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3.
Eur J Intern Med ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the attention given by emergency medical services teams working in mobile intensive care units (MICU) versus patients arriving at the hospital under their own means with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) event in terms of time to reperfusion (TR), mortality at 30 days and six months. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 634 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary a percutaneous coronary intervention from January 1st 2015 to December 31st 2018 in a single centre. Depending on the first medical contact patients were classified into two groups, MICU versus walk-in patients. We extracted data on patients' characteristics, symptoms, treatments, times to reperfusion and mortality. RESULTS: In our study 634 patients were included, of whom 59.0% were initially attended by the MICU. Differences were seen between the two groups in time delays to the first medical contact (120.0 vs 63.0 min; p < 0.001) and TR (208.0 Vs 150.0 min; p < 0.001). Patients attended by the MICUs presented a shorter ICU and hospital stay. The lowest 30-day mortality rate was observed in MICU group: 9.0% in contrast with 4.5%, p = 0.03; remaining after 6 months. The multivariable analysis showed that the initial attention given by MICU to STEMI patients was a protective agent against mortality [OR: 0.32 (0.11-0.90); p = 0.03]. CONCLUSION: Initial attention of the patients with STEMI by doctor-on-board-MICU and available 24 h a day 7 days a week as part of a regional network (CORECAM), was associated with a decrease in the ischemia time, hospital stay and mortality of these patients in our environment.

8.
Emergencias ; 29(2): 87-92, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28825249

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify prehospital and on-arrival factors associated with hospital outcome in patients with traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) discharged with recovered spontaneous circulation from the emergency department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multipurpose prospective cohort study of patients with TCA who recovered after treatment at a tertiary care hospital emergency department between 2003 and 2016. We gathered data on epidemiologic variables, type and cause of injuries, and prehospital and hospital emergency care. The outcome was overall hospital mortality. RESULTS: A total of 130 TCA cases were included; 123 patients (94.6%) had received blunt trauma injuries and 65 (50%) had been in traffic accidents. The mean (SD) age was 39 (16) years, and 96 (73.8%) were male. Fifty patients (65%) were in asystole and 42 (32.3%) had pulseless electrical activity. Sixteen (12.3%) survived to be discharged; 13 of the survivors (81.3%) had recovered neurological activity. Factors that were independently associated with hospital mortality were asystole on arrival of first responders (odds ratio [OR], 25; 95% CI, 2.5-247; P=.006), nonreactive pupils on arrival at the hospital (OR, 13; 95% CI, 2.0-79; P=.006), and an Injury Severity Score over 25 (OR, 13; 95% CI, 1.8-94; P=.011). CONCLUSION: Twelve percent of patients in this cohort survived to discharge after TCA and 8 out of 10 of the surviving patients recovered neurologically. Asystole at start of prehospital care, nonreactive pupils on hospital arrival, and a severity score over 25 may indicate poor prognosis after TCA.


Assuntos
Emergências , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Acidentes de Trânsito , Adulto , Suporte Vital Cardíaco Avançado , Dano Encefálico Crônico/etiologia , Dano Encefálico Crônico/prevenção & controle , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reflexo Anormal , Reflexo Pupilar , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Adulto Jovem
9.
Emergencias (St. Vicenç dels Horts) ; 29(2): 87-92, abr. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161659

RESUMO

Objetivo. Identificar los factores pronóstico a la llegada a urgencias y los resultados al alta hospitalaria de los pacientes en parada cardiaca traumática (PCT), documentada por un servicio de emergencias médicas (SEM), con posterior recuperación de la circulación espontánea (RCE). Métodos. Estudio de cohorte multipropósito de pacientes con PCT recuperada atendidos en un servicio de urgencias (SU) de un hospital universitario de tercer nivel de 2003 a 2016. Se recogieron variables epidemiológicas, tipo y mecanismo del traumatismo, datos de la atención extrahospitalaria y del SU. La variable de resultado fue la mortalidad global intrahospitalaria. Resultados. Se incluyeron 130 PCT, de los cuales 123 (94,6%) sufrieron un traumatismo cerrado y 65 (50%) tuvieron un accidente de tráfico. La edad media fue de 39 (DE 16) años y 96 (73,8%) fueron varones. Cincuenta pacientes (65%) presentaron asistolia y 42 (32,3%) actividad eléctrica sin pulso (AESP). Dieciséis (12,3%) sobrevivieron al alta, de los cuales 13 (81,3%) tuvieron recuperación neurológica favorable. Un ritmo de asistolia en la primera atención de extrahospitalaria (OR = 25; IC 95% 2,5-247; p = 0,006), las pupilas arreactivas a la llegada al hospital (OR = 13; IC 95% 2,0-79; p = 0,006), y una puntuación > 25 de la Injury Severity Score (ISS) (OR = 13; IC 95% 1,8-94; p = 0,011) se asociaron de forma independiente con la mortalidad intrahospitalaria. Conclusión. En nuestra serie, la supervivencia intrahospitalaria de la PCT fue un 12% siendo la recuperación neurológica favorable en ocho de cada diez vivos. El ritmo inicial en asistolia en la atención extrahospitalaria, la pupilas arreactivas a la llegada al hospital y una puntuación > 25 de ISS podrían implicar un mal pronóstico (AU)


Objective. To identify prehospital and on-arrival factors associated with hospital outcome in patients with traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) discharged with recovered spontaneous circulation from the emergency department. Material and methods. Multipurpose prospective cohort study of patients with TCA who recovered after treatment at a tertiary care hospital emergency department between 2003 and 2016. We gathered data on epidemiologic variables, type and cause of injuries, and prehospital and hospital emergency care. The outcome was overall hospital mortality. Results. A total of 130 TCA cases were included; 123 patients (94.6%) had received blunt trauma injuries and 65 (50%) had been in traffic accidents. The mean (SD) age was 39 (16) years, and 96 (73.8%) were male. Fifty patients (65%) were in asystole and 42 (32.3%) had pulseless electrical activity. Sixteen (12.3%) survived to be discharged; 13 of the survivors (81.3%) had recovered neurological activity. Factors that were independently associated with hospital mortality were asystole on arrival of first responders (odds ratio [OR], 25; 95% CI, 2.5–247; P=.006), nonreactive pupils on arrival at the hospital (OR, 13; 95% CI, 2.0–79; P=.006), and an Injury Severity Score over 25 (OR, 13; 95% CI, 1.8–94; P=.011). Conclusions. Twelve percent of patients in this cohort survived to discharge after TCA and 8 out of 10 of the surviving patients recovered neurologically. Asystole at start of prehospital care, nonreactive pupils on hospital arrival, and a severity score over 25 may indicate poor prognosis after TCA (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Parada Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Traumatismo Múltiplo/complicações , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Suporte Vital Cardíaco Avançado , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Prognóstico , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 148(5): 197-203, mar. 2017. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-160681

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo. Un origen frecuente de los pacientes que ingresan en la UCI es el Servicio de Urgencias. Es necesario analizar el pronóstico a corto plazo de estos pacientes, pero también su evolución tras el alta hospitalaria, puesto que es una preocupación importante de los enfermos. Nuestro objetivo es describir las características epidemiológicas de los pacientes que ingresan en la UCI desde Urgencias y analizar su evolución. Pacientes y método. Estudio de cohortes observacional y prospectivo. Incluye 269 pacientes ingresados consecutivamente en la UCI desde Urgencias durante 18 meses. Los factores asociados a la mortalidad hospitalaria se presentan en odds ratio (OR) y a la mortalidad a largo plazo como hazard ratio (HR). El nivel de significación aceptado fue del 5%. La supervivencia global se analizó mediante curvas de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados. La mortalidad hospitalaria fue del 15%, las complicaciones desarrolladas en la UCI fueron las variables con mayor impacto en la misma: insuficiencia renal aguda (OR 22,7) y distrés respiratorio (OR 51,2). Tras el alta hospitalaria, la mortalidad acumulada a los 12, 24 y 36 meses fue del 6, 11 y 15%, respectivamente. El grado de dependencia funcional (HR 3,7), el cáncer (HR 3,4) y las arritmias (HR 2,4) fueron los factores relacionados con la mortalidad a largo plazo. Conclusiones. El pronóstico a corto plazo de los pacientes que ingresan en la UCI se relaciona con su edad y comorbilidad, pero sobre todo con las características de la enfermedad aguda. Sin embargo, la evolución a largo plazo está más asociada a las características del paciente (AU)


Background and objective. A frequent source of critically-ill patients admitted to the ICU is the Emergency Department. It is essential to analyse the short-term prognosis of these patients, but also their evolution after their discharge from the hospital, since this is one of the major concerns of these patients. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological characteristics of patients admitted to the ICU from the Emergency Department and to analyse their outcome. Patients and method. This consisted of an observational prospective cohorts study which included 269 Emergency Department patients consecutively admitted to the ICU over an 18-month period. Factors associated with hospital mortality were presented as an odds ratio (OR) and factors associated with long-term mortality were presented as a hazard ratio (HR). A P-value lower than .05 was accepted as significant. The overall survival was analysed on the basis of the Kaplan-Meier curves. Results. Hospital mortality was 15%, ICU complications where the variables with the greatest impact on short-term mortality: acute renal failure (OR 22.7) and respiratory distress syndrome (OR 51.2). After hospital discharge, the cumulative mortality at 12, 24 and 36 months was 6, 11 and 15%, respectively. The degree of functional dependence (HR 3.7), cancer (HR 3.4) and arrhythmias (HR 2.4) were factors related to long-term mortality. Conclusions. The short-term outcome of ICU patients is related to age and comorbidity, but more significantly to the characteristics of the acute illness. However, the long-term outcome is more closely associated with the patients’ characteristics (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Emergências/epidemiologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Razão de Chances , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Prognóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 148(5): 197-203, 2017 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27993409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A frequent source of critically-ill patients admitted to the ICU is the Emergency Department. It is essential to analyse the short-term prognosis of these patients, but also their evolution after their discharge from the hospital, since this is one of the major concerns of these patients. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological characteristics of patients admitted to the ICU from the Emergency Department and to analyse their outcome. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This consisted of an observational prospective cohorts study which included 269 Emergency Department patients consecutively admitted to the ICU over an 18-month period. Factors associated with hospital mortality were presented as an odds ratio (OR) and factors associated with long-term mortality were presented as a hazard ratio (HR). A P-value lower than .05 was accepted as significant. The overall survival was analysed on the basis of the Kaplan-Meier curves. RESULTS: Hospital mortality was 15%, ICU complications where the variables with the greatest impact on short-term mortality: acute renal failure (OR 22.7) and respiratory distress syndrome (OR 51.2). After hospital discharge, the cumulative mortality at 12, 24 and 36 months was 6, 11 and 15%, respectively. The degree of functional dependence (HR 3.7), cancer (HR 3.4) and arrhythmias (HR 2.4) were factors related to long-term mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The short-term outcome of ICU patients is related to age and comorbidity, but more significantly to the characteristics of the acute illness. However, the long-term outcome is more closely associated with the patients' characteristics.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estado Terminal/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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