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1.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450615

RESUMO

Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy is the main infectious myocarditis worldwide. Almost 30% of Trypanosoma cruzi infected individuals develop slow and progressive myocarditis that leads to ventricular dilation and heart failure. Heart transplantation is an established, valuable therapeutic option for end-stage Chagas disease patients. Although the pathophysiology of Chagas disease has been addressed for decades by numerous groups, the cardiac immunologic mechanisms involved in the progression of clinical manifestation are still unknown. Growing evidence demonstrates that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α plays indispensable roles in driving immune response by triggering the expression of CD73 purinergic ecto-enzyme. Purinergic system controls the duration and magnitude of purine signals directed to modulate immune cells through the conversion of extracellular ATP (microbicide/proinflammatory) to the immunoregulatory metabolite adenosine. In the present work, we described that infiltrating leukocytes within cardiac explants from patients with end-stage Chagas cardiomyopathy up-regulated HIF-1α and CD73 expression. Moreover, the number of HIF-1α+ and CD73+ leukocytes positively correlated with the myocarditis severity and the local parasite load. Furthermore, we demonstrated a direct relationship between tissue parasite persistence and the influx of immune cells to the infected hearts, which ultimately determine the severity of the myocarditis. These findings provide evidence that CD73-dependent regulatory pathways are locally triggered in the myocardium of patients with end-stage Chagas disease.

2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1866(5): 165689, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001300

RESUMO

This review is a perspective on the history of Chagas disease, and it adopts a novel approach from literary studies, historical documents and the science and epidemiology of the nature of the disease. From this analysis, comes the review's working definition of the Contact Zone (CZ): "the space in which geographically and historically separated people come into contact with each other and establish long-lasting relationships, which usually involve coercive conditions, radical inequality and intolerable conflict." In the Patient-Physician CZ, we verified the triple transition phenomena: the American trypanosomiasis shifted from a rural, acute, and vectorial transmitted disease to an urban, chronic and non-vectorial disease. In the Academic CZ, we describe the original disagreements which denied the existence of the disease and the current controversies about pathogenic mechanisms and etiological treatment. From the News from Latin America, and in the Original CZ, we will review the evolution of different forms of transmission. As in any good story, research across broad disciplines is necessary to reveal historical perspectives, scientific approaches, and the epidemiology of the disease, which has a prequel of 9000 years and an open ending: thus, we explore across the Global CZ, with its multiple and unexpected actors.

3.
J Surg Res ; 249: 216-224, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001387

RESUMO

Pericardium closure after cardiac surgery is recommended to prevent postoperative adhesions to the sternum. Synthetic materials have been used as substitutes, with limited results because of impaired remodeling and fibrotic tissue formation. Urinary bladder matrix (UBM) scaffolds promote constructive remodeling that more closely resemble the native tissue. The aim of the study is to evaluate the host response to UBM scaffolds in a porcine model of partial pericardial resection. Twelve Landrace pigs were subjected to a median sternotomy. A 5 × 7 cm pericardial defect was created and then closed with a 5 × 7 cm multilayer UBM patch (UBM group) or left as an open defect (control group). Animals were survived for 8 wk. End points included gross morphology, biomechanical testing, histology with semiquantitative score, and cardiac function. The UBM group showed mild adhesions, whereas the control group showed fibrosis at the repair site, with robust adhesions and injury to the coronary bed. Load at failure (gr) and stiffness (gr/mm) were lower in the UBM group compared with the native pericardium (199.9 ± 59.2 versus 405.3 ± 99.89 g, P = 0.0536 and 44.23 ± 15.01 versus 146.5 ± 24.38 g/mm, P = 0.0025, respectively). In the UBM group, the histology resembled native pericardial tissue, with neovascularization, neofibroblasts, and little inflammatory signs. In contrast, control group showed fibrotic tissue with mononuclear infiltrates and a lack of organized collagen fibers validated with a histologic score. Both groups had normal ultrasonography results without cardiac motility disorders. In this setting, UBM scaffolds showed appropriate features for pericardial repair, restoring tissue properties that could help reduce postsurgical adhesions and prevent its associated complications.

4.
J Surg Res ; 246: 62-72, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561179

RESUMO

Recurrence rates in the laparoscopic repair of the hiatal hernia range from 12% to 59%. Limitation of reinforcement has been principally the risk of adverse events caused by synthetic materials. Biologic and resorbable synthetic materials are valid alternatives. This study compares the host response to all these materials after hiatal hernia repair. A total of 20 Landrace pigs, underwent laparoscopic primary hiatal hernia repair and reinforced with a polypropylene mesh (PROLENE: polypropylene [PP]), an absorbable synthetic scaffold (GOREBIO-A: polyglycolic acid [PGA]), a urinary bladder matrix scaffold, (Gentrix: urinary bladder matrix [UBM]), or without reinforcement, control group (C). Animals were survived for 3 months. Endpoints included gross morphology, biomechanical testing, and histology. Pigs in PP and PGA groups showed fibrosis at the repair site, with robust adhesions. In UBM and C groups, only mild adhesions were found. Load at failure (gr) and stiffness (gr/mm) of PP were higher than C group (PP:2103 ± 548.3 versus C:951.1 ± 372.7, P = 0.02; PP:643.3 ± 301 versus C:152.6 ± 142.7, P = 0.01). PGA and UBM values for both parameters were in between PP and C samples. However, stiffness in UBM was tended to be lower than PP group, and approached a significant difference (643.3 ± 301 versus 243 ± 122.1, P = 0.0536). In UBM group, the histology resembled native tissue. By contrast, PP and PGA groups showed mononuclear infiltrates, fibroencapsulation, necrosis, remnants of mesh, and disorganized tissue that was validated with a histologic score. In this setting, UBM scaffolds showed the most appropriate features for hiatal hernia repair, recovering the tissue properties that can help reduce the possibility of early failure and prevent complications associated with the implanted material.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/instrumentação , Prevenção Secundária/instrumentação , Tecidos Suporte , Implantes Absorvíveis , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Estresse Mecânico , Telas Cirúrgicas , Sus scrofa
5.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 18(2): 121-124, jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-957574

RESUMO

En la actualidad el rechazo crónico en el trasplante pulmonar incluye diferentes formas de presentación clínica englobadas bajo el término "disfunción crónica de injerto", por sus siglas en inglés (CLAD, Chronic lung allograft dysfunction). Se han diferenciado dos fenotipos de CLAD, expresión de rechazo crónico, con presentación clínicoimagenológica, anatomo-patológica y evolutiva diferente. La disfunción crónica del injerto pulmonar con fenotipo obstructivo, correspondiente a la bronquiolitis obliterante (BO) / síndrome de bronquiolitis obliterante (SBO), y la de fenotipo restrictivo correspondiente al síndrome restrictivo del injerto (RAS, restrictive allograft syndrome)1. Se presentan dos casos clínicos de trasplante bipulmonar con disfunción crónica del injerto pulmonar que ejemplifican los fenotipos de rechazo crónico bajo las formas de SBO y RAS, respectivamente. Ambos pacientes recibieron un retrasplante pulmonar. La anatomía patológica de los pulmones explantados confirmó el diagnóstico en ambos casos


Assuntos
Fenótipo , Facilitação Imunológica de Enxerto , Transplante de Pulmão
6.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 77(6): 481-485, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29223939

RESUMO

Papillary ibroelastomas are small benign intracardiac tumors known for their embolic potential. Since the introduction of echocardiography with improved resolution and transesophageal imaging techniques, they are being increasingly detected in clinical practice. In recent series, papillary fibroelastoma is considered the most frequent benign tumor of the heart. Our objective was to analyze characteristics and midterm surgical outcome of histologically-confirmed cases of papillary fibroelastoma. We conducted a retrospective study on patients with cardiac tumors submitted to surgical excision between June 1992 and February 2017. Out of 108 patients, 18 had papillary fibroelastomas. Their mean age was 58 years (22-77); 10 were men. The most frequent localizations were the aortic valve (7) and the mitral valve (5). None had significant valvular dysfunction. By transesophageal echocardiography, the tumor size (larger diameter) was 13.33 ± 5.55 mm (6.6-28.0). Two patients, both with tumor in the aortic valve, had suffered a stroke; other two had dyspnoea and atrial flutter, respectively. The remaining 14 patients were asymptomatic and their tumors were incidental findings. In 15 patients the valve was preserved. There was neither surgical mortality nor recurrence after 2.6 years of follow-up. In conclusion, most papillary fibroelastomas can be surgically removed with valve preservation and favorable clinical outcome. However, until the results of randomized trials support the decision, an aggressive surgical approach in asymptomatic patients needs to be defined in the context of surgical expertise.


Assuntos
Fibroma/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Músculos Papilares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fibroma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 77(6): 481-485, dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-894525

RESUMO

Los fibroelastomas papilares cardíacos son pequeños tumores benignos con potencial embolígeno. Con la incorporación de la ecocardiografía y la mejoría en la resolución de las imágenes, el diagnóstico clínico es cada vez más frecuente, y en series recientes su frecuencia supera a la del mixoma cardíaco. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar las características de una serie de casos de fibroelastoma papilar cardíaco con confirmación histológica operados en nuestro hospital. Analizamos retrospectivamente los tumores cardíacos y las características clínicas de los pacientes operados desde junio de 1992 a febrero de 2017. De 108 operados, 18 presentaron fibroelastoma papilar. La edad media del grupo con fibroelastoma papilar fue 58 años (22-77); 10 eran varones. Las localizaciones más frecuentes fueron la válvula aórtica (7) y la válvula mitral (5). Ninguno presentó disfunción valvular significativa. Por ecografía transesofágica, el tamaño (diámetro mayor) fue 13.33 ± 5.55 mm (6.6-28.0). Cuatro pacientes eran sintomáticos; uno presentaba disnea, otro aleteo auricular, dos con fibroelastoma en válvula aórtica habían sufrido un accidente cerebrovascular. Los restantes, asintomáticos, fueron intervenidos preventivamente. En 15 pacientes el tumor se extirpó sin necesidad de reemplazo valvular. No hubo mortalidad quirúrgica ni recidiva tumoral en el seguimiento de 2.6 años. Se concluye que los fibroelastomas papilares cardíacos pueden ser extirpados con buenos resultados a mediano plazo y, en su mayoría, con preservación valvular. Sin embargo, no existen aún estudios aleatorizados que avalen la escisión quirúrgica en pacientes asintomáticos. Por el momento, esta última depende de la experiencia del grupo quirúrgico tratante.


Papillary ibroelastomas are small benign intracardiac tumors known for their embolic potential. Since the introduction of echocardiography with improved resolution and transesophageal imaging techniques, they are being increasingly detected in clinical practice. In recent series, papillary fibroelastoma is considered the most frequent benign tumor of the heart. Our objective was to analyze characteristics and midterm surgical outcome of histologically-confirmed cases of papillary fibroelastoma. We conducted a retrospective study on patients with cardiac tumors submitted to surgical excision between June 1992 and February 2017. Out of 108 patients, 18 had papillary fibroelastomas. Their mean age was 58 years (22-77); 10 were men. The most frequent localizations were the aortic valve (7) and the mitral valve (5). None had significant valvular dysfunction. By transesophageal echocardiography, the tumor size (larger diameter) was 13.33 ± 5.55 mm (6.6-28.0). Two patients, both with tumor in the aortic valve, had suffered a stroke; other two had dyspnoea and atrial flutter, respectively. The remaining 14 patients were asymptomatic and their tumors were incidental findings. In 15 patients the valve was preserved. There was neither surgical mortality nor recurrence after 2.6 years of follow-up. In conclusion, most papillary fibroelastomas can be surgically removed with valve preservation and favorable clinical outcome. However, until the results of randomized trials support the decision, an aggressive surgical approach in asymptomatic patients needs to be defined in the context of surgical expertise.

8.
Acta Trop ; 174: 149-152, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28720492

RESUMO

Since the decline in new cases of infection by insect/vector, congenital Chagas disease has become more relevant in the transmission of Chagas disease. Treatment with benznidazole significantly reduces the parasitemia, which constitutes an important factor linked to vertical transmission. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether treatment with benznidazole previously administered to women of childbearing age can prevent or reduce the incidence of new cases of congenital Chagas disease. An historical cohort study that included all women in reproductive age (15-45 years) assisted in our center was designed. We included 67 mothers with chronic Chagas disease; 35 women had not been treated prior to pregnancy, 15 had been treated prior to pregnancy and 17 gave birth prior and after treatment with benznidazole. Eight mothers gave birth to 16 children with congenital Chagas disease (8/67, 12%). The prevalence of congenital Chagas was 16/114 (14%) children born to untreated mothers and 0/42 (0%) children born to benznidazole- treated mothers, p=0.01. No significant differences were observed in clinical, serologic, epidemiological or socioeconomic baseline variables between mothers with and without children born with congenital Chagas. A 32% conversion rate to negative serology was observed in benznidazole-treated women after long-term follow up. Antiparasitic treatment administered to women in reproductive age can prevent the occurrence of congenital Chagas disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Chagas/transmissão , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Nitroimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Parasitárias na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 84(3): 1-10, jun. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957728

RESUMO

Introducción: El trasplante cardíaco continúa siendo el tratamiento de elección en pacientes con miocardiopatías graves sin otras opciones terapéuticas. Los resultados alentadores del trasplante cardíaco en términos de supervivencia han permitido ampliar los criterios de selección del receptor, lo que ha llevado a la inclusión de pacientes de mayor complejidad en lista de espera. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados del trasplante cardíaco del Hospital Universitario Fundación Favaloro a lo largo de 21 años de seguimiento. Material y métodos: Entre febrero de 1993 y diciembre de 2014 se realizaron 442 trasplantes cardíacos ortotópicos en un único centro. Se analizaron en forma retrospectiva las historias clínicas de los pacientes, excluyéndose los pediátricos y protegiendo la confidencialidad de los datos. Para el análisis se dividió la serie en período 1 (febrero 1993 - agosto 2003) y período 2 (septiembre 2003 - diciembre 2014). Resultados: Se observó durante el segundo período una prevalencia mayor de candidatos con miocardiopatía dilatada no coronaria versus coronaria y un incremento significativo de la indicación de trasplante cardíaco en la miocardiopatía dilatada chagásica. La prevalencia de hipertensión pulmonar aumentó, realizándose un número mayor de trasplantes cardíacos en condición de emergencia, con requerimiento de inotrópicos y soporte circulatorio mecánico con balón de contrapulsación intraaórtico. Conclusiones: Se han observado cambios en el perfil clínico de los receptores de trasplante cardíaco, ingresando en lista de espera pacientes con un número mayor de comorbilidades. La cuidadosa elección de candidatos a trasplante requiere una revisión continua y un análisis individualizado de los diferentes factores que determinan la supervivencia de los pacientes y su impacto en los resultados de los programas de trasplante.

10.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 8(8): e2989, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25144227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main consequence of chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection is the development of myocarditis in approximately 20-30% of infected individuals but not until 10-20 years after the initial infection. We have previously shown that circulating interferon-γ-secreting T cells responsive to Trypanosoma cruzi antigens in chronic Chagas disease patients display a low grade of differentiation and the frequency of these T lymphocytes decreases along with the severity of heart disease. This study thought to explore the expression of inhibitory receptors, transcription factors of type 1 or regulatory T cells, and markers of T cell differentiation, immunosenescence or active cell cycle in cardiac explants from patients with advanced Chagas disease myocarditis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The expression of different markers for T and B cells as well as for macrophages was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence techniques in cardiac explants from patients with advanced chronic Chagas disease submitted to heart transplantation. Most infiltrating cells displayed markers of antigen-experienced T cells (CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), CD45RO(+)) with a low grade of differentiation (CD27(+), CD57(-), CD45RA(-), PD(-)1(-)). A skewed T helper1/T cytotoxic 1 profile was supported by the expression of T-bet; whereas FOXP3(+) cells were scarce and located only in areas of severe myocarditis. In addition, a significant proliferative capacity of CD3(+) T cells, assessed by Ki67 staining, was found. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The quality of T cell responses and immunoregulatory mechanisms might determine the pattern of the cellular response and the severity of disease in chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/análise , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia
11.
Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam ; 43(2): 106-12, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23940910

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence following liver transplantation is associated to bad prognosis. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 95 patients who underwent liver transplantation for HCC. Recurrence rate and variables associated with recurrence were reviewed. According to the findings on the explanted livers they were divided in two groups: Milan (M) 67% and non-Milan (NM) 33%. Global recurrence rate, and M-group and NM-group recurrence rates were 19%; 12% and 32%, respectively (P = 0.001). Although in the univariate analysis we found some factors associated to recurrence (hemocromathosis, year of transplant, bilobar distribution, vascular invasion and previous chemoembolization), they were not independent predictors of recurrence in the multivariate analysis. Actuarial survival in cirrhotic patients with and without HCC at 1, 3 and 5 years was 86% and 91% (NS), 77% and 88% (NS), and 67% and 86% (P = 0.002), respectively; whereas actuarial survival of the M and NM groups was 86% and 71%; 82% and 61%, and 78% and 58%, respectively (P = 0.02). We had a satisfactory five-year global survival in our series even though one third of our patients grafted for HCC were outside Milan criteria.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 96(1): 279-85, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23602066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no data that compare the clinical presentation and results of surgical lung biopsy (SLB) for diffuse lung disease (DLD) in lung transplant patients, in contrast to individuals with other type of solid organ grafts. Our objective was to compare the clinical picture, radiologic pattern, pathology results, and outcomes of SLB for DLD in these two subsets of patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of transplant patients undergoing SLB for DLD at our institution between 2004 and 2011. Patients with lung transplants and those with other transplants were compared. RESULTS: During the study period, 1,232 solid organ transplants were done at our institution. Of these, 49 patients (4%) had DLD that needed SLB for diagnosis, and 24 of these patients had a lung transplant. Dyspnea and a radiologic reticular pattern were more frequent in lung transplant patients, 21 of 24 vs 11 of 25 (p = 0.001) and 14 of 24 vs 7 of 25 (p = 0.03), respectively. Although postoperative complications and in-hospital deaths were more common in lung transplant patients, the differences were not statistically significant. Having the SLB performed for diagnosis, as opposed to being conducted for DLD that did not improve on medical treatment, had a protective effect on multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 0.39; 95% confidence interval, 0.16 to 0.96; p = 0.042). A prior lung transplant was the only independent predictor of survival (hazard ratio, 4.62; 95% confidence interval, 1.53 to 13.92, p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: It is relatively uncommon for a solid organ transplant patient with DLD to require a SLB. Clinical and radiologic presentation differ in patients with lung transplants compared with other transplants. Postoperative outcomes are not significantly different between the groups. SLB performed early in the course of the disease might be beneficial. Having a lung transplant is a significant negative predictor of survival.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Período Intraoperatório , Pulmão/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 107(6): 372-6, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23612468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cure in adult patients with chronic Chagas disease and the relationship between parasitological and clinical evolution is still under debate. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical, epidemiological and progression features of the disease in a patient population who became serologically negative either spontaneously or post-etiological treatment. METHODS: We included 107 patients over 20 years old with three different confirmed reactive anti-Trypanosoma cruzi serologic tests on admission, and a minimum of two years of follow-up. Patients were assigned to clinical groups according to Kuschnir. Change of clinical group was considered a heart disease progression criterion, and seronegative conversion of two or three as parasitological cure criterion. RESULTS: From 107 patients with parasitological cure, 82 had received treatment (77%) and 25 became spontaneously seronegative (23%). Forty-six (43%) and 61 (57%) patients had two and three negative serological tests, respectively. No differences in clinical groups, ECG, echocardiogram and heart disease progression were found in patients who became negative spontaneously or post-treatment. The clinical progression and ECG changes were observed in 5/107 (5%) and 11/107 (10%) respectively, in a mean of 10 years follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Adults with chronic Chagas disease can cure, mostly post-etiological treatment, but also spontaneously, showing a favourable clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/parasitologia , Adulto , Antiparasitários/uso terapêutico , Doença de Chagas/complicações , Doença de Chagas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Trypanosoma cruzi/isolamento & purificação
14.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 81(1): 45-52, feb. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-694837

RESUMO

Introducción La miocardiopatía periparto es una forma infrecuente de insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva con una evolución impredecible. Su verdadera incidencia y prevalencia no se conoce con certeza y su etiología aún no se ha aclarado, aunque se han involucrado varios mecanismos en los que se reconocen diversos factores de riesgo. Objetivo Analizar predictores pronósticos de mortalidad o de requerimiento de trasplante cardíaco. Material y métodos Entre 1992 y noviembre de 2011 se evaluaron retrospectivamente 23 pacientes. En aquellas con insuficiencia cardíaca descompensada se realizó monitorización hemodinámica. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 7,3 años (3,2-17,5). El análisis univariado se realizó por regresión de Cox y la supervivencia global se calculó con el método de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados La edad media fue de 28,7 ± 8,8 años, ocho pacientes eran multíparas. El 73% estaban en clase funcional III-IV. La presión arterial sistólica y diastólica fue de 103 ± 23 y 67 ± 11 mm Hg, respectivamente, y la frecuencia cardíaca, de 92 ± 19 lpm. El 100% se encontraba en ritmo sinusal. El índice cardiotorácico fue de 0,56 ± 0,07. El diámetro diastólico y sistólico del ventrículo izquierdo fue de 67,5 ± 10,2 y 56,7 ± 10,1 mm, respectivamente, el diámetro auricular izquierdo fue de 42,5 ± 6 mm y la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo, del 24,6% ± 10,8%. La presión media de la arteria pulmonar fue de 25 ± 9 mm Hg y la capilar pulmonar, de 18,4 ± 7,8 mm Hg; el índice cardíaco fue de 2,6 ± 0,6 L/min/m². Siete pacientes fallecieron y tres fueron sometidas a trasplante cardíaco. En el análisis univariado, la clase funcional, el índice cardíaco, la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica, la presión capilar y pulmonar media, el índice cardiotorácico y el diámetro auricular izquierdo se asociaron con mortalidad y trasplante cardíaco. La supervivencia a 1, 3 y 6 años fue del 91%, 82% y 64%, respectivamente. Conclusiones La mortalidad hospitalaria fue del 4,3% y el requerimiento de trasplante cardíaco o la muerte en el seguimiento fueron del 39%. Los parámetros hemodinámicos al ingreso fueron los principales predictores de mortalidad y de trasplante.


Background Peripartum cardiomyopathy is an uncommon form of congestive heart failure with an unpredictable outcome. Very little is known about its real incidence and prevalence, and its etiology is still unknown, although a number of contributing factors, including diverse risk factors, have been proposed. Objective To analyze the predictors of mortality or need for heart transplantation. Methods Between 1992 and November 2011, 23 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Patients with decompensated heart failure were managed with hemodynamic monitoring. Me­dian follow-up was of 7.3 years (3.2-17.5). Univariate Cox regression analysis was performed and overall survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results Mean age was 28.7±8.8 years; eight patients were multipara. Seventy three percent were in functional class III-IV. Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were 103±23 and 67±11 mm Hg, respectively, and heart rate was 92±19 bpm. All the patients were in sinus rhythm. The cardiothoracic index was 0.56±0.07. End-diastolic and end-systolic left ventricular dimensions were 67.5±10.2 and 56.7±10.1 mm, respectively; left atrial dimension was 42.5±6 mm and left ventricular ejection fraction was 24.6%±10.8%. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was 25±9 mm Hg and pulmonary wedge pressure, was 18.4±7.8 mm Hg; cardiac index was 2.6±0.6 L/min/m². Seven patients died and three patients underwent heart transplantation. Univariate analysis revealed that functional class, cardiac index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulmonary wedge pressure and mean pulmonary artery pressure, cardiothoracic index and left atrial dimension were associated with mortality and heart transplantation. Survival at one, three and six years was of 91%, 82% y 64%, respectively. Conclusions In-hospital mortality was of 4.3% and the need for heart transplantation or mortality during follow-up was of 39%. The hemodynamic parameters at admission were the main predictors of mortality and transplant.

15.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 81(1): 45-52, feb. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-130750

RESUMO

Introducción La miocardiopatía periparto es una forma infrecuente de insuficiencia cardíaca congestiva con una evolución impredecible. Su verdadera incidencia y prevalencia no se conoce con certeza y su etiología aún no se ha aclarado, aunque se han involucrado varios mecanismos en los que se reconocen diversos factores de riesgo. Objetivo Analizar predictores pronósticos de mortalidad o de requerimiento de trasplante cardíaco. Material y métodos Entre 1992 y noviembre de 2011 se evaluaron retrospectivamente 23 pacientes. En aquellas con insuficiencia cardíaca descompensada se realizó monitorización hemodinámica. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 7,3 años (3,2-17,5). El análisis univariado se realizó por regresión de Cox y la supervivencia global se calculó con el método de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados La edad media fue de 28,7 ± 8,8 años, ocho pacientes eran multíparas. El 73% estaban en clase funcional III-IV. La presión arterial sistólica y diastólica fue de 103 ± 23 y 67 ± 11 mm Hg, respectivamente, y la frecuencia cardíaca, de 92 ± 19 lpm. El 100% se encontraba en ritmo sinusal. El índice cardiotorácico fue de 0,56 ± 0,07. El diámetro diastólico y sistólico del ventrículo izquierdo fue de 67,5 ± 10,2 y 56,7 ± 10,1 mm, respectivamente, el diámetro auricular izquierdo fue de 42,5 ± 6 mm y la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo, del 24,6% ± 10,8%. La presión media de la arteria pulmonar fue de 25 ± 9 mm Hg y la capilar pulmonar, de 18,4 ± 7,8 mm Hg; el índice cardíaco fue de 2,6 ± 0,6 L/min/m². Siete pacientes fallecieron y tres fueron sometidas a trasplante cardíaco. En el análisis univariado, la clase funcional, el índice cardíaco, la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica, la presión capilar y pulmonar media, el índice cardiotorácico y el diámetro auricular izquierdo se asociaron con mortalidad y trasplante cardíaco. La supervivencia a 1, 3 y 6 años fue del 91%, 82% y 64%, respectivamente. Conclusiones La mortalidad hospitalaria fue del 4,3% y el requerimiento de trasplante cardíaco o la muerte en el seguimiento fueron del 39%. Los parámetros hemodinámicos al ingreso fueron los principales predictores de mortalidad y de trasplante.(AU)


Background Peripartum cardiomyopathy is an uncommon form of congestive heart failure with an unpredictable outcome. Very little is known about its real incidence and prevalence, and its etiology is still unknown, although a number of contributing factors, including diverse risk factors, have been proposed. Objective To analyze the predictors of mortality or need for heart transplantation. Methods Between 1992 and November 2011, 23 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Patients with decompensated heart failure were managed with hemodynamic monitoring. Me¡dian follow-up was of 7.3 years (3.2-17.5). Univariate Cox regression analysis was performed and overall survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results Mean age was 28.7±8.8 years; eight patients were multipara. Seventy three percent were in functional class III-IV. Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were 103±23 and 67±11 mm Hg, respectively, and heart rate was 92±19 bpm. All the patients were in sinus rhythm. The cardiothoracic index was 0.56±0.07. End-diastolic and end-systolic left ventricular dimensions were 67.5±10.2 and 56.7±10.1 mm, respectively; left atrial dimension was 42.5±6 mm and left ventricular ejection fraction was 24.6%±10.8%. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was 25±9 mm Hg and pulmonary wedge pressure, was 18.4±7.8 mm Hg; cardiac index was 2.6±0.6 L/min/m². Seven patients died and three patients underwent heart transplantation. Univariate analysis revealed that functional class, cardiac index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulmonary wedge pressure and mean pulmonary artery pressure, cardiothoracic index and left atrial dimension were associated with mortality and heart transplantation. Survival at one, three and six years was of 91%, 82% y 64%, respectively. Conclusions In-hospital mortality was of 4.3% and the need for heart transplantation or mortality during follow-up was of 39%. The hemodynamic parameters at admission were the main predictors of mortality and transplant.(AU)

16.
Acta gastroenterol. latinoam ; 43(2): 106-12, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-132992

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence following liver transplantation is associated to bad prognosis. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 95 patients who underwent liver transplantation for HCC. Recurrence rate and variables associated with recurrence were reviewed. According to the findings on the explanted livers they were divided in two groups: Milan (M) 67


and non-Milan (NM) 33


. Global recurrence rate, and M-group and NM-group recurrence rates were 19


; 12


and 32


, respectively (P = 0.001). Although in the univariate analysis we found some factors associated to recurrence (hemocromathosis, year of transplant, bilobar distribution, vascular invasion and previous chemoembolization), they were not independent predictors of recurrence in the multivariate analysis. Actuarial survival in cirrhotic patients with and without HCC at 1, 3 and 5 years was 86


and 91


(NS), 77


and 88


(NS), and 67


and 86


(P = 0.002), respectively; whereas actuarial survival of the M and NM groups was 86


and 71


; 82


and 61


, and 78


and 58


, respectively (P = 0.02). We had a satisfactory five-year global survival in our series even though one third of our patients grafted for HCC were outside Milan criteria.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 80(3): 210-216, jun. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-657561

RESUMO

Introducción La angiogénesis o neovascularización involucra la formación de nuevos conductos en las adyacencias de vasos preexistentes. Esta proliferación vascular es frecuente en varias circunstancias clínicas, como es el caso de la aterosclerosis. Los microvasos de las placas ateroscleróticas coronarias pueden estar vinculados a la inestabilidad de la lesión. Objetivo Correlacionar la presencia de angiogénesis en placas ateroscleróticas con los criterios de vulnerabilidad de la clasificación de la American Heart Association (AHA). Material y métodos En 121 corazones de donantes no diabéticos aparentemente sanos y mayores de 40 años destinados para homoinjertos se examinaron las arterias coronarias y todas las áreas de estrechamiento luminal se sometieron a estudios histológicos, inmunohistoquímicos y morfométricos. Para el análisis de la angiogénesis se empleó un puntaje semicuantitativo (escala 0-3). Se realizó un análisis de regresión logística univariado y multivariado para identificar factores de riesgo relacionados con la angiogénesis. Resultados Se hallaron 143 lesiones de riesgo alto (AHA tipos IV, V y VI) en las arterias descendente anterior (46,3%), circunfleja (28,9%) y coronaria derecha (43%). La angiogénesis se asoció en forma estadísticamente significativa con el grado de oclusión vascular, la infiltración de células inflamatorias, la presencia de centro lipídico, la fibrosis, la periarteritis y, sólo en la descendente anterior, con el antecedente de hipertensión arterial (p < 0,006). Se detectó angiogénesis en 1 placa tipo II, en 5 tipo III, en 21 tipo IV, en 22 tipo V y en 7 placas tipo VI (AHA). Conclusiones La angiogénesis de placas vulnerables se asoció con el grado de oclusión vascular, la infiltración de células inflamatorias, la fibrosis, la presencia de núcleo lipídico y, sólo en la descendente anterior, con el antecedente de hipertensión arterial. No se encontró asociación con la hemorragia intraplaca o la calcificación, lo cual sugiere que la angiogénesis puede anticipar la rotura de las placas.


Background Angiogenesis or neovascularization involves the formation of new blood vessels adjacent to preexisting vessels. This vascular proliferation is prevalent in various clinical conditions, such as atherosclerosis. Microvessels in coronary artery atherosclerotic plaques may contribute to plaque instability. Objectives The aim of this study was to correlate the presence of angiogenesis in atherosclerotic plaques with the criteria of plaque vulnerability used by the American Heart Association (AHA). Methods One hundred and twenty one hearts from non-diabetic and apparently healthy transplant donors older than 40 years were selected. The coronary arteries were examined and all areas of cross-sectional luminal narrowing underwent histological, immunohistochemical and morphometric studies. A semi-quantitative score (scale 0-3) was used to identify of angiogenesis. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify angiogenesisrelated risk factors. Results On hundred and forty three high-risk lesions (AHA type IV, V and VI) in the left anterior descending coronary artery (46.3%), the circumflex coronary artery (28.9%) and the right coronary artery (43%) were identified. Angiogenesis had a statistically significant association with the severity of vascular occlusion, inflammatory cell infiltration, presence of a lipid core, fibrosis and periarteritis. A history of hypertension (HT) was associated with angiogenesis only in lesions of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). According to the AHA classification angiogenesis was detected in 1 Type II, 5 Type III, 21 Type IV, 22 Type V, and 7 Type VI plaques. Conclusions Angiogenesis in vulnerable plaques was associated with the severity of vascular occlusion, inflammatory cell infiltration, fibrosis and presence of a lipid core, and with a history of HT in LAD lesions. There was no association between angiogenesis and plaque hemorrhage or calcification, suggesting that angiogenesis may anticipate plaque rupture.

18.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 80(3): 210-216, jun. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-129277

RESUMO

Introducción La angiogénesis o neovascularización involucra la formación de nuevos conductos en las adyacencias de vasos preexistentes. Esta proliferación vascular es frecuente en varias circunstancias clínicas, como es el caso de la aterosclerosis. Los microvasos de las placas ateroscleróticas coronarias pueden estar vinculados a la inestabilidad de la lesión. Objetivo Correlacionar la presencia de angiogénesis en placas ateroscleróticas con los criterios de vulnerabilidad de la clasificación de la American Heart Association (AHA). Material y métodos En 121 corazones de donantes no diabéticos aparentemente sanos y mayores de 40 años destinados para homoinjertos se examinaron las arterias coronarias y todas las áreas de estrechamiento luminal se sometieron a estudios histológicos, inmunohistoquímicos y morfométricos. Para el análisis de la angiogénesis se empleó un puntaje semicuantitativo (escala 0-3). Se realizó un análisis de regresión logística univariado y multivariado para identificar factores de riesgo relacionados con la angiogénesis. Resultados Se hallaron 143 lesiones de riesgo alto (AHA tipos IV, V y VI) en las arterias descendente anterior (46,3%), circunfleja (28,9%) y coronaria derecha (43%). La angiogénesis se asoció en forma estadísticamente significativa con el grado de oclusión vascular, la infiltración de células inflamatorias, la presencia de centro lipídico, la fibrosis, la periarteritis y, sólo en la descendente anterior, con el antecedente de hipertensión arterial (p < 0,006). Se detectó angiogénesis en 1 placa tipo II, en 5 tipo III, en 21 tipo IV, en 22 tipo V y en 7 placas tipo VI (AHA). Conclusiones La angiogénesis de placas vulnerables se asoció con el grado de oclusión vascular, la infiltración de células inflamatorias, la fibrosis, la presencia de núcleo lipídico y, sólo en la descendente anterior, con el antecedente de hipertensión arterial. No se encontró asociación con la hemorragia intraplaca o la calcificación, lo cual sugiere que la angiogénesis puede anticipar la rotura de las placas.(AU)


Background Angiogenesis or neovascularization involves the formation of new blood vessels adjacent to preexisting vessels. This vascular proliferation is prevalent in various clinical conditions, such as atherosclerosis. Microvessels in coronary artery atherosclerotic plaques may contribute to plaque instability. Objectives The aim of this study was to correlate the presence of angiogenesis in atherosclerotic plaques with the criteria of plaque vulnerability used by the American Heart Association (AHA). Methods One hundred and twenty one hearts from non-diabetic and apparently healthy transplant donors older than 40 years were selected. The coronary arteries were examined and all areas of cross-sectional luminal narrowing underwent histological, immunohistochemical and morphometric studies. A semi-quantitative score (scale 0-3) was used to identify of angiogenesis. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify angiogenesisrelated risk factors. Results On hundred and forty three high-risk lesions (AHA type IV, V and VI) in the left anterior descending coronary artery (46.3%), the circumflex coronary artery (28.9%) and the right coronary artery (43%) were identified. Angiogenesis had a statistically significant association with the severity of vascular occlusion, inflammatory cell infiltration, presence of a lipid core, fibrosis and periarteritis. A history of hypertension (HT) was associated with angiogenesis only in lesions of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). According to the AHA classification angiogenesis was detected in 1 Type II, 5 Type III, 21 Type IV, 22 Type V, and 7 Type VI plaques. Conclusions Angiogenesis in vulnerable plaques was associated with the severity of vascular occlusion, inflammatory cell infiltration, fibrosis and presence of a lipid core, and with a history of HT in LAD lesions. There was no association between angiogenesis and plaque hemorrhage or calcification, suggesting that angiogenesis may anticipate plaque rupture.(AU)

19.
PLoS One ; 7(5): e35966, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22574131

RESUMO

We had formerly demonstrated that subjects chronically infected with Trypanosoma cruzi show impaired T cell responses closely linked with a process of T cell exhaustion. Recently, the expression of several inhibitory receptors has been associated with T cell dysfunction and exhaustion. In this study, we have examined the expression of the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and the leukocyte immunoglobulin like receptor 1 (LIR-1) by peripheral T. cruzi antigen-responsive IFN-gamma (IFN-γ)-producing and total T cells from chronically T. cruzi-infected subjects with different clinical forms of the disease. CTAL-4 expression was also evaluated in heart tissue sections from subjects with severe myocarditis. The majority of IFN-γ-producing CD4(+) T cells responsive to a parasite lysate preparation were found to express CTLA-4 but considerably lower frequencies express LIR-1, irrespective of the clinical status of the donor. Conversely, few IFN-γ-producing T cells responsive to tetanus and diphtheria toxoids expressed CTLA-4 and LIR-1. Polyclonal stimulation with anti-CD3 antibodies induced higher frequencies of CD4(+)CTAL-4(+) T cells in patients with severe heart disease than in asymptomatic subjects. Ligation of CTLA-4 and LIR-1 with their agonistic antibodies, in vitro, reduces IFN-γ production. Conversely, CTLA-4 blockade did not improved IFN-γ production in response to T. cruzi antigens. Subjects with chronic T. cruzi infection had increased numbers of CD4(+)LIR-1(+) among total peripheral blood mononuclear cells, relative to uninfected individuals and these numbers decreased after treatment with benznidazole. CTLA-4 was also expressed by CD3(+) T lymphocytes infiltrating heart tissues from chronically infected subjects with severe myocarditis. These findings support the conclusion that persistent infection with T. cruzi leads to the upregulation of inhibitory receptors which could alter parasite specific T cell responses in the chronic phase of Chagas disease.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4/metabolismo , Doença de Chagas/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Coração/parasitologia , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Trypanosoma cruzi/patogenicidade , Adulto , Antígenos de Protozoários/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/parasitologia , Doença de Chagas/complicações , Doença de Chagas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Chagas/metabolismo , Doença Crônica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interferon gama/biossíntese , Receptor B1 de Leucócitos Semelhante a Imunoglobulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/complicações , Miocardite/imunologia , Miocardite/metabolismo , Nitroimidazóis/farmacologia , Nitroimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Especificidade da Espécie , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos , Trypanosoma cruzi/imunologia
20.
Cardiology ; 119(4): 191-6, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21986631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), the myocardial blood flow is markedly depressed. The presence of alterations in the number and length of the coronary microcirculation has not been explored. METHODS: In explanted hearts of 6 patients with IDCM and in 6 normal control hearts, the arteriolar length density and capillary numerical density were determined in sections stained with orcein (vessels 50-200 µm in diameter), for smooth muscle actin (vessels 6-50 µm in diameter) and CD34 (capillaries). RESULTS: No difference with normal hearts was observed in capillary numerical density and in length density of vessels above 50 µm in diameter. In IDCM, more than 50% of arterioles below 50 µm in diameter displayed an incomplete smooth muscle wall, and length density, especially for arterioles between 6 and 20 µm in diameter, was significantly lower (42.84 ± 8.51 mm/mm(3)) than in controls (75.34 ± 3.05 mm/mm(3), p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In IDCM, arterioles below 50 µm in diameter display an incomplete smooth muscle wall and a significant decrease in length density. These observations provide an anatomical basis for a decreased coronary flow reserve in IDCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Microcirculação/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Arteríolas/patologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença das Coronárias/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
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