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Dent Traumatol ; 35(2): 128-134, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466155


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dental trauma is the cause of several consequences to the injured tooth. However, the stresses and strains at adjacent teeth non-directly impacted as a possible cause of sequelae are still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution in incisors adjacent to an upper central incisor when it suffers a frontal impact in order to identify a potential explanation for sequelae in non-traumatized teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-dimensional (3D) finite element model of the maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines was created from a cone-beam scan of a patient with normal occlusion. Non-linear dynamic impact analysis was performed, simulating the right central incisor being impacted by a steel ball with a velocity of 10 m/s. A functional chewing load (100 N) on the palatal surface of the central incisor was simulated for comparison. Displacements, strains and modified von Mises stresses were calculated for the adjacent teeth. RESULTS: During impact on the central incisor, the adjacent teeth showed root displacement. Considerable stress concentrations were observed on the palatal surfaces, proximal and labial surfaces of teeth adjacent to the traumatized incisor. Stresses in the adjacent teeth were higher than stresses calculated during functional biting. Compressive stresses were concentrated at the proximal areas of the adjacent incisors. High levels of deformation were found in the root dentin of adjacent teeth during the traumatic event. CONCLUSIONS: A frontal impact on an anterior tooth generated stresses at the roots of adjacent teeth. These stresses may play a role in clinically observed sequelae of teeth adjacent to traumatized teeth.

Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Incisivo , Traumatismos Dentários , Humanos
Dent Traumatol ; 35(2): 101-108, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30561893


BACKGROUND/AIM: Dental trauma is a common emergency in children with primary teeth. The aim of this study was to determine stress propagation to the permanent tooth germ and surrounding bone and soft tissues during dental trauma to primary central incisors with three levels of physiological root resorption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Stresses were determined using finite element analysis (FEA). Cross-sectional models were created using cone-beam computed tomography images of 3.5, 5, and 6 years olds, representing three different physiological root resorption stages of a maxillary primary central incisor. The models included periodontal ligament, bone, and soft tissues. An impact with an asphalt block moving at 1 m/s,was simulated for two impact two directions, frontal on the labial tooth surface, and on the incisal edge. Stresses and strains were recorded during impact. RESULTS: The impact caused stress concentrations in the surrounding bone and soft tissues and permanent tooth germ, regardless of the direction of impact and the primary tooth resorption stage. Impact stresses in dental follicles and surrounding bone increased in models with more physiological root resorption of the primary tooth. Incisal impact generated higher stress concentrations in surrounding bone and soft tissues and permanent tooth germ regardless of physiological root resorption stage. The primary incisor with no physiological root resorption showed high stress concentrations at its root apex. CONCLUSION: During impact to a primary incisor, stresses most significant for potential damage to the formation of permanent enamel and dentin were at the dental follicle and surrounding bone tissue with the three levels of physiological root resorption.

Análise de Elementos Finitos , Reabsorção da Raiz , Germe de Dente , Dente Decíduo/lesões , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Maxila , Raiz Dentária