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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 514: 49-58, 2018 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29241078

RESUMO

Amino-functionalized core-shell magnetic nanoparticles have been covalently grafted with Polyoxometalates (POMs). These multifunctional nanocomposites have been obtained through the coupling of heteropolytungstate-based hybrids bearing carboxylic acid functions with aminopropyl functions that decorate the core-shell nanoparticles. The physical properties of the resulting materials have been studied by a large set of techniques. The very good nanostructuration of the POMs at the surface of the obtained nanoparticles have thus been directly observed by high-resolution transmission electronic microscopy (HR-TEM). Furthermore, the hyperthermia properties of these nanocomposites have been also considered as a function of the size of the magnetic core. Finally, the stability of these suspensions in organic media makes them particularly interesting in the frame of their processing or their potential use as nanocatalysts.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 45(42): 16653-16660, 2016 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27778004

RESUMO

Polyoxometalate (POM) chemistry has recently offered excellent examples of single ion magnets (SIMs) and molecular spin qubits. Compared with conventional coordination compounds, POMs provide rigid and highly symmetric coordination sites. However, all POM-based SIMs reported to date exhibit a very limited range of possibilities for chemical processability. We present herein two new families of POM-based SIMs which are soluble in organic solvents: [Ln(ß-Mo8O26)2]5- {LnIII = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Yb} and the functionalised POMs [Ln{Mo5O13(OMe)4NNC6H4-p-NO2}2]3- {LnIII = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb and Nd}. In addition, these two families represent the first SIMs based on polyoxomolybdates. A magneto-structural analysis of these families is presented, which is based on an effective crystal field model, and compared with the results reported in analogous lanthanoid SIMs based on polyoxotungstates.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 54(15): 7607-16, 2015 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26161980

RESUMO

Polyoxometalate (POM) hybrids have been covalently immobilized through the formation of amide bonds on several types of mesoporous silica. This work allows the comparison of three POM-based mesoporous systems, obtained with three different silica supports in which either the organic functions of the support (amine vs carboxylic acid) and/or the structure of the support itself (SBA-15 vs mesocellular foams (MCF)) were varied. The resulting POM-based mesoporous systems have been studied in particular by high resolution transmission electronic microscopy (HR-TEM) in order to characterize the nanostructuration of the POMs inside the pores/cells of the different materials. We thus have shown that the best distribution and loading in POMs have been reached with SBA-15 functionalized with aminopropyl groups. In this case, the formation of amide bonds in the materials has led to the nonaggregation of the POMs inside the channels of the SBA-15. The catalytic activity of the anchored systems has been evaluated through the epoxidation of cyclooctene and cyclohexene with H2O2 in acetonitrile. The reactivity of the different grafted POMs hybrids has been compared to that in solution (homogeneous conditions). Parallels can be drawn between the distribution of the POMs and the activity of the supported systems. Furthermore, recycling tests together with catalyst filtration experiments during the reaction allowed us to preclude the hypothesis of a significant leaching of the supported catalyst.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 52(6): 2958-65, 2013 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23441842

RESUMO

Covalent grafting of heteropolyanions hybrids B,α-[As(III)W9O33{P(O)(CH2CH2CO2H)}2](5-) on 3-aminopropyl functionalized SBA-15 has been achieved through the formation of peptide bonds. The covalent link has been confirmed by using IR and (13)C CP MAS NMR spectroscopies. Electrostatic interactions between carboxylate and protonated amines have been discarded on the basis of the retention of POMs after repeated washings of the resulting material by ionic liquid (bmimCl). This is the first example of anchored monovacant polyoxometalates (POM) in which nucleophilic oxygen atoms are still available after incorporation into mesoporous supports. Further characterization of the textural properties of grafted materials has shown that they still retain an important mesoporosity, which is compatible with their potential use in heterogeneous catalysis. Such systems are thus interesting candidates for the preparation of anchored homogeneous catalysts in which the POMs would play the role of polydentate inorganic ligands for the active centers.

5.
Chem Soc Rev ; 41(22): 7605-22, 2012 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22782306

RESUMO

Polyoxometalates (POMs) have remarkable properties and a great deal of potential to meet contemporary societal demands regarding health, environment, energy and information technologies. However, implementation of POMs in various functional architectures, devices or materials requires a processing step. Most developments have considered the exchange of POM counterions in an electrostatically driven approach: immobilization of POMs on electrodes and other surfaces including oxides, embedding in polymers, incorporation into Layer-by-Layer assemblies or Langmuir-Blodgett films and hierarchical self-assembly of surfactant-encapsulated POMs have thus been thoroughly investigated. Meanwhile, the field of organic-inorganic POM hybrids has expanded and offers the opportunity to explore the covalent approach for the organization or immobilization of POMs. In this critical review, we focus on the use of POM hybrids in selected fields of applications such as catalysis, energy conversion and molecular nanosciences and we endeavor to discuss the impact of the covalent approach compared to the electrostatic one. The synthesis of organic-inorganic POM hybrids starting from bare POMs, that is the direct functionalization of POMs, is well documented and reliable and efficient synthetic procedures are available. However, as the complexity of the targeted functional system increases a multi-step strategy relying on the post-functionalization of preformed hybrid POM platforms could prove more appealing. In the second part of this review, we thus survey the synthetic methodologies of post-functionalization of POMs and critically discuss the opportunities it offers compared to direct functionalization.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 50(4): 1164-6, 2011 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21155581

RESUMO

The coordination properties of vacant bisphosphonate derivatives of polyoxometalates, with easily tunable functions, have been explored. The preparation and crystallographic structure of their La(3+) and Zr(4+) complexes are described herein.

7.
Chemistry ; 15(39): 10233-43, 2009 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19739211

RESUMO

Reaction of the divacant polyoxometalate K(8)[gamma-XW(10)O(36)] (X = Si, Ge) with two equivalents of the metal-nitrido precursor Cs(2)[Ru(VI)NCl(5)], at room temperature in water, produces K(2)(Me(2)NH(2))(2)H(2)[gamma-XW(10)O(38){RuN}(2)], X = Si (DMA-1 a) or Ge (DMA-1 b). The X-ray crystal structures of both complexes show monomeric complexes with highly unusual vicinal terminal metal-nitrido units. The Ru[triple bond]N bond lengths are 1.594(10) and 1.612(11) A in 1 a and 1 b, respectively. EXAFS studies confirmed the key structural assignments from X-ray crystallography. The XANES spectrum of DMA-1 a, diamagnetism, NMR ((29)Si and (183)W) chemical shifts, voltammetric behavior, reductive titrations with [PW(12)O(40)](4-), and computational data are all consistent with d(2) Ru(VI) centers in these complexes. The FT-IR and Raman spectra show the expected vibrational modes of the {gamma-XW(10)} unit and the Ru[triple bond]N stretch at 1080 cm(-1), respectively. Interestingly, reduction of DMA-1 a by 4 equivalents of [PW(12)O(40)](4-) produces NH(3) in nearly quantitative yield. Cyclic voltammetry versus pH and calculations provide the energetics for the possible two-electron reduction and two-proton addition processes in this reaction.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 48(19): 9436-43, 2009 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19711901

RESUMO

The nitrido derivative (n-Bu(4)N)(4)[PW(11)O(39)Ru(VI)N] transfers its nitrogen atom to triphenylphosphine to give quantitatively the bis(triphenylphosphane)iminium cation [Ph(3)PNPPh(3)](+). An intermediate can be prepared by the reaction of a single molecule of triphenylphosphine with the polyoxometalate, the iminophosphorane derivative (n-Bu(4)N)(3)[PW(11)O(39)Ru(V){NPPh(3)}]. The reactivity of the latter species has been investigated to complete the general scheme of the nitrogen-transfer reaction. By the addition of 1 equiv of hydroxide, [PW(11)O(39)Ru(III){N(OH)PPh(3)}](4-) is obtained. The reaction can be reversed by the addition of one proton. The phosphinoxime derivative [PW(11)O(39)Ru(III){N(OH)PPh(3)}](4-) can be prepared in solution but is unstable. It decomposes to yield quantitatively (n-Bu(4)N)(4)[PW(11)O(39)Ru(III){OPPh(3)}]. All of those species have been thoroughly characterized by mass spectrometry, paramagnetic (31)P NMR, IR, Raman, UV-visible, XANES, and EXAFS spectroscopies.

9.
Chemphyschem ; 8(18): 2636-42, 2007 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18058778

RESUMO

We use polyoxometalates as precursors for the preparation of heterogeneous catalysts. In the starting molecular precursor [{Ru(C6Me6)}(2)Mo5O18{Ru(C6Me6)(H2O)}], three ruthenium arene fragments are supported on a formally lacunary Lindqvist-type polyoxomolybdate. This species was introduced by incipient wetness impregnation into the porosity of a SBA-15-type mesoporous silica. The evolution of the system under reducing atmosphere is followed by several methods, such as temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), Raman, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The results indicate that the polyoxometalate structure is retained after grafting on silica and allows the stabilization of Ru(0) nanoparticles after reduction. The resulting system exhibits interesting catalytic activity in benzene hydrogenation.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Molibdênio/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Rutênio/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Benzeno/química , Catálise , Físico-Química/métodos , Análise de Fourier , Hidrogênio/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Conformação Molecular , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Temperatura
10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 129(22): 7127-35, 2007 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17497865

RESUMO

The ruthenium-nitrido POM derivative [PW11O39{RuVIN}]4- has been synthesized by reaction between [PW11O39]7- and [RuVINCl5]2- or [RuVINCl4]-. Its molecular structure has been confirmed from multinuclear 31P and 183W NMR spectroscopy together with an EXAFS study, while the oxidation state of the ruthenium bearing the nitrido ligand has been inferred both from 183W NMR and XANES analysis at the Ru-K edge. The potential of [PW11O39{RuVIN}]4- in N-atom transfer reactions has been demonstrated through reaction with triphenylphosphine, which ultimately leads to the release of the bis(triphenylphosphane)iminium cation [PPh3=N=PPh3]+ through several intermediates, among which the phosphoraniminato derivative [PW11O39{RuVNPh3}]3- has been structurally characterized. Its unusual oxidation state is in accordance with its EPR spectrum.

11.
J Phys Chem A ; 110(19): 6345-55, 2006 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16686471

RESUMO

New Ru(II) and Os(II) derivatives of the monovacant [alpha-PW(11)O(39)](7-) anion ([PW(11)O(39){M(DMSO)(3)(H(2)O)}](5-) (M = Ru (1), Os (2)) and [PW(11)O(39){Os(eta(6)-p-cym)(H(2)O)}](5-) (3)) have been synthesized and characterized. The binding mode of the d(6)-{M(II)L(3)(H(2)O)}(2+) moieties in these compounds is similar to that in the previously described [PW(11)O(39){Ru(eta(6)-p-cym)(H(2)O)}](5-) (4) complex: bidentate, on two nonequivalent oxygen atoms of the lacuna, leading to a loss of the C(s) symmetry of the parent anion, which thus plays the role of a prochiral bidentate ligand. The density functional theory (DFT) (B3PW91) computation of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals of the {ML(3)(H(2)O)}(2+) (M = Os, Ru; L(3) = fac-(DMSO)(3), eta(6)-C(6)H(6)) fragments reveals the similarities between their electrophilic properties. The origin of the regioselectivity of the grafting was investigated through a DFT (B3PW91) analysis of (i) the highest occupied molecular orbital of [alpha-PW(11)O(39)](7-) and (ii) the relative energies of the different potential regioisomers obtained by a bidentate grafting of the {ML(3)(H(2)O)}(2+) moiety onto the lacuna of [alpha-PW(11)O(39)](7-). The role of the water ligand in the stabilization of this peculiar structure was studied.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 45(5): 1915-23, 2006 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16499352

RESUMO

The synthesis and characterization of a series of mixed W-Zr polynuclear Lindqvist-type complexes, deriving from hexatungstate [W6O19]2-, are described in this work. This family of compounds is built from {W5O18Zr}2- moieties as shown by the X-ray structures of the monomeric [W5O18Zr(H2O)(3-n)(DMSO)n]2- (n = 1 and 2) and dimeric [{W5O18Zr(mu-OH)}2]6- anions. A comprehensive spectroscopic study (183W NMR, FTIR, Raman, EXAFS, and EPR) of these compounds is presented. The goal of incorporating Zr(IV) cations into an oxotungstic core is to obtain spectroscopic models that could mimic the interactions that develop in supported catalysts between the active phase and the supporting oxide. This work tends to show that these molecular compounds can be regarded as soluble structural analogues of WOx/ZrO2 catalysts, which are interesting candidates for the skeletal isomerization of light n-alkanes.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (44): 5524-6, 2005 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16358050

RESUMO

The easy synthesis of [Sb2W20O70{Ru(p-cymene)}2](10-) by the reaction between the organometallic precursor [Ru(p-cymene)Cl2]2 and [Sb2W20O70]14-, formed in situ, confirms the importance of the organometallic route to well defined ruthenium(+II)-substituted heteropolytungstates.

14.
Chemistry ; 10(1): 208-17, 2004 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14695565

RESUMO

Reactions of the molybdates Na(2)MoO4.2 H2O and (nBu(4)N)2[Mo2O7] with [[Ru(arene)Cl(2)](2)] (arene=C(6)H5CH3, 1,3,5-C6H3(CH3)(3), 1,2,4,5-C6H2(CH3)4) in water or organic solvents led to formation of the triple-cubane organometallic oxides [[Ru(eta(6)-arene)](4)Mo4O16], whose crystal and molecular structures were determined. Refluxing triple cubane [[Ru(eta(6)-C6H5CH3)](4)Mo4O16] in methanol caused partial isomerization to the windmill form. The two isomers of [[Ru(eta(6)-C6H5CH3)](4)Mo4O16] were characterized by Raman and Mo K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), both in the solid-state and in solution. This triple-cubane isomer was also used as a spectroscopic model to account for isomerization of the p-cymene windmill [[Ru(eta(6)-1,4-CH3C6H4CH(CH3)2)](4)Mo4O16] in solution. Using both Raman and XAS techniques, we were then able to determine the ratio between the windmill and triple-cubane isomers in dichloromethane and in chloroform. Density functional calculations on [[Ru(eta(6)-arene)](4)Mo4O16] (arene=C6H6, C6H5CH3, 1,3,5-C6H3(CH3)3, 1,4-CH3C6H4CH(CH3)2, C6(CH3)6) suggest that the windmill form is intrinsically more stable, provided the complexes are assumed to be isolated. Intramolecular electrostatic interactions and steric bulk induced by substituted arenes were found to modulate but not to reverse the energy difference between the isomers. The stability of the triple-cubane isomers should therefore be accounted for by effects of the surroundings that induce a shift in the energy balance between both forms.

15.
Chemistry ; 9(9): 1982-90, 2003 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12740845

RESUMO

The reactions of neutral or cationic manganese carbonyl species towards the oxo-nitrosyl complex [Na(MeOH)[Mo(5)O(13)(OCH(3))(4)(NO)]](2-) have been investigated in various conditions. This system provides an unique opportunity for probing the basic reactions involved in the preparation of solid oxide-supported heterogeneous catalysts, that is, mobility of transition-metal species at the surface and dissolution-precipitation of the support. Under nitrogen and in the dark, the reaction of in situ generated fac-[Mn(CO)(3)](+) species with (nBu(4)N)(2)[Na(MeOH)-[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)]] in MeOH yields (nBu(4)N)(2)[Mn(CO)(3)(H(2)O)[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)]] at room temperature, while (nBu(4)N)(3)[Na[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)](2)[Mn(CO)(3)](2)] is obtained under reflux. The former transforms into the latter under reflux in methanol in the presence of sodium bromide; this involves the migration of the fac-[Mn(CO)(3)](+) moiety from a basal kappa(2)O coordination site to a lateral kappa(3)O site. Oxidation and decarbonylation of manganese carbonyl species as well as degradation of the oxonitrosyl starting material and reaggregation of oxo(methoxo)molybdenum fragments occur in non-deareated MeOH, and both (nBu(4)N)(4)[Mn(H(2)O)(2)[Mo(5)O(16)(OMe)(2)](2)[Mn(CO)(3)](2)] and (nBu(4)N)(4)[Mn(H(2)O)(2)[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)](2)] as well as (nBu(4)N)(2)[MnBr[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)]] have been obtained in this way. The rhenium analogue (nBu(4)N)(2)[Re(CO)(3)(H(2)O)[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)]] has also been synthesized. The crystal structures of (nBu(4)N)(2)[Re(CO)(3)(H(2)O)[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)]], (nBu(4)N)(3)[Na[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)](2)[Mn(CO)(3)](2)], (nBu(4)N)(4)[Mn(H(2)O)(2)[Mo(5)O(16)(OMe)(2)](2)[Mn(CO)(3)](2)], (nBu(4)N)(4)[Mn(H(2)O)(2)[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)](2)] and (nBu(4)N)(2)[MnBr[Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)]] have been determined.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 38(22): 4981-4985, 1999 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11671240

RESUMO

The oxo-nitrosyl compound (n-Bu(4)N)(2)[{Na(MeOH)}Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)].3MeOH reacts with various nickel(II) salts in methanol to give (n-Bu(4)N)(2)[{Ni(MeOH)(2)}(2){Mo(NO)}(2)(&mgr;(3)-OH)(2)(&mgr;-OMe)(4){Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)}(2)], which has been characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and magnetic susceptibility measurements. This reaction shows the dual behavior of the defect Lindqvist-type species [Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)](3)(-), which can act both as a ligand and as a source of the {Mo(NO)}(3+) unit. Furthermore, the reaction is reminiscent of the dissolution-precipitation of oxide supports in the preparation of supported catalysts and provides a novel illustration of the potential of polyoxometalates for probing the reactivity of oxides. The new polyoxomolybdate is made of a central rhomb-like {Ni(2)Mo(2)} cluster linked to two terminal [Mo(5)O(13)(OMe)(4)(NO)](3)(-) units, each terminal cluster being linked to a molybdenum center of the central unit through two oxo ligands. The two Ni(II) ions are coupled in a ferromagnetic way (J = 13.1 cm(-)(1)).

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