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2.
Clin Endosc ; 52(2): 196-200, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408946

RESUMO

The pancreatoduodenal groove is a small area where pathologic processes involving the distal bile duct, duodenum, pancreatic head, ampulla of Vater, and retroperitoneum converge. Despite great advances in imaging techniques, a definitive preoperative diagnosis is challenging because of the complex anatomy of this area. Therefore, surgical intervention is frequently required because of the inability to completely exclude malignancy.
We report 3 cases of patients with different groove pathologies but similar clinical and imaging presentation, and show the essential role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in making a specific preoperative diagnosis, excluding malignancy in the first case, changing diagnosis in the second case, and confirming malignancy in the third case. EUS was a fundamental tool in this cohort of patients, not only because of its ability to provide superior visualization of a difficult anatomical region, but because of the ability to guide precise, realtime procedures, such as fine-needle aspiration.

3.
Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam ; 46(1): 22-29, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29470880

RESUMO

Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is an acquired protrusion of the esophageal wall. Treatment is reservedfor symptomatic cases. In Argentina, ZD has historically managed exclusively by surgical intervention. In 1995, Ishioka, et al and Mulder, et a1published their experience using flexible endoscopes for diverticulotomy. Since then, a wide variety ofdifferent techniques have been published. Objetive. To present technique modifications and results ofour center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the database of57patients (36 men), with a mean age of 71.9 years (range 37-98), with symptomatic Zenker ' diverticulum, who underwent endoscopic myotomy, from December 1997 to April 2015. All procedures were performed in our center, by the same endoscopist (HM). The most common symptom was dysphagia (94.7%), which was recorded by a 0-4 score (0=no dysphagia, 1 =solids, 2=semisolids, 3=liquids, 4=saliva). The first nine cases were done exposing the septum with a nasogastric tube, and the others with a soft diverticuloscope. Allprocedures were carried out with the patient under deep sedation, adminis- tered by an anesthesiologist. A myotomy was done in all cases with a needle-knife, using a coagulation current, to prevent bleeding. Clips were placed to close mucosalilaps, decrease the risk of unsuspected perforation and postprocedure bleeding. RESULTS: Seventy procedures were performed, in 56 patients. One patient was excluded because of incomplete myotomy due to a severe adverse event. Ninety-eight percent ofpatients had resolution or improvement of the dysphagia score, at 30 days. Three patients with regurgitation as their sole complaint completely resolved their symptom. Median follow-up was 25 months (1-99). Thirty-seven patients were followed for at least 1 year and 97.3% showed a favorable outcome. In 13 cases (22.8%) a reintervention was needed, with positive results in all cases. Bleeding occurred in one patient (1.4%), who required surgery. Another patient required surgical intervention due to technical issues. There were no perforations or infections. CONCLUSION: Treatment of ZD with flexible endoscope is a safe and effective option, with good long-term results. We need randomized clinical trials comparing different therapeutic options to be able to recommend a definitive strategy. Until then, we suggest using the technique with which each center has the most experience and feels most comfortable performing.


Assuntos
Endoscópios , Esofagoscopia/instrumentação , Divertículo de Zenker/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina , Esofagoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam ; 44(2): 125-8, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25199307

RESUMO

This case report describes a 37-year-old woman who develops an intraparenchymal hepatic haematoma after an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with papillotomy and stone extraction. The procedure requires the passage of a guidewire. The patient develops acute abdominal pain 72 hours later and a magnetic resonance shows a hematoma of 124 x 93 mm. She remains under observation. Twenty one days later she complains of upper right abdominal pain and fever. Consequently, a percutaneous drainage is performed isolating Citrobacter freundii and Klebsiella pneumoniae BLEE. The patient has a good evolution.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Coinfecção/microbiologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/etiologia , Hematoma/microbiologia , Hepatopatias/microbiologia , Adulto , Citrobacter freundii , Feminino , Humanos , Klebsiella pneumoniae
5.
Acta gastroenterol. latinoam ; 44(2): 125-8, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1157440

RESUMO

This case report describes a 37-year-old woman who develops an intraparenchymal hepatic haematoma after an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with papillotomy and stone extraction. The procedure requires the passage of a guidewire. The patient develops acute abdominal pain 72 hours later and a magnetic resonance shows a hematoma of 124 x 93 mm. She remains under observation. Twenty one days later she complains of upper right abdominal pain and fever. Consequently, a percutaneous drainage is performed isolating Citrobacter freundii and Klebsiella pneumoniae BLEE. The patient has a good evolution.

6.
Acta Gastroenterol. Latinoam. ; 44(2): 125-8, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-133452

RESUMO

This case report describes a 37-year-old woman who develops an intraparenchymal hepatic haematoma after an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with papillotomy and stone extraction. The procedure requires the passage of a guidewire. The patient develops acute abdominal pain 72 hours later and a magnetic resonance shows a hematoma of 124 x 93 mm. She remains under observation. Twenty one days later she complains of upper right abdominal pain and fever. Consequently, a percutaneous drainage is performed isolating Citrobacter freundii and Klebsiella pneumoniae BLEE. The patient has a good evolution.

7.
Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam ; 42(1): 27-32, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22616494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success of the treatment with cyanoacrylate in primary hemostasis, rebleeding, and gastric varices eradication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study 65 patients with gastric varices treated with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl) were included from January 1999 to January 2008. We used a solution of 0,5 mL of cyanoacrylate and 0.9 mL of lipiodol, utilizing an average of 3.46 mL of this mixture per session (range 1 to 6 mL). Sclerosing needles of 21 gauge were used. Patients were sedated. Data were analyzed using a chi-squared test. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients were included, 42 men and 23 women with an average age of 53.8 years (range 18 to 76 years). The etiology of the portal hypertension (PH) was cirrhosis in 52 patients (80%), prehepatic PH in 7 (10.8%), and segmentary PH in 3 (4.6%), and non-classified in 3 (4.6%). Cirrhotic patients were classified as Child A in 21 cases, Child B in 25 and Child C in 6. According to the Sarin classification, 7 patients had gastric-oesophageal varices (GOV) type 1, 32 GOV2, 8 GOV1 and 2, and 8 isolated gastric varices (IGV) type 1. Fifty-six patients (86%) presented active bleeding or stigmata of recent bleeding at time of initial endoscopy. Primary hemostasis was achieved in 50 of them (89%) and the remaining 6 required a second session. Eleven patients presented rebleeding within the following 6 weeks and were again treated with cyanoacrylate. Hemostasis was achieved in 8 of them, 2 were referred for surgical management, and 1 received endovascular treatment. Follow-up was able in 53 patients for an average period of 11 months (range 1 to 81 months). During this period, 7 patients presented an episode ofrebleeding and were treated with cyanoacrylate, achieving hemostasis. Eradication of varices was documented on 21 patients (39.6%). The global rate of rebleeding was 37%. One patient developed splenic vein thrombosis as a major complication of treatment. CONCLUSION: Definitive hemostasis was achieved in 94.6% of patients, with primary hemostasis in 89%. The global rate of rebleeding was 37% and the rate of major complications associated with treatment 0.6%. Eradication of gastric varices was achieved in 35.8% of cases. As these data show, it can be concluded that butyl-cyanoacrylate constitutes an effective method for the treatment of gastric variceal bleeding.


Assuntos
Embucrilato/administração & dosagem , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/terapia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Soluções Esclerosantes/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am ; 17(3): 533-44, vi-vii, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17640581

RESUMO

Malignant gastric outlet obstruction is a complication of advanced pancreatic cancer, manifesting endoscopically or radiographically as a stricture of the proximal duodenum. Until recently, management consisted of surgical gastroenteric bypass with or without associated biliary bypass. Over the past decade, the endoscopic deployment of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) emerged as a new option for restoration of enteric patency. Compared with surgical bypass, SEMS placement is less invasive with good clinical outcomes. Aside from SEMS placement and surgical bypass, recent reports of magnetic gastroenteric anastamosis have emerged. This article critically examines each of the different therapeutic options for malignant gastric outlet obstruction, defines their clinical utility, and provides the exact recommendations as to how they may be usefully employed.


Assuntos
Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/cirurgia , Humanos , Stents
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