Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 182
Filtrar
1.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In women seronegative before pregnancy, cCMV related sequelae are exclusively seen in those infected in the first trimester of pregnancy. Up to 30% of infected neonates following maternal primary infection in the first trimester suffer long-term sequelae. Maternal parity is an established risk factor of cCMV in previously seronegative women. OBJECTIVE: to quantify the risk of cCMV and related sequelae following primary infection in the first trimester in subsequent pregnancies in a population of women seronegative at their first pregnancy. METHODS: 739 women seronegative at their first pregnancy had at least one of 971 subsequent pregnancies and deliveries managed at our institution. All women had CMV IgG and IgM testing at 11-14 weeks' of each pregnancy. RESULTS: 15.6% (115/739) of women seroconverted between 2 consecutive pregnancies. 29% (33/115) of seroconversions occurred in the periconceptional period or in the first trimester. The risks for cCMV and related sequelae (neurologic and/or hearing loss) following maternal infection in the first trimester were respectively 24 and 6-fold higher (RR [95%CI] =24 [10.8-62.3] and 6 [1.5-24]) than the general pregnant population. 88% (29/33) and 92% (11/12) of, respectively, all primary maternal infections and fetal infections in the 1st trimester occurred when the inter-pregnancy interval was ≤2 years. CONCLUSION: Women seronegative at their first pregnancy with a subsequent pregnancy within 2 years have the highest risk of delivering a child with cCMV-related sequelae. These women should be made aware of the risk and given the opportunity of serology screening in the first trimester.

3.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; : 1-10, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In utero therapeutic approaches for lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) have been developed to salvage the fetal kidney function. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to report the long-term survival, nephrological, and urological outcome of children treated prenatally for LUTO using operative fetal cystoscopy (FC) and vesicoamniotic shunting (VAS) or both. METHODS: A retrospective study of 48 procedures (23 FC, 25 VAS) was performed on 33 patients (between 2008 and 2018). Reviewed data included prenatal management and clinical follow-up by a pediatric nephrologist and a pediatric urologist. Both intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses were conducted. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 3.6 years (0.5-7) for FC and 2.5 years (1.1-5.1) for VAS. There was no difference between FC and VAS in terms of survival (92 vs. 83%, p = 1), complication rate (74 vs. 92%, p = 0.88), or chronic kidney disease (58 vs. 50%, p = 1). The number of procedures was higher in the VAS group: 1.7 (1-3) versus 1.1 (1-2), p = 0.01. With a 30% rate of technical failure, FC added diagnostic value in 3 out of 21 cases. CONCLUSIONS: No difference was found between FC and VAS regarding survival, long-term kidney function, or urological outcome. Despite overly optimistic reports on FC, it lacks reproducibility due to posterior-urethra inadequate visualization and inappropriate instrumentation.

4.
Prenat Diagn ; 39(11): 1026-1034, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common congenital anomalies caused by a complex interaction of many genetic and environmental factors. In about 10% of cases, NTDs are associated with genetic syndromes or chromosomal anomalies. Among these, SOX3 duplication has been reported in some isolated cases. The phenotype associated with this microduplication is variable and includes myelomeningocele (MMC) in both sexes as well as hypopituitarism and cognitive impairment in males. In order to determine the prevalence of this anomaly in fetuses with MMC, a retrospective cohort of fetuses with MMC was analyzed by quantitative PCR (qPCR) targeting SOX3 locus. METHODS: The detection of an SOX3 microduplication by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) in two female fetuses with MMC prompted us to analyze retrospectively by qPCR this gene in a cohort of 53 fetuses with MMC. RESULTS: In addition to our two initial cases, one fetus harboring an Xq27.1q28 duplication that encompasses the SOX3 gene was detected. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that SOX3 duplication is a genomic imbalance involved in the pathogenesis of NTDs. In addition, our survey highlights the importance of CMA testing in fetuses with NTDs to enable genetic counseling upstream of any considerations of in utero fetal surgery.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inadequacy between currently available fetoscopes and anatomical constraints of the fetal bladder account for most technical difficulties during fetal cystoscopies (FC) in lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO). The aim of this anatomical study was to assess by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the variations in three bladder angles (bladder-neck angle (BNA), vesicourethral angle (VUA), dome-urethra angle (DUA)) with gestational age (GA), bladder volume or the presence of LUTO. METHODS: 46 MRIs of male fetuses (17 LUTO at 28.1 weeks [17.3-35] and 29 controls at 29.9 weeks [21.9-35] matched for GA) were reviewed. Mann-Whitney's test was used to compare angle values between groups. Variations according to GA and bladder volume were determined using ANOVA. A reliability study was performed using Bland-Altman's method and Lin's correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The BNA was higher in LUTO fetuses: 127.1° [101.6-161.6] versus 111.2° [88.5-157.3]), p<0.01. There was no difference in the DUA, p=0.92. No statistical analysis was conducted on the VUA since it was not measurable in most control fetuses. Variance analysis showed no variation of the three angles with bladder volume in LUTO (BNA: p=1.21, VUA: p=0.65, DUA: p=0.08) and in control fetuses (BNA: p=1.22, DUA: p=0.92). The BNA in LUTO fetuses was the only angle to vary with GA and was higher after 25 weeks (p=0.04). Reliability study showed an acceptable bias for both intra- and inter-investigator reproducibility for all three angles. Surgical difficulties could be anticipated from virtual MRI cystoscopy. CONCLUSION: The BNA is approximately 15° higher in LUTO fetuses and the angle between the posterior urethra and the bladder axis averages 117°. The development of a customized fetal cystoscope should help overcome the current technical challenges of FC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(3): e191062, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924894

RESUMO

Importance: Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) using cell-free DNA in maternal blood is increasingly common compared with invasive testing (IT) in routine antenatal detection of Down syndrome (DS). Objective: To assess attitudes and decision making in pregnant women facing a risk of fetal DS greater than 1 in 250 as established by combined first trimester screening at 11 to 14 weeks of gestation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Survey study in which data were collected from pregnant women at high risk of fetal DS participating in a randomized clinical trial. Data were collected from April 8, 2014, to April 7, 2016, in 57 prenatal diagnosis centers in France. Data were analyzed in 2018. Interventions: Data on attitudes were collected prior to offering randomization between NIPT and IT, whereas data on decision making and test results were collected as part of the clinical trial. Main Outcome and Measures: The primary outcome related to attitudes. A hierarchical cluster analysis was conducted to identify clusters with contrasting attitudes. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with attitudes. Results: All 2436 consecutive women to whom the study was proposed (mean [SD] age, 36.3 [5.0] years) answered the questionnaire: 515 (21.1%) expressed preference toward IT with complete karyotyping, whereas 1843 (75.7%) favored NIPT with almost certain but limited information. Hierarchical cluster analysis yielded 4 different clusters that mainly differed in attitudes toward risk taking and extent of information seeking. Factors likely associated with attitudes driven by risk aversion were mostly age and religious beliefs (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.03; 95% CI, 1.00-1.05; P = .03 and aOR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.29-2.04; P < .001, respectively), whereas higher nuchal translucency measurements by ultrasonography were associated with attitudes driven by ambiguity aversion (aOR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.27-2.20; P < .001). For attitudes involving both risk and ambiguity aversion at different extents, lower education was associated with highly valuing all possibilities of getting information on pregnancy, whereas higher education was associated with highly valuing information on fetal DS as a primary concern (aOR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.44-0.67; P < .001 and aOR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.20-1.74; P < .001, respectively). In all, decision making was in line with attitudes. Conclusions and Relevance: Aversion to risk of fetal loss related to IT and aversion to ambiguity generated by incomplete information from NIPT played a major role in shaping attitudes and decision making. Informed decision making should require pregnant women at high risk of DS to receive extensive information on targeted abnormalities by both tests.

9.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 46(4): 246-256, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726851

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to review the perioperative complication rates and neonatal outcomes after fetoscopic release of amniotic bands that caused bilateral limb constrictions. We present 5 cases of limb constriction by amniotic bands occurring spontaneously or following fetoscopic surgery and also include a review of 21 previously published cases. The cases were analyzed for indication, surgical technique, and postoperative follow-up. In our population and the literature, the majority of the children acquired a functional limb (75%), with few perioperative complications (15%). Fetal morbidity was mainly linked to the consequences of preterm premature rupture of the membranes (38.4%) and preterm birth (34.7 GW). The mortality rate was low (7.7%). This review only describes amniotic bands causing limb constriction, and illustrates that fetoscopic surgery for their release is technically feasible with an acceptable perioperative complication rate. However, the 75% success rate is very likely to be an overestimation of the true success rate. In view of these observations we cannot recommend treatment for cases where the fetus has been extensively affected by the bands. We believe, however, that we could consider this technique for a fraction of amniotic band syndrome cases isolated to the limb constrictions. This kind of surgery should be proposed as a potential treatment for amniotic band syndrome.

10.
Clin Infect Dis ; 69(9): 1526-1532, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30596974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The known relationship between the gestational age at maternal primary infection an the outcome of congenital CMV is based on small, retrospective studies conducted between 1980 and 2011. They reported that 32% and 15% of cases had sequelae following a maternal primary infection in the first and second or the third trimester, respectively. We aimed to revisit this relationship prospectively between 2011 and 2017, using accurate virological tools. METHODS: We collected data on women with a primary infection and an infected child aged at least 1 year at the time of analysis. An accurate determination of the timing of the primary infection was based upon serial measurements of immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG and on IgG avidity in sera collected at each trimester. The case outcome was assessed according to a structured follow-up between birth and 48 months. RESULTS: We included 255 women and their 260 fetuses/neonates. The dating of the maternal infection was prospective in 86% of cases and retrospective in 14%. At a median follow-up of 24 months, the proportion of sensorineural hearing loss and/or neurologic sequelae were 32.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 23.72-42.09) after a maternal primary infection in the first trimester, 0 (95% CI 0-6.49) after an infection in the second trimester, and 0 (95% CI 0-11.95) after an infection in the third trimester (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a cytomegalovirus infection can be severe only when the virus hits the fetus in the embryonic or early fetal period. Recent guidelines recommend auditory follow-ups for at least 5 years for all infected children. This raises parental anxiety and generates significant costs. We suggest that auditory and specialized neurologic follow-ups may be recommended only in cases of a maternal infection in the first trimester.

11.
Ultraschall Med ; 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30360009

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) To determine how the number of ultrasound scans a trainee has completed predicts the trainee's diagnostic accuracy when performing transvaginal ultrasound examinations, and (2) to examine the utility of simulation-based assessment of ultrasound competence for determining readiness for independently performing examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 101 OB/GYN trainees were surveyed regarding their clinical experience and the number of scans they had completed. All participants completed five different cases on a transvaginal virtual-reality ultrasound simulator (Scantrainer, Medaphor). The participants' diagnostic accuracy was recorded and expert raters evaluated their performance using the Objective Structured Assessment of Ultrasound Skills (OSAUS) scale. The utility of simulation-based assessments was assessed with respect to reliability, validity, acceptability, and costs. The main outcome was diagnostic accuracy for five different ultrasound cases. RESULTS: Although the number of scans was associated with diagnostic accuracy (p = 0.006), it was a poor predictor (AUC 0.69) of diagnostic accuracy. Only 56.6 % (n = 34) of participants who had more than 100 transvaginal scans demonstrated a diagnostic accuracy of 0.80 or above. The reliability of the OSAUS assessments was high (ICC 0.82) and the majority of participants supported the use of simulation-based assessments for future licensing exams (70.3 %). The running costs of simulation-based assessments (154 EUR per participant) were lower than for practical examinations using real patients. CONCLUSION: The number of completed ultrasound scans was a poor predictor of the trainees' diagnostic accuracy. Instead, simulation-based assessments can be used to ensure that trainees are ready for independently performing future scans.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30309793

RESUMO

Cervical length (CL) measured by transvaginal ultrasound examination (TVUE) best identifies the risk for preterm birth (PTB). It identifies women at risk who can benefit from corticosteroids or in utero transfer. Early screening improves effectiveness of tocolysis. It reduces iatrogenicity and cost. In preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), CL is devoid of infectious risk and predicts duration of the latency phase but not the risk of perinatal sepsis. Asymptomatic women at risk should be screened at a 2-week interval starting from 16 to 18 weeks, up to 24 weeks. CLs <10th centile are at risk of PTB, especially with decrease in CL after 16 weeks. Repeat ultrasound improves predictive values. Stable CL calls for term delivery. Funneling does not improve predictivity of CL. In twin pregnancies, CL reduces unnecessary interventions. In symptomatic women, fetal fibronectin performs less than CL. Its combination with inconclusive CL has not emerged productive through randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and studies with homogeneous management for preterm labor (PTL) suggest that up to 15% of unjustified hospitalizations and treatment could be avoided.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251283

RESUMO

The Pierre Robin Sequence can be associated with various different syndromes in which Stickler Syndrome is the most frequent. The prenatal diagnosis of this syndrome is rare, however, early diagnosis would aid the antenatal counselling of such couples thereby allowing them to make an informed choice regarding their further management. Consequently, we propose the use of three-dimensional ultrasound and three-dimensional helical computer tomography for suspected cases of Stickler syndrome to complement standard ultrasound to reach the diagnosis. This case illustrates that both 3D-ultrasound and 3D-HCT enhanced our diagnostic capability of a Stickler syndrome phenotype prior to molecular confirmation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Prenat Diagn ; 38(12): 964-970, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30207389

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Because the literature on the predictive value of fetal urinalysis is controversial in fetuses with lower urinary tract obstruction, we determined the best model of fetal urine biochemical markers correlated with long-term postnatal renal function based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR). METHOD: This retrospective study concerned 89 fetuses with lower urinary tract obstruction and their renal function after 10 years of age. We correlated fetal urine biochemical markers (total protein, ß2-microglobulin, sodium, chloride, glucose, calcium, and phosphorus) with GFR at 10 to 30 years of age in 89 patients with posterior urethral valves. We defined five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). RESULTS: Of the 89 patients, 18 (20%) are 20 years old or over. Postnatal renal function was good in 67.4% (GFR > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and poor in 17% (GFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ). All fetal urine markers differed between CKD stage 1 + 2 and CKD stage 4 + 5 (P < 0.001). ß2-microblobulin showed an 87% sensitivity for a 72% specificity. A combination of ß2-microglobulin and chloride gave the best results (93% sensitivity and 71% specificity) versus amniotic fluid volume (80% sensitivity and 73% specificity). CONCLUSION: Fetal urine biochemistry predicts long-term (10-30 years) postnatal renal function.

15.
JAMA ; 320(6): 557-565, 2018 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30120476

RESUMO

Importance: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) tests are increasingly being offered to women in the first trimester of pregnancies at a high risk of trisomy 21 to decrease the number of required invasive fetal karyotyping procedures and their associated miscarriages. The effect of this strategy has not been evaluated. Objective: To compare the rates of miscarriage following invasive procedures only in the case of positive cfDNA test results vs immediate invasive testing procedures (amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling) in women with pregnancies at high risk of trisomy 21 as identified by first-trimester combined screening. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial conducted from April 8, 2014, to April 7, 2016, in 57 centers in France among 2111 women with pregnancies with a risk of trisomy 21 between 1 in 5 and 1 in 250 following combined first-trimester screening. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive either cfDNA testing followed by invasive testing procedures only when cfDNA tests results were positive (n = 1034) or to receive immediate invasive testing procedures (n = 1017). The cfDNA testing was performed using an in-house validated method based on next-generation sequencing. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was number of miscarriages before 24 weeks' gestation. Secondary outcomes included cfDNA testing detection rate for trisomy 21. The primary outcome underwent 1-sided testing; secondary outcomes underwent 2-sided testing. Results: Among 2051 women who were randomized and analyzed (mean age, 36.3 [SD, 5.0] years), 1997 (97.4%) completed the trial. The miscarriage rate was not significantly different between groups at 8 (0.8%) vs 8 (0.8%), for a risk difference of -0.03% (1-sided 95% CI, -0.68% to ∞; P = .47). The cfDNA detection rate for trisomy 21 was 100% (95% CI, 87.2%-100%). Conclusions and Relevance: Among women with pregnancies at high risk of trisomy 21, offering cfDNA screening, followed by invasive testing if cfDNA test results were positive, compared with invasive testing procedures alone, did not result in a significant reduction in miscarriage before 24 weeks. The study may have been underpowered to detect clinically important differences in miscarriage rates. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02127515.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Amniocentese/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , Amostra da Vilosidade Coriônica/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Feminino , Morte Fetal , Humanos , Nascimento Vivo , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Brain Pathol ; 2018 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30020561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The recent outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and the associated increased prevalence of microcephaly in Brazil underline the impact of viral infections on embryo fetal development. The aim of the present study is to provide a detailed clinical and histopathological study of the fetal disruption caused by the ZIKV, with a special focus on the associated neuropathological findings. METHODS: A detailed feto-placental examination, as well as neuropathological and neurobiological studies were performed on three fetuses collected after pregnancy termination between 22 and 25 weeks of gestation (WG), because brain malformations associated with a maternal and fetal ZIKV infection was diagnosed. RESULTS: In all three cases, the maternal infection occurred during the first trimester of pregnancy. A small head was observed on the ultrasound examination of the second trimester of pregnancy and led to the diagnosis of ZIKV fetopathy and pregnancy termination. The fetal histopathological examination was unremarkable on the viscera but showed on the testis an interstitial lymphocytic infiltrate. The placenta contained a Hofbauer cells hyperplasia with signs of inflammation. Neuropathological findings included a meningoencephalitis and an ex vacuo hydrocephalus. Immunohistochemical studies showed the presence of T lymphocytic and histiocytic meningitis associated with an abundant cerebral astroglial and macrophagic reaction. In situ hybridization demonstrated, abundant ZIKV particles within the cerebral parenchyma mainly in the ventricular/subventricular zone and in the cortical plate. In addition massive cells death and endoplasmic reticulum damage were present. CONCLUSION: The present study reports on the clinical and histopathological findings observed in three fetuses infected by the ZIKV. It emphasizes the severity of brain damages and the minimal visceral and placental changes observed upon ZIKV infection. This confirms the selective neurotropism of ZIKV. Finally, it allows us to describe the cascade of multifactorial developmental defects leading to microcephaly.

17.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 219(4): 320-325, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30055126

RESUMO

Sustained fetal tachyarrhythmia can evolve into a life-threatening condition in 40% of cases when hydrops develops, with a 27% risk of perinatal death. Several antiarrhythmic drugs can be given solely or in combination to the mother to achieve therapeutic transplacental concentrations. Therapeutic failure could lead to progressive cardiac insufficiency and restrict therapeutic options to either elective delivery or direct fetal administration of antiarrhythmic drugs, which may increase the risk of death. We report for the first time successful fetal transesophageal pacing to treat a hydropic fetus with drug-resistant tachyarrhythmia.

18.
Pediatrics ; 142(1)2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29880704

RESUMO

Paracetamol or acetaminophen (APAP) is commonly used as a first line treatment of pain and fever in pregnancy. In view of new evidence that reveals that APAP medication during pregnancy may be associated with impaired outcomes, safety of the use of APAP during pregnancy should be questioned. The causality between maternal APAP treatment and prenatal ductus arteriosus closure was qualified as certain by using the World Health Organization Uppsala Monitoring Center causality assessment system in a short series of 2 clinical cases. Because the fetal ductus arteriosus closure can lead to fetal loss or life-threatening cardiac failure in the newborn, the use of APAP, specifically after the sixth month of pregnancy, should be as limited as possible.

19.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 219(4): 386.e1-386.e9, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29870736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of prophylaxis to prevent prenatal toxoplasmosis transmission is controversial, without any previous randomized clinical trial. In France, spiramycin is usually prescribed for maternal seroconversions. A more potent pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine regimen is used to treat congenital toxoplasmosis and is offered in some countries as prophylaxis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the efficacy and tolerance of pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine vs spiramycin to reduce placental transmission. STUDY DESIGN: This was a randomized, open-label trial in 36 French centers, comparing pyrimethamine (50 mg qd) + sulfadiazine (1 g tid) with folinic acid vs spiramycin (1 g tid) following toxoplasmosis seroconversion. RESULTS: In all, 143 women were randomized from November 2010 through January 2014. An amniocentesis was later performed in 131 cases, with a positive Toxoplasma gondii polymerase chain reaction in 7/67 (10.4%) in the pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine group vs 13/64 (20.3%) in the spiramycin group. Cerebral ultrasound anomalies appeared in 0/73 fetuses in the pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine group, vs 6/70 in the spiramycin group (P = .01). Two of these pregnancies were terminated. Transmission rates, excluding 18 children with undefined status, were 12/65 in the pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine group (18.5%), vs 18/60 in the spiramycin group (30%, P = .147), equivalent to an odds ratio of 0.53 (95% confidence interval, 0.23-1.22) and which after adjustment tended to be stronger (P = .03 for interaction) when treatment started within 3 weeks of seroconversion (95% confidence interval, 0.00-1.63). Two women had severe rashes, both with pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine. CONCLUSION: There was a trend toward lower transmission with pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine, but it did not reach statistical significance, possibly for lack of statistical power because enrollment was discontinued. There were also no fetal cerebral toxoplasmosis lesions in the pyrimethamine + sulfadiazine group. These promising results encourage further research on chemoprophylaxis to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis.

20.
Gynecol Surg ; 15(1): 9, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770109

RESUMO

Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital anomaly with high mortality and morbidity mainly due to pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. Temporary fetal tracheal occlusion to promote prenatal lung growth may improve survival. Entrapment of lung fluid stretches the airways, leading to lung growth. Methods: Fetal endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) is performed by percutaneous sono-endoscopic insertion of a balloon developed for interventional radiology. Reversal of the occlusion to induce lung maturation can be performed by fetoscopy, transabdominal puncture, tracheoscopy, or by postnatal removal if all else fails. Results: FETO and balloon removal have been shown safe in experienced hands. This paper deals with the technical aspects of balloon insertion and removal. While FETO is invasive, it has minimal maternal risks yet can cause preterm birth potentially offsetting its beneficial effects. Conclusion: For left-sided severe and moderate CDH, the procedure is considered investigational and is currently being evaluated in a global randomized clinical trial (https://www.totaltrial.eu/). The procedure can be clinically offered to fetuses with severe right-sided CDH.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA