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1.
Nutr Hosp ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124618

RESUMO

AIM: to communicate home parenteral nutrition (HPN) data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2018 Material and methods: descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2018 to December 31st, 2018. RESULTS: there were 278 patients from 45 Spanish hospitals (54.7% women), 23 children and 255 adults, which represent a prevalence rate of 5.95 patients/million inhabitants/year 2018. The most frequent diagnosis in adults was "palliative cancer" (22.0%), followed by "others". In children it was Hirschsprung's disease together with necrotizing enterocolitis, with four cases (17.4%). The first indication was short bowel syndrome in both children (60.9%) and adults (35.7%). The most frequently used type of catheter was tunneled in both children (81.0%) and adults (41.1%). Ending 75 episodes, the most frequent cause was death (52.0%) and change to oral feeding (33.3%). CONCLUSIONS: the number of centers and collaborating professionals in the registry of patients receiving HPN remains stable, as well as the main indications and reasons for termination of HPN.

2.
Nutr Hosp ; 36(5): 1011-1018, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475838

RESUMO

Introduction: Introduction: home parenteral nutrition (NPD) is a complex technique that involves multidisciplinary follow-up. Objectives: descriptive analysis of all patients included in the NPD program. Methods: retrospective study of patients with NPD between 1985 and 2017 in our center, a tertiary university hospital. Results: we analyzed 61 patients (32 men, mean age: 51.2 years). The most common underlying pathology was neoplasia (32.8%), with short bowel syndrome (SIC) being the main indication of NPD (70.5%). Forty-five patients received partial NPD and 16 total. The tunnelled vein catheter was the most common venous access used. 20 patients suspended it for complete oral intake (19 the first 5 years), 26 were deceased (18 the first 5 years) and 15 maintain it. Neoplasia was the most frequent cause of death (46.2%) and in 15.4% liver disease was associated with NPD. The median duration of NPD was 25 months [1-394]; being in 24 patients longer than 5 years (8 dead, only 1 for oncologic cause not related to the NPD). Fifty-four per cent had catheter infections, being isolated 55.2% Staphylococcus coagulase negative, with an infection rate of 1.04 per 1000 days of catheterization. Conclusions: NPD is a useful therapeutic strategy in intestinal failure. The SIC is the most frequent indication in our case study. The underlying pathology, such as neoplasia, will determine the prognosis. Catheter infection is the more frequent complication, so it is necessary to strengthen health education and antiseptic prophylaxis.

4.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(2): 271-276, 2017 03 30.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28421778

RESUMO

Introduction: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) improves quality of life, allowing patients to receive nutrition at home and providing a social and labor integration to these patients. Objective: To assess the direct costs of HPN in adult population in Spain. Methods: A literature review of the records of HPN in Spain, carry out by NADYA-SENPE Group (years 2007-2014), was performed. The analysis included the evolution of: patients requiring HPN, number of episodes/patient, mean duration of episodes, description of delivery routes and complications rate. HPN consumption and cost were estimated. Patients were grouped according to their pathological group: benign and malignant. Direct costs (€, 2015) included were: parenteral nutrition bags, delivery sets and costs due to complications. Results: The number of patients who receive HPN has increased over years (2007: 133 patients; 2014: 220 patients). The average number of episodes per patient ranged from 1-2 episodes per year. The average duration of those episodes decreased (2007: 323 days; 2014: 202.8 days). Tunneled catheters were the most used and septic complications were the most common. The average annual cost per patient was estimated at € 8,393.30 and € 9,261.60 for benign and malign disease respectively. Considering that 220 patients required HPN in 2014, an annual cost of € 1,846.524.96 (€ 1,389,910.55 directly due to HPN) and € 2,037,551.90 (€ 1,580,937.50 directly due to HPN) was estimated for patients with benign and malignant pathologies respectively. Conclusions: These results can be used to develop future economic evaluations on HPN and to establish effi cient prioritization strategies to allocate available resources.


Assuntos
Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/economia , Idoso , Custos e Análise de Custo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Espanha
5.
Nutr. hosp ; 34(2): 271-276, mar.-abr. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-162426

RESUMO

Introducción: la nutrición parenteral domiciliaria (NPD) mejora la calidad de vida de los pacientes permitiéndoles recibir nutrición en su domicilio y facilitando su integración social y laboral. Objetivo: analizar el coste de la NPD en España. Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los Registros de NPD en España (años 2007-2014), elaborados por el Grupo NADYA-SENPE. Se analizó la evolución de: pacientes que requerían NPD, episodios/paciente por los que se administró NPD, duración media de los episodios, vías de acceso y tasa de complicaciones. Se estimó el consumo y coste de la NPD. Los pacientes fueron agrupados según patología: benigna o maligna. Los costes directos (Euros, 2015) incluidos fueron: bolsas administradas, vías de acceso y complicaciones. Resultados: el número de pacientes que recibió NPD aumentó a lo largo de los años (2007: 133 pacientes; 2014: 220 pacientes). El número medio de episodios/paciente osciló entre 1-2 episodios/año y su duración media disminuyó (2007: 323 días; 2014: 202,8 días). Las vías de acceso más utilizadas fueron los catéteres tunelizados y las complicaciones sépticas fueron las más comunes. El coste directo anual medio por paciente se estimó en 8.393,30 Euros y 9.261,60 Euros para patología benigna y maligna, respectivamente. Considerando que, en 2014, 220 pacientes requirieron NPD, el coste anual fue 1.846.524,96 Euros (1.389.910,55 Euros debidos a la fórmula de NPD) y 2.037.551,90 Euros (1.580.937,50 Euros debidos a la fórmula de NPD) para patología benigna y maligna respectivamente. Conclusiones: estos resultados sirven de base para futuros análisis económicos de la NPD y para establecer estrategias de priorización eficiente de recursos disponibles (AU)


Introduction: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) improves quality of life, allowing patients to receive nutrition at home and providing a social and labor integration to these patients. Objective: To assess the direct costs of HPN in adult population in Spain. Methods: A literature review of the records of HPN in Spain, carry out by NADYA-SENPE Group (years 2007-2014), was performed. The analysis included the evolution of: patients requiring HPN, number of episodes/patient, mean duration of episodes, description of delivery routes and complications rate. HPN consumption and cost were estimated. Patients were grouped according to their pathological group: benign and malignant. Direct costs (Euros , 2015) included were: parenteral nutrition bags, delivery sets and costs due to complications. Results: The number of patients who receive HPN has increased over years (2007: 133 patients; 2014: 220 patients). The average number of episodes per patient ranged from 1-2 episodes per year. The average duration of those episodes decreased (2007: 323 days; 2014: 202.8 days). Tunneled catheters were the most used and septic complications were the most common. The average annual cost per patient was estimated at Euros 8,393.30 and Euros 9,261.60 for benign and malign disease respectively. Considering that 220 patients required HPN in 2014, an annual cost of Euros 1,846.524.96 (Euros 1,389,910.55 directly due to HPN) and Euros 2,037,551.90 (Euros 1,580,937.50 directly due to HPN) was estimated for patients with benign and malignant pathologies respectively. Conclusions: These results can be used to develop future economic evaluations on HPN and to establish effi cient prioritization strategies to allocate available resources (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/economia , Custos e Análise de Custo/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Custos Diretos de Serviços/tendências , Espanha/epidemiologia , Cateteres/economia , Comorbidade , Análise Estatística , Nutrição Parenteral Total no Domicílio/efeitos adversos , Nutrição Parenteral Total/efeitos adversos
6.
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr ; 41(6): 946-951, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27875291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In phase III clinical studies, treatment with teduglutide was associated with clinically meaningful reductions (≥20% from baseline) in parenteral support (PS; parenteral nutrition and/or intravenous fluids) requirements in adult patients with intestinal failure associated with short bowel syndrome (SBS-IF). This analysis reports clinical characteristics of patients who achieved complete independence from PS during teduglutide treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Post hoc analysis of adult patients who achieved complete PS independence during treatment with teduglutide 0.05 mg/kg/d. Data were pooled from 5 teduglutide clinical trials (2 phase III placebo-controlled trials [NCT00081458 and NCT00798967] and their respective extension studies [NCT00172185, NCT00930644, NCT01560403]). Descriptive statistics were used; no between-group comparisons were performed because of the small sample size and lack of comparator. RESULTS: Of 134 patients, 16 gained oral or enteral autonomy after a median of 5 years of PS dependence and 89 weeks of teduglutide treatment. Demographic and baseline disease characteristics varied among patients (median age, 55 years; 50% men; median baseline PS volume, 5.1 L/wk; median residual small intestine length, 52.5 cm). Most patients who achieved PS independence had colon-in-continuity; however, there was no significant difference in the frequency of PS independence among patients who maintained colon-in-continuity vs those who did not. CONCLUSION: Findings from this post hoc analysis suggest that oral or enteral autonomy is possible for some patients with SBS-IF who are treated with teduglutide, regardless of baseline characteristics and despite long-term PS dependence.


Assuntos
Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Enteropatias/terapia , Soluções de Nutrição Parenteral/administração & dosagem , Nutrição Parenteral , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Síndrome do Intestino Curto/terapia , Adulto , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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