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1.
Life Sci ; 284: 119917, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478759

RESUMO

In addition to being an antioxidant, thioredoxin (Trx) is known to stimulate signaling pathways involved in cell proliferation and to inhibit apoptosis. The aim of this study was to explore the role of Trx in some of these pathways along the progression of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Male rats were first divided into two groups: monocrotaline (MCT - 60 mg/kg i.p.) and control (received saline), that were further divided into three groups: 1, 2, and 3 weeks. Animals were submitted to echocardiographic analysis. Right and left ventricles were used for the measurement of hypertrophy, through morphometric and histological analysis. The lung was prepared for biochemical and molecular analysis. One week after MCT injection, there was an increase in thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) activity, a reduction in glutathione reductase (GR) activity, and an increase in Trx-1 and vitamin D3 up-regulated protein-1 (VDUP-1) expression. Two weeks after MCT injection, there was an increase in VDUP-1, Akt and cleaved caspase-3 activation, and a decrease in Trx-1 and Nrf2 expression. PAH-induced by MCT promoted a reduction in Nrf2 and Trx-1 expression as well as an increase in Akt and VDUP-1 expression after three weeks. The increase in pulmonary vascular resistance was accompanied by increased TrxR activity, suggesting an association between the Trx system and functional changes in the progression of PAH. It seems that Trx-1 activation was an adaptive response to MCT administration to cope with pulmonary remodeling and disease progression, suggesting a potential new target for PAH therapeutics.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/metabolismo , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/patologia , Tiorredoxinas/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose , Sobrevivência Celular , Colágeno/metabolismo , Eletrocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/complicações , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/patologia , Masculino , Monocrotalina , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Ratos Wistar
2.
J Dent ; 114: 103818, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) formulate blend resins with 2.5 or 5 wt.% of the methacrylate monomer 1,3,5-triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine (TAT), and (2) to evaluate the blend resins regarding the physicochemical and biological properties. METHODS: The base resin was formulated mixing 60 wt.% of bisphenol A glycol dimethacrylate and 40 wt.% of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate with photoinitiator/co/initiator system. TAT was added at 2.5 (G2.5%) or 5 (G5%) wt.%, and a group without TAT was used as control (Gctrl). The resins were analyzed for degree of conversion (DC), Knoop hardness (KHN), softening in solvent (ΔKHN), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), contact angle, surface free energy (SFE), antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation, and cytotoxicity against human keratinocytes. RESULTS: There was no difference for the DC (p = 0.676). The addition of TAT at 5 wt.% induced higher KHN (p<0.001), higher resistance against softening in solvent (p<0.001), and higher UTS (p = 0.04). There were no statistically significant differences for contact angle with water (p = 0.106), α-bromonaphtalene (p = 0.454), and SFE (p = 0.172). The higher the TAT concentration, the higher the antibacterial activity (p<0.001). G2.5% showed no cytotoxicity compared to Gctrl (p>0.05), and G5% induced lower cell viability (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of 2.5 wt.% of TAT is suitable for conveying antibacterial activity for dental resins without changing the physicochemical properties or impairing the cytotoxic effect. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Methacrylate monomers that decrease bacterial viability and copolymerize with the resin matrix are exciting approaches to developing therapeutic materials. TAT showed promising properties to may hamper and prevent carious lesions when incorporated into dental materials. Further evaluations with higher cariogenic challenges will be carried to analyze the formulated materials.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(9): 5149-5169, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy and safety of topical non-steroidal immunomodulators (TNSIs) for oral lichen planus (OLP) treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search strategy designed for this purpose retrieved 1156 references. After analysis of titles and abstracts, 75 studies were selected for full-text analysis. Only randomized controlled clinical trials were selected, resulting in 28 studies included for qualitative and quantitative analysis. RESULTS: The meta-analysis showed similar benefits in clinical response and symptom resolution between tacrolimus 0.1% and pimecrolimus 1% in comparison to topical steroids (TS). Pimecrolimus showed superior efficacy of clinical response but not for symptom resolution compared to placebo. Tacrolimus and pimecrolimus showed better performance preventing symptom relapse, while pimecrolimus also prevented clinical relapse better than TS. Cyclosporine was superior to placebo; however, TS showed better efficacy of clinical response. Thalidomide and retinoid were assessed in only one trial each, and both showed similar efficacy to TS. Rapamycin also presented similar clinical response to TS; however, the later showed greater reduction of symptoms. Mycophenolate mofetil 2% mucoadhesive was no better than placebo. No serious adverse effects have been reported. Cyclosporine showed a higher frequency and variety of adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: Topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are safe and effective alternatives for OLP treatment. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: TS are usually the first choice for OLP treatment. Because some oral lesions may have a low response to treatment with TS, more topical therapeutic options, such as TNSIs, should be considered before systemic steroids are used.


Assuntos
Líquen Plano Bucal , Administração Tópica , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Líquen Plano Bucal/tratamento farmacológico , Esteroides , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 16(20): 1775-1790, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313137

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the antitumor efficacy of bevacizumab-functionalized nanocapsules in a rat glioblastoma model after the pretreatment with nanocapsules functionalized with a peptide-specific to the epidermal growth factor receptor variant III. Materials & methods: Nanocapsules were prepared, physicochemical characterized and intranasally administered to rats. Parameters such as tumor size, histopathological characteristics and infiltration of CD8+ T lymphocytes were evaluated. Results: The strategy of treatment resulted in a reduction of 87% in the tumor size compared with the control group and a higher infiltration of CD8+ T lymphocytes in tumoral tissue. Conclusion: The block of two different molecular targets using nose-to-brain delivery represents a new and promising approach against glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Nanocápsulas , Animais , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Nanocápsulas/uso terapêutico , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Ratos
5.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 125: 112115, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965098

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop bioactive guided bone regeneration (GBR) membranes by manufacturing PBAT/BAGNb composites as casting films. Composites were produced by melt-extrusion, and BAGNb was added at 10 wt%, 20 wt%, and 30 wt% concentration. Pure PBAT membranes were used as a control (0wt%BAGNb). FTIR and thermogravimetric analysis characterized the composites. Barrier membranes were produced by solvent casting, and their mechanical and surface properties were assessed by tensile strength test and contact angle analysis, respectively. The ion release and cell behavior were evaluated by pH, cell proliferation, and mineralization. Composites were successfully produced, and the chemical structure showed no interference of BAGNb in the PBAT structure. The addition of BAGNb increased the stiffness of the membranes and reduced the contact angle, increasing the roughness in one side of the membrane. Sustained pH increment was observed for BAGNb-containing membranes with increased proliferation and mineralization as the concentration of BAGNb increases. The incorporation of up to 30 wt% of BAGNb into PBAT barrier membranes was able to maintain adequate chemical-mechanical properties leading to the production of materials with tailored surface properties and bioactivity. Finally, this biomaterial class showed outstanding potential and may contribute to bone formation in GBR procedures.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Nióbio , Adipatos , Ácidos Ftálicos , Polienos
6.
Genet Mol Biol ; 44(2): e20200014, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821877

RESUMO

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by germline mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 genes, which leads to the hyperactivation of the mTORC1 pathway, an important negative regulator of autophagy. This leads to the development of hamartomas in multiple organs. The variability in symptoms presents a challenge for the development of completely effective treatments for TSC. One option is the treatment with mTORC1 inhibitors, which are targeted to block cell growth and restore autophagy. However, the therapeutic effect of rapamycin seems to be more efficient in the early stages of hamartoma development, an effect that seems to be associated with the paradoxical role of autophagy in tumor establishment. Under normal conditions, autophagy is directly inhibited by mTORC1. In situations of bioenergetics stress, mTORC1 releases the Ulk1 complex and initiates the autophagy process. In this way, autophagy promotes the survival of established tumors by supplying metabolic precursors during nutrient deprivation; paradoxically, excessive autophagy has been associated with cell death in some situations. In spite of its paradoxical role, autophagy is an alternative therapeutic strategy that could be explored in TSC. This review compiles the findings related to autophagy and the new therapeutic strategies targeting this pathway in TSC.

7.
Odontology ; 109(1): 271-278, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978637

RESUMO

Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation has been proposed as a method to reverse the aging process of titanium. However, the intensity, exposure time and wavelength that provide the best results have not yet been determined. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of photocatalysis by ultraviolet C light on the time-dependent aging of titanium and to analyze the irradiated titanium for changes in structure and in vitro biological activity, with regard to different exposure times. A titanium photofunctionalization device was developed with characteristics different from those on the market. The sample was composed of titanium disks irradiated for different times of exposure to ultraviolet C light (0, 15, 30 and 60 min). The disks were tested for surface wettability (water contact angle), topography (scanning electron microscopy-SEM) and chemical composition (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), and effects on cell adhesion (cell culture and SEM) and cell viability by sulforhodamine B (SRB). Ultraviolet C treatment caused changes in titanium surface characteristics, such as increased wettability and removal of hydrocarbons from the surface after 15 min of exposure in the chamber developed. The biological characteristics of the material also appear to have changed, with improved cell adhesion and viability. Photofunctionalization of titanium proved to be effective for the treatment of aged surfaces, with significant modifications in the surface chemical structure and biological activity of the material.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Titânio , Adesão Celular , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície , Raios Ultravioleta
8.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 891: 173699, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160936

RESUMO

The time-course of pulmonary arterial hypertension in the monocrotaline (MCT) model was investigated. Male rats were divided into two groups: MCT (received a 60 mg/kg i.p. injection) and control (received saline). The MCT and control groups were further divided into three cohorts, based on the follow-up interval: 1, 2, and 3 weeks. Right ventricle (RV) catheterization was performed and RV hypertrophy (RVH) was estimated. The lungs were used for biochemical, histological, molecular, and immunohistochemical analysis, while pulmonary artery rings were used for vascular reactivity. MCT promoted lung perivascular edema, inflammatory cells exudation, greater neutrophils and lymphocytes profile, and arteriolar wall thickness, compared to CTR group. Increases in pulmonary artery pressure and in RVH were observed in the MCT 2- and 3-week groups. The first week was marked by the presence of nitrosative stress (50% moderate and 33% accentuated staining by nitrotyrosine). These alterations lead to an adaptation of NO production by NO synthase activity after 2 weeks. Oxidative stress was evident in the third week, probably by an imbalance between endothelin-1 receptors, resulting in extracellular matrix remodeling, endothelial dysfunction, and RVH. Also, it was found a reduced pulmonary arterial vasodilatory response to acetylcholine after 2 (55%) and 3 (45%) weeks in MCT groups. The relevance of this study is precisely to show that nitrosative and oxidative stress predominate in distinct time windows of the disease progression.


Assuntos
Pulmão/metabolismo , Estresse Nitrosativo , Estresse Oxidativo , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/metabolismo , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , Animais , Pressão Arterial , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/metabolismo , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Monocrotalina , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Edema Pulmonar/metabolismo , Edema Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Ratos Wistar , Receptor de Endotelina A/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Remodelação Vascular , Vasodilatação
9.
Dent Mater ; 37(2): 223-235, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Formulate experimental adhesives containing titanium dioxide nanotubes (nt-TiO2) or titanium dioxide nanotubes with a triazine-methacrylate monomer (nt-TiO2:TAT) and evaluate the effect of these fillers on the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the adhesives. METHODS: First, nt-TiO2 were synthesized via a hydrothermal method. The nt-TiO2 were mixed with a triazine-methacrylate monomer (TAT) to formulate nt-TiO2:TAT, which were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The nt-TiO2, TAT, and nt-TiO2:TAT were evaluated via Fourier Transform Infrared, Ultraviolet-visible, and micro-Raman spectroscopies. An experimental adhesive resin was formulated with bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylates, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and photoinitiator/co-initiator system. nt-TiO2 or nt-TiO2:TAT were incorporated at 2.5 wt.% and 5 wt.% in the adhesive. The base resin without nt-TiO2 or nt-TiO2:TAT was used as a control group. The adhesives were evaluated for antibacterial activity, cytotoxicity, polymerization kinetics, degree of conversion (DC), Knoop hardness, softening in solvent (ΔKHN%), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), 24 h- and 1 year- microtensile bond strength (µ-TBS). RESULTS: TEM confirmed the nanotubular morphology of TiO2. FTIR, UV-vis, and micro-Raman analyses showed the characteristic peaks of each material, indicating the impregnation of TAT in the nt-TiO2. Adhesives with nt-TiO2:TAT showed antimicrobial activity against biofilm formation compared to control (p < 0.05), without differences in the viability of planktonic bacteria (p > 0.05). All groups showed high percentages of pulp cell viability. The polymerization kinetics varied among groups, but all presented DC above 50%. The addition of 5 wt.% of nt-TiO2 and both groups containing nt-TiO2:TAT showed higher values ​​of Knoop hardness compared to the control (p < 0.05). The groups with nt-TiO2:TAT presented lower ΔKHN% (p < 0.05) and higher UTS (p < 0.05) than the control group. After one year, the group with 5 wt.% of nt-TiO2, as well as both groups containing nt-TiO2:TAT, showed higher µ-TBS than the control (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The mixing of a triazine-methacrylate monomer with the nt-TiO2 generated a filler that improved the physicochemical properties of the adhesive resins and provided antibacterial activity, which could assist in preventing carious lesions around tooth-resin interfaces. The set of physical, chemical, and biological properties of the formulated polymer, together with the greater stability of the bond strength over time, make nt-TiO2:TAT a promising filler for dental adhesive resins.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Nanotubos , Cimentos Dentários , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Titânio , Triazinas
10.
Spec Care Dentist ; 41(1): 103-110, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD) is a rare group of autosomal recessive disorders. This report provides the first detailed description of the periodontal condition and treatment response in a patient with chronic visceral ASMD. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year-old white woman with ASMD showed elevated visible plaque index (VPI), gingival bleeding index (GBI), and bleeding on probing (BOP) at 100% of sites. Periodontal pocket depths (PPD) were mostly shallow to moderate (at 96% of sites), whereas the loss of clinical attachment (CAL) was moderate to severe (54% and 46% of sites, respectively, at 4-6 mm and ≥7 mm categories). Periapical radiographs revealed the presence of furcation involvement and intra-bony defects. The periodontal diagnosis was periodontitis stage IV, generalized, grade C. Ninety days after the end of the supra and subgingival control (e.g., cause-related therapy), marked reduction was observed for all periodontal indicators: VPI (-83%), GBI (-79%), BOP (-85%), elimination of sites PPD ≥7 mm, 27% increase in sites PPD 1-3 mm (from 64% to 91%), and gain of clinical attachment (gain of 11% CAL 1-3 mm and 25% CAL 4-6 mm; and a reduction of 36% CAL ≥7 mm). PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Despite the severity of the initial periodontal condition, the patient with chronic visceral ASMD responded well to the non-surgical periodontal treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças da Gengiva , Doença de Niemann-Pick Tipo A , Periodontite , Índice de Placa Dentária , Raspagem Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal
11.
Dis Model Mech ; 13(11)2020 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023972

RESUMO

Mucolipidosis type III (MLIII) gamma is a rare inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in GNPTG encoding the γ-subunit of GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase, the key enzyme ensuring proper intracellular location of multiple lysosomal enzymes. Patients with MLIII gamma typically present with osteoarthritis and joint stiffness, suggesting cartilage involvement. Using Gnptg knockout (Gnptgko ) mice as a model of the human disease, we showed that missorting of a number of lysosomal enzymes is associated with intracellular accumulation of chondroitin sulfate in Gnptgko chondrocytes and their impaired differentiation, as well as with altered microstructure of the cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM). We also demonstrated distinct functional and structural properties of the Achilles tendons isolated from Gnptgko and Gnptab knock-in (Gnptabki ) mice, the latter displaying a more severe phenotype resembling mucolipidosis type II (MLII) in humans. Together with comparative analyses of joint mobility in MLII and MLIII patients, these findings provide a basis for better understanding of the molecular reasons leading to joint pathology in these patients. Our data suggest that lack of GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase activity due to defects in the γ-subunit causes structural changes within the ECM of connective and mechanosensitive tissues, such as cartilage and tendon, and eventually results in functional joint abnormalities typically observed in MLIII gamma patients. This idea was supported by a deficit of the limb motor function in Gnptgko mice challenged on a rotarod under fatigue-associated conditions, suggesting that the impaired motor performance of Gnptgko mice was caused by fatigue and/or pain at the joint.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

12.
Am J Med Genet A ; 182(12): 2891-2901, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946203

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral, dental, and craniofacial features of individuals affected by the chronic forms of acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD). This study comprised a sample of adult and pediatric patients (n = 8) with chronic ASMD. The individuals underwent oral examinations to evaluate the occurrence of caries, as well as full-mouth periodontal examinations, to assess the occurrence and severity of periodontal diseases. Panoramic and profile radiographs were obtained to analyze dental conditions and craniofacial parameters. Participants also answered questionnaires to identify systemic impairment, parafunctional habits, and bruxism. Dental anomalies of size, shape, and number were found, with agenesis and microdontia being the predominant findings. The average of caries experience was 11.75 (±8.1). Only one patient had periodontal health and all adult individuals had periodontitis at different stages and degrees. Bruxism was found in 87.5% of the sample. The convex profile and maxillary and mandibular retrusion were the most relevant findings in the cephalometric analysis. It is concluded that individuals with chronic ASMD, in addition to several systemic manifestations, present significant modifications in their oral health, from a greater occurrence of dental anomalies, caries, periodontal disease, in addition to skeletal changes.


Assuntos
Bruxismo/patologia , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/patologia , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Doença de Niemann-Pick Tipo B/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/patologia , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase/deficiência , Anormalidades Dentárias/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Bruxismo/etiologia , Criança , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Doença de Niemann-Pick Tipo B/enzimologia , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Prognóstico , Anormalidades Dentárias/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Dent ; 102: 103477, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a zinc-based particle with ionic liquid as filler for an experimental adhesive resin. METHODS: The ionic liquid 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMI.Cl) and zinc chloride (ZnCl2) were used to synthesize 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium trichlorozincate (BMI.ZnCl3), which was hydrolyzed under basic conditions to produce the simonkolleite (SKT) particles. SKT was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. An experimental adhesive resin was formulated and SKT was incorporated at 1, 2.5, or 5 wt.% in the adhesive. One group without SKT was a control group. The antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans, cytotoxicity, degree of conversion (DC), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), softening in solvent, and microtensile bond strength (µ-TBS) were investigated. RESULTS: SKT prepared from the ionic liquid BMI.ZnCl3 presented a hexagonal shape in the micrometer scale. SKT addition provided antibacterial activity against biofilm formation of S.mutans and planktonic bacteria (p < 0.05). There were no differences in pulp cells' viability (p > 0.05). The DC ranged from 62.18 (±0.83)% for control group to 64.44 (±1.55)% for 2.5 wt.% (p > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference among groups for UTS (p > 0.05), softening in solvent (p > 0.05), and 24 h or 6 months µ-TBS (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The physicochemical properties of adhesives were not affected by SKT incorporation, and the filler provided antibacterial activity against S. mutans without changes in the pulp cells' viability. This hybrid zinc-based particle with ionic liquid coating may be a promising filler to improve dental restorations. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A filler based on a zinc-derived material coated with ionic liquid was synthesized and added in dental adhesives, showing antibacterial activity and maintaining the other properties analyzed. SKT may be a promising filler to decrease the biofilm formation around resin-based restorative materials.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Líquidos Iônicos , Cimentos Dentários , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Zinco/farmacologia
14.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(1): 50-55, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621600

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate aortic wall thickness after periodontal disease and/or obesity induction in a Wistar rat model.Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control (CT), periodontal disease (PD), obesity (OB), and obesity plus periodontal disease (OB+PD). Groups OB and OB+PD received cafeteria diet for 17 weeks. After they had acquired obesity (week 12), periodontal disease was induced by placing a silk ligature on the maxillary right second molar of groups PD and OB+PD. During the experimental period, body weight and Lee index were assessed. Mean alveolar bone loss (ABL) was evaluated, and aortas were prepared for histometric analysis of the aortic wall by ImageJ software. Body weight and Lee index increased in rats exposed to cafeteria diet. Mean ABL was higher in Groups PD and OB+PD than in control and OB (p<0.05). ABL was 18% higher in Group OB+PD than in Group PD, with statistically significant difference (p<0.001). Aortas were thicker in Groups OB and OB+PD than in control and PD groups, respectively (2.31mm ± 0.28 and 2.33 ± 0.29 vs. 2.18 ± 0.26 and 2.14 ± 0.27). Group OB differed significantly from the control group (p=0.036), and OB+PD and OB differed significantly from PD (p=0.004 and p= 0.001, respectively). Obesity alters aortic wall thickness in Wistar rats. However, the presence of periodontal disease did not affect the aortic wall thickness under the conditions of the present study.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Aterosclerose , Ligadura/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/complicações , Periodontite/complicações , Perda do Osso Alveolar/patologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Periodontite/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
15.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 399-407, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666066

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemomechanical properties, antibacterial activity, and cytotoxicity of an experimental adhesive resin containing halloysite nanotubes (HNT), doped with alkyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (ATAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A filler of HNT doped with ATAB was obtained (ATAB:HNT) and incorporated (5 wt%) into a resin blend made of bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and a photoinitiator/co-initiator system (GATAB:HNT). The same resin blend without ATAB:HNT was used as control (Ctrl). The ATAB:HNT filler was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The two tested adhesives were evaluated for degree of conversion (DC) in vitro and in situ, softening in alcohol, dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), antibacterial activity, and cytotoxicity (n = 5). RESULTS: SEM showed that the nanotubes had a characteristic tubular-needle morphology, while the TEM analysis confirmed the presence of ATAB inside the lumens of HNT. The incorporation of ATAB:HNT induced no reduction (p > 0.05) of the DC either in situ or in vitro. No difference was encountered after the softening challenge test (p > 0.05) and no difference was found in µTBS between the two adhesives, both at 24 h (p > 0.05) and after 6 months of storage in distilled water (p > 0.05). However, ATAB:HNT reduced Streptococcus mutans viability (p < 0.05) without a cytotoxic effect on pulp cells (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GATAB:HNT adhesive demonstrated appropriate polymerization without significant differences in softening after solvent immersion, while concomitantly maintaining reliable bond strength after 6 months of water aging. Moreover, the ATAB:HNT filler can provide antibacterial activity to the adhesive resin without affecting pulp cell viability.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Nanotubos , Brometos , Argila , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(30): 37920-37926, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617811

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to analyze and compare the presence of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs) in exfoliated cells obtained from the buccal mucosa among crack and cocaine users and non-users by the AgNOR staining technique. Seventy-three males ≥ 18 years were categorized into two groups: 38 crack and/or cocaine users and 35 non-user volunteers. They were interviewed and responded a questionnaire regarding general health and drug addiction. Exfoliative cytology specimens were collected from the clinically intact buccal mucosa, and cytological preparations were fixed and stained by AgNOR technique. The mean number of AgNORs (p = 0.02) and the percentage of epithelial cells with more than 3 (p = 0.01) and 4 (p = 0.04) AgNORs/nucleus were significantly higher in the non-user group. In conclusion, the frequency and diversity of substances present in the drugs-cocaine, crack, and alcohol-consumed by the volunteers of this study may have influenced the number of AgNORs and the response to damage and consequent effect on protein synthesis.


Assuntos
Cocaína , Mucosa Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Região Organizadora do Nucléolo , Coloração pela Prata
17.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 33(1): 50-55, June 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130733

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate aortic wall thickness after periodontal disease and/or obesity induction in a Wistar rat model. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control (CT), periodontal disease (PD), obesity (OB), and obesity plus periodontal disease (OB+PD). Groups OB and OB+PD received cafeteria diet for 17 weeks. After they had acquired obesity (week 12), periodontal disease was induced by placing a silk ligature on the maxillary right second molar of groups PD and OB+PD. During the experimental period, body weight and Lee index were assessed. Mean alveolar bone loss (ABL) was evaluated, and aortas were prepared for histometric analysis of the aortic wall by ImageJ software. Body weight and Lee index increased in rats exposed to cafeteria diet. Mean ABL was higher in Groups PD and OB+PD than in control and OB (p<0.05). ABL was 18% higher in Group OB+PD than in Group PD, with statistically significant difference (p<0.001). Aortas were thicker in Groups OB and OB+PD than in control and PD groups, respectively (2.31mm ± 0.28 and 2.33 ± 0.29 vs. 2.18 ± 0.26 and 2.14 ± 0.27). Group OB differed significantly from the control group (p=0.036), and OB+PD and OB differed significantly from PD (p=0.004 and p= 0.001, respectively). Obesity alters aortic wall thickness in Wistar rats. However, the presence of periodontal disease did not affect the aortic wall thickness under the conditions of the present study.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a espessura da parede da aorta após modelos de indução de doença periodontal e/ou obesidade em ratos Wistar. Sessenta ratos Wistar machos foram aleatoria mente divididos em quatro grupos: controle (CT), doença periodontal (DP), obesidade (OB), obesidade mais doença periodontal (OB+DP). Os grupos OB e OB+DP rece beram dieta de cafeteria por 17 semanas. Após de adquirirem obesidade, (semana 12), doença periodontal foi induzido pela colocação de ligaduras de seda no segundo molar superior direito dos grupos DP e OB+DP. Durante o período experi mental, o peso corporal e índice de Lee foram obtidos. Média de perda óssea alveolar (POA) foi avaliada e as aortas preparadas para análise histométrica da parede aórtica (em mm) pelo software ImageJ. Ratos expostos a dieta de cafeteria demonstraram um aumento do peso corporal e do índice de Lee. Uma POA media maior foi observada nos grupos DP e OB+DP comparado aos grupos controle e OB (p<0.05). O grupo OB+DP, quando comparado ao grupo DP, apresentou POA 18% maior e essa diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (p<0.001). Os grupos OB e OB+DP exibiram uma espessura de aorta maior comparado aos grupos DP e controle, respectivamente (2.31 ± 0.28 e 2.33 ± 0.29 vs. 2.18 ± 0.26 e 2.14 ± 0.27). Diferenças significativas foram observadas nas comparações dos grupos OB e controle (p=0,036), e OB+DP e OB comparado ao grupo DP (p=0.004 e p= 0.001, respectivamente). A obesidade parece afetar a espessura da parede da aorta em ratos Wistar. Entretanto, a presença de doença periodontal não afetou a espessura da parede da aorta sob as condições do presente estudo.

18.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(1): 80-84, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246687

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of diseases related to pericoronal follicles, and assess the rate of concordance between clinical and histopathological diagnoses. Methods: Histologically, we analyzed 1,298 tissue samples surrounding the crowns of teeth that were diagnosed clinically as pericoronal follicles. In addition, we determined associations among histopathological diagnosis, patients' age and sex, tissue site, presence of nests of odontogenic epithelium, presence of reduced enamel epithelium, and presence of diffuse inflammation. Results: Odontogenic pathologies were present in 35% of the samples, and rate of concordance between clinical and histopathological diagnoses was 0.54. Probability of developing odontogenic pathologies was high in the mandibular molars (odds ratio: 2.13) and in the tissues with odontogenic epithelial remnants (odds ratio: 1.2), reduced enamel epithelium (odds ratio: 1.3), and diffuse inflammation. (odds ratio: 10.5). Conclusions: The findings of this study highlight the clinical relevance of histopathological examination of the pericoronal tissue in unerupted and partially erupted teeth for early diagnosis of pathologies because this study demonstrated the odontogenic cysts and inflammatory lesions in tissues clinically diagnosed as pericoronal follicles.


Assuntos
Cisto Dentígero , Cistos Odontogênicos , Epitélio , Humanos , Microscopia , Dente Molar , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Funct Biomater ; 11(1)2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075267

RESUMO

This in vitro study evaluated the effect of myristyltrimethylammonium bromide (MYTAB) on the physical, chemical, and biological properties of an experimental dental resin. The resin was formulated with dental dimetacrylate monomers and a photoinitiator/co-initiator system. MYTAB was added at 0.5 (G0.5%), 1 (G1%), and 2 (G2%) wt %, and one group remained without MYTAB and was used as the control (GCtrl). The resins were analyzed for the polymerization kinetics, degree of conversion, ultimate tensile strength (UTS), antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans, and cytotoxicity against human keratinocytes. Changes in the polymerization kinetics profiling were observed, and the degree of conversion ranged from 57.36% (±2.50%) for G2% to 61.88% (±1.91%) for G0.5%, without a statistically significant difference among groups (p > 0.05). The UTS values ranged from 32.85 (±6.08) MPa for G0.5% to 35.12 (±5.74) MPa for GCtrl (p > 0.05). MYTAB groups showed antibacterial activity against biofilm formation from 0.5 wt % (p < 0.05) and against planktonic bacteria from 1 wt % (p < 0.05). The higher the MYTAB concentration, the higher the cytotoxic effect, without differences between GCtrl e G0.5% (p > 0.05). In conclusion, the addition of 0.5 wt % of MYTAB did not alter the physical and chemical properties of the dental resin and provided antibacterial activity without cytotoxic effect.

20.
Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 48(3): 334-342, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by α-L-iduronidase deficiency, resulting in accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG). Ophthalmological manifestations are common in MPS I patients and often lead to visual impairment. Accumulation of GAG in corneal or retinal tissues reduces vision causing corneal opacity and neurosensory complications. One available treatment for MPS I patients is enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), but the results of such treatment on eye disease are still debatable. Therefore, we aimed to determine the progression of ocular manifestations as well as the effectiveness of intravenous ERT in MPS I. METHODS: Corneal and retinal analyses were perform in eyes from 2- to 8-month normal and MPS I mice. Some MPS I mice received ERT (1.2 mg/kg of laronidase) every 2 weeks from 6 to 8 months and histological findings were compared with controls. Additionally, cornea from two MPS I patients under ERT were evaluated. RESULTS: Mouse corneal tissues had GAG accumulation early in life. In the retina, we found a progressive loss of photoreceptor cells, starting at 6 months. ERT did not improve or stabilize the histological abnormalities. MPS I patients, despite being on ERT for over a decade, presented GAG accumulation in the cornea, corneal thickening, visual loss and needed corneal transplantation. CONCLUSION: We provide data on the time course of ocular alteration in MPS I mice. Our results also suggest that ERT is not effective in treating the progressive ocular manifestations in MPS I mice and fails to prevent corneal abnormalities in patients.

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