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1.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104529, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910131

RESUMO

To evaluate the effect of three adhesive systems applied under electric current on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and degree of conversion (DC). Molar teeth were restored with the aid of three adhesive systems (Adper Single Bond 2-SB2; Clearfil SE Bond-CSE; and Single Bond Universal-SBU) under different electric current intensities (0 µA; 25 µA; and 50 µA). Composite resin blocks were built up in increments (2 mm) and sectioned into 1 × 1 mm beams. The µTBS was tested after 24 h and 1 y distilled water storages. Samples (n = 10) from 24 h to 1 y storages were immersed in a 50% ammoniacal silver nitrate solution and submitted to scanning electron microscopy. The silver nitrate in the hybrid layer was quantified (ImageJ software). The adhesive systems' dentinal infiltration was analyzed using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Fourier transform near infrared spectroscopy was used to measure the DC. The µTBS data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (time vs. electric current) and Bonferroni's test (α = 0.05). Quantitative nanoleakage data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (electric current vs. adhesive) and Bonferroni's test (α = 0.05). DC data were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05) for each adhesive system. The electric current statistically increased the µTBS for SB2 and CSE in 24 h storage, as well as for SB2, CSE and SBU in 1 y storage. No significant difference was observed between storage time for CSE and SBU. When compared to the control, electric currents (25 µA and 50 µA) showed significantly higher DC mean values for SB2 and SBU, and had no effect on CSE. The electric currents (25 µA and 50 µA) reduced the adhesive system's nanoleakage after 1-year storage, and improved the infiltration of SB2 and CSE. Both electric current intensities improved dentinal interface stability.

2.
Cells Tissues Organs ; : 1-15, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691307

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate in vitro and in vivo polymeric membranes obtained by a rotary jet-spinning process for the repair of critical bone defects in the calvaria of Wistar rats, for future use in tissue engineering. Experimental sample collections were performed on the 30, 60 and 90th postoperative days, and the analyses performed were histomorphometric, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting. Reducing inflammatory infiltrate in all groups and experimental periods, angiogenesis on the 30th day did not show any difference between the groups, on the 60th day, 5% polycaprolactone/beta-tricalcium phosphate(PCL/ß-TCP) was high compared to control (C), and on the 90th day, the same group reduced when compared to C and 10% PCL/ß-TCP. The fibroplasia presented oscillations in every segment; on the 30th and 60th day, there was an increase in 5% PCL/ß-TCP, which decreased by the 90th day compared to group C. 10% PCL/ß-TCP decreased compared to C on the 60th and 90th day. The percentage of the collagen area remained high in all groups and all experimental periods. Immunohistochemistry quantifications showed variations in bone metabolism suggesting new bone formation. The 5 and 10% PCL/ß-TCP scaffold were promising for the bone regeneration process because they participated in the modulation of inflammation, angiogenesis, fibroplasia, and collagenosis.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of electric current application on the resin composite-tooth bond strength and hybrid layer of three adhesive systems light-cured by two light-curing units (LCUs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human molar teeth were distributed into 12 groups (n=6). Three adhesive systems were used: two-step etch-and-rinse (SB2; Adper Single Bond 2, 3M ESPE); two-step self-etch (CSE; Clearfil SE Bond, Kuraray); and one-step self-etch (SBU; Single Bond Universal, 3M ESPE) applied with (50µA) and without (control; conventional application) electric current, and light-cured with different LCUs. Resin composite blocks (Filtek Z350XT, 3M ESPE) were produced and cut into sticks (~1mm2) for microtensile bond strength (µTBS). Fracture patterns were analyzed on stereomicroscope and classified as cohesive-dentin, cohesive-resin, adhesive, or mixed. Specimens were prepared for scanning electron microscope observation. The hybrid layer analysis was carried out using a confocal laser scanning microscopy (n=2). Data were submitted to three-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post hoc test (α=0.05). RESULTS: The electric current increased the µTBS for all adhesive systems light-cured with single-emission peak and multiple-emission peak LCUs. Both LCUs presented similar µTBS values. CSE applied under electric current showed the highest µTBS mean values. The adhesive failure pattern was more frequently observed in all groups. The electric current formed long resin tags for all adhesive systems. CONCLUSIONS: The adhesive systems applied under electric current increased the bond strength using single-emission peak and multiple-emission peak LCUs. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Electric current at 50µA applied throughout the dentin is a safe mode and results in better impregnation of the adhesive systems.

4.
Eur J Dent ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Knoop hardness (KH), cross-link density (CLD), water sorption (WS), water solubility (WSB), and volumetric shrinkage (VS) of experimental resins blends containing a monomethacrylate with low-polymerization shrinkage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A blend of bisphenol glycidyl methacrylate (BisGMA) as base monomer was formulated with (Bis-GMA)/triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), Bis-GMA/isobornyl methacrylate (IBOMA), or Bis-GMA/TEGDMA/IBOMA in different concentrations (40, 50, or 60 wt%). The camphorquinone (CQ)/2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) was used as the photoinitiator system. The KH and CLD were measured at the top surface using an indenter. For WS and WSB, the volume of the samples was calculated in mm3. The samples were transferred to desiccators until a constant mass was obtained (m1) and were subsequently immersed in distilled water until no alteration in mass was detected (m2). The samples were reconditioned to constant mass in desiccators (m3). WS and WSB were determined using the equations m2 - m3/V and m1 - m3/V, respectively. VS results were calculated with the density parameters before and after curing. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The resins containing IBOMA showed lower VS results. TEGDMA 40% and TEGDMA/IBOMA 20/20 wt% showed higher KH values. The IBOMA groups showed lower CLD, while TEGDMA groups had higher values of CLD. The BisGMA/TEGDMA resin presented the highest values of WS, and for WSB, all groups showed no significant differences among themselves. CONCLUSION: The monomethacrylate with low-polymerization shrinkage IBOMA used alone or in combination with TEGDMA may decrease VS, WS, and CLD values.

5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-7, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1145514

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the color stability of different bulk fill composite resins after extrinsic staining with coffee. Material and Methods: Forty-eight disk-shaped specimens (6 mm diameter x 4 mm thick) of each composite resin were prepared for color change test. The composite resins were divided into 4 groups (n=12): one conventional composite resin (Filtek Z250) and three bulk-fill composite resins (Filtek Bulk Fill, Aura Bulk Fill, and Opus Bulk Fill). The samples were stained with 20 mL coffee solution for 7 days, with the solution being replaced every 24 h. The color change analysis was performed using a spectrophotometer, according to the CIE Lab formula. Data were analyzed using the Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey HSD tests (α=0.05). Results: The results revealed significant differences in color change among the composite resins tested (ρ<0.0001). The Aura Bulk Fill and Opus Bulk Fill showed the highest color change values. Conclusion:Thus, all the resins analyzed were susceptible to extrinsic staining with coffee, and the Filtek Bulk Fill showed the lowest color change value (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar a estabilidade da cor de diferentes resinas compostas bulk fill após coloração extrínseca com café. Material e Métodos: 48 corpos-de-prova em forma de disco (6 mm de diâmetro x 4 mm de espessura) de cada resina composta foram preparados para o teste de alteração de cor. As resinas compostas foram divididas em 4 grupos (n = 12): uma resina composta convencional (Filtek Z250) e três resinas compostas bulk-fill (Filtek Bulk Fill, Aura Bulk Fill e Opus Bulk Fill). As amostras foram coradas com 20 mL de solução de café por 7 dias, sendo a solução substituída a cada 24 horas. A análise da mudança de cor foi realizada em espectrofotômetro, de acordo com a fórmula CIE Lab. Os dados foram analisados por meio dos testes de Análise de Variância (ANOVA) e Tukey HSD (α = 0,05). Resultados: Os resultados revelaram diferenças significativas na mudança de cor entre as resinas compostas testadas (ρ <0,0001). A Aura Bulk Fill e a Opus Bulk Fill apresentaram os maiores valores de alteração de cor. Conclusão: Assim, todas as resinas analisadas foram suscetíveis à coloração extrínseca com café, sendo que a Filtek Bulk Fill apresentou o menor valor de alteração de cor. (AU)


Assuntos
Análise de Variância , Café , Cor , Resinas Compostas , Odontologia
6.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 393-398, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666065

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of the application of different electric currents on dentin bonding and resin infiltration of self-etching and etch-and-rinse adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred four sound third molars were selected and divided in groups according to the adhesive (self-etch [CSE, Clearfil SE Bond, Kuraray Noritake], universal [SBU, Single Bond Universal, 3M Oral Care], and etch-and-rinse [SB2, Adper Single Bond 2 (SB2), 3M Oral Care]) and electrical current used (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 µA). Light curing was performed for 10 s with an LED-curing unit at 1000 mW/cm2. Composite blocks were constructed of nanofilled composite in increments of 2 mm, which were light cured for 20 s. Specimens were sectioned into sticks with a cross-sectional area of ~1 mm2 and stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) testing (n = 8) was performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until failure. The bonding quality (n = 2) of adhesives applied with or without 35-µA electric current was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Bond strengths were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: CSE presented the highest µTBS for all electrical currents tested. For CSE and SBU, electrical currents from 0-20 µA showed the lowest µTBS. Electrical currents from 0-10 and 20-25 µA yielded the lowest µTBS for SB2. CSE and SB2 applied under 35 µA showed a greater number of resin tags in dentin tubules. Fluorescein penetration into the hybrid layer was found for SBU applied without electric current. CONCLUSION: The application of adhesives using 35-µA electric current improved the bond strength and quality of the adhesive interface.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
7.
J Prosthodont ; 29(4): 298-308, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994803

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro bond strength of universal adhesive systems to indirect substrates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two reviewers performed a literature search up to March 2018 in seven databases: PubMed, Web of Science, SciELO, Scopus, LILACS, IBECS, and BBO. The review included studies that compared the bond strength of universal adhesives and well-established material-specific primers to indirect substrates: lithium disilicate ceramic, yttrium-stabilized zirconium dioxide ceramic, leucite-reinforced ceramic, feldspathic porcelain, polymer infiltrated ceramic material, resin composite or metal alloys. Analyses were carried out using RevMan 5.3.5. A global comparison was performed with the standardized mean difference using a random-effects models at a significance level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: A total of 45 studies were included in the qualitative analysis, and the meta-analysis was performed with 42 studies. Bond strength to glass-based ceramics and alloys was improved with the use of a specific-primer as separate step before the bonding procedures (lithium disilicate, p < 0.001; alloys, p < 0.001). The bond strength to zirconium substrates was improved with the use of universal adhesives (p < 0.001). For bond strength to composite resin as indirect substrate, universal adhesives performed in a manner similar to that of the material-specific primer (p = 0.11). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical procedure of luting zirconia and resin composite restorations could be simplified by using single-bottle universal adhesives. However, the ability of universal adhesives to achieve an adequate and durable bond to glass-based ceramics and alloys appears to be limited.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
8.
Eur J Dent ; 13(3): 349-353, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the plastic deformation of the hexagonal connection, and the removal torque of the implant-abutment joint of two dental implants combined with internal or external hexagonal connection implants after mechanical cycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four dental implants were used in the study. Half of the implants had internal hexagonal connections (IH; Titamax II Plus) and the other half had external hexagonal connections (EH; Titamax Ti Ex). Four groups of two types of dental implant abutments (titanium: Ti, UCLA II Plus and zirconia: Zr, fabricated by CAD/CAM; n = 6) were investigated. The abutments received a metallic crown and the settings were submitted to mechanical cycling (MC; 106 cycles, axial load, 120N). The connection surface area was measured by scanning electron microscope (SEM) images. The removal torque was evaluated and the plastic deformation of the hexagonal surface of the implant was measured by comparing the images before and after MC. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Paired-t test was used to analyze the data statistically at a significance level of α = 0.05. RESULTS: The torque values decreased for all groups after MC, and the hexagonal surface area decreased due to plastic deformation for IH and EH associated with Zr abutments. CONCLUSIONS: Zirconia abutments showed the worst plastic deformation of the implant connection surface and torque loosening when associated with IH implant.

9.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 285-290, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695508

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different concentrations of two photoinitiators and one co-initiator on the flexural strength (FS) and elastic modulus (E) of experimental resin cements. Materials and methods: A mixture containing BisGMA, TEGDMA, and barium-aluminum-silicate (BaAlSi) and silanized colloidal silica (SiO2) filler particles was prepared with two photoinitiators, viz. camphorquinone (CQ) and bisacylphosphine oxide (BAPO). Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) was used as co-initiator. Thirty groups (n=10) were formulated with different photoinitiator systems (CQ/DMAEMA and BAPO/DMAEMA) and concentrations (wt%) of photoinitiator and co-initiator. The photoactivation was carried out for 20 s with a light-emitting diode (LED, Bluephase, Ivoclar Vivadent) with irradiance of 1200 mW/cm2. The FS and E were obtained in a three-point bending test on a universal testing machine (0.5 mm/min). Data were subjected to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test, followed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: No polymerization occurred in the CQ groups without DMAEMA (0 wt%). DMAEMA 0.5 %wt and 1 %wt groups showed statistically similar FS and E results for CQ and BAPO, except for CQ 0.3 wt% (FS), CQ 0.9wt% (E) and BAPO 1.76 wt% (FS and E) for DMAEMA 0.5 %wt. No significant difference was found for FS and E values for different concentrations of photoinitiators, except for CQ 0.25 wt% (FS and E) and BAPO 0.25 wt% (E) that showed the lowest values. Conclusion: The wt% of the photoinitiators and co-initiator influenced the mechanical properties and the performance of CQ was dependent on the DMAEMA concentration. BAPO can be used as substitute for the conventional CQ/DMAEMA photoinitiator system.

10.
Braz Dent J ; 30(4): 350-355, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340224

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different glass fiber posts (GFPs) diameters on the push-out bond strength to dentin. Forty unirradicular human teeth were endodontically treated and used for cementation of GFPs (White Post DC, FGM) with different diameters (n=10): P1 - ø 1.6 mm coronal x 0.85 mm apical; P2 - ø 1.8 mm coronal x 1.05 mm apical; P5 - ø 1.4 mm coronal x 0.65 mm apical; and PC - customized post number 0.5 with composite resin (Tetric Ceram A2, Ivoclair Vivadent). All GFPs were cemented into the root canal using a dual-curing luting composite (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent). One slice (1.7 mm) of each root third of cemented GFP (cervical, middle, and apical) was submitted to push-out testing. Failure modes of all specimens were classified as: adhesive failure between resin cement and post; adhesive failure between dentin and resin cement; cohesive failure within resin cement, post or dentin; and mixed failure. The data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (a=0.05). The highest bond strength values were presented for the P2 and PC groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the GFP thirds in each group. The groups P2, P5, and PC showed predominantly adhesive failure. For P1, the most prevalent type of failure was adhesive between resin cement and post. It may be concluded that a glass fiber post that is well adapted to the root canal presents higher bond strength values, regardless of GFP third.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Dentina , Vidro , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 350-355, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011562

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different glass fiber posts (GFPs) diameters on the push-out bond strength to dentin. Forty unirradicular human teeth were endodontically treated and used for cementation of GFPs (White Post DC, FGM) with different diameters (n=10): P1 - ø 1.6 mm coronal x 0.85 mm apical; P2 - ø 1.8 mm coronal x 1.05 mm apical; P5 - ø 1.4 mm coronal x 0.65 mm apical; and PC - customized post number 0.5 with composite resin (Tetric Ceram A2, Ivoclair Vivadent). All GFPs were cemented into the root canal using a dual-curing luting composite (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent). One slice (1.7 mm) of each root third of cemented GFP (cervical, middle, and apical) was submitted to push-out testing. Failure modes of all specimens were classified as: adhesive failure between resin cement and post; adhesive failure between dentin and resin cement; cohesive failure within resin cement, post or dentin; and mixed failure. The data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (a=0.05). The highest bond strength values were presented for the P2 and PC groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the GFP thirds in each group. The groups P2, P5, and PC showed predominantly adhesive failure. For P1, the most prevalent type of failure was adhesive between resin cement and post. It may be concluded that a glass fiber post that is well adapted to the root canal presents higher bond strength values, regardless of GFP third.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o impacto de diferentes diâmetros de pinos de fibra de vidro (PFVs) na resistência de união à dentina. Quarenta dentes humanos unirradiculares foram tratados endodonticamente e utilizados para cimentação de PFVs (White Post DC, FGM) com diferentes diâmetros (n=10): P1 - ø 1,6 mm coronal x 0,85 mm apical; P2 - ø 1,8 mm coronal x 1,05 mm apical; P5 - ø 1,4 mm coronal x 0,65 mm apical; e PC - pino número 0,5 individualizado com resina composta (Tetric Ceram A2, Ivoclair Vivadent). Todos os PFVs foram cimentados no canal radicular usando cimento resinoso dual (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent). As raízes foram seccionadas em três secções (cervical, média e apical) e submetidas ao teste push-out. Os modos de falha de todos os espécimes foram classificados em falha adesiva entre o cimento resinoso e pino, falha adesiva entre dentina e cimento resinoso, falha coesiva no cimento resinoso, pino ou dentina e falha mista. Os dados foram analisados ​​com ANOVA two-way e teste de Tukey (a=0,05). Os maiores valores de resistência da união foram apresentados para os grupos P2 e PC. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os terços dos PFVs cimentados na raiz para cada grupo. Os grupos P2, P5 e PC apresentaram predominantemente falha adesiva entre a dentina e o cimento resinoso. Para o grupo P1, o tipo de falha mais prevalente foi a adesiva entre cimento resinoso e pino. Pode-se concluir que o pino de fibra de vidro bem adaptado ao canal radicular apresentou os maiores valores de resistência da união, independentemente do terço dos PFVs.

12.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 107(6): 2195-2201, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30637978

RESUMO

To evaluate the properties of experimental mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) resin-modified materials for root-end filling procedures, varying their compositions regarding the addition of hydroxiapatite (HA) or dicalcium phosphate dihydrate, with or without chlorhexidine digluconate. White MTA (Angelus, Londrina, Brazil) was used as a reference material. Degree of conversion (DC) was evaluated by Fourier transformed infrared (FTIr) spectroscopy (n = 5). Flowability (n = 3) and radiopacity (n = 3) were evaluated following ISO 6876:2001 methods. For splitting tensile strength analysis, cylindrical samples (n = 10) were subjected to compressive load using a universal testing machine (Instron Corporation, Norwood, MA). Water sorption and solubility tests were performed according to ISO 4049:2009 methods. Calcium ion release and pH analysis (n = 10) were evaluated using a pH meter (Orion, Watsonville, CA). Cytotoxicity (n = 8) of materials extracts was evaluated as cell viability percentage. Statistical analysis was performed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov for normal distribution and data was subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α = 0.05). Addition of chlorhexidine digluconate reduced DC mean values for experimental materials (<50%). White MTA demonstrated lower flowability (5.3 mm) and higher radiopacity (9.8 mm Al), splitting tensile strength (9.1 MPa), solubility (8.2 µg/mm3 ), calcium ion release (~26.5 ppm), cytotoxicity (55.2%), and pH mean values (10.8), when compared to experimental materials. All groups demonstrated a decrease in calcium release (<85%) and pH (<13%). Formulation containing HA demonstrated similar pH values after 28 days when compared to white MTA. Evaluated experimental resin-modified MTA based materials without chlorhexidine digluconate showed satisfactory results for all physico-chemical properties tested and cytotoxicity. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 107B: 2195-2201, 2019.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Compostos de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Alumínio/farmacocinética , Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacocinética , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Clorexidina/química , Clorexidina/farmacocinética , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Camundongos , Óxidos/química , Óxidos/farmacocinética , Óxidos/farmacologia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacocinética , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Silicatos/química , Silicatos/farmacocinética , Silicatos/farmacologia
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191505, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1095165

RESUMO

Aim: In dental implant treatment, there is a demand for mechanically stronger implants. Despite the existence of several studies showing the clinical success of narrow diameter implants, most of them are based on pure titanium (cpTi) alloys. There is a few clinical evidences of the success rate of titanium-zirconium (TiZr) narrow diameter implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution in the peri-implant area of narrow diameter cpTi and TiZr implants under axial and oblique loads. Methods: Photoelastic models were produced using epoxy resin (PL2, Vishay Precision Group) from a master model. The implants (cpTi and TiZr; Straumann AG) had 3.3 mm in diameter and 12 mm in height. Loads of 100 N and 200 N were applied to the abutment at angles of 0° (axial), 10°, 20°, and 30° (oblique). A circular polariscope (Eikonal) was used under dark field white-light configuration. The isochromatic fringes were analyzed in the peri-implant region in 5 areas, using ASTM table with isochromatic fringes; cervical-mesial, cervical-distal, mid-mesial, mid-distal and apical. Results: In general, under axial and oblique loads, the stress in the TiZr implant was lower than in the cpTi implant. The load of 200 N produced the highest stress values in cpTi and TiZr implants. In both implants and loads, the fringes were located more in apical area at all angles evaluated. Conclusion: It can be concluded that for small implants, the load inclination and intensity change the pattern of stress distribution and the cpTi implant exhibited the highest peri-implant stress


Assuntos
Estresse Mecânico , Titânio , Implantes Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário
14.
Journal of Oral Investigations ; 7(2): 58-68, jul.-dez. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-915378

RESUMO

Objetivos: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a resistência à compressão, tração diametral e flexão de dois cimentos resinosos de presa dual. Métodos: foi utilizado o cimento autoadesivo RelyX U200 (3M ESPE) e o cimento convencional Variolink II (Ivoclar Vivadent). Foram confeccionados corpos de prova cilíndricos com 4mm de diâmetro x 6mm de altura para o teste de compressão, 6mm de diâmetro x 2mm de altura para o teste de tração diametral (ISO 9917-1:2007) e em forma de barra com 25mm de comprimento x 2mm de altura e largura para o teste de flexão três pontos (ISO 4049:2009). As amostras foram armazenadas por 24h (n = 10) e 45 dias (n = 10) em água destilada a 37ºC. Os testes foram realizados em uma máquina universal de ensaios EMIC (DL 2000) com uma célula de carga de 2000 Kgf para o teste de compressão e 200 Kgf para os testes de tração diametral e flexão, à uma velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância dois critérios (ANOVA) e as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey (5%). Resultados: os resultados mostraram valores estatisticamente similares para todas as propriedades mecânicas avaliadas entre todos os cimentos e tempos de armazenamento estudados. Conclusões: A composição química dos cimentos resinosos e o armazenamento em água por 45 dias não foram suficientes para ocasionar alterações nas propriedades mecânicas avaliadas nesse estudo(AU)


Objectives: the aim of this study was to evaluate the compressive, diametral tensile and flexural strength of two dual resin cements. Materials and methods: RelyX U200 self-adhesive cement (3M ESPE) and the conventional Variolink II cement (Ivoclar Vivadent) were used. The test consisted in the preparation of cylindrical specimens measuring 4mm diameter x 6mm height for compression test, 6mm diameter x 2mm height for diametral tensile test (ISO 9917-1: 2007) and in shape of bar with 25mm length x 2mm height and width for three-point bending test (ISO 4049: 2009). The samples were stored for 24 h (n = 10) and 45 days (n = 10) in distilled water at 37°C. The tests were performed in a universal EMIC testing machine (DL 2000) with a load of 2000 Kgf for compressive test and 200 Kgf for diametral tensile and flexural strength tests at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were submitted to analysis of variance (two-way ANOVA), and the means were compared by the Tukey test (5%). Results: the results showed statistically similar values of all the mechanical properties evaluated between all the resin cements and storage times. Conclusions: The chemical composition of the resin cements and storage in water for 45 days were not enough to cause changes in the mechanical properties evaluated in this study(AU)


Assuntos
Cimentos de Resina , Adesividade , Força Compressiva , Resistência à Tração
15.
Prótesenews ; 5(3): 280-287, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-916049

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar a resistência à flexão biaxial e microdureza Vickers de cerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio prensadas e usinadas. Foram confeccionados 34 discos (12 mm de diâmetro por 0,9 mm de espessura) de cerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio, sendo 17 usinadas (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) e 17 prensadas (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar Vivadent). Os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados a 37ºC durante 24 horas. O teste de resistência à fl exão biaxial (n=12) foi realizado em uma máquina de ensaio universal (Oswaldo Filizola BME ­ São Paulo/SP, Brasil) a uma velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados de resistência à fl exão foram obtidos em N e a tensão em MPa foi calculada. O teste de microdureza Vickers (n=5) foi realizado em um durômetro (Future-Tech Corp. Model FM-700 ­ Tóquio, Japão) com cinco indentações por corpo-de-prova (50 g/15 s). Todos os dados foram avaliados quanto à normalidade pelo teste paramétrico de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, sendo posteriormente submetidos à análise de variância (Anova) um fator, e as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey (α=0,05). As cerâmicas testadas não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente signifi cantes nos valores de resistência à fl exão biaxial (p=0,065), entretanto a cerâmica IPS e.max Press apresentou maiores valores de microdureza (p=0,0001). Concluiu-se que a cerâmica à base de dissilicato de lítio prensada apresenta maior valor de dureza, em comparação com a mesma cerâmica usinada. (AU)


The aim in this in vitro study was to evaluate the biaxial flexural strength and Vickers microhardness of pressable and CAD/CAM lithium-disilicate ceramics. Thirty-four samples of lithium-disilicate ceramics (12 mm diameter x 0.9 mm thick), 17 for CAD/CAM system (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and 17 pressable (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar Vivadent). The specimens were stored at 37ºC for 24h. The biaxial fl exural strength test (n=12) was performed in a universal testing machine (Oswaldo Filizola BME ­ São Paulo/SP, Brazil) at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The biaxial fl exural strength data were obtained in N and converted to MPa. The Vickers microhardness test (n=5) was performed using a micro-hardness tester (Future-Tech Corp. Model FM-700 ­ Tokyo, Japan) with 5 indentations per specimen (50 g, 15 s). All data were evaluated using normality test (Kolmogorov- Smirnov) and the mean values were analyzed statistically by one-way Anova and Tukey's test (α=0.05). The ceramics evaluated did not present statistically signifi cant diff erences in the biaxial fl exural strength values (p=0.065). However, the IPS e.max Press ceramic showed the highest mean values of microhardness (p=0.0001). It is concluded that the forming technique of lithium-disilicate ceramics infl uences the Vickers microhardness values. (AU)


Assuntos
Resistência à Tração , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Dureza
16.
Int J Dent ; 2018: 2374327, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29971106

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the shear bond strength between different artificial teeth and denture base polymerized by two polymerization methods submitted to thermocycling. Materials and Methods: Two acrylic resins were selected according to the polymerization method (water-bath and microwave), and four different artificial teeth (Biotone, Dentsply; Trilux, Vipi Dent; Premium 8, Heraeus Kulzer; Soluut PX, Yamahachi) were also tested. The polymerization of the acrylic resin was performed by using conventional cycle (8 h at 74°C) in water-bath and using two cycles (20 min at 270 W + 5 min at 360 W) by the microwave method. The shear bond strength was evaluated after 24 h of water storage at 37°C (immediately) and after the thermocycling test (5,000 cycles, 5-55°C). The shear bond strength (n=10) was performed using a universal testing machine (Instron 4411) at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/min. Modes of failures were classified as cohesive and adhesive. The data (MPa) were statistically analyzed by three-way ANOVA, and the mean values were compared by the Tukey test (α = 0.05). Results: In general, the polymerization by microwave showed the highest shear bond strength values, and Trilux artificial teeth had the lowest bond strength values (p < 0.05). Thermocycling did not affect the shear bond strength (p < 0.05). There was a predominance of cohesive failures for all groups. Conclusions: The chemical composition of the artificial teeth affects the bond strength, and the microwave method is preferable to perform the acrylic resin polymerization.

17.
Braz Dent J ; 29(2): 195-201, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898068

RESUMO

This study investigated the bond strength of two experimental root canal sealers based on MTA and butyl ethylene glycol disalicylate: MTAe and MTAe-HA. The reference materials used for comparison were AH Plus and MTA Fillapex. Twenty human upper incisors were selected and one 1 mm slice was obtained from the cervical third of each root. On the coronal surface of each slice, four 0.9 mm wide holes were drilled through the dentine. Standardized irrigation was performed and holes were filled with one of the four tested sealers: AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, MTAe, and MTAe-HA. The filled slices were stored in a PBS solution (pH 7.2) for 7 days at 37 °C. A push-out assessment was performed with a 0.7 mm plunger tip. Load was applied at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until sealer displacement. The results were expressed in MPa. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to assess the effect of each sealer on the push-out bond strength. Mann-Whitney with Bonferroni correction was used to isolate the differences. The alpha-type error was set at 0.05. Significant differences among medians values obtained by materials were observed (p<0.001). AH Plus displayed the highest value of bond strength (p<0.001). In contrast, MTA Fillapex presented the lowest bond strength among all tested sealers (p<0.001). Experimental sealers showed intermediary bond strength values, with no statistical differences between them (p>0.05). In conclusion, experimental root canal sealers presented suitable bond strength outcomes when compared to MTA Fillapex.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Etilenoglicol/química , Etilenoglicóis/química , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Salicilatos/química , Silicatos/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos
18.
Journal of Oral Investigations ; 7(1): 14-21, jan.-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-915456

RESUMO

Objetivos: O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar a resistência da união ao microcisalhamento de uma resina composta microhíbrida de baixa viscosidade (fluida) e de um cimento resinoso fotopolimerizável aplicados a uma cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio. Métodos: Discos de uma cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) foram divididos em 2 grupos (n = 10), de acordo com material utilizado para a cimentação: cimento resinoso (Allcem Veneer, FGM) ou resina composta microhíbrida fluida (Opallis Fluida, FGM). Previamente a aplicação do material para cimentação, todas as cerâmicas receberam tratamento superficial padronizado: condicionamento com ácido fluorídrico a 10% (Condac Porcelana, FGM) por 20 s, lavagem com água por 60 s, secagem com ar por 30s e aplicação de silano (Prosil, FGM). Os materiais foram inseridos em uma matriz elastomérica (0,5 mm x 1,2 mm) sobre o bloco cerâmico. Quatro cilindros por grupo foram construídos e fotoativados por um aparelho de diodo emissor de luz (LED, Valo, Ultradent) por 40 s a uma irradiância de 1200 mW/cm2. O teste de microcisalhamento foi feito utilizando uma máquina de ensaio universal (EMIC) a uma velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados (MPa) foram submetidos ao teste de normalidade (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) e one-way ANOVA, sendo as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey (α=0,05). Resultados: O cimento resinoso apresentou resistência da união ao microcisalhamento estatisticamente superior à resina composta fluida (ρ=0,020). Conclusão: Melhor desempenho na união à cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio foi obtido utilizando cimento resinoso(AU)


Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the microshear bond strength of microhybrid flowable composite resin and light-curing resin cement to a lithium disilicate glass ceramic. Methods: Discs of a lithium disilicate glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) were divided into 2 groups (n = 10), according to the material used: resin cement (Allcem Veneer, FGM) or microhybrid flowable composite resin (Opallis Flow, FGM). Before the cementation procedure, ceramics discs received the same surface treatment: etching with 10% hydrofluoric acid gel (Condac Porcelana, FGM) for 20 s, rinsed with water for 60 s, dried with compressed air for 30 s, and silane application (Prosil, FGM). Materials were inserted into cylinder shaped orifices of an elastomeric matrix (0.5 mm x 1.2 mm) onto the ceramic surface. Four cylinders were built-up for each group and photoactivated using a light-emitting diode (LED, Valo Ultradent) for 40 s with 1200 mW/cm2 of irradiance. The microshear bond strength test was performed using a universal testing machine (EMIC) at cross-head speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data (MPa) were submitted to normality test (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) and one-way ANOVA and the means compared by Tukey test (α=0.05). Results: The resin cement showed bond strength values statistically superior to microhybrid flowable composite resin (p=0.020). Conclusion: Better bond performance to lithium disilicate glass ceramic was achieved using resin cement(AU)


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários
19.
J Adv Prosthodont ; 10(2): 122-127, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29713432

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the dimensional stability of a complete-arch prosthesis processed by conventional method in water bath or microwave energy and polymerized by two different curing cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty maxillary complete-arch prostheses were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): MW1 - acrylic resin cured by one microwave cycle; MW2 - acrylic resin cured by two microwave cycles: WB1 - conventional acrylic resin polymerized using one curing cycle in a water bath; WB2 - conventional acrylic resin polymerized using two curing cycles in a water bath. For evaluation of dimensional stability, occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) and area of contact points were measured in two different measurement times: before and after the polymerization method. A digital caliper was used for OVD measurement. Occlusal contact registration strips were used between maxillary and mandibular dentures to measure the contact points. The images were measured using the software IpWin32, and the differences before and after the polymerization methods were calculated. The data were statistically analyzed using the one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α = .05). RESULTS: he results demonstrated significant statistical differences for OVD between different measurement times for all groups. MW1 presented the highest OVD values, while WB2 had the lowest OVD values (P<.05). No statistical differences were found for area of contact points among the groups (P=.7150). CONCLUSION: The conventional acrylic resin polymerized using two curing cycles in a water bath led to less difference in OVD of complete-arch prosthesis.

20.
Gen Dent ; 66(2): e11-e15, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29513243

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength between an yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramic and a luting agent when submitted to plasma etching surface treatment before and after thermocycling (TC) with 3000 cycles of 5°C-55°C. The null hypothesis was that the surface treatments and thermocycling would not influence the bond strength. A total of 160 Y-TZP ceramic blocks in 2 sizes (10 size 1 and 10 size 2 blocks in each group) were distributed into 8 groups: group C (control), no surface treatment; group C-TC, TC without prior surface treatment; group SAO, sandblasting with aluminum oxide (Al2O3); group SAO-TC, sandblasting with Al2O3 followed by TC; group SAOS, sandblasting with silica-coated Al2O3; group SAOS-TC, sandblasting with silica-coated Al2O3 followed by TC; group PE, plasma etching; and group PE-TC, plasma etching followed by TC. In each group, size 1 blocks were cemented to size 2 blocks to fabricate specimens for microshear bond strength testing (n = 10 per group). Cementation followed surface treatments (except in control groups) and preceded any TC. All specimens were cemented using a luting agent that contained 10-meth-acryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP). The specimens were submitted to a microshear bond strength test and the means were analyzed with a 2-factor analysis of variance and Tukey test. Group PE showed the highest bond strength value before thermocycling (17.31 MPa). After thermocycling, the highest value was observed in the SAO-TC group (9.73 MPa), and statistically significant differences were observed between SAOS-TC and SAO-TC (P < 0.05) and PE-TC and SAO-TC (P < 0.05). Plasma etching improved the bond strength values between the Y-TZP ceramic and MDP-containing luting agent before thermocycling. After thermocycling, all groups showed lower bond strength values.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários/química , Corrosão Dentária/métodos , Ítrio/química , Zircônio/química , Óxido de Alumínio , Cimentação , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Gases em Plasma , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Dióxido de Silício , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura
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