Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805978

RESUMO

A few low order approximants to decagonal quasicrystals have been shown to provide excellent activity and selectivity for the hydrogenation of alkynes. It is the case for the orthorhombic o-Al13Co4 compound, for which the catalytic properties of the pseudo-twofold orientation have been revealed to be among the best. A combination of surface science studies, including Surface X-Ray Diffraction, and calculations based on Density Functional Theory, is used here to derive an atomistic model for the pseudo-twofold o-Al13Co4 surface, whose faceted and columnar structure is found very similar to the one of the twofold surface of the decagonal d-Al-Ni-Co quasicrystal. Facets substantially stabilize the system, with energies in the range 1.19-1.31 J/m2 , i.e. much smaller than the ones of the pseudo-tenfold (1.49-1.68 J/m2) and pseudo-twofold (1.66 J/m2) surfaces. Faceting is also a main factor at the origin of the o-Al13Co4 catalytic performances, as illustrated by the comparison of the pseudo-tenfold, pseudo-twofold and facet potential energy maps for hydrogen adsorption. This work contributes to a better fundamental understanding of the catalytic properties of quasicrystals and related phases, and gives insights towards the design of complex intermetallics catalysts through surface nanostructuration for optimized performances.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12760, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728084

RESUMO

We explore the use of continuous scanning during data acquisition for Bragg coherent diffraction imaging, i.e., where the sample is in continuous motion. The fidelity of continuous scanning Bragg coherent diffraction imaging is demonstrated on a single Pt nanoparticle in a flow reactor at [Formula: see text] in an Ar-based gas flowed at 50 ml/min. We show a reduction of 30% in total scan time compared to conventional step-by-step scanning. The reconstructed Bragg electron density, phase, displacement and strain fields are in excellent agreement with the results obtained from conventional step-by-step scanning. Continuous scanning will allow to minimise sample instability under the beam and will become increasingly important at diffraction-limited storage ring light sources.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(42): 39315-39323, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547648

RESUMO

Synchrotron experiments combining real-time stress, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray reflectivity measurements, complemented by in situ electron diffraction and photon electron spectroscopy measurements, revealed a detailed picture of the interfacial silicide formation during deposition of ultrathin Pd layers on amorphous silicon. Initially, an amorphous Pd2Si interlayer is formed. At a critical thickness of 2.3 nm, this layer crystallizes and the resulting volume reduction leads to a tensile stress buildup. The [111] textured Pd2Si layer continues to grow up to a thickness of ≈3.7 nm and is subsequently covered by a Pd layer with [111] texture. The tensile stress relaxes already during Pd2Si growth. A comparison between the texture formation on SiOx and a-Si shows that the silicide layer serves as a template for the Pd layer, resulting in a surprisingly narrow texture of only 3° after 800 s Pd deposition. The texture formation of Pd and Pd2Si can be explained by the low lattice mismatch between Pd(111) and Pd2Si(111). The combined experimental results indicate a similar interface formation mechanism for Pd on a-Si and c-Si, whereas the resulting silicide texture depends on the Si surface. A new strain relaxation mechanism via grain boundary diffusion is proposed, taking into account the influence of the thickness-dependent crystallization on the material transport through the silicide layer. In combination with the small lattice mismatch, the grain boundary diffusion facilitates the growth of Pd clusters, explaining thus the well-defined thickness of the interfacial silicide layer, which limits the miniaturization of self-organized silicide layers for microelectronic devices.

4.
Nanoscale ; 11(2): 752-761, 2019 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30566167

RESUMO

Au-Cu bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) grown on TiO2(110) have been followed in situ using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy from their synthesis to their exposure to a CO/O2 mixture at low pressure (P < 10-5 mbar) and at different temperatures (300 K-470 K). As-prepared samples are composed of two types of alloyed NPs: randomly oriented and epitaxial NPs. Whereas the introduction of CO has no effect on the structure of the NPs, an O2 introduction triggers a Cu surface segregation phenomenon resulting in the formation of a Cu2O shell reducible by annealing the sample over 430 K. A selective re-orientation of the nanoparticles, induced by the exposure to a CO/O2 mixture, is observed where the randomly oriented NPs take advantage of the mobility induced by the Cu segregation to re-orient their Au-rich core relatively to the TiO2(110) substrate following specifically the orientation ((111)NPs//(110)TiO2) when others epitaxial relationships were observed on the as-prepared sample.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(33): 28003-28014, 2018 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30085643

RESUMO

Multiferroic biphase systems with robust ferromagnetic and ferroelectric response at room temperature would be ideally suitable for voltage-controlled nonvolatile memories. Understanding the role of strain and charges at interfaces is central for an accurate control of the ferroelectricity as well as of the ferromagnetism. In this paper, we probe the relationship between the strain and the ferromagnetic/ferroelectric properties in the layered CoFe2O4/BaTiO3 (CFO/BTO) model system. For this purpose, ultrathin epitaxial bilayers, ranging from highly strained to fully relaxed, were grown by molecular beam epitaxy on Nb:SrTiO3(001). The lattice characteristics, determined by X-ray diffraction, evidence a non-intuitive cross-correlation: the strain in the bottom BTO layer depends on the thickness of the top CFO layer and vice versa. Plastic deformation participates in the relaxation process through dislocations at both interfaces, revealed by electron microscopy. Importantly, the switching of the BTO ferroelectric polarization, probed by piezoresponse force microscopy, is found dependent on the CFO thickness: the larger is the latter, the easiest is the BTO switching. In the thinnest thickness regime, the tetragonality of BTO and CFO has a strong impact on the 3d electronic levels of the different cations, which were probed by X-ray linear dichroism. The quantitative determination of the nature and repartition of the magnetic ions in CFO, as well as of their magnetic moments, has been carried out by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, with the support of multiplet calculations. While bulklike ferrimagnetism is found for 5-15 nm thick CFO layers with a magnetization resulting as expected from the Co2+ ions alone, important changes occur at the interface with BTO over a thickness of 2-3 nm because of the formation of Fe2+ and Co3+ ions. This oxidoreduction process at the interface has strong implications concerning the mechanisms of polarity compensation and coupling in multiferroic heterostructures.

6.
Nano Lett ; 17(1): 341-347, 2017 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27981850

RESUMO

Producing a usable semiconducting form of graphene has plagued the development of graphene electronics for nearly two decades. Now that new preparation methods have become available, graphene's intrinsic properties can be measured and the search for semiconducting graphene has begun to produce results. This is the case of the first graphene "buffer" layer grown on SiC(0001) presented in this work. We show, contrary to assumptions of the last 40 years, that the buffer graphene layer is not commensurate with SiC. The new modulated structure we've found resolves a long-standing contradiction where ab initio calculations expect a metallic buffer, while experimentally it is found to be a semiconductor. Model calculations using the new incommensurate structure show that the semiconducting π-band character of the buffer comes from partially hybridized graphene incommensurate boundaries surrounding unperturbed graphene islands.

7.
ACS Nano ; 9(12): 11678-89, 2015 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26521895

RESUMO

We investigated composite films of gold nanoparticles (NPs)/liquid crystal (LC) defects as a model system to understand the key parameters, which allow for an accurate control of NP anisotropic self-assemblies using soft templates. We combined spectrophotometry, Raman spectroscopy, and grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering with calculations of dipole coupling models and soft sphere interactions. We demonstrate that dense arrays of elementary edge dislocations can strongly localize small NPs along the defect cores, resulting in formation of parallel chains of NPs. Furthermore, we show that within the dislocation cores the inter-NP distances can be tuned. This phenomenon appears to be driven by the competition between "soft (nano)sphere" attraction and LC-induced repulsion. We evidence two extreme regimes controlled by the solvent evaporation: (i) when the solvent evaporates abruptly, the spacing between neighboring NPs in the chains is dominated by van der Waals interactions between interdigitated capping ligands, leading to chains of close-packed NPs; (ii) when the solvent evaporates slowly, strong interdigitation between the is avoided, leading to a dominating LC-induced repulsion between NPs associated with the replacement of disordered cores by NPs. The templating of NPs by topological defects, beyond the technological inquiries, may enable creation, investigation, and manipulation of unique collective features for a wide range of nanomaterials.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(8): 5795-804, 2015 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25626848

RESUMO

The correlation between surface structure, stoichiometry and atomic occupancy of the polar MgAl2O4(100) surface has been studied with an interplay of noncontact atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and surface X-ray diffraction under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The Al/Mg ratio is found to significantly increase as the surface is sputtered and annealed in oxygen at intermediate temperatures ranging from 1073-1273 K. The Al excess is explained by the observed surface structure, where the formation of nanometer-sized pits and elongated patches with Al terminated step edges contribute to stabilizing the structure by compensating surface polarity. Surface X-ray diffraction reveals a reduced occupancy in the top two surface layers for both Mg, Al, and O and, moreover, vacancies are preferably located in octahedral sites, indicating that Al and Mg ions interchange sites. The excess of Al and high concentration of octahedral vacancies, very interestingly, indicates that the top few surface layers of the MgAl2O4(100) adopts a surface structure similar to that of a spinel-like transition Al2O3 film. However, after annealing at a high temperature of 1473 K, the Al/Mg ratio restores to its initial value, the occupancy of all elements increases, and the surface transforms into a well-defined structure with large flat terraces and straight step edges, indicating a restoration of the surface stoichiometry. It is proposed that the tetrahedral vacancies at these high temperatures are filled by Mg from the bulk, due to the increased mobility at high annealing temperatures.

9.
Nanoscale ; 6(24): 15107-16, 2014 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25371292

RESUMO

A comprehensive study on the electromechanical behavior of nanoparticle-based resistive strain gauges in action through normal and grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/GISAXS) investigations is presented. The strain gauges were fabricated from arrays of colloidal gold nanoparticle (NP) wires assembled on flexible polyethylene terephthalate and polyimide substrates by convective self-assembly. Microstructural changes (mean interparticle distance variations) within these NP wires under uniaxial stretching estimated by SAXS/GISAXS are correlated to their macroscopic electrical resistance variations. SAXS measurements suggest a linear longitudinal extension and transversal contraction of the NP wires with applied strain (0 to ∼ 13%). The slope of this longitudinal variation is less than unity, implying a partial strain transfer from the substrate to the NP wires. The simultaneously measured electrical resistance of the strain gauges shows an exponential variation within the elastic domain of the substrate deformation, consistent with electron tunnelling through the interparticle gaps. A slower variation observed within the plastic domain suggests the formation of new electronic conduction pathways. Implications of transversal contraction of the NP wires on the directional sensitivities of strain gauges are evaluated by simulating electronic conduction in models mimicking a realistic NP arrangement. A loss of directionality of the NP-based strain gauges due to transversal current flow within the NP wires is deduced.

10.
ACS Nano ; 7(5): 4022-9, 2013 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23627649

RESUMO

Self-assembled vertical epitaxial nanostructures form a new class of heterostructured materials that has emerged in recent years. Interestingly, such kind of architectures can be grown using combinatorial processes, implying sequential deposition of distinct materials. Although opening many perspectives, this combinatorial nature has not been fully exploited yet. This work demonstrates that the combinatorial character of the growth can be further exploited in order to obtain alloy nanowires coherently embedded in a matrix. This issue is illustrated in the case of a fully epitaxial system: CoxNi1-x nanowires in CeO2/SrTiO3(001). The advantage brought by the ability to grow alloys is illustrated by the control of the magnetic anisotropy of the nanowires when passing from pure Ni wires to CoxNi1-x alloys. Further exploitation of this combinatorial approach may pave the way toward full three-dimensional heteroepitaxial architectures through axial structuring of the wires.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 107(3): 036102, 2011 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21838378

RESUMO

From an interplay of atom-resolved noncontact atomic force microscopy, surface x-ray diffraction experiments, and density functional theory calculations, we reveal the detailed atomic-scale structure of the (100) surface of an insulating ternary metal oxide, MgAl2O4 (spinel). We surprisingly find that the MgAl2O4(100) surface is terminated by an Al and O-rich structure with a thermodynamically favored amount of Al atoms interchanged with Mg. This finding implies that so-called Mg-Al antisites, which are defects in the bulk of MgAl2O4, become a thermodynamically stable and integral part of the surface.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA