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An Sist Sanit Navar ; 33(2): 155-65, 2010.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20927142


BACKGROUND: The objective of this paper is to evaluate body composition and energy expenditure in women with excess body weight. METHODS: There was a non-randomized, cross-sectional study with 40 women, [26 with excess weight (G1) and 14 eutrophic (G2)]. The following evaluations were made: dietetic, anthropometric and body composition (electrical bioimpedance), physical activity (three-dimensional accelerometer) and energy expenditure, basal and resting (indirect calorimetry). RESULTS: The energy intake and physical activity did not differ between groups. The parameters of body composition were higher in G1, except total body water. There was a relationship between energy expenditure and body composition. The lean mass was the biggest determinant of energy expenditure. There was no difference in metabolic parameters between groups, but lower nutrient oxidation and increased metabolic efficiency in G1 was suggested. CONCLUSION: Excess weight was associated with body composition and energy expenditure changes that justify the accumulation of body fat.

Composição Corporal , Metabolismo Energético , Sobrepeso/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos
Clin Transplant ; 14(1): 32-41, 2000 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10693633


BACKGROUND: There is controversy whether high-dose chemotherapy and a blood cell or bone marrow autotransplant is a better treatment than conventional-dose chemotherapy for women with local/regional or metastatic breast cancer. Subject selection and time-to-treatment biases make definitive comparison impossible. Recent results of randomized trials are contradictory. OBJECTIVE: Determine appropriateness of high-dose chemotherapy and a blood cell or bone marrow autotransplant in women with breast cancer. PANELISTS: Nine breast cancer experts from diverse geographic sites and practice settings. EVIDENCE: Boolean MEDLINE searches of 'breast cancer' and 'chemotherapy' and/or 'blood cell' or 'bone marrow transplants'. PROCESS: We used a modified Delphi-panel group judgement process. Clinical variables were permuted to define 2058 clinical settings. Each panelist rated appropriateness of high-dose therapy and an autotransplant versus conventional therapy on a 9-point ordinal scale (1: most inappropriate, 9: most appropriate). An appropriateness index was developed based on median rating and amount of disagreement. The relationship of appropriateness indices to the permuted clinical variables was considered by analysis of variance and recursive partitioning. CONCLUSIONS: In women with local/regional breast cancer autotransplants were rated: 1) appropriate in those with > or = 10 cancer-involved lymph nodes; 2) uncertain in those with 4-9 cancer-involved nodes; and 3) inappropriate in women with < or = 3 cancer-involved lymph nodes. In women with metastatic breast cancer autotransplants were rated: 1) appropriate in those with metastases to 'favorable' sites (skin, lymph node, pleura) and a complete or partial response to chemotherapy; 2) uncertain in women with metastases to 'unfavorable' sites (lung, liver, or central nervous system) and a complete response to chemotherapy or those with bone metastases and a complete or partial response or stable disease after chemotherapy; and 3) inappropriate in other settings.

Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Transplante Autólogo