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1.
Lancet Haematol ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Further improvement of preparative regimens before allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an unmet medical need for the growing number of older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of conditioning with treosulfan plus fludarabine compared with reduced-intensity busulfan plus fludarabine in this population. METHODS: We did an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority, phase 3 trial in 31 transplantation centres in France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Poland. Eligible patients were 18-70 years, had acute myeloid leukaemia in first or consecutive complete haematological remission (blast counts <5% in bone marrow) or myelodysplastic syndrome (blast counts <20% in bone marrow), Karnofsky index of 60% or higher, and were indicated for allogeneic HSCT but considered at an increased risk for standard myeloablative preparative regimens based on age (≥50 years), an HSCT-specific comorbidity index of more than 2, or both. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either intravenous 10 g/m2 treosulfan daily applied as a 2-h infusion for 3 days (days -4 to -2) or 0·8 mg/kg busulfan applied as a 2-h infusion at 6-h intervals on days -4 and -3. Both groups received 30 mg/m2 intravenous fludarabine daily for 5 days (days -6 to -2). The primary outcome was event-free survival 2 years after HSCT. The non-inferiority margin was a hazard ratio (HR) of 1·3. Efficacy was assessed in all patients who received treatment and completed transplantation, and safety in all patients who received treatment. The study is registered with EudraCT (2008-002356-18) and ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00822393). FINDINGS: Between June 13, 2013, and May 3, 2016, 476 patients were enrolled (240 in the busulfan group received treatment and transplantation, and in the treosulfan group 221 received treatment and 220 transplanation). At the second preplanned interim analysis (Nov 9, 2016), the primary endpoint was met and trial was stopped. Here we present the final confirmatory analysis (data cutoff May 31, 2017). Median follow-up was 15·4 months (IQR 8·8-23·6) for patients treated with treosulfan and 17·4 months (6·3-23·4) for those treated with busulfan. 2-year event-free survival was 64·0% (95% CI 56·0-70·9) in the treosulfan group and 50·4% (42·8-57·5) in the busulfan group (HR 0·65 [95% CI 0·47-0·90]; p<0·0001 for non-inferiority, p=0·0051 for superiority). The most frequently reported grade 3 or higher adverse events were abnormal blood chemistry results (33 [15%] of 221 patients in the treosulfan group vs 35 [15%] of 240 patients in the busulfan group) and gastrointestinal disorders (24 [11%] patients vs 39 [16%] patients). Serious adverse events were reported for 18 (8%) patients in the treosulfan group and 17 (7%) patients in the busulfan group. Causes of deaths were generally transplantation-related. INTERPRETATION: Treosulfan was non-inferior to busulfan when used in combination with fludarabine as a conditioning regimen for allogeneic HSCT for older or comorbid patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome. The improved outcomes in patients treated with the treosulfan-fludarabine regimen suggest its potential to become a standard preparative regimen in this population. FUNDING: medac GmbH.

2.
BMC Biol ; 17(1): 76, 2019 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The selection pressure exercised by antibiotic drugs is an important consideration for the wise stewardship of antimicrobial treatment programs. Treatment decisions are currently based on crude assumptions, and there is an urgent need to develop a more quantitative knowledge base that can enable predictions of the impact of individual antibiotics on the human gut microbiome and resistome. RESULTS: Using shotgun metagenomics, we quantified changes in the gut microbiome in two cohorts of hematological patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics; one cohort was treated with ciprofloxacin in a hospital in Tübingen and the other with cotrimoxazole in a hospital in Cologne. Analyzing this rich longitudinal dataset, we found that gut microbiome diversity was reduced in both treatment cohorts to a similar extent, while effects on the gut resistome differed. We observed a sharp increase in the relative abundance of sulfonamide antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) by 148.1% per cumulative defined daily dose of cotrimoxazole in the Cologne cohort, but not in the Tübingen cohort treated with ciprofloxacin. Through multivariate modeling, we found that factors such as individual baseline microbiome, resistome, and plasmid diversity; liver/kidney function; and concurrent medication, especially virostatic agents, influence resistome alterations. Strikingly, we observed different effects on the plasmidome in the two treatment groups. There was a substantial increase in the abundance of ARG-carrying plasmids in the cohort treated with cotrimoxazole, but not in the cohort treated with ciprofloxacin, indicating that cotrimoxazole might contribute more efficiently to the spread of resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Our study represents a step forward in developing the capability to predict the effect of individual antimicrobials on the human microbiome and resistome. Our results indicate that to achieve this, integration of the individual baseline microbiome, resistome, and mobilome status as well as additional individual patient factors will be required. Such personalized predictions may in the future increase patient safety and reduce the spread of resistance. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02058888 . Registered February 10 2014.

3.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(10): 2595-2604, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410605

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Peripheral T cell lymphomas (PTCL) are a rare and heterogeneous group of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas, showing a generally poor prognosis. In this retrospective analysis, we aimed to investigate the impact of autologous stem cell transplantation (autoSCT) in PTCL. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 58 consecutive unselected PTCL patients aged 21-71 years undergoing autoSCT as first-line consolidation as well as in the relapse setting was performed. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 67 months. A 5-year overall survival (OS) of 53% and a 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) after autoSCT of 44% was achieved. The overall relapse rate after autoSCT was 50%. On multivariate analysis, standard baseline characteristics such as age, disease stage and international prognostic index (IPI) score failed to predict outcome in our cohort. First-line treatment with autoSCT was not associated with a benefit in OS when compared to patients receiving autoSCT at relapse. Notably, autoSCT seemed to be a suitable approach even for older transplant-eligible patients (aged ≥ 60 years), with a similar 5-year OS of 49% when compared to younger patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that autoSCT can achieve long-term survival in PTCL patients even after relapse and should also be considered for eligible older patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 74(7): 2065-2074, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We assessed the efficacy and safety of an oral antimicrobial regimen for short- and long-term intestinal eradication of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-EC/KP) in immunocompromised patients. METHODS: We performed a randomized (2:1), double-blind multicentre Phase II study in four haematology-oncology departments. Patients colonized with ESBL-EC/KP received a 7 day antimicrobial regimen of oral colistin (2 × 106 IU 4×/day), gentamicin (80 mg 4×/day) and fosfomycin (three administrations of 3 g every 72 h), or placebo. Faecal, throat and urine specimens were collected on day 0, 6 ± 2, 11 ± 2, 28 ± 4 and 42 ± 4 after treatment initiation, and the quantitative burden of ESBL-EC/KP, resistance genes and changes in intestinal microbiota were analysed. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01931592. RESULTS: As the manufacture of colistin powder was suspended worldwide, the study was terminated prematurely. Overall, 29 (18 verum/11 placebo) out of 47 patients were enrolled. The short-term intestinal eradication was marginal at day 6 (verum group 15/18, 83.3% versus placebo 2/11, 18.2%; relative risk 4.58, 95% CI 1.29-16.33; Fisher's exact test P = 0.001) and not evident at later timepoints. Quantitative analysis showed a significant decrease of intestinal ESBL-EC/KP burden on day 6. Sustained intestinal eradication (day 28 + 42) was not achieved (verum, 38.9% versus placebo, 27.3%; P = 0.299). In the verum group, mcr-1 genes were detected in two faecal samples collected after treatment. Microbiome analysis showed a significant decrease in alpha diversity and a shift in beta diversity. CONCLUSIONS: In this prematurely terminated study of a 7 day oral antimicrobial eradication regimen, short-term ESBL-EC/KP suppression was marginal, while an altered intestinal microbiota composition was clearly apparent.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782988

RESUMO

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) is a frequent cause of nosocomial outbreaks. In the second half of 2015, a sharp increase in the incidence of VREfm was observed at our university medical center. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to analyze the first isolates of VREfm recovered from patients between 2010 and 2016 (n = 773) in order to decipher epidemiological change, outbreak dynamics, and possible transmission routes. VREfm isolates were analyzed using whole-genome sequencing followed by sequence type extraction and phylogenetic analysis. We examined epidemiological data, room occupancy data, and patient transferals and calculated an intensity score for patient-to-patient contact. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the presence of 38 NGS clusters and 110 single clones. The increase of VREfm was caused mainly by the expansion of two newly introduced NGS clusters, comprising VanB-type strains determined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) as sequence type 80 (ST80) and ST117. By combining phylogenetic information with epidemiological data, intrahospital transmission could be demonstrated, however to a lesser extent than initially expected based solely on epidemiological data. The outbreak clones were continuously imported from other hospitals, suggesting a change in the epidemiological situation at a regional scale. By tracking intrahospital patient transferals, two major axes could be identified that contributed to the spread of VREfm within the hospital. NGS-based outbreak analysis revealed a dramatic change in the local and regional epidemiology of VREfm, emphasizing the role of health care networks in the spread of VREfm.

6.
Oncotarget ; 9(14): 11876-11882, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29545943

RESUMO

Activating KIT D816V mutations are frequently found in CBF AML, which predicts for an unfavorable outcome. Dasatinib is a potent inhibitor of wildtype and mutant-KIT isoforms - including D816V. We now provide proof of antileukemic efficacy in a patient with relapsing mutant-KIT D816V CBF AML. Importantly, this effect is mediated via overriding the differentiation blockage of the leukemia clone. In addition, we show that dasatinib is capable to induce pulmonary differentiation syndrome - and therefore needs close monitoring of patients under therapy.

7.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 28-35, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29465357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of autologous stem cell transplantation (aSCT) on antibody (ab) reactivity towards linear epitopes of topoisomerase-I (topo-I/Scl70) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to correlate antibody reactivities with clinical outcome after aSCT. METHODS: Fourteen anti-topo-I/Scl70-positive SSc-patients were analysed before and after non-myeloablative aSCT. Five patients showed ongoing good response (group 1), 9 had primarily responded but later relapsed or did not respond (group 2). Patients' sera were tested by ELISA against full length (fl) topo-I and 45 overlapping 25-mer peptides. Furthermore, for comparison sera from patients with anti-topo-I-negative SSc (n=12), other collagen disorders (n=6), and from 21 healthy controls (HC) were analysed. RESULTS: Anti-topo-I-positive SSc-sera showed significantly higher IgG-reactivity as compared to HC towards 34 of the 45 peptides. Especially peptide 39 (aa647-671) emerged as a immunodominant epitope being recognised predominantly by anti-topo-I-positive SSc-sera. Reactivity towards 17 of the 45 peptides decreased after aSCT in group 1- and 2-patients. Before aSCT, group 1-patients had lower antibody reactivity towards peptide 39 than group 2-patients. There was no change in peptide-specificity after aSCT. CONCLUSIONS: Reactivity towards topo-I-epitopes is heterogeneous in SSc, but peptide 39 (aa647-671) may be another immunodominant epitope besides the published epitope aa489-573. Antibody reactivity to this peptide 39 was higher in group 2- than in group 1-patients. Peptide recognition pattern did not change after aSCT.

8.
BMC Genomics ; 18(1): 859, 2017 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29126393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas putida is a Gram-negative, non-fermenting bacterium frequently encountered in various environmental niches. P. putida rarely causes disease in humans, though serious infections and outbreaks have been reported from time to time. Some have suggested that P. putida functions as an exchange platform for antibiotic resistance genes (ARG), and thus represents a serious concern in the spread of ARGs to more pathogenic organisms within a hospital. Though poorly understood, the frequency of ARG exchange between P. putida and the more virulent Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its clinical relevance are particularly important for designing efficient infection control strategies, such as deciding whether high-risk patients colonized with a multidrug resistant but typically low pathogenic P. putida strain should be contact isolated or not. RESULTS: In this study, 21,373 screening samples (stool, rectal and throat swab) were examined to determine the presence of P. putida in a high-risk group of haemato-oncology patients during a 28-month period. A total of 89 P. putida group strains were isolated from 85 patients, with 41 of 89 (46.1%) strains harbouring the metallo-beta-lactamase gene bla VIM. These 41 clinical isolates, plus 18 bla VIM positive environmental P. putida isolates, and 17 bla VIM positive P. aeruginosa isolates, were characterized by whole genome sequencing (WGS). We constructed a maximum-likelihood tree to separate the 59 bla VIM positive P. putida group strains into eight distinct phylogenetic clusters. Bla VIM-1 was present in 6 clusters while bla VIM-2 was detected in 4 clusters. Five P. putida group strains contained both, bla VIM-1 and bla VIM-2 genes. In contrast, all P. aeruginosa strains belonged to a single genetic cluster and contained the same ARGs. Apart from bla VIM-2 and sul genes, no other ARGs were shared between P. aeruginosa and P. putida. Furthermore, the bla VIM-2 gene in P. aeruginosa was predicted to be only chromosomally located. CONCLUSION: These data provide evidence that no exchange of comprehensive ARG harbouring mobile genetic elements had occurred between P. aeruginosa and P. putida group strains during the study period, thus eliminating the need to implement enhanced infection control measures for high-risk patients colonized with a bla VIM positiv P. putida group strains in our clinical setting.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Meio Ambiente , Transferência Genética Horizontal , Genômica , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Pseudomonas putida/genética , Humanos , Filogenia , Pseudomonas putida/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas putida/fisiologia
9.
Ann Hematol ; 96(5): 817-827, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28247058

RESUMO

Disease relapse after one or more allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantations (HCT) represents a therapeutic challenge with all options bearing a significant morbidity and mortality. Haploidentical HCT may induce more pronounced anti-leukemic effects and was evaluated at our center in 25 consecutive patients with disease relapse after preceding HCT receiving haploidentical grafts after in vitro T cell depletion. Overall survival at 1 and 2 years was 32 and 14%, respectively. Of note, patients with complete remission (CR) before haploidentical HCT had a very favorable overall survival of 41.7% at 2 years. Cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality was 36 and 40% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. With a cumulative incidence for relapse of 36 and 45.6% at 1 and 2 years, disease-free survival (DFS) was 28 and 14.4%, respectively. Here also, patients with CR before haploidentical HCT had a favorable DFS of 42% at 2 years. Only very limited acute (11 patients (44%) with a median grade 1) and chronic graft versus host disease (GvHD) (5 patients (11%), limited grade only) was observed. The main complications and causes of death comprised-besides relapse-infections and bleeding complications. Hence, haploidentical HCT can achieve long-term survival comparable to second transplantation with matched or mismatched donors for patients with otherwise deleterious prognosis and should be considered as a treatment option for patients experiencing disease relapse after previous allogeneic HCT.


Assuntos
Haplótipos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Depleção Linfocítica , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/imunologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia/complicações , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Recidiva , Retratamento , Terapia de Salvação , Linfócitos T , Doadores de Tecidos , Quimeras de Transplante , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 143(5): 759-771, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28210842

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prolonged aplasia and graft failure (GF) represent life-threatening complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) requiring suitable biomarkers for early detection and differentiation between GF and poor graft function (PGF). Uric acid (UA) is a strong immunological danger signal. METHODS: Laboratory results were analyzed from patients undergoing either allogeneic or autologous HCT or induction chemotherapy for acute leukemia (n = 50 per group, n = 150 total). RESULTS: During therapy, UA levels declined from normal values to hypouricemic values (all p < 0.001). Alongside hematopoietic recovery, UA serum levels returned to baseline values. During aplasia, UA levels remained low and started steadily increasing (defined as >two consecutive days, median one 2-day increase) at a median of 1 day before rising leukocytes in allogeneic HCT (p = 0.01) and together with leukocytes in autologous HCT (median one 2-day increase). During induction chemotherapy, a UA increase was also observed alongside rising leukocytes/neutrophils but also several times during aplasia (median 3 increases). Most HCT patients had no detectable leukocytes during aplasia, while some leukocytes remained detectable after induction therapy. No increase in UA levels was observed without concomitant or subsequent rise of leukocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in UA serum levels can indicate incipient or remaining immunological activity after HCT or induction therapy. They may, therefore, help to differentiate between PGF and GF.


Assuntos
Anemia/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Medula Óssea/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/sangue , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Anemia/etiologia , Anemia/imunologia , Anemia/patologia , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Medula Óssea/imunologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/imunologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 56(3): 451-456, 2017 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27940597

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of autologous stem cell transplantation (aSCTrans) on antibody (Ab) reactivity towards topo I in patients with SSc, and to see whether it may correlate with clinical outcome after aSCTrans. Methods: Eighteen anti-topo/Scl70-positive patients with SSc in whom non-myeloablative aSCTrans had been performed were analysed. Seven patients showed good response without relapse for several years (group 1), eight primarily responded but later relapsed and three did not respond (group 2). A total of 74 sera were analysed at different time points and tested by ELISA against full length ( fl ) topo I, truncated ( tr ) topo I and a previously identified immunodominant epitope covering amino acid 489-573. Results: Eighty-three percent had IgG Abs to topo fl and topo tr . Ab reactivity significantly decreased after aSCTrans, but remained positive in 10 of the 11 patients followed for up to 24 months. The decrease did not correlate with the clinical outcome after aSCTrans. Fifty-six percent of the patients reacted with topo489-573, and reactivity was nearly confined to group 2. There was no correlation between Ab reactivity towards topo fl or topo489-573 and the modified Rodnan Skin Score before aSCTrans or its decrease after aSCTrans. Conclusions: Although aSCTrans is a good treatment option in patients with progressive SSc, it does not abrogate Ab reactivity towards topo I. The presence of anti-topo489-573 Abs before aSCTrans may indicate a less favourable course after aSCTrans.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Epitopos Imunodominantes , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Prognóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 113(48): 13827-13832, 2016 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27834728

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) represents the major nonrelapse complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Although rare, the CNS and the eye can be affected. In this study, manifestation in the retina as part of the CNS and T-cell epitopes recognized by the allogeneic T cells were evaluated. In 2 of 6 patients with posttransplantation retina diseases and 6 of 22 patients without ocular symptoms, antigen-specific T-cell responses against retina-specific epitopes were observed. No genetic differences between donor and recipient could be identified indicating T-cell activation against self-antigens (graft versus self). Transplantation of a preexisting immunity and cross-reactivity with ubiquitous epitopes was excluded in family donors and healthy individuals. In summary, an immunological reaction against retina cells represents a mechanism of graft-versus-host interaction following hematopoietic cell transplantation.


Assuntos
Autoantígenos/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doenças Retinianas/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Retinianas/etiologia , Doenças Retinianas/patologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos
15.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 57(11): 2603-11, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27049896

RESUMO

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) develop as a consequence of iatrogenic immunosuppression, and the majority is associated with EBV. PTLD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) are rare. Most cases are donor-derived, reflecting immune reconstitution by malignant transformed donor cells, and are EBV-positive. We report three unusual cases of aggressive EBV-negative PTLD of monomorphic type after allo-HCT. All cases were of donor origin and arose with long latency, 4-12 years after HCT. The patients had a history of severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) resulting in prolonged immunosuppression before the diagnosis of lymphoma. In one case, the temporal evolution of the malignant clone was analyzed by clone-specific PCR targeting the immunoglobulin heavy chain rearrangement. A tumor-specific product was already detected 3 years before lymphoma development. This indicates that chronic antigenic stimulation and reduced immune surveillance, may promote the outgrowth of premalignant donor-derived clones after acquisition of additional genetic alterations.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/etiologia , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Biópsia , Evolução Clonal/genética , Terapia Combinada , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico do Linfócito B/genética , Rearranjo Gênico do Linfócito B/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Linfoma de Células B/terapia , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 141(9): 634, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27123729

RESUMO

HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: We report the case of a 59-year-old male who was admitted to hospital with acute chest pain. Coronary heart disease was known from the medical history. The patient reported recurrent ostealgia and susceptibility for infection during the last months before admission. INVESTIGATIONS: A 75% stenosis of the circumflex branch was treated with a drug eluting stent. Platelet aggregation was inhibited with acetylsalicylic acid and clopidogrel. Due to persisting ostealgia and inflammatory state, spondylodiscitis was excluded in MRI. However, platelets remained low after successful treatment of the infection. DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND COURSE: Bone marrow biopsy revealed an acute lymphoblastic leukemia with positive detection of the Philadelphia chromosome. After chemotherapy and allogenic hematopoietic cell transplantation the patient remains in remission of his acute lymphoblastic leukemia. CONCLUSIONS: Especially in patients with documented history of coronary heart disease, the differential diagnosis of chest pain can be challenging. In this case, the chest pain was based on a subacute coronary ischemia as well as on proliferation of the acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The management of dual oral anticoagulation was performed with higher transfusion limits for thrombocytes and continuous application of thrombocyte aggregation inhibitors.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/etiologia , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Aloenxertos , Exame de Medula Óssea , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agregação Plaquetária , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia
17.
Transpl Immunol ; 36: 25-31, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27020764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heat shock proteins (HSP) are highly conserved immunogenic proteins serving as potent danger signals. They are upregulated under stress conditions like fever and hypoxia. Extracellular HSP are involved in antigen presentation, cytokine release and maturation of antigen presenting cells. METHODS: The release of the inducible members of the HSP70 family, Hsp72 and Hsp70B', into the serum of 20 patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation and 20 healthy donors was evaluated using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. RESULTS: Eight patients (40%) did not receive anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) for prophylaxis of graft versus host disease (GvHD). These patients had no detectable or low serum levels of Hsp72 (n=3, 0.03 to 1.92ng/ml) which were in line with levels detected in 20 healthy individuals (p=0.07). Measurable HSP was not associated with any medication or transplantation-related procedures. In twelve patients (60%) receiving ATG, detected high levels of HSP reflected cross-reactivity of the rabbit-derived ATG with the anti-rabbit antibody used in the ELISA. CONCLUSIONS: Assumed HSP70 expression detected such ELISA has to be regarded carefully after ATG application. Neither radiochemotherapy, nor inflammation or sepsis during aplasia induced HSP70 release into the serum. Thus, soluble HSP70 may not be involved in the pathogenesis of acute GvHD.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/sangue , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP72/sangue , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Reações Cruzadas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Coelhos , Transplante Homólogo
18.
Ann Hematol ; 95(6): 973-83, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27021303

RESUMO

Myelofibrosis (MF) is a rare disease responsible for an increasing ineffective hematopoesis by a progressive fibrosing process in the bone marrow. The only curative treatment option is allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). In this single-center analysis, we evaluated retrospectively 54 consecutive patients suffering from primary or secondary MF which underwent HCT from 1997 to 2014 after either myeloablative (MAC, n = 19) or reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC, n = 35). Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) after 3 years was 54/53 % for RIC versus 63/58 % for MAC (p = 0.8/0.97). Cumulative incidence of relapse was 34 % after RIC and 8 % after MAC (p = 0.16). Three-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 15 % after RIC and 34 % after MAC (p = 0.29). We found that RIC was associated with a lower incidence of acute graft versus host disease (GvHD; II-IV 26 vs. 0 %, p = 0.004). Evaluation of prognostic relevance of the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS) score showed a significant better OS in patient with risk score ≤3 versus >3 (after 3 years, 71 vs. 39 %, p = 0.008). While similar OS and DFS were observed with MAC or RIC, the use of RIC resulted in lower incidence of acute GvHD. RIC regimens may be therefore the preferred conditioning approach for allogeneic HCT in patients with MF.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Mielofibrose Primária/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/mortalidade , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Transplante Homólogo/mortalidade
19.
Oncotarget ; 7(11): 13013-30, 2016 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26887048

RESUMO

The epidermal growth factor receptor HER2/neu is expressed on various cancers and represents a negative prognostic marker, but is also a target for the therapeutic monoclonal antibody Trastuzumab. In about 30% of cases, HER2/neu is expressed on acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells and was proposed to be associated with a deleterious prognosis. Here we evaluated clinical data from 65 ALL patients (HER2/neu+, n = 17; HER2/neu-, n = 48) with a median follow-up of 19.4 months (range 0.6-176.5 months) and observed no association of HER2/neu expression with response to chemotherapy, disease free or overall survival. In vitro, treatment of primary ALL cells (CD20+HER2/neu+, CD20+HER2/neu- and CD20-HER2/neu-) with Rituximab and Trastuzumab led to activation of NK cells in strict dependence of the expression of the respective antigen. NK reactivity was more pronounced with Rituximab as compared to Trastuzumab, and combined application could lead to additive effects in cases where both antigens were expressed. Besides providing evidence that HER2/neu expression is no risk factor in ALL patients, our data demonstrates that HER2/neu can be a promising target for Trastuzumab therapy in the subset of ALL patients with the potential to improve disease outcome.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ann Hematol ; 95(1): 115-24, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26411736

RESUMO

We report a retrospective single-center analysis of 112 consecutive patients that underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) with fludarabine (FLU) and busulfan (BU) for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and myeloproliferative syndrome (MPS) from 2005 to 2014. Three-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 46 and 58 %, respectively. Patients ≥60 years of age showed a similar outcome compared to younger patients (3-year OS 55 vs. 61 %, p = 0.96; 3-year EFS 46 vs. 46 %, p = 0.82). Cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 3 years adjusted for relapse as competing risk was 25 % for patients aged <60 years and 15 % for older patients (p = 0.15). Infusions of higher CD34(+) blood stem cell doses were associated with a significantly better outcome in the elderly subgroup (3-year OS 82 vs. 39 %, p = 0.007). Moreover, complete donor chimerism at day +100 was associated with a significantly improved survival (3-year OS 69 vs. 23 %, p = 0.003). In conclusion, our data suggest that RIC with FLU/BU enables long-term disease-free survival even in an elderly patient population. Age has no negative impact on the outcome of allogeneic HCT, and decision for transplant should be based on disease risk and performance status rather than age alone.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Óssea/terapia , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças da Medula Óssea/diagnóstico , Doenças da Medula Óssea/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem
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