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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: SSc is a autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. There is a lack of evidence for the efficacy of i.v. CYC pulse therapy on skin thickening. We aimed to examine the response of i.v. CYC pulse therapy on skin thickening in our cohort of SSc patients and analysed factors that predict this response. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the data for 143 patients with SSc from baseline to 12, 24 and 36 months. All patients were treated with at least 6 i.v. CYC pulses (750 mg/m2/month). We applied the modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) to assess skin thickening. A clinically relevant response was defined as a decrease in mRSS of 5 points and 25% from baseline. Different baseline variables for predicting response on month 12 were tested in logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics of the patients with dcSSc and lcSSc were collected. Forty-three percent (n = 42) of dcSSc patients had a clinically relevant response on month 12. Non-responding on month 6 predicts non-response on month 12 (odds ratio 37.1; 95% CI 4.5, 306.4). CONCLUSION: We concluded that i.v. CYC pulse therapy should be considered as an effective treatment option for skin thickening in dcSSc patients, because 43% of this group of patients were found to have a clinically relevant response. Of the dcSSC patients who did not respond by month 6, only 29% had a response by month 12. This finding can help the physician and patient in shared decision making about whether or not to continue therapy.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into SSc patients' perspective on quality of care and to survey their preferred quality indicators. METHODS: An online questionnaire about healthcare setting, perceived quality of care (CQ index) and quality indicators, was sent to 2093 patients from 13 Dutch hospitals. RESULTS: Six hundred and fifty patients (mean age 59 years, 75% women, 32% limited cutaneous SSc, 20% diffuse cutaneous SSc) completed the questionnaire. Mean time to diagnosis was 4.3 years (s.d. 6.9) and was longer in women compared with men (4.8 (s.d. 7.3) vs 2.5 (s.d. 5.0) years). Treatment took place in a SSc expert centre for 58%, regional centre for 29% or in both for 39% of patients. Thirteen percent of patients was not aware of whether their hospital was specialized in SSc. The perceived quality of care was rated with a mean score of 3.2 (s.d. 0.5) (range 1.0-4.0). There were no relevant differences between expert and regional centres. The three prioritized process indicators were: good patient-physician interaction (80%), structural multidisciplinary collaboration (46%) and receiving treatment according to SSc guidelines (44%). Absence of disease progression (66%), organ involvement (33%) and digital ulcers (27%) were the three highest rated outcome indicators. CONCLUSION: The perceived quality of care evaluated in our study was fair to good. No differences between expert and regional centres were observed. Our prioritized process and outcome indicators can be added to indicators suggested by SSc experts in earlier studies and can be used to evaluate the quality of care in SSc.

3.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(11): 102394, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to propose a simple "Fast Track algorithm" for capillaroscopists of any level of experience to differentiate "scleroderma patterns" from "non-scleroderma patterns" on capillaroscopy and to assess its inter-rater reliability. METHODS: Based on existing definitions to categorise capillaroscopic images as "scleroderma patterns" and taking into account the real life variability of capillaroscopic images described standardly according to the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases, a fast track decision tree, the "Fast Track algorithm" was created by the principal expert (VS) to facilitate swift categorisation of an image as "non-scleroderma pattern (category 1)" or "scleroderma pattern (category 2)". Mean inter-rater reliability between all raters (experts/attendees) of the 8th EULAR course on capillaroscopy in Rheumatic Diseases (Genoa, 2018) and, as external validation, of the 8th European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) course on systemic sclerosis (SSc) (Nijmegen, 2019) versus the principal expert, as well as reliability between the rater pairs themselves was assessed by mean Cohen's and Light's kappa coefficients. RESULTS: Mean Cohen's kappa was 1/0.96 (95% CI 0.95-0.98) for the 6 experts/135 attendees of the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course and 1/0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.96) for the 3 experts/85 attendees of the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. Light's kappa was 1/0.92 at the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course, and 1/0.87 at the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. CONCLUSION: For the first time, a clinical expert based fast track decision algorithm has been developed to differentiate a "non-scleroderma" from a "scleroderma pattern" on capillaroscopic images, demonstrating excellent reliability when applied by capillaroscopists with varying levels of expertise versus the principal expert and corroborated with external validation.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Esclerodermia Localizada/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 49(7): e13123, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After the Q fever outbreak in the Netherlands between 2007 and 2010, more than 300 patients with chronic Q fever have been identified. Some patients were also diagnosed with systemic sclerosis, a rare immune-mediated disease. We aimed to increase awareness of concomitant chronic Q fever infection and systemic sclerosis and to give insight into the course of systemic sclerosis during persistent Q fever infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chronic Q fever patients were identified after the Dutch Q fever outbreak in 2007-2010. Systemic sclerosis was diagnosed by a scleroderma expert and patients fulfilled the 2013 Classification Criteria for Systemic Sclerosis. RESULTS: Four cases presented with chronic Q fever, persistent Coxiella burnetii infection, shortly preceded or followed by the diagnosis of limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis. The three male patients of 60 years or older developed a relatively mild systemic sclerosis, which did not require immunosuppressive therapy during adequate treatment of the chronic Q fever infection. The 58-year-old female patient used immunosuppressives for her newly diagnosed systemic sclerosis at the time she likely developed a chronic Q fever infection. CONCLUSIONS: In this case series, chronic Q fever preceding systemic sclerosis was associated with a mild course of systemic sclerosis without the necessity of immunosuppressive drugs, while chronic Q fever development due to immunocompromised state was associated with a more deteriorating course of systemic sclerosis.

6.
BMJ Open ; 8(8): e020479, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127049

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterised by inflammation, fibrosis and vasculopathy. Digital ulcers (DUs) are a frequent manifestation of vasculopathy in patients with SSc. Despite recent advances in pharmacological treatments, DU still have major health and economic implications. As there is currently no proven therapeutic strategy to promote DU healing, new treatments are urgently needed. Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) may provide a novel therapy for DU in SSc, because of their immunomodulatory and vasculoregenerative properties. Allogeneic MSC therapy involves functionally competent MSCs from healthy donors and may be used as 'off-the-shelf' available treatment. This study will evaluate whether allogeneic MSC therapy is a safe and potentially efficacious treatment for DU of SSc. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The MANUS (Mesenchymal stromal cells for Angiogenesis and Neovascularization in digital Ulcers of Systemic Sclerosis) Trial is a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial. 20 patients with SSc with refractory DU will be randomised to receive eight intramuscular injections with either placebo or 50*106 MSCs. The primary outcome is the toxicity of the treatment at 12 weeks after administration. Secondary outcomes include (serious) adverse events, number and time to healing of DU, pain, reported hand function, quality of life and SSc disease activity. We will also evaluate changes in nailfold capillaroscopy pattern, as well as biochemical parameters and biomarkers in peripheral blood and skin biopsies. Follow-up visits will be scheduled at 48 hours and 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 52 weeks post-treatment. If the results confirm safety, feasibility and potential efficacy, a large multicentre randomised controlled trial with longer follow-up will be initiated focusing on efficacy. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the Dutch Central Committee on Research Concerning Human Subjects (protocol no: NL51705.000.15). The results will be disseminated through patient associations and conventional scientific channels. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03211793; Pre-results.

7.
Trials ; 19(1): 449, 2018 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30134971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence indicates that inflammatory mechanisms drive systemic sclerosis (SSc) vasculopathy and fibrosis, especially early in the disease. Therefore, patients with very early SSc could benefit from early treatments targeting inflammation. Glucocorticoids are among the most potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents. Several studies have demonstrated a mixed response to treatment with glucocorticoids in SSc, probably because it is seldom initiated at very early stages of the disease. We hypothesise that by inhibiting the inflammatory process driving SSc disease progression, glucocorticoid treatments will induce remission in patients with very early SSc. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a 12-week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial analysing the effects of high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone in very early SSc. Thirty patients who fulfil the criteria for very early SSc will be randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive either intravenous methylprednisolone or a placebo on three consecutive days over three consecutive months. In this study, the primary endpoint will be the change in capillary density between the baseline and after 12 weeks of treatment. The secondary outcomes of this study are a change in selected biomarkers, other changes in the nailfold capillaries, signs of established SSc and changes in physical function, general health and utilities, as reported through questionnaires. DISCUSSION: This trial is the first aiming to treat very early SSc and is promising because it targets the very early stages of the disease process by using an inexpensive and relatively safe treatment known to be highly effective against inflammation. The use of vasculopathy and inflammatory biomarkers as well as clinical signs and symptoms as the endpoints in our study enables us to meet the patient need for markers of disease activity. If it is possible to prevent clinically significant disease in patients with very early SSc by using a safe treatment, this will cause a paradigm shift in scleroderma care and research. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03059979 . Registered on 20 February 2017.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 563-570, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29306872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to use the opportunity provided by the European Scleroderma Observational Study to (1) identify and describe those patients with early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) with progressive skin thickness, and (2) derive prediction models for progression over 12 months, to inform future randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) was recorded every 3 months in 326 patients. 'Progressors' were defined as those experiencing a 5-unit and 25% increase in mRSS score over 12 months (±3 months). Logistic models were fitted to predict progression and, using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, were compared on the basis of the area under curve (AUC), accuracy and positive predictive value (PPV). RESULTS: 66 patients (22.5%) progressed, 227 (77.5%) did not (33 could not have their status assessed due to insufficient data). Progressors had shorter disease duration (median 8.1 vs 12.6 months, P=0.001) and lower mRSS (median 19 vs 21 units, P=0.030) than non-progressors. Skin score was highest, and peaked earliest, in the anti-RNA polymerase III (Pol3+) subgroup (n=50). A first predictive model (including mRSS, duration of skin thickening and their interaction) had an accuracy of 60.9%, AUC of 0.666 and PPV of 33.8%. By adding a variable for Pol3 positivity, the model reached an accuracy of 71%, AUC of 0.711 and PPV of 41%. CONCLUSIONS: Two prediction models for progressive skin thickening were derived, for use both in clinical practice and for cohort enrichment in RCTs. These models will inform recruitment into the many clinical trials of dcSSc projected for the coming years. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02339441.

10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(1): 128-132, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29061853

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). In this longitudinal study, we aimed to identify factors associated with an unfavourable outcome in patients with SSc with early PAH (SSc-PAH) from the DETECT cohort. METHODS: Patients with SSc-PAH enrolled in DETECT were observed for up to 3 years. Associations between cross-sectional variables and disease progression (defined as the occurrence of any of the following events: WHO Functional Class worsening, combination therapy for PAH, hospitalisation or death) were analysed by univariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 57 patients with PAH (median observation time 12.6 months), 25 (43.9%) had disease progression. The following factors (OR (95% CI)) were associated with disease progression: male gender (4.1 (1.2 to 14.1)), high forced vital capacity % predicted/carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity (DLCO)% predicted ratio (3.6 (1.2 to 10.7)), high Borg Dyspnoea Index (1.7 (1.1 to 2.6)) and low DLCO% predicted (non-linear relationship). CONCLUSION: More than 40% of early-diagnosed patients with SSc-PAH had disease progression during a short follow-up time, with male gender, functional capacity and pulmonary function tests at PAH diagnosis being associated with progression. This suggests that even mild PAH should be considered a high-risk complication of SSc.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Capacidade Pulmonar Total
11.
RMD Open ; 3(1): e000331, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28879041

RESUMO

To characterise the different types of pulmonary hypertension (PH) among idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). A retrospective case series with assessment of PH by right heart catheterisation, extent of interstitial lung disease (ILD) and outcome of vasoactive therapy.The group of patients with IIM with PH (n=9) showed a median age at PH diagnosis of 62 years (IQR 48-71 years; eight women), seven diagnosed with polymyositis and two with dermatomyositis; median disease duration of 5.7 years and five patients with a positive anti-Jo1 antibody. We found one patient to be classified in PH WHO group 2 (left heart disease), five patients in WHO group 3 (lung disease) and three patients in WHO group 1 (pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)). During median observed follow-up of 24 months, mortality for the total group was 44%. Surprisingly, we found a relevant group (33%) of patients with IIM who suffered from non-ILD-PH, which reflects the presence of PAH phenotype. This result should lead to more awareness among treating physicians that complaints of dyspnoea among patient with IIM could be related to PAH and not only ILD. The role of vasoactive therapy remains to be defined in patients with IIM suffering from PAH or PH-ILD.

13.
J Rheumatol ; 44(10): 1453-1457, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28668810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a fibrotic immune-mediated disease of unknown etiology. Among its clinical manifestations, pulmonary involvement is the leading cause of mortality in patients with SSc. However, the genetic factors involved in lung complication are not well defined. We aimed to review the association of the MIF gene, which encodes a cytokine implicated in idiopathic pulmonary hypertension among other diseases, with the susceptibility and clinical expression of SSc, in addition to testing the association of this polymorphism with SSc-related pulmonary involvement. METHODS: A total of 4392 patients with SSc and 16,591 unaffected controls from 6 cohorts of European origin were genotyped for the MIF promoter variant rs755622. An inverse variance method was used to metaanalyze the data. RESULTS: A statistically significant increase of the MIF rs755622*C allele frequency compared with controls was observed in the subgroups of patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) and with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) independently (dcSSc: p = 3.20E-2, OR 1.13; PAH: p = 2.19E-02, OR 1.32). However, our data revealed a stronger effect size with the subset of patients with SSc showing both clinical manifestations (dcSSc with PAH: p = 6.91E-3, OR 2.05). CONCLUSION: We reviewed the association of the MIF rs755622*C allele with SSc and described a phenotype-specific association of this variant with the susceptibility to develop PAH in patients with dcSSc.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações
14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 48-55, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28281452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Functional disability and fatigue are important consequences of systemic sclerosis (SSc), but little is known about their course over time. The aim of this study was to identify and characterise homogeneous subgroups with distinct 3-year trajectories of disability and fatigue, separately. METHODS: A 3-year cohort study including 215 patients with SSc was conducted. Functional disability was assessed using the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI). Fatigue was assessed using the SF-36 Vitality subscale. Longitudinal trajectories were identified using latent class growth analyses (LCGA). Baseline patient characteristics were compared across classes using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Two disability classes were identified: a 'low' group (n=133) with low baseline HAQ-DI scores (intercept=0.48) and slight, statistically non-significant deterioration over time (slope=0.01), and a 'high' group (n=82) with high baseline HAQ-DI scores (intercept=1.63) and also slight, statistically non-significant deterioration over time (slope=0.01). Patients in the high disability group were more likely to be female, have higher fatigue, more helplessness, and less emotion-focused coping. Two fatigue classes were identified: an 'average' group (n=99) with average baseline Vitality scores (intercept=53.9) and slight, statistically non-significant deterioration over time (slope=-0.23), and a 'high' fatigue group (n=116) with low baseline Vitality scores (intercept=39.8) and also slight, but non-significant deterioration over time (slope=-0.15). Patients in the high fatigue group were more likely to be female, report more impact of lung involvement, and less acceptance. CONCLUSIONS: Functional disability and fatigue trajectories in SSc were relatively stable over a 3-year period, and differences in baseline scores, but not slopes, defined classes.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Fadiga/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(11): 2001-2008, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27520796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: LcSSc is associated with ACAs and a mild course, whereas dcSSc is associated with anti-topoisomerase antibodies (ATAs) and a more severe course. However, ATAs are also present in lcSSc. Little is known about survival and organ involvement in this subgroup. The aim of this study is to determine whether survival and organ involvement of lcSSc ATA-positive patients differs from lcSSc ATA-negative or dcSSc ATA-positive patients. Furthermore, transition from lcSSc to dcSSc was evaluated. METHODS: Data from The Nijmegen Systemic Sclerosis cohort were used, with up to 15 years of follow-up. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed for survival and organ involvement, including interstitial lung disease, pulmonary arterial hypertension, cardiac involvement and Scleroderma Renal Crises. Cox proportional hazard modelling was performed to adjust for confounders. RESULTS: A total of 460 patients were included: 58 (13%) lcSSc ATA-positive patients, 237 (52%) lcSSc ATA-negative patients and 78 (17%) dcSSc ATA-positive patients. Cumulative survival in lcSSc ATA-positive patients was 75%, in lcSSc ATA-negative patients 58% and in dcSSc ATA-positive patients 53%. Interstitial lung disease was more prevalent in lcSSc ATA-positive patients (49%) than in lcSSc ATA-negative patients (25%), but less than in dcSSc ATA-positive patients (60%). Forty-eight patients developed dcSSc: 24 ATA-negative and 24 ATA-positive (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: LcSSc ATA-positive patients differ from lcSSc ATA-negative patients and dcSSc ATA-positive patients concerning survival and organ involvement. LcSSc patients who are ATA-positive are more likely to develop dcSSc than lcSSc patients who are ATA negative.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/metabolismo , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/mortalidade , Pele/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/classificação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/imunologia
16.
J Rheumatol ; 43(10): 1838-1843, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27528573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies on mortality associated with patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and myopathy have been limited by heterogeneous definitions of muscle involvement. The objective of this study is to determine whether homogeneous-defined SSc/polymyositis overlap (SSc-PM overlap) is associated with a worse survival rate compared with SSc without PM. METHODS: Data from the Nijmegen Systemic Sclerosis cohort were used. Incidence rates were calculated from the observed number of deaths and followup time. Survival analysis using Cox proportional hazard modeling was performed to compare survival among patients with SSc and patients with SSc-PM overlap, including controlling for confounders. All patients with SSc-PM fulfilled the Bohan and Peter criteria for PM. RESULTS: There were 24 patients with SSc-PM (5.7%) and 396 patients with SSc (94.2%). The 5- and 10-year cumulative survival rates from diagnosis were 82% and 68% for the SSc-PM group and 93% and 87% for the SSc group, respectively. Multivariate survival analysis revealed an adjusted HR of 2.34 (95% CI 1.09-5.02) for SSc-PM compared with SSc, with age at diagnosis, modified Rodnan skin score, diffuse cutaneous subtype, and male sex included as confounders. The most common cause of death among patients with SSc-PM overlap was cardiopulmonary involvement (63%), which was similar to the patients with SSc (51%). CONCLUSION: Patients with SSc-PM overlap have a worse survival rate compared with patients with SSc.


Assuntos
Polimiosite/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(11): 2023-2032, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27550299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: DcSSc is associated with high morbidity related to widespread skin disease and poor prognosis due to earlier and more severe organ involvement. The objective of this study is to derive and validate a simple prediction rule for identifying patients at the time of initial diagnosis of SSc who are likely to progress to dcSSc. METHODS: The Nijmegen cohort consists of 619 SSc patients. Logistic regression was used for predictive modelling. A prediction rule was created by rounding regression coefficients. Patients were stratified as being at low risk (<1) or high risk (⩾1) of progression to dcSSc. Performance was analysed in 445 SSc patients from Madrid. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-four out of 535 patients were classified as dcSSc. The final model consisted of gender, time between RP and non-RP, sclerodactyly (first non-Raynaud symptom) and SSc-specific auto-antibodies. The model performed well in the derivation cohort [area under the curve = 0.78 (95% CI: 0.74, 0.82)] and validation cohort [area under the curve = 0.78 (95% CI: 0.74, 0.83)]. At the optimal cut point (1) for the prediction rule, sensitivity was 87% and specificity 61% in the derivation cohort, compared with 78% and 65% in the validation cohort. Upon application of the prediction rule to 392 lcSSc patients at initial diagnosis, 32 out of 34 patients were correctly classified as dcSSc. CONCLUSION: A simple prediction rule was designed to attribute a low/high risk category for development of dcSSc.This method is suited for assigning intensified screening at the time of initial diagnosis of SSc to patients most at risk for dcSSc. It provides the opportunity for early identification of potential dcSSc patients for enrolment into clinical trials.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/metabolismo , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas/normas , Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(11): 2066-2073, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27411481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: SSc is a disease characterized by inflammation and fibrosis. Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a haem-degrading enzyme that mediates resolution of inflammation and is induced upon mediators abundantly present in SSc. We aimed to assess whether HO-1 expression/function is disturbed in SSc patients and could therefore be contributing to the ongoing inflammation. METHODS: In total, 92 SSc patients and 48 healthy controls were included. By measuring total bilirubin in plasma in vivo, HO-activity was assessed. HO-1 expression levels were determined with western blot in monocytes before and after induction of HO-1 with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) with or without CXCL4. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) were stimulated with several Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands with or without pre-stimulation with CoPP for 24 h. Cytokine levels were measured in the supernatants using the Luminex Bead Array. RESULTS: SSc patients have lower plasma levels of bilirubin, suggestive of an aberrant HO-1 function. We demonstrated low HO-1 expression in immune cells from SSc patients, whereas induction with CoPP was able to restore HO-1 levels in DCs from SSc patients, almost normalizing the increased TLR response observed in SSc. Co-exposure to CXCL4 completely abrogated CoPP-induced HO-1 expression, suggesting that the high CXCL4 levels present in SSc patients block the normal induction of HO-1 and its function. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that HO activity in SSc patients is decreased and show its functional consequences. Since CXCL4 blocks the induction of HO-1 expression, neutralization of CXCL4 in SSc patients could have clinical benefits by diminishing overactivation of immune cells and other anti-inflammatory effects of HO-1.


Assuntos
Heme Oxigenase-1/deficiência , Fator Plaquetário 4/fisiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/enzimologia , Receptores Toll-Like/fisiologia , Adulto , Bilirrubina/metabolismo , Monóxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino
19.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 68(9): 2338-44, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27111665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are autoimmune diseases that have similar clinical and immunologic characteristics. To date, several shared SSc-RA genetic loci have been identified independently. The aim of the current study was to systematically search for new common SSc-RA loci through an interdisease meta-genome-wide association (meta-GWAS) strategy. METHODS: The study was designed as a meta-analysis combining GWAS data sets of patients with SSc and patients with RA, using a strategy that allowed identification of loci with both same-direction and opposite-direction allelic effects. The top single-nucleotide polymorphisms were followed up in independent SSc and RA case-control cohorts. This allowed an increase in the sample size to a total of 8,830 patients with SSc, 16,870 patients with RA, and 43,393 healthy controls. RESULTS: This cross-disease meta-analysis of the GWAS data sets identified several loci with nominal association signals (P < 5 × 10(-6) ) that also showed evidence of association in the disease-specific GWAS scans. These loci included several genomic regions not previously reported as shared loci, as well as several risk factors that were previously found to be associated with both diseases. Follow-up analyses of the putatively new SSc-RA loci identified IRF4 as a shared risk factor for these 2 diseases (Pcombined = 3.29 × 10(-12) ). Analysis of the biologic relevance of the known SSc-RA shared loci identified the type I interferon and interleukin-12 signaling pathways as the main common etiologic factors. CONCLUSION: This study identified a novel shared locus, IRF4, for the risk of SSc and RA, and highlighted the usefulness of a cross-disease GWAS meta-analysis strategy in the identification of common risk loci.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 75(8): 1567-73, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26371289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interferon (IFN) signature has been reported in definite systemic sclerosis (SSc) but it has not been characterised in early SSc (EaSSc). We aim at characterising IFN type I signature in SSc before overt skin fibrosis develops. METHODS: The expression of 11 IFN type I inducible genes was tested in whole-blood samples from 30 healthy controls (HCs), 12 subjects with primary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), 19 patients with EaSSc, 7 patients with definite SSc without cutaneous fibrosis, 21 limited cutaneous SSc and 10 diffuse cutaneous SSc subjects. The correlation between IFN activity in monocytes, B cell activating factor (BAFF) mRNA expression and type III procollagen N-terminal propeptide (PIIINP) serum levels was tested. RESULTS: In all the SSc groups, higher IFN scores were observed compared with HC. An IFN score ≥7.09 discriminated HCs from patients with SSc (sensitivity=0.7, specificity=0.88, area under receiving operating characteristic (AUROC)=0.82); the prevalence of an elevated IFN score was: HC=3.3%; RP=33.3%, EaSSc=78.9%, definite SSc=100%, limited cutaneous SSc=42.9%, diffuse cutaneous SSc=70.0%. In monocytes an IFN score ≥4.12 distinguished HCs from patients with fibrotic SSc (sensitivity=0.62, specificity=0.85, AUROC=0.76). Compared with IFN-negative subjects, IFN-positive subjects had higher monocyte BAFF mRNA levels (19.7±5.2 vs 15.20±4.0, p=2.1×10(-5)) and serum PIIINP levels (median=6.0 (IQR 5.4-8.9) vs median=3.9 (IQR 3.3-4.7), p=0.0004). CONCLUSIONS: An IFN type I signature is observed in patients with SSc from the earliest phases of the disease, even before overt skin fibrosis. The presence of IFN type I signature in monocytes is correlated with BAFF mRNA expression and serum PIIINP levels, supporting a contribution in the pathogenesis and progression of SSc.


Assuntos
Fator Ativador de Células B/biossíntese , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fibrose , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/biossíntese , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/biossíntese , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Pró-Colágeno/biossíntese , Pró-Colágeno/sangue , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Pele/patologia , Transcriptoma
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