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1.
J Hum Kinet ; 67: 133-142, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523312

RESUMO

Sensing carbohydrates via the oral cavity benefits performance outcomes during brief high intensity bouts of exercise. However, the extent to which carbohydrates need to be present in the oral cavity to influence sprint performance is less understood. The purpose of this study was to determine if serial increases in carbohydrate rinse time across sprint sets attenuates increases in sprint time compared to no serial increases in carbohydrate rinse time across sprint sets. Fifteen sprint trained participants completed three repeated anaerobic sprint tests (RAST), 3 sets of 6 x 35-m sprints, under two different carbohydrate mouth rinsing (CMR) conditions; (1) rinsing for only 5 seconds (s), and (2) rinsing for 5 s, 10 s and 15 s (serial rinse). Prior to a RAST, participants provided perceived recovery status (PRS) and perceived feeling of arousal (FAS). Upon completion of each individual sprint, participants gave a rating of perceived exertion (RPE). A lactate sample was taken upon completion of each individual sprint set and after all 3 RASTs a session rating of perceived exertion (S-RPE) was measured. There were no significant differences in peak (p = 0.18) and average sprint time (p = 0.41). There were no significant differences in perceptual measures: RPE, PRS, FAS, S-RPE or for blood lactate concentration between CMR conditions. Overall, serial rinsing resulted in changes that were most likely trivial, but showed a 50% chance in perceiving a sprint session as less difficult. Rinsing carbohydrates in a serial manner between repeated sprint sets produces trivial changes of sprint speed and perceptual measures from sprint performance.

2.
Int J Health Sci (Qassim) ; 13(1): 3-8, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842711

RESUMO

Objective: Few studies have examined differences in ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) between overweight (OW) and non-OW (NW) youth. With lower voluntary participation in physical activity in OW children, it seems plausible that these youth may experience elevated RPE. Therefore, this study compared RPE during two separate steady-state cycling bouts OW (>95th body mass index [BMI] percentile) and NW (<90th BMI percentile) children. Methods: Participants completed one of two 20-min cycling trials; one performed at 70% age-predicted peak heart rate (HR) (70%) (OW n = 12 and NW n = 21) and a self-selected intensity (SS) (OW n = 6 and NW n = 13) with RPE overall, RPE legs (RPE-L), and RPE chest estimated at 5, 10, 15, and 20 min. Results: A repeated measures ANOVA revealed that OW individuals had significantly lower RPE-L values at 5, 15, and 20 min during the SS trial. No significant differences were identified during the 70% trial. Conclusions: OW youth do not perceive cycling at 70% age-predicted peak HR or at SS intensities more difficult than NW children. It may be that cycling could serve as an attractive mode to encourage physical activity in this population and perhaps increase self-efficacy of exercise in this population.

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