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1.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(10): 2685-2694, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reducing mortality is a key target in critical care and perioperative medicine. The authors aimed to identify all nonsurgical interventions (drugs, techniques, strategies) shown by randomized trials to increase mortality in these clinical settings. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature followed by a consensus-based voting process. SETTING: A web-based international consensus conference. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty-one physicians from 46 countries. INTERVENTIONS: The authors performed a systematic literature search and identified all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a significant increase in unadjusted landmark mortality among surgical or critically ill patients. The authors reviewed such studies during a meeting by a core group of experts. Studies selected after such review advanced to web-based voting by clinicians in relation to agreement, clinical practice, and willingness to include each intervention in international guidelines. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The authors selected 12 RCTs dealing with 12 interventions increasing mortality: diaspirin-crosslinked hemoglobin (92% of agreement among web voters), overfeeding, nitric oxide synthase inhibitor in septic shock, human growth hormone, thyroxin in acute kidney injury, intravenous salbutamol in acute respiratory distress syndrome, plasma-derived protein C concentrate, aprotinin in high-risk cardiac surgery, cysteine prodrug, hypothermia in meningitis, methylprednisolone in traumatic brain injury, and albumin in traumatic brain injury (72% of agreement). Overall, a high consistency (ranging from 80% to 90%) between agreement and clinical practice was observed. CONCLUSION: The authors identified 12 clinical interventions showing increased mortality supported by randomized controlled trials with nonconflicting evidence, and wide agreement upon clinicians on a global scale.

2.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 33(5): 1430-1439, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600204

RESUMO

The authors aimed to identify interventions documented by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that reduce mortality in adult critically ill and perioperative patients, followed by a survey of clinicians' opinions and routine practices to understand the clinicians' response to such evidence. The authors performed a comprehensive literature review to identify all topics reported to reduce mortality in perioperative and critical care settings according to at least 2 RCTs or to a multicenter RCT or to a single-center RCT plus guidelines. The authors generated position statements that were voted on online by physicians worldwide for agreement, use, and willingness to include in international guidelines. From 262 RCT manuscripts reporting mortality differences in the perioperative and critically ill settings, the authors selected 27 drugs, techniques, and strategies (66 RCTs, most frequently published by the New England Journal of Medicine [13 papers], Lancet [7], and Journal of the American Medical Association [5]) with an agreement ≥67% from over 250 physicians (46 countries). Noninvasive ventilation was the intervention supported by the largest number of RCTs (n = 13). The concordance between agreement and use (a positive answer both to "do you agree" and "do you use") showed differences between Western and other countries and between anesthesiologists and intensive care unit physicians. The authors identified 27 clinical interventions with randomized evidence of survival benefit and strong clinician support in support of their potential life-saving properties in perioperative and critically ill patients with noninvasive ventilation having the highest level of support. However, clinician views appear affected by specialty and geographical location.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Internet , Médicos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cuidados Críticos/tendências , Estado Terminal/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Internet/tendências , Mortalidade/tendências , Médicos/tendências
3.
Indian J Crit Care Med ; 21(9): 613-615, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28970665

RESUMO

The Janus mask is a full face mask designed for providing noninvasive ventilation (NIV) during any kind of upper endoscopies (e.g., fiber-optic bronchoscopy, gastrointestinal endoscopy, and transesophageal echocardiography). Due to its unique conformation, its use can be considered for both elective and urgent endoscopic procedures in high-risk patients. In this case report, we present a patient with acute respiratory failure who underwent two consecutive different endoscopic procedures (fiber-optic bronchoscopy and gastrointestinal endoscopy) during continuous positive airway pressure support by means of this novel NIV mask, thus avoiding tracheal intubation and at the same time, improving his respiratory condition.

4.
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ; 30(4): 1005-14, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27238433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively assess published randomized peer-reviewed studies related to volatile agents used for sedation in intensive care unit (ICU) settings, with the hypothesis that volatile agents could reduce time to extubation in adult patients. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. SETTING: Intensive care units. PARTICIPANTS: Critically ill patients. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The BioMedCentral, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register databases of clinical trials were searched systematically for studies on volatile agents used in the ICU setting. Articles were assessed by trained investigators, and divergences were resolved by consensus. Inclusion criteria included random allocation to treatment (volatile agents versus any intravenous comparator, with no restriction on dose or time of administration) in patients requiring mechanical ventilation in the ICU. Twelve studies with 934 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The use of halogenated agents reduced the time to extubation (standardized mean difference = -0.78 [-1.01 to -0.55] hours; p for effect<0.00001; p for heterogeneity = 0.18; I(2) = 32% in 7 studies with 503 patients). Results for time to extubation were confirmed in all subanalyses (eg, medical and surgical patients) and sensitivity analyses. No differences in length of hospital stay, ICU stay, and mortality were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: In this meta-analysis of randomized trials, volatile anesthetics reduced time to extubation in medical and surgical ICU patients. The results of this study should be confirmed by large and high-quality randomized controlled studies.


Assuntos
Extubação/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestésicos Inalatórios/farmacologia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos
5.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 17(7): 469-77, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27116377

RESUMO

AIMS: Heart failure patients show impaired left ventricular rotation and twist. In patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) significance of preimplant left ventricular rotational timing between different ventricular regions is unknown. We thoroughly evaluated, in patients eligible for CRT, baseline left ventricular rotational mechanics, also assessing segmental rotational timing, and investigated whether the presence of rotational dyssynchrony may be associated with echocardiographic response. METHODS: By two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography, baseline peak apical and basal rotation, peak twist, and time-related parameters, such as delays between opposite segments at base and apex, were assessed in 55 CRT patients and 11 healthy participants. RESULTS: At 6 months, 30 (54%) patients were echocardiographic responders. Left ventricular rotation and twist had no association with response. All time-related parameters were significantly altered in CRT patients. Maximum basal and apical segments delay, and anteroseptal-posterior delays at base and apex, were longer in responders than in nonresponders (P < 0.05 for all), regardless of the presence of left bundle branch block (LBBB) and QRS duration. At multivariable analysis, apical anteroseptal-posterior delay resulted as independently associated with response [odds ratio (OR): 1.022 (1.007-1.038); P = 0.004]. A cut-off value of 97.5 ms for apical anteroseptal-posterior delay predicted response with 96% specificity and 57% sensitivity (AUC = 0.83). Magnitude of left ventricular reverse remodeling was significantly related to apical anteroseptal-posterior delay (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In heart failure patients eligible for CRT, left ventricular rotational timing is altered. Dyssynchrony in rotational mechanics shows a specific pattern in responders regardless of the presence of LBBB. Apical anteroseptal-posterior rotational delay is independently associated with left ventricular reverse remodeling.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/complicações , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/terapia , Remodelação Ventricular , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging ; 35(6): 436-42, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25077412

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Left ventricular (LV) torsion is an important parameter of LV performance and can be influenced by several factors. Aim of this investigation was to evaluate whether QRS prolongation in left bundle branch block (LBBB) may influence global LV twist and twisting/untwisting rate in chronic systolic heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 30 healthy subjects (control group) and 100 chronic HF patients with severely impaired LV systolic function (ejection fraction ≤ 35%). Patients were divided into three groups according to QRS duration: A: QRS < 120 ms (n 49), B: 120 ≤ QRS ≤ 150 ms (n 28) and C: QRS > 150 ms (n 23). Patients in groups B and C presented LBBB. All subjects underwent standard trans-thoracic echocardiography and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography evaluation. Categorical variables were compared by the chi-square or the Fisher's exact test. Continuous variables were compared using the ANOVA test. Correlations between variables were analysed with linear regression. RESULTS: Control subjects presented higher torsion parameters, when compared with patients in any HF group. Among the three HF groups, no differences were detected in global twist (4.79 ± 3.54, 3.8 ± 3.0 and 4.15 ± 3.14 degrees, respectively), twist rate max (44.81 ± 25.03, 37.94 ± 19.09 and 37.61 ± 24.49 degrees s(-1), respectively) and untwist rate max (-36.31 ± 30.89, -27.68 ± 34.67 and -39.62 ± 26.27 degrees s(-1), respectively) (P>0.05 for all). At linear regression analysis, there was no relation between QRS duration and any torsion parameter (P>0.05 for all). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with chronic severe systolic heart failure, QRS duration and LBBB morphology do not affect LV twisting and untwisting.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Anormalidade Torcional/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Bloqueio de Ramo/complicações , Doença Crônica , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Anormalidade Torcional/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações
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