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1.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35521710

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate usefulness of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in patients with low detectable thyroglobulin levels suspicious for persistent or recurrent differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Methods A retrospective case series study evaluating FDG PET/CT in patients with detectable thyroglobulin (Tg) levels (≥ 0.20 ng/mL and <10.00 ng/mL) after initial treatment with total thyroidectomy and I-131 thyroid remnant ablation for pT1-3aN0-1bM0 DTC. Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of FDG PET/CT were calculated. Results Twenty-seven patients underwent FDG PET/CT. Median Tg level at FDG PET/CT was 2.00 ng/ml (range 0.30-9.00). FDG PET/CT was positive in 14 patients (51.9%): lesions suspicious for lymph node metastases were depicted in 12 patients, and lung metastases in 2. DTC was confirmed in 13/14 FDG PET/CT positive patients. In 9/13 patients with a negative FDG PET/CT DTC was confirmed ≤3 months after FDG PET/CT. The sensitivity, PPV, specificity and NPV were: 59.1%, 92.9%, 80.0% and 30.8%, respectively. Conclusions This case series shows that FDG PET/CT might be useful to detect persistent or recurrent DTC in patients with low detectable Tg. However, when FDG PET/CT is negative, this does not rule out DTC and further investigations are necessary.

3.
Surgery ; 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35341591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. The choice for the type of procedure is influenced by the expected oncological benefit and the anticipated risk of procedure-specific complications. Few studies have focused on complications in these patients. This cohort study aimed to assess complications and risk factors after resections of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. METHODS: Patients undergoing resection of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor were identified within 2 centers of excellence. Complications were assessed according to the Clavien-Dindo classification and the comprehensive complication index. Logistic regression was performed to compare surgical procedures with adjustment for potential confounders (Clavien-Dindo ≥3). RESULTS: The cohort comprised 123 patients, including 12 enucleations, 50 distal pancreatectomies, 51 pancreatoduodenectomies, and 10 total/combined pancreatectomies. Mortality was 0.8%, a severe complication occurred in 41.5%, and the failure-to-rescue rate was 2.0%. The median comprehensive complication index was 22.6 (0-100); the comprehensive complication index increased after more extensive resections. After adjustment, a pancreatoduodenectomy, as compared to a distal pancreatectomy, increased the risk for a severe complication (odds ratio 3.13 [95% confidence interval 1.32-7.41]). Of the patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 or von Hippel-Lindau, 51.9% developed a severe complication vs 38.5% with sporadic disease. After major resections, morbidity was significantly higher in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1/von Hippel-Lindau (comprehensive complication index 45.1 vs 28.9, P = .029). CONCLUSION: Surgery for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors is associated with a high rate of complications but low failure-to-rescue in centers of excellence. Complications are procedure-specific. Major resections in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1/von Hippel-Lindau appear to increase the risk of complications.

4.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 93: 106938, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35298983

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During the current Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, significant COVID-19 disease-reducing developments have been made, culminating in the COVID-19 vaccines. However, COVID-19 vaccines may complicate oncological staging and follow-up oncological disease course since they may induce the enlargement of lymph nodes. Consequently, this uncertainty may lead to increased distress. PRESENTATION OF CASES: This case series describes seven patients diagnosed with melanoma or breast cancer in whom lymphadenopathy was observed on oncology imaging after COVID-19 vaccination. Four of these patients underwent additional diagnostic testing, all without malignant cells on pathological examination or suspected metastasis on imaging. The remaining patients were re-evaluated, and the lymphadenopathy was interpreted as an adverse outcome of the recent COVID-19 vaccination. In addition, four out of seven patients were vaccinated in the ipsilateral arm relative to the tumor. Abnormal lymph nodes could be observed up to sixty-nine days after COVID-19 vaccination. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that a COVID-19 vaccination may result in possible false-positive oncological imaging findings in melanoma and breast cancer patients. Moreover, it is advised to administer the vaccine in the contralateral arm of the primary tumor, suspected breast abnormalities, or after the oncologic imaging in melanoma and breast cancer patients.

5.
Surg Endosc ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988742

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: COVID-19 related reduction of surgical procedures jeopardizes learning on the job of surgical residents. Many educators resorted to digital resources in the search for alternatives. However, these resources are often limited to the extent they offer resident-surgeon interaction like a joint surgical performance does. Here we present a roadmap of livestreaming surgical procedures, and evaluate how surgical livestreams on human cadavers address the unmet educational needs of surgical residents in our Dutch nationwide initiative. METHODS: Technical and organizational feasibility, and definition of outcome deliverables for the livestream series and per livestream were essential in livestream development. Faculty selected interventions, lecture contents, and participant preparations. Appropriate location, technical setup, and support were imperative for a stable, high-quality stream with integrated interaction, while maintaining digital privacy. A survey was sent to livestream participants to evaluate each livestream, and allow for constant improvement during the broadcasting of the series. Only surveys which were completed by surgical residents were included in the analysis of this study. RESULTS: Each livestream attracted 139-347 unique viewers and a total of 307 surveys were completed by participants (response rate of 23-38% per livestream). Sixty percent of surveys (n = 185) were completed by surgical residents. Livestreams were highly valued (appreciation 7.7 ± 1.1 and recommendation 8.6 ± 1.1), especially the live procedures combined with interaction and theoretical backgrounds. Criticized were technical difficulties and timing of the livestreams between 5 and 7 pm, which interfered with clinical duties. CONCLUSION: Livestreaming surgical procedures on human cadavers is a valid and valued solution to augment resident education. Digital privacy and a stable, high-quality interactive stream are essential, as are appropriate moderation and relevant lectures. While livestreaming cannot replace hands-on training in the operating room, it enables surgeon-resident interaction which is key in education-and missed in pre-recorded surgical procedures which are currently available online.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031811

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) thyroid incidentaloma (PTI) is an unexpected, PSMA-avid thyroid lesion, newly detected during the investigation of an unrelated condition using PSMA PET/CT. The aim of this study is to examine the incidence and clinical significance of PTI and the associated management strategies since the implementation of the PSMA PET/CT scan. METHODS: This study involves a retrospective cohort study of 61 PTI cases depicted on PSMA PET/CT scans performed between January 2016 and July 2021, almost exclusively for (re)staging prostate cancer. The medical records of the included cases were retrospectively reviewed and data of the PSMA PET/CT scans, primary malignancy, thyroid diagnostics, treatment, and follow-up were collected. RESULTS: PTI was reported in 1.1% of the patients who underwent oncologic PSMA PET/CT scans included in this study. Two PTI cases had a histologically proven thyroid cancer: one a benign thyroid lesion and one a metastasis of a renal cell carcinoma. In none of the cases in whom any form of further thyroid workup was withheld, the PTI became clinically relevant during follow-up (median 1.8 years (1.1-3.3)). Six patients (10%) died due to their primary cancer. CONCLUSION: The incidence of thyroid incidentalomas on PSMA PET/CT was low (1.1%) in this large, two-center experience. Less than half of the PTI cases were analyzed and the risk of malignancy, despite being low, was not negligible. The clinical outcome was good using a standard diagnostic workup for PTI, while the prognosis of the patient was determined by the primary malignancy. The consideration to analyze and treat PTI cases should be part of the shared decision-making in cancer patients.

7.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 46(2): 159-168, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560682

RESUMO

Patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 syndrome (MEN1) often develop multifocal duodenopancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (dpNETs). Nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) and duodenal gastrinomas are the most frequent origins of metastasis. Current guidelines recommend surgery based on tumor functionality, size ≥2 cm, grade or presence of lymph node metastases. However, in case of multiple primary tumors it is often unknown which specific tumor metastasized. This study aims to unravel the relationship between primary dpNETs and metastases in patients with MEN1 by studying endocrine differentiation. First, it was shown that expression of the endocrine differentiation markers ARX and PDX1 was concordant in 18 unifocal sporadic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and matched metastases. Thereafter, ARX, PDX1, Ki67 and gastrin expression, and the presence of alternative lengthening of telomeres were determined in 137 microscopic and macroscopic dpNETs and 36 matched metastases in 10 patients with MEN1. ARX and PDX1 H-score clustering was performed to infer relatedness. For patients with multiple metastases, similar intrametastases transcription factor expression suggests that most metastases (29/32) originated from a single NET of origin, while few patients may have multiple metastatic primary NETs. In 6 patients with MEN1 and hypergastrinemia, periduodenopancreatic lymph node metastases expressed gastrin, and clustered with minute duodenal gastrinomas, not with larger PanNETs. PanNET metastases often clustered with high grade or alternative lengthening of telomeres-positive primary tumors. In conclusion, for patients with MEN1-related hypergastrinemia and PanNETs, a duodenal origin of periduodenopancreatic lymph node metastases should be considered, even when current conventional and functional imaging studies do not reveal duodenal tumors preoperatively.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/secundário , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/química , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Neoplasias Duodenais/química , Neoplasias Duodenais/genética , Feminino , Gastrinas/análise , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/análise , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/química , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/genética , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/química , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Transativadores/análise , Fatores de Transcrição/análise
8.
Gut ; 71(5): 961-973, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found aristaless-related homeobox gene (ARX)/pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1), alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation X-linked (ATRX)/death domain-associated protein (DAXX) and alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) to be promising prognostic biomarkers for non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NF-PanNETs). However, they have not been comprehensively evaluated, especially among small NF-PanNETs (≤2.0 cm). Moreover, their status in neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) from other sites remains unknown. DESIGN: An international cohort of 1322 NETs was evaluated by immunolabelling for ARX/PDX1 and ATRX/DAXX, and telomere-specific fluorescence in situ hybridisation for ALT. This cohort included 561 primary NF-PanNETs, 107 NF-PanNET metastases and 654 primary, non-pancreatic non-functional NETs and NET metastases. The results were correlated with numerous clinicopathological features including relapse-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were associated with several adverse prognostic findings and distant metastasis/recurrence (p<0.001). The 5-year RFS rates for patients with ATRX/DAXX-negative and ALT-positive NF-PanNETs were 40% and 42% as compared with 85% and 86% for wild-type NF-PanNETs (p<0.001 and p<0.001). Shorter 5-year RFS rates for ≤2.0 cm NF-PanNETs patients were also seen with ATRX/DAXX loss (65% vs 92%, p=0.003) and ALT (60% vs 93%, p<0.001). By multivariate analysis, ATRX/DAXX and ALT status were independent prognostic factors for RFS. Conversely, classifying NF-PanNETs by ARX/PDX1 expression did not independently correlate with RFS. Except for 4% of pulmonary carcinoids, ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were only identified in primary (25% and 29%) and NF-PanNET metastases (62% and 71%). CONCLUSIONS: ATRX/DAXX and ALT should be considered in the prognostic evaluation of NF-PanNETs including ≤2.0 cm tumours, and are highly specific for pancreatic origin among NET metastases of unknown primary.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Talassemia alfa , Proteínas Correpressoras/genética , Genes Homeobox , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Telômero/genética , Telômero/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteína Nuclear Ligada ao X/genética , Talassemia alfa/genética
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(51)2021 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916298

RESUMO

The thyroid maintains systemic homeostasis by regulating serum thyroid hormone concentrations. Here we report the establishment of three-dimensional (3D) organoids from adult thyroid tissue representing murine and human thyroid follicular cells (TFCs). The TFC organoids (TFCOs) harbor the complete machinery of hormone production as visualized by the presence of colloid in the lumen and by the presence of essential transporters and enzymes in the polarized epithelial cells that surround a central lumen. Both the established murine as human thyroid organoids express canonical thyroid markers PAX8 and NKX2.1, while the thyroid hormone precursor thyroglobulin is expressed at comparable levels to tissue. Single-cell RNA sequencing and transmission electron microscopy confirm that TFCOs phenocopy primary thyroid tissue. Thyroid hormones are readily detectable in conditioned medium of human TFCOs. We show clinically relevant responses (increased proliferation and hormone secretion) of human TFCOs toward a panel of Graves' disease patient sera, demonstrating that organoids can model human autoimmune disease.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Doença de Graves/metabolismo , Organoides/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais da Tireoide/fisiologia , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Humanos , Camundongos , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/metabolismo , Tireoglobulina/genética , Tireoglobulina/metabolismo , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/genética , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/metabolismo
10.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(20)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680253

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy in children. A rising incidence has been reported worldwide. Possible explanations include the increased use of enhanced imaging (leading to incidentalomas) and an increased prevalence of risk factors. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and survival trends of thyroid cancer in Dutch children, adolescents, and young adults (0-24 years) between 1990 and 2019. The age-standardized incidence rates of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC, including papillary and follicular thyroid cancer (PTC and FTC, respectively)) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), the average annual percentage changes (AAPC) in incidence rates, and 10-year overall survival (OS) were calculated based on data obtained from the nationwide cancer registry (Netherlands Cancer Registry). A total of 839 patients aged 0-24 years had been diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma (PTC: 594 (71%), FTC: 128 (15%), MTC: 114 (14%)) between 1990 and 2019. The incidence of PTC increased significantly over time (AAPC +3.6%; 95%CI +2.3 to +4.8), the incidence rate of FTC showed a stable trend ((AAPC -1.1%; 95%CI -3.4 to +1.1), while the incidence of MTC decreased significantly (AAPC: -4.4% (95%CI -7.3 to -1.5). The 10-year OS was 99.5% (1990-1999) and 98.6% (2000-2009) in patients with DTC and 92.4% (1990-1999) and 96.0% (2000-2009) in patients with MTC. In this nationwide study, a rising incidence of PTC and decreasing incidence of MTC were observed. For both groups, in spite of the high proportion of patients with lymph node involvement at diagnosis for DTC and the limited treatment options for MTC, 10-year OS was high.

11.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 147(11): 959-965, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617977

RESUMO

Importance: Hypoparathyroidism is one of the most common complications after total or completion thyroidectomy. The reported incidence rate of hypoparathyroidism in the literature is highly variable. Data that provide a better understanding of the magnitude of this postoperative complication are warranted and can provide a stepping stone for further collaborations that aim to reduce complication rates and establish uniform treatment protocols. Objective: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative, persistent hypoparathyroidism after total or completion thyroidectomy in patients who were referred to university hospital centers and assess the association of different definitions with the incidence of hypoparathyroidism. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective multicenter cohort study conducted throughout 2016 in 7 Dutch university hospital centers included 200 patients who were undergoing a total or completion thyroidectomy. Data analysis was conducted in January 2021. Main Outcomes and Measures: We report on the incidence of persistent hypoparathyroidism, defined as the need for active vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation longer than 1 year after surgery. Results: A total of 200 patients (143 women [71.5%]; mean [IQR] age, 49.0 [37.0-62.0] years) were included and 30 patients (15.0%) developed persistent hypoparathyroidism. The incidence of persistent hypoparathyroidism varied between 14.5% (calcium and active vitamin D 1 year postsurgery) to 28.5% (calcium and/or active vitamin D 6 months postsurgery) depending on the definition used. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, the risk of persistent hypoparathyroidism after total or completion thyroidectomy was 15% in patients who were referred to university hospital centers. The high rate of persistent hypoparathyroidism warrants efforts to reduce this complication rate. There is discrepancy in the definition and treatment of persistent hypoparathyroidism, and use of uniform evidence-based treatment guidelines enables comparison of interventions.


Assuntos
Hipoparatireoidismo/epidemiologia , Hipoparatireoidismo/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Tireoidectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Hormônios e Agentes Reguladores de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoparatireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hipoparatireoidismo/prevenção & controle , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Int J Surg Open ; 35: 100397, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568624

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has influenced (surgical) care worldwide. Measures were taken to prioritize surgical care in order to maintain capacity for COVID-19 healthcare. However, the influence of these measures on emergency surgery is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study is to describe the trends in emergency surgery and determine the factors influencing the risk of postoperative complications during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective cohort study investigated all emergency patients operated on from March 9th to June 30th, 2020. The primary endpoint was identifying the number of emergency surgical procedures performed. Secondary endpoints were determining the number of postoperative complications and factors determining the risk of postoperative complications, which were calculated by multivariate analysis with odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence (CI) intervals. RESULTS: In total, 1399 patients who underwent an emergency surgical procedure were included. An increase in the number of emergency vascular and trauma surgical procedures occurred during the study period. In contrast, the number of emergency general and oncological surgical procedures performed remained stable. An increased age (OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00-1.02; p = 0.024), American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.09-1.64; p = 0.005), and surgical discipline were independent predictors for an increased risk of postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: The performance of emergency vascular and trauma surgical procedures increased. The performance of emergency general and oncological surgical procedures remained stable. In addition, increased age, ASA, and surgical discipline were independent predictors for an increased risk of postoperative complications.

13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 719397, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456874

RESUMO

Purpose: Conventional thyroidectomy has been standard of care for surgical thyroid nodules. For cosmetic purposes different minimally invasive and remote-access surgical approaches have been developed. At present, the most used robotic and endoscopic thyroidectomy approaches are minimally invasive video assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT), bilateral axillo-breast approach endoscopic thyroidectomy (BABA-ET), bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy (BABA-RT), transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy via vestibular approach (TOETVA), retro-auricular endoscopic thyroidectomy (RA-ET), retro-auricular robotic thyroidectomy (RA-RT), gasless transaxillary endoscopic thyroidectomy (GTET) and robot assisted transaxillary surgery (RATS). The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate whether minimally invasive techniques are not inferior to conventional thyroidectomy. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in Medline, Embase and Web of Science to identify original articles investigating operating time, length of hospital stay and complication rates regarding recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and hypocalcemia, of the different minimally invasive techniques. Results: Out of 569 identified manuscripts, 98 studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies were retrospective in nature. The results of the systematic review varied. Thirty-one articles were included in the meta-analysis. Compared to the standard of care, the meta-analysis showed no significant difference in length of hospital stay, except a longer stay after BABA-ET. No significant difference in incidence of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and hypocalcemia was seen. As expected, operating time was significantly longer for most minimally invasive techniques. Conclusions: This is the first comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the eight most commonly used minimally invasive thyroid surgeries individually with standard of care. It can be concluded that minimally invasive techniques do not lead to more complications or longer hospital stay and are, therefore, not inferior to conventional thyroidectomy.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrão de Cuidado/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Tireoidectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1652021 05 25.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346587

RESUMO

18F-fluorocholine PET-CT was introduced in The Netherlands for detection of pathological parathyroid glands in patients with primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism around five years ago. This relatively new imaging technique is able to localise pathological parathyroid glands in the case of negative or inconclusive conventional imaging, such as ultrasound and 99mTc-sestamibi scans. In this manuscript we review the performance and usage of 18F-fluorocholine PET-CT in the Netherlands. In the past five years many articles have been published, demonstrating its superior sensitivity and positive predictive value. All centers in The Netherlands have adopted this scan in their daily practice to enable minimal invasive surgery in patients with hyperparathyroidism, due to the relatively high costs, mostly as second line imaging modality. Studies regarding cost-effectiveness are currently lacking and will have to show if this new imaging modality should replace 99mTc-sestamibi scanning as a first-line localisation study.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Primário , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Colina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi
15.
J Thorac Oncol ; 16(11): 1810-1820, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352379

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Until now, well-differentiated bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (bpNET) occurring either sporadically (sp-bpNET) or in the context of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) and diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) are regarded as similar entities. However, in contrast to sp-bpNET: MEN1-related and DIPNECH-related bpNET rarely metastasize or lead to bpNET-related death. We aimed to describe and compare the course of the disease of sp-bpNET, DIPNECH- and MEN1-related bpNET. METHODS: All patients with histologically confirmed MEN1-related bpNET from the DutchMEN Study Group database (1990-2017), patients with resected sp-bpNET and DIPNECH patients referred to a Dutch European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society center between 2000 and 2018 were included. Fisher's exact test was used for comparison between groups. The primary end point was disease-specific mortality (DSM). Kaplan-Meier and logrank test were used to compare survival. Cox regression was used to identify risk factors for DSM in the sp-bpNET subgroup. RESULTS: We included 112 sp-bpNET, 29 MEN1, and 27 DIPNECH patients. Tumor classification was similar across subgroups. A total of 20 patients (18%) with sp-bpNET died because of bpNET, compared with none in the MEN1 group and DIPNECH group. Median disease-specific survival was 12.3 (confidence interval: 6.3-18.3) years for patients with sp-bpNET, and not estimable for the other subgroups (p < 0.001). Differences in baseline characteristics did not explain worse survival in sp-bpNET. Tumor classification and age at diagnosis were independent risk factors for DSM in sp-bpNET. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with sp-bpNET have a significantly higher DSM compared with MEN1 or DIPNECH-related bpNET, unexplained by differences in baseline characteristics. This implies that not all bpNET are similar entities.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Humanos
16.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(12): 3515-3525, 2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333645

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NF-pNETs) are highly prevalent and constitute an important cause of mortality in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). Still, the optimal age to initiate screening for pNETs is under debate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to assess the age of occurrence of clinically relevant NF-pNETs in young MEN1 patients. METHODS: Pancreatic imaging data of MEN1 patients were retrieved from the DutchMEN Study Group database. Interval-censored survival methods were used to describe age-related penetrance, compare survival curves, and develop a parametric model for estimating the risk of having clinically relevant NF-pNET at various ages. The primary objective was to assess age at occurrence of clinically relevant NF-pNET (size ≥ 20 mm or rapid growth); secondary objectives were the age at occurrence of NF-pNET of any size and pNET-associated metastasized disease. RESULTS: Five of 350 patients developed clinically relevant NF-pNETs before age 18 years, 2 of whom subsequently developed lymph node metastases. No differences in clinically relevant NF-pNET-free survival were found for sex, time frame, and type of MEN1 diagnosis or genotype. The estimated ages (median, 95% CI) at a 1%, 2.5%, and 5% risk of having developed a clinically relevant tumor are 9.5 (6.5-12.7), 13.5 (10.2-16.9), and 17.8 years (14.3-21.4), respectively. CONCLUSION: Analyses from this population-based cohort indicate that start of surveillance for NF-pNETs with pancreatic imaging at age 13 to 14 years is justified. The psychological and medical burden of screening at a young age should be considered.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
17.
Thyroid ; 31(11): 1715-1722, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340567

RESUMO

Background: A thyroid incidentaloma (TI) is an unexpected, asymptomatic thyroid lesion discovered during the investigation of an unrelated condition. The aim of the present study is to examine the incidence of 18Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) TI, the associated management strategies and the outcomes in a tertiary cancer referral center. Methods: This study involves a retrospective cohort study of 1003 patients with TI found on 18FDG-PET/CT scans performed between January 2010 and January 2020 for a nonthyroidal malignancy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analyses in patients concerning an underlying malignancy, with a prevalence of 5% or higher in this cohort. Logistic- and cox regression analyses were performed to analyze predictors of thyroid malignancy and mortality. A propensity score weighted method was used to control for baseline differences between the intervention (additional TI diagnostics) and control (no TI diagnostics) group. Results: FDG-positive TI occurred in 1.9% (1003/52,693) of the oncologic 18FDG-PET/CT scans performed in our center. Thyroid surgery was performed in 47 patients (6%) and a thyroid malignancy was detected in 31 of them, which is 66% of those who had an operation and 4% of all patients. During the follow-up (median 6 years), 334 deaths (42%) related to different types of cancer (38%) or other causes (4%) were observed. One patient died from medullary thyroid cancer. In multivariate analysis adjusted for age, gender and the type- and stage of nonthyroidal malignancy, were independent predictors of survival (P < .05). Conclusions: The incidence of TI in this tertiary cancer referral center was comparable to current literature. Further thyroid workup was performed in less than half of the patients, and only a minority of patients underwent thyroid surgery. Since only one patient died from thyroid cancer, the strategy to withhold from thyroid diagnostics and treatment seems valid for most TI. Active thyroid treatment might benefit a subgroup of patients in whom the primary nonthyroidal malignancy is successfully treated or presumably stable. A wait-and-see policy with ultrasound follow-up could be an alternative strategy. These considerations should be part of the shared decision making in cancer patients with a TI.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Pontuação de Propensão , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
18.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(12): e4969-e4980, 2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318891

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Duodenopancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (dpNETs) frequently occur in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), and metastatic dpNET is the primary cause of disease-related mortality. There is a need for biomarkers that can identify patients with MEN1-related dpNETs that are at high risk of developing distant metastasis. Polyamines have tumor-promoting roles in several cancer types. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that MEN1-dpNET-related disease progression is associated with elevated levels of circulating polyamines. METHODS: Through an international collaboration between The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, the National Institutes of Health, and the University Medical Center Utrecht, plasma polyamine levels were assessed using mass spectrometry in 84 patients with MEN1 (20 with distant metastatic dpNETs [patients] and 64 with either indolent dpNETs or no dpNETs [controls]). A mouse model of MEN1-pNET, Men1fl/flPdx1-CreTg, was used to test time-dependent changes in plasma polyamines associated with disease progression. RESULTS: A 3-marker plasma polyamine signature (3MP: N-acetylputrescine, acetylspermidine, and diacetylspermidine) distinguished patients with metastatic dpNETs from controls in an initial set of plasmas from the 3 participating centers. The fixed 3MP yielded an area under the curve of 0.84 (95% CI, 0.62-1.00) with 66.7% sensitivity at 95% specificity for distinguishing patients from controls in an independent test set from MDACC. In Men1fl/flPdx1-CreTg mice, the 3MP was elevated early and remained high during disease progression. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide a basis for prospective testing of blood-based polyamines as a potential means for monitoring patients with MEN1 for harboring or developing aggressive disease.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Poliaminas/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias Duodenais/sangue , Neoplasias Duodenais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/sangue , Neoplasia Endócrina Múltipla Tipo 1/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/sangue , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 has put a strain on regular healthcare worldwide. For inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), gastrointestinal surgeries were postponed and changes in treatment and diagnostic procedures were made. As abrupt changes in treatment regimens may result in an increased morbidity and consequent well-being of patients with IBD, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with IBD. DESIGN: All patients with IBD who completed both Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire between 31 August and 13 September 2020 were included in our cohort study. The primary end point was to determine the HRQoL in patients with IBD, measured by the IBDQ and SF-36 questionnaire. The secondary end point was determining which factors influence the HRQoL in patients with IBD. RESULTS: 582 patients with IBD filled in the IBDQ and SF-36 questionnaire. The HRQoL in our study population was low according to the questionnaires on both physical and mental subscales. In addition, multivariate analysis showed that increased age, female sex and patients who underwent surgery had a significantly lower HRQoL, most frequently on the physical domains in both questionnaires. CONCLUSION: Patients with IBD had an overall low HRQoL during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, older patients, women and patients who underwent surgical procedures had the lowest physical HRQoL.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/psicologia , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Sexuais , Tempo para o Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ann Surg ; 274(6): e659-e663, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to generate a reproducible and generalizable Workflow model of ICG-angiography integrating Standardization and Quantification (WISQ) that can be applied uniformly within the surgical innovation realm independent of the user. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Tissue perfusion based on indocyanine green (ICG)-angiography is a rapidly growing application in surgical innovation. Interpretation of results has been subjective and error-prone due to the lack of a standardized and quantitative ICG-workflow and analytical methodology. There is a clinical need for a more generic, reproducible, and quantitative ICG perfusion model for objective assessment of tissue perfusion. METHODS: In this multicenter, proof-of-concept study, we present a generic and reproducible ICG-workflow integrating standardization and quantification for perfusion assessment. To evaluate our model's clinical feasibility and reproducibility, we assessed the viability of parathyroid glands after performing thyroidectomy. Biochemical hypoparathyroidism was used as the postoperative endpoint and its correlation with ICG quantification intraoperatively. Parathyroid gland is an ideal model as parathyroid function post-surgery is only affected by perfusion. RESULTS: We show that visual subjective interpretation of ICG-angiography by experienced surgeons on parathyroid perfusion cannot reliably predict organ function impairment postoperatively, emphasizing the importance of an ICG quantification model. WISQ was able to standardize and quantify ICG-angiography and provided a robust and reproducible perfusion curve analysis. A low ingress slope of the perfusion curve combined with a compromised egress slope was indicative for parathyroid organ dysfunction in 100% of the cases. CONCLUSION: WISQ needs prospective validation in larger series and may eventually support clinical decision-making to predict and prevent postoperative organ function impairment in a large and varied surgical population.


Assuntos
Angiografia/normas , Verde de Indocianina , Glândulas Paratireoides/irrigação sanguínea , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Tireoidectomia/normas , Fluxo de Trabalho , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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