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Gene ; 805: 145904, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418470


Breast cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in women. Breast cancer metastasis which usually is observed at the last stage is the major cause of breast cancer-related death. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are member of the non-coding RNA family. It is known that lncRNAs have important functions in the genes regulation of different processes and pathways such as EMT (Epithelial mesenchymal transition), metastasis and apoptosis. Therefore, it is inevitable that lncRNAs have potential contribution for the understanding of cancer pathogenesis. lncRNA-ZEB2NAT is the natural antisense transcript of ZEB2. Herein, we investigated the effects of lncRNA-ZEB2NAT on process of EMT, metastasis and apoptosis in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The effect of ZEB2NAT on the expression of important genes in EMT, metastasis and apoptosis, and some protein levels was determined by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis, respectively. The effects of ZEB2NAT on cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and colony formation were evaluated using XTT, annexin V, invasion and colony assays, respectively. The ZEB2NAT knockdown caused anti-metastatic and apoptotic effects. The ZEB2NAT knockdown resulted in a decrease in ZEB2 and N-cadherin but an increase in E-cadherin protein levels. In addition, it was determined that ZEB2NAT knockdown significantly decreased cell proliferation and stimulated apoptosis in both cells. It was found that ZEB2NAT knockdown significantly decreased invasion and colony formation in both cells. ZEB2NAT knockdown showed anti-metastatic and apoptotic effect by affecting the important genes in both cells. These results have suggested that ZEB2NAT has an important role in EMT, metastasis and apoptosis in breast cancer and ZEB2NAT knockdown caused significant anti-cancer activities.

Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/genética , Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo
Med Oncol ; 38(9): 113, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378101


The aim of this study was to determine the effect of lncRNA HIF1A-AS2 on autophagy-associated drug resistance in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. The expression of HIF1A-AS2 was silenced by siRNA in doxorubicin-sensitive H69 and doxorubicin-resistant H69AR cells. Then, cytotoxicity, apoptosis and autophagy analyses were carried out in the normoxic and CoCl2-induced hypoxic environment. The effect of HIF1A-AS2 on the expression levels of genes, which are associated with drug resistance and autophagy, was determinated by qRT-PCR analysis. The levels of MRP1, HIF-1α and Beclin-1 were analyzed by western blot method. Knockdown of HIF1A-AS2 increased doxorubicin sensitivity of SCLC cells and decreased autophagy. Knockdown of HIF1A-AS2 has also affected the expression of several genes that will increase drug sensitivity and inhibit autophagy in both cell lines. The levels of HIF-1α and Beclin-1 were decreased in both cell lines by knockdown of HIF1A-AS2. MRP1 expression was decrease in H69AR cells. In addition, CoCl2-induced hypoxic environment decreased in doxorubicin sensitivity of H69 cells, and knockdown of HIF1A-AS2 reversed this effect of hypoxia. Knockdown of HIF1A-AS2 increased drug sensitivity of SCLC cells in relation to autophagy. Therefore, hypoxia-HIF1A-AS2-autophagy interaction is thought to be determinative in drug sensitivity of these cells.

Biosci Microbiota Food Health ; 39(2): 23-32, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328397


The human body contains many microorganisms, including a large number of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa, which are referred to as the microbiota. Compared with the number of cells comprising the human body, that of the microbiota has been found to be much larger. The microbiome is defined as microorganisms and their genomes have been shown to contain about 100 times more genes than the human genome. The microbiota affects many vital functions in the human body. It contributes to regulation of the immune system, digestion of food, production of vitamins such as B12 and K, metabolization of xenobiotic materials, and many other tasks. Many factors affect the microbiota biodiversity, such as diet, medicines including antibiotics, relationships with the environment, pregnancy, and age. Studies have shown that the lack of microbiota diversity leads to many diseases like autoimmune diseases such as diabetes type I, rheumatism, muscular dystrophy, problems in blood coagulation due to lack of vitamin K, and disturbances in the transfer of nerve cells due to lack of vitamin B12, in addition to its involvement in a number of conditions such as cancer, memory disorders, depression, stress, autism, and Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this review is to summarize the latest studies discussing the relationship between the microbiota and the human body in health and diseases.

Gene ; 671: 127-134, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29792952


Sinapic acid (SA) is a derivative of hydroxycinnamic acid and found in various vegetables and fruit species. Aim was to evaluate the anticancer effects of SA in PC-3 and LNCaP human prostate cancer cells. The effect of SA on cell viability was determined using XTT assay. Expressions of 8 genes for apoptosis and 6 genes for metastasis were evaluated by qPCR. Caspase-3 activity was determined using caspase-3 colorimetric assay kit. Effect of SA on cell invasion was evaluated with cell invasion assay. The IC50 dose of SA in PC-3 and LNCaP cells was found to be 1000 µM for 72 h. SA treatment increased the expression of BAX, CASP3, CASP8, CYCS, FAS, TIMP-1 and CDH1 however significantly decreased the expression of MMP-9 in PC-3 cells. In LNCaP cells, the expressions of BAX, CASP3, CASP7 and CYCS were significantly elevated; however, a decrease was seen in the expressions of CDH2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the SA treatment. Moreover, SA significantly increased caspase-3 activity and suppressed the cell invasion. In conclusion, it is thought that SA has anticancer effect on prostate cancer cells. However, more detailed studies should be conduct to illuminate molecular mechanism of apoptotic and antimetastatic activity of SA.

Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Ácidos Cumáricos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico
Turk J Med Sci ; 46(3): 673-9, 2016 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27513240


BACKGROUND/AIM: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms play a role in prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined three eNOS gene polymorphisms (T-786C promoter region, G894T, and Intron 4 VNTR 4a/b) at extracted DNAs from 50 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of PCa patients. For the controls, blood samples obtained from 50 healthy men were studied. Genotyping of molecular variants was performed by PCR-RFLP technique. RESULTS: We found that the TC genotype of the T-786C polymorphism was associated with PCa risk (OR: 3.325, CI: 1.350-8.188, P = 0.008). The eNOS G894T polymorphism was also associated with PCa. The frequency of the 894T allele was significantly higher in PCa patients. No association was identified between intron 4 VNTR polymorphism and PCa. CONCLUSION: We found significant differences in genotypic and allelic frequencies between PCa patients and controls for eNOS T-786C and G894T polymorphisms. The presence of the T-786C genotype and 894T allele in carriers increased the risk of PCa. No association was found between intron 4 VNTR polymorphism and PCa patients.

Polimorfismo Genético , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Repetições Minissatélites , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III , Inclusão em Parafina , Neoplasias da Próstata