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1.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789636

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of night denture (ND) placement on abutment tooth mobility in removable partial denture (RPD) wearers with sleep bruxism (SB). METHODS: The participants were selected from RPD wearers diagnosed with SB using BiteStrip® and randomly allocated to one of the following groups: with ND placement or without ND placement (intervention or control group, respectively). The mobility of the RPD abutment tooth was measured using Periotest® at baseline (T0) and at 1 (T1), 3 (T3), and 6 months (T6). BiteStrip® scores were recorded at T0 and T6. Intragroup comparisons of the Periotest® value (PTV) were performed using analysis of covariance. Intergroup comparisons of PTV and BiteStrip® scores were performed using the linear mixed model and Wilcoxon signed-rank test, respectively. Intragroup comparisons of BiteStrip® scores were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: At T6, the PTV in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p=0.004). PTV was significantly lower at T6 than that at T0 in the intervention group (p=0.030), while PTV was significantly higher at T6 than that at T0 in the control group (p=0.007). There was no significant difference in the BiteStrip® score between the two groups. The BiteStrip® score at T6 was significantly lower than that at T0 only in the intervention group (p=0.011). CONCLUSION: ND placement might inhibit the increase in mobility of RPD abutment teeth and be effective in protecting them in RPD wearers with SB.

2.
Dent J (Basel) ; 9(10)2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677176

RESUMO

(1) Background: When dental implants are placed at the esthetic zone, facial bone fenestration might be expected. This study aimed to evaluate the biomechanical effect of bone augmentation around implants with facial bone fenestration defects using the finite element method. (2) Methods: An anterior maxillary region model with facial concavity was constructed with a threaded implant inserted following the root direction, resulting in apical threads exposure to represent the fenestration model. Several bone coverage levels were simulated by gradually shifting the deepest concavity point buccally, mimicking bone augmentation surgeries with different bone fill results. Oblique forces were applied, and analysis was performed. (3) Results: Peak compressive stress magnitude and distribution varied according to the level of exposure and facial concavity depth. The fenestration model demonstrated a slightly lower peak peri-implant bone stress, smaller implant displacement, and smaller bone volume with strain levels above 200 µ strain. A gradual increase in compressive stress, implant displacement, and bone volume exhibited strain level above 200 µ strain was observed with the increased bone fill level of the facial bone fenestration. (4) Conclusions: Exposure of implants apical threads at the maxillary anterior region does not significantly affect the peri-implant stress and strain results. However, increasing the buccolingual width and eliminating the buccal concavity might increase the peri-implant bone volume exhibited favorable loading levels.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257208, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506512

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have rarely attempted to test the confounding factors that may affect learning outcomes of the flipped classroom. The purpose of this study was to assess how flipped classrooms affect the acquisition of knowledge in clinical dental education based on multilevel factor analysis. METHOD: The authors conducted a 3-year (2017, 2018, and 2019) randomized controlled trial in a series of introductory prosthodontics courses in dental education. A total of 137 participants were randomly assigned to flipped classroom (n = 70, 51%) or lecture (n = 67, 49%) formats. The flipped group was instructed to self-learn knowledge-based content through online preparation materials, including videos and text, while the lecture group was given text only. Both groups were provided with the same study content and opportunities for different styles of learning. The session attendance rate and number of times the materials were accessed were monitored. Individual and team readiness assurance tests (IRAT/TRAT) were conducted to evaluate knowledge acquisition. A multilevel linear regression analysis was conducted on both instructional styles (flipped vs. lecture) as an intervention factor, and confounding factors that could affect the outcomes were implemented. RESULTS: The average number of online accesses was 2.5 times per session in the flipped group and 1.2 in the lecture group, with a significant difference (p < .05). The average IRAT score was significantly higher in the flipped than in the lecture group (effect size [ES] 0.58, p < .001). The number of online accesses was significantly and positively correlated with IRAT scores (0.6 [0.4, 0.8]). The instructional style was significantly and positively correlated with TRAT scores (coefficient [95% confidence interval]: 4.6 [2.0, 7.3]), but it was not correlated with IRAT (4.3 [-0.45, 9.0]). CONCLUSIONS: The flipped classroom was more effective than the lecture format regarding knowledge acquisition; however, the decisive factor was not the instructional style but the number of individual learning occasions. The employment of the flipped classroom was the decisive factor for team-based learning outcomes.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos
4.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234049

RESUMO

To evaluate the flexural and fatigue properties of a polyester disk material used in milled resin clasps of removable partial dentures, experimental polyester disk (mPE), injection-molded polyester (iPE), and polymethyl methacrylate disk (mPMMA) were examined by three-point bending tests and cyclic fatigue tests at 0.75 or 1.50 mm deflection. The mPE exhibited significantly higher flexural strength than the iPE (p<0.05). Meanwhile, the mPMMA displayed higher flexural modulus and strength than the polyesters. The mPE exhibited a significantly lower residual strain than the iPE at the cyclic 0.75 mm deflection (p<0.05); however, microcracks were observed in the mPE at the 1.50 mm deflection. The mPMMA showed a high residual strain at the 0.75 mm deflection and fractured within 1,000 cycles at the 1.5 mm deflection. The higher flexural strength and lower residual strain of the mPE compared with the iPE suggest the advantages of milled resin clasps within a limited deflection.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13907, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230552

RESUMO

Successful adaptation to wearing dentures with palatal coverage may be associated with cortical activity changes related to tongue motor control. The purpose was to investigate the brain activity changes during tongue movement in response to a new oral environment. Twenty-eight fully dentate subjects (mean age: 28.6-years-old) who had no experience with removable dentures wore experimental palatal plates for 7 days. We measured tongue motor dexterity, difficulty with tongue movement, and brain activity using functional magnetic resonance imaging during tongue movement at pre-insertion (Day 0), as well as immediately (Day 1), 3 days (Day 3), and 7 days (Day 7) post-insertion. Difficulty with tongue movement was significantly higher on Day 1 than on Days 0, 3, and 7. In the subtraction analysis of brain activity across each day, activations in the angular gyrus and right precuneus on Day 1 were significantly higher than on Day 7. Tongue motor impairment induced activation of the angular gyrus, which was associated with monitoring of the tongue's spatial information, as well as the activation of the precuneus, which was associated with constructing the tongue motor imagery. As the tongue regained the smoothness in its motor functions, the activation of the angular gyrus and precuneus decreased.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Movimento/fisiologia , Palato/fisiologia , Língua/fisiologia , Adulto , Mapeamento Encefálico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Atividade Motora/fisiologia
6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9987860, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195290

RESUMO

Purpose: The potential of UV-mediated photofunctionalization to enhance the resin-based luting agent bonding performance to aged materials was investigated. Methods: Sixty samples of each material were prepared. Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YZr) and Pd-Au alloy (Pd-Au) plates were fabricated and sandblasted. Lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (LDS) was CAD-CAM prepared and ground with #800 SiC paper. Half of the specimens were immersed in machine oil for 24 h to simulate the carbon adsorption. Then, all of the specimens (noncarbon- and carbon-adsorbed) were submitted to UV-mediated photofunctionalization with a 15 W UV-LED (265 nm, 300 mA, 7692 µW/cm2) for 0 (control groups), 5, and 15 min and subjected to contact angle (Ɵ) measurement and bonded using a resin cement (Panavia™ V5, Kuraray Noritake, Japan). The tensile bond strength (TBS) test was performed after 24 h. The Ɵ (°) and TBS (MPa) data were statistically analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni correction tests (α = 0.05). Results: In the carbon-adsorbed groups, UV-mediated photofunctionalization for 5 min significantly decreased Ɵ of all materials and increased TBS of YZr, and UV for 15 min significantly increased the TBS of LDS and Pd-Au. In noncarbon-adsorbed groups, UV-photofunctionalization did not significantly change the Ɵ or TBS except YZr specimens UV-photofunctionalized for 15 min. Conclusion: UV-mediated photofunctionalization might have removed the adsorbed hydrocarbon molecules from the materials' surfaces and enhanced bond strengths of Panavia™ V5 to YZr, LDS, and Pd-Au. Additionally, UV-mediated photofunctionalization improved the overall TBS of YZr. Further investigation on the optimum conditions of UV photofunctionalization on indirect restorative materials should be conducted.


Assuntos
Ligas Dentárias , Fotoquímica/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Adsorção , Carbono , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Colagem Dentária , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Ouro/química , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos/química , Teste de Materiais , Paládio/química , Estudos Prospectivos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Raios Ultravioleta , Ítrio/química , Zircônio/química
7.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176847

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the short-term effects of thermoplastic resin removable partial dentures (TR-RPDs), referred to as non-metal clasp dentures, with those of metal-clasp-retained RPDs (MC-RPDs) on the periodontal health of abutment teeth. METHODS: A randomized cross-over trial was conducted in 28 partially dentate patients. Participants were randomized into two groups and received MC-RPDs followed by TR-RPDs, or vice versa, for 3 months. Periodontal clinical parameters, such as the plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth, tooth mobility, and microbiological status of the abutment teeth, were evaluated at the delivery and 3 months after using each RPD. RESULTS: Of the 28 patients enrolled, 24 (mean age, 67.3 years) completed the trial, and 55 abutment teeth were evaluated. The periodontal condition of the abutment teeth did not deteriorate after 3 months of using both types of RPDs. There was no statistically significant difference in the plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth, tooth mobility, and the red complex bacteria between TR- and MC-RPDs (p >0.05). The Periotest value for TR-RPDs was significantly lower than that for MC-RPDs (p <0.05). However, this difference was not clinically significant. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the influence of TR-RPDs on the periodontal health of abutment teeth was limited within 3 months of use. Trial registration number: The study protocol was registered at UMIN-CTR (UMIN000007310).

8.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34108298

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This retrospective study evaluated the periodontal tissues of the abutment teeth of removable partial dentures (RPDs) with rigid retainers and major connectors in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). METHODS: A total of 313 patients who had been treated with RPDs, including rigid retainers and major connectors, were divided into two groups: T2D and non-T2D. The periodontal parameters and radiographic bone heights of the abutment teeth were evaluated at baseline and at a 5-year examination during supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). For patients with accessible standardized radiographs, bone density was analyzed based on the gray level (GL) using digital subtraction radiography (n = 83). RESULTS: Overall, 739 abutment teeth (86 in the T2D group) of 235 patients (25 in the T2D group) were analyzed, and 95.0% (94.2% in the T2D group, and 95.2% in the non-T2D group) were maintained. The mean probing pocket depth significantly increased in both groups ( p < 0.001). There were significant changes in the radiographic bone height (p = 0.038) and GL on the side of the denture base area (p = 0.048) in the T2D group compared to those in the non-T2D group. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of T2D, RPDs with rigid retainers and major connectors could prevent the progression of periodontal disease and successfully maintain most of the abutment teeth during 5-years of SPT. However, T2D may be significantly associated with loss of bone height reduction and density on the side of the denture base area.

9.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931832

RESUMO

This study investigated: (1) the microbicidal effect of 405-nm blue LED light irradiation on biofilm formed by Candida albicans hyphae and Streptococcus mutans under dual-species condition on denture base resin, (2) the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by irradiation, and (3) the existence of intracellular porphyrins, which act as a photosensitizer. Denture base resin specimens were prepared and C. albicans and S. mutans dual-species biofilms were allowed to form on the specimens. The biofilms were irradiated with 405-nm blue LED light and analyzed using the colony-forming unit assay, fluorescence microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Single-species biofilms of C. albicans and S. mutans formed on the specimens were irradiated with 405-nm blue LED light. After the irradiation, the intracellular ROS levels in C. albicans and S. mutans cells were measured. In addition, the level of intracellular porphyrins in C. albicans and S. mutans were measured. Irradiation for more than 30 min significantly inhibited the colony formation ability of C. albicans and S. mutans. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that almost all C. albicans and S. mutans cells were killed by irradiation. SEM images showed various cell damage patterns. Irradiation led to the generation of intracellular ROS and porphyrins were present in both C. albicans and S. mutans cells. In conclusion, irradiation with 405-nm blue light-emitting diode light for 40 min effectively disinfect C. albicans hyphae and S. mutans dual-species biofilms and possibly react with intracellular porphyrins resulting in generation of ROS in each microorganism.

10.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(7): 809-816, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The existing masticatory performance (MP) tests cannot comprehensively evaluate objective masticatory function. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the construct validity and responsiveness and determine the clinically minimum important difference (MID) and related factors of a newly developed MP scale to integrate food biting, comminution and mixing ability in patients with removable partial dentures (RPDs). METHODS: Masticatory performance tests using gummy jelly, peanuts and colour-changeable gum were performed before and 3 months after RPD treatment in 248 partially dentate patients. A 10-point ordinal subscale was created for each MP test based on the distributions of MP values, and the three subscales were integrated into a single scale (iMP scale). We analysed the correlations between MP values and iMP scores and determined the effect size for RPD treatments and the MID on the basis of patient perception of chewing ability. RESULTS: iMP scores exhibited moderate correlations with the three MP values (|ρ| = 0.73-0.79, p < .001) and with the change scores (|ρ| =0.61-0.64, p < .001). The mean iMP score significantly increased after RPD treatment (p < .001), and the effect size was 0.35. Of the 248 patients, 55 (22%) reported a slight improvement in chewing ability with a mean iMP score change of 2.1 points. Sex and the number of missing teeth were significantly associated with iMP scores (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The iMP scale comprehensively evaluated objective masticatory function, including food biting, comminution and mixing ability in RPD wearers, and an increase of two points on the iMP scale was considered to be the MID in RPD treatments.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Removível , Alimentos , Humanos , Mastigação
11.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 495-501, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692285

RESUMO

Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the responsiveness of chewing tests after removable partial denture (RPD) treatment in this prospective cohort study.Methods Pre- and post-RPD treatment, objective masticatory function was evaluated in 248 patients via chewing tests involving peanuts, a gummy jelly, and a color-changeable gum. A statistical comparison was performed between the pre- and post-treatment scores, and the standardized response mean (SRM) was determined as the treatment effect size (ES).Results After RPD treatment, the median particle size in the sieving method using peanuts significantly decreased, and the glucose concentration in the gummy jelly method significantly increased (P < 0.001). The ESs of the sieving and gummy jelly methods were larger (|SRM| = 0.3-0.4) than that of the gum method (|SRM| = 0.1). In the subgroup analysis, the sieving and gummy jelly methods resulted in a broader effective range (|SRM| ≥ 0.3) than the gum method. In patients without pre-treatment dentures, the ES was medium in the sieving method (|SRM| = 0.6) and weak in the gummy jelly and gum methods (|SRM| = 0.3-0.4). The pre-treatment level of masticatory function was significantly correlated with ES (ρ = 0.93, P < 0.001).Conclusions These results suggest that the sieving and gummy jelly methods are more responsive than the gum method for RPD treatment and that the pre-treatment scores affect the responsiveness.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Removível , Alimentos , Humanos , Mastigação , Tamanho da Partícula , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 116: 104370, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545417

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of load-induced local mechanical strain on bone cell activity of peri-implant bone in mice. Titanium implants were placed in the maxillae of 13-week-old male C57BL/6J mice and subjected to intermittent 0.15 N, 0.3 N, or 0.6 N loads for 30 min/day for 6 days. The animals were sacrificed 2 days after the final loading. Unloaded mice were used as controls. An animal-specific three-dimensional finite element model was constructed based on morphological data retrieved from in vivo microfocus computed tomography for each mouse to calculate the mechanical strain distribution. Strain distribution images were overlaid on corresponding histological images of the same site in the same animal. The buccal cervical region of the peri-implant bone was predetermined as the region of interest (ROI). Each ROI was divided by four strain intensity levels: 0-20 µÎµ, 20-60 µÎµ, 60-100 µÎµ, and ≥100 µÎµ, and the bone histomorphometric parameters were analyzed by the total area of each strain range for all loaded samples. The distance between the calcified front and calcein labeling as a parameter representing the mineral apposition rate was significantly greater in the areas with strain intensity ≥100 µÎµ than in the area with strain intensity <100 µÎµ, suggesting that the bone formation activity of osteoblasts was locally enhanced by a higher mechanical strain. However, the shrunken osteocytes and the empty osteocyte lacunae were significantly lower in the highest strain area, suggesting that osteoclastogenesis was more retarded in higher strain areas than in lower strain areas. The histomorphometric parameters were not affected geometrically in the unloaded animals, suggesting that the load-induced mechanical strain caused differences in the histomorphometric parameters. Our findings support the hypothesis that bone cell activity related to bone resorption and formation is local strain-dependent on implant loading.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Implantes Dentários , Animais , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteócitos , Estresse Mecânico
13.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504721

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study comprehensively reviewed the current status of digital workflows in fabricating removable partial dentures (RPDs) using evidence from clinical trials and case reports. STUDY SELECTION: We performed a systematic review of the literature on the materials and fabrication of RPDs using digital technologies published in online databases from 1980 to 2020. We selected eligible articles from the search results, retrieved information on digital RPDs from these, and conducted a qualitative analysis. We report evidence from clinical papers and case reports, digital impression-taking methods, and maxillomandibular relationship (MMR) records. RESULTS: A case report electronically published in 2019 introduced a clasp-retained RPD fabricated via a full-digital workflow without a gypsum definitive cast. Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing of double-crown-retained RPDs with nonmetal materials were described in some case reports. Intraoral scanners were used to obtain digital impressions and MMR records in the fabrication of digital RPDs, which have potential advantages for reducing the number of clinical appointments and simplifying laboratory procedures. Evidence from clinical trials is scarce; a randomized controlled trial reported higher patient satisfaction with digital clasp-retained RPDs than with conventional RPDs. CONCLUSIONS: Full-digital RPDs can be fabricated without a gypsum definitive cast. However, the indication for full-digital RPDs is limited to cases with Kennedy Class III/IV partially edentulous arches with several missing teeth. Challenges in digital impression-taking and MMR recording remain to be solved to extend these indications. More evidence from clinical trials is required to evaluate the efficacy and usefulness of digital R PDs.

14.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504722

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study comprehensively reviewed the current status of the digital workflow of removable partial dentures (RPDs) and summarized information about the fabrication methods and material properties of the dental framework, artificial teeth, and denture base. STUDY SELECTION: We performed a systematic review of the literature published in online databases from January 1980 to April 2020 regarding RPD fabrication and materials used in the related digital technology. We selected eligible articles, retrieved information regarding digital RPDs, and conducted qualitative/quantitative analyses. In this paper, the computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) framework, artificial teeth, and denture base materials are reported. RESULTS: A variety of materials, such as cobalt-chromium alloy, titanium, zirconia, and polyether ether ketone, are used for dental CAD/CAM frameworks. The mechanical strength of the metal materials used for the CAD/CAM framework was superior to that of the cast framework. However, the fitness and surface roughness of the framework and clasp fabricated using a selective laser melting (SLM) method were not superior to those obtained via cast fabrication. Most material properties and the surface roughness of poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) discs used for digital RPDs were superior to those of heat-cured PMMA. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a CAD/CAM framework and PMMA disc for digital RPDs offers numerous advantages over conventional RPDs. However, technical challenges regarding the accuracy and durability of adhesion between the framework and denture base remain to be solved. In digital fabrication, human technical factors influence the quality of the framework.

15.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(1): 52-55, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938866

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of thermoplastic resin removable partial dentures (TR-RPDs) with metal clasp-retained removable partial dentures (MC-RPDs), from the patients' perspective. METHODS: Patient-reported outcome measures (Oral health-related quality of life [OHRQoL], patient satisfaction, oral appearance) were assessed among 24 partially dentate subjects who completed a randomized crossover trial comparing TR-RPDs and MC-RPDs. The prosthetic treatment fee for patients was used as the direct cost. The cost of achieving a clinically minimum important difference (MID) in Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) summary score, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICE R) for each outcome measure were determined. RESULTS: OHRQoL, patient satisfaction, and oral appearance was rated higher with TR-RPDs compared to MC-RPDs. The median cost of achieving a MID in OHRQoL with TR-RPDs ($698) was 6.5 times higher than that with MC-RPDs ($107). The ICER was $67 for the OHIP summary score, $195 for the satisfaction score, and $1,169 for the oral appearance rating. CONCLUSIONS: Although TR-RPDs provide better OHRQoL, patient satisfaction, and oral appearance than MC-RPDs, the cost-effectiveness of TR-RPDs was inferior to MC-RPDs from the patients' perspective.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Removível , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Dent Mater ; 37(3): e98-e108, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The application of selective laser melting (SLM) to dentistry has been rapidly expanding; however, SLM-processed parts possess orientation-dependent properties (i.e., anisotropy) that can affect the long-term reliability of the dental prostheses. This study aimed to evaluate the anisotropic corrosion response of SLM-processed Co-Cr-Mo alloys under various heat treatments. METHODS: Samples fabricated via SLM along the horizontal plane (x-y plane) and vertical plane (x-z plane), with respect to the build direction, were subjected to various heat treatments. The resulting microstructures of the samples were characterized, and their corrosion properties were evaluated using anodic polarization and immersion tests. RESULTS: All samples showed similar transpassive behavior of the polarization curves. However, the immersion tests showed that the as-built x-z plane samples released significantly more metal ions than those fabricated on the x-y plane because of the larger area of preferentially corroded molten pool boundaries (MPBs) in the x-z plane samples. Our results further demonstrated that the heat treatments eliminated the MPBs, resulting in isotropic corrosion properties. However, excessive heat treatment at high temperatures induces the formation of coarse precipitates, resulting in a less-protective passive film. SIGNIFICANCE: The post-build heat treatments at temperatures that eliminate the MPBs are effective in reducing anisotropic corrosion behavior, and the lowest possible temperature is suitable for reducing the amount of released metal ions. These findings are expected to facilitate the application of SLM in dentistry to allow fast and precise production of prosthetic devices.


Assuntos
Ligas , Temperatura Alta , Anisotropia , Ligas de Cromo , Corrosão , Ligas Dentárias , Lasers , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(4): 449-457, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ability of an instrument to detect a clinically important change in patient-reported outcomes following prosthetic treatment is critical for its use in clinical practice and research settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the responsiveness of instruments in evaluating patient perception of chewing ability after removable partial denture (RPD) treatment in a prospective cohort. METHODS: A single 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS), 20-item food intake questionnaire (FIQ) and 6-point chewing difficulty scale (CDS) were administered to 248 partially edentulous patients to evaluate chewing ability pre- and post-RPD treatment. We conducted a statistical comparison between the pre- and post-treatment scores and determined the effect size (r) of RPD treatment for the instruments. RESULTS: A significant improvement in chewing ability after RPD treatment was identified by VAS and CDS (P < .05), but not by FIQ (P = .16), which identified an improvement after controlling for sex, age, the number of missing teeth and presence/absence of existing removable dentures. The effect size was medium for VAS (r = .54), weak for CDS (r = .14-.17) and absent for FIQ (r = -.09). The increase in r was significantly associated with impaired chewing ability before treatment (ρ = -0.87, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the 100-mm VAS, followed by CDS, is the most responsive instrument to detect an improvement in chewing ability after RPD treatment. Pre-treatment impairment of chewing ability was associated with better responsiveness of the instruments.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Removível , Boca Edêntula , Humanos , Mastigação , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(7): 902-909, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The minimal clinically important differences (MID) of the Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) are the benchmark to meaningfully interpret treatment outcomes. However, there is no available information regarding the factors impact the MID variations after removable partial denture (RPD) treatment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the pre-treatment OHRQoL impairment on the MID in the oral health impact profile (OHIP) after RPD treatment. METHODS: In this prospective study, OHIP and Self-reported Oral Health (SROH) questionnaires were administered to patients before and 3 months after RPD treatment. The MID in each OHIP version (OHIP-49, OHIP-20, OHIP-14 and OHIP-5) was the mean score of patients who showed a minimum SROH improvement. Multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to determine the influence of the pre-treatment OHIP summary score on the MID score. RESULTS: Among 248 participants who completed both evaluations, 85 (34%) patients had minimum SROH improvements after RPD treatment. Multiple regression analysis indicated that each 10-point increase in the pre-treatment summary OHIP score was associated with an increase in the MID score of three points for OHIP-49 and four points for OHIP-20, OHIP-14 and OHIP-5 (P < .05), after controlling for age, sex and the number of missing teeth. Therefore, the MID increased as the pre-treatment OHRQoL was impaired. CONCLUSIONS: The MID was accounted for by approximately one-third of the pre-treatment summary score, independent of the OHIP version, in the interpretation of the effects of RPD treatment on patients' OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Removível , Humanos , Diferença Mínima Clinicamente Importante , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Clin Periodontol ; 47(4): 479-488, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912948

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of the measurement of palatal mucosa thickness using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to create a conversion formula to evaluate palatal mucosa thickness more accurately. We then evaluated the palatal mucosa thickness in a Japanese population using CBCT and the conversion formula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated palatal mucosa thickness in 10 healthy subjects at 15 sites using CBCT, digital impression, and K file. Multiple regression analysis was performed to create a conversion formula to measure thickness accurately. We then obtained CBCT data from 174 patients retrospectively, applied the conversion formula, and evaluated palatal mucosa thickness. RESULTS: Sites of measurement affected measurement error. Measurement using CBCT was 0.34 ± 0.04 mm smaller than actual measurement; therefore, a conversion formula was created. Male, age ≥60 years, and probing pocket depth ≥4 mm had significant and positive associations with palatal mucosa thickness; however, no association was observed between bleeding on probing and palatal mucosa thickness. CONCLUSION: CBCT is useful for the noninvasive and accurate measurement of palatal mucosa thickness.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Palato , Humanos , Masculino , Membrana Mucosa , Palato/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Dent Mater J ; 39(2): 256-261, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723091

RESUMO

The artifact volume generated in magnetic resonance (MR) images was quantitatively evaluated to investigate how artifact behavior correlates to the magnetic susceptibility and volume of an implanted metal device. For this, a new low-magnetic-susceptibility Zr-14Nb alloy was compared with two conventional dental alloys, Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy and Co-Cr-Mo alloy, using spherical specimens of each alloy prepared with four different diameters. Then, MR images were recorded under fast spin echo and gradient echo conditions, from which the artifact volume was measured. The artifact volume decreased with the magnetic susceptibility, volume, and mass of the specimens, and significant linear correlations were observed. The artifact volume can be estimated by the equations presented here; nevertheless, further studies are necessary to interpret the influence of some important factors (e.g., imaging conditions, shape, and orientation) to predict the artifact volume more precisely.


Assuntos
Ligas , Artefatos , Ligas Dentárias , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Magnetismo , Titânio
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