Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 895
Filtrar
1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to perceived technical challenges, patients with previous surgical mitral valve repair or replacement (SMVR) have been excluded from most transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) trials. Our objective was to compare the 30-day and 1-year outcomes of TAVR in patients with and without prior SMVR. METHODS: In a retrospective review of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) Transcatheter Valve Therapy (TVT) Registry, we compared 1,097 patients with prior SMVR to 46,327 without prior SMVR who underwent TAVR between November 2011 and September 2015 at 394 U.S. centers. Preoperative characteristics, procedural details, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients with previous SMVR were younger, more often female, and had higher STS Predicted Risk of Mortality (8.6% vs. 6.8%, p<0.001). However, there was no difference in 30-day mortality (4.6% vs. 5.5%, p=0.29), myocardial infarction, stroke, re-intervention, new dialysis, or readmission. Moderate/severe paravalvular leak (PVL) at discharge was also similar (5.8% vs. 4.9%, p=0.34). At 1 year, morbidity was similar but there was a trend toward higher mortality in those with prior SMVR (20.0% vs. 17.5%, p=0.09) that was significant after adjustment (HR 1.18, p=0.04). The type of prior SMVR (repair, bioprosthetic replacement, or mechanical replacement) had no impact on 30-day or 1-year survival. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with prior SMVR undergoing TAVR had similar 30-day outcomes, slightly higher 1-year mortality, and no increase in early PVL compared to those without previous SMVR. Prior SMVR should not preclude TAVR in appropriately selected patients.

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(21): e012594, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640455

RESUMO

Background As transcatheter aortic valve replacement expands to younger and/or lower risk patients, the long-term consequences of permanent pacemaker implantation are a concern. Pacemaker dependency and impact have not been methodically assessed in transcatheter aortic valve replacement trials. We report the incidence and predictors of pacemaker implantation and pacemaker dependency after transcatheter aortic valve replacement with the Lotus valve. Methods and Results A total of 912 patients with high/extreme surgical risk and symptomatic aortic stenosis were randomized 2:1 (Lotus:CoreValve) in REPRISE III (The Repositionable Percutaneous Replacement of Stenotic Aortic Valve through Implantation of Lotus Valve System-Randomized Clinical Evaluation) trial. Systematic assessment of pacemaker dependency was pre-specified in the trial design. Pacemaker implantation within 30 days was more frequent with Lotus than CoreValve. By multivariable analysis, predictors of pacemaker implantation included baseline right bundle branch block and depth of implantation; diabetes mellitus was also a predictor with Lotus. No association between new pacemaker implantation and clinical outcomes was found. Pacemaker dependency was dynamic (30 days: 43%; 1 year: 50%) and not consistent for individual patients over time. Predictors of pacemaker dependency at 30 days included baseline right bundle branch block, female sex, and depth of implantation. No differences in mortality or stroke were found between patients who were pacemaker dependent or not at 30 days. Rehospitalization was higher in patients who were not pacemaker dependent versus patients without a pacemaker or those who were dependent. Conclusions Pacemaker implantation was not associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Most patients with a new pacemaker at 30 days were not dependent at 1 year. Mortality and stroke were similar between patients with or without pacemaker dependency and patients without a pacemaker. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique identifier NCT02202434.

3.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): e008155, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an option when a surgical valve demonstrates deterioration and dysfunction. This study reports 3-year results following valve-in-valve with self-expanding TAVR. METHODS: The CoreValve US Expanded Use Study is a prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm study that evaluates safety and effectiveness of TAVR in extreme risk patients with symptomatic failed surgical biologic aortic valves. Study end points include all-cause mortality, need for valve reintervention, hemodynamic changes over time, and quality of life through 3 years. Patients were stratified by presence of preexisting surgical valve prosthesis-patient mismatch. RESULTS: From March 2013 to May 2015, 226 patients deemed extreme risk (STS-PROM [Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality] 9.0±7%) had attempted valve-in-valve TAVR. Preexisting surgical valve prosthesis-patient mismatch was present in 47.2% of the cohort. At 3 years, all-cause mortality or major stroke was 28.6%, and 93% of patients were in New York Heart Association I or II heart failure. Valve performance was maintained over 3 years with low valve reintervention rates (4.4%), an improvement in effective orifice area over time and a 2.7% rate of severe structural valve deterioration. Preexisting severe prosthesis-patient mismatch was not associated with 3-year mortality but was associated with significantly less improvement in quality of life at 3-year follow-up (P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Self-expanding TAVR in patients with failed surgical bioprostheses at extreme risk for surgery was associated with durable hemodynamics and excellent clinical outcomes. Preexisting surgical valve prosthesis-patient mismatch was not associated with mortality but did limit patient improvement in quality of life over 3-year follow-up. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01675440.

5.
Lancet ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) intravascular ultrasound imaging can detect lipid-rich plaques (LRPs). LRPs are associated with acute coronary syndromes or myocardial infarction, which can result in revascularisation or cardiac death. In this study, we aimed to establish the relationship between LRPs detected by NIRS-intravascular ultrasound imaging at unstented sites and subsequent coronary events from new culprit lesions. METHODS: In this prospective, cohort study (LRP), patients from 44 medical centres were enrolled in Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Slovakia, UK, and the USA. Patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent cardiac catheterisation with possible ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention were eligible to be enrolled. Enrolled patients underwent scanning of non-culprit segments using NIRS-intravascular ultrasound imaging. The study had two hierarchal primary hypotheses, patient and plaque, each testing the association between maximum 4 mm Lipid Core Burden Index (maxLCBI4mm) and non-culprit major adverse cardiovascular events (NC-MACE). Enrolled patients with large LRPs (≥250 maxLCBI4mm) and a randomly selected half of patients with small LRPs (<250 maxLCBI4mm) were followed up for 24 months. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02033694. FINDINGS: Between Feb 21, 2014, and March 30, 2016, 1563 patients were enrolled. NIRS-intravascular ultrasound device-related events were seen in six (0·4%) patients. 1271 patients (mean age 64 years, SD 10, 883 [69%] men, 388 [31%]women) with analysable maxLCBI4mm were allocated to follow-up. The 2-year cumulative incidence of NC-MACE was 9% (n=103). Both hierarchical primary hypotheses were met. On a patient level, the unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) for NC-MACE was 1·21 (95% CI 1·09-1·35; p=0·0004) for each 100-unit increase maxLCBI4mm) and adjusted HR 1·18 (1·05-1·32; p=0·0043). In patients with a maxLCBI4mm more than 400, the unadjusted HR for NC-MACE was 2·18 (1·48-3·22; p<0·0001) and adjusted HR was 1·89 (1·26-2·83; p=0·0021). At the plaque level, the unadjusted HR was 1·45 (1·30-1·60; p<0·0001) for each 100-unit increase in maxLCBI4mm. For segments with a maxLCBI4mm more than 400, the unadjusted HR for NC-MACE was 4·22 (2·39-7·45; p<0·0001) and adjusted HR was 3·39 (1·85-6·20; p<0·0001). INTERPRETATION: NIRS imaging of non-obstructive territories in patients undergoing cardiac catheterisation and possible percutaneous coronary intervention was safe and can aid in identifying patients and segments at higher risk for subsequent NC-MACE. NIRS-intravascular ultrasound imaging adds to the armamentarium as the first diagnostic tool able to detect vulnerable patients and plaques in clinical practice. FUNDING: Infraredx.

6.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains regarding the exact prognostic impact of biomarker elevation following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina pectoris and the subsequent risk of death. We sought, therefore, to evaluate the effect of periprocedural myocardial infarction on the subsequent mortality risk following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina pectoris and normal preprocedural cardiac biomarkers level. METHODS: After a systematic literature search was done in PubMed and EMBASE, we performed a meta-analysis of studies with post-procedural cardiac biomarkers data. All-cause mortality and cardiac death were evaluated in subjects with stable angina pectoris who underwent an elective coronary intervention. RESULTS: Fourteen studies with 24 666 patients were included. The mean age was 64.2 years ± 9.8 with about 3-quarters (74.9%) of these patients being men. The mean duration of follow-up was 18.1 months ± 14.3. Periprocedural myocardial infarction, based on study-specific biomarker criteria, occurred in 14.3% of the patients. Periprocedural myocardial infarction conferred a statistically significant increase in the risk of all-cause mortality (odds ratio, 1.62; 95% confidence interval, 1.30-2.01; P < 0.0001; I = 0%); where reported separately, cardiac death was also significantly increase (odds ratio, 2.77; 95% confidence interval, 1.60-4.80; P = 0.0003; I = 0%). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of periprocedural myocardial infarction after an elective percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina pectoris is associated with a statistically significant increase in subsequent all-cause mortality and cardiac mortality.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662277

RESUMO

Since October 8, 2013, the second-generation drug-eluting resorbable magnesium scaffold (RMS) has been used to treat coronary lesions. At present, the second-generation drug-eluting RMS is clinically available in Europe, some South American countries, and some Asian and African countries. Furthermore, patients are currently being enrolled in ongoing post-marketing trials. This device has the potential to be an alternative to drug-eluting stents in the future, but there is not yet sufficient evidence. This review provides the latest available evidence, comparison with other bioresorbable scaffolds, future perspectives, and discussion of clinical case reports with second-generation drug-eluting RMS. SUMMARY: Favorable outcomes have been reported after second-generation drug-eluting RMS implantation. More long-term clinical outcomes for this novel device are still required in the future.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578638

RESUMO

Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute cardiac event without epicardial coronary obstruction but often with reversible ventricular motion abnormalities. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel approach to evaluate the coronary stenosis significance on the basis of 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) and contrast flow by Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction frame count. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the QFR value in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the left circumflex artery (LCx) in patients with TTS. This retrospective and observational study enrolled 30 patients with TTS who underwent coronary angiography. We evaluated the QFR data using the 3D-QCA analysis and compared the QFR data in the LAD and the LCx. No significant differences were observed in terms of flow velocity, percent diameter stenosis, minimum lumen diameter, and reference diameter between LAD and LCx. However, vessel QFR in the LAD was significantly reduced compared with that in the LCx (0.98 [0.94 to 0.99] vs. 1.00 [0.99 to 1.00], P < 0.001). Ejection fraction at baseline and initial troponin-I levels were not correlated with the vessel QFR both in the LAD and the LCx. The QFR value in the LAD was significantly reduced compared to that in the LCx in patients with TTS.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study sought to test safety and exploratory effectiveness of a dedicated transcaval closure device (TCD). BACKGROUND: Transcaval access enables delivery of large-caliber devices to the aorta in patients ineligible for transfemoral arterial access. Closure of aortocaval fistulae using off-label nitinol cardiac occluders has been shown to be safe, but persistent aortocaval fistulae at exit from the catheterization lab and bleeding complications were common in a prospective study. METHODS: Preclinical testing of the TCD was performed in 24 Yorkshire swine, including 10 under good laboratory practice conditions. Subsequently, subjects undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement for symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, ineligible for transfemoral arterial access, were enrolled in a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved early feasibility study of the TCD (Transmural Systems, Andover, Massachusetts). Independently adjudicated endpoints included technical, device, and procedural success, incorporating in-hospital and 30-day clinical and imaging follow-up. RESULTS: Transcaval access and closure in swine confirmed that at 30 days, TCDs were almost entirely endothelialized. Subsequently, 12 subjects were enrolled in the early feasibility study. Transcaval access, transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and aortocaval fistula closure was successful in all 12 subjects. The primary endpoint of technical success was met in 100% of subjects. Complete closure of the transcaval access tract was achieved in 75% of subjects at exit from the catheterization lab and in 100% of subjects at 30 days. There were zero modified Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 major vascular complications and zero Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 life-threatening or major bleeding complications related to transcaval access or the TCD. CONCLUSIONS: The TCD achieved complete closure of the transcaval access tract in most subjects at exit from the catheterization lab and essentially eliminated transcaval-related bleeding. Dedicated devices for transcaval access and closure could enable more widespread adoption of transcaval techniques without fear of bleeding complications. (Transmural Systems Transcaval Closure Device for Transcaval Access Ports During Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement; NCT03432494).

10.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(9): 1349-1356, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547993

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has evolved dramatically, along with patient complexity. We studied trends in in-hospital mortality with changes in patient complexity over the last decade stratified by clinical presentation. The study population included all patients presenting to the cardiac catheterization lab between January 2009 and July 2018. Expected in-hospital mortality was calculated using the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI risk scoring system. Yearly mean in-hospital mortality rates (%) were plotted and smoothed by weighted least squares regression for each presentation: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), and stable ischemic coronary artery disease (SI CAD). The overall cohort included 13,732 patients who underwent PCI during the study period, of whom 2,142 were for STEMI, 2,836 for NSTE-ACS, and 8,754 for SI CAD. Indications for PCI have changed over time, with more PCIs being performed for NSTE-ACS and STEMI than for SI CAD. NSTE-ACS and STEMI patients had a steady decrease in in-hospital mortality over time compared with SI CAD patients. Overall observed mortality continues to decrease in NSTE-ACS patients, with reduction in the observed mortality rate within the STEMI population to below expected since 2013. Patient complexity has not changed significantly. These results may be attributed to improved patient selection coupled with optimal pharmacotherapy with more robust therapies during procedure and hospitalization.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is diagnosed in 1% to 2% of patients presenting with suspected acute coronary syndromes. Readmission patterns after TC have been less studied. Thus, we sought to perform a study to evaluate the etiologies, trends, and predictors of 90-day readmission in TC. METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD), 2014, was used to select the study cohort. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnostic code 429.83 was used to identify TC. Admissions within 90 days of index admission were considered early readmissions. Readmission etiologies were identified by an ICD-9-CM code. Hierarchical multivariate models were used to evaluate predictors of early readmission. RESULTS: A total of 28,079 patients were identified during the study period, of whom 24.3% (n = 6841) were readmitted within 90 days of discharge. In-hospital mortality during index admissions was 5.69%. The most common etiologies for readmission were cardiac (18.56%), respiratory (17.20%), and infections (13.12%). Among cardiac complications, acute heart failure was the most common etiology (7.48%). The highest number of readmissions happened on the first day after discharge (n = 125). On multivariate analysis, the age of 50-64 years, diabetes, heart failure, chronic pulmonary disease, peripheral vascular disease, anemia, and malignancy were shown to be significant predictors of readmission. Patients of female gender are less likely to be readmitted and have lower in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with TC are highly likely to be readmitted within the first month after discharge, most likely with secondary to cardiac or respiratory complications. These findings warrant close post-discharge transition to reduce morbidity and improve healthcare outcomes. SUMMARY: This analysis from the Nationwide Readmission Database outlines a detailed analysis on etiologies, trends, and predictors of 90-day readmission for patients presenting with takotsubo cardiomyopathy.

14.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(8): 627, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420070
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367899

RESUMO

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage and repair signaling cascades are related to the development of atherosclerosis. Pathological studies have demonstrated that healed coronary plaque rupture (HCPR) contributes to plaque progression and predisposes to sudden ischemic cardiac death. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between HCPR detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and DNA ligase. Forty-two patients with both OCT and DNA ligase were prospectively enrolled. The population included patients with stable angina pectoris (SA) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). It was found that the prevalence of HCPR was greater in subjects with higher DNA ligase activity (correlation coefficient 0.36, p = 0.019). The presence of HCPR in patients with NSTEMI was greater than in patients with SA per OCT analysis; however, there was no statistical difference in this limited population (22.53% versus 12.83%, respectively, p = 0.116). DNA repair activity by DNA ligase was associated with HCPR in advanced coronary artery plaque by OCT.

17.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(7): e007258, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open surgical closure and small-bore suture-based preclosure devices have limitations when used for transcatheter aortic valve replacement, percutaneous endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, or percutaneous thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. The MANTA vascular closure device is a novel collagen-based technology designed to close large bore arteriotomies created by devices with an outer diameter ranging from 12F to 25F. In this study, we determined the safety and effectiveness of the MANTA vascular closure device. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective, single arm, multicenter investigation in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement, percutaneous endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, or thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair at 20 sites in North America. The primary outcome was time to hemostasis. The primary safety outcomes were accessed site-related vascular injury or bleeding complications. A total of 341 patients, 78 roll-in, and 263 in the primary analysis cohort, were entered in the study between November 2016 and September 2017. For the primary analysis cohort, transcatheter aortic valve replacement was performed in 210 (79.8%), and percutaneous endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair or thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair was performed in 53 (20.2%). The 14F MANTA was used in 42 cases (16%), and the 18F was used in 221 cases(84%). The mean effective sheath outer diameter was 22F (7.3 mm). The mean time to hemostasis was 65±157 seconds with a median time to hemostasis of 24 seconds. Technical success was achieved in 257 (97.7%) patients, and a single device was deployed in 262 (99.6%) of cases. Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 major vascular complications occurred in 11 (4.2%) cases: 4 received a covered stent (1.5%), 3 had access site bleeding (1.1%), 2 underwent surgical repair (0.8%), and 2 underwent balloon inflation (0.8%). CONCLUSIONS: In a selected population, this study demonstrated that the MANTA percutaneous vascular closure device can safely and effectively close large bore arteriotomies created by current generation transcatheter aortic valve replacement, percutaneous endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, and thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair devices. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02908880.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352559

RESUMO

Percentage diameter stenosis (%DS) by angiography is still commonly used to determine luminal obstruction of coronary artery disease (CAD) lesions. While visual estimation of %DS is widespread, because of high inter-operator variability, quantitative coronary arteriography (QCA) analysis is the gold standard. There are two %DS formulas: %DS1 averages the proximal and distal reference vessel diameter (RVD); %DS2 interpolates the RVD. This study aims to evaluate the difference between %DS assessed by QCA in two datasets, phantom lesion models and CAD patients. Ten phantom lesion models (PLMs) and 354 CAD lesions from the FIRST trial were assessed by QCA. In the latter, two scenarios were assessed: Scenario A (worst view), the most common approach in the clinical setting; and Scenario B (average of two complementary views), the standard core-laboratory analysis. In the PLMs, %DS1 and %DS2 mean ± standard deviation (median) was 58.5 ± 21.7 (61.6) and 58.7 ± 21.6 (61.8), respectively, with a signed difference of - 0.2% ± 0.3% (- 0.1%). In Scenario A, the mean %DS1 was 43.8 ± 9.1 (43.3) and 44.0 ± 9.1 (42 .9) in %DS2. In Scenario B, the mean %DS1 was 45.3 ± 8.8 (45.1) and 45.5 ± 9.0 (45.1) in %DS2. The signed difference was - 0.2% ± 2.4% (0.0%) and - 0.2% ± 2.1% (0.0%) in Scenario A and B, respectively. These differences between formulas ranged from - 1.2 to 0.5% for the phantom cases compared to - 17.7% to 7.7% in Scenario A and to - 15.5% to 7.1% in Scenario B. Although the overall means of the formulas provide similar results, significant lesion-level differences are observed. The use of the worst view versus the average of two views provided similar results.

19.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(8): e007023, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345066

RESUMO

Despite on-going evolution and iteration of drug-eluting stent (DES) technology, the prevalence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains relatively unchanged, encompassing ≈10% of percutaneous coronary interventions. The mechanism of ISR is multifactorial, including biological, mechanical, patient, and operator-related factors. The main mechanical contributors are stent underexpansion or fracture, while biological factors include local inflammation leading to aggressive neointimal proliferation and late neoatherosclerosis. Intracoronary imaging is critical to identify the mechanism of ISR and tailor therapy accordingly. The presentation of DES-ISR is not benign and is challenging for optimal treatment. Among the proposed treatment modalities are scoring and high-pressure balloons, percutaneous coronary intervention with additional DES, atheroablative therapies by laser or mechanical atherectomy, drug-coated balloons, vascular brachytherapy, and surgical revascularization. We propose a new classification for ISR that differentiates among mechanical, biological, and mixed etiologies. Stratifying ISR by mechanism guides individualized treatment of DES-ISR to improve clinical outcomes. An algorithmic approach, guided by intracoronary imaging, for the treatment of DES-ISR, is recommended based on the specific cause of restenosis.

20.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(7): 1020-1026, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353004

RESUMO

Patients with diabetes mellitus are prone to increased adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention, even with contemporary drug-eluting stents. Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated comparable clinical outcomes between an ultrathin bioresorbable-polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES) and a thin-strut durable-polymer everolimus-eluting stent (DP-EES) that has specific labeling for patients with diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the BP-SES in patients with diabetes mellitus. To determine the performance of the BP-SES in diabetic patients, patient-level data from the BIOFLOW II, IV, and V randomized controlled trials were pooled. The primary end point was target lesion failure (TLF), defined as the composite of cardiovascular death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization, and definite or probable stent thrombosis, at 1 year. Among 1,553 BP-SES and 791 DP-EES patients, 757 diabetic patients were identified. Of the diabetic patients included in this analysis (494 BP-SES vs 263 DP-EES), the proportion of insulin- and noninsulin-treated patients was similar between groups. The 1-year TLF rate in the diabetic population was 6.3% in the BP-SES group and 8.7% in the DP-EES group (hazard ratio 0.82, 95% confidence interval 0.047 to 1.43, p = 0.493). There were no significant differences, based on stent type or diabetes treatment regimen, in TLF hazards. In a patient-level pooled analysis of the diabetic population from randomized trials, 1-year clinical safety and efficacy outcomes were similar in patients treated with ultrathin BP-SES and thin-strut DP-EES.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA