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1.
Inorg Chem ; 58(16): 11256-11268, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385695

RESUMO

The magnetism of the mixed-valence high-spin cluster [Mn18SrO8(N3)7Cl(MedhmpH)12(MeCN)6]Cl2 (1) exhibiting intramolecular ferromagnetic interactions was studied using inelastic neutron scattering (INS), and reliable values for the exchange coupling constants were determined based on the quality of simultaneous fits to the INS and magnetic data. The challenge of the huge size of the Hilbert space (3 375 000) and many exchange coupling constants (7 assuming a C3 symmetry) generally encountered in large spin clusters was resolved as follows: (a) The results of the restricted Hilbert space ferromagnetic cluster spin wave theory were compared to the experimental spectroscopic data. The observed INS transitions were thus assigned to spin wave excitations in a bounded ferromagnetic spin cluster and moreover could be visualized in a straightforward way based on this theory. (b) Simultaneously, Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) calculations of the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility with the same parameter set were compared to the experimental data. Application of state-of-the-art QMC algorithms, as available in the open source ALPS package, in ferromagnetic clusters avoids the full Hamiltonian diagonalization without sacrificing calculation accuracy of the magnetic susceptibility down to the lowest temperatures, which was crucial for the successful analysis. The combined fits revealed two exchange-coupling models with equally good overall agreement to the data. Our preferred model was inspired by magnetostructural correlations and is consistent with them. The model involves three different exchange interactions, one describing the interaction between the core MnIII spins Ja = 14.3(1.0) K and two interactions linking the core and the peripheral MnII spins: Jb = 8.3(4) K and J6 = 3.6(4) K. The use of open-source QMC software and our systematic approach to fitting multiple sets of data obtained by different experimental techniques are described in detail and are generally applicable for understanding large ferromagnetically coupled clusters.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 57(10): 6076-6083, 2018 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29741382

RESUMO

A pentanuclear CuII5-hydroxo cluster possessing an unusual linear-shaped configuration was formed and crystallized under hydrothermal conditions as a result of the unique cooperation of bridging 1,2,4-triazole ligand ( trans-1,4-cyclohexanediyl-4,4'-bi(1,2,4-triazole) ( tr2 cy)), MoVI-oxide, and CuSO4. This structural motif can be rationalized by assuming in situ generation of {Cu2Mo6O22}4- anions, which represent heteroleptic derivatives of γ-type [Mo8O26]4- further interlinked by [Cu3(OH)2]4+ cations through [ N- N] bridges. The framework structure of the resulting compound [Cu5(OH)2( tr2 cy)2Mo6O22]·6H2O (1) is thus built up from neutral heterometallic {Cu5(OH)2Mo6O22} n layers pillared with tetradentate tr2 cy. Quantum-chemical calculations demonstrate that the exclusive site of the parent γ-[Mo8O26]4- cluster into which CuII inserts corresponds with the site that has the lowest defect ("MoO2 vacancy") formation energy, demonstrating how the local metal-polyoxomolybdate chemistry can express itself in the final crystal structure. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of 1 show strong antiferromagnetic coupling within the Cu5 chain with exchange parameters J1 = -500(40) K (-348(28) cm-1), J2 = -350(10) K (-243(7) cm-1) and g = 2.32(2), χ2 = 6.5 × 10-4. Periodic quantum-chemical calculations reproduce the antiferromagnetic character of 1 and connect it with an effective ligand-mediated spin coupling mechanism that comes about from the favorable structural arrangement between the Cu centers and the OH-, O2-, and tr2 cy bridging ligands.

3.
Chemistry ; 21(30): 10835-42, 2015 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26073059

RESUMO

A disk-shaped [Fe(III) 7 (Cl)(MeOH)6 (µ3 -O)3 (µ-OMe)6 (PhCO2 )6 ]Cl2 complex with C3 symmetry has been synthesised and characterised. The central tetrahedral Fe(III) is 0.733 Šabove the almost co-planar Fe(III) 6 wheel, to which it is connected through three µ3 -oxide bridges. For this iron-oxo core, the magnetic susceptibility analysis proposed a Heisenberg-Dirac-van Vleck (HDvV) mechanism that leads to an intermediate spin ground state of S=7/2 or 9/2. Within either of these ground state manifolds it is reasonable to expect spin frustration effects. The (57) Fe Mössbauer (MS) analysis verifies that the central Fe(III) ion easily aligns its magnetic moment antiparallel to the externally applied field direction, whereas the other six peripheral Fe(III) ions keep their moments almost perpendicular to the field at stronger fields. This unusual canted spin structure reflects spin frustration. The small linewidths in the magnetic Mössbauer spectra of polycrystalline samples clearly suggest an isotropic exchange mechanism for realisation of this peculiar spin topology.

4.
Chemistry ; 19(11): 3693-701, 2013 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23386431

RESUMO

We have investigated the single-molecule magnets [Mn(III)2 (5-Brsalen)2 (MeOH)2 M(III) (CN)6 ]NEt4 (M=Os (1) and Ru (2); 5-Brsalen=N,N'-ethylenebis(5-bromosalicylidene)iminate) by frequency-domain Fourier-transform terahertz electron paramagnetic resonance (THz-EPR), inelastic neutron scattering, and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry. The combination of all three techniques allows for the unambiguous experimental determination of the three-axis anisotropic magnetic exchange coupling between Mn(III) and Ru(III) or Os(III) ions, respectively. Analysis by means of a spin-Hamiltonian parameterization yields excellent agreement with all experimental data. Furthermore, analytical calculations show that the observed exchange anisotropy is due to the bent geometry encountered in both 1 and 2, whereas a linear geometry would lead to an Ising-type exchange coupling.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 40(40): 10526-34, 2011 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21853186

RESUMO

The reaction between pyridine-2-ylmethanol (HL), anhydrous CoCl(2) and NaH afforded polynuclear Co(II) complexes [Co(7)(L)(12)]Cl(2) (1), [Co(6)Na(L)(12)]Cl (2) and [Co(4)Cl(2)(L)(6)] (3), depending on the HL:CoCl(2) ratio set in the reaction. The core structures of the centrosymmetric complexes 1 and 2 are of the M@Co(6) type (M = Co or Na, respectively) with a coplanar arrangement of the metals whereas that of centrosymmetric 3 is of an incomplete dicubane type. The experimental conditions allowing interconversions between these polynuclear complexes have been determined, which provides a more rational control of their synthesis. Thus, 1 transforms to 3 when reacted with CoCl(2) in a 1 : 1 ratio, whereas the same reaction performed with a large excess of CoCl(2) gave the tetranuclear pseudo-cubane complex [Co(4)(L)(4)Cl(2)(MeOH)(4)] upon recrystallization. Conversely, 1 was isolated from the reaction of 3 with HL and NaH. The crystal structure of these compounds is reported, along with the magnetic behaviour of 1 and 3. The analysis of the magnetism using the effective spin-1/2 Hamiltonian approach revealed single-molecule metamagnetic behavior in 3.

7.
Chemistry ; 17(33): 9094-106, 2011 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21732439

RESUMO

The synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic characterisation by magnetisation and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) of a mixed-valent Mn(10) supertetrahedral aggregate [Mn(III)(6)Mn(II)(4)(µ(4)-O)(4)(µ(3)-N(3))(3)(µ(3)-Br)(Hmpt)(6)(Br)]Br(0.7)(N(3))(0.3)·2MeOH·3MeCN (1) (H(3)mpt=3-methylpentan-1,3,5-triol) is reported. The magnetic core of the molecule can be described as an octahedron of six S=2 Mn(III) ions with four faces, each capped by a S=5/2 Mn(II) ion such as to form the supertetrahedron. Unlike most related complexes, the molecular symmetry is slightly reduced from approximately T(d) to C(3). The magnetic data reveal a total spin of S=22 in the ground state due to ferromagnetic exchange couplings within the molecule. The combined INS and magnetic data permits the accurate determination of the exchange coupling constants. Two types are found. The couplings between the Mn(III) ions in the inner octahedron are characterised by J(a)=18.4(3) K, whereas the couplings between the apical Mn(II) ions to the neighbouring Mn(III) ions are given by J(b)=7.3(2) K. The significantly larger coupling strength J(a) as compared to J(b), and the near-T(d) symmetry have profound consequences on the energy spectrum, which are discussed and carefully analysed. In particular, the observed INS spectra can consistently be reproduced by a simplified model in which the inner octahedron is replaced by one large spin of length S(0)=12. This model provides intuitive insight into the structure of the magnetic spectrum. Additionally, the magnetic excitations at low temperature are analysed within the frame of ferromagnetic linear spin-wave theory, which permits an analytical calculation of the energy levels. For ferromagnetic clusters, a close analogy to the Hückel method of electronic structure calculation can be drawn, which allows one to grasp the results of the spin-wave theory or the magnetic excitation spectrum, respectively, in a chemical language.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(24): 6918-20, 2011 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21603702

RESUMO

We report the synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of the first molecular cluster and single-molecule magnet to incorporate [Ru(III)(CN)(6)](3-). Frequency-domain Fourier-transform THz-EPR (FDFT THz-EPR) and magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate strongly anisotropic Mn-Ru exchange interactions.

9.
Chemistry ; 17(27): 7492-8, 2011 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21618631

RESUMO

We have investigated the novel single-molecule magnet (NEt(4))[Mn(2)(5-Brsalen)(2)(MeOH)(2)Cr(CN)(6)] (1; 5-Brsalen = N,N'-ethylenebis(5-bromosalicylidene)iminato anion) using spectroscopic as well as magnetization and susceptibility measurements. Frequency-domain Fourier-transform terahertz electron paramagnetic resonance (FDFT THz-EPR) based on the generation of THz radiation from a synchrotron in combination with inelastic neutron scattering (INS) allows for the discrimination between intermultiplet and intramultiplet transitions. Together with ac/dc magnetic susceptibility measurements the obtained set of data provides a complete characterization of the lowest energetic magnetic excitations. We find that the new compound 1 exhibits much weaker intermolecular interactions than found in the closely related compound: K[Mn(2)(5-Brsalen)(2)(H(2)O)(2)Cr(CN)(6)] (2). Furthermore, two phonon lines in the vicinity of the magnetic excitations are detected.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 49(19): 8729-35, 2010 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20831210

RESUMO

High-frequency (f = 190 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) at magnetic fields up to 12 T and Q-band (f = 34.1 GHz) EPR were performed on single crystals of the molecular wheel CsFe(8). In this molecule, eight Fe(III) ions, which are coupled by nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic (AF) Heisenberg exchange interactions, form a nearly perfect ring. The angle-dependent EPR data allow for the accurate determination of the spin Hamiltonian parameters of the lowest spin multiplets with S ≤ 4. Furthermore, the data can be well reproduced by a dimer model with a uniaxial anisotropy term, with only two free parameters J and D. A fit to the dimer model yields J = -15(2) cm(-1) and D = -0.3940(8) cm(-1). A rhombic anisotropy term is found to be negligibly small, E = 0.000(2) cm(-1). The results are in excellent agreement with previous inelastic neutron scattering and high-field torque measurements. They confirm that the CsFe(8) molecule is an excellent experimental model of an AF Heisenberg ring. These findings are also important within the scope of further investigations on this molecule such as the exploration of recently observed magnetoelastic instabilities.

12.
Chemistry ; 15(30): 7413-22, 2009 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19551775

RESUMO

Three new mu4-bridged Co(II)5 clusters with similar core motifs have been synthesised with the use of N-tert-butyldiethanolamine (tbdeaH2) and pivalic acid (piv): [Co(II)5(mu4-N3)(tbdea)2(mu-piv)4(piv)(CH3CN)2].CH3CN (1), [Co(II)5(mu4-Cl)(Cl)(tbdea)2(mu-piv)4(pivH)2] (2) and [Co(II)5(mu4-N3)(Cl)(tbdea)2(mu-piv)4(pivH)2] (3). Magnetic measurements were performed for all three compounds. It was found that while the chloride-bridged cluster 2 does not show an out-of-phase signal, which excludes single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviour, the azide-bridged compounds 1 and 3 show out-of-phase signals as well as frequency dependence of the ac susceptibility, as expected for SMMs. We confirmed that 1 is a SMM with zero-field quantum tunnelling of the magnetisation at 1.8 K. Compound 3 is likely a SMM with a blocking temperature well below 1.8 K. We established a physical model to fit the chiT versus T and M versus B curves of the three compounds to reproduce the observed SMM trend. The analysis showed that small changes in the ligand shell modify not only the magnitude of exchange constants, but also affect the J and g matrices in a non-trivial way.

13.
Chemistry ; 14(17): 5144-58, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18470853

RESUMO

We report the synthesis and structural characterisation of a family of finite molecular chains, specifically [{[R(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(6)F(11)(O(2)CCMe(3))(10)]}(2)] (in which R=nPr 1, Et 2, nBu 3), [{Et(2)NH}(2){[Et(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(7)F(12)(O(2)CCMe(3))(12)][HO(2)CCMe(3)](2)}(2)] (4), [{[Me(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(6)F(11)(O(2)CCMe(3))(10)]2.5 H(2)O}(4)] (5) and [{[iPr(2)NH(2)](3)[Cr(7)F(12)(O(2)CCMe(3))(12)]}(2)] (6). The structures all contain horseshoes of chromium centres, with each Cr...Cr contact within the horseshoe bridged by a fluoride and two pivalates. The horseshoes are linked through hydrogen bonds to the secondary ammonium cations in the structure, leading to di- and tetra-horseshoe structures. Through magnetic measurements and inelastic neutron scattering studies we have determined the exchange coupling constants in 1 and 6. In 1 it is possible to distinguish two exchange interactions, J(A)=-1.1 meV and J(B)=-1.4 meV; J(A) is the exchange interactions at the tips of the horseshoe and J(B) is the exchange within the body of the horseshoe (1 meV=8.066 cm(-1)). For 6 only one interaction was needed to model the data: J=-1.18 meV. The single-ion anisotropy parameters for Cr(III) were also derived for the two compounds as: for 1, D(Cr)=-0.028 meV and |E(Cr)|=0.005 meV; for 6, D(Cr)=-0.031 meV. Magnetic-field-dependent inelastic neutron scattering experiments on 1 allowed the Zeeman splitting of the first two excited states and level crossings to be observed. For the tetramer of horseshoes (5), quantum Monte Carlo calculations were used to fit the magnetic susceptibility behaviour, giving two exchange interactions within the horseshoe (-1.32 and -1.65 meV) and a weak inter-horseshoe coupling of +0.12 meV. Multi-frequency variable-temperature EPR studies on 1, 2 and 6 have also been performed, allowing further characterisation of the spin Hamiltonian parameters of these chains.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 47(9): 3486-8, 2008 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18393411

RESUMO

35 GHz electron paramagnetic resonance experiments on a powder sample of the magnetic molecule Mn 19 with a high-spin ground state S = 83/2 are presented. At low temperatures, the data are well described by the simulated spectra for an isolated spin with a zero-field-splitting parameter D = 0.004 cm (-1), which is, in particular, positive. Hence, Mn 19 is not a single-molecule magnet; the previously observed magnetic hysteresis at ultralow temperatures is likely due to intermolecular dipolar interactions.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 46(24): 10035-7, 2007 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17979271

RESUMO

A criterion for the height of the anisotropy barrier Delta=|D|S2 in single-molecule magnets, and therefore the blocking temperature TB proportional to Delta, is presented. In particular, it is found that the anisotropy barrier does not increase with S as S2 but as S0. Consequences concerning the strategies to enhance Delta or TB, respectively, are discussed.

16.
Chemistry ; 13(30): 8445-53, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17729217

RESUMO

The reaction of N-(2-hydroxy-5-nitrobenzyl)iminodiethanol (=H3(5-NO2-hbide)) with Mn(OAc)2* 4 H2O in methanol, followed by recrystallization from 1,2-dichloroethane, yielded a wheel-shaped single-molecule magnet (SMM) of [MnII 3MnIII 4(5-NO2-hbide)6].5 C2H4Cl2 (1). In 1, seven manganese ions are linked by six tri-anionic ligands and form the wheel in which the two manganese ions on the rim and the one in the center are MnII and the other four manganese ions are MnIII ions. Powder magnetic susceptibility measurements showed a gradual increase with chimT values as the temperature was lowered, reaching a maximum value of 53.9 emu mol(-1) K. Analyses of magnetic susceptibility data suggested a spin ground state of S=19/2. The zero-field splitting parameters of D and B 0 4 were estimated to be -0.283(1) K and -1.64(1)x10(-5) K, respectively, by high-field EPR measurements (HF-EPR). The anisotropic parameters agreed with those estimated from magnetization and inelastic neutron scattering experiments. AC magnetic susceptibility measurements showed frequency-dependent in- and out-of-phase signals, characteristic data for an SMM, and an Arrhenius plot of the relaxation time gave a re-orientation energy barrier (DeltaE) of 18.1 K and a pre-exponential factor of 1.63x10(-7) s. Magnetization experiments on aligned single crystals below 0.7 K showed a stepped hysteresis loop, confirming the occurrence of quantum tunneling of the on magnetization (QTM). QTM was, on the other hand, suppressed by rapid sweeps of the magnetic field even at 0.5 K. The sweep-rate dependence of the spin flips can be understood by considering the Landau-Zener-Stückelberg (LZS) model.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 46(3): 756-66, 2007 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17257017

RESUMO

Three isostructural disklike heptanuclear FeIII compounds of the general formula [FeIII7(mu3-O)3(L)3(mu-O2CCMe3)6(eta1-O2CCMe3)3(H2O)3], where L represents a di- or triethanolamine moiety, display a three-blade propeller topology, with the central Fe atom representing the axle or axis of the propeller. This motif corresponds to the theoretical model of a frustrated Heisenberg star, which is one of the very few solvable models in the area of frustrated quantum-spin systems and can, furthermore, be converted to an octanuclear cage for the case where L is triethanolamine to give [FeIII8(mu4O)3(mu4-tea)(teaH)3(O2CCMe3)6(N3)3].1/2MeCN.1/2H2O or [FeIII8(mu4O)3(mu4-tea)(teaH)3(O2CCMe3)6(SCN)3].2MeCN when treated with excess NaN3 or NH4SCN, respectively. The core structure is formally derived from that of the heptanuclear compounds by the replacement of the three aqua ligands by an {Fe(tea)} moiety, so that the 3-fold axis of the propeller is now defined by two central FeIII atoms. Magnetic studies on two of the heptanulcear compounds established unequivocally S = 5/2 spin ground state for these complexes, consistent with overall antiferromagnetic interactions between the constituent FeIII ions.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos/química , Magnetismo , Compostos Férricos/síntese química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/síntese química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Estrutura Molecular , Teoria Quântica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
Inorg Chem ; 45(22): 8950-7, 2006 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17054354

RESUMO

Reactions between Co(OAc)2 and 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol (ampdH2) afford a hexanuclear complex [Co6(H2O)(MeOH)(OAc)6(ampd)4] (1) and a one-dimensional coordination polymer comprised of discrete heptanuclear complexes covalently bound to mononuclear Co centers [Co8(H2O)2(OAc)7(ampd)6]n (2). While 1 is obtained under ambient reaction conditions, the formation of 2 requires solvothermal methods. Both products have been characterized crystallographically and found to be mixed-valent, containing divalent and trivalent Co centers. Down to 30 K, the variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility data of 1 and 2 are dominated by the single-ion properties of high-spin Co(II) centers with distorted-octahedral coordination geometries. Below this temperature, the effect of intramolecular ferromagnetic exchange interactions becomes apparent. The ferromagnetic coupling in 1 has been analyzed in terms of an anisotropic exchange model, and inelastic neutron scattering data are consistent with the proposed model. Although the structure of 2 precludes a quantitative interpretation, the magnetic data suggest ferromagnetic exchange within the heptanuclear unit and negligible interactions along the chain between the hepta- and mononuclear fragments.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 45(16): 6535-40, 2006 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16878968

RESUMO

The magnetic anisotropy of the supramolecular [2 x 2] grid [Co(II)4L4]8+, with a bis(bipyridyl)-pyrimidine-based ligand L, was investigated by single-crystal magnetization measurements at low temperatures. The magnetization curves exhibit metamagnetic-like behavior and are explained by the weak-exchange limit of a minimal spin Hamiltonian including Heisenberg exchange, easy-axis ligand fields, and the Zeeman term. It is also shown that the magnetic coupling strength can be varied by the substituent R1 in the two-position on the central pyrimidine group of the ligand L.

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