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2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 209, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) frequently presents during working age and therefore impacts work participation. Biologic therapies have demonstrated a positive impact on work-related outcomes in clinical trials but real world data are limited. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence and predictors of work impairment and disability among axSpA patients attending a biologic therapy clinic. METHODS: This was a single-centre, cross-sectional study of patients with axSpA treated with biologic therapy. Work participation was assessed with the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) Questionnaire. Work outcomes (presenteeism, absenteeism, health-related job loss) were compared for gender, time since diagnosis, smoking status and disease outcome measures. RESULTS: Data were available for 165 patients (mean age 47.6 years, 75% male, 21% current smokers). Mean time since diagnosis was 15.5 years and mean duration of biologic therapy 4.7 years; 19/165 (11.5%) were on a tapered-dose regimen. Occupational data were available for 144 patients amongst whom 101 (70.1%) were either currently employed or in full time education. Of those eligible to work, 17/118 (14.4%) reported inability to work due to their axSpA. Amongst those in employment, 10.8% reported absenteeism due to axSpA in the week prior to their clinic visit (mean hours missed = 13). The mean work productivity impairment was 23%. Higher disease activity (BASDAI) and markers of global health, quality of life and pain, (BAS-G, ASQoL and spinal pain VAS) were associated with axSpA related job loss, absenteeism and presenteeism. CONCLUSIONS: In this group of axSpA patients on biologic therapy (mean age 47.6 years), almost 1 in 6 (14.4%) reported axSpA related job loss. Poor work outcomes: axSpA-related work disability, absenteeism and presenteeism were associated with poorer scores for patient-reported disease outcome measures. Strategies for enhancing work productivity should be directed towards those patients at risk of poor work outcomes. More data are needed including details of the types of work that are most difficult with axSpA.

3.
J Rheumatol ; 47(4): 524-530, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043543

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical impression and confidence of extended role practitioners (ERP) with those of rheumatologists experienced in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) according to (1) evaluation of patients with chronic back pain assessed for axSpA; and (2) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) recommendation for further investigation of these patients. METHODS: Patients with ≥ 3 months of back pain and age of onset < 45 years were referred for axSpA evaluation. An ERP assessed consecutive patients and recorded standardized clinical information in written form. Three rheumatologists subsequently evaluated each patient based on the recorded information. Patients were classified as having axSpA or mechanical back pain based on clinical and investigative findings. Level of confidence was noted for classification and MRI indication. Agreement between assessors was evaluated using percentage agreement and κ coefficient. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were assessed. Interobserver agreement of clinical impression for all raters was moderate (κ = 0.52). Agreement of clinical impression between ERP and rheumatologists ranged between 71.2% (κ = 0.41) and 79.7% (κ = 0.57). Agreement of clinical impression among rheumatologists ranged from 74.1% (κ = 0.49) to 79.7% (κ = 0.58). All rater agreement for MRI indication was fair (κ = 0.37). ERP agreement with rheumatologist for MRI recommendation ranged from 64.2% (κ = 0.32) to 75% (κ = 0.48). Agreement for MRI indication among rheumatologists ranged from 62.9% (κ = 0.27) to 74% (κ = 0.47). Confidence in clinical impression was similar among all practitioners. CONCLUSION: ERP with specialty training in inflammatory arthritis demonstrate clinical impressions comparable with those of rheumatologists in the assessment of axSpA. Incorporation of such roles into existing models of care may assist in early detection of axSpA.

5.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 68(6): 845-52, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26474041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we compared the effect of celecoxib and acetaminophen on pain and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scores in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: A total of 50 patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain were blindly randomized into 2 groups treated with celecoxib (200 mg twice daily) or acetaminophen (500 mg twice daily). Outcome measures included total back pain, nocturnal back pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, the Short Form 36 health survey to assess physical and mental status, and patient global assessment. Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index, and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index scores were also assessed before and after the therapy. The Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada scoring method was used to evaluate spinal MRI changes. RESULTS: Celecoxib showed a superior effect on total back pain, ODI, BASDAI, nocturnal back pain, and patient global assessment, compared to acetaminophen (P < 0.05). The number of patients with a significant change in back pain scales was higher in the celecoxib arm (ODI 34.8% versus 4.5%, nocturnal back pain 41.7% versus 9.1%, total back pain 33.3% versus 9.1%, and BASDAI 30.4% versus 9.1%; P < 0.01 for all). The responsiveness to celecoxib, calculated by Guyatt's Responsiveness Index, was 1.62, 1.28, 1.27, and 0.58 for the ODI, total back pain, BASDAI, and nocturnal back pain, respectively. The MRI scores for sacroiliac joints and spine showed no significant change with either treatment when compared with baseline values (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: There was superior efficacy of celecoxib compared with acetaminophen in chronic nonspecific low back pain. Inflammatory lesions of sacroiliac joints and spine are commonly seen in nonspecific low back pain, but these lesions did not change with either celecoxib or acetaminophen treatments and were not associated with clinical response to either agent.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico , Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 54(1): 152-6, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25125593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Long-term data on infection risk in axial SpA (axSpA) are sparse. TNF inhibitors (TNFis) are increasingly being used in axSpA, with infection being the most important adverse event. We aimed to investigate the frequency of infections in axSpA and to identify factors predisposing to infection. METHODS: Data were extracted from a longitudinal observational cohort of patients with axSpA. Infection rates were calculated and multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the association of independent variables with infection. RESULTS: Data were analysed for 440 patients followed for a total of 1712 patient-years (pys). A total of 259 infections, of which 23 were serious, were recorded in 185 patients. The overall rate of any infection was 15 (95% CI 13, 17)/100 pys and the serious infection rate was 1.3 (95% CI 0.9, 2.0)/100 pys. There was no significant difference in the rate of any infection or serious infection in patients on TNFis compared with patients never on biologic agents. In the multivariate analysis, DMARD treatment, but not TNFi treatment, was associated with risk of infection. Age, disease duration, smoking status, BASFI, BASDAI, co-morbidity score and hospitalization were not associated with an increased risk of infection. CONCLUSION: The serious infection rate in axSpA in this observational cohort is low when compared with rates reported in other rheumatic diseases. Biologic use was not a significant risk factor for serious infection.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Vértebra Cervical Áxis , Infecções/epidemiologia , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fatores de Risco
7.
Rheum Dis Clin North Am ; 40(4): 685-97, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25437285

RESUMO

In recent years the early identification of axial spondyloarthritis has become a high priority area of research. Evidence that therapy may slow radiographic progression of disease has heightened the importance of recognition of early disease. However, the concept of early axial spondyloarthritis and natural history of early disease are not fully understood. Future strategies to detect early and preclinical disease may incorporate clinical information, radiographic, serologic, and genetic testing. The risks and benefits of screening and early identification of disease need careful consideration.


Assuntos
Dor nas Costas/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Dor nas Costas/etiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Antígeno HLA-B27/genética , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Psoríase/complicações , Espondiloartropatias/complicações , Espondiloartropatias/diagnóstico , Espondiloartropatias/genética , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/genética , Uveíte/complicações
8.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 26(4): 404-9, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24827752

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of inflammatory arthritis has been revolutionized by the use of biologic therapy. However, an important safety issue has been identified with regard to the risk of serious and opportunistic infections with biologic therapy. This review aims to summarize the most recent data available in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: The risk of infection in inflammatory arthritis is partly determined by the nature of the underlying disease, comorbidities and other immunosuppressive treatments, in particular glucocorticoids. Data are conflicting with regard to the absolute risk of infection with biologic agents, as a result of differing study methodologies, classification of outcomes and patient populations. There appear to be some differences in risk of infection between biologic agents, which relate to their varying modes of action. SUMMARY: Long-term observational data about the risk of infection and biologic therapy continue to emerge, although there are inherent limitations with this type of data. The process of determining the risk of infection for an individual patient should incorporate a range of factors, which may contribute to the infection risk.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Infecções/etiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 15(5): R166, 2013 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24286190

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) share genetic and clinical features. IBD is associated with the presence of antibodies to a variety of commensal microorganisms including anti-Saccharomyces cerevesiae antibodies (ASCA), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), anti-I2 (associated with anti-Pseudomonas activity), anti-Eschericia coli outer membrane porin C (anti-OmpC) and anti-flagellin antibodies (anti-CBir1). Subclinical intestinal inflammation may be present in up to 65% of patients with AS. This study evaluated the presence of antimicrobial antibodies in patients with AS alone, patients with AS and concomitant IBD (AS-IBD) and a control group of patients with mechanical back pain (MBP). METHODS: Sera were tested by ELISA for ASCA IgG and IgA, anti-OmpC, anti-CBir1 and ANCA in 76 patients with AS alone, 77 patients with AS-IBD and 48 patients with MBP. Antibody positivity rates, median quantitative antibody levels and the proportion of patients with antibody levels in the 4th quartile of a normal distribution were compared between the three groups of patients. RESULTS: Patients with AS alone demonstrated higher anti-CBir1 antibody positivity rates and median antibody levels than MBP patients. Anti-CBir1 positivity in AS was associated with elevation of acute phase reactants. AS-IBD patients demonstrated elevated responses when compared to AS alone for ASCA, anti-OmpC and anti-CBir1. Quartile analysis confirmed the findings. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that adaptive immune responses to microbial antigens occur in AS patients without clinical IBD and support the theory of mucosal dysregulation as a mechanism underlying the pathophysiology of AS.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/imunologia , Flagelina/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/imunologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Anticorpos/sangue , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Anticorpos Antifúngicos/sangue , Anticorpos Antifúngicos/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Porinas/imunologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/sangue , Espondilite Anquilosante/microbiologia
10.
J Rheumatol ; 40(12): 2038-41, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24187102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the features of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) in a Canadian cohort of 639 patients with AS and 73 patients with nr-axSpA. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were compared for patients with AS and nr-axSpA enrolled in a longitudinal SpA cohort. RESULTS: The proportion of male patients was higher in AS than in nr-axSpA (76.2% vs 47.9%; p < 0.0001). There was no difference in the presence of HLA-B27 between AS (78.9%) and nr-axSpA (72.5%) patients, nor in age at the time of diagnosis, although AS patients were younger at the time of symptom onset (23.9 yrs vs 26.4 yrs; p = 0.03). Disease duration at the time of last clinic visit was longer for AS than for nr-axSpA patients (17.7 yrs vs 12.1 yrs; p = 0.0002). Acute-phase reactants were higher in AS than in nr-axSpA (C-reactive protein 11.4 vs 5.2, p < 0.0001; erythrocyte sedimentation rate 13.7 vs 9.9, p = 0.02). The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index was higher in patients with AS (2.84 vs 1.35, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Patients with nr-axSpA were more likely to be female and to have lower inflammatory markers than patients with AS. When restricted to female patients only, acute-phase reactants did not differ significantly between AS and nr-axSpA. The evidence provides indirect support for the concept that nr-axSpA may represent an early form of AS, but that also has features of a distinct disease entity with significant burden of symptoms.


Assuntos
Espondilartrite/classificação , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/classificação , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Reação de Fase Aguda/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Canadá , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Antígeno HLA-B27/metabolismo , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Espondilartrite/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 52(2): 261-6, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23093722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether AS-associated polymorphisms of ERAP1, IL23R and IL12B genes associate with subphenotypes of PsA, particularly axial radiographic disease once stratified by HLA-B27 and HLA-Cw*0602 status. METHODS: rs30187 (ERAP1 gene), rs6887695 (IL12B gene), rs11209026 and rs7530511 (IL23R gene) single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 263 PsA cases from a prospective cohort and compared with data from healthy controls (n = 3266-5422). ERAP1 results were stratified according to HLA-B27 and HLA-Cw*0602 status. Investigation of association with age at onset of psoriasis/PsA, arthritic joint count, axial radiographic disease, peripheral radiographic erosions, Psoriasis Area Severity Index, nail score and HAQ was made. RESULTS: There was a strong association between rs6887595 (IL12B) and PsA, with homozygosity for the major allele being more frequent in PsA than controls (odds ratio 1.70; 95% CI 1.3, 2.2; P < 0.001). A trend was demonstrated for the minor allele of rs11209026 (IL23R) to be less frequent in patients with erosive joint disease than in those without erosions or controls (7%, 14% and 12%, respectively). None of the polymorphisms associated with the presence of axial radiographic disease or other clinical parameters. CONCLUSION: We have confirmed a strong association between rs6887595 (IL12B) and PsA. A trend has been demonstrated between an IL23R variant and peripheral erosive disease. ERAP1 was not associated with axial radiographic disease in PsA. Spinal involvement in PsA may be genetically different from that in AS, which is in keeping with previous observations that the clinical and radiographic pattern of axial disease also differs.


Assuntos
Aminopeptidases/genética , Artrite Psoriásica/genética , Subunidade p40 da Interleucina-12/genética , Receptores de Interleucina/genética , Espondilite Anquilosante/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Antígeno HLA-B27 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Rheumatol ; 39(1): 154-6, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22089469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and feasibility of the ClASsification criteria for Psoriatic ARthritis (CASPAR) to retrospectively classify an existing research cohort. METHODS: In total, 480 patient records were reviewed from the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) cohort and for 100 consecutive controls with inflammatory arthritis from a general rheumatology clinic. The CASPAR score was modified for retrospective use; both "inflammation" and "current psoriasis" were recorded as present if they had ever been confirmed in the rheumatology clinic. Sensitivity and specificity of the CASPAR criteria were compared with expert clinical diagnosis. RESULTS: A total of 480 database records were identified. Nine sets of records had been lost or destroyed. The diagnoses had changed in 15 cases, which were transferred to the control arm, leaving 456 patients with an expert diagnosis of PsA. Of 115 controls, 96 had rheumatoid arthritis, 5 osteoarthritis, 3 reactive arthritis, 3 seronegative arthritis, 3 undifferentiated arthralgia, 2 ankylosing spondylitis, 1 spondyloarthritis, and 2 systemic sclerosis. Sensitivity (99.7%) and specificity (99.1%) were both high and equivalent to previous reports. Sensitivity remained high even after inclusion of 7 PsA patients with insufficient data to complete the CASPAR assessment (sensitivity 98.2%, specificity 99.1%). The criteria were found to be easy and practical to apply to case records. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that the feasibility, specificity, and sensitivity of the CASPAR are maintained when adapted for retrospective use to classify an established research cohort.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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