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2.
Nat Genet ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288918

RESUMO

The human face is complex and multipartite, and characterization of its genetic architecture remains challenging. Using a multivariate genome-wide association study meta-analysis of 8,246 European individuals, we identified 203 genome-wide-significant signals (120 also study-wide significant) associated with normal-range facial variation. Follow-up analyses indicate that the regions surrounding these signals are enriched for enhancer activity in cranial neural crest cells and craniofacial tissues, several regions harbor multiple signals with associations to different facial phenotypes, and there is evidence for potential coordinated actions of variants. In summary, our analyses provide insights into the understanding of how complex morphological traits are shaped by both individual and coordinated genetic actions.

3.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 50: 102412, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260052

RESUMO

The prediction of appearance traits by use of solely genetic information has become an established approach and a number of statistical prediction models have already been developed for this purpose. However, given limited knowledge on appearance genetics, currently available models are incomplete and do not include all causal genetic variants as predictors. Therefore such prediction models may benefit from the inclusion of additional information that acts as a proxy for this unknown genetic background. Use of priors, possibly informed by trait category prevalence values in biogeographic ancestry groups, in a Bayesian framework may thus improve the prediction accuracy of previously predicted externally visible characteristics, but has not been investigated as of yet. In this study, we assessed the impact of using trait prevalence-informed priors on the prediction performance in Bayesian models for eye, hair and skin color as well as hair structure and freckles in comparison to the respective prior-free models. Those prior-free models were either similarly defined either very close to the already established ones by using a reduced predictive marker set. However, these differences in the number of the predictive markers should not affect significantly our main outcomes. We observed that such priors often had a strong effect on the prediction performance, but to varying degrees between different traits and also different trait categories, with some categories barely showing an effect. While we found potential for improving the prediction accuracy of many of the appearance trait categories tested by using priors, our analyses also showed that misspecification of those prior values often severely diminished the accuracy compared to the respective prior-free approach. This emphasizes the importance of accurate specification of prevalence-informed priors in Bayesian prediction modeling of appearance traits. However, the existing literature knowledge on spatial prevalence is sparse for most appearance traits, including those investigated here. Due to the limitations in appearance trait prevalence knowledge, our results render the use of trait prevalence-informed priors in DNA-based appearance trait prediction currently infeasible.

5.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 50: 102395, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070049

RESUMO

Predicting appearance phenotypes from genotypes is relevant for various areas of human genetic research and applications such as genetic epidemiology, human history, anthropology, and particularly in forensics. Many appearance phenotypes, and thus their underlying genotypes, are highly correlated, with pigmentation traits serving as primary examples. However, all available genetic prediction models, including those for pigmentation traits currently used in forensic DNA phenotyping, ignore phenotype correlations. Here, we investigated the impact of appearance phenotype correlations on genetic appearance prediction in the exemplary case of three pigmentation traits. We used data for categorical eye, hair and skin colour as well as 41 DNA markers utilized in the recently established HIrisPlex-S system from 762 individuals with complete phenotype and genotype information. Based on these data, we performed genetic prediction modelling of eye, hair and skin colour via three different strategies, namely the established approach of predicting phenotypes solely based on genotypes while not considering phenotype correlations, and two novel approaches that considered phenotype correlations, either incorporating truly observed correlated phenotypes or DNA-predicted correlated phenotypes in addition to the DNA predictors. We found that using truly observed correlated pigmentation phenotypes as additional predictors increased the DNA-based prediction accuracies for almost all eye, hair and skin colour categories, with the largest increase for intermediate eye colour, brown hair colour, dark to black skin colour, and particularly for dark skin colour. Outcomes of dedicated computer simulations suggest that this prediction accuracy increase is due to the additional genetic information that is implicitly provided by the truly observed correlated pigmentation phenotypes used, yet not covered by the DNA predictors applied. In contrast, considering DNA-predicted correlated pigmentation phenotypes as additional predictors did not improve the performance of the genetic prediction of eye, hair and skin colour, which was in line with the results from our computer simulations. Hence, in practical applications of DNA-based appearance prediction where no phenotype knowledge is available, such as in forensic DNA phenotyping, it is not advised to use DNA-predicted correlated phenotypes as predictors in addition to the DNA predictors. In the very least, this is not recommended for the pigmentation traits and the established pigmentation DNA predictors tested here.

6.
Cell Metab ; 32(4): 561-574.e7, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027675

RESUMO

Aberrant redox signaling underlies the pathophysiology of many chronic metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methodologies aimed at rebalancing systemic redox homeostasis have had limited success. A noninvasive, sustained approach would enable the long-term control of redox signaling for the treatment of T2D. We report that static magnetic and electric fields (sBE) noninvasively modulate the systemic GSH-to-GSSG redox couple to promote a healthier systemic redox environment that is reducing. Strikingly, when applied to mouse models of T2D, sBE rapidly ameliorates insulin resistance and glucose intolerance in as few as 3 days with no observed adverse effects. Scavenging paramagnetic byproducts of oxygen metabolism with SOD2 in hepatic mitochondria fully abolishes these insulin sensitizing effects, demonstrating that mitochondrial superoxide mediates induction of these therapeutic changes. Our findings introduce a remarkable redox-modulating phenomenon that exploits endogenous electromagneto-receptive mechanisms for the noninvasive treatment of T2D, and potentially other redox-related diseases.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(16)2020 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784920

RESUMO

The Cpi-17 (ppp1r14) gene family is an evolutionarily conserved, vertebrate specific group of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) inhibitors. When phosphorylated, Cpi-17 is a potent inhibitor of myosin phosphatase (MP), a holoenzyme complex of the regulatory subunit Mypt1 and the catalytic subunit PP1. Myosin phosphatase dephosphorylates the regulatory myosin light chain (Mlc2) and promotes actomyosin relaxation, which in turn, regulates numerous cellular processes including smooth muscle contraction, cytokinesis, cell motility, and tumor cell invasion. We analyzed zebrafish homologs of the Cpi-17 family, to better understand the mechanisms of myosin phosphatase regulation. We found single homologs of both Kepi (ppp1r14c) and Gbpi (ppp1r14d) in silico, but we detected no expression of these genes during early embryonic development. Cpi-17 (ppp1r14a) and Phi-1 (ppp1r14b) each had two duplicate paralogs, (ppp1r14aa and ppp1r14ab) and (ppp1r14ba and ppp1r14bb), which were each expressed during early development. The spatial expression pattern of these genes has diverged, with ppp1r14aa and ppp1r14bb expressed primarily in smooth muscle and skeletal muscle, respectively, while ppp1r14ab and ppp1r14ba are primarily expressed in neural tissue. We observed that, in in vitro and heterologous cellular systems, the Cpi-17 paralogs both acted as potent myosin phosphatase inhibitors, and were indistinguishable from one another. In contrast, the two Phi-1 paralogs displayed weak myosin phosphatase inhibitory activity in vitro, and did not alter myosin phosphorylation in cells. Through deletion and chimeric analysis, we identified that the difference in specificity for myosin phosphatase between Cpi-17 and Phi-1 was encoded by the highly conserved PHIN (phosphatase holoenzyme inhibitory) domain, and not the more divergent N- and C- termini. We also showed that either Cpi-17 paralog can rescue the knockdown phenotype, but neither Phi-1 paralog could do so. Thus, we provide new evidence about the biochemical and developmental distinctions of the zebrafish Cpi-17 protein family.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11850, 2020 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678112

RESUMO

Estimates of individual-level genomic ancestry are routinely used in human genetics, and related fields. The analysis of population structure and genomic ancestry can yield insights in terms of modern and ancient populations, allowing us to address questions regarding admixture, and the numbers and identities of the parental source populations. Unrecognized population structure is also an important confounder to correct for in genome-wide association studies. However, it remains challenging to work with heterogeneous datasets from multiple studies collected by different laboratories with diverse genotyping and imputation protocols. This work presents a new approach and an accompanying open-source toolbox that facilitates a robust integrative analysis for population structure and genomic ancestry estimates for heterogeneous datasets. We show robustness against individual outliers and different protocols for the projection of new samples into a reference ancestry space, and the ability to reveal and adjust for population structure in a simulated case-control admixed population. Given that visually evident and easily recognizable patterns of human facial characteristics co-vary with genomic ancestry, and based on the integration of three different sources of genome data, we generate average 3D faces to illustrate genomic ancestry variations within the 1,000 Genome project and for eight ancient-DNA profiles, respectively.

9.
Vet Res ; 51(1): 58, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349781

RESUMO

Bovine ephemeral fever is a vector-borne disease of ruminants that occurs in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Australia. The disease is caused by a rhabdovirus, bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV), which occurs as a single serotype globally. Although several other closely related ephemeroviruses have been isolated from cattle and/or arthropods, only kotonkan virus from Nigeria and (tentatively) Mavingoni virus from Mayotte Island in the Indian Ocean have been previously associated with febrile disease. Here, we report the isolation of a novel virus (Hayes Yard virus; HYV) from blood collected in February 2000 from a bull (Bos indicus) in the Northern Territory of Australia. The animal was suffering from a severe ephemeral fever-like illness with neurological involvement, including recumbency and paralysis, and was euthanised. Histological examination of spinal cord and lung tissue identified extensive haemorrhage in the dura mata with moderate perineuronal oedema and extensive emphysema. HYV displayed cone-shaped morphology, typical of rhabdoviruses, and was found to be most closely related antigenically to Puchong virus (PUCV), isolated in 1965 from mosquitoes in Malaysia. Analysis of complete genome sequences of HYV (15 025 nt) and PUCV (14 932 nt) indicated that each has a complex organisation (3' N-P-M-G-GNS-α1-α2-ß-γ-L 5') and expression strategy, similar to that of BEFV. Based on an alignment of complete L protein sequences, HYV and PUCV cluster with other rhabdoviruses in the genus Ephemerovirus and appear to represent two new species. Neutralising antibody to HYV was also detected in a retrospective survey of cattle sera collected in the Northern Territory.

10.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 110: 110634, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204070

RESUMO

In the current research previously developed composites composed from poly (l-lactide) (PLLA) and nano-hydroxyapatite (10 wt% nHAp/PLLA) were functionalized with different concentrations of europium (III) (Eu3+). The aim of this study was to determine whether Eu3+ ions doped within the 10 wt% nHAp/PLLA scaffolds will improve the bioactivity of composites. Therefore, first set of experiments was designed to evaluate the effect of Eu3+ ions on morphology, viability, proliferation and metabolism of progenitor cells isolated from adipose tissue (hASC). Three different concentration were tested i.e. 1 mol%, 3 mol% and 5%mol. We identified the 10 wt% nHAp/PLLA@3 mol% Eu3+ scaffolds as the most cytocompatible. Further, we investigated the influence of the composites doped with 3 mol% Eu3+ ions on differentiation of hASC toward bone and cartilage forming cells. Our results showed that 10 wt% nHAp/PLLA@3 mol% Eu3+ scaffolds promotes osteogenesis and chondrogenesis of hASCs what was associated with improved synthesis and secretion of extracellular matrix proteins specific for bone and articular cartilage tissue. We also proved that obtained biomaterials have bio-imaging function and their integration with bone can be monitored using micro computed tomography (µCT).

12.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 43: 102152, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518964

RESUMO

Forensic DNA Phenotyping (FDP) provides the ability to predict externally visible characteristics from minute amounts of crime scene DNA, which can help find unknown perpetrators who are typically unidentifiable via conventional forensic DNA profiling. Fundamental human genetics research has led to a better understanding of the specific DNA variants responsible for physical appearance characteristics, particularly eye, hair, and skin color. Recently, we introduced the HIrisPlex-S system for the simultaneous prediction of eye, hair, and skin color based on 41 DNA variants generated from two forensically validated SNaPshot multiplex assays using capillary electrophoresis (CE). Here we introduce massively parallel sequencing (MPS) solutions for the HIrisPlex-S (HPS) system on two MPS platforms commonly used in forensics, Ion Torrent and MiSeq, that cover all 41 DNA variants in a single assay, respectively. Additionally, we present the forensic developmental validation of the two HPS-MPS assays. The Ion Torrent MPS assay, based on Ion AmpliSeq technology, illustrated the successful generation of full HIrisPlex-S genotypic profiles from 100 pg of input control DNA, while the MiSeq MPS assay based on an in-house design yielded complete profiles from 250 pg of input DNA. Assessing simulated forensic casework samples such as saliva, hair (bulb), blood, semen, and low quantity touch DNA, as well as artificially damaged DNA samples, concordance testing, and samples from numerous species, all illustrated the ability of both versions of the HIrisPlex-S MPS assay to produce results that motivate forensic applications. By also providing an integrated bioinformatics analysis pipeline, MPS data can now be analyzed and a file generated for upload to the publically accessible HIrisPlex online webtool (https://hirisplex.erasmusmc.nl). In addition, we updated the website to accept VCF input data for those with genome sequence data. We thus provide a user-friendly and semi-automated MPS workflow from DNA sample to individual eye, hair, and skin color prediction probabilities. Furthermore, we present a 2-person mixture separation tool that not only assesses genotype reliability with regards genotyping confidence but also provides the most fitting mixture scenario for both minor and major contributors, including profile separation. We envision this MPS implementation of the HIrisPlex-S system for eye, hair, and skin color prediction from DNA as a starting point for further expanding MPS-based forensic DNA phenotyping. This may include the future addition of SNPs predictive for more externally visible characteristics, as well as SNPs for bio-geographic ancestry inference, provided the statistical framework for DNA prediction of these traits is in place.


Assuntos
Cor de Olho/genética , Técnicas de Genotipagem/instrumentação , Cor de Cabelo/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pigmentação da Pele/genética , Animais , DNA/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Fenótipo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Especificidade da Espécie
13.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(9)2019 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443502

RESUMO

In 1990 in Griswold, Connecticut, archaeologists excavated a burial found in a "skull and crossbones" orientation. The lid of the 19th century coffin had brass tacks that spelled "JB55", the initials of the person lying there and age at death. JB55 had evidence of chronic pulmonary infection, perhaps tuberculosis. It is possible that JB55 was deemed a vampire due to his disease, and therefore had to be "killed" by mutilating his corpse. In an attempt to reveal the identity of JB55, DNA testing was performed. Ancestry informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis using the Precision ID Ancestry Panel indicated European ancestry. A full Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) profile was obtained, belonging to haplogroup R1b. When the Y-STR profile was searched in the publicly accessible FamilyTreeDNA R1b Project website, the two closest matches had the surname "Barber". A search of historical records led to a death notice mentioning John Barber, whose son Nathan Barber was buried in Griswold in 1826. The description of Nathan Barber closely fits the burial of "NB13," found near JB55. By applying modern forensic DNA tools to a historical mystery, the identity of JB55 as John Barber, the 19th century Connecticut vampire, has been revealed.


Assuntos
Genética Forense/métodos , Criaturas Lendárias , Linhagem , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Cemitérios , Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Connecticut , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites
14.
Mol Pharm ; 16(9): 3904-3915, 2019 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318566

RESUMO

Melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) is under investigation as a target for drug delivery for metastatic melanoma therapy and imaging. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of using BRAF inhibitors (BRAFi) and histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) to enhance the delivery of MC1R-targeted radiolabeled peptide ([212Pb]DOTA-MC1L) by pharmacologically upregulating the MC1R expression in metastatic melanoma cells and tumors. MC1R expression was analyzed in de-identified melanoma biopsies by immunohistochemical staining. Upregulation of MC1R expression was determined in BRAFV600E cells (A2058) and BRAF wild-type melanoma cells (MEWO) by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry, and receptor-ligand binding assays. The role of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) in the upregulation of MC1R was also examined in A2058 and MEWO cells. The effectiveness of [212Pb]DOTA-MC1L α-particle radiotherapy in combination with BRAFi and/or HDACi was determined in athymic nu/nu mice bearing A2058 and MEWO human melanoma xenografts. High expression of MC1R was observed in situ in clinical melanoma biopsies. BRAFi and HDACi significantly increased the MC1R expression (up to 10-fold in mRNA and 4-fold in protein levels) via MITF-dependent pathways, and this increase led to enhanced ligand binding on the cell surface. Inhibition of MITF expression antagonized the upregulation of MC1R in both BRAFV600E and BRAFWT cells. Combining [212Pb]DOTA-MC1L with BRAFi and/or HDACi improved the tumor response by increasing the delivery of 212Pb α-particle emissions to melanoma tumors via augmented MC1R expression. These data suggest that FDA-approved HDACi and BRAFi could improve the effectiveness of MC1R-targeted therapies by enhancing drug delivery via upregulated MC1R.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/radioterapia , Receptor Tipo 1 de Melanocortina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/radioterapia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Partículas alfa/uso terapêutico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Radioisótopos de Chumbo/química , Melanoma/patologia , Camundongos Nus , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia , Oximas/farmacologia , Fenilbutiratos/farmacologia , Projetos Piloto , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptor Tipo 1 de Melanocortina/genética , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 364, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome imputation, admixture resolution and genome-wide association analyses are timely and computationally intensive processes with many composite and requisite steps. Analysis time increases further when building and installing the run programs required for these analyses. For scientists that may not be as versed in programing language, but want to perform these operations hands on, there is a lengthy learning curve to utilize the vast number of programs available for these analyses. RESULTS: In an effort to streamline the entire process with easy-to-use steps for scientists working with big data, the Odyssey pipeline was developed. Odyssey is a simplified, efficient, semi-automated genome-wide imputation and analysis pipeline, which prepares raw genetic data, performs pre-imputation quality control, phasing, imputation, post-imputation quality control, population stratification analysis, and genome-wide association with statistical data analysis, including result visualization. Odyssey is a pipeline that integrates programs such as PLINK, SHAPEIT, Eagle, IMPUTE, Minimac, and several R packages, to create a seamless, easy-to-use, and modular workflow controlled via a single user-friendly configuration file. Odyssey was built with compatibility in mind, and thus utilizes the Singularity container solution, which can be run on Linux, MacOS, and Windows platforms. It is also easily scalable from a simple desktop to a High-Performance System (HPS). CONCLUSION: Odyssey facilitates efficient and fast genome-wide association analysis automation and can go from raw genetic data to genome: phenome association visualization and analyses results in 3-8 h on average, depending on the input data, choice of programs within the pipeline and available computer resources. Odyssey was built to be flexible, portable, compatible, scalable, and easy to setup. Biologists less familiar with programing can now work hands on with their own big data using this easy-to-use pipeline.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Automação , Software
16.
J Pediatr Health Care ; 33(5): 561-567, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153727

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rates and relationships of early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) of mothers in rural Haiti were examined. Prelacteal and complementary feedings were identified. METHODS: With a cross-sectional descriptive design, survey data from mothers (N = 195) were collected at three intervals after birth. Data were analyzed for indicators of EIBF, EBF, and complementary feedings. RESULTS: Overall, 148 (75.9%) mothers reported EIBF, and 75 (38.5%) reported EBF. EIBF was associated with EBF, with an adjusted relative risk 1.35 (95% confidence interval = [0.84, 2.18]). Several nutritive and nonnutritive substances interrupted EBF during the first 6 months of life. DISCUSSION: Haiti has an under-five mortality rate of 67.0/1,000 live births, exceeding the mean of 46.5/1,000 live births for developing regions. Both EIBF and EBF are associated with decreased neonatal and early infant mortality. Country-specific data are needed to inform and develop breastfeeding initiatives and community-level campaigns to improve the prevalence of EIBF and EBF in Haiti.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Cultura , Feminino , Haiti , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães/psicologia , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Nat Ecol Evol ; 3(6): 986-987, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068681

RESUMO

In the version of this Article originally published, there were errors in the colour ordering of the legend in Fig. 5b, and in the positions of the target and surrogate populations in Fig. 5c. This has now been corrected. The conclusions of the study are in no way affected. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.

18.
Nat Ecol Evol ; 3(5): 765-771, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988490

RESUMO

The roles of migration, admixture and acculturation in the European transition to farming have been debated for over 100 years. Genome-wide ancient DNA studies indicate predominantly Aegean ancestry for continental Neolithic farmers, but also variable admixture with local Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. Neolithic cultures first appear in Britain circa 4000 BC, a millennium after they appeared in adjacent areas of continental Europe. The pattern and process of this delayed British Neolithic transition remain unclear. We assembled genome-wide data from 6 Mesolithic and 67 Neolithic individuals found in Britain, dating 8500-2500 BC. Our analyses reveal persistent genetic affinities between Mesolithic British and Western European hunter-gatherers. We find overwhelming support for agriculture being introduced to Britain by incoming continental farmers, with small, geographically structured levels of hunter-gatherer ancestry. Unlike other European Neolithic populations, we detect no resurgence of hunter-gatherer ancestry at any time during the Neolithic in Britain. Genetic affinities with Iberian Neolithic individuals indicate that British Neolithic people were mostly descended from Aegean farmers who followed the Mediterranean route of dispersal. We also infer considerable variation in pigmentation levels in Europe by circa 6000 BC.


Assuntos
DNA Antigo , Genoma , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Dinâmica Populacional , Reino Unido
20.
Plast Surg Nurs ; 38(4): 153-157, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30507814

RESUMO

Aesthetic medicine nursing is a highly skilled specialty, which continues to evolve. A survey of 197 experienced aesthetic medicine nurses practicing in eight countries revealed shortcomings in the current approach to their education, training, and registration. Education and training are currently self-identified and self-funded and are often provided by the companies that manufacture or distribute the products used in aesthetic medicine treatments. Accreditation and registration schemes are not mandatory, and an international professional governing body is lacking to facilitate international cooperation and sharing of best practice. There is a need for an academic, coherent, and comprehensive approach to the training and education of aesthetic medicine nurses that will equip them with the knowledge and experience to not only administer treatments and attain natural looking results but also prevent, recognize, and manage any potential complications associated with such treatments.


Assuntos
Estética , Enfermeiras Especialistas/tendências , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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