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1.
Hum Mol Genet ; 19(22): 4353-72, 2010 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20739296

RESUMO

Abnormalities in the development of enteric neural crest-derived progenitors (ENPs) that generate the enteric nervous system (ENS) can lead to aganglionosis in a variable portion of the distal gastrointestinal tract. Cumulative evidence suggests that variation of aganglionosis is due to gene interactions that modulate the ability of ENPs to populate the intestine; however, the developmental processes underlying this effect are unknown. We hypothesized that differences in enteric ganglion deficits could be attributable to the effects of genetic background on early developmental processes, including migration, proliferation, or lineage divergence. Developmental processes were investigated in congenic Sox10(Dom) mice, an established Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) model, on distinct inbred backgrounds, C57BL/6J (B6) and C3HeB/FeJ (C3Fe). Immuno-staining on whole-mount fetal gut tissue and dissociated cell suspensions was used to assess migration and proliferation. Flow cytometry utilizing the cell surface markers p75 and HNK-1 was used to isolate live ENPs for analysis of developmental potential. Frequency of ENPs was reduced in Sox10(Dom) embryos relative to wild-type embryos, but was unaffected by genetic background. Both migration and developmental potential of ENPs in Sox10(Dom) embryos were altered by inbred strain background with the most highly significant differences seen for developmental potential between strains and genotypes. In vivo imaging of fetal ENPs and postnatal ganglia demonstrates that altered lineage divergence impacts ganglia in the proximal intestine. Our analysis demonstrates that genetic background alters early ENS development and suggests that abnormalities in lineage diversification can shift the proportions of ENP populations and thus may contribute to ENS deficiencies in vivo.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Entérico/embriologia , Doença de Hirschsprung/genética , Crista Neural/citologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOXE/genética , Células-Tronco/citologia , Animais , Antígenos CD57/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sistema Nervoso Entérico/citologia , Sistema Nervoso Entérico/metabolismo , Gânglios/embriologia , Gânglios/patologia , Doença de Hirschsprung/embriologia , Doença de Hirschsprung/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Intestinos/citologia , Intestinos/embriologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Congênicos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C3H , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mutação , Crista Neural/embriologia , Especificidade da Espécie
2.
Pediatr Res ; 52(3): 437-42, 2002 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12193681

RESUMO

Exposure of rats and mice to hyperoxia decreases lung coenzyme A (CoASH) contents, with a decrease of 50% observed in adult male Fischer-344 rats exposed to >95% O(2) for 48 h. Decreases in lung CoASH levels are not accompanied by increases in contents of the mixed glutathione disulfide of CoA, as might be expected of a primary oxidative stress on CoASH status. Animals exposed to hyperoxia exhibit decreased food intake, and the present studies were to test the hypothesis that fasting would decrease lung CoASH contents, thereby suggesting a mechanism for the effects of hyperoxia. Adult male Fischer-344 rats were examined after 0, 24, or 48 h of fasting (n = 5, 6, and 6, respectively). Fasting for 24 or 48 h did not affect lung CoASH levels or lung weights, despite 6 and 12% losses in body weight. Lung glutathione concentrations (nanomoles per gram of tissue) and contents (nanomoles per whole organ) and glutathione disulfide contents were 10 to 20% lower in rats fasted for 48 h than in fed rats. Liver weights and glutathione and glutathione disulfide contents and concentrations were 30 to 70% lower in rats fasted for 24 or 48 h than in fed rats. Hepatic CoASH concentrations increased during fasting, but hepatic contents of CoASH remained remarkably constant. Liver protein contents (milligrams of protein per whole organ) decreased after 24 and 48 h of fasting, but protein concentrations (milligrams of protein per gram of tissue) were higher in rats fasted 48 h than in fed rats. Overall, glutathione, glutathione disulfide, and protein contents in liver and skeletal muscle decreased with fasting, but significant changes in CoASH contents were not observed. Diminished food intake in animals does not explain the effects of hyperoxia on lung CoASH contents. CoASH and derived thioesters participate in many cellular functions, and if depletion of lung CoASH during hyperoxia proves to be relevant to mechanisms of lung injury, support of mechanisms needed to sustain CoA levels could be helpful in prematurely born infants and in adults.


Assuntos
Coenzima A/metabolismo , Jejum/fisiologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Peso Corporal , Coenzima A/química , Creatinina/sangue , Glutationa/química , Glutationa/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos F344 , Distribuição Tecidual
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