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1.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228856, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040542

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obstructed labour (OL) is an important clinical and public health problem because of the associated maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for OL and its associated obstetric squeal are usually context specific. No epidemiological study has documented the risk factors for OL in Eastern Uganda. This study was conducted to identify the risk factors for OL in Mbale Hospital. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for OL in Mbale Regional Referral and Teaching Hospital, Eastern Uganda. METHODS: We conducted a case control study with 270 cases of women with OL and 270 controls of women without OL. We consecutively enrolled eligible cases between July 2018 and February 2019. For each case, we randomly selected one eligible control admitted in the same 24-hour period. Data was collected using face-to-face interviews and a review of patient notes. Logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors for OL. RESULTS: The risk factors for OL were, being a referral from a lower health facility (AOR 6.80, 95% CI: 4.20-11.00), prime parity (AOR 2.15 95% CI: 1.26-3.66) and use of herbal medicines in active labour (AOR 2.72 95% CI: 1.49-4.96). Married participants (AOR 0.59 95% CI: 0.35-0.97) with a delivery plan (AOR 0.56 95% CI: 0.35-0.90) and educated partners (AOR 0.57 95% CI: 0.33-0.98) were less likely to have OL. In the adjusted analysis, there was no association between four or more ANC visits and OL, adjusted odds ratio [(AOR) 0.96 95% CI: 0.57-1.63)]. CONCLUSIONS: Prime parity, use of herbal medicines in labour and being a referral from a lower health facility were identified as risk factors. Being married with a delivery plan and an educated partner were protective of OL. Increased frequency of ANC attendance was not protective against obstructed labour.


Assuntos
Distocia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distocia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Uganda/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int J Adolesc Med Health ; 24(4): 301-6, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23183729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess care-seeking practices for contraception and human immune deficiency virus (HIV) testing services among young women (14-24 years) in a peri-urban district of Uganda. METHODS: A formative study assessed care-seeking practices among women in Wakiso district, Central Uganda. A survey was carried out in 11 randomly selected parish clusters targeting women in the reproductive age group. Data on current use of contraception, information from women who had been tested for HIV, future desire for an HIV test, and choice of care were captured. RESULTS: A total of 10,993 women were interviewed of whom young women were 5384 (49.0%). The proportion of young women using a method of contraception was less, 2446 (45.8%), compared with 2832 (54.3%) for older women, p=0.0001. Few adolescents (14-19 years), 850 (45.3%), had tested for HIV compared with older women, p=0.0001, whereas majority of the young women, 1321 (75.5%), wished to have an HIV test compared with older women, 742 (66.0%), p=0.0001. Fear for an HIV test was common among women of both age groups, p=0.9. Data further show that young women were less likely to deliver at hospitals, 1582 (50.8%), compared with older women, 2586 (53.3%), p=0.0001. Similarly, a lesser proportion of young women, 845 (50.4%), sought contraception at hospitals compared with older women, 1432 (54.4%), p=0.004. The factors that most influenced access to services were age, educational level, source of care, marital status, and future intention to use a particular service. CONCLUSIONS: Young women are less likely to access contraception and HIV testing services in this district. These results will be useful in designing and evaluating future interventions targeting young women.


Assuntos
Sorodiagnóstico da AIDS , Anticoncepção , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Modelos Logísticos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Uganda
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