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1.
Dose Response ; 18(2): 1559325820917824, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284703

RESUMO

Objective: The prognostic value of C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR) has been identified in several cancers but not in extranodal natural killer T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) as yet. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of CAR in ENKTL. Methods: A retrospective study with 246 patients with ENKTL was performed to determine the prognostic value of pretreatment CAR and examine the prognostic performance of CAR incorporating with International Prognostic Index (IPI) or natural killer/T-cell lymphoma prognostic index (NKPI) by nomogram. Results: The Cox regression analyses showed that high CAR (>0.3) independently predicted unfavorable progression-free survival (PFS, P = .011) and overall survival (OS, P = .012). In the stratification analysis, the CAR was able to separate patients into different prognoses regarding both OS and PFS in Ann Arbor stage I+II as well as III+IV, IPI score 0 to 1, and NKPI score 1 to 2 subgroups (all P < .05). Additionally, the predictive accuracy of the IPI-based nomogram incorporating CAR, albumin to globulin ratio (AGR), and IPI for OS and PFS appeared to be lower than the NKPI-based nomogram incorporating CAR, age, AGR, extranodal site, and NKPI. Conclusion: Pretreatment CAR is a simple and easily accessible parameter for independently predicting OS and PFS in patients with ENKTL.

2.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 19(3): 264-275, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535663

RESUMO

The wide use of anthracyclines represented by doxorubicin (DOX) has benefited cancer patients, yet the clinical application is limited due to its cardiotoxicity. Although numerous evidences have supported a role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in DOX-induced myocardial damage, the exact etiology and pathogenesis remain largely obscure. In this study, we focused on the role of miR-15b-5p in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. We employed a public miRNA and gene microarray to screen differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in rat cardiomyocytes, and 33 DEMs including miR-15b-5p and 237 DEGs including Bmpr1a and Gata4 were identified. The Gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analysis of 237 DEGs indicated that the DEGs were mainly enriched in heart development and ALK pathway in cardiomyocyte which included the main receptor Bmpr1a and transcription factor Gata4. The up-regulated miR-15b-5p and down-regulated Bmpr1a and Gata4 mRNA expressions were further validated in H9c2 cardiomyocytes exposed to DOX. Moreover, the results showed overexpression of miR-15b-5p or inhibition of Bmpr1a may enhance the DOX-induced apoptosis, oxidative stress and mitochondria damage in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. The Bmpr1a was suggested as a potential target of miR-15b-5p by bioinformatics prediction. We further verified the negatively regulatory effect of miR-15b-5p on Bmpr1a signaling. Moreover, we also confirmed that overexpression of miR-15b-5p may exacerbate the DOX-induced apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes by affecting the protein expression ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and Akt activation, while this pro-apoptotic effect was able to be suppressed by Bmpr1a agonist. Collectively, the results suggest that miR-15b-5p is likely involved in doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity via inhibiting Bmpr1a signaling in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Our study provides a novel insight for investigating DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas Tipo I/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas Tipo I/genética , Cardiotoxicidade , Linhagem Celular , Fator de Transcrição GATA4/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA4/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
3.
Exp Ther Med ; 16(3): 2534-2544, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30186487

RESUMO

The care of individual patients requiring anthracyclines remains challenging as uncertainty persists on predictors of cardiotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to identify potential candidate blood indicators of doxorubicin-induced heart failure. The gene expression profiles of GSE40447 and GSE9128 microarray data were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) using the R/Limma package or GEO2R. Functional and pathway enrichment analysis on DEGs were performed using DAVID database. The cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related DEGs were screen out based on the CardioGenBase database. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed with STRING database and visualized by using Cytoscape. Then, the CVD-related DEGs were validated by intersection analysis with DEGs in GSE9128. The overlapping DEGs with a consistent expression pattern in GSE40447 and GSE9128 were identified as candidate indicators for doxorubicin-induced heart failure. A total of 516 DEGs potentially associated with doxorubicin-induced heart failure in GSE40447 were identified, which were mainly enriched in the gene ontology terms related to B cells, leukocytes, lymphocyte activation and B cell receptor signaling pathway. Of the DEGs, 42 were screened out as CVD-related DEGs by using CardioGenBase. Seven genes with high connectivity degree were presented in the PPI network. Finally, 5/6 CVD-related DEGs revealed by the intersection analysis were validated by GSE9128 and highlighted as candidate indicators of doxorubicin-induced heart failure: CD163, CD28, SLC25A20, ANPEP and TLR5. Several genes, including the 5 previously mentioned, were proposed as potential candidate blood indicators for doxorubicin-induced heart failure. Further experimental validations are greatly warranted for future clinical application.

4.
Clin Chim Acta ; 485: 166-172, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated triglyceride to high density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio has been identified as a surrogate marker of insulin resistance and an independent predictor for cardiovascular events in the general population. However, the prognostic value of TG/HDL-C ratio in revascularized ST-elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI) patients remains unclear. We examined the association between TG/HDL-C ratio and clinical outcome of revascularized STEMI patients in the Chinese population. METHODS: 464 STEMI patients who underwent successful revascularization were enrolled to determine the relationship between TG/HDL-C ratio and major adverse coronary events(MACEs) with a 30-month follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression proportional hazard model were applied to assess the prognostic value of TG/HDL-C ratio. RESULTS: TG/HDL-C ratio was found to be significantly associated with age (p = 0.017), history of diabetes(p = 0.017), heart rate(p = 0.011), TG(p < 0.001), HDL-C(p < 0.001) and Gensini score(p = 0.034). The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that elevated TG/HDL-C ratio was an independent prognostic factor for MACE in female patients (HR = 2.624,95%CI = 1.211-5.687,p = 0.014) but not in male patients(HR = 0.756, 95%CI = 0.484-1.179,p = NS) after adjustment with other MACE-related prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: The TG/HDL-C ratio may be independently associated with MACEs in female revascularized STEMI patients in the Chinese population.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/análise , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Triglicerídeos/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Análise de Regressão
5.
Clin Chim Acta ; 452: 199-203, 2016 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26633854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The red cell distribution width (RDW) has also been reported to reliably reflect the inflammation and nutrition status and predict the prognosis across several types of cancer, however, the prognostic value of RDW in esophageal carcinoma has seldom been studied. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to assess the prognostic value of RDW in patients with esophageal carcinoma by the Kaplan-Meier analysis and multivariate Cox regression proportional hazard model. All enrolled patients were divided into high RDW group (≧15%) and low RDW group (<15%) according to the detected RDW values. RESULTS: Clinical and laboratory data from a total of 179 patients with esophageal carcinoma were retrieved. With a median follow-up of 21months, the high RDW group exhibited a shorter disease-free survival (DFS) (p<0.001) and an unfavorable overall survival (OS) (p<0.001) in the univariate analysis. The multivariate analysis revealed that elevated RDW at diagnosis was an independent prognostic factor for shorter PFS (p=0.043, HR=1.907, 95% CI=1.020-3.565) and poor OS (p=0.042, HR=1.895, 95% CI=1.023-3.508) after adjustment with other cancer-related prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that elevated preoperative RDW(≧15%) at the diagnosis may independently predict poorer disease-free and overall survival among patients with esophageal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Índices de Eritrócitos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(3): 3935-45, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26064295

RESUMO

The current meta-analysis incorporating 15 case-control studies involving 4,138 cases and 4,269 controls was performed on the basis of a systematical search in electronic databases for a more precise estimation on the associations of three common polymorphisms -765 G>C (rs20417), -1195G>A (rs689466) and +8473 C>T (rs5275) in Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) gene with the susceptibility to bladder cancer. The results showed that there was a significant association between rs5275 polymorphism and bladder cancer risk (C vs. T; OR=0.84; CC vs. TT: OR=0.76), especially among Chinese (CC vs. TC+TT: OR=0.48) and American (C vs. T; OR=0.83; TC vs. TT: OR=0.73; CC+TC vs. TT: OR=0.73). and the rs20417 polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer among Chinese (C vs. G: OR=1.46; GC vs. GG: OR=1.49; CC+GC vs. GG: OR=1.51) and Indian (GC vs. GG: OR=1.63; CC+GC vs. GG: OR=1.46), but a reduced risk among American (C vs. G: OR=0.81; GC vs. GG: OR=0.76; CC+GC vs. GG: OR=0.76). Additionally, we found that the rs689466 polymorphism was associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer in Indian (GA vs. GG: OR=0.68; AA vs. GG: OR=0.39).The present meta-analysis suggests that Cox-2 rs5275 polymorphism may contribute to the risk of bladder cancer, particularly among Chinese and American. The rs20417 polymorphism may play a protective role in the development of bladder cancer in Indian and Chinese but act as a risk factor among American, while the rs689466 polymorphism was more likely to be associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer in Indian.

7.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(1): 616-24, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25785036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog-1 (SIRT1) plays an important role in the progression and development of cancer, including breast cancer. However, the association between SIRT1 expression and clinicopathological parameters and prognosis in breast cancer remains inconclusive. To accurately evaluate the significance of SIRT1 expression in breast cancer, a meta-analysis based on published studies was performed. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, ISI Web of Science, Science Direct, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were screened to retrieve relevant literature. The reported odds ratios (ORs) and hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% corresponding confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled to estimate the strength of specific associations. RESULTS: Six studies involving 604 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled analyses showed a significant correlation between SIRT1 expression and poor disease-free survival (DFS) (HR = 3.07, 95% CI: 1.92-4.91, Z = 4.69, P < 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (HR = 3.94, 95% CI: 2.19-7.10, Z = 4.57, P < 0.001). SIRT1 expression also significantly correlated with high TNM stage (pooled OR = 2.92, 95% CI: 1.84-4.63) and lymph node metastasis (pooled OR = 3.22, 95% CI: 0.98-10.57). CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis shows that SIRT1 expression correlates with unfavorable clinical outcomes. We suggest that SIRT1 expression may have potential value in the pathological diagnosis and clinical treatment of patients with breast cancer. More studies are warranted to investigate the effect of SIRT1 on the survival of breast cancer patients.

8.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 31(2): 70-6, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25645984

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that activation of the Notch1 signaling pathway inducing epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) mediated by Snail/Slug promotes invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells in vitro. However, the implication of the Notch1-Snail/Slug-EMT axis in breast cancer patients remains unclear. A total of 200 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), and 37 adjacent non-neoplastic tissue (ANNT) samples from patients who had not been treated with neoadjuvant therapy were examined. Expression of Notch1, Slug, Snail, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and vimentin was determined by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays (TMAs). The correlation between protein expression and clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer patients was also evaluated. Results showed that a significantly high percentage of cases with high expression of Notch1 (74%, 148/200), Slug (36%, 72/200), Snail (62%, 124/200), and N-cadherin (77%, 153/200) and a low percentage of cases with high expression of E-cadherin (27%, 54/200) were observed in IDC compared to those in ANNTs. High Notch1, Slug, Snail, and N-cadherin expression and low E-cadherin expression in patients with IDC were significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis. In addition, correlation analysis results revealed that high Notch1 expression was significantly associated with high Slug, Snail, and N-cadherin expression and low E-cadherin expression in IDC. Furthermore, a high Snail expression was significantly associated with low E-cadherin expression, and a high Slug expression was found to be significantly associated with increased N-cadherin expression in patients with IDC. Hence, our study suggested that the Notch1-Snail/Slug-EMT axis may be implicated in the lymph node metastasis affecting patients with IDC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Caderinas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/secundário , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail
9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 33: 97, 2014 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25420528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SIRT1 expression and Notch1 signaling have been implicated in tumorigenesis in many cancers, but their association with survival in breast cancer has not been determined. The purpose of this study was to assess the possible prognostic value of SIRT1, N1IC, and Snail expression in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine the expression of SIRT1, N1IC, and Snail, and the combined expression of SIRT1 and N1IC, using tissue microarrays containing breast cancer tissue and matched adjacent normal breast tissue from 150 breast cancer patients. Survival analysis was carried out using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of SIRT1, N1IC, Snail and combined SIRT1/N1IC expression, in addition to other clinicopathological factors, including grade, lymph node status, disease stage, and estrogen, progesterone, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 receptor status in breast carcinoma patients. RESULTS: SIRT1, N1IC, and Snail were all found to be highly expressed and an inverse correlation between SIRT1 and N1IC in breast cancer tissue. The three markers significantly correlated with lymph node status. Patients with low SIRT1 expression exhibited shorter overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), and patients with combined low expression of SIRT1 and high expression of N1IC had the worse OS and DFS. Univariate and multivariate survival analysis revealed that low expression of SIRT1 and SIRT1-low/N1IC-high expression were independent prognostic factors for poor survival. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that low expression of SIRT1 or the combined low expression of SIRT1 and high expression of N1IC could be used as indicators of poor prognosis, and may represent novel therapeutic targets in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Receptor Notch1/análise , Transdução de Sinais , Sirtuína 1/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail , Fatores de Tempo , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Fatores de Transcrição/análise
10.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(19): 8279-85, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25339018

RESUMO

A meta-analysis incorporating 34 case-control studies from 19 articles involving 12,197 cases and 13,488 controls was conducted to assess the effects of three genetic variants of Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9): rs187084, rs352140, and rs5743836. Studies on associations between TLR9 polymorphisms and cancer risk were systematically searched in electronic databases. The reported odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were pooled to assess the strength of any associations. The results showed that the rs187084 polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of cancer (CC vs TC+TT: OR=1.14, 95% CI=1.02-1.28), specifically cervical cancer (C vs T: OR=1.19, 95% CI=1.05-1.34; TC vs TT: OR=1.32, 95% CI=1.10-1.58; CC vs TT: OR=1.31, 95% CI= 1.03-1.68; CC+TC vs TT: OR=1.32, 95% CI=1.11-1.56), and that this association was significantly positive in Caucasians (CC vs. TC+TT: OR=1.18, 95% CI=1.01-1.38). The rs352140 polymorphism had a protective effect on breast cancer (GA vs GG: OR=0.77, 95% CI=0.66-0.89), whereas the rs5743836 polymorphism was likely protective for digestive system cancers (CC+TC vs TT: OR=0.81, 95% CI=0.66-0.98). In conclusion, our results suggest that the rs187084 polymorphism may be associated with an elevated cancer risk, whereas polymorphisms of rs352140 and rs5743836 may play protective roles in the development of breast and digestive system cancers, respectively. From the results of this meta-analysis further large-scale case-control studies are warranted to verify associations between TLR9 polymorphisms and cancer.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Receptor Toll-Like 9/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
11.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(18): 7941-5, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25292091

RESUMO

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is involved in estrogen metabolism and is vital to estrogen-induced carcinogenesis, including that of ovarian cancer. Although many recent epidemiologic studies have investigated associations between the COMT rs4680 polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk, the results remain inconclusive. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to derive a more precise estimate of associations. Systematic searches of the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Biomedicine databases were undertaken to retrieve eligible studies. Odds ratios (ORs) with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled to assess the strength of the association. In total, 8 case-control studies involving 1,293 cases and 2,647 controls were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, the results showed no evidence of significant association between the COMT rs4680 polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk in any of the assessed genetic models. Subgroup analyses by ethnicity also did not reveal any significant association in any genetic model (p>0.05). In conclusion, our findings suggest that the COMT rs4680 polymorphism may not contribute to the risk of ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Catecol O-Metiltransferase/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
12.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 7(7): 4286-94, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25120811

RESUMO

Accumulated evidence has revealed the presence of Notch receptor polymorphisms in non-tumorous diseases; however, few studies have investigated the association of Notch polymorphisms with breast cancer risk. A total of 100 invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and 50 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) patients and 100 usual ductal hyperplasia (UDH) controls were genotyped for the following Notch receptor single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry: Notch1, rs3124591; Notch2, rs11249433; Notch3, rs3815188, and rs1043994; and Notch4, rs367398, and rs520692. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the effect of Notch polymorphisms on corresponding Notch protein expression in successfully genotyped patients. The frequency of rs3124591 TC genotype was significantly higher in IDC (24.7%, 20/81) and DCIS (30%, 12/40) patients than in UDH controls (8%, 8/97) (P = 0.002 and P = 0.011, respectively). However, the distribution of other SNP genotypes was not significantly different between IDC and DCIS patients and UDH controls. The frequency of TC genotype was significantly higher in poorly differentiated tumors than in well-differentiated and moderately differentiated tumors (P = 0.022). Importantly, a positive correlation between the rs3124591 TC genotype and high Notch1 protein expression was observed in DCIS patients (P = 0.043) but not in IDC patients. This is the first study to suggest an increased risk of IDC and DCIS of the breast for the Notch1 rs3124591 variant. Furthermore, given the inconsistent associations between the rs3124591 variant and Notch1 expression in IDC and DCIS, this variant may affect breast cancer risk through mechanisms in the latter stage other than alterations in Notch1 protein expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/genética , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
13.
J Breast Cancer ; 17(2): 149-56, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25013436

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzyme plays a central role in estrogen-induced carcinogenesis. Emerging evidence from association studies has revealed that the functional Val158Met polymorphism (rs4680 G>A) of the Catechol-O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) has been implicated in susceptibility to breast cancer in the Chinese population, while results of individual published studies remain inconclusive and inconsistent. To assess this association in the Chinese population, a meta-analysis was performed. METHODS: Eligible studies were searched on MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and the Chinese Biomedicine Database. Odds ratios (ORs) with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled to assess the association between COMT polymorphisms and the risk of breast cancer using RevMan 5.2 and Stata 12.0 software. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 14 eligible studies, with a total of 4,626 breast cancer cases and 5,637 controls. Overall, the COMT Val158Met polymorphism (rs4680 G>A) was significantly associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in several genetic models (A/A vs. G/G: OR, 1.59, 95% CI, 1.12-2.27; A/A vs. G/A+G/G: OR, 1.62, 95% CI, 1.14-2.29; A vs. G: OR, 1.15, 95% CI, 1.00-1.32), and a subgroup analysis according to menopausal status showed that this association was especially evident among premenopausal Chinese women (A/A vs. G/G: OR, 1.87, 95% CI, 0.99-3.54; A/A vs. G/A+G/G: OR, 1.94, 95% CI, 1.03-3.63). CONCLUSION: The results of this meta-analysis indicated that COMT Val158Met variants contribute to breast cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population, particularly among premenopausal women.

14.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(11): 4513-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24969878

RESUMO

The prevalence of BRCA1 gene mutations in breast cancer differs between diverse ethnic groups. Relatively little information is known about patterns of BRCA1 mutations in early-onset breast cancer in women of Uighur or Han descent, the major ethnic populations of the Xinjiang region in China. The aim of this study was to identify BRCA1 mutations in Uighur and Han patients with early-onset (age <35 years), and sporadic breast cancer for genetic predisposition to breast cancer. For detection of BRCA1 mutations, we used a polymerase chain reaction single-stranded conformation polymorphism approach, followed by direct DNA sequencing in 22 Uighur and 13 Han women with early-onset sporadic breast cancer, and 32 women with benign breast diseases. The prevalence of BRCA1 mutations in this population was 22.9% (8/35) among early-onset sporadic breast cancer cases. Of these, 31.8% (7/22) of Uighur patients and 7.69% (1/13) of Han patients were found to have BRCA1 mutations. In 7 Uighur patients with BRCA1 mutations, there were 11 unique sequence alterations in the BRCA1 gene, including 4 clearly disease-associated mutations on exon 11 and 3 variants of uncertain clinical significance on exon 11, meanwhile 4 neutral variants on intron 20 or 2. None of the 11 BRCA1 mutations identified have been previously reported in the Breast Cancer Information Core database. These findings reflect the prevalence of BRCA1 mutations in Uighur women with early-onset and sporadic breast cancer, which will allow for provision of appropriate genetic counseling and treatment for Uighur patients in the Xinjiang region.


Assuntos
/genética , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Éxons , Mutação , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto Jovem
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