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1.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851528

RESUMO

Background: Arterial pressure volume index (API) and arterial velocity pulse index (AVI) contribute to the development of vascular damage and cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between common API/AVI trajectories and cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is unknown.Methods: A total of 488 consecutive hypertensive patients with HFpEF who repeatedly underwent API/AVI measurements were prospectively examined. We then applied API/AVI measurements into actual clinical practice. Latent mixture modeling was performed to identify API/AVI trajectories. Hazards ratios (HRs) were measured using Cox proportional hazard models.Results: We identified four distinct API/AVI trajectory patterns: low (7.6%), moderate (43.8%), high (28.9%), and very high (19.7%). Compared with the low group, higher API trajectories were associated with increased risk of total cardiovascular events (high group, adjusted HR: 2.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.97-4.26; very high group, adjusted HR: 2.46, 95%CI: 1.18-3.79). Consistently, higher AVI trajectories were also associated with a higher risk of total cardiovascular events (high group, adjusted HR: 2.58, 95%CI: 1.23-5.47; very high group, adjusted HR: 3.12, 95%CI: 1.83-6.08), compared with the low trajectory group.Conclusion: High API/AVI trajectories are strong predictors of cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients with HFpEF. Among these patients, measuring API/AVI may improve risk stratification and provide additional information to tailor treatment strategies.

3.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 74(1): 30-37, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274840

RESUMO

Oxidative stress plays a critical role in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Transient receptor potential ankyrin subtype 1 (TRPA1) has antioxidative property. In this study, we tested whether activation of TRPA1 with cinnamaldehyde protects against high-glucose-induced cardiomyocyte injury. Cinnamaldehyde remarkably decreased high-glucose-induced mitochondrial superoxide overproduction, upregulation of nitrotyrosine, P22, and P47, and apoptosis in cultured H9C2 cardiomyocytes (P < 0.01), which were abolished by a TRPA1 antagonist HC030031 (P < 0.01). Nrf2 and its induced genes heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1), and quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO-1) were slightly increased by high glucose (P < 0.01) and further upregulated by cinnamaldehyde (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Feeding with cinnamaldehyde (0.02%)-containing diet for 12 weeks significantly decreased cardiac nitrotyrosine levels (P < 0.01), fibrosis, and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy (P < 0.05), while increased expression of antioxidative enzymes (HO-1, GPx-1, NQO-1, and catalase) (P < 0.01) in the myocardial tissue of db/db diabetic mice. These results suggest that cinnamaldehyde protects against high-glucose-induced oxidative damage of cardiomyocytes likely through the TRPA1/Nrf2 pathway.

4.
Angiology ; 70(10): 960-968, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871333

RESUMO

There is a lack of studies that evaluate the association between normal weight central obesity and subsequent outcomes in patients with premature acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We evaluated 338 consecutive male patients (aged ≤ 55 years) with premature ACS. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). We compared the hazard ratios (HRs) in patients with and without normal weight central obesity using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models. All-cause mortality (16.8%) of patients with normal weight central obesity was much higher than those (7.1%) without normal weight central obesity (P = .008). The incidence of MACCE in patients with and without normal weight central obesity were 40.7 and 23.6% (P = .001), respectively. After multivariable adjustment, the risks of all-cause mortality and MACCE were significantly higher in patients with normal weight central obesity than those without normal weight central obesity (adjusted HR: 1.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-3.31; P = .004 and adjusted HR: 1.62; 95% CI: 1.18-2.27; P = .017, respectively). In conclusion, the risks of all-cause mortality and MACCE were significantly higher in male patients with premature ACS with normal weight central obesity than in those without normal weight central obesity.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/mortalidade , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Causas de Morte , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
5.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729525

RESUMO

The Tiaopi Huxin recipe (TPHXR) is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the clinical treatment of coronary heart disease. However, the mechanism of TPHXR treatment of atherosclerosis (AS) has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we have aimed to explore the potential antiatherosclerotic effect of TPHXR and its underlying mechanisms. Male ApoE knockout (ApoE-/- ) mice were fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks and were randomly divided into four groups: the control group, and the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose TPHXR groups. The nitric oxide (NO) levels in arterial tissue and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were measured by diaminofluorescein-2 diacetate staining. Vasorelaxation of mice aorta was performed by wire myograph. Inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), hs-CRP, IL-6, and IL-1ß, in mice plasma were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Western blot analysis was applied to observe protein expression. Oil Red O staining was utilized for the quantification of atherosclerotic plaques. Results showed that 4 weeks of high- and medium-dose TPHXR treatment by oral gavage reduced atheromatous lesions in ApoE -/- mice. The high- and medium-dose TPHXR treatment, but not the low-dose treatment, promoted eNOS phosphorylation, increased NO levels and improved endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in ApoE -/- mice. High- and medium-dose TPHXR, but not low-dose TPHXR, decreased the expression of cav-1, NF-κB p50, NF-κB p65, ICAM1, VCAM-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß in the vasculature of ApoE -/- mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis indicated that high- and medium-dose TPHXR decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, hs-CRP, and IL-1ß. In conclusion, our findings show that TPHXR improved the endothelial function and reduced atheromatous lesions in ApoE -/- mice. This result may be due to the decreased expression of caveolin-1 and NF-κB and, hence, the attenuated inflammatory response in AS mice vasculature. TPHXR may represent a promising intervention in patients with AS.

6.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 50(3): 1164-1177, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30355936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bleeding complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are strongly associated with adverse patient outcomes. However, there are no specific guidelines for the predictors and management of antiplatelet-related bleeding complications in Chinese elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 237 consecutive patients (aged ≥ 75 years) with ACS who had undergone successful PCI from January 2010 to December 2016 was performed to identify predictors and management of antiplatelet-related bleeding complications. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate independent predictors of antiplatelet-related bleeding complications. We defined antiplatelet-related bleeding complications as first hospitalization received long-term oral antiplatelet therapy and required hospitalization, including gastrointestinal and intracranial bleedings. RESULTS: After multivariable adjustment, independent risk predictors of antiplatelet-related bleeding complications included female gender (odds ratio [OR]: 2.96; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.98 to 4.15; P = 0.011), body mass index (OR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.94; P = 0.034), previous history of bleeding (OR: 4.03; 95% CI: 1.84 to 6.12; P = 0.004), fasting blood glucose (OR: 2.79; 95% CI: 1.23 to 4.46; P = 0.025), and chronic total occlusion lesion (OR: 4.69; 95% CI: 2.19 to 7.93; P = 0.007). Of 46 patients with antiplatelet-related bleeding complications, 54.3% were treated short-term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) cessation (0-7 days) and 45.7% underwent long-term DAPT cessation (> 7 days). Among these, 14 patients presented major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), whereas no re-bleeding happened over all available follow-up. The incidence of MACCE was not significantly different between the two groups one year after PCI (36.0% for short-term DAPT cessation versus 23.8% for long-term DAPT cessation, P = 0.522). CONCLUSION: For elderly patients with ACS, multiple factors were likely to contribute to antiplatelet-related bleeding complications, especially previous history of bleeding and chronic total occlusion lesion. Better individualized, tailored and risk-adjusted antiplatelet therapy after PCI is urgently needed in this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/patologia , Idoso , Glicemia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
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