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1.
Org Lett ; 25(1): 93-98, 2023 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546834

RESUMO

The construction of molecular skeletons and modification of molecules using widely available and easily prepared alcohols as radical precursors for coupling reactions are significant and challenging subjects. We herein report a straightforward strategy for the dehydrogenative ring-opening alkenylation of cycloalkanols with alkenes by combining a proton-coupled electron transfer strategy and a dual photoredox and cobalt catalysis system. With this approach, a series of distally unsaturated ketones were obtained in 17-83% yields with high E selectivity.


Assuntos
Álcoois , Prótons , Humanos , Transporte de Elétrons , Catálise , Alcenos , Cobalto
2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 2020-2029, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534025

RESUMO

We report a method for the directed self-assembly (DSA) of block copolymers (BCPs) in which a first BCP film deploys homopolymer brushes, or "inks", that sequentially graft onto the substrate's surface via the interpenetration of polymer molecules during the thermal annealing of the polymer film on top of existing polymer brushes. By selecting polymer "inks" with the desired chemistry and appropriate relative molecular weights, it is possible to use brush interpenetration as a powerful technique to generate self-registered chemical contrast patterns at the same frequency as that of the domains of the BCP. The result is a process with a higher tolerance to dimensional and chemical imperfections in the guiding patterns, which we showcase by implementing DSA using homopolymer brushes for the guiding features as opposed to more robust cross-linkable mats. We find that the use of "inks" does not compromise the line width roughness, and the quality of the DSA as a lithographic mask is verified by implementing a robust "dry lift-off" pattern transfer.

3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 5733-5746, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36474529

RESUMO

Introduction: Kochiae Fructus has been widely used in Chinese Herbal medicine to treat various diseases. We report a rapid and eco-friendly approach for cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles (NPs) synthesis using the extract of medicinally important plant "Kochiae Fructus", and the synthesized NPs were named KF-CeO2 NPs. Methods: Various spectroscopic approaches such as transmission electron microscope (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and energy-dispersive X-Ray (EDX) were used to characterize the KF-CeO2 NPs effectively. The antibacterial and biofilm inhibition activity of KF-CeO2 NPs against Gram-positive and Gram-negative multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria was determined using the serial dilution method and XTT assay. KF-CeO2 NPs were assessed for anticancer activity against HeLa cancer cells using an MTT assay. Cytobiocompatibility was determined in two normal cell lines (3T3 and hMSC). Results and Discussion: The average size of the KF-CeO2 NPs was 11.3 ± 3.9 nm with spherical morphology. KF-CeO2 NPs demonstrated a greater than 95% bactericidal efficacy against MDR microorganisms. In addition, KF-CeO2 NPs strongly suppressed (more than 79%) the biofilms of MDR bacteria, indicating their potential for addressing antibiotic resistance issues. Compared to Kochiae Fructus extract and CH-CeO2 NPs, they exhibited significant cytotoxic effects (35.60% cell viability) on HeLa cancer cells. In addition, the KF-CeO2 NPs were shown to be highly biocompatible with hMSC and 3T3 cell lines (85.13% and 81.17% cell viability, respectively), suggesting that they may be employed in biological systems. Conclusion: These data indicate that KF-CeO2 NPs synthesized using Kochiae Fructus extract are promising alternative treatments for MDR. In addition, this study will give the potential for the sustained development of biocompatible NPs with enhanced biological capabilities derived from vital pharmaceutical plants.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(24): 10009-10026, 2022 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541909

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic disease dominated by inflammatory synovitis. RA synovial macrophages tend undergo M1-type macrophage polarization. Then, polarized M1-type macrophages secrete abundant pro-inflammatory cytokines, causing joint and cartilage destruction. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation modification, circular RNA (circRNA), microRNA (miRNA), messenger RNA (mRNA), etc. are involved in the inflammatory response of RA. We found that there is an imbalance of inflammatory polarization in RA, which is manifested by a sharp increase in inflammatory markers and a high inflammatory response. Here, we show that RA was closely associated with low expression of circ_0066715. The overexpression of circ_0066715 significantly increased the ETS1 levels in RA-FLS cells, decreased cytokine secretion by M1-type macrophages, elevated M2-type cytokines, and inhibited FLS proliferation. Interestingly, the overexpression of miR-486-5p significantly suppressed the attenuation of the cell function and the effect on M1 macrophage polarization caused by circ_0066715 positive expression. WTAP may be involved in the methylation process of ETS1 in RA. ETS1 m6A methylation levels were altered upon WTAP intervention. The overexpression or interference of circ_0066715 decreased or increased WTAP expression. Our findings provide a novel circRNA/miRNA/mRNA regulatory axis and m6A regulatory mechanism involved in the process of RA macrophage polarization, thereby providing a powerful diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for RA treatment.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , MicroRNAs , Humanos , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica c-ets-1/genética , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica c-ets-1/metabolismo
5.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7956, 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575177

RESUMO

The application of membrane electrode assemblies is considered a promising approach for increasing the energy efficiency of conventional alkaline water electrolysis. However, previous investigations have mostly focused on improving membrane conductivity and electrocatalyst activity. This study reports an all-in-one membrane electrode assembly obtained by de novo design. The introduction of a porous membrane readily enables the oriented intergrowth of ordered catalyst layers using solvothermal methods, leading to the formation of an all-in-one MEA for alkaline water electrolysis. This all-in-one MEA features ordered catalyst layers with large surface areas, a low-tortuosity pore structure, integrated catalyst layer/membrane interfaces, and a well-ordered OH- transfer channel. Owing to this design, a high current density of 1000 mA cm-2 is obtained at 1.57 V in 30 wt% KOH, resulting in a 94% energy efficiency. This work highlights the prospects of all-in-one membrane electrode assemblies in designing next-generation high-performance alkaline water electrolysis.

6.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(12): 1063-1068, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36585227

RESUMO

Objective To screen key genes and signaling pathways in macrophages from patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) by bioinformatics. Methods Download the gene chip of synovial macrophages of RA patients from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, obtain differentially expressed genes through the GEO2R function, and use the search tool for the retrival of interacting genes/proteins (STRING) database to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Enrichment analysis was performed on key genes in Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomics (KEGG). Results By integrating 3 gene chip datasets, 87 differentially expressed genes were obtained, and 10 key genes were further obtained. The enrichment analysis found that key genes were associated with leukocyte migration, macrophage differentiation, platelet degranulation, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity. Other biological processes are closely related to phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) signaling. Conclusion Key genes of macrophages in RA patients are associated with inflammatory response and may be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(45): e31679, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397453

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive occlusion of the internal carotid artery and the secondary formation of collateral vessels. Bypass surgery is an effective treatment for MMD. Comprehensive evaluation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular response (CVR) is the common hemodynamic indication to surgery, the changes of which are usually identical. THE PATIENTS MAIN CONCERNS AND IMPORTANT EXAMINATIONS: We reported a rare case of MMD in a 34-year-old pregnant woman with transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) for 1 month, manifesting as frequent weakness in right limbs for several minutes without obvious cause. The diagnostic digital subtraction angiography (DSA) examination revealed Suzuki Grade I in left side and Grade IV in right side under modified Suzuki scoring. No-hyperventilation test single-photon emission computed tomography (no-HVT SPECT) showed more decreased CBF in the right side of the brain, but HVT SPECT demonstrated a more impaired CVR on the left side. Comprehensively, which side should be operated on is confusing when the changes of CVR and CBF are inconsistent. THE MAIN DIAGNOSIS, THERAPEUTICS INTERVENTIONS, AND OUTCOMES: The patient was diagnosed with bilateral MMD and underwent combined bypass surgery on the left side of the brain. The symptoms of admission were completely relieved after surgery and there were no further cerebrovascular events during the follow-up period of 4 months. CONCLUSION: CVR is a primary surgical indication of MMD, especially when the impairment of CVR and CBF are not consistent in the ipsilateral hemisphere. Meanwhile, HVT is the vital vasoactive challenges test for measuring CVR in MMD.


Assuntos
Doença de Moyamoya , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Doença de Moyamoya/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Moyamoya/cirurgia , Doença de Moyamoya/complicações , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Angiografia Digital
8.
Nat Mater ; 21(12): 1426-1433, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357686

RESUMO

The ability to impart multiple covarying properties into a single material represents a grand challenge in manufacturing. In the design of block copolymers (BCPs) for directed self-assembly and nanolithography, materials often balance orthogonal properties to meet constraints related to processing, structure and defectivity. Although iterative synthesis strategies deliver BCPs with attractive properties, identifying materials with all the required attributes has been difficult. Here we report a high-throughput synthesis and characterization platform for the discovery and optimization of BCPs with A-block-(B-random-C) architectures for lithographic patterning in semiconductor manufacturing. Starting from a parent BCP and using thiol-epoxy 'click' chemistry, we synthesize a library of BCPs that cover a large and complex parameter space. This allows us to readily identify feature-size-dependent BCP chemistries for 8-20-nm-pitch patterns. These blocks have similar surface energies for directed self-assembly, and control over the segregation strength to optimize the structure (favoured at higher segregation strengths) and defectivity (favoured at lower segregation strengths).


Assuntos
Polímeros , Projetos de Pesquisa , Semicondutores , Compostos de Sulfidrila
9.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2022: 4766992, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330380

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification is the most prevalent chemical modification in eukaryotic mRNA and is associated with the development of various immune diseases. However, the role of m6A methylation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development is unclear. We preliminarily explored the role of m6A methylation-related mRNAs in RA for its clinical application. The discovery of m6A methylation-modifying genes in this study may provide a fresh perspective on the development of drugs for RA treatment. High-throughput sequencing combined with methylated RNA immunoprecipitation (MeRIP-seq) and RNA sequencing were used to assess whole-transcriptome m6A modifications in the synovium of patients with RA. The relationship between m6A-modified target genes and RA inflammation and macrophages was determined. The expression of the m6A-modified significant transcript-enriched inflammatory signaling pathway was assessed through animal experiments. Differentially expressed m6A genes were correlated with macrophage activation involved in immune response, vascular endothelium, MAPK signaling pathway, PI3K - Akt signaling pathway, and other inflammatory processes. Furthermore, combined analysis with m6A-seq and RNA-seq revealed 120 genes with significant changes in both m6A modification and mRNA expression. We selected the top 3 candidate mRNAs that were upregulated and downregulated simultaneously. The expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) mRNA and protein in RA patients was lower than that in healthy control (HC). SHC-binding protein 1 (SHCBP1) and neurexophilin-3 (NXPH3) mRNA expressions were increased in RA patients. The expression of M1 macrophages was increased in RA patients. RA markers are such as rheumatoid factor (RF) and peptide containing citrulline (CCP). Further animal experiments showed that the expression of synovial MAPK, PI3K, and Akt1 proteins in the RA model was increased, and the PTEN, p-PTEN protein expression was decreased. PI3K, Akt1, PTEN, and p-PTEN were correlated to RA joint inflammation. This study revealed a unique pattern of differential m6A methylation modifications in RA and concluded that m6A modification is related to the occurrence of RA synovial inflammation.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Transcriptoma , Animais , Metilação , Transcriptoma/genética , Adenosina/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inflamação/genética
10.
Pak J Med Sci ; 38(7): 1832-1837, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246720

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of punctate skin grafting combined with or without irrigation on skin graft survival, redness and swelling score and pain in the treatment of large-area residual burn wounds. Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 102 patients with large-area burns treated in Huangshi Central Hospital from May 2017 to May 2020. According to different treatment methods, they were divided into combination group (treated with punctate skin grafting combined with irrigation) and grafting group (mainly treated with punctate skin grafting). The positive rate of bacterial culture of wound secretions, pain score and redness and swelling score were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Additionally, linear logistic analysis of the influencing factors was carried out. Results: The positive rate of bacterial culture of wound secretions decreased to 29.4% in the combination group and 49.0% in the grafting group (p< 0.05). The skin graft survival rate of the combination group was (82.17 ± 7.44) %, which was higher than that of the grafting group (61.53 ± 7.46) %, the wound healing time was (14.56 ± 3.51) d, which was shorter than that of the grafting group (21.36 ± 4.69) d, and the pain score (3.26 ± 0.36) and redness and swelling score (1.16 ± 0.68) were lower than those of the grafting group (4.79± 0.46) and (2.56 ± 0.85), respectively (all p< 0.05). The wound healing time was positively correlated with pain score (r = 0.767, p< 0.05) and redness and swelling score (r = 0.672, p< 0.05), while negatively correlated with skin graft survival rate (r= -0.289, P<0.01), meeting linear equation y = -8.451 + 4.542a + 0.087b + 1.012c (a, pain score; b, skin graft survival rate; c, redness and swelling score). Conclusions: Punctate skin grafting combined with irrigation in the treatment of large-area residual burn wounds presents great effects on skin graft survival, redness and swelling score and pain, and is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

11.
Lancet Respir Med ; 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transbronchial mediastinal cryobiopsy is a novel sampling technique for mediastinal disease. Despite the possibility of lung cancer misdiagnosis, the improved diagnostic yield of this approach for non-lung-cancer lesions compared with standard endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) highlights its diagnostic potential as a complementary technique to conventional biopsy. We aimed to evaluate the safety profile and added value of the combined use of transbronchial mediastinal cryobiopsy and standard EBUS-TBNA for the diagnosis of mediastinal diseases. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, randomised trial at three hospital sites in Europe and Asia. Eligible patients were aged 15 years or older, with at least one mediastinal lesion of 1 cm or longer in the short axis that required diagnostic bronchoscopy. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) using a block randomisation scheme generated by a computer (block size of four participants based on a random table from an independent statistician) to the combined use of EBUS-TBNA and transbronchial mediastinal cryobiopsy (combined group) or EBUS-TBNA alone (control group). Because of the nature of the intervention, neither participants nor investigators were masked to group assignment. The coprimary outcomes were differences in procedure-related complications and diagnostic yield (defined as the proportion of participants for whom mediastinal biopsy led to a definitive diagnosis), assessed in the full analysis set, including all the patients who met the eligibility criteria and had a biopsy. A fully paired, intraindividual diagnostic analysis in participants who had both needle aspiration and mediastinal cryobiopsy was conducted, in addition to interindividual comparisons. This trial is now complete and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04572984. FINDINGS: Between Oct 12, 2020, and Sept 9, 2021, 297 consecutive patients were assessed for eligibility and 271 were enrolled and randomly assigned to the combined group (n=136) or the control group (n=135). The addition of cryobiopsy to standard sampling significantly increased the overall diagnostic yield for mediastinal lesions, as shown by both interindividual (126 [93%] of 136 participants in the combined group vs 109 [81%] of 135 in the control group; risk ratio [RR] 1·15 [95% CI 1·04-1·26]; p=0·0039) and intraindividual (126 [94%] of 134 vs 110 [82%] of 134; RR 1·15 [95% CI 1·05-1·25]; p=0·0026) analyses. In subgroup analyses in the intraindividual population, diagnostic yields were similar for mediastinal metastasis (68 [99%] of 69 participants in the combined group vs 68 [99%] of 69 in the control group; RR 1·00 [95% CI 0·96-1·04]; p=1·00), whereas the combined approach was more sensitive than standard needle aspiration in benign disorders (45 [94%] of 48 vs 32 [67%] of 48; RR 1·41 [95% CI 1·14-1·74]; p=0·0009). The combined approach also resulted in an improved suitability of tissue samples for molecular and immunological analyses of non-small-cell lung cancer. The incidence of adverse events related to the biopsy procedure did not differ between trial groups, as grade 3-4 airway bleeding occurred in three (2%) patients in the combined group and two (1%) in the control group (RR 0·67 [95% CI 0·11-3·96]; p=1·00). There were no severe complications causing death or disability. INTERPRETATION: The addition of mediastinal cryobiopsy to standard EBUS-TBNA resulted in a significant improvement in diagnostic yield for mediastinal lesions, with a good safety profile. These data suggest that this combined approach is a valid first-line diagnostic tool for mediastinal diseases. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China.

12.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 271, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increased global incidence of myopia requires the establishment of therapeutic approaches. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Fallopia Japonica (FJ) and Prunella vulgaris (PV) extract on myopia caused by monocular form deprivation (MFD). METHODS: We used human retinal pigment epithelial cell to study the molecular mechanisms on how FJ extract (FJE) and PV extract (PVE) lowering the inflammation of the eye. The effect of FJE and PVE in MFD induced hamster model and explore the role of inflammation cytokines in myopia. RESULTS: FJE + PVE reduced IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α expression in RPE cells. Furthermore, FJE and PVE inhibited inflammation by attenuating the phosphorylation of protein kinase B (AKT), and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B (NF-κB) pathway. In addition, we report two resveratrol + ursolic acid compounds from FJ and PV and their inhibitory activities against IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α expression levels in RPE cells treated with IL-6 and TNF-α. FJE, PVE, and FJE + PVE were applied to MFD hamsters and their axial length was measured after 21 days. The axial length showed statistically significant differences between phosphate-buffered saline- and FJE-, PVE-, and FJE + PVE-treated MFD eyes. FJE + PVE suppressed expressions of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α. They also inhibited myopia-related transforming growth factor-beta (TGF)-ß1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and NF-κB expression while increasing type I collagen expression. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these results suggest that FJE + PVE may have a therapeutic effect on myopia and be used as a potential treatment option.


Assuntos
Fallopia japonica , Miopia , Prunella , Animais , Colágeno Tipo I , Cricetinae , Fallopia japonica/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8 , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Miopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/etiologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosfatos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Resveratrol , Pigmentos da Retina , Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
Opt Lett ; 47(19): 4917-4920, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181150

RESUMO

This study successfully implements spectrally distinguishable CdSe-ZnS core-shell colloidal quantum dot (CQD) microlasers by a simple, efficient spray printing technique and demonstrates its potential in biosensing. We have systematically characterized the optical properties of printed microring lasers with diameters less than 60 µm. The smallest structure that can be excited has a diameter as small as 30 µm, which is much smaller than the counterparts prepared by piezoelectric ink-jet printing. The detection sensitivity of 4.54 nm/min/refractive index unit is verified in glucose sensing using a printed CQD microlaser. Biosensing of diverse glucose and bovine serum albumin solutions using printed microlasers with the assistance of defects demonstrates a new, to the best of our knowledge, prototype for the development of high-performance, low-cost on-chip microcavity sensors.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Glucose , Lasers , Pontos Quânticos/química , Refratometria , Soroalbumina Bovina
14.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 44(9): 4303-4313, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135208

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to investigate whether chronic retinal inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of form-deprivation myopia (FDM) using tree shrews as an animal model. Twenty-one tree shrews were randomly divided into 7-day/14-day FDM (FDM7/FDM14) groups and their corresponding 7-day/14-day control groups. Refraction and axial length were measured. To determine the effects of form deprivation on inflammation, we used real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry to assess the expression levels of several proinflammatory cytokines. At day 0, the eyes in the FDM and control groups were hyperopic. However, after 7 and 14 days of form deprivation, the refractive error of the eyes in the FDM7 and FDM14 groups shifted from +6.6 ± 0.3 diopters (D) to +4.0 ± 0.5 D and from +6.4 ± 0.3 D to +5.0 ± 0.3 D, respectively. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and nuclear factor κB were increased in the FDM eyes, compared with those in the control eyes. The increase in matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression was greater in the FDM eyes than in the contralateral and control eyes, whereas collagen type I expression was downregulated. In conclusion, chronic inflammation may play a crucial pathogenic role in form-deprivation myopia in tree shrews.

15.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(16): 900, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111039

RESUMO

Background: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is the most common primary osteoporosis, which is prone to fractures and affect the health and quality of life of the elderly and even shorten their lifetime. Traditional Chinese medicine can not only effectively improve osteoporosis and reduce fracture rate, but also have tonifying and analgesic effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Zhuanggu Zhitong (ZGZT) Capsule on autophagy related genes and proteins in PMOP rats, so as to elucidate the molecular mechanism of tonifying deficiency and regulating stasis in the treatment of osteoporosis and analgesia. Methods: The PMOP rat model was established by bilateral oophorectomy, and then the rats were randomly divided into control group, PMOP group, PMOP + ZGZT group and PMOP + E2 group. The changes of mechanical pain threshold of rats were detected by von Frey filaments, and the changes of mechanical pain threshold of rats in each group were compared. Computed tomography (CT) and dual-energy X-ray were used to measure the bone mineral density of lumbar bone tissue. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining were used to detect inflammatory factors and bone metabolism related indicators. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the tissue morphology of lumbar vertebra tissue. Western blot (WB) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to detect AMPK/mTOR pathway- and autophagy-related factor expression. Results: ZGZT can effectively restore the bone mineral density (BMD) of PMOP rats, improve the microstructure of lumbar vertebra of PMOP rats, restore the balance of bone metabolism, promote the expression of AMPK and autophagy related factors, inhibit the expression of mTOR and the release of inflammatory factors, and increase the mechanical pain threshold of PMOP rats, so as to effectively improve osteoporosis and relieving osteoporosis pain in PMOP rats. Conclusions: ZGZT affects autophagy by regulating AMPK/mTOR pathway, restores the homeostasis of bone metabolism and inhibits the release of inflammatory factors. Moreover, the regulation of feedback pathways between bone metabolism and inflammatory factors finally plays the role of "bone strengthening" and "pain relieving". ZGZT may be a new treatment for PMOP and relieving osteoporotic pain.

16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 153: 113489, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076507

RESUMO

Certain herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine may produce a growth-enhancing effect by promoting the secretion of growth hormone (GH) by the pituitary gland or mimicking the function of GH. In this study, we aimed to identify herbs that could serve as GH alternatives. A reporter gene assay for GH was developed, and 100 different herbal extracts were assayed. We found that Rhizoma Anemarrhenae (RA) water extracts exhibited transactivation activities that stimulate the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5). The growth-promoting effect of RA in NB2-11 cells was inhibited by co-treatment with GH receptor (GHR)-Fc fusion protein. Unlike GH, RA extracts did not enhance the growth of B16F10 melanoma cells. The activation of the Janus kinase 2-STAT5 signaling pathway was confirmed in both NB2-11 cells and WI-38 human normal lung fibroblasts; the activation was inhibited by co-treatment with GHR-Fc fusion protein. Docking analysis of the active ingredients of RA, including mangiferin, neomangiferin, isomangiferin, anemarsaponin E, 7-O-methylmangiferin, officinalisinin I, timosaponin BII, timosaponin AI, and timosaponin AIII, using SWISSDOCK indicated a direct interaction of these compounds with GHR. The growth-promoting effects and activation of STAT5 were also confirmed. Moreover, we found that RA extract significantly increased the height of the tibial growth plate and stimulated the production of insulin-like growth factor 1 in the serum, liver, and muscle tissues. Our findings provide evidence that herbal extracts, particularly, RA extracts, can promote growth by mimicking GH bioactivity.


Assuntos
Anemarrhena , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hormônio do Crescimento , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hormônio do Crescimento/farmacologia , Humanos , Receptores da Somatotropina/genética , Receptores da Somatotropina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo
17.
Opt Lett ; 47(15): 3808-3811, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913320

RESUMO

This Letter presents the first, to the best of our knowledge, thin-film lithium niobate-chalcogenide based microring acousto-optic modulator where an interdigital transducer and a chalcogenide strip waveguide are integrated on X-cut thin-film lithium niobate. The microring resonator exhibits a high loaded quality factor of 5 × 105. The developed hybrid acousto-optic modulator with an interaction length of 120 µm demonstrates an effective half-wave voltage of only 1.74 V, which corresponds to a voltage-length product of 0.02 V•cm. The performance of the acousto-optic modulator demonstrated on the unsuspended thin-film lithium niobate-chalcogenide waveguide platform is on par with that obtained from an acoustic cavity assisted homogeneous lithium niobate counterpart.

18.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 908043, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35983518

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a common bone metabolic disease among the middle-aged and elderly, with its high incidence rate and a major cause of disability and mortality. Early studies found that bone metabolic homeostasis is achieved through osteogenesis-osteoclast coupling. Although current anti-osteoporosis drugs can attenuate bone loss caused by aging, they present specific side effects. With the discovery of CD31hi Emcnhi blood vessels in 2014, the effect of H-type blood vessels on bone metabolism has been valued by researchers, and the ternary regulation theory of bone metabolism of "Angiogenesis-Osteoclast-Osteogenesis" has also been recognized. Nowadays, more studies have confirmed that peripheral nerves substantially impact bone metabolism. However, due to the complex function of peripheral nerves, the crosstalk mechanism of "Peripheral nerve-Angiogenesis-Osteoclast-Osteogenesis" has not yet been fully revealed. Neuropeptide serves as signaling molecules secreted by peripheral nerves that regulate blood vessels, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts' functions. It is likely to be the breakthrough point of the quaternary regulation theory of "Peripheral nerve-Angiogenesis-Osteoclast-Osteogenesis". Here, we discuss the effect of peripheral nerves on osteoporosis based on neuropeptides.


Assuntos
Neuropeptídeos , Osteoporose , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/etiologia , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Nervos Periféricos
19.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7082914, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942450

RESUMO

In today's world, almost every domain has certain and mandatory requirements to understand at least one of the programming languages which is defined as a way of interaction with a computer to resolve real world problems or more specifically for the implementation of algorithms. Language programming is a course with strong theory and practice. In view of the fact that C language beginners in colleges and universities generally report that it is difficult to learn well due to various reasons. Therefore, in this paper, we have discussed the development and teaching of interactive virtual animation of C language programs. The proposed approach relies on a typical recursive algorithm case to analyze the teaching strategy of virtual algorithm animation brought into the classroom, the application in the algorithm teaching of C language and the teaching strategy in improving students' understanding of abstract knowledge using computer C language program interactive virtual animation development and implementation of the teaching system is the research content. According to the basic flow of the interactive virtual algorithm of the C language program, a reasonable system structure design is carried out.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Linguagens de Programação , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Ensino , Universidades
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