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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052431

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs), a kind of small noncoding RNAs, are considered able to regulate expression of genes and mediate RNA silencing. miR-129-5p was shown to be a cancer-related miRNA. However, the influence of miR-129-5p in rectal adenocarcinoma (READ) development remains to be determined. Based on the TCGA data, downregulation of miR-129-5p in READ samples was observed. Manual restoration of the miR-129-5p in SW1463 and SW480 cell lines significantly inhibited invasion, migration, and proliferation of READ cell lines, while the apoptosis ability was enhanced. Meanwhile, we found E2F7 acted as a potential target of miR-129-5p and was upregulated in READ samples. E2F7 upregulation reversed the repression of miR-129-5p on READ development. Finally, in vivo experiments showed that inhibition of tumor growth in nude mice was achieved through upregulating miR-129-5p. Overall, our findings suggest increasing of miR-129-5p leads to the suppression of READ progression through regulating the expression of E2F7, which may provide novel insights into the treatment of READ.

2.
ChemSusChem ; 13(1): 88-96, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638336

RESUMO

The reliable and accurate quantification of ammonia in electrochemical and photochemical experiments has been a technical challenge owing to the extremely low concentration of generated ammonia, interference from trace amounts of cations and organic compounds, and ammonia contamination from various sources. As a result, overestimation and significant errors may happen in many research works. Herein, accuracy and precision of ion chromatography (IC) are evaluated at different pH; excellent performance with a low detection limit (<2 µg L-1 ) under acidic and neutral conditions is found, whereas the linearity is unsatisfactory in the low NH4 + concentration range (0-100 µg L-1 ) under alkaline conditions. High concentrations of Li+ and Na+ are difficult to separate from NH4 + in conventional IC, but this can be solved by employing a high-exchange-capacity column or gradient elution. The interference effects of 14 common transition metal cations and 6 common organic compounds on the quantification of ammonium with low-level concentration (500 µg L-1 ) using IC are systematically investigated, and the results demonstrate good robustness. The overestimation caused by ammonia contamination from reagent water, surroundings, and even the analytical grade of inorganic and organic reagents are confirmed and the results indicate the necessity to prepare and test fresh electrolyte solutions before each experiment, owing to the high sensitivity of acidic and neutral solutions to ammonia contamination from the surroundings. The ammonization of a Nafion membrane during experiments and the underestimation in quantification are also discussed. Finally, a reliable level of synthesized ammonia is identified and some recommendations are presented to improve the reliability and accuracy of ammonia quantification.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 91-96, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) patients with comorbid anxiety symptoms showed obvious cognitive deficits. However, it remains unclear whether comorbid anxiety symptoms will make a specific contribution to cognitive deficits in MDD. METHODS: Executive function, processing speed, attention and memory were assessed in 162 MDD patients, and 142 healthy controls (HCs) by a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. 14-item Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) was used for anxiety symptoms and MDD patients with HAM-A total score >14 were classified into MDD with comorbid anxiety (MDDA) group. A multivariate analysis of covariance and regression models was conducted to evaluate the effects of anxiety symptoms on cognitive deficits. RESULTS: There were no significantly differences in all 4 cognitive domains between MDD alone and MDDA patients (all p < 0.05). In MDDA subgroup, HAM-A total score contributed to executive function and memory (both p < 0.05), while HAM-A psychic symptoms contributed to all 4 domains (all p < 0.05). Moreover, after controlling for the severity of depression, either anxiety symptoms shown as HAMA total score or psychic anxiety symptoms only contributed significantly to the executive function performance. LIMITATIONS: The cross-sectional design made it hard to acquire a cognitive performance trajectory accompanied by the fluctuations in anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that there is no significant difference in cognitive performance between MDD alone and MDDA patients. However, comorbid anxiety, especially psychic anxiety may contribute to extensive cognitive deficits in MDDA patients. Notably, anxiety symptoms only independently triggered executive dysfunction when eliminating effect of the severity of depression.

4.
Front Psychiatry ; 10: 836, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798480

RESUMO

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with a wide range of cognitive deficits. However, it remains unclear whether there will be a major cognitive deficit independently caused by depression at acute episodes of MDD. Method: A comprehensive neurocognitive test battery was used to assess the executive function, processing speed, attention, and memory in 162 MDD patients and 142 healthy controls (HCs). A multivariate analysis of variance, hierarchical regression analyses and general linear regression analyses were used to explore the possible major cognitive deficits and their predictor variables. Results: MDD patients showed extensive impairment in all four cognitive domains. Impairment of executive function and processing speed were found to persist even with other cognitive domains and clinical variables being accounted for. Executive function and processing speed were further predicted by total disease duration and depression severity, respectively. Conclusions: Executive function and processing speed may be two distinct major deficits at acute episodes of MDD. Furthermore, the executive function is likely originated from the cumulative effect of disease duration and processing speed is possibly derived from the temporary effect of current depressive episode.

5.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 66(6): 74-81, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802457

RESUMO

Taiwan is expected to become a "super-aged" nation in 2065. Modern medical advancements, while extending the average human lifespan, has led to higher incidence of patient suffering and greater medical expenses due to chronic disease and terminal illnesses. As the concept and services of hospice and palliative care have become increasingly accepted by the public, the issue of final care for a good death has become a priority concern for both patients and their families. Experiencing a good death at home is a common last wish for terminal patients. However, guidelines for good death at home are still unavailable in Taiwan. The promotion of this concept thus remains a challenge with many limitations. This article aims to explore: (1) the importance of hospice care; (2) the selection of a proper location for good death; (3) the requirements for nursing education in the care of dying patients; and (4) the challenges and strategies of a good death at home, including "the family dimension-connections with the family members" and "the education dimension-promotion of home-based dying in nursing education". The goal is to help terminal patients experience a good death at home, to assist family members embrace the good death of their loved ones, and, eventually, to facilitate peaceful and successful home-based dying for both the patient and their family members.


Assuntos
Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/organização & administração , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/organização & administração , Idoso , Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/educação , Humanos , Taiwan
6.
Aging Cell ; : e13090, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833196

RESUMO

Mutations in lamin A (LMNA) are responsible for a variety of human dystrophic and metabolic diseases. Here, we created a mouse model in which progerin, the lamin A mutant protein that causes Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS), can be inducibly overexpressed. Muscle-specific overexpression of progerin was sufficient to induce muscular dystrophy and alter whole-body energy expenditure, leading to premature death. Intriguingly, sarcolipin (Sln), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein involved in heat production, is upregulated in progerin-expressing and Lmna knockout (Lmna-/- ) skeletal muscle. The depletion of Sln accelerated the early death of Lmna-/- mice. An examination at the molecular level revealed that progerin recruits Sln and Calnexin to the nuclear periphery. Furthermore, progerin-expressing myoblasts presented enhanced store-operated Ca2+ entry, as well as increased co-localization of STIM1 and ORAI1. These findings suggest that progerin dysregulates calcium homeostasis through an interaction with a subset of ER-associated proteins, resulting in thermogenic and metabolic abnormalities.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876964

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a serious, life-threatening vascular disease that presents as an enlarged area of the aorta, which is the main artery that carries blood away from the heart. AAA may occur at any location in the aorta, but it is mainly found in the abdominal region. A ruptured AAA causes serious health issues, including death. Traditional imaging techniques, such as computed tomography angiogram, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound sonography, have been used to identify AAAs. Circulating biomarkers have recently become attractive for diagnosing AAAs due to their cost-effectiveness compared to imaging. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), a secreted hormone vital for human atherosclerotic plaque stability, has been found to be an efficient biomarker for AAA identification. In this report, immunosensing was performed by using an InterDigitated electrode (IDE) sensor to detect circulating levels of IGF-1. The detection limit of IGF-1 was found to be 100 fM with this sensor. Moreover, related protein controls (IGF-2 and IGFBP3) were not detected with the same antibody, indicating selective IGF-1 detection. Thus, immunosensing by using an IDE sensor may help to effectively diagnose AAAs and represents a basic platform for further development.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756774

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Strontium isotopes are valuable markers of provenance in a range of disciplines. Limited amounts of Sr in low mass samples such as insects mean that conventional Sr isotope analysis preclude its use for geographic origins in many ecological studies or in applications such as biosecurity. Here we test the viability of using ICP-MS/MS with N2 O as a reaction gas to accurately determine Sr isotopes in insects with Sr < 100 ng. METHODS: Strontium isotopes were determined in solution mode by ICP-MS/MS using 0.14 L/min N2 O as a reaction gas to convert Sr+ to SrO+ for in-line separation of 87 Sr from 87 Rb. The Sr isotope reference standard NIST SRM 987, NIST SRM 1570a and 1547 were used to assess accuracy and reproducibility. Ten insect species collected from the wild as a proof of principle application were analysed for Sr concentration and Sr isotopes. RESULTS: Using ICP-MS/MS we show for the first time that internal mass bias correction of 87 Sr16 O/86 Sr16 O of 88 Sr16 O/86 Sr16 O works to give for NIST SRM 987 a 87 Sr/86 Sr ratio of 0.7101 ± 0.012 (RSD = 0.17%) and NIST SRM 1570a a 87 Sr/86 Sr ratio of 0.7100 ± 0.009 (RSD = 0.12%), which are within error of the accepted values. The first 87 Sr/86 Sr ratio of NIST SRM 1547 is 0.7596 ± 0.0014. Strontium analyses were run on 0.8 mL of 0.25-5 ppb Sr, which equates to 2-4 ng of Sr. Strontium isotope analysis with precision of > 99.8% can be achieved with in-line separation of 87 Sr from 87 Rb at least up to solutions with 25 ppb Rb. CONCLUSIONS: A minimum of 5 mg of insect tissue is required for Sr isotope analysis. This new ICP-MS/MS method enables Sr isotope analysis in single insects, allowing population-scale studies to be feasible and applications with time-critical uses such as biosecurity possible.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1174, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680958

RESUMO

Erinacine A, which is one of the major bioactive diterpenoid compounds extracted from cultured mycelia of H. erinaceus, displays great antitumorigenic activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying erinacine A inducing cancer cell apoptosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unclear. This study found that treatment with erinacine A not only triggers the activation of extrinsic apoptosis pathways (TNFR, Fas, FasL, and caspases) but also suppresses the expression of antiapoptotic molecules Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL via a time-dependent manner in DLD-1 cells. Furthermore, phosphorylation of Jun N-terminus kinase (JNK1/2), NFκB p50, and p300 is involved in erinacine A-induced cancer cell apoptosis. Inhibition of these signaling pathways by kinase inhibitors blocks erinacine A-induced transcriptional activation implicates histone H3K9K14ac (Acetyl Lys9/Lys14) of the TNFR, Fas, and FasL as promoters. Moreover, histochemical and immunohistochemical analyses revealed that erinacine A treatment significantly induced the TNFR, Fas, and FasL levels in the in vivo xenograft mouse model. Together, these results demonstrated an increase in the cellular transcriptional levels of TNFR, Fas, and FasL by erinacine A induction to cell apoptosis via the activation of the JNK, p300, and NFκB p50 signaling modules, thereby providing a new mechanism for erinacine A treatment in vitro and in vivo.

11.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(6): 5279-5285, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638202

RESUMO

Microglia serve important roles in chronic pain signal transduction pathways. Glia cells, especially microglia, seem to share mechanisms that lead to chronic pain and morphine­induced tolerance. Evidence has suggested that downregulating cytoskeleton activity in microglia provides pain relief in chronic pain and morphine tolerance. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of ethanol extracts of Hericium erinaceus (EHE) mycelium on morphine­induced BV2 microglial cell activation. BV2 cells were starved for 4 h in DMEM before being incubated with 100 ng/ml EHE for 30 min, followed by 1 µM morphine for 2 h. Subsequently, the cells were harvested and used for migration experiments and western blotting. The results showed that 1 µM morphine enhanced BV2 cell activation and chemotactic reaction, and it increased histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) expression and heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) deacetylation as well as HSP90 cleavage. Pretreatment with 100 ng/ml EHE significantly inhibited the morphine­stimulated effects on BV2 cells. The present study demonstrated that EHE inhibited morphine­induced BV2 activations by regulating the HDAC6/HSP90 deacetylation signal transduction pathway.

12.
Cancer Med ; 8(14): 6315-6325, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486298

RESUMO

Endoscopic resection (ER) has been increasingly performed in the treatment of early gastric cancer (GC). However, lymph node metastasis (LNM) can cause treatment failure with ER, especially in T1b patients. Here, we attempted to develop a miRNA-based classifier to detect LNM in T1b patients. Based on high-throughput data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we identified 20 miRNAs whose expression significantly changed in T1-2 GC with LNM vs T1-2 GC without LNM. We then developed a miRNA signature to predict LNM of T1b GC using the LASSO model and backward step wise elimination approach in a training cohort. Furthermore, the predictive accuracy of this classifier was validated in both an internal testing group of 63 patients and an external independent group of 114 patients. This systematic and comprehensive in silico study identified a 7-miRNA signature with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) value of 0.843 in T1-2 GC and 0.911 in T1 EGC. The backward elimination was further used to develop a 4-miRNA (miR-153-3p, miR-708, miR-940 and miR-375) risk-stratification model in the training cohort with an AUROC value of 0.898 in cohort 2. When pathologic results were used as a reference, the risk model yielded AUROC values of 0.829 and 0.792 in two cohorts of endoscopic biopsy specimens. This novel miRNA-LNM classifier works better than the currently used pathologic criteria of ER in T1b EGC. This classifier could individualize the management of T1b patients and facilitate treatment decisions.

13.
EBioMedicine ; 47: 543-552, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current fMRI-based classification approaches mostly use functional connectivity or spatial maps as input, instead of exploring the dynamic time courses directly, which does not leverage the full temporal information. METHODS: Motivated by the ability of recurrent neural networks (RNN) in capturing dynamic information of time sequences, we propose a multi-scale RNN model, which enables classification between 558 schizophrenia and 542 healthy controls by using time courses of fMRI independent components (ICs) directly. To increase interpretability, we also propose a leave-one-IC-out looping strategy for estimating the top contributing ICs. FINDINGS: Accuracies of 83·2% and 80·2% were obtained respectively for the multi-site pooling and leave-one-site-out transfer classification. Subsequently, dorsal striatum and cerebellum components contribute the top two group-discriminative time courses, which is true even when adopting different brain atlases to extract time series. INTERPRETATION: This is the first attempt to apply a multi-scale RNN model directly on fMRI time courses for classification of mental disorders, and shows the potential for multi-scale RNN-based neuroimaging classifications. FUND: Natural Science Foundation of China, the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Institutes of Health Grants, National Science Foundation.

14.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396494

RESUMO

Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a self-limiting illness with acute systematic vascular inflammation. It causes pathological changes in mostly medium and small-sized arteries, especially the arteria coronaria, which adds the risk of developing coronary heart disease in adults. Materials and methods: We detected the miR-223-3p expression in 30 KD patients combined with 12 normal controls using miRNA microarrays and RT-PCR. A KD mouse model was constructed using Candida albicans water insoluble substance (CAWS). We also checked the miR-223-3p's expression using qRT-PCR. The Luciferase reporting system was implemented to validate the correlation between miR-223-3p and Interleukin-6 receptor subunit beta (IL-6ST). TNF-α was used to stimulate human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs), and miR-223-3p activator or inhibitor and KD serum were used to treat HCAECs. A Western blotting automatic quantitative analysis protein imprinting system was used to test the expression of signal transducer and the activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), phosphorylated-signal transducer and the activator of transcription 3 (pSTAT3) and NF-κB p65. Results: Clinical trials found that miR-223-3p expressions were markedly different (more than 2-fold) between the acute KD group and the control group. E-selectin and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) levels were also significantly higher (about 2-fold) in KD especially with coronary artery lesions. MiR-223-3p could alleviate vascular endothelial damage in KD mice, and IL-6 (Interleukin-6), E-selectin and ICAM-1 were simultaneously negative. The values of IL-6, E-selectin, and ICAM-1 mRNA expressions decreased, while the value of IL-6ST was increased between the agonist treated mice and KD mice. The RT-qPCR consequences displayed that miR-223-3p explored the highest expression on the third day in both the KD mice as well as the agonist group. MiR-223-3p can directly combine with IL-6ST 3' untranslatable regions (UTR) and held back the IL-6's expression. Overexpression of miR-223 down regulated IL6ST expression and decreased the expression of p-STAT3 and NF-κB p65, while the miR-223 inhibitor could reverse the above process. Conclusion: MiR-223-3p is an important regulatory factor of vascular endothelial damage in KD and could possibly become a potential target of KD treatment in the future.

15.
Br J Psychiatry ; : 1-8, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder with high heritability and polygenic inheritance. Multimodal neuroimaging studies have also indicated that abnormalities of brain structure and function are a plausible neurobiological characterisation of schizophrenia. However, the polygenic effects of schizophrenia on these imaging endophenotypes have not yet been fully elucidated.AimsTo investigate the effects of polygenic risk for schizophrenia on the brain grey matter volume and functional connectivity, which are disrupted in schizophrenia. METHOD: Genomic and neuroimaging data from a large sample of Han Chinese patients with schizophrenia (N = 509) and healthy controls (N = 502) were included in this study. We examined grey matter volume and functional connectivity via structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, respectively. Using the data from a recent meta-analysis of a genome-wide association study that comprised a large number of Chinese people, we calculated a polygenic risk score (PGRS) for each participant. RESULTS: The imaging genetic analysis revealed that the individual PGRS showed a significantly negative correlation with the hippocampal grey matter volume and hippocampus-medial prefrontal cortex functional connectivity, both of which were lower in the people with schizophrenia than in the controls. We also found that the observed neuroimaging measures showed weak but similar changes in unaffected first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that genetically influenced brain grey matter volume and functional connectivity may provide important clues for understanding the pathological mechanisms of schizophrenia and for the early diagnosis of schizophrenia.Declaration of interestNone.

16.
Stem Cells Dev ; 28(16): 1116-1127, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140357

RESUMO

Interkinetic nuclear migration (INM) is a process by which nuclei oscillate between the basal and apical surfaces of epithelial cells in coordination with the cell cycle. The cytoskeletal machinery including microtubules and actin has been reported to drive apical INM; however, the role of nuclear proteins in this process has yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the function of a SUN-domain protein, Sun1, in zebrafish. We found that zebrafish sun1 is highly expressed in the ventricular zone of the brain. Knocking down sun1 with antisense morpholino oligonucleotides reduced the abundance of nestin- and gfap-expressing neural stem cells and progenitor cells. The live-cell imaging results showed that sun1 morphant cells migrated toward the basal side during the S phase but failed to migrate apically during the G2 phase. On the contrary, the passive stochastic movement during the G2 phase was unaffected. Furthermore, down regulation of sun1 was shown to reduce the expression of genes associated with the Notch pathway, whereas the expression of genes in the Wnt pathway was less perturbed. Findings from this research suggest that the Sun1-mediated nucleo-cytoskeletal interaction contributes to apical nuclear migration, and may thus affect exposure to Notch signal, thereby altering the composition of the progenitor pool in the embryonic neurogenesis of zebrafish.

17.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217226, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100095

RESUMO

Erinacine A-enriched Hericium erinaceus mycelia is a well-established potential therapeutic agent for neurodegenerative disorders. However, the effect of erinacine A-enriched H. erinaceus mycelia on promoting longevity remains unclear. This is the first study to investigate the effect of erinacine A-enriched H. erinaceus mycelia on lifespan-prolonging activity in Drosophila melanogaster and senescence-accelerated P8 (SAMP8) mice. Two hundred D. melanogaster and 80 SAMP8 mice of both sexes were randomly divided into four groups and were administered with either the standard, low-dose, mid-dose, or high-dose erinacine A-enriched H. erinaceus mycelia. After treatment, the lifespan was measured in D. melanogaster, and the lifespan, food intake and oxidative damage were evaluated in SAMP8 mice. Results showed that supplementation with erinacine A-enriched H. erinaceus mycelia extended the lifespan in both D. melanogaster and SAMP8 by a maximum of 32% and 23%, respectively, compared to the untreated controls. Moreover, erinacine A-enriched H. erinaceus mycelia decreased TBARS levels and induced the anti-oxidative enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase. Together, these findings suggest that erinacine A-enriched H. erinaceus mycelia supplement could promote longevity, mediated partly through the induction of endogenous antioxidants enzymes.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Basidiomycota/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Micélio , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 104, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126314

RESUMO

A recent study on human structural variation indicates insufficiencies and errors in the human reference genome, GRCh38, and argues for the construction of a human pan-genome.


Assuntos
Genoma Humano , Variação Estrutural do Genoma , Genômica/normas , Humanos , Padrões de Referência
19.
ACS Synth Biol ; 8(4): 621-632, 2019 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955321

RESUMO

The mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) editing tool, zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALENs), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) system, is a promising approach for the treatment of mtDNA diseases by eliminating mutant mitochondrial genomes. However, there have been no reports of repairing the mutant mtDNA with homologous recombination strategy to date. Here, we show a mito-CRISPR/Cas9 system that mito-Cas9 protein can specifically target mtDNA and reduce mtDNA copy number in both human cells and zebrafish. An exogenous single-stranded DNA with short homologous arm was knocked into the targeting loci accurately, and this mutagenesis could be steadily transmitted to F1 generation of zebrafish. Moreover, we found some major factors involved in nuclear DNA repair were upregulated significantly by the mito-CRISPR/Cas9 system. Taken together, our data suggested that the mito-CRISPR/Cas9 system could be a useful method to edit mtDNA by knock-in strategy, providing a potential therapy for the treatment of inherited mitochondrial diseases.

20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1784, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992455

RESUMO

The incomplete identification of structural variants (SVs) from whole-genome sequencing data limits studies of human genetic diversity and disease association. Here, we apply a suite of long-read, short-read, strand-specific sequencing technologies, optical mapping, and variant discovery algorithms to comprehensively analyze three trios to define the full spectrum of human genetic variation in a haplotype-resolved manner. We identify 818,054 indel variants (<50 bp) and 27,622 SVs (≥50 bp) per genome. We also discover 156 inversions per genome and 58 of the inversions intersect with the critical regions of recurrent microdeletion and microduplication syndromes. Taken together, our SV callsets represent a three to sevenfold increase in SV detection compared to most standard high-throughput sequencing studies, including those from the 1000 Genomes Project. The methods and the dataset presented serve as a gold standard for the scientific community allowing us to make recommendations for maximizing structural variation sensitivity for future genome sequencing studies.


Assuntos
Genoma Humano/genética , Variação Estrutural do Genoma , Genômica/métodos , Haplótipos/genética , Algoritmos , Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Mutação INDEL , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos
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