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1.
J Clin Invest ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714897

RESUMO

Increases in the number of cell therapies in the preclinical and clinical phases have prompted the need for reliable and non-invasive assays to validate transplant function in clinical biomanufacturing. We developed a robust characterization methodology composed of quantitative bright-field absorbance microscopy (QBAM) and deep neural networks (DNNs) to non-invasively predict tissue function and cellular donor identity. The methodology was validated using clinical-grade induced pluripotent stem cell derived retinal pigment epithelial cells (iPSC-RPE). QBAM images of iPSC-RPE were used to train DNNs that predicted iPSC-RPE monolayer transepithelial resistance, predicted polarized vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion, and matched iPSC-RPE monolayers to the stem cell donors. DNN predictions were supplemented with traditional machine learning algorithms that identified shape and texture features of single cells that were used to predict tissue function and iPSC donor identity. These results demonstrate non-invasive cell therapy characterization can be achieved with QBAM and machine learning.

2.
Lung ; 197(6): 741-751, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705271

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The value of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) for resected stage IIIA-N2 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is controversial with few studies focusing on whether PORT always plays a part in clinical practice and generates benefits to patients across different time periods. We investigated this issue using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database (SEER) and assessed the temporal trends spanning 27 years. METHODS: Within SEER, we selected stage IIIA-N2 NSCLC patients who underwent a lobectomy or pneumonectomy and coded as receiving PORT or never receiving radiotherapy over three time periods: 1988 to 1996, 1997 to 2005, 2006 to 2014. For each period, survival analyses were performed and propensity score matching (PSM) was used in the potentially beneficial subgroup. RESULTS: 45.4% of 5568 eligible patients received PORT. The yearly PORT use rates varied largely from 27.8% to 74.4%. Overall survival (OS) was distinctly improved over the period. The application of PORT had a significant impact on survival only in period 1 and 3. In subgroup analysis, the OS benefit of PORT was significant in each period in patients with 50% or more lymph node ratio (LNR) both before (hazard ratios, and P values of 0.647, P = .002; 0.804, P = .008; 0.721, P < .001 for period 1, 2, 3, respectively) and after PSM (0.642, P = .006; 0.785, P = .004; 0.748, P = .003 for period 1, 2, 3, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The benefits of PORT are lasting and stable throughout the years in patients with LNR of 50% or more. This might provide a clue on proper patient selection for PORT application.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17903, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725638

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to develop a reliable nomogram to estimate individualized prognosis for patients with distal bile duct cancer (DBDC) and compare the predictive value with the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system.Data of 1110 patients diagnosed with DBDC were recruited from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 1973 and 2015. All patients were randomly divided into the training (n = 777) and validation (n = 333) cohorts, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to identify the independent risk factors. The Akaike information criterion was used to select covariates for constructing a nomogram. The predictive ability of the nomogram was assessed by concordance index (C-index) and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) compared to tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system.A nomogram integrating 8 risk factors was developed with a higher C-index than that of the TNM staging system (training data set, 0.70 vs 0.61; validation data set, 0.71 vs 0.57). The AUROCs of the nomogram for 1-year and 3-year overall survival (OS) predication were 0.76 and 0.78 in the training cohort, 0.78 and 0.77 in the validation cohort. However, AUROCs of the TNM stage for predicting 1-year and 3-year OS were all below 0.60. Calibration curves showed the optimal agreement in predicating OS between nomogram and actual observation. In addition, this nomogram can effectively distinguish the OS between low and high-risk groups divided by the median score (P < .01).Present study was the first one to construct a prognostic nomogram of DBDC patients, which has the potential to provide individual prediction of OS.

4.
Zootaxa ; 4671(3): zootaxa.4671.3.3, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716042

RESUMO

Two new species with peculiar pigmentation of the genus Homidia from Guangdong Province, Southern China are described here, Homidia chroma sp. nov. and Homidia leniseta sp. nov. H. chroma is characterized by chrome pigmentation on lateral side of terga, two macrochaetae on medial abdominal segment (Abd.) III and six macrochaetae on postero-medial Abd. IV, up to 68 sensory chaetae present on Abd. IV, and five apical smooth chaetae on posterior face of ventral tube. H. leniseta is easily identified by unique colour pattern, smooth labial chaetae l2, G1-4 and H1-3, and short trichobothria on Abd. II-IV. Illustrations of adults of this two new species, chaetotaxy of the first instar larvae of H. chroma and subadults of H. leniseta are provided herein.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Animais , China , Larva
5.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 205, 2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resistant starch (RS) is a starch that can be fermented by the microbial flora within gut lumen. Insulin resistance (IR) is a pathophysiological condition related to diabetes and obesity. RS could reduce blood glucose and ameliorate IR in animals, but its effect in human population is controversial. OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted a systematic literature review to evaluate the effect of RS diet supplement on ameliorating IR in patients with T2DM and simple obesity. METHODS: Databases that supplemented with RS in ameliorating IR in T2DM and simple obesity were queried for studies on or before August 15, 2018. Parameters including fasting insulin, fasting glucose, body mass index (BMI), homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) etc. were extracted from studies to systemically evaluate effects of RS. RESULTS: The database search yielded 14 parallel or crossover studies that met the inclusion criteria. The results indicated that there was no significant difference in the amelioration of BMI, HOMA-%S and HOMA-%B in T2DM patients between RS and the non-RS supplementation. However, the fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin and HOMA-IR in T2DM with obesity who supplemented RS were lower than control group, and the subgroup analysis according to the dose of RS supplementation was inconsistency. There was no significant difference between RS and non-RS supplements in patients with simple obesity. CONCLUSION: RS supplementation can ameliorate IR in T2DM, especially for the patients of T2DM with obesity, but not in simple obesity.

6.
Life Sci ; 239: 117092, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760103

RESUMO

AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and is characterized by high levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1. Circulating microRNAs have been reported as potential diagnostic biomarkers for DM2 and CHD. However, the underlying mechanisms have largely remained unclear. MAIN METHODS: The changes of circulating miR-30c, PAI-1 and vitronetin (VN) in plasma from CHD, noncomplicated (NC) + DM2, CHD + DM2 subjects and control individuals were assessed by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and ELISA assays, respectively. The effects of miR-30c on VN expression by targeting PAI-1 were assessed in vitro SMC and in ex vivo plasma, using bioinformatic analysis, miRNA transfection, luciferase assays, qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. KEY FINDINGS: We found that decreased circulating miR-30c was negatively correlated with the severity of coronary lesions and the resulting elevated PAI-1 and VN levels. Circulating miR-30c significantly distinguished between patients with CHD + DM2, NC + DM2, CHD and control subjects, and that were significantly associated with certain risk factors for progression from a normal individual to one with CHD + DM2. Furthermore, we also showed that miR-30c plays a previously unrecognized role in regulating the expression of VN levels via regulating PAI-1 levels in vitro SMC and in ex vivo plasma. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings provide a novel regulatory mechanism of miR-30c in regulating PAI-1/VN interactions and that may serve as a diagnostic biomarker of DM2 that is complicated with CHD.

7.
Acta Diabetol ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583475

RESUMO

AIMS: MicroRNA-103 (miR-103) family plays important roles in regulating glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly characterized. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that circulating miR-103a and miR-103b, which regulate CAV-1 and SFRP4, respectively, are novel biomarkers for diagnosis of DM2. METHODS: We determined the predictive potential of circulating miR-103a and miR-103b in pre-DM subjects (pre-DM), noncomplicated diabetic subjects, and normal glucose-tolerance individuals (control) using bioinformatic analysis, qRT-PCR, luciferase assays, and ELISA assays. RESULTS: We found that both miR-103a and miR-103b had high complementarity and conservation, modulated reporter gene expression through seed sequences in the 3'UTRs of CAV-1 and SFRP4 mRNA, and negatively regulated their mRNA and protein levels, respectively. We also found that increased miR-103a and decreased miR-103a in plasma were significantly and negatively correlated with reduced CAV-1 levels and elevated SFRP4 levels in pre-DM and DM2, respectively, and were significantly associated with glucose metabolism, HbA1c levels, and other DM2 risk factors for progression from a normal individual to one with pre-DM. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the reciprocal changes in circulating miR-103a and miR-103b not only provided high sensitivity and specificity to differentiate the pre-DM population but also acted as biomarkers for predicting DM2 with high diagnostic value. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that circulating miR-103a and miR-103b may serve as novel biomarkers for diagnosis of DM2, providing novel insight into the mechanisms underlying pre-DM.

8.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 287, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: miRNA expression profiles in ectopic endometrium (EC) serving as pathophysiologic genetic fingerprints contribute to determining endometriosis progression; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. METHODS: miRNA microarray analysis was used to determine the expression profiling of EC fresh tissues. qRT-PCR was performed to screen miR-205-5p expression in EC tissues. The roles of miR-205-5p and its candidate target gene, angiopoietin-2 (ANGPT2), in endometriosis progression were confirmed on the basis of both in vitro and in vivo systems. miR-205-5p and ANGPT2 expression were measured by in situ hybridization and immunochemistry, and their clinical significance was statistically analysed. RESULTS: miR-205-5p was screened as a novel suppressor of endometriosis through primary ectopic endometrial stromal cell migration, invasion, and apoptosis assay in vitro, along with endometrial-like xenograft growth and apoptosis in vivo. In addition, ANGPT2 was identified as a direct target of miR-205-5p through bioinformatic target prediction and luciferase reporter assay. Re-expression and knockdown of ANGPT2 could respectively rescue and simulate the effects induced by miR-205-5p. Importantly, the miR-205-5p-ANGPT2 axis was found to activate the ERK/AKT pathway in endometriosis. Finally, miR-205-5p and ANGPT2 expression were closely correlated with the endometriosis severity. CONCLUSION: The newly identified miR-205-5p-ANGPT2-AKT/ERK axis illustrates the molecular mechanism of endometriosis progression and may represent a novel diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target for disease treatment.

9.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(9): 2983-2991, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529873

RESUMO

To understand the relationship between soil fauna and microorganism in the detrital food chain during litter decomposition, leaf litters of poplar (Populus simonii) and fargesia (Fargesia spathacea) in a subalpine forest of western Sichuan were taken as study objects. Phospholipid fatty acid (PLFAs) biomarker method was used to determine the effects of soil fauna on the abundance, structure and diversity of microbial community during the decomposition of leaf litter of two species from April 2016 to April 2018 with in situ control experiment. The results showed that the presence of soil fauna significantly affected the microbial PLFAs content during the decomposition of both species, reducing the PLFAs content in the first 240 days and increasing the PLFAs content in the 360 to 480 days. Soil fauna participation reduced the ratio of fungi to bacteria in the decomposition of poplar litter, and increased the ratio of gram-positive bacteria (G+) to gram-negative bacteria (G-), which had the opposite effect on the ratio of fungi/bacteria and G+/G- in the decomposition of fargesia litter. Microbial diversity and evenness maintained a high level in 120th and 480th days of the decomposition, and decreased sharply in 360th and 720th days of decomposition. Soil fauna participation significantly affected microbial diversity and evenness of poplar litter, but it had no signifi-cant effect on fargesia litter. The effects of soil fauna on the changes of litter PLFAs content were different with the decomposition days and tree species. The interaction between soil fauna and microbial community during litter decomposition in subalpine forest varied with seasons and tree species.


Assuntos
Florestas , Microbiota , Populus , Animais , China , Folhas de Planta , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
10.
J Neurosci Methods ; 328: 108442, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advancements with induced pluripotent stem cell-derived (iPSC) retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) have made disease modeling and cell therapy for macular degeneration feasible. However, current techniques for intracellular electrophysiology - used to validate epithelial function - are painstaking and require manual skill; limiting experimental throughput. NEW METHOD: A five-stage algorithm, leveraging advances in automated patch clamping, systematically derived and optimized, improves yield and reduces skill when compared to conventional, manual techniques. RESULTS: The automated algorithm improves yield per attempt from 17% (manually, n = 23) to 22% (automated, n = 120) (chi-squared, p = 0.004). Specifically for RPE, depressing the local cell membrane by 6 µm and electroporating (buzzing) just prior to this depth (5 µm) maximized yield. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHOD: Conventionally, intracellular epithelial electrophysiology is performed by manually lowering a pipette with a micromanipulator, blindly, towards a monolayer of cells and spontaneously stopping when the magnitude of the instantaneous measured membrane potential decreased below a predetermined threshold. The new method automatically measures the pipette tip resistance during the descent, detects the cell surface, indents the cell membrane, and briefly buzzes to electroporate the membrane while descending, overall achieving a higher yield than conventional methods. CONCLUSIONS: This paper presents an algorithm for high-yield, automated intracellular electrophysiology in epithelia; optimized for human RPE. Automation reduces required user skill and training while, simultaneously, improving yield. This algorithm could enable large-scale exploration of drug toxicity and physiological function verification for numerous kinds of epithelia.

11.
J Voice ; 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) is an objective multiparameter index of voice quality that measures and describes overall voice quality. Some studies have suggested that the reliability of devices for DSI measurement should be examined. We explored the feasibility of DSI measurements using the Dr. Speech (DRS) device, verified its effectiveness for clinical voice measurements and intradevice reliability, and examined the correlation between the DSI and self-evaluations of voice problems. METHODS: Seventy adult participants (including individuals with voice problems and healthy adults) underwent objective and subjective voice assessments. These data were then used to establish a DSIDRS model and test the intradevice (DRS device and Praat software) reliability. The clinical validation of the DSIDRS was conducted by measuring the DSI of six other participants and comparing the observed and predicted perceived voice quality as expressed by the G score (of the GRBAS scale). Moreover, the relationship between the DSI measurements and participants' self-evaluations of voice problems was investigated by analyzing the correlation between the DSI and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI). RESULTS: The DSIDRS discriminated 80% of participants' voice quality ratings. There were strong correlations between the DSI and variables measured by the DRS device and Praat software. Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between the DSIDRS and VHI. CONCLUSION: The DRS device can perform DSI measurements. Objective voice measurements and perceptual voice ratings reflected different aspects of vocal function and its effects. These factors should be considered in clinical practice settings.

12.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365039

RESUMO

Importance: Whether optimal cardiovascular health metrics may counteract the risk of cardiovascular events among patients with prediabetes or diabetes is unclear. Objective: To investigate the associations of ideal cardiovascular health metrics (ICVHMs) with subsequent development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among participants with prediabetes or diabetes as compared with participants with normal glucose regulation. Design, Setting, and Participants: The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study was a nationwide, population-based, prospective cohort study of 20 communities from various geographic regions in China. The study included 111 765 participants who were free from CVD or cancer at baseline. Data were analyzed between 2011 and 2016. Exposures: Prediabetes and diabetes were defined according to the American Diabetes Association 2010 criteria. Seven ICVHMs were adapted from the American Heart Association recommendations. Main Outcomes and Measures: The composite of incident fatal or nonfatal CVD, including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and hospitalized or treated heart failure. Results: Of the 111 765 participants, 24 881 (22.3%) had normal glucose regulation, 61 024 (54.6%) had prediabetes, and 25 860 (23.1%) had diabetes. Mean (SD) age ranged from 52.9 (8.6) years to 59.4 (8.7) years. Compared with participants with normal glucose regulation, among participants with prediabetes, the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio for CVD was 1.34 (95% CI, 1.16-1.55) for participants who had 1 ICVHM or less and 0.57 (95% CI, 0.43-0.75) for participants who had at least 5 ICVHMs; among participants with diabetes, the hazard ratios for CVD were 2.05 (95% CI, 1.76-2.38) and 0.80 (95% CI, 0.56-1.15) for participants who had 1 ICVHM or less and at least 5 ICVHMs, respectively. Such pattern of association between ICVHM and CVD was more prominent for participants younger than 55 years (prediabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: hazard ratio [HR], 0.32; 95% CI, 0.16-0.63; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.58, 95% CI, 1.13-2.21; diabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.44-2.26; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.71-3.54; compared with normal glucose regulation) than for participants 65 years or older (prediabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.50-1.26; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.79-1.31; diabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.46-1.35; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.36-2.22, compared with normal glucose regulation; P values for interaction ≤.02). Additionally, the hazard ratio for CVD per additional ICVHM was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.79-0.86) among participants with prediabetes and was 0.85 (95% CI, 0.80-0.89) among participants with diabetes. Conclusions and Relevance: Participants with prediabetes or diabetes who had 5 or more ICVHMs exhibited lower or no significant excess CVD risks compared with the participants with normal glucose regulation.

13.
Diabetes Care ; 42(11): 2117-2126, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive assessment of serum lipidomic aberrations before type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) onset has remained lacking in Han Chinese. We evaluated changes in lipid coregulation antecedent to T2DM and identified novel lipid predictors for T2DM in individuals with normal glucose regulation (NGR). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the discovery study, we tested 667 baseline serum lipids in subjects with incident diabetes and propensity score-matched control subjects (n = 200) from a prospective cohort comprising 3,821 Chinese adults with NGR. In the validation study, we tested 250 lipids in subjects with incident diabetes and matched control subjects (n = 724) from a pooled validation cohort of 14,651 individuals with NGR covering five geographical regions across China. Differential correlation network analyses revealed perturbed lipid coregulation antecedent to diabetes. The predictive value of a serum lipid panel independent of serum triglycerides and 2-h postload glucose was also evaluated. RESULTS: At the level of false-discovery rate <0.05, 38 lipids, including triacylglycerols (TAGs), lyso-phosphatidylinositols, phosphatidylcholines, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-plasmalogen phosphatidylethanolamines (PUFA-PEps), and cholesteryl esters, were significantly associated with T2DM risk in the discovery and validation cohorts. A preliminary study found most of the lipid predictors were also significantly associated with the risk of prediabetes. Differential correlation network analysis revealed that perturbations in intraclass (i.e., non-PUFA-TAG and PUFA-TAGs) and interclass (i.e., TAGs and PUFA-PEps) lipid coregulation preexisted before diabetes onset. Our lipid panel further improved prediction of incident diabetes over conventional clinical indices. CONCLUSIONS: These findings revealed novel changes in lipid coregulation existing before diabetes onset and expanded the current panel of serum lipid predictors for T2DM in normoglycemic Chinese individuals.

14.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0214776, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep duration affects health in various ways. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationships among sleep duration, daytime napping and kidney function in a middle-aged apparently healthy Chinese population. METHODS: According to self-reported total sleep and daytime napping durations, 33,850 participants who were 38-90 years old and recruited from eight regional centers were divided into subgroups. Height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, blood pressure, biochemical indexes, fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PBG), HbA1c, creatinine and urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) were measured and recorded for each subject. Microalbuminuria was defined as UACR ≥30 mg/g, chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as eGFR <60 ml/min, and hyperfiltration was defined as eGFR ≥135 ml/min. Multiple logistic regression was applied to investigate the association between sleep and kidney function. RESULTS: Compared to sleeping for 7-8 h/day, the ORs for microalbuminuria for sleeping for >9 h/day, 8-9 h/day 6-7 h/day and <6 h/day were 1.343 (1.228-1.470, P<0.001), 1.223 (1.134-1.320, P<0.001), 1.130 (1.003-1.273, P = 0.045) and 1.140 (0.908-1.431, P = 0.259), respectively. The eGFR levels exhibited a U-shaped association with sleep duration among subjects with an eGFR ≥90 ml/min and an N-shaped association with sleep duration among subjects with an eGFR <90 ml/min. The OR for hyperfiltration for >9 h/day of sleep was 1.400 (1.123-1.745, P = 0.003) among participants with an eGFR ≥90 ml/min. Daytime napping had a negative effect on renal health. Compared to the absence of a napping habit, the ORs for microalbuminuria for 0-1 h/day, 1-1.5 h/day and >1.5 h/day of daytime napping were 1.552 (1.444-1.668, P<0.001), 1.301 (1.135-1.491, P<0.001) and 1.567 (1.353-1.814, P<0.001), respectively. CONCLUSION: The association of total sleep duration with renal health outcomes is U-shaped. Daytime napping has a negative effect on renal health.

15.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 33(7): e22929, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is a common organ-specific autoimmune disorder, and genetic, environmental, and endogenous factors are responsible for initiation of thyroid autoimmunity. Some AITD patients suffer from a certain degree of glucose-lipid metabolism disorder. This study aims to explore the changes in glucose-lipid metabolism, insulin resistance, and inflammatory factors in patients with AITD. METHODS: A total of 91 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis were retrospectively analyzed and divided into hypothyroidism group (n = 42) and normal thyroid group (n = 49), while 50 healthy people were selected as control group. The changes in glucose-lipid metabolism, insulin resistance, and inflammatory factors in each group were compared, and their correlations with the thyroid function were analyzed. RESULTS: The levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-12, IL-10, (FINS), and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were gradually declined in sequence of hypothyroidism group, normal thyroid group, and control group (P < 0.05). In hypothyroidism group, the levels of serum-free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), (TC), triglyceride (TG), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly lower than those in normal thyroid group (P < 0.05), while the level of serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was significantly higher than that in normal thyroid group (P < 0.05). However, the fasting blood glucose and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose levels had no statistically significant differences among the three groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Autoimmune thyroid disease patients are prone to fat metabolism disorder, and the serum thyroid hormone level has a close correlation with blood lipid metabolism, insulin metabolism, and inflammatory factors.

16.
Virol Sin ; 34(4): 367-376, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264049

RESUMO

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is a common public health problem in developing countries. However, the current prevalence of HEV and the relationship of HEV genotype between swine and human within high-density pig-farming areas in central China are still inadequately understood. Here, cross-sectional serological and genotypic surveys of HEV among the 1232 general population, 273 workers occupationally exposed to swine, and 276 pigs in a high-density pig-breeding area, were undertaken by ELISA and nested RT-PCR methods. Anti-HEV IgG was detected in 26.22% of general population and 48.35% of occupational workers. The prevalence of swine serum HEV-Ag was 6.52%. The prevalence of anti-HEV IgG was significantly higher among the workers occupationally exposed to swine than among the general population. An increased HEV seropositivity risk among the general population was associated with either being a peasant or male and was very strongly associated with the increase of age. Among the occupationally exposed group, the prevalence of anti-HEV IgG antibodies increased with age and working years. Among the 30 HEV-IgM-positive people, the infection rates of clerks in the public, peasants, pork retailers, and pig farmers were higher than those of others. A phylogenetic analysis revealed that all the isolates belonged to subgenotype 4d, and four people and four pigs shared 97.04%-100% sequence homology. This study revealed a high HEV seroprevalence among the general population and workers occupationally exposed to swine in the Anlu City, and supports the notion that swine are a source of human HEV infection.

17.
J Diabetes ; 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between birth weight and diabetes in a Chinese population, and the effects of body mass index (BMI) and lifestyle factors in later life on this association. METHODS: Data from 49 118 participants aged ≥40 years with recalled birth weight from the Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study, a nationwide population-based cohort, were used. Diabetes diagnosis was based on oral glucose tolerance tests and HbA1c measurements. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association of birth weight and risk of diabetes in later life. RESULTS: Increased risk of diabetes was associated with lower or higher birth weight. Compared with individuals with a birth weight of 2500 to 3499 g, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of diabetes for individuals with a birth weight of <2500, between 3500 and 3999, and ≥4000 g were 1.28 (1.11-1.47), 1.11 (1.04-1.19), and 1.20 (1.07-1.34), respectively. Significant associations were prominent in participants with a current BMI ≥24 kg/m2 , but not detected in those with a normal BMI (OR 1.20 [95% CI 0.96-1.49], 1.11 [95% CI 0.98-1.25], and 1.10 [95% CI 0.89-1.37], respectively). Moreover, there was no increased risk of diabetes in individuals with a low birth weight but with healthy dietary habits (OR 0.94; 95% CI 0.68-1.29) or ideal physical activity (OR 1.41; 95% CI 0.97-2.04). CONCLUSIONS: A U-shaped association was observed between birth weight and the risk of diabetes. Healthy lifestyles (healthy dietary habits or ideal physical activity) may eliminate the negative effects of low birth weight in the development of diabetes, but not the effect of high birth weight.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(12): 3993-4010, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232697

RESUMO

The pyrimidine metabolism pathway has important biological functions; it not only maintains appropriate pyrimidine pools but also produces bioactive intermediate metabolites. In a previous study, we identified that the pyrimidine metabolism pathway is associated with aging regulation. However, the molecular mechanism by which the pyrimidine metabolism pathway regulates aging remains unclear. Here, we investigated the longevity effect of pyrimidine intermediates on Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). Our results demonstrated that the supplementation of some pyrimidine intermediates could extend the lifespan of C. elegans. In addition, the RNAi knockdown of essential enzymes involved in pyrimidine metabolism could also significantly affect lifespan. We further investigated the molecular mechanism by which a representative intermediate metabolite, thymine, extends the lifespan of worms and found that thymine-induced longevity required the nuclear receptors DAF-12 and NHR-49, and the transcription factor DAF-16/FOXO. Further pathway analysis revealed that the longevity effect of thymine depended on the inhibition of reproductive signals. Additionally, we found that other pyrimidine intermediates functioned in a manner similar to thymine to prolong lifespan in C. elegans. Taken together, our results revealed that pyrimidine intermediates increased lifespan by inhibiting reproductive signals and subsequently inducing the function of DAF-12, NHR-49 and DAF-16 in C. elegans.

19.
Diabetes Care ; 42(8): 1539-1548, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uncertainty remains regarding the predictive value of various glycemic measures as they relate to the risk of diabetes and its complications. Using the cutoffs recommended by the American Diabetes Association's 2010 criteria, we determined the associations of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h postload glucose (2h-PG), and HbA1c with the outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Baseline medical history, FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c were obtained from a population-based cohort of 193,846 adults aged ≥40 years in China during 2011-2012. A follow-up visit was conducted during 2014-2016 in order to assess incident diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and mortality. RESULTS: We documented 8,063 cases of diabetes, 3,014 CVD-related events, 1,624 cases of cancer, and 2,409 deaths during up to 5 years of follow-up. Multivariable-adjusted risk ratios (95% CIs) of diabetes associated with prediabetes based on FPG of 100-125 mg/dL, 2h-PG of 140-199 mg/dL, or HbA1c of 5.7-6.4% (39-47 mmol/mol) were 1.60 (1.43-1.79), 2.72 (2.43-3.04), and 1.49 (1.36-1.62), respectively. Restricted cubic spline analyses suggested J-shaped associations of FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c levels with CVD, cancer, and mortality. Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) associated with untreated diabetes based on FPG ≥126 mg/dL, 2h-PG ≥200 mg/dL, or HbA1c ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol) were 1.18 (1.05-1.33), 1.31 (1.18-1.45), and 1.20 (1.07-1.34) for CVD; 1.10 (0.92-1.32), 1.44 (1.25-1.67), and 1.08 (0.92-1.28) for cancer; and 1.37 (1.20-1.57), 1.57 (1.41-1.76), and 1.33 (1.17-1.52) for mortality, respectively. 2h-PG remained significantly associated with outcomes in models including FPG and HbA1c as spline terms. Furthermore, 2h-PG significantly improved the ability of the C statistic to predict diabetes, CVD, and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: 2h-PG remains independently predictive of outcomes in models including FPG and HbA1c. Therefore, in addition to FPG and HbA1c, routine testing of 2h-PG should be considered in order to better assess the risks of outcomes.

20.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 5768953, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249646

RESUMO

Aging is a complex life process, and a unified view is that metabolism plays key roles in all biological processes. Here, we determined the lipidomic profile of Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) using ultraperformance liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS). Using a nontargeted approach, we detected approximately 3000 species. Analysis of the lipid metabolic profiles at young adult and ten-day-old ages among wild-type N2, glp-1 defective mutant, and double mutant daf-16;glp-1 uncovered significant age-related differences in the total amount of phosphatidylcholines (PC), sphingomyelins (SM), ceramides (Cer), diglycerides (DG), and triglycerides (TG). In addition, the age-associated lipid profiles were characterized by ratio of polyunsaturated (PUFA) over monounsaturated (MUFA) lipid species. Lipid metabolism modulation plays an important role in reproduction-regulated aging; to identify the variations of lipid metabolites during germ line loss-induced longevity, we investigated the lipidomic profiles of long-lived glp-1/notch receptor mutants, which have reproductive deficiency when grown at nonpermissive temperature. The results showed that there was some age-related lipid variation, including TG 40:2, TG 40:1, and TG 41:1, which contributed to the long-life phenotype. The longevity of glp-1 mutant was daf-16-dependent; the lipidome analysis of daf-16;glp-1 double mutant revealed that the changes of some metabolites in the glp-1 mutant were daf-16-dependent, while other metabolites displayed more complex epistatic patterns. We first conducted a comprehensive lipidome analysis to provide novel insights into the relationships between longevity and lipid metabolism regulated by germ line signals in C. elegans.

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