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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522005

RESUMO

Behavioral sensitization is a progressive increase in locomotor or stereotypic behaviours in response to drugs. It is believed to contribute to the reinforcing properties of drugs and to play an important role in relapse after cessation of drug abuse. However, the mechanism underlying this behaviour remains poorly understood. In this study, we showed that mTOR signaling was activated during the expression of behavioral sensitization to cocaine and that intraperitoneal or intra-nucleus accumbens (NAc) treatment with rapamycin, a specific mTOR inhibitor, attenuated cocaine-induced behavioural sensitization. Cocaine significantly modified brain lipid profiles in the NAc of cocaine-sensitized mice and markedly elevated the levels of phosphatidylinositol-4-monophosphates (PIPs), including PIP, PIP2, and PIP3. The behavioural effect of cocaine was attenuated by intra-NAc administration of LY294002, an AKT-specific inhibitor, suggesting that PIPs may contribute to mTOR activation in response to cocaine. An RNA-sequencing analysis of the downstream effectors of mTOR signalling revealed that cocaine significantly decreased the expression of SynDIG1, a known substrate of mTOR signalling, and decreased the surface expression of GluA2. In contrast, AAV-mediated SynDIG1 overexpression in NAc attenuated intracellular GluA2 internalization by promoting the SynDIG1-GluA2 interaction, thus maintaining GluA2 surface expression and repressing cocaine-induced behaviours. In conclusion, NAc SynDIG1 may play a negative regulatory role in cocaine-induced behavioural sensitization by regulating synaptic surface expression of GluA2.

2.
J Inorg Biochem ; 222: 111521, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34171769

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a common environmental pollutant with known toxic effects on the liver. Puerarin (PU), a natural flavonoid, has been shown to exert protective effect in numerous pathological processes. However, whether PU affords protection in Cd-induced liver damage is still equivocal. Therefore, 40 mice were treated with Cd and/or PU by gavage for 9 weeks, then the serum and liver samples were collected to verify this issue. In this study, Cd exposure triggered hepatic lipid metabolism disorders and resultant liver damage as evidenced by Oil Red O staining and total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels in serum and liver, aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels in serum, and histopathology, which were significantly improved by PU. Moreover, PU also normalized the expression of Cd-disturbed lipid metabolism-related proteins to improve lipid accumulation, contributing to the alleviation of liver injury. Moreover, Cd-decreased antioxidative indices superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) as well as glutathione (GSH) in hepatic tissues were significantly attenuated by PU administration, while Cd-elevated hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were markedly down-regulated by PU treatment, demonstrating the antioxidant effect of PU against Cd exposure. In addition, PU supplementation increased the anti-inflammatory potential, and normalized the levels of proinflammatory cytokines during Cd exposure. In conclusion, these observations demonstrate that PU treatment decreases oxidative stress and inflammation response, which may contribute to prevent Cd-induced lipid metabolism disorder and consequent liver damage.

3.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 5521325, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34012990

RESUMO

Threonine aspartase 1 (TASP1) was reported to function in the development of cancer. However, the regulatory mechanism of TASP1 in gastric cancer (GC) remains unclear. In this study, we determined the expression of TASP1 in tissues of GC patients, GC cells by qRT-PCR, and western blot and assessed the relationship between TASP1 and GC cell proliferation and migration via CCK-8 and transwell assay. It was found that the expression of TASP1 in GC tissues or GC cell lines was significantly higher than that in normal adjacent tissues or normal cells. The proliferation and migration of GC cells were inhibited upon TASP1 knockdown. Mechanism investigation revealed that TASP1 promoted GC cell proliferation and migration through upregulating the p-AKT/AKT expression. TASP1 induced GC cell migration via the epithelial -mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway. In conclusion, TASP1 promotes GC progression through the EMT and AKT/p-AKT pathway, and it may serve as a new potential biomarker and therapeutic target for GC.

4.
Cell J ; 23(1): 21-31, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650817

RESUMO

Objective: Although growing evidences have showed that long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) plays a critical role in the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), there are still many unsolved mysteries remains to be deeply elucidated. This study aimed to find a new underlying mechanism of PVT1 in regulating the tumorigenesis and development of NSCLC. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRTPCR) was used to profile the expression of PVT1 in NSCLC tissues and cells. The effects of PVT1 on cell growth, migration and invasion were detected by colony formation assay, Matrigel-free transwell and Matrigel transwell assays, respectively. Changes of the key protein expression in Hippo and NOTCH signaling pathways, as well as epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) markers, were analyzed using western blot. Interaction of PVT1 with enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) was verified by RNA pull-down, and their binding to the downstream targets was detected by Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. Results: These results showed that PVT1 was up-regulated in NSCLC tissue and cell lines, promoting NSCLC cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Knockdown of PVT1 inhibited the expression of Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) and NOTCH1 signaling activation. Further, we have confirmed that PVT1 regulated expression of YAP1 through EZH2-mediated miR-497 promoter methylation resulting in the inhibition of miR-497 transcription and its target YAP1 upregulation, and finally NOTCH signaling pathway was activated, which promoted EMT and invasion and metastasis. Conclusion: These results suggested that lncRNA PVT1 promotes NSCLC metastasis through EZH2-mediated activation of Hippo/NOTCH1 signaling pathways. This study provides a new opportunity to advance our understanding in the potential mechanism of NSCLC development.

5.
J Inorg Biochem ; 217: 111389, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607539

RESUMO

Liver is the main target organ of cadmium (Cd) toxicity and puerarin (PU) has been shown to prevent Cd-induced hepatic cell damage via its antioxidant activity. Nrf2 acts as a critical regulator of cellular defense against various oxidative insults, but its role in the protection of PU against Cd-induced hepatic damage has not yet been clarified. Hereby, this study was designed to investigate the underlying mechanism using mouse hepatocyte line AML-12. Data firstly showed that Cd-inhibited Nrf2 pathway was markedly restored by PU treatment, assessed by Nrf2 nuclear translocation, protein levels of Keap1 and Nrf2 downstream target genes. Accordingly, Cd-reduced protein levels of antioxidant enzymes were significantly up-regulated by PU. Next, Nrf2 silencing cellular model was established to further elucidate the role of Nrf2 in the protection of PU against Cd-induced hepatic damage. Attenuation of Cd-induced autophagy inhibition and autophagosome accumulation by PU was remarkably countered by Nrf2 silencing. Moreover, alleviation of Cd-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation by PU was distinctly prevented by Nrf2 knockdown, assessed by protein levels of NLRP3 inflammosome complex and downstream IL-18 and IL-1ß production. Collectively, our data suggest that PU restores Cd-induced Nrf2 inhibition to prevent autophagy inhibition and NLRP3 inflammasome activation, providing novel insights into the protection of PU against Cd-induced hepatic cell damage.

6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(5): 3183-3191, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975567

RESUMO

Mitochondrial fusion and fission dynamic are critical to the myocardial protection against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Notch1 signalling plays an important role in heart development, maturation and repair. However, the role of Notch1 in the myocardial mitochondrial fusion and fission dynamic remains elusive. Here, we isolated myocardial cells from rats and established myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) model. We modulated Notch1, MFN1 and DRP1 expression levels in myocardial cells via infection with recombinant adenoviruses. The results showed that Notch1 improves the cell viability and mitochondrial fusion in myocardiocytes exposed to IRI. These improvements were dependent on the regulation of MFN1 and DRP1. On the mechanism, we found that MNF1 is transcriptionally activated by RBP-Jk in myocardiocytes. Notch1 also improves the mitochondrial membrane potential in myocardiocytes exposed to IRI. Moreover, we further confirmed the protection of the Notch1-MFN1/Drp1 axis on the post-ischaemic recovery of myocardial performance is associated with the preservation of the mitochondrial structure. In conclusion, this study presented a detailed mechanism by which Notch1 signalling improves mitochondrial fusion during myocardial protection.


Assuntos
Dinaminas/genética , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Masculino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/genética , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 115: 108929, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060001

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a common heavy metal contamination that is highly toxic to liver. Puerarin (PU), a potent free radical scavenger, has been shown to exert cytoprotective effect in numerous pathological processes. However, whether PU affords protection against Cd-induced hepatotoxicity remains unclear to be known. Here, we aimed to investigate the protective effect of PU on Cd-induced hepatotoxicity in an immortalized mouse hepatocyte line, AML-12. First, Cd-induced cytotoxicity in AML-12 cells was obviously ameliorated by PU treatment. Also, Cd-induced apoptotic cell death was markedly alleviated by PU treatment, evidenced by two methods. Simultaneously, Cd-elevated malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species levels were significantly reduced by PU administration, demonstrating the antioxidant effect of PU against Cd exposure. Moreover, Cd-induced blockage of autophagic flux in AML-12 cells was obviously restored by PU treatment, evidenced by immunoblot analysis of autophagy marker proteins and tandem fluorescent-tagged LC3 method. Resultantly, Cd-induced autophagosome accumulation was significantly alleviated by PU treatment. In conclusion, these observations demonstrate that PU treatment alleviates Cd-induced hepatic cell damage by inhibiting apoptosis and restoring autophagy activity, which is intimately related with its antioxidant activity.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio/toxicidade , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Animais , Autofagossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Autofagossomos/patologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 511(4): 935-940, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853180

RESUMO

This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal).. This article has been retracted at the request of < the Editor in Chief. The Editor in Chief has been made aware of numerous problems with this paper regarding authorship, poor or insufficient supervision of researchers and the unauthorized use of data acquired from a lab visit by one of the authors.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Proteína com Dedos de Zinco da Leucemia Promielocítica/genética , Linfócitos T/citologia , Animais , Contagem de Células , Autorrenovação Celular , Deleção de Genes , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Timócitos/citologia , Timócitos/metabolismo , Timo/citologia , Timo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Timo/metabolismo
10.
J Parasitol ; 103(6): 692-698, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953417

RESUMO

It is important to isolate potential candidates from the local isolates of nematophagous fungi and to investigate interaction between the fungal strains and gastrointestinal nematodes for the biological control of parasitic nematodes in livestock. In the present study, we assessed the in vitro predatory activity and the viability of isolates of Arthrobotrys thaumasia ( Monacrosporium thaumasium) after passage through the gastrointestinal tract of sheep. The predatory process of a representative isolate selected against the larvae of trichostrongylids was prepared with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In vitro experiments tested the ability of 9 native isolates of A. thaumasia to prey on larvae of feces of sheep infected with natural mixed nematodes ( Haemonchus contortus, Trichostongylus colubriformis, Marshallagia mongolica). These isolates of A. thaumasia decreased infectivity of third stage infective larvae (L3) by 75.54-99.97%; 7 isolates decreased infectivity by more than 90%. In vivo experiments also demonstrated significant reductions of L3 numbers in the feces treated with the 9 isolates after passing through the gastrointestinal tract of sheep, and these decreases ranged from 51.68 to 88.16%. The isolates tested were re-isolated in 5-g sub-samples of feces from sheep in each treatment group, indicating that these isolates had the capacity to prey upon larvae of trichostrongylids after the passage through gastrointestinal tract. SEM shows that at 6 hr after the larvae were added, including the second stage larvae (L2) and L3 of trichostrongylids, the isolate NBS 005 caught them; at 8 hr after being caught L2 was penetrated by the fungus while penetration of L3 occurred at 12 hr; at 78 hr post-capture L2 was completely destroyed by the fungus while complete digestion of L3 occurred at 84 hr.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Trichostrongyloidea/microbiologia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Ascomicetos/ultraestrutura , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Fezes/parasitologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/parasitologia , Larva/microbiologia , Gado , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Distribuição Aleatória , Ovinos , Trichostrongyloidea/efeitos dos fármacos , Trichostrongyloidea/ultraestrutura
11.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(2): 262-6, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27263307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish an assay using 9-color flow cytometry immunophenotyping to detect activation and apoptosis of human TCR Vß lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood samples. METHODS: We used 5 antibodies (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD95, CD69), phospholipids binding proteins Annexin V, TCR Vß Repertoire Kit and nucleus dye DAPI to establish a 9-color flow cytometry assay. Peripheral blood samples were taken from eight healthy people for test of antibodies and determination of optimal PMT and staining method (single-stained vs stained with all but one antibody). RESULTS: Appropriate detecting voltage, antibody concentration and compensation methods were determined. The distribution of TCR Vß subgroup in our samples was consistent with the TCR Vß Repertoire Kit instruction and other published literature. CONCLUSION: We have established a effective easy using 9-color flow cytometry immunophenotyping to detect human TCR Vß lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood samples.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Citometria de Fluxo , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Ativação Linfocitária , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/citologia , Anticorpos , Cor , Humanos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/metabolismo , Coloração e Rotulagem
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