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1.
Food Chem ; 306: 125641, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606628

RESUMO

Temperature fluctuation is a common problem in the frozen storage of shrimp products. This study investigated the influence of carrageenan oligosaccharide (CO) and xylooligosaccharide (XO) on the growth and recrystallization of ice crystals in frozen peeled shrimp exposed to temperature fluctuations. Shrimp soaked with water and 3.0% (w/v) Na4P2O7 solution were designated as the negative and positive controls, respectively. Our data revealed that both CO- and XO-soaked shrimp had significant improvements in thawing and cooking loss, myofibrillar protein content, Ca2+-ATPase activity, and textural variables when exposed to temperature fluctuations compared to control samples. Microstructural imaging indicated that soaking the shrimp in CO and XO slowed the progression of damage caused to tissue myofibrils by large ice crystals, as well as inhibited the growth and recrystallization of ice crystals in muscle tissues. SDS-PAGE analysis confirmed that treatment with the oligosaccharides exhibited marked effects on the stability of muscle proteins and inhibited the degradation of muscle proteins affected by the temperature fluctuations. Based on these data, we hypothesize that the incorporated CO and XO may bind to muscle proteins and capture water molecules in the myofibrillar network through hydrogen bonding, thereby suppressing the myofibrillar denaturation and tissue structure destruction induced by the growth and recrystallization of ice crystals.

2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 227: 115335, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590851

RESUMO

Thiolated chitosan (CS-NAC) was synthesized and the selected CS-NAC was used together with silk fibroin (SF) to produce dual network CS-NAC/SF hydrogels. The CS-NAC/SF solutions with formulated compositions were able to form hydrogels at physiological temperature and pH. Rheological measurements showed that elastic modulus of some CS-NAC/SF gels could reach around 3 kPa or higher and was much higher than their respective viscous modulus, indicating that they behaved like strong gels. Deformation measurements verified that CS-NAC/SF gels had well-defined elasticity. The optimized CS-NAC/SF gels exhibited jointly enhanced properties in terms of strength, stiffness and elasticity when compared to the gels resulted from either CS-NAC or SF. Examinations of dry CS-NAC/SF gels revealed that they were highly porous with well-interconnected pore features. Cell culture demonstrated that CS-NAC/SF gels supported the growth of chondrocytes while effectively maintaining their phenotype. Results suggest that these dual network gels have promising potential in cartilage repair.

3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112813, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472326

RESUMO

Differentiated composition in precursor ions for different subclasses of ginsenosides in the negative electrospray-ionization mode has been reported, which lays a foundation for the sorted and untargeted identification of ginsenosides. Carboxyl-free ginsenosides simultaneously from Panax ginseng, P. quinquefolius, and P. notoginseng, were comprehensively characterized and statistically compared. A neutral loss/product ion scan (NL-PIS) incorporated untargeted profiling approach, coupled to ultra-high performance liquid chromatography, was developed on a linear ion-trap/Orbitrap mass spectrometer for characterizing carboxyl-free ginsenosides. It incorporated in-source fragmentation (ISF) full scan-MS1, mass tag-MS2, and product ion scan-MS3. Sixty batches of ginseng samples were analyzed by metabolomics workflows for the discovery of ginsenoside markers. Using formic acid (FA) as the additive, carboxyl-free ginsenosides (protopanaxadiol-type, protopanaxatriol-type, and octillol-type) gave predominant FA-adducts, while rich deprotonated molecules were observed for carboxyl-containing ginsenosides (oleanolic acid-type and malonylated) when source-induced dissociation (SID) was set at 0 V. Based on the NL transition [M+FA‒H]- > [M-H]- and the characteristic sapogenin product ions, a NL-PIS approach was established. It took advantage of the efficient full-information acquisition of ISF-MS1 (SID: 50 V), the high specificity of mass tag (NL: 46.0055 Da)-induced MS2 fragmentation, and the substructure fragmentation of product ion scan-MS3. We could characterize 216 carboxyl-free ginsenosides, and 21 thereof were potentially diagnostic for the species differentiation. Conclusively, sorted and untargeted characterization of the carboxyl-free ginsenosides was achieved by the established NL-PIS approach. In contrast to the conventional NL or PIS-based survey scan strategies, the high-accuracy MSn data obtained can enable more reliable identification of ginsenosides.

4.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666685

RESUMO

The retrosplenial cortex (Rsp) is a transitional cortex located between the neocortex and archicortex, but the molecular mechanism specifying Rsp from the archicortex remains elusive. We here report that the transcription factor Satb2 is required for specifying Rsp identity during its morphogenesis. In Satb2 CKO mice, the boundary between the Rsp and archicortex [i.e., subiculum (SubC)] disappears as early as E17.5, and Rsp efferent projection is aberrant. Rsp-specific genes are lost, whereas SubC-specific genes are ectopically expressed in Rsp of Satb2 CKO mice. Furthermore, cell-autonomous role of Satb2 in maintaining Rsp neuron identity is revealed by inactivation of Satb2 in Rsp neurons. Finally, Satb2 represses the transcription of Nr4a2. The misexpression of Nr4a2 together with Ctip2 induces expression of SubC-specific genes in wild-type Rsp, and simultaneous knockdown of these two genes in Rsp Satb2-mutant cells prevents their fate transition to SubC identity. Thus, Satb2 serves as a determinant gene in the Rsp regionalization by repressing Nr4a2 and Ctip2 during cortical development.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705429

RESUMO

Mentoring's role in medical education is threatened by the potential abuse of mentoring relationships. Particularly affected are mentoring relationships between senior clinicians and junior doctors which lie at the heart of mentoring. To better understand and address these concerns, a systematic scoping review into prevailing accounts of ethical issues and professional lapses in mentoring is undertaken. Arksey and O'Malley's (Int J Soc Res Methodol 8(1):19-32, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616) methodological framework for conducting scoping reviews was employed to explore the scope of ethical concerns in mentoring in general medicine. Databases searcheed included PubMed, ScienceDirect, ERIC, Embase, Scopus, Mednar and OpenGrey. 3391 abstracts were identified from the initialy search after removal of duplicates, 412 full-text articles were reviewed, 98 articles were included and thematically analysed. Unsatisfactory matching, misaligned expectations, inadequate mentor training, cursory codes of conduct, sketchy standards of practice, meagre oversight and unstructured processes have been identified as potential causes for ethical and professional breaches in mentoring practice. Changes in how professionalism is viewed suggest further studies of educational culture should also be carried out. The host organization plays a major role in establishing codes of conduct, expectations, and holistically, longitudinally oversight of the mentoring process and mentoring relationships.

6.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763831

RESUMO

An advanced oxidation process of combining cobalt and peracetic acid (Co/PAA) was developed to degrade sulfamethoxazole (SMX) in this study. The formed acetylperoxy radical (CH3CO3•) through the activation of PAA by Co (Co2+) was the dominant radical responsible for SMX degradation, along with that CH3CO2• might also played roles. Efficient redox cycle of Co3+/Co2+ allows good removal efficiency of SMX even at quite low dosage of Co (< 1 µM). The presence of H2O2 in the Co/PAA process has negative effect on the degradation of SMX due to the competition for reactive radicals. The SMX degradation in the Co/PAA process is pH-dependent, and the optimum reaction pH is near-neutral. Humic acid and HCO3- can inhibit SMX degradation in the Co/PAA process, while the presence of Cl- plays little role in the degradation of SMX in this system. Although transformation products of SMX in the Co/PAA system show higher acute toxicity, the low Co dose and SMX concentration in aquatic solution can efficiently weaken the acute toxicity. After reaction in Co/PAA process, numerous carbon source that could be provided for bacteria and algae growth can be produced, suggesting that the proposed Co/PAA process contains good potential in the combination with bio-treatment processes.

7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 314: 108842, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic psychosocial stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In view of the important role of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) in human pathophysiology, we studied the role of DPP-4 in stress-related vascular aging in mice, focusing on oxidative stress and the inflammatory response. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male mice were randomly divided into a non-stress group and an immobilization stress group treated for 2 weeks. Chronic stress accelerates aortic senescence and increases plasma DPP-4 levels. Stress increased the levels of gp91phox, p22phox, p47phox, p67phox, p53, p27, p21, p16INK4A, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intracellular adhesion molecule-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, cathepsin S (Cat S), and Cat K mRNAs and/or protein in the aorta of the stressed mice and decreased their levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and SirTuin1 (SirT1). DPP-4 inhibitors can improve stress-induced targeting molecules and morphological changes. In vitro, the inhibition of DPP-4 also alleviated the changes in the oxidative and inflammatory molecules in response to hydrogen peroxide in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: DPP-4 inhibition can improve vascular aging in stressed mice, possibly by improving oxidative stress production and vascular inflammation. Our results suggest that DPP-4 may become a new therapeutic target for chronic stress-related vascular aging in metabolic cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/sangue , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/química , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico
8.
Early Hum Dev ; 140: 104890, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undernutrition and poor home environment in the first 2 years of life may have long-term effects on cognitive development. AIMS: To determine the influence of linear growth and home environment towards cognitive development in the first year of life of Malaysian infants. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional findings at 12-13 months from a prospective cohort study of infants in Malaysia. SUBJECTS: One hundred fifty-one infants recruited at 2-5 months were visited at home at 12-13 months (M = 12.95, SD = 0.98). OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal and infant measures during pregnancy and at birth were obtained from patient health clinic cards. Weight and length of infants were measured at 12-13 months. Home environment and cognitive development were assessed using HOME inventory and Bayley-III, respectively. RESULTS: About 22.5% of infants experienced stunting and 14.6% had low home environment quality. The mean cognitive score was 94.54 (SD = 12.00). Stunted infants had 7.59 lower cognitive scores than non-stunted infants, while infants with low home environment quality had 12.09 lower cognitive scores than those with high home environment quality. Cognitive scores increased with better home environment quality in both stunted and non-stunted infants, but stunted infants scored lower than non-stunted infants in all conditions. CONCLUSION: Stunting, a form of chronic undernutrition, and poor home environment may significantly influence cognitive development of infants. Interventions to prevent undernutrition should start as early as during pregnancy and caregivers should be informed on their roles in providing cognitive stimulation within the home environment for their children.

9.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 8(23): e1901031, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664793

RESUMO

The incomplete removal of bone tumors leads to increased local recurrence and poor prognosis. To prevent ostoperative tumor recurrence and simultaneously repair surgery-caused bone defects, there is a need of great significance to develop implantable biomaterials possessing both cancer cell-killing ability and excellent bioactivity. In this work, a functionalized titanium-based implant is successfully fabricated by loading curcumin (CUR) onto cyclodextrin based polymer (pCD) modified titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) nanorod arrays. Herein, a polydopamine (pDA) assisted film is implemented as a first coating layer onto the surface of the TiO2 nanoarrays to guarantee the robust anchorage of the pCD. The pCD coating acts as a reservoir for CUR, allowing for efficient drug loading and sustained release of anticancer drugs. Studies show that the CUR-modified surfaces (TiO2 /pDA/pCD/CUR) can significantly promote apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells in vitro by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction caused by the ROS overproduction, and meanwhile, effectively inhibit the tumor growth in vivo. Moreover, such functionalized implants with surface density of loaded CUR at 22.48 µg cm-2 or lower support the attachment and proliferation of osteoblasts in vitro. These results successfully demonstrate that as-prepared TiO2 /pDA/pCD/CUR constructs have combined anticancer performance and good biocompatibility, which has great promise for the surgical therapy of bone tumors.

10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(43): 21715-21726, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591222

RESUMO

Meningiomas account for one-third of all primary brain tumors. Although typically benign, about 20% of meningiomas are aggressive, and despite the rigor of the current histopathological classification system there remains considerable uncertainty in predicting tumor behavior. Here, we analyzed 160 tumors from all 3 World Health Organization (WHO) grades (I through III) using clinical, gene expression, and sequencing data. Unsupervised clustering analysis identified 3 molecular types (A, B, and C) that reliably predicted recurrence. These groups did not directly correlate with the WHO grading system, which classifies more than half of the tumors in the most aggressive molecular type as benign. Transcriptional and biochemical analyses revealed that aggressive meningiomas involve loss of the repressor function of the DREAM complex, which results in cell-cycle activation; only tumors in this category tend to recur after full resection. These findings should improve our ability to predict recurrence and develop targeted treatments for these clinically challenging tumors.

11.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 2): 113276, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563779

RESUMO

Metal(loid) resistance genes (MRGs) play important roles in conferring resistance to metal(loid)s in bacterial communities. How MRGs respond to bacterial succession during manure composting remains largely unknown. Metagenomics was used in the present study to investigate the compositional changes of MRGs, their candidate hosts and association with integrons during thermophilic composting of chicken manures. MRGs conferring resistance to 20 metal(loid)s were detected, and their diversity and abundance (normalized to the abundance of 16S rRNA genes) were significantly reduced during composting. MRGs associated with integron were exclusively observed in proteobacterial species. Class 1 integron likely played an important role in maintaining mercury-resistance mer operon genes in composts. Escherichia coli harbored the most abundant MRGs in the original composting material, whereas species of Actinobacteria and Bacilli became more important in carrying MRGs during the late phases. There were significant linear relationships between the relative abundance of some specific bacterial species (E. coli, Actinobacteria species and Enterococcus faecium) and the abundance of MRGs they potentially harbored. The succession of these bacteria contributed to an overall linear regression between the relative abundance of all predicted candidate hosts and the abundance of total MRGs. Our results suggest that the succession of bacterial community was the main driver of MRG dynamics during thermophilic composting.

12.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561642

RESUMO

Target nomination for drug development has been a major challenge in the path to finding a cure for several neurological disorders. Comprehensive transcriptome profiles have revealed brain gene expression changes associated with many neurological disorders, and the functional validation of these changes is a critical next step. Model organisms are a proven approach for the elucidation of disease mechanisms, including screening of gene candidates as therapeutic targets. Frequently, multiple models exist for a given disease, creating a challenge to select the optimal model for validation and functional follow-up. To help in nominating the best mouse models for studying neurological diseases, we developed a web portal to visualize mouse transcriptomic data related to neurological disorders: http://mmad.nrihub.org. Users can examine gene expression changes across mouse model studies to help select the optimal mouse model for further investigation. The portal provides access to mouse studies related to Alzheimer's diseases (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), and models related to aging.

13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 105: 110067, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546352

RESUMO

Development of biomedical materials for proper collagen deposition is of great importance to accelerate wound healing and thus achieving skin regeneration. Here, we report guanosine quartet hydrogels loaded with recombinant human-source collagen (G4-RHC) that can be used as medical patches for wound repair. The G4-RHC hydrogels are flexible, and when wrapped onto the skin surface, supplies proper RHC deposition for the wound. We demonstrate the efficiency of the hydrogels through in vitro assays, in vivo wound healing mouse models and histological analysis. G4-RHC hydrogels promote wound healing and facilitate skin generation due to the ability of the deposited RHC to recruit macrophages and fibroblasts to the wound site and induce their proliferation and migration. Given these features of this flexible material, the synthesized G4-RHC hydrogels hold great potential in biomedical applications involving tissue regeneration.

14.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1168-1175, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484876

RESUMO

The aims of the present study were to investigate the effects of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitors (ARNi) on the susceptibility of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in rats with myocardial infarction (MI) and to explore the related mechanisms.A total of 32 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups: a control group, MI group, and MI+ARNi group. MI was generated by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. ARNi was given at 68 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks after MI surgery. At 4 weeks after MI, electrical programmed stimulation (EPS) was performed in all groups for the evaluation of VAs, and echocardiography was used to evaluate cardiac function. Indicators of sympathetic neural remodeling and cardiac remodeling were detected to further explore the related mechanisms.Four weeks after MI, rats in the ARNi group exhibited low susceptibility of VAs in comparison with that in the MI group, which was coincident with the attenuation of sympathetic nerve remodeling, amelioration of cardiac fibrosis, and regulation of Cx43 expression.ARNi is effective in reducing VAs in rats with ischemic cardiomyopathy, which is associated with attenuating sympathetic nerve remodeling and myocardial fibrosis.


Assuntos
Conexina 43/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Neprilisina/farmacologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/tratamento farmacológico , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Biópsia por Agulha , China , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Contração Miocárdica/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/efeitos dos fármacos , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
JCI Insight ; 4(20)2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557133

RESUMO

Kabuki syndrome 1 (KS1) is a Mendelian disorder of the epigenetic machinery caused by mutations in the gene encoding KMT2D, which methylates lysine 4 on histone H3 (H3K4). KS1 is characterized by intellectual disability, postnatal growth retardation, and distinct craniofacial dysmorphisms. A mouse model (Kmt2d+/ßGeo) exhibits features of the human disorder and has provided insight into other phenotypes; however, the mechanistic basis of skeletal abnormalities and growth retardation remains elusive. Using high-resolution micro-CT, we show that Kmt2d+/ßGeo mice have shortened long bones and ventral bowing of skulls. In vivo expansion of growth plates within skulls and long bones suggests disrupted endochondral ossification as a common disease mechanism. Stable chondrocyte cell lines harboring inactivating mutations in Kmt2d exhibit precocious differentiation, further supporting this mechanism. A known inducer of chondrogenesis, SOX9, and its targets show markedly increased expression in Kmt2d-/- chondrocytes. By transcriptome profiling, we identify Shox2 as a putative KMT2D target. We propose that decreased KMT2D-mediated H3K4me3 at Shox2 releases Sox9 inhibition and thereby leads to enhanced chondrogenesis, providing a potentially novel and plausible explanation for precocious chondrocyte differentiation. Our findings provide insight into the pathogenesis of growth retardation in KS1 and suggest therapeutic approaches for this and related disorders.

16.
EBioMedicine ; 47: 414-426, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease with worldwide high prevalence. Although AS is strongly associated with HLA-B27 MHC-I antigen presentation, the role played by αß T cells in AS remains elusive. METHODS: Utilizing TCRß repertoire sequencing and bioinformatics tools developed in house, we analyzed overall TCR repertoire structures and antigen-recognizing CDR3 motifs in AS patients with different disease activities. FINDINGS: We found that disease progression is associated with both CD4+ and CD8+ T cell oligo-clonal expansion, which suggests that αß T cell activation may mediate AS disease progression. By developing a bioinformatics platform to dissect antigen-specific responses, we discovered a cell population consisting of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells expressing identical TCRs, herein termed CD4/8 T cells. CD4/8 clonotypes were highly enriched in the spondyloarthritic joint fluid of patients, and their expansion correlated with the activity of disease. INTERPRETATION: These results provide evidence on the T cell clone side to reveal the potential role of CD4/8 T cells in the etiology of AS development.

17.
J Mol Biol ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491452

RESUMO

High-throughput sequencing for transcriptome profiling is an increasingly accessible and important tool for biological research. However, accurate profiling of small cell populations remains challenging due to issues with gene detection sensitivity and experimental complexity. Here we describe a streamlined RNAseq protocol (EASY RNAseq) for sensitive transcriptome assessment starting from low amount of input materials. EASY RNAseq is technically robust enough for sequencing small pools of cells, recovering information on larger amounts of genes and with a more even expression distribution pattern than other commonly used methods. Application of EASY RNAseq to single-human embryos at the 8-cell stage led to detection of 70% of currently annotated protein-coding genes. This workflow may thus serve as a useful tool for sensitive interrogation of rare cell populations.

18.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 1049-1056, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468466

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of taurine on bowel inflammation resulting from heat stress in broilers, with the intent of providing insight into potential improvement of the condition of broilers. A total of 300 healthy 1 day AA broilers were selected, fed normally until day 7, and allocated randomly to 5 treatment groups, namely, the control group(C), the heat stress group(HS), the low Tau (LTau) group, the middle Tau (MTau) group and the high Tau (HTau) group, which represent low, medium and high concentrations of taurine respectively. In the study, various concentrations of taurine were added to the drinking water. The Heat Stress model was produced by maintaining Broilers in a room at 34 °C.Heat stress persisted for 6 h, 12 h, 7 days, and 14 days. The results showed that the expression levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-1ß of the HTau group were significantly lower than that of the HS group at all time points examined (6 h, 12 h, 7 days, and 14 days) (P < 0.05). Compared with the HS group subjected to 6 h, 12 h and 14 days of heat stress, the MTau group exhibited significantly lower degrees of TNF-α and IL-1ß expression. Moreover, the expression of IFN-γ was higher in the HS group after 6 h, 12 h and 7 days of heat stress than that of the MTau group subjected to similar times of heat stress (P < 0.05).There were no significant difference among the groups at other periods of heat stress (P > 0.05).


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestino Delgado/efeitos dos fármacos , Taurina/farmacologia , Animais , Galinhas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Temperatura Alta , Distribuição Aleatória
19.
Yi Chuan ; 41(8): 669-676, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447418

RESUMO

ß-thalassemia (ß-thal) is a fatal and disabling inherited blood disorder with diverse phenotypes. The same or similar genotype of ß-thal can manifest variable clinical severities. It is the hotspot and emphasis in the field of hematopathy and genetic diseases to explore genetic modifiers that influence the phenotype of ß-thal. This review illustrates the deteriorating and amelioratig modifiers from two aspects: genotypes of α-globin and quantitative trait locus of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F). Variations of transcription factors which reactive the γ-globin gene expression and ß-globin cluster cis-acting elements were introduced emphatically. Finally, clinical applications and future development prospects of ß-thal genetic modifiers are introduced by examples.


Assuntos
Talassemia beta/genética , Hemoglobina Fetal/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Fenótipo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , alfa-Globinas/genética , Globinas beta/genética , gama-Globinas/genética
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382672

RESUMO

High consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among adolescents has turned into a global concern due to its negative impact on health. This cross-sectional study determined the amount of SSB consumption among adolescents and its associated factors. A total of 421 adolescents aged 13.3 ± 1.3 years (41.8% males, 58.2% females) completed a self-administered questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, physical activity, screen-viewing behavior, sleep quality, frequency of eating at fast food restaurants, home food availability, peer social pressure, parenting practice, and SSB consumption. Weight and height were measured. Results showed that the mean daily consumption of SSBs among adolescents was 1038.15 ± 725.55 mL. The most commonly consumed SSB was malted drink, while the least commonly consumed SSB was instant coffee. The multiple linear regression results revealed that younger age (ß = -0.204, p < 0.001), higher physical activity (ß = 0.125, p = 0.022), higher screen time (ß = 0.147, p = 0.007), poorer sleep quality (ß = 0.228, p < 0.001), and unhealthy home food availability (ß = 0.118, p = 0.032) were associated with a higher SSB intake. Therefore, promoting a healthy lifestyle may help to reduce the excessive consumption of SSBs among adolescents.

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