Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 17 de 17
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(36): 7544-7556, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551052

RESUMO

Immunosuppressed tumor microenvironment (TME) is a major cause of the low response rate in solid tumor patients during PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint blockade therapy. In this study, a series of small molecule nanomedicines with a 100% drug loading rate were prepared via the nanoprecipitation method. They were used in synergistic chemo-immunotherapy for 4T1 tumors. Among four PD-L1 small-molecule nanoinhibitors, BMS-1 NP with the best anti-tumor performance was selected to replace the therapeutic PD-L1 antibody. The core-shell small-molecule nanomedicine DTX@VTX NP (DTX: Docetaxel and VTX: VTX-2337 or Motolimod) was used to reverse immunosuppressed TME through the depletion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and the polarization of macrophages from an M2-like phenotype to M1-like phenotype. Thus, the frequency of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells was significantly increased, resulting in an effective attack on cancer cells. Combining BMS-1 NPs with DTX@VTX NPs, synergistic chemo-immunotherapy of 4T1 tumors was performed, and the results indicate that the inhibition rates of primary and rechallenge tumors achieved 90.5% and 94.3%, respectively. These results indicate that DTX@VTX NPs can synergize PD-L1 nanoinhibitor BMS-1 NPs to reshape the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment for enhancing the anti-tumor effect of chemo-immunotherapy for breast.

2.
Adv Mater ; 33(38): e2102799, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319622

RESUMO

There has been much recent progress in the development of photothermal agents (PTAs) for biomedical and energy applications. Synthesis of organic PTAs typically involves noble metal catalysts and high temperatures. On the other hand, photochemical synthesis, as an alternative and green chemical technology, has obvious merits such as low cost, energy efficiency, and high yields. However, photochemical reactions have rarely been employed for the synthesis of PTAs. Herein, a facile and high-yield photochemical reaction is exploited for synthesizing nonplanar small molecules (NSMs) containing strong Michler's base donors and a tricyanoquinodimethane acceptor as high-performance PTAs. The synthesized NSMs show interesting photophysical properties including good absorption for photons of over 1000 nm wavelength, high near-infrared extinction coefficients, and excellent photothermal performance. Upon assembling the NSMs into nanoparticles (NSMN), they exhibit good biocompatibility, high photostability, and excellent photothermal conversion efficiency of 75%. Excited-state dynamic studies reveal that the NSMN has ultrafast nonradiative decay after photoexcitation. With these unique properties, the NSMN achieves efficient in vivo photoacoustic imaging and photothermal tumor ablation. This work demonstrates the superior potential of photochemical reactions for the synthesis of high-performance molecular PTAs.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219452

RESUMO

Solar steam generation is considered as an efficient way for addressing water shortage issues via seawater desalination and wastewater purification. In a solar evaporator, an absorber would convert optical energy to heat for evaporating nearby water. In this process, many low-boiling-point contaminants can also be evaporated along with water steam, which compromises the effectiveness of purification. There is, so far, no study on the removal of such low-boiling-point contaminants such as organic pesticides in wastewater. To address this problem, we demonstrate a versatile carbon hybrid aerogel (CHA) as a solar powered water purification platform. With an elaborate absorber design, the maximum solar evaporation rate of 2.1 kg m-2 h-1 is achieved under 1 sun illumination. More importantly, CHA can effectively suppress the evaporation of low-boiling-point contaminants including common pesticides and mercury ion via its strong adsorption and retention effect. Synergetic steaming and the adsorption of CHA will inspire more paradigms of solar steam generation technologies for applications relevant to detoxification and water remediation.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(26): 30274-30283, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170100

RESUMO

In this work, an iron self-boosting polymer nanoenzyme was prepared by using pyrrole-3-carboxylic acid as a monomer and iron as an oxidizing agent via a simple and one-step method [hereafter referred to as FePPy nanoparticles (NPs)]. In fact, researchers previously paid negligible attention on the iron element during the polymerization reaction of polypyrrole, thus the intrinsically catalytic functions and enzymatic activities of the high iron content (wt %: 21.11%) are ignored and not fully explored. As expected, results demonstrate that the as-synthesized FePPy NPs can decompose H2O2 to generate hydroxyl radicals (•OH) which exhibit enzyme characteristics, further inducing a nonapoptotic ferroptosis pathway. Moreover, the nanoenzyme shows impressive photothermal properties which can accelerate the Fenton reactions to enhance ferroptosis. The combined photothermal and ferroptosis therapy of FePPy NPs was found to have high efficacy. With the properties of easy synthesis, high efficacy, and good biocompatibility, the FePPy NPs are considered as potential agents for cancer treatments.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/efeitos da radiação , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/efeitos da radiação , Ácidos Carboxílicos/uso terapêutico , Catálise , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Radical Hidroxila/metabolismo , Ferro/química , Ferro/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/efeitos da radiação , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos da radiação , Terapia Fototérmica , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/efeitos da radiação , Polímeros/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/química , Pirróis/efeitos da radiação , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Temperatura
5.
Small ; : e2101487, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151518

RESUMO

As a sustainable and clean water production technology, solar thermal water evaporation has been extensively studied in the past few years. One challenge is that upon operation, salt would form on surface of the solar absorbers leading to inefficient water supply and light absorption and thus much reduced water vaporization rate. To address this problem, a simple solar evaporator based on an array of aligned millineedles for efficient solar water evaporation and controlled site-specific salt formation is demonstrated. The maximum solar evaporation rate achieved is 2.94 kg m-2 h-1 under one Sun irradiation in brine of high salinity (25 wt% NaCl), achieving energy conversion efficiency of 94.5% simultaneously. More importantly, the spontaneously site-specific salt formation on the tips of millineedles endows this solar evaporator with salt harvesting capacity. Rationally separating the clean water and salt from brine by condensation and gravity assistance, this tip-preferential crystallization solar evaporator is not affected by the salt clogging compared with conventional 2D solar evaporators. This study provides new insights on the design of solar evaporators and advances their applications in sustainable seawater desalination and wastewater management.

6.
Nanoscale ; 13(17): 8012-8016, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884397

RESUMO

While photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer has attracted much recent attention, its general applications are limited by the shallow tissue penetration depth of short-wavelength photons and the low oxygen contents in typical solid tumors. Herein, we develop small molecule (BthB)-based nanoparticles (NPs) which not only generate heat for effective photothermal therapy (PTT), but also generate superoxide radicals (O2˙-) for hypoxia-overcoming photodynamic therapy (PDT) upon irradiation with an 808 nm laser. To the best of our knowledge, there are few reports of organic PDT agents which can work in hypoxia upon irradiation with photons having wavelengths longer than 800 nm. With the merits of NIR-excitability for better penetration depth, the BthB NPs are demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo to be highly effective for cancer ablation.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Hipóxia , Nanomedicina , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Oxigênio Singlete , Superóxidos
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(14): 15983-15991, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788531

RESUMO

Organic small molecule-based phototheranostics hold great promise for clinical translation by virtue of their distinct chemical structure, easy reproducibility, and high purity. However, reported molecular agents typically have relatively low optical absorbances, particularly over the near-infrared (NIR) region, and this limits their phototheranostic performance. Herein, we first exploit a diradicaloid molecular structure for enhancing NIR absorption to facilitate efficient photoacoustic imaging (PAI)-guided photothermal therapy (PTT). The donor-acceptor interaction in the diradicaloid molecule (DRM) leads to strong charge transfer resulting on obvious diradical characteristics, which is beneficial for NIR absorption. The DRM possesses excellent light-harvesting ability, with a mass extinction coefficient of ∼220 L g-1 cm-1, which is much higher than those (∼5-100 L g-1 cm-1) of typical organic molecules. After assembling into nanoparticles, they show good water dispersibility, good photostability, and impressive performance for PAI-guided PTT in vitro and in vivo. The impressive in vitro and in vivo performances show that developing small molecules with diradicaloid structures can be an effective approach for enhancing NIR harvesting capability for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Terapia Fototérmica , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Células 3T3 , Células A549 , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas
8.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(10): e2100055, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738983

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is extensively explored for anticancer and antibacterial applications. It typically relies on oxygen-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to realize its killing effect. This type of therapy modality shows compromised therapeutic results for treating hypoxic tumors or bacteria-infected wounds. Recently, alkyl radicals attracted much attention as they can be generated from some azo-based initiators only under mild heat stimulus without oxygen participation. Many nanocarriers or hydrogel systems have been developed to load and deliver these radical initiators to lesion sites for theranostics. These systems show good anticancer or antimicrobial effect in hypoxic environment and some of them possess specific imaging abilities providing precise guidance for treatment. This review summarizes the developed materials that aim at treating hypoxic cancer and bacteria-infected wound by using this kind of oxygen-irrelevant alkyl radicals. Based on the carrier components, these agents are divided into three groups: inorganic, organic, as well as inorganic and organic hybrid carrier-based therapeutic systems. The construction of these agents and their specific advantages in biomedical field are highlighted. Finally, the existing problems and future promising development directions are discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Hipóxia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Oxigênio , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
9.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 6(2): 177-185, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443277

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) synergized photothermal therapy (PTT) shows superior clinical application prospects than single PDT or PTT. On the other hand, multimodal imaging can delineate comprehensive information about the lesion site and thus help to improve therapy accuracy. However, integrating all these functions into one single molecule is challenging, let alone balancing and maximizing the efficacy of each function. Herein, a near-infrared (NIR) small molecule (ETTC) with an "acceptor-donor-acceptor" structure was designed and synthesized by coupling rigity and flexibility to simultaneously achieve NIR-II fluorescence imaging (NIR-II FLI), photoacoustic imaging, PTT and PDT. The efficacy of each functionality was well balanced and optimized (NIR-II quantum yield: 3.0%; reactive oxygen species generation: 3.2-fold higher than ICG; photothermal conversion efficiency: 52.8%), which may be attributed to the coupling of the rigid and flexible structures in ETTC to tactically manipulate the energy dissipation paths (non-radiative against radiative decay). As a proof-of-concept, under the effective guidance of local-tumor imaging by PA and whole-body imaging by NIR-II FL, complete tumor eradication was achieved via PDT and PTT combinational therapy. This work provides a novel perspective into conceiving and developing single molecule for efficient versatile biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Corantes Fluorescentes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Tiofenos/uso terapêutico , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Terapia Fototérmica/métodos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Tiofenos/síntese química , Tiofenos/toxicidade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
Small ; 16(47): e2004551, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125185

RESUMO

Water-splitting has been extensively studied especially for energy applications. It is often not paid with enough attention for biomedical applications. In fact, several innovative breakthroughs have been achieved in the past few years by employing water-splitting for treating cancer and other diseases. Interestingly, among these important works, only two reports have mentioned the term "water-splitting." For this reason, the importance of water-splitting for biomedical applications is significantly underestimated. This progress work is written with the aims to explain and summarize how the principle of water-splitting is employed to achieve therapeutic results not offered by conventional approaches. It is expected that this progress report will not only explain the importance of water-splitting to scientists in the biomedical fields, it should also draw attention from scientists working on energy applications of water-splitting.


Assuntos
Terapêutica , Água , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Tecnologia Biomédica/tendências , Neoplasias/terapia , Terapêutica/métodos , Terapêutica/tendências , Água/química
11.
ACS Nano ; 14(8): 9917-9928, 2020 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706236

RESUMO

Effective multimodality phototheranostics under deep-penetration laser excitation is highly desired for tumor medicine, which is still at a deadlock due to lack of versatile photosensitizers with absorption located in the long-wavelength region. Herein, we demonstrate a stable organic photosensitizer nanoparticle based on molecular engineering of benzo[c]thiophene (BT)-based photoactivated molecules with strong wavelength-tunable absorption in the near-infrared region. Via molecular design, the absorption and singlet oxygen generation of BT molecules would be reliably tuned. Importantly, the nanoparticles with a red-shifted absorption peak of 843 nm not only show over 10-fold reactive oxygen species yield compared with indocyanine green but also demonstrate a notable photothermal effect and photoacoustic signal upon 808 nm excitation. The in vitro and in vivo experiments substantiate good multimodal anticancer efficacy and imaging performance of BT theranostics. This work provides an organic photosensitizer nanoparticle with long-wavelength excitation and high photoenergy conversion efficiency for multimodality phototherapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Fototerapia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
12.
Adv Mater ; 32(33): e2001146, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627868

RESUMO

Extensive recent progress has been made on the design and applications of organic photothermal agents for biomedical applications because of their excellent biocompatibility comparing with inorganic materials. One major hurdle for the further development and applications of organic photothermal agents is the rarity of high-performance materials in the second near-infrared (NIR-II) window, which allows deep tissue penetration and causes minimized side effects. Up till now, there have been few reported NIR-II-active photothermal agents and their photothermal conversion efficiencies are relatively low. Herein, optical absorption of π-conjugated small molecules from the first NIR window to the NIR-II window is precisely regulated by molecular surgery of substituting an individual atom. With this technique, the first demonstration of a conjugated oligomer (IR-SS) with an absorption peak beyond 1000 nm is presented, and its nanoparticle achieves a record-high photothermal conversion efficiency of 77% under 1064 nm excitation. The nanoparticles show a good photoacoustic response, photothermal therapeutic efficacy, and biocompatibility in vitro and in vivo. This work develops a strategy to boost the light-harvesting efficiency in the NIR-II window for cancer theranostics, offering an important step forward in advancing the design and application of NIR-II photothermal agents.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico , Desenho de Fármacos , Raios Infravermelhos/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia/métodos , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/uso terapêutico , Temperatura , Fenômenos Ópticos , Polimerização , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química
13.
Small ; 16(34): e2002672, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697430

RESUMO

Multi-modality imaging-guided cancer therapy is considered as a powerful theranostic platform enabling simultaneous precise diagnosis and treatment of cancer. However, recently reported multifunctional systems with multiple components and sophisticate structures remain major obstacles for further clinical translation. In this work, a single-photomolecular theranostic nanoplatform is fabricated via a facile nanoprecipitation strategy. By encapsulating a semiconductor oligomer (IT-S) into an amphiphilic lipid, water-dispersible IT-S nanoparticles (IT-S NPs) are prepared. The obtained IT-S NPs have a very simple construction and possess ultra-stable near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence (FL)/photoacoustic (PA) dual-modal imaging and high photothermal conversion efficiency of 72.3%. Accurate spatiotemporal distribution profiles of IT-S NPs are successfully visualized by NIR FL/PA dual-modal imaging. With the comprehensive in vivo imaging information provided by IT-S NPs, tumor photothermal ablation is readily realized under precise manipulation of laser irradiation, which greatly improves the therapeutic efficacy without any obvious side effects. Therefore, the IT-S NPs allow high tumor therapeutic efficacy under the precise guidance of FL/PA imaging techniques and thus hold great potential as an effective theranostic platform for future clinical applications.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Imagem Óptica , Fototerapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
14.
ACS Nano ; 13(11): 12901-12911, 2019 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682416

RESUMO

We developed a biodegradable photothermal therapeutic (PTT) agent, π-conjugated oligomer nanoparticles (F8-PEG NPs), for highly efficient cancer theranostics. By exploiting an oligomer with excellent near-infrared (NIR) absorption, the nanoparticles show a high photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE) up to 82%, surpassing those of reported inorganic and organic PTT agents. In addition, the oligomer nanoparticles show excellent photostability and good biodegradability. The F8-PEG NPs are also demonstrated to have excellent biosafety and PTT efficacy both in vitro and in vivo. This contribution not only proposes a promising oligomer-based PTT agent but also provides insight into developing highly efficient nanomaterials for cancer theranostics.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/terapia , Fototerapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Células A549 , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(44): 41051-41061, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602976

RESUMO

A recent breakthrough in the discovery of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters characterized by small single-triplet energy offsets (ΔEST) offers a wealth of new opportunities to exploit high-performance metal-free photosensitizers. In this report, two intrinsically cancer-mitochondria-targeted TADF emitters-based nanoparticles (TADF NPs) have been developed for two-photon-activated photodynamic therapy (PDT) and fluorescence imaging. The as-prepared TADF NPs integrate the merits of (1) high 1O2 quantum yield of 52%, (2) sufficient near-infrared light penetration depth due to two-photon activation, and (3) excellent structure-inherent mitochondria-targeting capabilities without extra chemical or physical modifications, inducing remarkable endogenous mitochondria-specific reactive oxygen species production and excellent cancer-cell-killing ability at an ultralow light irradiance. We believe that the development of such intrinsically multifunctional TADF NPs stemming from a single molecule will provide new insights into exploration of novel PDT agents with strong photosensitizing ability for various biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Nanopartículas/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fótons , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Teoria Quântica , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo
16.
Nano Lett ; 19(2): 658-665, 2019 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346182

RESUMO

To make nanomedicine potentially applicable in a clinical setting, several methods have been developed to synthesize pure nanodrugs (PNDs) without using any additional inert carriers. In this work, we report a novel green, low-cost, and scalable ice-template-assisted approach which shows several unique characteristics. First, the whole process only requires adding a drug solution into an ice template and subsequent melting (or freeze-drying), allowing easy industrial mass production with low capital investment. Second, the production yield is much higher than that of the traditional reprecipitation approach. The yield of Curcumin (Cur) PNDs is over two orders (∼140 times) magnitude higher than that obtained in a typical reprecipitation preparation. By adjusting simple processing parameters, PNDs with different sizes (∼20-200 nm) can be controllably obtained. Finally, the present approach can be easily applicable for a wide range of hydrophobic therapeutic drugs without any structural modification.

17.
Biomaterials ; 181: 92-102, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30081305

RESUMO

Understanding the relationship between polymer chemical structure and its performance of photoacoustic imaging (PAI) and photothermal therapy (PTT) is important for developing ideal PAI/PTT agents. In this report, four semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNs) with different donor-acceptor architectures are self-assembled for highly effective PAI-guided PTT. In particular, SPN1 with the longest π-conjugation length and the highest mass extinction coefficient which are beneficial for intramolecular charge transfer as well as light harvesting, exhibits the highest photothermal conversion efficiency up to 52.6%. Moreover, the as-prepared SPN1 possess good water-dispersibility, robust size-stability and excellent photothermal properties. Furthermore, the SPN1 not only exhibits a remarkable cancer cell-killing ability but also shows a prominent tumor inhibition capacity. Finally, the as-prepared water-dispersible SPN1 displays good biocompatibility and biosafety, making it a promising candidate for future biomedical applications. Considering the plenty of near-infrared absorbing semiconducting polymer available, our work provides fundamental insights for rational design and preparation of highly efficient SPN-based PAI/PTT agents for cancer theranostics.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas/química , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Fototerapia/métodos , Polímeros/química , Semicondutores , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Células A549 , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...