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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462619

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The associations of circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels with bone mineral density and fracture risk are inconclusive in observational studies. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a mendelian randomization study to assess the associations of serum IGF-1 levels with estimated bone mineral density (eBMD) and fracture. METHODS: Genetic instruments for IGF-1 were selected at the genome-wide significance level (P < 5 × 10-8) from a genome-wide association study including 358 072 individuals of European ancestry. Summary-level data for eBMD (426 824 individuals) and fracture (53 184 fracture cases and 373 611 noncases) were obtained from the UK Biobank study. Univariable and multivariable mendelian randomization analyses methods were used to estimate the associations of IGF-1 with eBMD and fracture. The main outcome measure included the change of eBMD and odds ratio of fracture per genetically predicted 1-SD increase of serum IGF-1 levels. RESULTS: For 1-SD increase in IGF-1, the change of eBMD levels was 0.04 g/cm2 (95% CI, 0.01-0.07; P = .011) and the odds ratio of fracture was 0.94 (95% CI, 0.91-0.98; P = .003). The associations persisted with similar magnitude after adjustment for height. The association was consistent for fracture but not for eBMD after excluding genetic instruments that might directly influence these outcomes. The association between IGF-1 and fracture was somewhat attenuated after adjustment for eBMD (odds ratio 0.96; 95% CI, 0.92-0.99; P = .012). CONCLUSION: The present study supports a role for IGF-1 in preventing fracture, possibly and partly mediated by greater bone mineral density.

2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(2): 116-122, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-904155

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The aim here was to elucidate the current survival condition of patients diagnosed with Ewing's sarcoma of the bones and joints and determine independent risk factors associated with the prognosis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database in the United States. METHODS: We identified 397 patients who were diagnosed with Ewing's sarcoma of the bones and joints between January 2004 and December 2013. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine factors associated with the risk of death by adjusting for various factors. RESULTS: The one, two and five-year disease-specific survival rates were 89.08%, 78.08% and 62.47%, respectively. The factors related to death were age (≥ 18 years versus < 18 years; hazard ratio, HR = 1.77; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.38-2.31); tumor site (extremity versus spine and pelvis; HR = 2.03; 95% CI: 1.31-2.62); tumor size (> 10 cm versus ≤ 10 cm; HR = 1.78; 95% CI: 1.34-2.56); and type of treatment (surgery alone versus radiotherapy with surgery; HR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.38-0.89; or radiotherapy alone versus radiotherapy with surgery; HR = 1.61; 95% CI: 1.10-2.39; or no treatment versus radiotherapy with surgery; HR = 1.86; 95% CI: 1.23, 2.58). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with Ewing's sarcoma showed poor survival in situations of age ≥ 18 years, tumor size > 10 cm, receiving radiotherapy alone and receiving no treatment. Patients undergoing surgery alone had better survival.

3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(1): 89-93, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-904128

RESUMO

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: To study the previously discovered clinical entity of adult intestinal duplication and its treatment, and propose an extension to its existing classification. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an adult male with abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting. This patient underwent surgical separation of adhesions, reduction of torsion and intestinal decompression. Postoperative pathological findings confirmed the rare diagnosis of intestinal duplication. CONCLUSION: Adult intestinal duplication is quite rare. Its clinical manifestations are nonspecific. From this finding of intestinal duplication originating at the opposite side of the mesenteric margin, a further extension of the existing anatomical classification is proposed.

4.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 136(1): 89-93, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29236936

RESUMO

CONTEXT: To study the previously discovered clinical entity of adult intestinal duplication and its treatment, and propose an extension to its existing classification. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an adult male with abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting. This patient underwent surgical separation of adhesions, reduction of torsion and intestinal decompression. Postoperative pathological findings confirmed the rare diagnosis of intestinal duplication. CONCLUSION: Adult intestinal duplication is quite rare. Its clinical manifestations are nonspecific. From this finding of intestinal duplication originating at the opposite side of the mesenteric margin, a further extension of the existing anatomical classification is proposed.


Assuntos
Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestino Delgado/anormalidades , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 136(2): 116-122, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim here was to elucidate the current survival condition of patients diagnosed with Ewing's sarcoma of the bones and joints and determine independent risk factors associated with the prognosis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database in the United States. METHODS: We identified 397 patients who were diagnosed with Ewing's sarcoma of the bones and joints between January 2004 and December 2013. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine factors associated with the risk of death by adjusting for various factors. RESULTS: The one, two and five-year disease-specific survival rates were 89.08%, 78.08% and 62.47%, respectively. The factors related to death were age (≥ 18 years versus < 18 years; hazard ratio, HR = 1.77; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.38-2.31); tumor site (extremity versus spine and pelvis; HR = 2.03; 95% CI: 1.31-2.62); tumor size (> 10 cm versus ≤ 10 cm; HR = 1.78; 95% CI: 1.34-2.56); and type of treatment (surgery alone versus radiotherapy with surgery; HR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.38-0.89; or radiotherapy alone versus radiotherapy with surgery; HR = 1.61; 95% CI: 1.10-2.39; or no treatment versus radiotherapy with surgery; HR = 1.86; 95% CI: 1.23, 2.58). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with Ewing's sarcoma showed poor survival in situations of age ≥ 18 years, tumor size > 10 cm, receiving radiotherapy alone and receiving no treatment. Patients undergoing surgery alone had better survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Sarcoma de Ewing/mortalidade , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
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