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1.
Food Chem ; 372: 131247, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627090

RESUMO

The effects of HHP and storage temperature on bacterial counts, color, fatty acids and flavor compounds of oysters Crassostrea ariakensis were investigated. Counts of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus decreased to undetectable levels in ≥ 400 MPa-treated oysters. Storage at -20 °C significantly restrained microbial growth compared to 4 °C (P < 0.05). L* values of HHP-treated oysters significantly increased compared to raw oysters (P < 0.05). Storage slightly affected the color according to total color difference (ΔE*) values. Fatty acid profiles and betaine contents in 400 and 600 MPa-treated oysters at 0 and 15 d were almost the same as raw samples. Contents of total free amino acids (FAAs), Na+ and Ca2+ were significantly higher in 400 and 600 MPa-treated oysters than those in raw oysters at 0 d (P < 0.05), while the opposite results were observed in 5'-adenosine monophosphate (AMP), 5'-guanosine monophosphate (GMP), citric acid, succinic acid, K+ and PO43- (P < 0.05). At 400 and 600 MPa, FAAs significantly decreased after 15-d storage at 4 °C and -20 °C (P < 0.05), while no significant changes were observed in nucleotides, organic acids and inorganic ions.


Assuntos
Crassostrea , Ostreidae , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Animais , Carga Bacteriana , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Pressão Hidrostática , Paladar , Temperatura
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648929

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to characterize the full-length cDNA of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in Procambarus clarkii (Pcjnk) and evaluate its potential function under different molt cycle. The full-length cDNA of Pcjnk covered 2937 bp with an open reading frame of 1320 bp, encoding 439 amino acids. A typical conserved TPY motif (118Thr-Pro-120Tyr) was found in Pcjnk. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed a constitutive expression of Pcjnk in the tested tissue, with the highest expression occurring in the hepatopancreas. Additionally, the present study initially revealed that relative mRNA expression of Pcjnk and apoptosis level were significantly higher in the premolt stage (D1/D2 and D3/D4 stage) as compared to other molt stages. In contrast to the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) level decreased significantly from the intermolt stage (C stage) to the premolt stage (D1/D2 and D3/D4 stage), then increased from the premolt stage to the postmolt stage (A and B stage). The results obtained in the present study indicated that molt could cause apoptosis induced by oxidative stress through the activation of JNK in Procambarus clarkii.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127005, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479080

RESUMO

The excessive cost, unsustainability or complex production of new highly selective electrocatalysts for H2O2 production, especially noble-metal-based ones, is prohibitive in the water treatment sector. To solve this conundrum, biomass-derived carbons with adequate textural properties were synthesized via agarose double-step pyrolysis followed by steam activation. A longer steam treatment enhanced the graphitization and porosity, even surpassing commercial carbon black. Steam treatment for 20 min yielded the greatest surface area (1248 m2 g-1), enhanced the mesopore/micropore volume distribution and increased the activity (E1/2 = 0.609 V) and yield of H2O2 (40%) as determined by RRDE. The upgraded textural properties had very positive impact on the ability of the corresponding gas-diffusion electrodes (GDEs) to accumulate H2O2, reaching Faradaic current efficiencies of ~95% at 30 min. Acidic solutions of ß-blocker acebutolol were treated by photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) process in synthetic media with and without chloride. In urban wastewater, total drug disappearance was reached at 60 min with almost 50% mineralization after 360 min at only 10 mA cm-2. Up to 14 degradation products were identified in the Cl--containing medium.

4.
Anal Chem ; 93(45): 14934-14939, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723511

RESUMO

The mesh-type USB piezoelectric ultrasonic transducer (USB-PUT) used in household humidifiers and inhalation therapy devices is very cheap, small, and energy saving. It holds great promise for sonochemistry. However, the microtapered apertures in the center of the stainless steel substrate of mesh-type USB-PUT can lead to rapid atomization of solution, leakage of solutions containing surfactants and organic solvent through the apertures, and high background emission. Herein, we design a new type of USB-PUT by replacing the meshed stainless steel substrate with an apertureless stainless steel substrate. We have found that this apertureless USB-PUT can not only induce intense sonochemiluminescence (SCL) but can also enable sensitive luminol SCL detection of hydrogen peroxide which is practically impossible using mesh-type PUT because of the strong background SCL emission. By using this apertureless device to induce SCL and using smart phone as a detector, a visual hydrogen peroxide SCL detection method with a linear range of 0.5-50 µM and a detection limit of 0.32 µM is established. Moreover, the device can achieve the detection of glucose oxidase (GOD) activity and glucose by enzymatic conversion of glucose to hydrogen peroxide. The linear range of GOD detection is 1-200U/L with a detection limit of 0.86 U/L. The linear range of glucose detection is 0.5-70 µM with a detection limit of 0.43 µM. The cheap (a few dollars) and user-friendly apertureless USB-PUT is promising for sonochemistry applications and chemical education.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Glucose , Glucose Oxidase , Limite de Detecção , Transdutores , Ultrassom
5.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt B): 131453, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731807

RESUMO

The aroma and taste of Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) fed with different dietary protein were investigated by E-tongue and gas chromatography-ion migration spectrometry (GC-IMS) after cooking. The results showed that dietary protein sources had no significant growth performance. Nevertheless, significantly higher richness taste was observed in animal protein group. The inosine-5'-monophosphate content in animal protein group was significantly higher than that in plant protein group. Twelve aldehydes, eleven alcohols, six ketones, three esters, and two acids were identified in the muscle using GC-IMS. 2-Propanol (monomer), 3-octanol (monomer), 3-furanmethanol (dimer), 2-methyl-1-pentanol (monomer), heptanal (monomer), and allylacetic acid (monomer) changed significantly between dietary animal protein and plant protein. These results suggested that dietary plant and animal protein have a similar effect on the growth performance. For the flavor, the crayfish fed with animal protein had higher volatiles and IMP contents, which might contribute to higher richness.

6.
Opt Express ; 29(23): 38199-38205, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808877

RESUMO

We demonstrate a femtosecond all-polarization-maintaining Nd fiber laser working at 920 nm mode locked by a biased non-linear loop mirror. The broadest spectral width of the pulse is 25.2 nm and the output power is 8 mW with 320 mW pump power. The measured pulse width is 109 fs with extra-cavity compression. The laser configuration of all-polarization-maintaining fiber can directly enhance the environmental stability of generated pulses. The seed pulses of the oscillator were amplified over 400 mW, which served as the light source for a two-photon microscope. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a 920 nm femtosecond Nd polarization-maintaining fiber laser based on a non-linear loop mirror.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5393-5402, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738443

RESUMO

To study the active chemical components and mechanism of Liangfu Dropping Pills in treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. The UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was employed to analyze the components of Liangfu Dropping Pills in plasma. The protein targets of the absorbed compounds were predicted in the TCMSP database and the SwissTargetPrediction database. The targets associated with gastrointestinal diseases were collected from OMIM, CTD, GeneCards, and DrugBank. The common target genes between components and diseases were screened out for the building of protein-protein interaction(PPI) network in the STRING database. Metascape was used to carry out gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Cytoscape was employed to construct the PPI network diagram and absorbed component-target network diagram. The molecular docking between the components absorbed in blood and potential key targets was performed by AutoDock vina 4.2.6 to screen and verify the main active components and targets. Twelve chemcial components were identified in Liangfu Dropping Pills, in which four components were absorbed in blood, including galangin, rhamnocitrin, galangin 3-methyl ether, and α-cyperone. These components acted on 189 common targets which were mainly involved in the cell responses to nitrogen compounds, organic cyclic compounds, and hormones, and enriched in the PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, Foxo signaling pathway, and IL-17 signaling pathway. Molecular docking results showed that the four components had strong affinity with core targets. The material basis of Liangfu Dropping Pills treating gastrointestinal diseases may be galangin, rhamnocitrin, galangin 3-methyl ether, and α-cyperone. This study provides a theoretical basis for further development and application of Liangfu Dripping Pills.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Gastroenteropatias , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Opt Express ; 29(16): 26068-26081, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614920

RESUMO

For the fast and robust control of the delay lines for coherent pulse stacking, we combined the stochastic parallel gradient descent with momentum (SPGDM) and the soft actor-critic (SAC) into a powerful algorithm, SAC-SPGDM. The simulation shows that the algorithm can find the optimal delay-line positions to ensure the 128 pulses are coherently stacked for 7-stage pulses stacking within 25 steps.

9.
Neurosci Bull ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637091

RESUMO

Understanding the connection between brain and behavior in animals requires precise monitoring of their behaviors in three-dimensional (3-D) space. However, there is no available three-dimensional behavior capture system that focuses on rodents. Here, we present MouseVenue3D, an automated and low-cost system for the efficient capture of 3-D skeleton trajectories in markerless rodents. We improved the most time-consuming step in 3-D behavior capturing by developing an automatic calibration module. Then, we validated this process in behavior recognition tasks, and showed that 3-D behavioral data achieved higher accuracy than 2-D data. Subsequently, MouseVenue3D was combined with fast high-resolution miniature two-photon microscopy for synchronous neural recording and behavioral tracking in the freely-moving mouse. Finally, we successfully decoded spontaneous neuronal activity from the 3-D behavior of mice. Our findings reveal that subtle, spontaneous behavior modules are strongly correlated with spontaneous neuronal activity patterns.

10.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(5): 503-506, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a self deep breathing training device which can improve lung function compliance and blood oxygen saturation. METHODS: The device consists of four parts:flow tube, measuring cylinder, mobile phone holder and meridian guidance audio-visual synthesis training software. The flow tube measures the flow rate of inhaled gas, the metering cylinder measures the total amount of inhaled gas, and the mobile phone rack is equipped with a mobile phone storing the meridian guidance audio-visual synthesis training software. RESULTS: The device is reasonable in structure and flexible in operation, which can meet the requirements of self deep inspiration training under the guidance of training module. CONCLUSIONS: Deep inspiration training under the guidance of guidance training module can form "deep and slow" abdominal breathing, and then improve lung function.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Meridianos , Pulmão , Software
11.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 686698, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426735

RESUMO

Plant-specific TCP transcription factors play vital roles in the controlling of growth, development, and the stress response processes. Extensive researches have been carried out in numerous species, however, there hasn't been any information available about TCP genes in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.). In this study, a genome-wide analysis of TCP genes was carried out to explore the evolution and function in sweet potato. Altogether, 18 IbTCPs were identified and cloned. The expression profiles of the IbTCPs differed dramatically in different organs or different stages of leaf development. Furthermore, four CIN-clade IbTCP genes contained miR319-binding sites. Blocking IbmiR319 significantly increased the expression level of IbTCP11/17 and resulted in a decreased photosynthetic rate due to the change in leaf submicroscopic structure, indicating the significance of IbmiR319-targeted IbTCPs in leaf anatomical morphology. A systematic analyzation on the characterization of the IbTCPs together with the primary functions in leaf anatomical morphology were conducted to afford a basis for further study of the IbmiR319/IbTCP module in association with leaf anatomical morphology in sweet potato.

12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 689021, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368059

RESUMO

Background: To identify distinct trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in a large sample of Chinese children by urban-rural and sex disparities. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from the National Surveys on Chinese Students' Constitution and Health among 16,060 children aged 6-11 years. Weight and height data were used to calculate BMI. Group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) was used to identify distinct BMI trajectories. Results: Seven distinct trajectories were identified, "sustained healthy weight" (46.01%), "sustained obesity" (17.26%), "sustained underweight" (4.50%), "obesity to overweight" (6.45%), "obesity to healthy weight" (11.75%), "healthy weight to overweight" (8.67%), and "healthy weight to obesity" (5.36%). The proportions of "sustained obesity," "healthy weight to obesity," and "healthy weight to overweight" trajectories were much higher among boys compared with girls (P < 0.001). Meanwhile, children living in rural areas were more represented in the "healthy weight to obesity" trajectory (P < 0.001). Conclusion: In this study, the proportions of BMI development trajectories among 6-11-year-old children varied by sex and urban-rural areas, which may require tailored interventions specifically toward these at-risk trajectories.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , População Rural , Magreza
13.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 4687-4694, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447263

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine the clinical manifestations and results of adult hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) patients in our emergency department. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients with HLH from 1 April 2018 to 31 December 2020. The clinical data of these patients (basic information, symptoms, vital signs, laboratory results, HLH diagnostic criteria, H Score, main treatments, outcomes) were collected. Results: Thirty-three patients (23 males and 10 females; 40.55±18.78 years) with 34 clinical episodes (one male had two clinical episodes and died during the second episode) were enrolled. Twenty-five patients were placed in a "survivor" group, and nine patients were categorized into a "deceased" group. Fever, splenomegaly, hemoglobin <90 g/L and platelet count <100×109/L most commonly met the diagnostic standard for HLH. The H Score results in the survival group and deceased group was 212.4±37.18 and 252.1±40.95, respectively. Viral infection was the most common reason for HLH, followed by immune-system disease and cancer. Laboratory tests showed that deceased-group patients had multiple-organ dysfunction. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the lactate dehydrogenase (lactate dehydrogenase) level (P = 0.039; odds ratio, 0.999) was significantly related to death. Conclusion: In the emergency department, HLH should be considered for critically ill patients with fever, splenomegaly, low hemoglobin and low platelet count. The H Score might be useful to diagnose HLH quickly. In our study, 26.47% of HLH patients died in the emergency department, and patients with a significantly increased lactate dehydrogenase level had a markedly increased risk of death.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274605

RESUMO

Lignans from Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (LFS) has been proved to improve impaired cognitive ability thereby show potential in treating Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS and UHPLC-QQQ-MS were adopted cooperatively to establish a method synchronously detecting 10 kinds of LFS monomers in rat plasma samples. And this method was further applied for pharmacokinetic study to compare the metabolism of LFS in normal and AD rats. The results indicated that AD rats showed an observably better absorption of LFS compared to normal rats. Based on time-varying plasma concentration of LFS, metabolomics was used to establish a plasma concentration-time-endogenous metabolite connection. In total 54 time-varying endogenous metabolites were screened and most of which were closely associated with AD. And LFS exerted a concentration dependent regulating effect to most of these metabolites. Through biomarker related pathways and biological function analysis, LFS might treat AD through neuroprotection, antioxidant damage and regulating the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids. This is the first study connecting LFS absorbtion and endogenous metabolite changes with the time lapse. The pharmacokinetics and metabolic profile differences between normal and AD rats were firstly investigated as well. This study provides a novel perspective in exploring the effect and mechanism of LFS in treating AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Lignanas , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais , Schisandra/química , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lignanas/farmacocinética , Lignanas/farmacologia , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
15.
Pathol Res Pract ; 225: 153561, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325316

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in the regulation of human thyroid cancer (TC), including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC); PTC is the most common pathological subtype of TC. To date, the expression, function, and mechanism of the lncRNA CASC15 in PTC remain unclear. The present study results showed that CASC15 was overexpressed in PTC tissues compared with normal tissues and acted as a potent oncogene to promote the proliferation and tumorigenesis of PTC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that CASC15 could serve as an endogenous miRNA sponge to absorb and downregulate miR-7151-5p, thereby preventing the inhibition of WNT7A during PTC progression. Furthermore, the study demonstrated that CASC15 activated the WNT/ß­catenin signaling pathway by upregulating WNT7A in PTC. Taken together, our findings identified CASC15 as a potential diagnostic marker or therapeutic target for PTC progression. DATA AVAILABILITY: Please contact the corresponding author for a data request.

16.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 3511-3516, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295179

RESUMO

Background: Musculoskeletal infection (MSKI) is a common reason to seek medical care in the emergency department (ED). We aimed to determine the clinical characteristics and etiology of patients with MSKI in our ED, the characteristics of MSKI with sepsis, and the predictors of death in sepsis patients. Methods: The study retrospectively analyzed patients with MSKI from April 1, 2017, to March 31, 2021. The patients were divided into non-sepsis and sepsis groups. Clinical data of these patients including their basic information, laboratory results, diagnostic results, and outcomes were collected. Statistical analysis was carried out using GraphPad Prism 5. Results: In all, 106 patients (70 male, 36 female) were enrolled in this study: 43 MSKI patients with sepsis and 63 MSKI patients without sepsis. Five patients with sepsis died. The patients' age and sex ratio were no significantly different between the sepsis and non-sepsis groups. In the sepsis group, the ratio of rheumatic diseases, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and deep vein thrombosis was significantly different than that in the non-sepsis group (all p<0.05). Fifty-six patients (54.37%) had positive etiology results. Staphylococcus, streptococcus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli were the most common bacteria found in both groups, but sepsis patients had more Candida albicans infections than non-sepsis patients (p=0.0331, p<0.05). The five patients who died in the sepsis group had higher serum levels of creatinine and procalcitonin (PCT). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that PCT (p=0.026; odds ratio, 1.038) was significantly related to mortality. Conclusion: In MSKI patients, rheumatic diseases, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and deep vein thrombosis are the risk factors for sepsis. Staphylococcus, streptococcus, K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa, and E. coli were the most common bacteria in MSKI patients, while MSKI patients with sepsis had more C. albicans infections. Elevated PCT was significantly related to death in sepsis patients.

17.
Can J Microbiol ; 67(11): 827-834, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283923

RESUMO

Rice aggregate sheath spot disease occurs in many countries and causes serious yield losses. In China, the disease-causing fungus Rhizoctonia oryzae-sativae was reported in 1985, and since then, it has rarely been reported in major rice-growing areas after almost 30 years. Compared with Rhizoctonia solani, R. oryzae-sativae has a significantly different physiological morphology and growth status, although both fungi affect rice leaves in very similar ways. The optimum temperature for the suitable growth of R. oryzae-sativae is 31 °C, which is consistent with previous reports. We extracted phytotoxins from R. oryzae-sativae and analyzed its biological activity via the detached leaf and radicle inhibition methods. Rhizoctonia solani and R. oryzae-sativae exhibit differences in terms of pathogenicity and toxin activity, which indicates that these fungi may produce different toxin components. Based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry data, esters, phenols, and other components were present in the crude toxin extract of R. oryzae-sativae. Our research provides a new method for studying the phytotoxins of R. oryzae-sativae. However, further studies are needed to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms responsible for aggregate sheath spot disease in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza , Basidiomycota , Doenças das Plantas , Rhizoctonia
18.
J Sep Sci ; 44(16): 3158-3166, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110709

RESUMO

Herb pairs are the unique combinations of two relatively fixed herbs, intrinsically convey the basic idea of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions. The compatibility of Radix ginseng and Schisandra chinensis has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating Alzheimer's disease for many years. However, there are few studies on Radix ginseng-Schisandra chinensis herb pair, and the underlying action mechanism is still unclear. In this study, the mechanism of Radix ginseng-Schisandra chinensis herb pair on Alzheimer's disease was investigated by using the mass spectrometry-based urinary metabolomics method. Sixteen urinary endogenous metabolites were identified as potential biomarkers. Meanwhile, 10 biomarkers were quantified with tandem mass spectrometry. The study result showed that the brain pathologic symptoms of model rats were improved and the potential biomarkers were adjusted backward significantly after the herb pair administration. The metabolic pathways linked to the herb pair-regulated endogenous biomarkers included phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, purine metabolism, and so on. The above metabolic pathways reflected that Radix ginseng-Schisandra chinensis herb pair mainly regulates abnormal energy metabolism, reduces inflammation, and regulates gut microbiota and neurotransmitters in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

19.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 3233: 45-61, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053022

RESUMO

Two-photon fluorescence imaging is a powerful tool for observing the dynamics of cells in vivo in intact tissue and is well suitable for imaging neuronal activity for neuroscience research. Due to the nonlinear two-photon absorption, the optical sectioning ability is inherent, resulting in two-photon images with high signal contrast and signal-to-noise ratio with efficient illumination. In addition, the longer wavelength excitation light in two-photon imaging compared to one-photon imaging suffers less scattering and absorption by tissue, which allows deeper penetration. Today, two-photon microscopy is being rapidly developed to adapt to various biological applications for high-speed, high-resolution, large-volume, long-term imaging in freely behaving animals.


Assuntos
Microscopia , Fótons , Animais , Neurônios , Imagem Óptica
20.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(10): e5174, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998022

RESUMO

Polygonum orientale L. is a traditional Chinese medicine having extensive pharmacological activities including antimyocardial ischemia (MI) injury properties. Isoorientin, orientin, vitexin, quercitrin, astragalin and protocatechuic acid are the main compounds in P. orientale extract. The aim of this study was to establish an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of the content of these compounds in urine, feces and bile samples simultaneously and application of the method in a comparative excretion study in normal and MI model rats after oral administration of P. orientale extract. Chromatographic seperation was conducted on an Agilent Eclipse Plus C18 column with the mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid-water. Negative ion multiple reaction monitoring mode was used for quantification. The six compounds had good linearity (r ≥ 0.9921) and acceptable accuracy ranging from 10.10 to -5.82% The relative standard deviations of within-day precision and inter-day precision were <10.45 and 13.44%, respectively. The extraction recovery of the six analytes ranged from 80.31 to 101.47% and the matrix effect was 82.56-102.88%, indicating that the preparations of sample collected form urine, feces and bile were stable throughout analysis. The excretion amount of the six analytes increased in both normal and MI model rats' urine, feces and bile in a 24 h period and became stable between 36 and 48 h after administration. The total excretion rate of six compounds was <5% in urine, feces and bile of normal and MI model rats. The excretion peak period for all compounds in MI rats was slower than that in normal rats. This excretion study provides insights for further application and research on P. orientale.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Flavonoides , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais , Polygonum , Animais , Bile/química , Fezes/química , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
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