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1.
Perception ; : 3010066211048573, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623190

RESUMO

It is well known that adults spontaneously classify people into social categories and this categorization in turn guides their cognition and behavior. A wealth of research has examined how people perceive race and investigated the effect of race on social behavior. But what about race encoding? Although considerable behavioral research has investigated the encoding of race, that is, the social categorization by race, the neural underpinning of it is largely underexplored. To investigate the time course of race encoding, the current study employed a modified category verification task and a multivariate analyzing approach. We found that racial information became decodable from event-related potential topographies as early as about 200 ms after stimulus onset. At this stage, the brain can differentiate different races in a task-relevant manner. Nonetheless, it is not until 100 ms later that racial information is encoded in a socially relevant manner (own- versus other-race). Importantly, perceptual differentiation not only occurs before the encoding of the race but actually influences it: the faces that are more easily perceptually categorized are actually encoded more readily. Together, we posit that the detection and the encoding of race are decoupled although they are not completely independent. Our results provide powerful constraints toward the theory-building of race.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672558

RESUMO

Pesticides are commonly used in modern agriculture and are important for global food security. However, postapplication losses due to degradation, photolysis, evaporation, leaching, surface runoff, and other processes may substantially reduce their efficacy. Controlled-release formulations can achieve the permeation-regulated transfer of an active ingredient from a reservoir to a target surface. Thus, they can maintain an active ingredient at a predetermined concentration for a specified period. This can reduce degradation and dissipation and other losses and has the potential to improve efficacy. Recent developments in controlled-release technology have adapted the concepts of intelligence and precision from the pharmaceutical industry. In this review, we present recent advances in the development of controlled-release formulations and discuss details of the preparation methods, material improvements, and application technologies.

4.
Food Chem ; 371: 131119, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560335

RESUMO

Five rice cultivars were applied for investigating effect of milling degree on rice physicochemical properties. The first layer had the lowest peak viscosity, followed by the second and third layers, indicating the effect of non-starchy components on starch gelatinization behaviors. Consistently, more content of non-starch components in the first layer led to an enhanced gelatinization temperature. Rheological study demonstrated the G' and G" were successively increased as the layer moved inward, indicating a stronger gel network due to the increased amylose content and crystallinity in the corresponding layer. This is the first study to reveal the second layer has the highest digestibility, suggesting both non-starch components and starch structure control starch digestion. Furthermore, analysis of volatile compounds found alcohols and ketones concentrated in the first layer, whilst compounds including (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, 3-octanone and 3-nonen-2-one only existed in the second layer, serving as an indicator for managing the rice quality during milling.

5.
J Invest Surg ; : 1-5, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The conventional laparoscopic colorectal surgery requires four or more ports to accomplish the laparoscopic dissection, and a mini-laparotomy to remove the specimen, which is a main cause of postoperative pain and incision complications, and compromise the cosmetic results. Reduced port surgery and natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery hold the promise to overcome these drawbacks. This study planned to compare peri-operative outcomes of patients with rectal-sigmoid cancer undergoing three-port laparoscopic anterior resection with NOSE (three-port NOSE LAR) to those of patients receiving conventional LAR. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with rectal-sigmoid cancer underwent three-port NOSE LAR between December 2018 and October 2020. For comparison, 50 patients with rectal-sigmoid cancer underwent conventional LAR in the same period were matched. The peri-operative outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Operating time of three-port NOSE group was slightly longer than that of conventional group (135 min vs. 121 min, p = .147). The incision length of three-port NOSE group was shorter than that of conventional group (2.9 cm vs. 7.4 cm, p = .000). Complication rates in three-port NOSE group and conventional group were similar (12.0% vs. 20.0%, p = .524). The tumor size was smaller in three-port NOSE group than the conventional group (2.1 cm vs. 3.5 cm, p = .000). Pain score was lower in three-port NOSE group than the conventional group at postoperative day 1 (1.6 vs. 3.0, p = 0.045) and day 2 (0.2 vs. 2.1, p = .003). The BIQ score was significantly higher in the three-port NOSE group compared to the conventional group (42.9 ± 3.5 vs. 38.2 ± 2.5, p = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Three-port NOSE LAR for rectal-sigmoid cancer is feasible and provides similar peri-operative outcomes compared to conventional LAR. It reduces postoperative pain and produces better cosmesis.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 223: 112612, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371455

RESUMO

Excessive fluoride exposure and epigenetic change can induce numerous adverse health outcomes, but the role of epigenetics underneath the harmful health effects induced by fluoride exposure is unclear. In such gap, we evaluated the associations between fluoride exposure and genome-wide DNA methylation, and identified that novel candidate genes associated with fluoride exposure. A total of 931 school-age children (8-12 years) in Tongxu County of Henan Province (China) were recruited in 2017. Urinary fluoride (UF) concentrations were measured using the national standardized ion selective electrode method. Participants were divided into a high fluoride-exposure group (HFG) and control group (CG) according to the UF concentrations. Candidate differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were screened by Infinium-Methylation EPIC BeadChip of DNA samples collected from 16 participants (eight each from each group). Differentially methylated genes (DMGs) containing DMRs associated with skeletal and neuronal development influenced by fluoride exposure were confirmed using MethylTarget™ technology from 100 participants (fifty each from each group). DMGs were verified by quantitative methylation specific PCR from 815 participants. Serum levels of hormones were measured by auto biochemical analyzer. The mediation analysis of methylation in the effect of fluoride exposure on hormone levels was also performed. A total of 237 differentially methylated sites (DMSs) and 212 DMRs were found in different fluoride-exposure groups in the epigenome-wide phase. Methylation of the target sequences of neuronatin (NNAT), calcitonin-related polypeptide alpha (CALCA) and methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1 showed significant difference between the HFG and CG. Each 0.06% (95% CI: -0.11%, -0.01%) decreased in NNAT methylation status correlated with each increase of 1.0 mg/L in UF concentration in 815 school-age children using QMSP. Also, each 1.88% (95% CI: 0.04%, 3.72%) increase in CALCA methylation status correlated with each increase of 1.0 mg/L in UF concentration. The mediating effect of NNAT methylation was found in alterations of ACTH levels influenced by fluoride exposure, with a ß value of 11.7% (95% CI: 3.4%, 33.4%). In conclusion, long-term fluoride exposure affected the methylation pattern of genomic DNA. NNAT and CALCA as DMGs might be susceptible to fluoride exposure in school-age children.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Fluoretos , Criança , Epigênese Genética , Epigenoma , Fluoretos/toxicidade , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3504-3513, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402272

RESUMO

Coptidis Rhizoma is a common Chinese medicinal in clinical practice,with the effects of clearing heat,drying dampness,purging fire,and removing toxin. All the medicinal plants of Coptis can be used for clinical treatment,but some species are endangered due to resource destruction and difficulty in planting. The dominant medicinal components in Coptidis Rhizoma are isoquinoline alkaloids. There are various methods for the analysis and detection of alkaloids,such as LC-MS,HPLC,and TLC,among which LC-MS is the most widely applied. Different plants of Coptis vary in the kind and content of alkaloids. C. chinensis,C. deltoidea,C. teeta,C. chinensis var. brevisepala,C. omeiensis,C. quinquefolia,and C. quinquesecta mainly contain berberine,palmatine,coptisine,jatrorrhizine,and columbamine,five effective alkaloid components. Plant isoquinoline alkaloids( PIAs) have strong pharmacological activity but are difficult to prepare. The application of synthetic biology of PIAs will be helpful for the clinical application of PIAs. This paper reviews the research progress on biological resources of Coptis species and structures of alkaloids as well as analysis methods and synthetic biology for isoquinoline alkaloids in the medicinal plants of Coptis in recent years,which will facilitate the protection of Coptis medicinal resources and the application and development of alkaloids.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Alcaloides de Berberina , Berberina , Coptis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Isoquinolinas , Rizoma
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3514-3521, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402273

RESUMO

According to the records of Chinese materia medica,Coptis chinensis var. brevisepala is an authentic Chinese medicinal plant highly recommended by ancient physicians since its rhizome is like a string of beads and has a good medicinal value. However,its medicinal components and values remain to be studied as it is endangered because of overexploitation. Therefore,this study aims to quantitatively determine its effective components based on UPLC-QTOF-MS,and to compare the contents of isoquinoline alkaloids in C.chinensis var. brevisepala with those in other Coptis species. Meanwhile,molecular methods accurately identified 12 batches of C. chinensis var. brevisepala,9 batches of C. chinensis,4 batches of C. deltoidea,and 1 batch of C. teeta. Gradient elution was performed with Waters CORTECS C18 column( 4. 6 mm× 150 mm,2. 7 µm) and the mobile phase acetonitrile-water with 0. 4% formic acid. Mass spectrometry was conducted in ESI positive mode. The quantitative results showed that 8 main alkaloids had a good linear relationship within the concentration range( R~2>0. 996),with the recovery rate of 95. 18%-105. 0% and the RSD of 0. 28%-3. 7%. Compared with that of other Coptis species,the rhizome of C. chinensis var. brevisepala had the highest contents of berberine and columbamine. The total content of the 8 alkaloids in C. chinensis var. brevisepala was similar to that in C. chinensis but higher than that of the other two species. PCA was performed to compare the alkaloids among the 4 species. Besides,the 8 alkaloids were evaluated in different parts of C. chinensis var. brevisepala. The results indicate that this method is reliable and efficient and can provide a reference for the quality research.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Alcaloides de Berberina , Coptis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise
11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 658720, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422795

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by physical damage to the brain tissues, ensuing transitory or permanent neurological dysfunction featured with neuronal loss and subsequent brain damage. Sevoflurane, a widely used halogenated anesthetic in clinical settings, has been reported to alleviate neuron apoptosis in TBI. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism behind this alleviation remains unknown, and thus was the focus of the current study. First, Feeney models were established to induce TBI in rats. Subsequently, evaluation of the modified neurological severity scores, measurement of brain water content, Nissl staining, and TUNEL assay were employed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of sevoflurane. Immunofluorescence and Western blot analysis were further applied to detect the expression patterns of apoptosis-related proteins as well as the activation of the p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway within the lesioned cortex. Additionally, a stretch injury model comprising cultured neurons was established, followed by neuron-specific enolase staining and Sholl analysis. Mechanistic analyses were performed using dual-luciferase reporter gene and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. The results demonstrated sevoflurane treatment brought about a decrease blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, brain water content, brain injury and neuron apoptosis, to improve neurological function. The neuroprotective action of sevoflurane could be attenuated by inactivation of the p38-MAPK signaling pathway. Mechanistically, sevoflurane exerted an inhibitory effect on neuron apoptosis by up-regulating enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), which targeted Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and inhibited KLF4 transcription. Collectively, our findings indicate that sevoflurane suppresses neuron apoptosis induced by TBI through activation of the p38-MAPK signaling pathway via the EZH2/KLF4 axis, providing a novel mechanistic explanation for neuroprotection of sevoflurane in TBI.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 620, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is one of the most widely cultivated fishes in China. High stocking density can reportedly affect fish growth and immunity. Herein we performed PacBio long-read single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing and Illumina RNA sequencing to evaluate the effects of high stocking density on grass carp transcriptome. RESULTS: SMRT sequencing led to the identification of 33,773 genes (14,946 known and 18,827 new genes). From the structure analysis, 8,009 genes were detected with alternative splicing events, 10,219 genes showed alternative polyadenylation sites and 15,521 long noncoding RNAs. Further, 1,235, 962, and 213 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the intestine, muscle, and brain tissues, respectively. We performed functional enrichment analyses of DEGs, and they were identified to be significantly enriched in nutrient metabolism and immune function. The expression levels of several genes encoding apolipoproteins and activities of enzymes involved in carbohydrate enzymolysis were found to be upregulated in the high stocking density group, indicating that lipid metabolism and carbohydrate decomposition were accelerated. Besides, four isoforms of grass carp major histocompatibility complex class II antigen alpha and beta chains in the aforementioned three tissue was showed at least a 4-fold decrease. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggesting that fish farmed at high stocking densities face issues associated with the metabolism and immune system. To conclude, our results emphasize the importance of maintaining reasonable density in grass carp aquaculture.


Assuntos
Carpas , Doenças dos Peixes , Processamento Alternativo , Animais , Carpas/genética , Carpas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Transcriptoma
13.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(8): 755, 2021 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330894

RESUMO

Lung cancer is recognized as the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) being the predominant subtype, accounting for approximately 85% of lung cancer cases. Although great efforts have been made to treat lung cancer, no proven method has been found thus far. Considering ß, ß-dimethyl-acryl-alkannin (ALCAP2), a natural small-molecule compound isolated from the root of Lithospermum erythrorhizon. We found that lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) cell proliferation and metastasis can be significantly inhibited after treatment with ALCAP2 in vitro, as it can induce cell apoptosis and arrest the cell cycle. ALCAP2 also significantly suppressed the volume of tumours in mice without inducing obvious toxicity in vivo. Mechanistically, we revealed that ALCAP2-treated cells can suppress the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin by upregulating the E3 ligase NEDD4L, facilitating the binding of ubiquitin to ß-catenin and eventually affecting the wnt-triggered transcription of genes such as survivin, cyclin D1, and MMP9. As a result, our findings suggest that targeting the oncogene ß-catenin with ALCAP2 can inhibit the proliferation and metastasis of LUAD cells, and therefore, ALCAP2 may be a new drug candidate for use in LUAD therapeutics.

14.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1126-1132, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising and non-invasive therapy for symptomatic uterine fibroids. Currently, the main image-guided methods for HIFU include magnetic resonance-guided (MR-HIFU) and ultrasound-guided (US-HIFU). However, there are few comparative studies on the therapeutic efficacy and safety of MR-HIFU and US-HIFU in treating symptomatic uterine fibroids with a volume <300 cm3. OBJECTIVE: We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MR-HIFU and US-HIFU in treating symptomatic uterine fibroids with a volume <300 cm3. METHODS: We searched relevant literature in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library CNKI from inception until 2021. The mean value, the proportion, and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were measured by random-effects models. Publication bias was assessed using funnel plots. RESULTS: 48 studies met our inclusion criteria-28 describing MR-HIFU and 20 describing US-HIFU. The mean non-perfused volume rate (NPVR) was 81.07% in the US-HIFU group and 58.92% in the MR-HIFU group, respectively. The mean volume reduction rates at month-3, month-6, and month-12 were 42.42, 58.72, and 65.55% in the US-HIFU group, while 34.79, 37.39, and 36.44% in the MR-HIFU group. The incidence of post-operative abdominal pain and abnormal vaginal discharge in the US-HIFU group was lower than that of MRI-HIFU. However, post-operative skin burn and sciatic nerve pain were more common in the US-HIFU group compared with MRI-HIFU. The one-year reintervention rate after MR-HIFU was 13.4%, which was higher than 5.2% in the US-HIFU group. CONCLUSION: US-HIFU may show better efficiency and safety than MR-HIFU in treating symptomatic fibroids with a volume <300 cm3.


Assuntos
Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Leiomioma , Neoplasias Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
15.
Front Integr Neurosci ; 15: 685627, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305542

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a general method to estimate the minimal number of repeated examinations needed to detect patients with random responsiveness, given a limited rate of missed diagnosis. Methods: Basic statistical theory was applied to develop the method. As an application, 100 patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) were assessed with the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R). DOC patients were supposed to be examined for 13 times over 20 days, while anyone who was diagnosed as a minimally conscious state (MCS) in a round would no longer be examined in the subsequent rounds. To test the validation of this method, a series of the stochastic simulation was completed by computer software under all the conditions of possible combinations of three kinds of distributions for p, five values of p, and four sizes of the sample and repeated for 100 times. Results: A series of formula was developed to estimate the probability of a positive response to a single examination given by a patient and the minimal number of successive examinations needed based on the numbers of patients detected in the first i (i =1, 2,.) rounds of repeated examinations. As applied to the DOC patients assessed with the CRS-R, with a rate of missed diagnosis < 0.0001, the estimate of the minimal number of examinations was six in traumatic brain injury patients and five in non-traumatic brain injury patients. The outcome of the simulation showed that this method performed well under various conditions possibly occurring in practice. Interpretation: The method developed in this paper holds in theory and works well in application and stochastic simulation. It could be applied to any other kind of examinations for random responsiveness, not limited to CRS-R for detecting MCS; this should be validated in further research.

16.
Front Immunol ; 12: 633324, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262558

RESUMO

In the process of microbial invasion, the inflammation reaction is induced to eliminate the pathogen. However, un-controlled or un-resolved inflammation can lead to tissue damage and death of the host. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are the signaling regulators that prevent the uncontrolled progress of an inflammatory response. Our previous work strongly indicated that miR-142a-3p is related to the immune regulation in grass carp. In the present study, we found that the expression of miR-142a-3p was down-regulated after infection by Aeromonas hydrophila. tnfaip2 and glut3 were confirmed as be the target genes of miR-142a-3p, which were confirmed by expression correlation analysis, gene overexpression, and dual luciferase reporter assay. The miR-142a-3p can reduce cell viability and stimulate cell apoptosis by targeting tnfaip2 and glut3. In addition, miR-142a-3p also regulates macrophage polarization induced by A. hydrophila. Our results suggest that miR-142a-3p has multiple functions in host antibacterial immune response. Our research provides further understanding of the molecular mechanisms between miRNAs and their target genes, and provides a new insights for the development of pro-resolution strategies for the treatment of complex inflammatory diseases in fish.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Carpas/genética , Citocinas/genética , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 3/genética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Macrófagos/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Aeromonas hydrophila/imunologia , Aeromonas hydrophila/patogenicidade , Animais , Carpas/imunologia , Carpas/microbiologia , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/classificação , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Rim/citologia , Rim/microbiologia , Macrófagos do Fígado/microbiologia , Ativação de Macrófagos , MicroRNAs/classificação , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Atten Percept Psychophys ; 83(7): 2795-2805, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282561

RESUMO

The size congruity effect in a numerical Stroop task shows that magnitude judgments of two numbers are faster and more accurate when the numerically larger number also appears in a physically larger size, indicating the interaction between numerical and physical magnitudes. It has recently been suggested that spatial shifts of attention between the two numbers may contribute to the size congruity effect. However, a complete line of evidence for the attentional attribution to the size congruity effect remains to be established. Therefore, the present study aimed to provide further demonstrations for the idea that spatial shifts of attention contribute to the size congruity effect during magnitude judgments regarding either the numerical or physical dimension of two numbers. Participants were sequentially or simultaneously presented with a pair of single-digit Arabic numbers whose numerical and physical magnitudes varied independently. They were instructed to perform a magnitude judgment regarding the numerical value or physical size of the paired numbers. Across three experiments, we consistently found that the size congruity effect was reduced or eliminated when number pairs were presented sequentially compared to when they were presented simultaneously. Because in the sequential presentation mode the paired numbers were successively presented at central fixation and therefore spatial attention shifts should be completely precluded by the central presentation of number stimuli, the present findings support the notion that spatial shifts of attention between numbers in the simultaneous presentation mode play an important role in generating the size congruity effect for both numerical and physical tasks.


Assuntos
Atenção , Percepção de Tamanho , Humanos , Julgamento , Matemática , Tempo de Reação
18.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 689855, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248914

RESUMO

An effective solution to global human zinc (Zn) deficiency is Zn biofortification of staple food crops, which has been hindered by the low available Zn in calcareous soils worldwide. Many culturable soil microbes have been reported to increase Zn availability in the laboratory, while the status of these microbes in fields and whether there are unculturable Zn-mobilizing microbes remain unexplored. Here, we use the culture-independent metagenomic sequencing to investigate the rhizosphere microbiome of three high-Zn (HZn) and three low-Zn (LZn) wheat cultivars in a field experiment with calcareous soils. The average grain Zn concentration of HZn was higher than the Zn biofortification target 40 mg kg-1, while that of LZn was lower than 40 mg kg-1. Metagenomic sequencing and analysis showed large microbiome difference between wheat rhizosphere and bulk soil but small difference between HZn and LZn. Most of the rhizosphere-enriched microbes in HZn and LZn were in common, including many of the previously reported soil Zn-mobilizing microbes. Notably, 30 of the 32 rhizosphere-enriched species exhibiting different abundances between HZn and LZn possess the functional genes involved in soil Zn mobilization, especially the synthesis and exudation of organic acids and siderophores. Most of the abundant potential Zn-mobilizing species were positively correlated with grain Zn concentration and formed a module with strong interspecies relations in the co-occurrence network of abundant rhizosphere-enriched microbes. The potential Zn-mobilizing species, especially Massilia and Pseudomonas, may contribute to the cultivars' variation in grain Zn concentration, and they deserve further investigation in future studies on Zn biofortification.

19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11926, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099740

RESUMO

Endometriosis (EMS) is a disease that shows immune dysfunction and chronic inflammation characteristics, suggesting a role of complement system in its pathophysiology. To find out the hub genes and pathways involved in the pathogenesis of EMs, three raw microarray datasets were recruited from the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO). Then, a series of bioinformatics technologies including gene ontology (GO), Hallmark pathway enrichment, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and gene co-expression correlation analysis were performed to identify hub genes. The hub genes were further verified by the Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western Blot (WB). We identified 129 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in EMs, of which 78 were up-regulated and 51 were down-regulated. Through GO functional enrichment analysis, we found that the DEGs are mainly enriched in cell adhesion, extracellular matrix remodeling, chemokine regulation, angiogenesis regulation, epithelial cell proliferation, et al. In Hallmark pathway enrichment analysis, coagulation pathway showed great significance and the terms in which included the central complement factors. Moreover, the genes were dominating in PPI network. Combined co-expression analysis with experimental verification, we found that the up-regulated expression of complement (C1S, C1QA, C1R, and C3) was positively related to tissue factor (TF) in EMs. In this study, we discovered the over expression complement and the positive correlation between complement and TF in EMs, which suggested that interaction of complement and coagulation system may play a role within the pathophysiology of EMS.

20.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 299, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial joint degenerative disease with low-grade inflammation. The gut microbiome has recently emerged as an pathogenic factor of OA, and prebiotics supplementation could alleviate OA symptoms in animal models. However, the relationship between the gut microbiome and OA in the older female adults is hitherto not clear. RESULTS: Here we studied the gut microbiome of 57 OA patients and their healthy controls by metagenome-wide association study based on previously published data. A significant reduction in the richness and diversity of gut microbiome were observed in OA patients. Bifidobacterium longum and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii were decreased while Clostridium spp. was increased in the OA group. The functional modules, particularly the energetic metabolism and acetate production were also decreased in the OA patients. To evaluate the diagnostic value of identified species for elderly patients with OA, we constructed a set of random forest disease classifiers based on species differences between the two groups. Among them, 9 species reached the lowest classification error in the random forest cross validation, and the area under ROC of the model was 0.81. CONCLUSIONS: Significant alterations in the gut microbial composition and function were observed between the older patients with OA and their controls, and a random forest classifier model for OA were constructed based on the differences in our study. Our study have identified several potential gut microbial targets in the elderly females with OA, which will facilitate the treatment of OA based on gut microbiota, is of great value in alleviating pain and improving the quality of life for them.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Osteoartrite , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Disbiose , Feminino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco
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