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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 894-899, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530597

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the efficacy of combined treatment strategy of mechanical circulation support devices and immunomodulation therapy for patients with fulminant myocarditis. Method: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and outcomes of 37 fulminant myocarditis patients complicating cardiogenic shock, who were hospitalized from October 2017 to December 2019 in our department. Patients received guideline therapy according to "Chinese expert consensus statement on clinical diagnosis and treatment of fulminant myocarditis in adults"issued by Chinese Society of Cardiology of Chinese Medical Association. Patients were divided into IABP group (n=19), ECMO group (n=5) and IABP+ECMO group (n=13) according to different mechanical circulation support regimen. The treatment effectiveness among various groups were compared. The major endpoint was in-hospital mortality. The duration and outcome of mechanical circulation support were also analyzed. Furthermore, relationships between baseline data, proportion of different treatments (including medicine treatment, temporary pacemaker and continuous renal replacement treatment, immunomodulation therapy) and clinical outcome were analyzed. Results: The age of the 37 patients in the cohort was (37.4±17.0) years, and there were 22 male among them. Immunomodulation therapy included glucocorticoid (methylprednisolone) and intravenous immunoglobin. At admission, blood pressure was (70.21±17.37)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),heart rate was(100±30)beat/minutes,there were 10 cases of Ⅲ° atrioventricular block and all received temporary pacemaker implantation, 12 cases of ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation,1 patient received temporary pacemaker implantation due to electronic storm, peak cardiac troponin I level was (18.61±9.55)µg/L, peak B type natriuretic peptide level was 1 670(518,3 410)ng/L,left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was(32.3±10.4)%. Thirty-four out of the 37 patients survived and 3 patients died. Hospital duration was (22.7±8.2)days, LVEF was (50.1±10.5)% at discharge. Lactic acid level was significantly higher in IABP+ECMO group than in IABP group and ECMO group(P<0.001 or =0.005),LVEF was significantly lower in IABP+ECMO group than in IABP group(P=0.004),the proportion of ventilator usage was higher in IABO+ECMO group than in IABP group (P<0.05). Survival rate was similar among the three groups. Conclusion: Comprehensive treatment regimen with combined mechanical circulation support and immunomodulation therapy as the core strategies is effective in the treatment of fulminant myocarditis complicated with cardiogenic shock.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Miocardite , Adulto , Humanos , Imunomodulação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto Jovem
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488275

RESUMO

Porcelain tooth technology is widely used in the treatment of oral diseases, but there are few reports on the possible occupational hazard factors in the process of porcelain tooth production. Porcelain teeth production will produced a large amount of silica dust and metal dust during the grinding process. The technical workers who have been engaged in this work for a long time are very prone to pneumoconiosis due to their poor personal protection awareness. This paper analyzed the clinical data of a pneumoconiosis patient engaged in porcelain tooth making, and analyzed the possible occupational hazard factors in the process of porcelain teeth production, so as to improve the understanding of relevant enterprises, technical workers and medical personnel on the disease and reduce the risk of porcelain teeth production workers suffering from pneumoconiosis.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumoconiose , Porcelana Dentária , Poeira , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Pneumoconiose/complicações
3.
Anim Genet ; 52(5): 598-607, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350996

RESUMO

Fat deposition is an important economic trait in farm animals. However, it is difficult to genetically improve intramuscular fat deposition via trait-based cattle breeding. The main objectives of this study were to analyze the factors about beef flavor, and to detect functional microRNA (miRNA, miR) associated with intramuscular fat deposition in Yanbian cattle. Longissimus dorsi samples from six steers were separated into high- and low-fat groups (n = 3 each) based on the marbling score, and transcriptomic analysis was performed using miRNA sequencing. A total of 33 miRNAs and 38 genes were found to be differentially expressed in the high- and low-fat groups. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to validate the sequencing results. Integrated miRNA-mRNA analysis revealed that miRNA-associated target genes were primarily associated with skeletal muscle development. However, some of the miRNAs (miR-424 etc.) and genes (ATF3 etc.) were also associated with fat metabolism. A targeted relationship between miR-22-3p and the WFIKKN2 gene and its involvement in adipocyte differentiation were confirmed experimentally. The study findings may provide potential candidate molecular targets for the selection of cattle with improved meat quality.


Assuntos
Bovinos/genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Adipócitos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Transcriptoma
4.
Animal ; 15(9): 100341, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425484

RESUMO

Intramuscular fat content (IFC) is an essential quantitative trait of meat, affecting multiple meat quality indicators. A certain amount of IFC could not only improve the sensory score of pork but also increase the flavour, tenderness, juiciness and shelf-life. To dissect the genetic determinants of IFC, two methods, including genome-wide efficient mixed-model analysis (GEMMA) and linkage disequilibrium adjusted kinships (LDAKs), were used to carry out genome-wide association studies for IFC in Suhuai pig population. A total of 14 and 18 significant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified by GEMMA and LDAK, respectively. The results of these two methods were highly consistent and all 14 significant SNPs in GEMMA were detected by LDAK. Seven of the 18 SNPs reached the genome-wide significance level (P < 9.85E-07) while 11 cases reached the suggestive significance level (P < 1.77E-05). These significant SNPs were mainly distributed on Sus scrofa chromosome (SSC) 5, 3, and 7. Moreover, one locus resides in a 2.27 Mb (71.37-73.64 Mb) region on SSC5 harbouring 13 significant SNPs associated with IFC, and the lead SNP (rs81302978) also locates in this region. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis showed that there were four pairs of complete LD (r2 = 1) among these 13 SNPs, and the remaining 9 SNPs with incomplete LD (r2 ≠ 1) were selected for subsequent analyses of IFC. Association analyses showed that 7 out of 9 SNPs were significantly associated with IFC (P < 0.05) in 330 Suhuai pigs, and the other 2 SNPs tended to reach a significant association level with IFC (P < 0.1). The phenotypic variance explained (PVE) range of these 9 SNPs was 0.92-3.55%. Meanwhile, the lead SNP was also significantly associated (rs81302978) with IFC (P < 0.05) in 378 commercial hybrid pigs (Pietrain × Duroc) × (Landrace × Yorkshire) (PDLY), and the PVE was 1.38%. Besides, two lipid metabolism-relevant candidate genes, the leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) and PDZ domain containing ring finger 4 (PDZRN4) were identified in the 2.27 Mb region on SSC5. In conclusion, our results may provide a set of markers useful for genetic improvement of IFC in pigs and will advance the genome selection process of IFC on pig breeding programmes.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Animais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 5 , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/veterinária , Humanos , Fenótipo , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Sus scrofa/genética , Suínos
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(7): 2036-2043, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the placental exosome levels of normal pregnant women and pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in different gestational stages, and further investigate the effects of exosomes on the release of cytokines from human umbilical vein endothelial cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 20 pregnant women, including 13 normal pregnant women and seven pregnant women with GDM were selected. Blood samples were collected during the three gestational stages (from week 11 to week 14 in the first trimester, from week 22 to week 24 in the second trimester, and from week 32 to week 36 in the third trimester). RESULTS: Our results showed that both gestational age and physical condition significantly affected the concentration of exosomes in plasma (p < 0.05). The concentration of exosomes in plasma increased with gestational age in both normal pregnant women and pregnant women with GDM, but were increased more significantly in the plasma of pregnant women with GDM (2.2-fold, 1.5-fold, and 1.8-fold higher than in normal pregnant women in the first, second, and third trimester, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Exosomes extracted from the plasma of pregnant women with GDM significantly increased the release of inflammatory cytokines from endothelial cells. However, the function of exosomes in pregnant women with GDM has not yet been fully elucidated. The detection of exosomes in plasma could serve as a diagnostic tool for asymptomatic GDM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Exossomos/fisiologia , Placenta/ultraestrutura , Adulto , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
8.
J Viral Hepat ; 25(8): 904-910, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29582521

RESUMO

The underlying mechanism of coexistence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B surface antigen antibody (anti-HBs) is still controversial. To identify the host genetic factors related to this unusual clinical phenomenon, a two-stage study was conducted in the Chinese Han population. In the first stage, we performed a case-control (1:1) age- and gender-matched study of 101 cases with concurrent HBsAg and anti-HBs and 102 controls with negative HBsAg and positive anti-HBs using whole exome sequencing. In the second validation stage, we directly sequence the 16 exons on the OAS3 gene in two dependent cohorts of 48 cases and 200 controls. Although, in the first stage, a genome-wide association study of 58,563 polymorphism variants in 101 cases and 102 controls found no significant loci (P-value ≤ .05/58563), and neither locus achieved a conservative genome-wide significance threshold (P-value ≤ 5e-08), gene-based burden analysis showed that OAS3 gene rare variants were associated with the coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs. (P-value = 4.127e-06 ≤ 0.05/6994). A total of 16 rare variants were screened out from 21 cases and 3 controls. In the second validation stage, one case with a stop-gained rare variant was identified. Fisher's exact test of all 149 cases and 302 controls showed that the rare coding sequence mutations were more frequent in cases vs controls (P-value = 7.299e-09, OR = 17.27, 95% CI [5.01-58.72]). Protein-coding rare variations on the OAS3 gene are associated with the coexistence of HBsAg and anti-HBs in patients with chronic HBV infection in Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase/genética , Variação Genética , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 88(9): 093510, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28964228

RESUMO

Accurate mutual inductances between magnetic diagnostics and poloidal field coils are an essential requirement for determining the poloidal flux for plasma equilibrium reconstruction. The mutual inductance calibration of the flux loops and magnetic probes requires time-varying coil currents, which also simultaneously drive eddy currents in electrically conducting structures. The eddy current-induced field appearing in the magnetic measurements can substantially increase the calibration error in the model if the eddy currents are neglected. In this paper, an expression of the magnetic diagnostic response to the coil currents is used to calibrate the mutual inductances, estimate the conductor time constant, and predict the eddy currents response. It is found that the eddy current effects in magnetic signals can be well-explained by the eddy current response determination. A set of experiments using a specially shaped saddle coil diagnostic are conducted to measure the SUNIST-like eddy current response and to examine the accuracy of this method. In shots that include plasmas, this approach can more accurately determine the plasma-related response in the magnetic signals by eliminating the field due to the eddy currents produced by the external field.

10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 21(10): 2526-2537, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28617531

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To design a new controlled-release MMC-PLA film and explore whether and how this film could prevent epidural scar hyperplasia and adhesion in a post-laminectomy rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All procedures were performed under the approval and supervision of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) of Nanjing Medical University. A total of 120 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly placed into four groups after laminectomy (each group=30 rats). In Group I, the laminectomy area was flushed with saline as a control; in Group II, 25 mg of PLA film was applied to the dura mater in the laminectomy area; in Group III, a cotton pad soaked with 0.01% MMC solution was kept on the laminectomy area; and in Group IV, 25 mg of PLA film containing 0.01% MMC was implanted on the laminectomy area. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Masson staining were used to evaluate scar adhesion and collagen deposition one month after the operation. Autophagy-related proteins, including autophagy-related gene 5 (ATG5), beclin 1, light chain-3B-2/1 (LC3B-2/1) and protein 53 (p53), were detected by Western blotting. A microRNA microarray analysis was performed to screen for scar tissue miRNAs, especially those associated with autophagy, and changes in expression were confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: A total of 112 rats recovered uneventfully from the surgery. MRI showed that the scar adhesion and scar area of the MMC-PLA group were significantly reduced compared with those of the PLA, MMC, and saline groups. Accordingly, scar adhesion and the deposition of collagen in the rats treated with MMC-PLA were also significantly reduced, as indicated by HE and Masson staining. In the scar tissue, the levels of autophagy-related proteins (ATG5, beclin 1, LC3B-2/1 and p53) were significantly elevated in the MMC-PLA group. Additionally, in the MMC-PLA group, the expression levels of miR-34a, miR-146a and miR-200 were significantly increased, while the levels of miR-16, miR-221 and miR-378a were significantly decreased. CONCLUSIONS: The controlled-release MMC-PLA film could alleviate epidural scar hyperplasia after laminectomy; this outcome might be associated with increased autophagy and altered expression of miRNAs in the scar tissue.


Assuntos
Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Laminectomia , MicroRNAs/uso terapêutico , Mitomicina/uso terapêutico , Poliésteres/química , Animais , Cicatriz/patologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Dura-Máter/efeitos dos fármacos , Dura-Máter/patologia , Espaço Epidural/efeitos dos fármacos , Espaço Epidural/patologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Hiperplasia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Mitomicina/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
J Mater Chem B ; 5(10): 2010-2018, 2017 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32263955

RESUMO

Carbon nano-dots (C-Dots) possess great benign properties, making them ideal for use in biomedical fields, especially due to their high aqueous solubility, outstanding photoluminescence (PL), favorable biocompatibility, low toxicity, chemical inertness, and easy functionalization properties. Herein, the C-Dots with sizes of about 2.4 ± 0.9 nm and containing the groups -OH, C[double bond, length as m-dash]C and C[double bond, length as m-dash]O, were shown to prolong the lag phase of human insulin (HI) fibrillation following a dose-dependent manner in an in vitro study. The spontaneous growth of fibrils after a lag phase was accompanied by exothermic heat, determined by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), demonstrating the inhibitory effect of C-Dots. Moreover, as the dose of C-Dots was increased to 4 mg mL-1, the fibrillation process could be totally deterred for more than half a month. However, the deterrent effect of the C-Dots on HI fibrillation disappeared when just a few fibril seeds were added. This is because the association constant of HI monomers interacting with fibril seeds (K2: 1.56 × 105 M-1) is much larger than that with C-Dots (K2: 8.28 × 103 M-1), as determined by analyzing the ITC results. An ''active-site targeted'' inhibitory mechanism has also been proposed. The "active site" is mainly on the B-chain of HI, and the ITC results show that the binding between the C-Dots and HI monomers is mainly driven by the electrostatic force. This is the first time that the anti-fibrillation mechanism in the presence of C-Dots has been analyzed by ITC. These results indicate that ITC is a promising approach for comprehensively clarifying the mechanisms of protein fibrillation inhibition.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29871260

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the genetic characteristics in nonsyndromic hearing impairment (NSHL) patients in Zhejiang province.Method:Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 1822 NSHL patients and 467 normal hearing controls in Zhejiang province. We carried out a systematic mutational screening of GJB2 gene in these subjects by amplifying the coding region of GJB2 gene and sequencing directly.Result:Thirty kinds of mutation were identified, including eleven pathogenic mutations, one hypomorphic allele, sixteen polymorphic mutations and two novel mutations. The c.235delC mutation was the most prevalent pathogenic mutation in this cohort (18.50%), and the rate of allele mutation was 12.16%. The frequency of c.299_300delAT,c.176_191del16,c.512_513insAACG,c.35delG,c.283G>A,c.427C>T,c.35insG,c.439G>A,c.571T>C,c.139G>T mutations were decreased in turn.Conclusion:c.235delC mutation is the hot spot of GJB2 gene mutation in NSHL patients in Zhejiang province and the most common mutational pattern is frame-shift mutation. The discovery of novel mutations enriches the spectrum and frequency of variants in GJB2 gene.


Assuntos
Conexina 26/genética , Surdez/genética , Perda Auditiva/genética , Mutação Puntual/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Conexinas , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Humanos , Mutação
13.
Biol Open ; 5(6): 764-9, 2016 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27185267

RESUMO

Silkworm (Bombyx mori) is an important economic insect with a fat body that plays a crucial role in the storage and transfer of nutrients. It is also known that TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) can improve feed efficiency and promote silk protein synthesis in the silkworm. In this study, we profiled gene expression in the silkworm fat body after TiO2 NP treatment, validated the major RNA-seq findings, and determined the contents of trehalose and triglyceride, the activity of lipase, and the amount of total proteins. RNA-seq analysis revealed that TiO2 NP treatment caused significant expression changes in 341 genes (P≤0.01), 138 of which were upregulated while the other 203 were downregulated. The expression levels of two target genes in the insulin signaling pathway and two protein metabolism-related target genes, three lipid metabolism-associated target genes, two carbohydrate metabolism related target genes and expression levels of seven heat shock protein genes were increased, and that of threonine dehydratase gene and fatty acid transport protein gene were decreased. The RNA-seq results of 16 genes were validated by quantitative real-time PCR. The lipase activity, content of trehalose, and amount of total proteins were elevated by 3.86-fold, 1.34-fold, and 1.21-fold, respectively, and the content of triglyceride was decreased by 0.94-fold after TiO2 NP treatment. These results indicated that TiO2 NPs activated the insulin signaling pathway, promoted the metabolism of protein, fat, and carbohydrate, and improved nutrition metabolism. Our study provides new support for the understanding of the beneficial effect of TiO2 NPs on silkworm nutrient metabolism.

14.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 129: 1-6, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27017875

RESUMO

AChE is the target of organophosphate (OP) and carbamate (CB) pesticides, and mutations in the gene can significantly reduce insects' sensitivity to these pesticides. Bombyx mori is highly sensitive to pesticides. To investigate the effects of mutations on AChE1 structure and function, we used a prokaryotic system to express B.mori wild type AChE1 (wAChE1) and mutant AChE1 (mAChE1) in this study. Active AChE1 proteins were obtained after refolding and purification, and wAChE1 and mAChE1 had similar activities. After incubation with 10(-6)M physostigmine and 10(-3)mg/mL phoxim, the remaining enzyme activity of mAChE1 was 4.42% and 8.86% higher than that of wAChE1's, respectively. Three-dimensional analysis of mutation AChE1 (mAChE1) revealed that the Ser and Ala side chains extended toward the central part of S285 with distances of just 2.80Å and 3.68Å, respectively, which changed the spatial structure of the active center and reduced its sensitivity to pesticides. These results indicated that the mutations altered the 3D structure of AChE1, which may affect the binding of physostigmine and phoxim to the serine residue at the active center, leading to reduced sensitivity. Our study helps understand the relationship between AChE1 mutations and pesticide resistance and provides a new direction for the cultivation of new pesticide-resistant varieties of B.mori.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/genética , Bombyx/enzimologia , Mutação , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/fisiologia , Animais , Modelos Moleculares , Plasmídeos
15.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 129: 89-94, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27017887

RESUMO

Silkworm is an important economic insect. Abuse of organophosphorus pesticides in recent years often leads to poisoning of silkworms, which significantly affects sericulture development by reducing silk production. Previous studies have shown that TiO2 NPs can effectively mitigate the damages caused by organophosphorus pesticides in silk glands and nerve tissues. The fat body is an important metabolic detoxification organ of silkworms, but it is unknown whether TiO2 NPs affect pesticide metabolism in fat body. In this study, we characterized the transcription of antioxidant genes and enzyme activity in fat body after TiO2 NPs and phoxim treatments using transcriptome sequencing, real-time PCR, and enzyme activity assay. Transcriptome sequencing detected 10 720, 10 641, 10 403, and 10 489 genes for control group, TiO2 NPs group, phoxim group, and TiO2 NPs+phoxim group, respectively. The TiO2 NPs+phoxim group had 705 genes with significantly differential expression (FDR<0.001), among which the antioxidant genes thioredoxin reductase 1 and glutathione S-transferase omega 3 were significantly upregulated. In phoxim group, the expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase delta (GSTd), and thioredoxin peroxidase (TPx) were increased by 1.365 -fold, 1.335 -fold, 1.642 -fold, and 1.765 -fold, respectively. The level changes of SOD, CAT, GSTd, and TPx were validated by real time PCR. The contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were increased by 1.598 -fold, 1.946 -fold, and 1.506 -fold, respectively, indicating that TiO2 NPs treatment can relieve phoxim-induced oxidative stress. To clarify the mechanism of TiO2 NPs's effect, the transcription levels of P450 gene family were measured for the TiO2 NPs+phoxim group; the expression levels of CYP4M5, CYP6AB4, CYP6A8, and CYP9G3 were elevated by 2.784 -fold, 3.047 -fold, 2.254 -fold, and 4.253 -fold, respectively, suggesting that high expression of P450 family genes can enhance the metabolism of phoxim in the fat body. The results of this study indicated that TiO2 NPs treatment promoted the transcriptional expression of the P450 family genes to improve the fat body's ability to metabolize phoxim and reduce phoxim-induced oxidative stress. This may be the main mechanism of TiO2 NPs' mitigation of phoxim-induced damages in the fat body.


Assuntos
Bombyx/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Compostos Organotiofosforados/metabolismo , Titânio/metabolismo , Animais , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
16.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 117: 47-53, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25619911

RESUMO

The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is an economically important insect. However, poisoning of silkworms by organophosphate pesticides causes tremendous loss to the sericulture. The fat body is the major tissue involved in detoxification and produces antimicrobial peptides and regulates hormones. In this study, a microarray system comprising 22,987 oligonucluotide 70-mer probes was employed to examine differentially expressed genes in the fat body of B. mori exposed to phoxim insecticide. The results showed that a total of 774 genes were differentially expressed upon phoxim exposure, including 500 up-regulated genes and 274 down-regulated genes. The expression levels of eight detoxification-related genes were up-regulated upon phoxim exposure, including six cytochrome P450s and two glutathione-S-transferases. It was firstly found that eight antimicrobial peptide genes were down-regulated, which might provide important references for studying the larvae of B. mori become more susceptible to microbial infections after phoxim treatment. In addition, we firstly detected the expression level of metamorphosis-related genes after phoxim exposure, which may lead to impacted reproduction. Our results may facilitate the overall understanding of the molecular mechanism of multiple pathways following exposure to phoxim insecticide in the fat body of B. mori.


Assuntos
Bombyx/genética , Corpo Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes de Insetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Compostos Organotiofosforados/farmacologia , Animais , Corpo Adiposo/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
17.
Int J Immunogenet ; 41(5): 401-12, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25053118

RESUMO

Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) family are crucial in immune responses because they present pathogenic peptides to T cells. In this study, we analysed the genetic variation in forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) MHC II genes and its potential association with musk deer purulent disease. In total, 53 purulent disease-susceptible and 46 purulent disease-resistant individuals were selected for MHC II exon 2 fragment analysis. Among them, 16 DQ alleles and four additional DR alleles were identified, with DQ exon 2 fragments displaying a low level of polymorphism. The nonsynonymous substitutions exceeded the synonymous substitutions in the peptide-binding sites of DQA2, DQB1 and DQB2. Then, 28 MHC II alleles were used to analyse the distribution patterns of purulent disease between the susceptible and resistant groups. Among them, three alleles (DQA1*01, DQA1*02 and DQA2*04) were found to be resistant, and five alleles (DRB3*07, DQA1*03, DQA1*04, DQA2*05 and DQA2*06) were found to increase susceptibility. Additionally, three haplotypes were found to be putatively associated with musk deer purulent disease. However, these three haplotypes were only found in the resistant or susceptible group, and their frequencies were low. The results from our study support a contributory role of MHC II polymorphisms in the development of purulent disease in forest musk deer.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Animais/genética , Cervos/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Alelos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Doenças dos Animais/imunologia , Animais , Códon , Cervos/classificação , Éxons , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/química , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Seleção Genética , Alinhamento de Sequência
18.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 105(1): 13-7, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24238284

RESUMO

Silkworm (Bombyx mori) is an economically important insect. However, non-cocoon caused by chemical insecticide poisoning has largely hindered the development of sericulture. To explore the roles of detoxification enzymes in B. mori after insecticide poisoning, we monitored the activity changes of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, glutathione-S-transferase, and carboxylesterase in B. mori midgut and fatbody after phoxim feeding. At the same time, the expression levels of detoxification enzyme-related genes were also determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Compare to the control levels, the activity of P450 in the midgut and fatbody was increased to 1.72 and 6.72 folds; the activity of GST was no change in midgut, and in fatbody increased to 1.11 folds; the activity of carboxylesterase in the midgut was decreased to 0.69 folds, and in fatbody increased to 1.13 folds. Correspondingly, the expression levels of detoxifying enzyme genes CYP6ae22, CYP9a21, GSTo1 and Bmcce were increased to 15.99, 3.32, 1.86 and 2.30 folds in the midgut and to 3.58, 1.84, 2.14 and 4.21 folds in the fatbody after phoxim treatment. These results demonstrated the important roles of detoxification enzymes in phoxim metabolism. In addition, the detected activities of such enzymes were generally lower than those in cotton bollworms (Helicoverpa armigera), which may contribute to the high susceptibility of B. mori to insecticides. Our findings laid the foundation for further investigations of the molecular mechanisms of organophosphorus pesticide metabolism in B. mori.


Assuntos
Bombyx/enzimologia , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Inseticidas/metabolismo , Compostos Organotiofosforados/metabolismo , Animais , Bombyx/genética , Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bombyx/metabolismo , Carboxilesterase/genética , Carboxilesterase/metabolismo , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Inativação Metabólica , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Larva/enzimologia , Larva/genética , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/metabolismo
19.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 105(1): 36-43, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24238288

RESUMO

Silkworm (Bombyx mori) is not only an economically important insect but also a model system for lepidoptera. As a vital organ of digestion and nutrient absorption, the midgut of insects also serves as the first physiological barrier to chemical pesticides. In this study, microarray was performed to profile the gene expression changes in the midgut of silkworms exposed to phoxim. After 24h of phoxim exposure (4.0µg/mL), 266 genes displayed at least 2.0-fold changes in expression levels. Among them, 192 genes were up-regulated, and 74 genes were down-regulated. The most significant changes were 14.88-fold up-regulation and 23.36-fold down-regulation. According to gene ontology annotation and pathway analysis, differentially expressed genes were mainly classified into different groups based on their potential involvements in detoxification, immunne response, stress response, energy metabolism and transport. Particularly, the transcription levels of detoxification-related genes were up-regulated, such as cytochrome P450s, esterases and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), indicating increased detoxification activity in the midgut. Our study provides new insights into the molecular mechanism of pesticide metabolism in the midgut of insects, which may promote the development of highly efficient insecticides.


Assuntos
Bombyx/efeitos dos fármacos , Bombyx/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Animais , Bombyx/metabolismo , Sistema Digestório/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Digestório/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo
20.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 107(3): 391-7, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24267702

RESUMO

Silkworm (Bombyx mori), a model Lepidoptera insect, is an important economic insect. Its silk gland is the important organ for silk protein synthesis and secretion. Phoxim exposure causes deficient cocooning of silkworm and has become one of the major negative factors for the silk industry. To study the impact of phoxim exposure on silk gland, using gene chip technology, we examined differentially expressed genes in silk gland after silkworms were exposed to phoxim (4.0µg/mL) for 24h. Functional annotation, classification and KEGG signaling pathway analysis were performed. The results showed that out of 3206 genes detected in silk gland after phoxim exposure, 270 were differentially expressed significantly, including 249 up-regulated genes and 21 down-regulated genes. These differentially expressed genes related to apoptosis, detoxification and protein degradation were selected. Using qRT-PCR, the expression levels of 9 genes involved in apoptosis, detoxification and protein degradation were validated. In addition, the expression profiles of three related fibroin synthesis genes (Fib-H, Fib-L and P25) were analyzed. Our results showed that phoxim exposure induced apoptosis of silk gland cells and inhibition of fibroin synthesis. This may be the cause of deficient silkworm cocooning.


Assuntos
Bombyx/efeitos dos fármacos , Bombyx/metabolismo , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Compostos Organotiofosforados/farmacologia , Animais , Bombyx/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Insetos/genética
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