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1.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 25(9): 1046-1052, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inconsistent results exist on the role of tea consumption on subsequent risk of fracture. A dose-response meta-analysis was therefore conducted to assess the association of tea consumption with the risk of fracture based on prospective cohort studies. METHODS: The electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library were systematically searched to identify prospective cohort studies from inception until September 2020. The categories of high versus low and dose-response meta-analyses for tea consumption on the risk of fracture were calculated using the random-effects model. Eight prospective cohort studies recruited 774,134 individuals selected for the final meta-analysis. RESULTS: An increment of 1 cup in tea consumption was not associated with the risk of fracture [relative risk (RR), 0.98; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.96-1.00; P = 0.102]. Moreover, the highest tea consumption category was associated with a reduced risk of fracture (RR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.88-0.98; P = 0.005). Furthermore, heavy (RR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.85-0.98; P = 0.008) and mild (RR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.94-1.00; P = 0.046) tea consumption were associated with lower risk of fracture. However, moderate tea consumption was not associated with the risk of fracture (RR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.94-1.02; P = 0.281). CONCLUSION: This study found that increased tea consumption may provide a protective role in the risk of fracture. The benefits of tea consumption should be further explored according to the characteristics of the individuals.

2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1082-1088, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775717

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a set of data elements and standardized definitions of Coronary Artery Disease and Creative Antithrombotic Clinical Research Collaboration (CardiaCare), aiming to facilitate the exchange of disparate data sources, enhance the abilities to support multicenter researches, and subsequently ensure the databases use under standardized process and criteria. Methods: The Cardiacare writing committee members reviewed data elements and definitions from published guidelines, clinical trials, databases, and standardized documents, then determined the data elements and standardized definitions, which should be included in CardiaCare. The writing committee also considered the specific domestic clinical management strategies during the establishment of Cardiacare. The resulting documents provide a series of key data elements and standardized definitions used in the management of coronary artery disease patients. Key data elements from CardiaCare could be sorted by clinical management flowsheet and outcome from hospitalization to long-term follow-up. Results: The Cardiacare standardized set comprised 864 data elements from admission to post-hospital follow-up visit. There were 8 tables in the documents, including demographic and admission information (23 elements), medical history and risk factors (102 elements), clinical presentations and diagnosis (22 elements), diagnostic and laboratory tests (111 elements), interventional diagnosis and treatment (118 elements), pharmacological therapy (213 elements), clinical outcomes (161 elements), and special subpopulations (114 elements: 87 elements for transcatheter valve replacement and 27 elements with cardiac rehabilitation). Conclusions: The Cardiacare standardized data elements set could provide support for real-world clinical research in consecutive data collection and databases mining. A wider applicability in various settings of CardiaCare needs to be explored further.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos , Humanos
3.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1108-1116, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775721

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical implication of tissue-related biomarkers in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD). Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. Ten Stanford Type A AAD patients, who were diagnosed and surgically treated in the Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, from December 2018 to August 2019, were selected as the case group. Meanwhile, 10 patients with atherosclerotic heart disease, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), were selected as control group. The ascending aorta tissue specimens from patients of the two groups were collected during the operation. Four-dimensional non-standard quantitative proteomics technology (4D-LFQ) was used to detect the protein profile of ascending aorta tissue specimens of the two groups and to screen out differentially expressed proteins and analyze their biological functions. Precise quantification of the selected target proteins was achieved by parallel response monitoring (PRM). Results: A total of 3 985 proteins were identified by 4D-LFQ technology, among which 3 350 proteins could be quantified. There were 39 proteins were significantly upregulated and 47 proteins were significantly downregulated in AAD group. The results of biological function analysis showed that most of the differentially expressed proteins were located in the extracellular, and their functions were mainly involved in cell migration and proliferation, inflammatory cell activation, cell contraction, and muscle organ development. The 15 selected proteins underwent precise quantification by PRM, and the results showed that integrin α-Ⅱb (ITGA2B), integrin α-M (ITGAM), integrin ß-2 (ITGB2), integrin ß-3 (ITGB3) were significantly upregulated in the ascending aorta tissue of AAD patients. Conclusion: ITGA2B, ITGAM, ITGB2, and ITGB3 are highly expressed in aortic tissues of patients with AAD, which may be used as biomarkers for the diagnosis of AAD patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aorta , Biomarcadores , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Estudos Transversais , Humanos
4.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(10): 1024-1027, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814402

RESUMO

Gilbert's syndrome is a kind of benign inherited disease of bilirubin binding disorder, mainly due to the homozygous polymorphism A(TA)7TAA in the promoter of the gene for uridine diphosphate -glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), which is a TA insertion into the promoter, designated as UGT1A1*28, with UGT activity reduction to 30% of the normal value. Therefore, circulating fat-soluble unconjugated bilirubin cannot be converted into water-soluble conjugated bilirubin, leading to unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Bilirubin has a strong affinity for erythrocyte phospholipids, which interferes with membrane composition and dynamics, resulting in increased erythrocytes fragility, easy rupture, and gradual shortening of survival time. However, there are no obvious sign of hemolysis or abnormal iron metabolism, erythrocytes and bone marrow morphology. A small amount of chronic hemolysis stimulates extramedullary (normal bone marrow morphology) hematopoiesis, ensuing compensatory increase in circulating erythrocytes and hemoglobin. Hyperbilirubinemia may also weaken gastrointestinal motility, increase passive diffusion and absorption across the intestinal mucosal epithelium by 1.5 to 2 times, thereby aggravating or worsening hyperbilirubinemia mainly with unconjugated bilirubin circulation, which indicates that there is a causal relationship between the circulating bilirubin concentration and rapid erythrocytes turnover and hemolysis rate in patients with Gilbert's syndrome. Interestingly, bilirubin also has significant antioxidant and anti-mutagenic activities, and the potential health benefits of mild hyperbilirubinemia in Gilbert's syndrome include reduced prevalence of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus (and related risk factors), certain cancers, and cardiovascular-related and all-cause mortality. Exogenous bilirubin and biliverdin supplements in intestinal epithelial cells can be absorbed and may increase circulating concentration of these antioxidant compounds. With this information, we hope to raise awareness of the potentially harmful and beneficial effects of benign hyperbilirubinemia, and explore and develop beneficial medical interventions.

5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 716-722, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814457

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the virus genome mutation of mothers with C genotype HBV and explore its relationship with HBV intrauterine transmission. Methods: A total of 399 mothers carrying HBV and their newborns hospitalized in the obstetrics department of the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan from 2011 to 2013 were selected. Necessary information about mothers and children was obtained through a questionnaire survey and medical records. HBV DNA and HBV serological markers were detected by quantitative fluorescence PCR and electrochemiluminescence. Within 24 hours after birth and before active/passive immunization, those with positive HBsAg and/or HBV DNA in femoral venous blood were determined as HBV intrauterine transmission. According to the requirements of cloning and sequencing, mothers' HBV DNA load should be ≥106 IU/ml. Among 54 cases of HBV intrauterine transmission, 22 pairs of mothers and their newborns meeting the requirements of cloning and sequencing were used as the intrauterine transmission group. The same number of mothers and their newborns without intrauterine transmission was selected as the random seed method's control group. After PCR amplification of HBV DNA, gene cloning, and sequencing, the gene mutation analysis of mothers with C genotype HBV was performed. Results: Among the 44 samples, 39 (88.63%, 39/44) were genotype C, 2 were genotype B, and 3 were mixed genotype B, and C. A total of 406 clone beads from 42 mothers with C genotype HBV were analyzed for gene mutation, including 204 in the intrauterine transmission group and 202 in the control group. The base substitution mutation rate of PreS1, S, C, and P regions in the HBV intrauterine transmission group were significantly lower than those in the control group (χ2 ranged from 8.67 to 40.73, P<0.05). The mutation rate of base deletion in PreC and X regions in the HBV intrauterine transmission group was lower than that in the control group (χ2 values were 17.82 and 34.78, P<0.001). Two clones in the X region had 31 bp insertion mutations between nt1644 and nt1645, and two clones had 27 bp insertion mutations between nt1649 and nt1650, all of which took place in the control group. Conclusions: The base substitution mutations in the PreS1, S, C, and P segments of the HBV genome in mothers with C genotype HBV were associated with the occurrence of intrauterine transmission of HBV. Deletion mutations in the PreC region, insertion and deletion mutations in the X region may reduce intrauterine transmission risk.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 735-739, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814460

RESUMO

There are usually unknown or unmeasured confounders in the observational study, which is a significant challenge in epidemiological causal association research. This paper presents a tool for identification and effect assessment of unknown/unmeasured confounders in observational studies: probe variables. It can be divided into three forms: exposure probe variable, outcome probe variable, and mediation probe variable. The first two types can identify unknown/unmeasured confounding factors and estimate their size of effect to reveal the real correlation between exposure and outcome. The mediation probe variable controls for "mediating factors" to identify unmeasured confounders between exposure and results. The most significant difficulty in this theory's practice is selecting and determining "probe variables." Improper probe variables may introduce unknown confounders, which may lead to false identification of unmeasured confounders. Probe variables can be recommended as a sensitivity analysis in observational studies to help readers truly understand the association between exposure and outcomes and to increase the strength of evidence in observational epidemiological studies.

7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 807-813, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814471

RESUMO

Objective: To understanding tobacco dependence and its influencing factors among smokers aged 40 or older in China and provide scientific data for the implementation of smoking cessation intervention. Methods: The data of this study were collected from 125 surveillance sites in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) surveillance in China (2014 and 2015). The relevant variables of smoking status and tobacco dependence among people aged 40 or older were collected by face-to-face interview. The weighted proportion of tobacco dependence and its 95%CI and influencing factors among current smokers and daily smokers aged 40 or older in China were estimated with complex sampling weights. Results: A total of 22 380 current smokers and 19 999 daily smokers were included in the analysis. The proportion of high tobacco dependence of current smokers aged 40 or older was 31.1% (29.3%-32.9%). The proportion of high tobacco dependence was higher in men than in women, and higher in rural smokers than urban smokers. The proportion was 33.3% (31.3%-35.2%) in 40 to 59 years old smokers, which was higher than older age group. The proportion of high tobacco dependence among daily smokers aged 40 or older was 35.0% (33.0%-37.0%), and was 35.8% (33.8%-37.8%) in men and 22.0% (16.8%-27.2%) in women. Among current smokers and daily smokers, with the decrease of education level, the proportion of high tobacco dependence increased. The proportion of high tobacco dependence of smokers who started smoking before 18 years old was significantly higher than those who started smoking after 18 years old. The ratio of high tobacco dependence of smokers with chronic respiratory symptoms was higher than that of asymptomatic smokers. There was no significant difference in the tobacco dependence between patients with chronic diseases or chronic respiratory diseases and non patients (P>0.05). Smokers with diabetes, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and hypertension had a slightly lower proportion of high tobacco dependence than smokers without above diseases (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that men, central and eastern regions, 40-59 age group, engaged in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery industry, water conservancy, manufacture, transportation and commercial services occupation, low education level and smoking onset age less than 18 years old had a high risk of high tobacco dependence. Conclusions: The proportion of high tobacco dependence among current smokers aged 40 or older is high in China, so there is a huge demand for smoking cessation interventions. Effective measures should be taken to promote smoking cessation intervention in China.

8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1205-1212, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814532

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the characteristics of human papillomavirus infection and thinprep cytologic test (TCT) outcome in health check-up females in Shenzhen. Methods: Use cross-sectional design, collect information from data from health check-up females in Shenzhen and describe characteristics of HPV infections screening and TCT outcomes. Results: We collected the data of 75 754 females, 103 508 females and 69 964 females received HPV detection, TCT and combined detection respectively. HPV standardized infection rate was 19.89% (95%CI: 19.45%-20.33%) and showed a "U-shaped" pattern in age distribution. The most prevalent HPV genotypes were 52, 51, 16, 58 and 53. Infection rate was higher for high-risk HPV than low-risk HPV genotype. Single infection was more common than its multiple infection. In addition, 7.48% (95%CI: 7.22%-7.75%) women were TCT positive, of whom 4.58% (95%CI: 4.40%-4.76%), 2.54% (2.40%-2.69%), 0.27% (95%CI: 0.23%-0.31%) had atypical squamous cells, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, respectively. Overall and subtype HPV infection rates increased with severity of abnormal cervical cytology. The most prevalent HPV genotypes were 52, 58 and 16 in women with abnormal cervical cytology. Conclusions: HPV prevalence remains at a high level in Shenzhen. This study suggests that attention should be paid to HPV screening, especially in young, perimenopausal women and in high risk HPV genotype infection. Timely follow-up and cervical cytology screening are required for women with high-risk HPV infection or persistent infection. Future vaccination strategies should take account of prevalent HPV genotype.

9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1453-1459, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814567

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the transitions of frailty status and related factors influencing its worsening in middle-aged and elderly adults. Methods: Data was obtained from the Beijing MJ Health Screening Center. A total of 13 689 participants who attended health checkups at least twice during 2008-2019 and had more than three years' intervals during these two health checkups were included in the study. The frailty index comprising 28 variables was used to measure frailty status. Frailty was defined as frailty index ≥0.25, and prefrailty was defined as frailty index >0.10 and <0.25. Logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the association of socio-demographic factors and lifestyle characteristics with the worsening of frailty status, stratified by frailty status at the first health checkup. Results: The mean age at the first and last health checkups were (42.3±9.2) and (47.9±9.3) years, respectively. The mean interval during these two health checkups was (5.7±1.9) years. At the first health checkup, the prevalence of frailty and prefrailty were 2.5% and 50.3%, respectively. While at the last health checkup, the prevalence of frailty and prefrailty rose to 3.9% and 55.4%. Of all participants, 67.3% remained in the same frailty state, 21.2% worsening, and 12.5% improving. In robust participants at the first health checkup, older age, female, low education level, smoking cessation, daily smoking, being general obesity measured by BMI or central obesity measured by WHR showed an increased the risk of worsening frailty status. However, in prefrail participants at the first health checkup, older age, female, general, or central obesity presented as risk factors for worsening frailty status. Conclusion: Modifiable factors such as low education level, smoking, and obesity may increase the risk of worsening frailty status.

10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1840-1845, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814621

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the cognition and related factors on the use of HIV non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: The snowballing method was applied to recruit research subjects who were ≥18 years old, had sex with men in the past three months, and were aware of nPEP in MSM groups in Beijing, Shenzhen, and Kunming from March 15 to April 14, 2019. Data on social demographics, behavioral characteristics, basic knowledge of nPEP, consultation, and using nPEP were collected through "i guardian Platform". The logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors affecting the use of nPEP. Results: Among 1 809 investigated, 39.8% (720 persons) were aware of the basic knowledge of nPEP, 33.4% (605 persons) had consulted nPEP, and 15.0% (271 persons) had used nPEP. In addition, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors as whether to have sex with men infected with HIV in the last three months (OR=2.58, 95%CI: 1.64-4.07), the frequency of HIV testing in the past year (OR=2.47, 95%CI: 1.28-5.11), nPEP knowledge awareness (OR=0.70, 95%CI: 0.49-0.99), whether to consult nPEP (OR=70.98, 95%CI: 40.51-136.83) were related to the use of nPEP. Conclusions: MSM still have poor cognition of nPEP. It is necessary to strengthen the publicity and education of nPEP in MSM and promote the use of nPEP after HIV exposure as soon as possible.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6784, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811372

RESUMO

The control of the in-plane domain evolution in ferroelectric thin films is not only critical to understanding ferroelectric phenomena but also to enabling functional device fabrication. However, in-plane polarized ferroelectric thin films typically exhibit complicated multi-domain states, not desirable for optoelectronic device performance. Here we report a strategy combining interfacial symmetry engineering and anisotropic strain to design single-domain, in-plane polarized ferroelectric BaTiO3 thin films. Theoretical calculations predict the key role of the BaTiO3/PrScO3 [Formula: see text] substrate interfacial environment, where anisotropic strain, monoclinic distortions, and interfacial electrostatic potential stabilize a single-variant spontaneous polarization. A combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy, piezoresponse force microscopy, ferroelectric hysteresis loop measurements, and second harmonic generation measurements directly reveals the stabilization of the in-plane quasi-single-domain polarization state. This work offers design principles for engineering in-plane domains of ferroelectric oxide thin films, which is a prerequisite for high performance optoelectronic devices.

13.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1179-1184, 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749457

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the treatment method and effect of surgical resection and free flap repair of recurrent malignant tumors of maxillofacial paranasal sinus and skull base. Methods: The clinical data of 9 patients with recurrent maxillofacial paranasal sinus and skull base malignant tumors who underwent surgical resection and free flap repair in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Shandong Provincial Hospital from August 2009 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 5 males and 4 females, aged 32-69 years. There were 4 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 3 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, 1 case of myoepithelial carcinoma and 1 case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma. All patients were repaired with anterolateral femoral flap. The treatment process and postoperative effect were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results: All patients were followed up from 16 months to 6 years. There were 6 cases of recurrence after operation, including 1 case of local recurrence and 5 cases of skull base and craniocerebral recurrence. The median tumor free survival time of recurrent patients was 35 months. Conclusion: Surgical resection and free flap repair can effectively prolong the life of patients with recurrent maxillofacial paranasal sinus and skull base malignant tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Base do Crânio/cirurgia
14.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 821-828, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619907

RESUMO

Objective: To identify whether splenectomy for treatment of hypersplenism has any impact on development of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) among patients with liver cirrhosis and hepatitis. Methods: Patients who underwent splenectomy for hypersplenism secondary to liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension between January 2008 and December 2012 were included from seven hospitals in China, whereas patients receiving medication treatments for liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (non-splenectomy) at the same time period among the seven hospitals were included as control groups. In the splenectomy group, all the patients received open or laparoscopic splenectomy with or without pericardial devascularization. In contrast, patients in the control group were treated conservatively for liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension with medicines (non-splenectomy) with no invasive treatments, such as transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, splenectomy or liver transplantation before HCC development. All the patients were routinely screened for HCC development with abdominal ultrasound, liver function and alpha-fetoprotein every 3 to 6 months. To minimize the selection bias, propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match the baseline data of patients among splenectomy versus non-splenectomy groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival and cumulative incidence of HCC development, and the Log-rank test was used to compare the survival or disease rates between the two groups. Univariate and Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to analyze the potential risk factors associated with development of HCC. Results: A total of 871 patients with liver cirrhosis and hypertension were included synchronously from 7 tertiary hospitals. Among them, 407 patients had a history of splenectomy for hypersplenism (splenectomy group), whereas 464 patients who received medical treatment but not splenectomy (non-splenectomy group). After PSM,233 pairs of patients were matched in adjusted cohorts. The cumulative incidence of HCC diagnosis at 1,3,5 and 7 years were 1%,6%,7% and 15% in the splenectomy group, which was significantly lower than 1%,6%,15% and 23% in the non-splenectomy group (HR=0.53,95%CI:0.31 to 0.91,P=0.028). On multivariable analysis, splenectomy was independently associated with decreased risk of HCC development (HR=0.55,95%CI:0.32 to 0.95,P=0.031). The cumulative survival rates of all the patients at 1,3,5,and 7 years were 100%,97%,91%,86% in the splenectomy group,which was similar with that of 100%,97%,92%,84% in the non-splenectomy group (P=0.899). In total,49 patients (12.0%) among splenectomy group and 75 patients (16.2%) in non-splenectomy group developed HCC during the study period, respectively. Compared to patients in non-splenectomy group, patients who developed HCC after splenectomy were unlikely to receive curative resection for HCC (12.2% vs. 33.3%,χ²=7.029, P=0.008). Conclusion: Splenectomy for treatment of hypersplenism may decrease the risk of HCC development among patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hipertensão Portal , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Esplenectomia
15.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 787-792, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645221

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and mutation spectrum of ALPK3-related pediatric cardiomyopathy and craniofacial-skeletal abnormalities in children. Methods: The clinical data during a follow-up of 11 years including clinical features, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, cardiac magnetic resonance, genetic testing, and other data of a child firstly diagnosed with ALPK3 gene-related cardiomyopathy and craniofacial-skeletal abnormalities in China were collected retrospectively. The literatures containing the keyword of "ALPK3 gene" published in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database and PubMed were collected up to November 2020. Then, the clinical features and gene mutations of ALPK3 gene-related pediatric cardiomyopathy with craniofacial-skeletal features were summarized. Results: A female patient aged 10 months who presented with an enlarged heart for 2 months, was admitted to the hospital and initially diagnosed with endocardial elastic fibrosis. The echocardiography showed features of dilated left ventricle (LV) and LV systolic dysfunction. Low-set ears, webbed neck, a grade 2/6 systolic murmur at lower left sternal area and bilateral absent flexion creases of dig were observed. After treatment, the size and function of the heart recovered to normal at age 13 months. However, the ventricular septum and LV wall were thicker than normal values. Then, the diagnosis was revised to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM) and suspected congenital malformation syndrome. LV hypertrophy (LVH) progressed slowly before the age of 8 years and then progressed rapidly. At age 9 years, compound heterozygous ALPK3 mutations (c.721dup, p.Y241Lfs*42(exon 1) and c.4840C>T, p.R1614*(exon 10)) were detected in the proband and the mutations had not been reported previously. Then, the final diagnosis of ALPK3 gene-related pediatric cardiomyopathy with craniofacial-skeletal features was made. During the follow up of 11 years, regular follow-up echocardiographic images showed progressive LVH. At age 11 years, electrocardiogram showed LVH, ST-T changes in multiple-lead, T wave inversion, and prolonged QT intervals. Cardiac magnetic resonance showed biventricular hypertrophy and late gadolinium enhancement showed non-uniform enhancement of left and right ventricular myocardium. A total of 7 articles published in English were retrieved, and no Chinese literature was found. Twenty-eight cases were reported in the articles plus the patient in this study. Twenty-four mutations were reported worldwide, 18 patients carried homozygous mutations and 10 patients compound heterozygous mutations. Eleven patients showed dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) at early stage of disease, and 10 of them transitioned to HCM at the disease progression stage. Eight patients presented with HCM at early stage of disease. Nine patients initially exhibited a mixed phenotype of DCM and HCM, and 6 of them eventually progressed to HCM. Electrocardiogram showed prolonged QT interval. Extracardiac features included short stature, special face, cleft palate, webbed neck, joint contracture, and scoliosis, etc. Conclusions: Progressive myocardial hypertrophy is a major feature of ALPK3 gene-related cardiomyopathy with craniofacial-skeletal malformations. Precise diagnosis depends on molecular genetic techniques. More cases should be accumulated for further analysis on the genotype-phenotype correlation and prognosis assessment.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Criança , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Gadolínio , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(9): 861-866, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638205

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the current status of alcoholic hepatitis diagnosis by clinicians' in China. Methods: Clinical data of inpatients confirmed with alcohol-associated liver disease diagnosed at Tongliao Infectious Disease Hospital of Inner Mongolia from June 1, 2018 to May 31, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The consistency of clinical diagnosis of alcoholic hepatitis was judged according to the diagnostic criteria recommended by the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (USA), and then the alcoholic hepatitis severity assessment model recommended by international guidelines, including Maddrey discriminant function, Model for end-stage liver disease, and Glasgow alcoholic hepatitis score and ABIC scores (age, total bilirubin, international normalized ratio and creatinine) were applied to evaluate this group of cases. Results: Among 79 cases with alcohol-associated liver disease, 75 were males and 4 were females, age ranged between 27~75 (51.1±8.8) years. Alcohol consumption varied from 60 g/d to 600g/d, with an average consumption of 148.8 ± 76.6 g/d. The alcohol consumption duration ranged from 4 to 50 [average (23.9 ± 9.6)] years. According to the initial discharge diagnosis, there were 47 and 32 cases in alcoholic hepatitis and alcoholic liver cirrhosis group, respectively. The mean erythrocyte volume, serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and total bilirubin were increased in alcoholic liver cirrhosis than alcoholic hepatitis group, while albumin and total cholesterol were lowered in alcoholic liver cirrhosis than alcoholic hepatitis group, and coagulation indexes were significantly extended. Alpha-fetoprotein of both groups were in the normal range; however, it was significantly higher in the alcoholic hepatitis group than the alcoholic cirrhosis group. The 10 cases in the alcoholic cirrhosis group met the definition and diagnosis of alcoholic hepatitis defined by the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (USA), but there was no case in the alcoholic hepatitis group. Among the 10 diagnosed cases of alcoholic hepatitis, 5, 6, 1 and 3 cases met the diagnostic criteria of Maddrey discriminant function, Model for end-stage liver disease, Glasgow alcoholic hepatitis score, and ABIC score for severe alcoholic hepatitis, respectively. The Maddrey discriminant function, ABIC score, and Glasgow alcoholic hepatitis score within the Model for end-stage liver disease scores> 20 points had 5, 1, and 3 cases, respectively. Conclusion: Alcoholic hepatitis is over-diagnosed by clinicians. Alcoholic hepatitis patients have the base of liver cirrhosis who meet the diagnostic criteria of National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (USA). Patients with Model for end-stage liver disease score > 20 points have good consistency with Maddrey discriminant function score ≥ 32 points, and both can be used to evaluate the alcoholic hepatitis patient clinical severity.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal , Hepatite Alcoólica , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hepatite Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatite Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Eur Phys J E Soft Matter ; 44(10): 124, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617149

RESUMO

In this paper, the spontaneous bending of a liquid crystal elastomer (LCE) circular plate under light illumination is investigated. The large bending deformation configurations for the LCE circular plate with free edges are obtained by minimizing the potential energy. It is found that for an LCE circular plate with random distribution of liquid crystal molecules, if the light intensity is small, there is only one equilibrium configuration for bending of the LCE circular plate. However, when the light intensity reaches a critical value, the circular plate will buckle and there will be three possible equilibrium configurations. On the other hand, for an LCE circular plate with uniform orientation of liquid crystal molecules, the strain induced by light is anisotropic, and there is only one equilibrium configuration. In addition, bending shapes of the LCE circular plate depend on its thickness. These results may be useful for designing light-driven LCE devices.

19.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 111(3S): e244, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34701001

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Recent studies reported that the ultra-high dose rate (FLASH) irradiation induced less healthy tissue damages compared with conventional dose rate (CONV) irradiation, this phenomenon was referred to as the FLASH effect and the underlying mechanism remains elusive. This work aims to investigate the impact of antioxidants on the FLASH effect. MATERIALS/METHODS: BALB/c nude mice were treated with the antioxidant N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) and received whole abdominal 6 MeV X-ray FLASH (> 150 Gy/s) or CONV (0.2 Gy/s) irradiation. The prescribed doses were 16 Gy (lethal dose) and 10 Gy (non-lethal dose). EBT3 films were used to confirm the dose. Mice were sacrificed 24 h post-irradiation (pi) to study acute tissue responses or followed up to 6 weeks to look at late-stage responses and the survival probability. Whole blood count, cytokine expression, histologic analysis, and TUNEL assay of intestine were used performed. RESULTS: Mice that received FLASH irradiation had a higher survival probability 6 weeks pi, and less acute and late-stage intestine damages compared to CONV irradiation. For mice that received FLASH irradiation, there are no statistically significant differences in whole blood count, survival probability and intestine damages between NAC treated group and the non-NAC treated group. However, for mice who received CONV irradiation, mice treated with NAC had significantly lower survival probability, more white blood cells, lymphocytes, and neutrophils compared to those not treated with NAC. CONCLUSION: 6 MeV X-ray FLASH irradiation can spare healthy tissues compared to CONV irradiation. Administration of antioxidant lead to more radiation induced damages under CONV irradiation but no statistic significant impact on the tissue response to FLASH irradiation. More (ongoing) experiments should be performed to study the role of antioxidants in the FLASH effect.

20.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 111(3S): e444-e445, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34701468

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Postoperative locoregional recurrence (LRR) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is common. We aimed to explore the efficacy and toxicities of split-course hypo-fractionated radiotherapy with concurrent chemotherapy (HFRT-CHT) with intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) technique in this subgroup of patients. MATERIALS/METHODS: NSCLC patients were eligible if confirmed as LRR disease without distant metastasis after complete resection. HFRT-CHT using IMRT technique was administered with 51 Gy in 17 fractions or 40 Gy in 10 fractions as the first course followed by a 3-week break. Patients with no disease progression and no persistent ≥grade 2 toxicities had the second course of 15 Gy in 5 fractions or 28 Gy in 7 fractions as a boost. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients were enrolled, and 49 patients (84.5%) completed the whole split-course HFRT-CHT protocol as scheduled. With a median follow-up of 23.9 months for all, the 2-year and 3-year PFS rate was 59.7% and 46.4%, the 2-year and 3-year OS rate was 72.5% and 52.2%, respectively. The ORR rate was 77.6% (45/58) after the first course of HFRT-CHT, and 95.9% (47/49) after the whole course protocol. Grade 3 acute pneumonitis and esophagitis occurred in 2 (3.4%) and 7 (12.1%) patients, and one case (1.7%) of fatal pneumonitis was reported. Grade ≥3 leucopenia, neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 3 (5.2%), 2 (3.4%), 1 (1.7%) and 3 (5.2%) patients, respectively. Exploratory subgroup analysis showed that performance status (PS) (PS 0 vs. 1: 2-year PFS, 88.1% vs. 46.9%, P = 0.001; 2-year OS, 100% vs. 59.4%, P < 0.001), recurrence site (single vs. multiple: 2-year PFS, 93.8% vs. 47.4%, P = 0.008; 2-year OS, 100% vs. 63.0%, P = 0.001), and gross tumor volume (GTV) (< 50cm3 vs. ≥50cm3: 2-year PFS, 70.6% vs. 46.2%, P = 0.024; 2-year OS, 85.6% vs. 57.4%, P = 0.034) were significantly associated with PFS and OS. CONCLUSION: Split-course HFRT-CHT with IMRT technique achieved promising disease control and satisfactory survival with moderate toxicities in postoperative LRR NSCLC patients. Good PS, a single recurrence site and GTV < 50cm3 tended to have prolonged PFS and OS. Early detection and diagnosis of LRR may improve the efficacy of this treatment regimen. Postoperative LRR deserved a second attempt of cure.

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