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1.
Gene ; 808: 145973, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592350

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Abnormal expression of ionotropic glutamate receptor NMDA type subunit 1, the key subunit of the NMDA receptor, may be related to many neuropsychiatric disorders. In this study, we explored the functional sequence of the 5' regulatory region of the human GRIN1 gene and discussed the transcription factors that may regulate gene expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve recombinant pGL3 vectors with gradually truncated fragment lengths were constructed, transfected into HEK-293, U87, and SK-N-SH cell lines, and analyzed through the luciferase reporter gene assay. JASPAR database is used to predict transcription factors. RESULTS: In SK-N-SH and U87 cell lines, regions from -337 to -159 bp, -704 to -556 bp inhibited gene expression, while -556 to -337 bp upregulated gene expression. In HEK-293 and U87 cell lines, the expression of fragment -1703 to + 188 bp was significantly increased compared to adjacent fragments -1539 to + 188 bp and -1843 to + 188 bp. The protein expressions of fragments -2162 to + 188 bp and -2025 to + 188 bp, -1539 to + 188 bp and -1215 to + 188 bp, -1215 to + 188 bp and -1066 to + 188 bp were significantly different in HEK-293 and SK-N-SH cells. According to the predictions of the JASPAR database, the transcription factors REST, EGR1, and CREB1/HIC2 may bind the DNA sequences of GRIN1 gene from the -337 to -159, -556 to -337, and -704 to -556, respectively. In addition, zinc finger transcription factors may regulate the expression of other differentially expressed fragments. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal transcription regulation in the proximal promoter region of GRIN1 (-704 to + 188 bp) may be involved in the course of neuropsychiatric diseases.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3116-3122, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467703

RESUMO

Screening suitable reference genes is the premise of quantitative Real-time PCR(qRT-PCR)for gene expression analysis. To provide stable reference genes for expression analysis of genes in Aconitum vilmorinianum, this study selected 19 candidate re-ference genes(ACT1, ACT2, ACT3, aTUB1, aTUB2, bTUB, 18S rRNA, UBQ, eIF2, eIF3, eIF4, eIF5, CYP, GAPDH1, GAPDH2, PP2A1, PP2A2, ACP, and EF1α) based on the transcriptome data of A. vilmorinianum. qRT-PCR was conducted to profile the expression of these genes in the root, stem, leaf, and flower of A. vilmorinianum. The Ct values showed that 18S rRNA with high expression level and GAPDH2 with large expression difference among organs were not suitable as the reference genes. NormFinder and geNorm showed similar results of the expression stability of the other candidate reference genes and demonstrated PP2A1, EF1α, and CYP as the highly stable ones. However, BestKeeper suggested EF1α, ACT3, and PP2A1 as the top stable genes. In view of the different results from different softwares, the geometric mean method was employed to analyze the expression stability of the candidate re-ference genes, the results of which indicated that PP2A1, EF1α, and ACT3 were the most stable. Based on the comprehensive analysis results of geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and geometric mean method, PP2A1 and EF1α presented the most stable expression in different organs of A. vilmorinianum. PP2A1 and EF1α were the superior reference genes for gene expression profiling in different organs of A. vilmorinianum.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Plantas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Padrões de Referência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
3.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 16: 2361-2370, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116535

RESUMO

Purpose: Abnormal expression of the NR1 subunit of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor may potentially increase the susceptibility to neuropsychiatric diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the functional sequence of the 3'UTR of the human GRIN1 gene, which encodes the GluN1 receptor to determine the effect on the expression of GluN1 receptor. Methods: We transferred seven recombinant pmirGLO recombinant vectors containing the 3'UTR truncated fragment of the GRIN1 gene into HEK-293, SK-N-SH, and U87 cell lines and compared the relative fluorescence intensity of adjacent length fragments. The TargetScan database was used to predict miRNAs. Then, miRNA mimics/inhibitors were co-transfected into the three cell lines with the 3'UTR of GRIN1 (pmirGLO - GRIN1), to investigate their influence on GRIN1 gene expression. Results: Compared with the pmirGLo-Basic vector, the relative fluorescence intensity of the complete GRIN1 gene 3'UTR recombinant sequence -27 bp - +1284 bp (the next base of the stop codon is +1) was significantly decreased in all three cell lines. The relative fluorescence intensities were significantly different between -27 bp - +294 bp and -27 bp - +497 bp regions, and between -27 bp - +708 bp and -27 bp - +907 bp regions. According to the prediction of the TargetScan database and analysis, miR-212-5p, miR-324-3p and miR-326 may bind to +295 bp - +497 bp, while miR-491-5p may bind to +798 bp - +907 bp. After co-transfection of miRNA mimic/inhibitor or mimic/inhibitor NC with a recombinant vector in the 3'UTR region of GRIN1 gene, we found that has-miR-491-5p inhibited GRIN1 expression significantly in all three cell lines, while has-miR-326 inhibitor upregulated GRIN1 expression in HEK-293 and U87 cells. Conclusion: miR-491-5p may bind to the 3'UTR of the GRIN1 gene (+799 bp - +805 bp, the next base of the stop codon is +1) and down-regulate gene expression in HEK-293, SK-N-SH, and U87 cell lines, which implicates a potential role of miR-491-5p in central nervous system diseases.

4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 499, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B receptor (5-HT1B) plays an essential role in the serotonin (5-HT) system and is widely involved in a variety of brain activities. HTR1B is the gene encoding 5-HT1B. Genome-wide association studies have shown that HTR1B polymorphisms are closely related to multiple mental and behavioral disorders; however, the functional mechanisms underlying these associations are unknown. This study investigated the effect of several HTR1B haplotypes on regulation of gene expression in vitro and the functional sequences in the 5' regulatory region of HTR1B to determine their potential association with mental and behavioral disorders. METHODS: Six haplotypes consisting of rs4140535, rs1778258, rs17273700, rs1228814, rs11568817, and rs130058 and several truncated fragments of the 5' regulatory region of HTR1B were transfected into SK-N-SH and HEK-293 cells. The relative fluorescence intensities of the different haplotypes and truncated fragments were detected using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system. RESULTS: Compared to the major haplotype T-G-T-C-T-A, the relative fluorescence intensities of haplotypes C-A-T-C-T-A, C-G-T-C-T-A, C-G-C-A-G-T, and C-G-T-A-T-A were significantly lower, and that of haplotype C-G-C-A-G-A was significantly higher. Furthermore, the effects of the rs4140535T allele, the rs17273700C-rs11568817G linkage combination, and the rs1228814A allele made their relative fluorescence intensities significantly higher than their counterparts at each locus. Conversely, the rs1778258A and rs130058T alleles decreased the relative fluorescence intensities. In addition, we found that regions from - 1587 to - 1371 bp (TSS, + 1), - 1149 to - 894 bp, - 39 to + 130 bp, + 130 to + 341 bp, and + 341 to + 505 bp upregulated gene expression. In contrast, regions - 603 to - 316 bp and + 130 to + 341 bp downregulated gene expression. Region + 341 to + 505 bp played a decisive role in gene transcription. CONCLUSIONS: HTR1B 5' regulatory region polymorphisms have regulatory effects on gene expression and potential correlate with several pathology and physiology conditions. This study suggests that a crucial sequence for transcription is located in region + 341 ~ + 505 bp. Regions - 1587 to - 1371 bp, - 1149 to - 894 bp, - 603 to - 316 bp, - 39 to + 130 bp, and + 130 to + 341 bp contain functional sequences that can promote or suppress the HTR1B gene expression.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Transtornos Mentais , Células HEK293 , Haplótipos , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Receptor 5-HT1B de Serotonina/genética , Receptores de Serotonina/genética
5.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 159, 2020 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The CACNA1C gene was defined as a risk gene for schizophrenia in a large genome-wide association study of European ancestry performed by the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. Previous meta-analyses focused on the association between the CACNA1C gene rs1006737 and schizophrenia. The present study focused on whether there was an ancestral difference in the effect of the CACNA1C gene rs1006737 on schizophrenia. rs2007044 and rs4765905 were analyzed for their effect on the risk of schizophrenia. METHODS: Pooled, subgroup, sensitivity, and publication bias analysis were conducted. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria, including fourteen rs1006737 studies (15,213 cases, 19,412 controls), three rs2007044 studies (6007 cases, 6518 controls), and two rs4765905 studies (2435 cases, 2639 controls). An allele model study also related rs2007044 and rs4765905 to schizophrenia. The overall meta-analysis for rs1006737, which included the allele contrast, dominant, recessive, codominance, and complete overdominance models, showed significant differences between rs1006737 and schizophrenia. However, the ancestral-based subgroup analysis for rs1006737 found that the genotypes GG and GG + GA were only protective factors for schizophrenia in Europeans. In contrast, the rs1006737 GA genotype only reduced the risk of schizophrenia in Asians. CONCLUSIONS: Rs1006737, rs2007044, and rs4765905 of the CACNA1C gene were associated with susceptibility to schizophrenia. However, the influence model for rs1006737 on schizophrenia in Asians and Europeans demonstrated both similarities and differences between the two ancestors.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Genéticos , Viés de Publicação , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
6.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 16: 1519-1532, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606704

RESUMO

Background: Epidemiological studies have shown that genetic factors are among the causes of schizophrenia. Galanin receptor 1 is an inhibitory receptor of galanin that is widely distributed in the central nervous system. This study mainly explored the relationship between polymorphisms of the 5' region of the GALR1 gene and schizophrenia in the northern Chinese Han population. Methods: A 1545 bp fragment of the 5' regulatory region of the GALR1 gene was amplified and sequenced in 289 schizophrenia patients and 347 healthy controls. Results: Among the haplotypes composed of the 16 detected SNPs, the haplotype H3 was identified as conferring a risk of schizophrenia (p=0.011, OR=1.430, 95% CI=1.084-1.886). In addition, the haplotypes H4 and H7 were both protective against schizophrenia (p=0.024, OR=0.526, 95% CI=0.298-0.927; p=0.037, OR=0.197, 95% CI=0.044-0.885, respectively). In the subgroup analysis by sex, it was found that seven SNP alleles (rs72978691, rs11662010, rs11151014, rs11151015, rs13306374, rs5373, rs13306375) conferred a risk of schizophrenia in females (p<0.05), while allele G of rs7242919 (p=0.007) was protective against schizophrenia in females. Moreover, the rs72978691 AA+AC genotype (p=0.006, OR=1.874, 95% CI=1.196-2.937, power=0.780), rs7242919 CC+CG genotype (p=0.002, OR=2.027, 95% CI=1.292-3.180, power=0.861), rs11151014 GG+GT genotype (p=0.008, OR=1.834, 95% CI=1.168-2.879, power=0.735), rs11151015 GG+AG genotype (p=0.002, OR=2.013, 95% CI =1.291-3.137, power=0.843), rs13306374 CC+AC genotype (p=0.006, OR=1.881, 95% CI=1.198-2.953, power=0.788), and rs13306375 GG+AG genotype (p=0.006, OR=1.868, 95% CI=1.194-2.921, power=0.770) increased the risk of schizophrenia in females. The haplotype FH2 consisting of rs72978691, rs11662010, rs7242919, rs11151014, rs11151015, rs13306374, rs5373, and rs13306375 may also be associated with the risk of schizophrenia in females (p=0.024). Conclusion: This study identified an association between polymorphisms in the 5' region of the GALR1 gene and schizophrenia, especially in females.

7.
BMC Genet ; 21(1): 79, 2020 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32689951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The HTR1B gene encodes the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT1B) receptor, which is involved in a variety of brain activities and mental disorders. The regulatory effects of non-coding regions on genomic DNA are one of many reasons for the cause of genetic-related diseases. Post-transcriptional regulation that depends on the function of 3' regulatory regions plays a particularly important role. This study investigated the effects, on reporter gene expression, of several haplotypes of the HTR1B gene (rs6297, rs3827804, rs140792648, rs9361234, rs76194807, rs58138557, and rs13212041) and truncated fragments in order to analyze the function of the 3' region of HTR1B. RESULTS: We found that the haplotype, A-G-Del-C-T-Ins-A, enhanced the expression level compared to the main haplotype; A-G-Del-C-G-Ins-A; G-G-Del-C-G-Ins-G decreased the expression level. Two alleles, rs76194807T and rs6297G, exhibited different relative luciferase intensities compared to their counterparts at each locus. We also found that + 2440 ~ + 2769 bp and + 1953 ~ + 2311 bp regions both had negative effects on gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: The 3' region of HTR1B has a regulatory effect on gene expression, which is likely closely associated with the interpretation of HTR1B-related disorders. In addition, the HTR1B 3' region includes several effector binding sites that induce an inhibitory effect on gene expression.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptor 5-HT1B de Serotonina/genética , Alelos , Linhagem Celular , Haplótipos , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética
8.
J Int Med Res ; 48(6): 300060520926364, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A growing number of studies have reported that genes involved in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks might be cancer-susceptibility genes. The x-ray cross-complementing group 4 gene (XRCC4) encodes a protein that functions in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks, and this meta-analysis aimed to investigate the relationship between the XRCC4 rs1805377 polymorphism and cancer occurrence. METHODS: We retrieved case-control studies that met the inclusion criteria from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. Associations between rs1805377 and cancer risk were evaluated by odds ratios (ORs) using a random effects model and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as well as sensitivity and subgroup analyses. RESULTS: After inclusion criteria were met, the meta-analysis involved 24 studies that included 9,633 cancer patients and 10,544 healthy controls. No significant association was found between rs1805377 and the risk of cancer (pooled OR = 1.107; 95% CI = 0.955-1.284) in the dominant genetic model. Similarly, no significant association was observed in the subgroup analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Through this meta-analysis, we found no association between the rs1805377 polymorphism and cancer occurrence. This may provide useful information for relevant future studies into the etiology of cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
9.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 46: 101726, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526672

RESUMO

China harbors 56 ethnic groups and Han is the largest population. It is informative and useful to explore the available population genetic characteristics of Chinese Han population from Fujian Province, Southeast China. In our study, we explored the genetic characteristics of 20 autosomal Short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 1555 unrelated Chinese Han individuals from Zhangzhou City, Southeastern China using the SureID® 21G Human STR Identification Kit. Moreover, phylogenetic analysis was performed between the Zhangzhou Han population and other relevant populations based on the shared autosomal STR genotyping. The neighbor-joining tree and multidimensional scaling analysis were analyzed based on the Nei's standard genetic distance. We found 262 alleles among 1555 unrelated individuals and the corresponding allele frequencies ranged from 0.5521 to 0.0003. The combined power of discrimination and exclusion of the 20 autosomal STR loci were 0.99999999999999999999999943 and 0.999999996166537, respectively. Population comparison revealed that the Zhangzhou Han population were lining up together with the southern Han populations in China while showed significant differences from other China populations. Our results found that the 20 autosomal STR loci in Zhangzhou Han population are meaningful for forensic medicine and human genetic. The genetics characteristic of Zhangzhou Han population is similar with the southern Han population in China.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Medicina Legal , Loci Gênicos/genética , Genética Populacional/métodos , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , China , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético
10.
J Int Med Res ; 48(6): 300060520932801, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex genetic and environmental etiology. The gene encoding EF-hand domain-containing protein D2 (EFHD2) may be a genetic risk locus for schizophrenia. METHODS: We genotyped four EFHD2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (281 schizophrenia cases [SCZ], 321 controls) from northern Chinese Han individuals using Sanger sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Differences existed in genotype, allele, and haplotype frequency distributions between SCZ and control groups. RESULTS: The rs2473357 genotype and allele frequency distributions differed between SCZ and controls; however, this difference disappeared after Bonferroni correction. Differences in rs2473357 genotype and allele frequency distributions between SCZ and controls were more pronounced in men than in women. The G allele increased schizophrenia risk (odds ratio = 1.807, 95% confidence interval = 1.164-2.803). Among six haplotypes (G-, A-, G-insC, A-C, G-C, and G-T), the G- haplotype frequency distribution differed between SCZ and controls in women; the A-C and G-C haplotype frequency distributions differed between SCZ and controls in men. CONCLUSIONS: EFHD2 may be involved in schizophrenia. Sex differences in EFHD2 genotype and allele frequency distributions existed among schizophrenia patients. Further research is needed to determine the role of EFHD2 in schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
11.
J Mol Neurosci ; 70(11): 1851-1857, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388801

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a serious neurodevelopmental disorder. Genetics is an important factor leading to schizophrenia, but its exact role is still unclear. Many studies have focused on neurotransmitters and regulators that participate in the processes mediated by these neurotransmitters. Alcohol dehydrogenase may not only catalyze the oxidation of retinol and ethanol but also be involved in a variety of neurotransmitter metabolic pathways. Therefore, our study investigated whether ADH7 gene variations in the Chinese Han population were associated with schizophrenia. Genomic DNA was extracted from a cohort of 275 schizophrenic patients (136 men and 139 women) and 313 healthy controls (160 men and 153 women) from the Northern Han Chinese population. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test and linkage disequilibrium analysis were performed. Differences in genotypes, alleles, and haplotypes between the schizophrenic and control groups were determined using the chi-square test and correlation analysis. The distribution of the CC + TT genotype of rs284787 was statistically different between the case and control groups (p = 0.026, OR = 1.448); however, the difference disappeared after Bonferroni correction. Linkage analysis indicated that rs739147, rs284787, rs3805329, rs894369, rs3805331, and rs284786 were closely linked in one block. The haplotype analysis found no association between the composed haplotypes and the occurrence of schizophrenia. Our study showed that the ADH7 gene was not associated with the risk of schizophrenia. Additional studies with larger cohorts of different ethnicities are needed to validate our findings.

12.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 85, 2020 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32316934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that Ser9Gly (rs6280) might be involved in the occurrence of schizophrenia. However, no consist conclusion has yet been achieved. Compared to the case-control study, the family-based study took into account stratification bias. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of family-based studies to measure a pooled effect size of the association between Ser9Gly and the risk of schizophrenia. METHODS: The relevant family-based studies were screened using the electronic databases by the inclusion criteria. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to measure the correction between Ser9Gly polymorphism and schizophrenia susceptibility. Subgroup analysis was performed by stratification of ethnicity (i.e., East Asian, Caucasian, and other populations). Additionally, publication bias was evaluated by the funnel plot. RESULTS: After literature searching, a total of 13 family-based association studies were included, which contained 11 transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) studies with 1219 informative meiosis and 5 haplotype-based haplotype relative risk (HRR) studies. No statistical significance of the heterogeneity was detected in TDT and HRR studies. Thus, the pooled effect size was calculated under the fixed effect model. The results found that the association was significantly protective in East Asian in TDT studies (204 informative meiosis, OR = 0.744, 95% CI = 0.564-0.980, Z-value = - 2.104, p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis based on the family study found a protective association of Ser9Gly in East Asian. In future, large sample molecular epidemiology studies are needed to validate our findings.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Receptores de Dopamina D3/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Esquizofrenia/patologia
13.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 16: 985-992, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346293

RESUMO

Background: Abnormal RGS4 gene expression may cause neurotransmitter disorders, resulting in schizophrenia. The association between RGS4 and the risk of schizophrenia is controversial, and there has been little research on the SNPs in the promoter region of RGS4. Purpose: The present study was performed to detect the association between SNPs in the promoter region of the RGS4 gene and the risk of schizophrenia. Materials and Methods: In this study, the 1757-bp fragment (-1119-+600, TSS+1) of RGS4 was amplified and sequenced in 198 schizophrenia patients and 264 healthy controls of the northern Chinese Han population. Allele, genotype and haplotype frequencies were analyzed by chi-square test. Results: Four SNPs were detected in the region. LD analysis determined that rs7515900 was linked to rs10917671 (D' = 1, r2 = 1). Therefore, the data for rs10917671 were eliminated from further analysis. Genotype TT of rs12041948 (P = 0.009, OR = 1.829, and 95% CI = 0.038-0.766) was significantly different between the two groups in the northern Chinese Han population. In males, genotype GG of rs6678136 (P = 0.009, OR = 2.292, and 95% CI = 1.256-4.18) and CC of rs7515900 (P = 0.003, OR = 2.523, and 95% CI = 1.332-4.778) were significantly different. Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that genotype TT of rs12041948 in the pooled male and female samples and GG of rs6678136 and CC of rs7515900 in the male samples could be risk factors for schizophrenia. The present study is the first to detect an association between SNPs in the promoter region of the RGS4 gene and the risk of schizophrenia in the northern Chinese Han population. Functional studies are required to confirm these findings.

14.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 48(1): 276-287, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858826

RESUMO

Background: The abnormal expression Dopamine D1 receptor (DRD1) gives rise to the dysfunction of dopaminergic neurotransmitter and may be associated with the occurrence of schizophrenia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate the DRD1 expression by binding 3'UTR and be involved in the post-transcriptional regulation.Methods: We first constructed the pmirGLO-recombined vectors of series of DRD1 gene 3'UTR-truncated fragments and performed the luciferase receptor assay to screen the underlying 3'UTR sequence targeted by miRNAs. Then, we predicted the potential miRNAs binding the target sequence and confirmed their effects using luciferase receptor assay after transfection of the miRNA mimics/inhibitors. We also examined the effects of the miRNA on the endogenous DRD1 expression.Results: We found that the DRD1 3'UTR ranging from -12 to +1135 bp was essential for the post-transcriptional regulation of miRNAs. The deletion of -12 to +154 bp fragment significantly increased the luciferase expression but not the mRNA expression. The miRNA-15a, miRNA-15b and miRNA 16 affected DRD1 expression in HEK293, U87, SK-N-SH and SH-SY5Y cell lines.Conclusion: The miRNA-15a, miRNA-15b and miRNA-16 inhibit the human dopamine D1 receptor expression by targeting 3'UTR -12 to +154 bp.HighlightsDRD1 3'UTR ranging from -12 to +1135 bp was essential for the post-transcriptional regulation of miRNAs.The deletion of -12 to +154 bp fragment significantly increased the luciferase expression but not the mRNA expression.The miRNA-15a, miRNA-15b and miRNA 16 affected DRD1 expression in different cell lines, respectively.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptores de Dopamina D1/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HEK293 , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Receptores de Dopamina D1/genética
15.
J Mol Neurosci ; 70(2): 155-166, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440993

RESUMO

The dopamine transporter is coded by the SLC6A3 gene and plays an important role in regulation of the neurotransmitter dopamine. To detect the association between the SLC6A3 gene and the risk of schizophrenia, 31 case-control articles were included in this meta-analysis. There were 23 studies with 40 bp VNTR (3246 cases and 3639 controls), 4 studies with rs40184 (2020 cases and 1674 controls), rs6347 (1317 cases and 1917 controls), rs403636 (2045 cases and 1704 controls), and rs2975226 (849 cases and 904 controls); and 3 studies with rs12516948 (1920 cases and 1569 controls), rs27072 (984 cases and 1015 controls), rs6869645 (1142 cases and 1082 controls), rs37022 (1168 cases and 1091 controls), rs464049 (1169cases and 1096 controls), rs2652511 (707 cases and 714 controls), and rs3756450 (1176 cases and 1096 controls). Pooled, subgroup, and sensitivity analyses were performed, and the results were visualized by forest and funnel plots. In the dominant genetic model, the genotype AA+AT of rs2975226 in the Indian population (Pz = 0, odds ratio [OR] = 3.245, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.806-5.831), TT of rs464049 (Pz = 0.002, OR = 1.389, 95% CI = 1.129-1.708), and TT of rs3756450 (Pz = 0.014, OR = 1.251, 95% CI = 1.047-1.495) might be risk factors for schizophrenia. Additionally, no other single nucleotide polymorphisms were observed. These results indicate that more functional studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Dopamina/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Esquizofrenia/genética , Humanos
16.
Neurosci Lett ; 713: 134535, 2019 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586698

RESUMO

The Schizophrenia Psychiatric GWAS Consortium (PGC) has identified the rs1625579 polymorphism in the MIR137 gene, which encodes miR-137, as the strongest new association with schizophrenia in the European population. However, whether the influence of rs1625579 on schizophrenia in the Asian population is consistent with these results remains unclear. A total of 21 studies (9878 schizophrenic patients and 9447 control subjects) that met the inclusion criteria were included in our meta-analysis. Pooled analysis, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis and publication bias were performed. The T allele, TT genotype and TT + GG genotype were associated with schizophrenia as risk factors. Subgroup analysis shows that no heterogeneity existed in the European and Asian populations. Our meta-analysis found that the Rs1625579 polymorphism in the MIR137 gene was associated with the risk of schizophrenia. The current findings provide a reference for case-control studies of schizophrenia in the future.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Adulto Jovem
17.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(11): e984, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is meaningful to expand the available population information on forensic medicine and to investigate the genetic characteristics of Han population from Jilin Province, Northeast China. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the genetic characteristics of 24 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 1,088 unrelated Chinese Han male individuals from Jilin Province, using DNATyperTM Y24 amplification kit. Additionally, we performed the population comparison between the Jilin population and the other nine reported populations based on the Y-STR genotyping haplotypes. RESULTS: A total of 1,067 different haplotypes were found from 1,088 unrelated individuals, of which 1,046 were unique and 21 were shared by two individuals. The gene diversity values of 22 loci ranged from 0.3870 (DYS391) to 0.9668 (DYS385ab). The random match probability was 0.0010 with the discrimination capacity of 0.9807. Population comparison showed that there were minor differences compared to Beijing Chinese Han, China Manchu, Gansu Chinese Han, and Jiangsu Chinese Han, but major differences with respect to the populations of Guangdong Chinese Han, Yunnan Chinese Han, China Hui, China Korean, and China Tibetan. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the 24 Y-STR loci in Jilin Han population are valuable for forensic application and human genetics.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Genética Populacional , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Grupos Étnicos , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614865

RESUMO

This study identified a transcription factor that might bind to the 5' regulatory region of the HTR1A and explored the potential effect on 5-HT1A receptor expression. Based on JASPAR predictions, the binding of the transcription factor was demonstrated using the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Vectors over-expressing the transcription factor were co-transfected into HEK-293 and SK-N-SH cells with the recombinant pGL3 vector, and relative fluorescence intensity was measured to determine regulatory activity. Additionally, the qRT-PCR and Western blot were also used to identify whether the transcription factor modulated the endogenous expression of 5-HT1A receptor. The results suggest that the transcription factor CCAA/T enhancer binding protein beta (CEBPB) likely binds to the -1219 to -1209 bp (ATG+1) region of the HTR1A. Two sequences located in the -722 to -372 bp and -119 to +99 bp were also identified. Although the effect of CEBPB on endogenous 5-HT1A receptor expression was not significant, it exhibited the strong inhibition on the relative fluorescence intensity and the mRNA level of HTR1A. CEBPB inhibited the human HTR1A expression by binding to the sequence -1219 - -1209 bp. This is useful and informative for ascertaining the regulation of 5-HT1A receptor and mental diseases.


Assuntos
Região 5'-Flanqueadora , Proteína beta Intensificadora de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina/metabolismo , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico
20.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(5): e652, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30908890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of haplotypes T-G and C-A derived from NG_012836.1:g.4160T>C and NG_012836.1:g.4326G>A on protein expression levels in vitro and identified the functional sequence in the regulatory region of the GABRB3 gene linked to possible associations with schizophrenia. METHODS: Recombinant plasmids with haplotypes T-G and C-A and 10 recombinant vectors containing deletion fragments from the GABRB3 gene 5' regulatory region were transfected into HEK-293, SK-N-SH, and SH-SY5Y cells. The relative fluorescence intensity of the two haplotypes and different sequences was compared using a dual luciferase reporter assay system. RESULTS: The relative fluorescence intensity of haplotype C-A was significantly lower than that of T-G. We shortened the core promoter sequence of the GABRB3 gene 5' regulation region from -177 bp to -18 bp (ATG+1). We also found an expression suppression region from -1,735 bp to -1,638 bp and an enhanced regulatory region from -1,638 bp to -1,335 bp. Multiple inhibitory functional elements were identified in the region from -680 bp to -177 bp. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that haplotype C-A might increase the risk of schizophrenia and found multiple regulatory regions that had an effect on GABRB3 receptor expression.


Assuntos
Receptores de GABA-A/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Região 5'-Flanqueadora , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HEK293 , Haplótipos , Humanos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Receptores de GABA-A/metabolismo
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