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1.
Bioact Mater ; 21: 110-128, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093329

RESUMO

Cell source is the key to decellularized matrix (DM) strategy. This study compared 3 cell types, osteocytes with/without dominant active Wnt/ß-catenin signaling (daCO and WTO) and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) for their DMs in bone repair. Decellularization removes all organelles and >95% DNA, and retained >74% collagen and >71% GAG, maintains the integrity of cell basement membrane with dense boundaries showing oval and honeycomb structure in osteocytic DM and smooth but irregular shape in the BMSC-DM. DM produced higher cell survival rate (90%) and higher proliferative activity. In vitro, daCO-DM induces more and longer stress fibers in BMSCs, conducive to cell adhesion, spreading, and osteogenic differentiation. 8-wk after implantation of the critical-sized parietal bone defect model, daCO-DM formed tight structures, composed of a large number of densely-arranged type-I collagen under polarized light microscope, which is similar to and integrated with host bone. BV/TV (>54%) was 1.5, 2.9, and 3.5 times of WTO-DM, BMSC-DM, and none-DM groups, and N.Ob/T.Ar (3.2 × 102/mm2) was 1.7, 2.9, and 3.3 times. At 4-wk, daCO-DM induced osteoclastogenesis, 2.3 times higher than WTO-DM; but BMSC-DM or none-DM didn't. daCO-DM increased the expression of RANKL and MCSF, Vegfa and Angpt1, and Ngf in BMSCs, which contributes to osteoclastogenesis, angiogenesis, and neurogenesis, respectively. daCO-DM promoted H-type vessel formation and nerve markers ß3-tubulin and NeuN expression. Conclusion: daCO-DM produces metabolic and neurovascularized organoid bone to accelerate the repair of bone defects. These features are expected to achieve the effect of autologous bone transplantation, suitable for transformation application.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0254, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387934

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction The improvement of soccer sports skills depends on many training efforts and is closely related to intrinsic scientific methods. Attention to the integral quality of the lower limb muscles and the performance of specific exercises of technical movements is essential to reach the optimal state of physical performance in players. Objective Analyze the kinematic effect of lower limb movement techniques in soccer training. Methods 10 athletes were marked with reflective spheres and submitted to the kinematic training method of the lower limbs designed by the coaches in 60 minutes, three times a week, for six weeks. Before and after the experiment, data captured by reflective spheres were captured, compared, classified, and analyzed. Results Kinematic training can effectively optimize movement time, swing amplitude, swing angle, and other aspects of lower limb mechanical structure, thus improving energy expenditure and making the movement concise, conveying strength and precision. Conclusion Trainers should seriously study the principles of applied kinematic analysis and optimize the training program from a scientific point of view because the athletic level of athletes is significantly improved with this real-time feedback. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução O aprimoramento das habilidades esportivas do futebol depende de muitos esforços de treinamento e está intimamente relacionado com métodos científicos intrínsecos. Atenção na qualidade integral dos músculos dos membros inferiores e a realização de exercícios específicos de movimentos técnicos é essencial para atingir o estado ótimo da performance física nos jogadores. Objetivo Analisar o efeito cinemático das técnicas de movimento dos membros inferiores no treinamento de futebol. Métodos 10 atletas foram marcados com esferas reflexivas e submetidos ao método de treinamento cinemático dos membros inferiores desenhado pelos treinadores num período de 60 minutos, três vezes por semana, durante 6 semanas. Antes e depois do experimento, os dados capturados por esferas reflexivas foram capturados, comparados, classificados e analisados. Resultados O treinamento cinemático pode otimizar efetivamente o tempo de movimento, amplitude de balanço, ângulo de balanço e outros aspectos da estrutura mecânica dos membros inferiores, melhorando assim o dispêndio energético e tornando o movimento conciso, transmitindo força e precisão. Conclusão Os treinadores devem estudar seriamente os princípios da análise cinemática aplicada, otimizar o programa de treinamento do ponto de vista científico, pois o nível esportivo dos atletas é melhorado significativamente com a adição desse feedback em tempo real. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos desfechos do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La mejora de las capacidades deportivas en el fútbol depende de muchos esfuerzos de entrenamiento y está estrechamente relacionada con métodos científicos intrínsecos. La atención sobre la calidad integral de los músculos de los miembros inferiores y la realización de ejercicios específicos de movimientos técnicos es esencial para alcanzar el estado óptimo del rendimiento físico en los jugadores. Objetivo Analizar el efecto cinemático de las técnicas de movimiento del miembro inferior en el entrenamiento de fútbol. Métodos 10 atletas fueron marcados con esferas reflectantes y sometidos al método de entrenamiento cinemático de los miembros inferiores diseñado por los entrenadores en un período de 60 minutos, tres veces por semana, durante 6 semanas. Antes y después del experimento, se capturaron, compararon, clasificaron y analizaron los datos captados por las esferas reflectantes. Resultados El entrenamiento cinemático puede optimizar eficazmente el tiempo de movimiento, la amplitud del balanceo, el ángulo de balanceo y otros aspectos de la estructura mecánica de las extremidades inferiores, mejorando así el gasto de energía y haciendo que el movimiento sea conciso, transmitiendo fuerza y precisión. Conclusión Los entrenadores deberían estudiar seriamente los principios del análisis cinemático aplicado, optimizar el programa de entrenamiento desde un punto de vista científico, ya que el nivel atlético de los deportistas mejora significativamente con la incorporación de esta información en tiempo real. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapêuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 662-664, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376736

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction The strengthening of the CORE is one of the essential methods for physical conditioning on elite soccer players, but there are no analyses on the impact of this method on young players. Objective Analyze the strength training impact on the CORE in high school soccer players. Methods This article uses mathematical statistics to study the application of strengthening of the CORE in soccer training for athletes. Based on these results, the role and influence of CORE strengthening training on skills in collegiate soccer training are analyzed. Results After implementing CORE strengthening, both athletes' fitness indicators and soccer skills were significantly improved. Conclusion Strengthening the CORE can improve players' stability and balance and contribute to greater effectiveness in physical training. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução O fortalecimento do core é um dos principais métodos para condicionamento físico em jogadores de futebol de elite, porém não há analises sobre o impacto desse método em jovens jogadores. Objetivo Analisar Impacto do fortalecimento do core no treino de futebol em colegiais. Métodos Nesse artigo são utilizadas estatísticas matemáticas para estudar a aplicação do fortalecimento do core no futebol para atletas. Com base nesses resultados, analisa-se o papel e a influência do treino de fortalecimento do core sobre as habilidades no treino do futebol colegial. Resultados Após a implementação do fortalecimento do core, tanto os indicadores de aptidão física dos atletas quanto as habilidades no futebol foram significativamente melhorados. Conclusão O fortalecimento do core pode melhorar a estabilidade e o equilíbrio dos jogadores além de contribuir para a uma maior efetividade no treinamento físico. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El fortalecimiento del core es uno de los principales métodos de acondicionamiento físico en los futbolistas de élite, pero no existen análisis sobre el impacto de este método en los jugadores jóvenes. Objetivo Analizar el impacto del fortalecimiento del core en el entrenamiento de fútbol en jugadores de secundaria. Métodos En este artículo se utiliza la estadística matemática para estudiar la aplicación del fortalecimiento del core en el fútbol para los atletas. A partir de estos resultados, se analiza el papel y la influencia del entrenamiento de fortalecimiento del core en las habilidades en el entrenamiento del fútbol universitario. Resultados Tras la aplicación del fortalecimiento del core, los indicadores de aptitud física y las habilidades futbolísticas de ambos atletas mejoraron significativamente. Conclusión El fortalecimiento del core puede mejorar la estabilidad y el equilibrio de los jugadores, además de contribuir a una mayor eficacia en el entrenamiento físico. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

4.
Oncol Lett ; 24(4): 341, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072002

RESUMO

Meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial tumors and frequently present with a gradual onset of neurological deficits; conversely, their acute presentation with hemorrhagic onset appears to be a rare event. Nonetheless, as early surgical evacuation is the foundation of treatment, a timely diagnosis of this rare type of intracranial hemorrhage is necessary. The purpose of the present single-center study was to investigate the radiological characteristics and propose a new bleeding classification for guiding the diagnosis and treatment. A total of 19 patients consecutively diagnosed with hemorrhagic meningioma were enrolled in this retrospective study. Intracranial extra-axial mass, tumor-associated hemorrhage and peritumoral brain edema were the three main radiological features of the hemorrhagic meningiomas. The site of tumor-associated hemorrhage included the peritumoral space, subarachnoid space, subdural space, brain parenchyma and/or intratumor region. Based on the anatomical relationship between meningioma and hematoma, the spontaneous hemorrhage stemming from meningiomas was further summarized into three bleeding patterns involving purely intratumoral hemorrhage (type I), purely extratumoral hemorrhage (type II) and combined intra/extratumoral hemorrhage (type III); furthermore, the type III hemorrhage usually came from type I bleeding that extended into the surrounding regions. The symptoms in type I patients were generally mild and early surgery was performed following adequate preoperative evaluations. The symptoms in type II patients were mild in certain cases and moderate to severe in others, so early or emergency surgery was chosen according to the clinical status of the patient. Almost all type III patients had moderate to severe symptoms and these patients usually required emergency surgery. In addition, patients with different bleeding types may have different pathological mechanisms underlying the tumor bleeding. Apart from being convenient for diagnosis, this concise and practical bleeding classification may aid in the selection of the treatment strategy and facilitate the understanding of the associated mechanisms.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4190-4201, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046910

RESUMO

The chemical components in rats after oral administration of the water extract of Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. Fubaiju(CMF) were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique. Forty-four compounds were identified from the water extract of CMF and 11 components were identified from the rat serum. A total of 264 potential anti-inflammatory targets were identified by network pharmacology based on serum components. The "component-target" network and protein-protein interaction(PPI) network were constructed, and GO function enrichment and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were performed. The molecular docking was carried out to validate the results of network pharmacology. The results showed that CMF might act on AKT1, TNF, TP53, IL6, INS, and other core targets through apigenin, luteolin, acacetin, diosmetin, 3,4-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, and other active components, and exert anti-inflammatory effects by regulating PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, and other pathways. The pharmacodynamic materials basis of CMF was identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technology, and the core anti-inflammatory targets and the underlying mechanism of action were analyzed by network pharmacology and molecular docking, which provided a reference for comprehensively clarifying the pharmacodynamic materials basis and quality control of CMF.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Água
6.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 947, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050751

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the diagnostic value of integrated positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) for the staging of endometrial carcinoma and to investigate the associations between quantitative parameters derived from PET/MRI and clinicopathological characteristics of endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: Altogether, 57 patients with endometrial carcinoma who underwent PET/MRI and PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) preoperatively were included. Diagnostic performance of PET/MRI and PET/CT for staging was compared by three readers. Associations between PET/MRI quantitative parameters of primary tumor lesions and clinicopathological characteristics of endometrial carcinoma were analyzed. Histopathological results were used as the standard. RESULTS: The overall accuracy of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging for PET/MRI and PET/CT was 86.0% and 77.2%, respectively. PET/MRI had higher accuracy in diagnosing myometrial invasion and cervical invasion and an equivalent accuracy in diagnosing pelvic lymph node metastasis against PET/CT, although without significance. All PET/MRI quantitative parameters were significantly different between stage I and stage III tumors. Only SUVmax/ADCmin were significantly different between stage I and II tumors. No parameters were significantly different between stage II and III tumors. The SUVmax/ADCmin in the receiving operating characteristic (ROC) curve had a higher area under the ROC curve for differentiating stage I tumors and other stages of endometrial carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: PET/MRI had a higher accuracy for the staging of endometrial carcinoma, mainly for FIGO stage I tumors compared to PET/CT. PET/MRI quantitative parameters, especially SUVmax/ADCmin, were associated with tumor stage and other clinicopathological characteristics. Hence, PET/MRI may be a valuable imaging diagnostic tool for preoperative staging of endometrial carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
7.
Front Nutr ; 9: 970206, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051904

RESUMO

Nano-selenium has a greater potential than inorganic selenium in preventing selenium-deficiency diseases due to its higher safety. In this study, spherical nano-selenium particles (53.8 nm) were prepared using sodium selenite, ascorbic acid and chitosan. Selenium-enriched soy sauces were prepared by soaking soybean in nano-selenium and sodium selenite solutions (2-10 mg/L), respectively. Total selenium and organic selenium contents of soy sauces prepared by nano-selenium and sodium selenite were increased by 32-191-fold and 29-173-fold compared to the control (without selenium), and organic selenium accounted for over 90% of total selenium. Soy sauce prepared using 6 mg/L nano-selenium had the strongest antioxidant activities, which were 9.25-28.02% higher than the control. Nano-selenium (6 mg/L) markedly enhanced the koji's enzyme activities (9.76-33.59%), then the latter promoted the release of total phenolics (27.54%), total flavonoids (27.27%) and the formation of free amino acids (16.19%), Maillard reaction products (24.50%), finally the antioxidant activities of selenium-enriched soy sauce were enhanced.

8.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056146

RESUMO

As a major component of the viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex in influenza A virus (IAV), nucleoprotein (NP) interacts with isoforms of importin α family members, leading to the import of itself  and vRNP complex into the nucleus, a process pivotal in the replication cycle of IAV. In this study, we found that BinCARD1, an isoform of Bcl10-interacting protein with CARD (BinCARD), was leveraged by IAV for efficient viral replication. BinCARD1 promoted the nuclear import of the vRNP complex and newly synthesized NP and thus enhanced vRNP complex activity. Moreover, we found that BinCARD1 interacted with NP to promote NP binding to importin α7, an adaptor in the host nuclear import pathway. However, we also found that BinCARD1 promoted RIG-I-mediated innate immune signaling by mediating Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of TRAF3, and that TBK1 appeared to degrade BinCARD1. We showed that BinCARD1 was polyubiquitinated at residue K103 through a Lys63 linkage, which was recognized by the TBK1-p62 axis for autophagic degradation. Overall, our data demonstrate that IAV leverages BinCARD1 as an important host factor that promotes viral replication, and two mechanisms in the host defense system are triggered-innate immune signaling and autophagic degradation-to mitigate the promoting effect of BinCARD1 on the life cycle of IAV.

9.
J Med Chem ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053318

RESUMO

The development of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly associated with G-quadruplex (G4); thus, targeting G4 is a potential strategy for TNBC therapy. Because concomitant histone deacetylases (HDAC) inhibition could amplify the impact of G4-targeting compounds, we designed and synthesized two novel series of G4/HDAC dual-targeting compounds by connecting the zinc-binding pharmacophore of HDAC inhibitors to the G4-targeting isaindigotone scaffold (1). Among the new compounds, a6 with the potent HDAC inhibitory and G4 stabilizing activity could induce more DNA G4 formation than SAHA and 1 in TNBC cells. Remarkably, a6 caused more G4-related DNA damage and G4-related differentially expressed genes, consistent with its effect on disrupting the cell cycle, invasion, and glycolysis. Furthermore, a6 significantly suppresses the proliferation of various TNBC cells and the MDA-MB-231 xenograft model without evident toxicity. Our study suggests a novel strategy for TNBC therapeutics through dual-targeting HDAC and G4.

10.
Bioinformatics ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094347

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: A common experimental output in biomedical science is a list of genes implicated in a given biological process or disease. The gene lists resulting from a group of studies answering the same, or similar, questions can be combined by ranking aggregation methods to find a consensus or a more reliable answer. Evaluating a ranking aggregation method on a specific type of data before using it is required to support the reliability since the property of a dataset can influence the performance of an algorithm. Such evaluation on gene lists is usually based on a simulated database because of the lack of a known truth for real data. However, simulated datasets tend to be too small compared to experimental data and neglect key features, including heterogeneity of quality, relevance and the inclusion of unranked lists. RESULTS: In this study, a group of existing methods and their variations which are suitable for meta-analysis of gene lists are compared using simulated and real data. Simulated data was used to explore the performance of the aggregation methods as a function of emulating the common scenarios of real genomic data, with various heterogeneity of quality, noise level, and a mix of unranked and ranked data using 20000 possible entities. In addition to the evaluation with simulated data, a comparison using real genomic data on the SARS-CoV-2 virus, cancer (NSCLC), and bacteria (macrophage apoptosis) was performed. We summarise the results of our evaluation in a simple flowchart to select a ranking aggregation method, and in an automated implementation using the meta-analysis by information content (MAIC) algorithm to infer heterogeneity of data quality across input data sets. AVAILABILITY: The code for simulated data generation and running edited version of algorithms: https://github.com/baillielab/comparison_of_RA_methods.Code to perform an optimal selection of methods based on the results of this review, using the MAIC algorithm to infer the characteristics of an input dataset, can be downloaded here: https://github.com/baillielab/maic. An online service for running MAIC: https://baillielab.net/maic. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary file 1 is available at Bioinformatics online. Supporting data 1-7 (supporting results and collected real genomic data) are available on GitHub at: https://github.com/baillielab/comparison_of_RA_methods.

11.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24633, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kinesin family member 18B (KIF18B) has been regarded as an oncogene that is abnormally overexpressed in some cancers, but its mechanism in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear, which is thereby investigated in this study. METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis was performed to analyze the expression of KIF18B in esophageal carcinoma (ESCA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect KIF18B expression in ESCC cells. After KIF18B overexpression or cell division cycle associated 8 (CDCA8) deficiency, ESCC cells were subjected to determination of qRT-PCR, Western blot, cell counting kit-8 assay, flow cytometry, wound healing, and Transwell assay. The mechanism of KIF18B in the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: KIF18B was overexpressed in ESCA samples and ESCC cells. Upregulation of KIF18B enhanced the viability, accelerated cell cycle by elevating CDK4 and Cyclin D3 levels as well as promoted the migration and invasion by decreasing E-cadherin level and increasing Vimentin and N-cadherin levels in ESCC cells, which was counteracted by CDCA8 silencing. The expression of CDCA8 in ESCC cells was upregulated by KIF18B overexpression. KIF18B overexpression activated the mTORC1 pathway by upregulating phosphorylated (p)-/p70S6K and p-/mTOR levels in the ESCC cells, which was reversed by CDCA8 silencing. CONCLUSION: KIF18B overexpression promotes the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ESCC cells via CDCA8-mediated mTORC1 signaling pathway in vitro.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087239

RESUMO

As a clean energy source, nuclear energy can gradually replace traditional fossil energy sources, and is an important means to achieve the "double carbon goal". Uranium-containing wastewater is inevitable in the development of nuclear energy. The composites MIL/CNx of MOF material MIL-100(Fe) and carbon nitride (CN) were obtained by a simple solvo-thermal method using iron nitrate, homophthalic acid and CN. The material MIL-100(Fe) with high specific surface area was compounded with CN to increase the in-plane adsorption sites, which could adsorb 30% of uranium in solution during the dark reaction. The close interfacial contact of the two materials effectively inhibited the complexation of photo-generated electrons and holes and promotes electron migration. These two synergistic effects improved their overall photocatalytic reduction capacity, which could reduce 97% of UO22+ in solution in 20 min. The UO22+ removal efficiency of MIL/CN0.1 was 2.3 and 1.6 times higher than that of CN and MIL-100(Fe), respectively. In addition, MIL/CN0.1 was stable in reducing uranium during the five cycles of the experiment.

13.
Foods ; 11(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076780

RESUMO

Strawberry juice, which is rich in nutrients and charming flavor, is favored by consumers. To explore whether multi-mode thermosonication (MTS) can ensure the quality stability of strawberry clear juice (SCJ) during storage, the effects of microbial inhibition, enzyme activity, and physicochemical properties of SCJ pretreated by MTS were evaluated during storage at 4, 25, and 37 °C in comparison with thermal pretreatment (TP) at 90 °C for 1 min. The MTS, including dual-frequency energy-gathered ultrasound pretreatment (DEUP) and flat sweep-frequency dispersive ultrasound pretreatment (FSDUP), were conducted at 60 °C for 5 and 15 min, respectively. Results showed that the total phenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, and DPPH free radical scavenging ability of SCJ decreased during the storage period. The control sample of SCJ was able to sage for only 7 days at 4 °C based on the microbiological quality, while the FSDUP and DEUP group extended the storage period up to 21 and 14 days, respectively. The polyphenol oxidase in SCJ pretreated by MTS did not reactivate during the storage period. The MTS remarkably (p < 0.05) reduced the color deterioration, browning degree, and nutrient degradation during the storage period. Moreover, the FSDUP group exhibited the maximum shelf life with a minimum loss of quality, demonstrating that it was the most suitable processing method for obtaining high-quality SCJ. It can be concluded that the MTS has the potential to inhibit enzymatic browning, inactivating microorganisms, preserve original quality attributes, and prolong the shelf life of SCJ.

14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 1213278, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119926

RESUMO

Objective: This research aims to investigate and analyze the impact of alendronate sodium (ALN) plus elcatonin (EC) in treating postoperative bone pain (BP) in patients with osteoporotic fractures (OPFs). Methods: One hundred and thirty-eight cases of OPFs admitted between July 2018 and July 2021 were selected, of which 68 cases receiving ALN were set as the control group and 70 cases receiving ALN plus EC were set as the research group. Intercomparisons were performed in terms of BP, curative effect, complication rate, and serum bone metabolism indexes such as bone Gla protein (BGP), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP). Results: Better postoperative BP relief, higher overall response rate, and lower complication rate were identified in the research group versus the control group. On the other hand, the research group presented with increased BGP and BALP after treatment, higher than those in the control group, while the posttreament PTH decreased obviously and was lower versus the control group. Conclusions: For OPF patients, ALN plus EC contributes to significantly reduced postoperative BP, improved clinical efficacy, higher treatment safety, and better bone metabolism, which has high clinical application value.


Assuntos
Alendronato , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Fosfatase Alcalina , Calcitonina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Osteocalcina , Fraturas por Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônio Paratireóideo
15.
Energy Econ ; : 106318, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124284

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic caused severe economic contraction and paralyzed industrial activity. Despite a growing body of literature on the impacts of COVID-19 mitigation measures, scant evidence currently exists on the impacts of lockdowns on the economic and industrial activities of developing countries. Our study provides an empirical assessment of lockdown measures using 298,354 data points on daily electricity consumption in 396 sub-industries. To infer causal relationships, we employ difference-in-differences models that compare cities with and without lockdown policies and provide quantitative evidence on whether the long-term gain of lockdowns outweighs the short-term loss. The results show that lockdown policies led to a significant short-term drop in electricity consumption of 15.2% relative to the control group. However, the electricity loss under the no-lockdown scenario is 2.6 times larger than that under the strict lockdown scenario within 4 months of the outbreak. Discrepancies in the impacts among industries are identified, and even within the same industry, lockdowns have heterogeneous effects. The impact of lockdowns on small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries is seriously underestimated, raising concerns about the distributional impact of subsidy measures. This study serves as a crucial reference for the government when facing public health emergencies and shocks to support better policies.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080589

RESUMO

High-strength glass fibre-reinforced composites (H-GFRPs) are widely used in various engineering fields because of their excellent mechanical properties and designability. The mechanical properties of H-GFRPs are more sensitive to temperature and humidity. Under high temperature and humidity conditions, the properties decrease greatly and the dispersion increases. Tensile, compressive, and in-plane shear tests were carried out on five batches of H-GFRPs under five different conditions, and the strength and stiffness properties under different test conditions were obtained. In this paper, the strength and stiffness properties of H-GFRPs under room temperature and hygrothermal conditions are statistically analysed based on macroscopic test data and the meso-bridging model. The results showed that under hygrothermal conditions, the dispersion of performance tended to decrease. The distribution types of other parameters are consistent with those under room temperature conditions, except for the transverse tensile modulus E22,t and longitudinal compressive strength Xc, which tend to follow a normal distribution. Among the four stiffness performance parameters, the correlation between v12 and the other three stiffness parameters was weak, whereas that between the other three stiffness parameters was strong.

17.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080711

RESUMO

In this work, a kind of aryl phosphate salt nucleating agent (APAl-12C) was synthesized, which was replaced in the hydroxyl group on the aluminum hydroxy bis [2,2'-methylene-bis(4,6-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate] (APAl-OH) by lauroyloxy, which could improve the dispersion between the nucleating agent and the iPP matrix and reduce the migration potential of the nucleating agent in the iPP matrix by increasing the molecular weight. The structure of the nucleating agent APAl-12C was analyzed by fourier infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR ) and 1H NMR. The differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) results indicated that the addition of APAl-OH or APAl-12C alone was inferior to the commercial nucleating agent NA-21 (compounds of APAl-OH and Lithium laurate) in terms of the crystallization behavior, which may be due to the importance of metal Li in the crystallization property. Thus, the iPP/A12C-Li composites were prepared with APAl-12C, lithium laurate (lilaurate) and the iPP matrix. The crystallization behavior, morphology, optical and mechanical properties for the iPP/A12C-Li composites were systematically studied and compared with that of the iPP/NA-21 composite. Among the iPP/A12C-Li composites with the addition of 0.5 wt%, APAl-12C/Lilaurate had the fastest crystallization rate and reduced the haze value of the neat iPP from 36.03% to 9.89% without changing the clarity, which was better than that of the iPP/NA-21 composite. This was due to the weakening of the polarity of the APAl-12C after lauroyloxy substitution and better dispersion in the iPP matrix, resulting in a significant improvement in the optical properties.

18.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080763

RESUMO

A novel dual green and red-emitting photoluminescent polymer composite ZnAl2O4:Mn-bonded GO/polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was synthesized in a single-step reaction by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP). The polymer chain was surface-initiated from the ZnAl2O4:Mn/GO, and the final products have a homogenous photoluminescent property from ZnAl2O4:Mn and better mechanical properties strengthened by graphene oxide (GO). The morphologies of ZnAl2O4:Mn/GO and the polymer composites were verified by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) revealed the two valence states of Mn (Mn2+, Mn4+) existing in the ZnAl2O4 host lattice, while Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra proved the transference of the active group, C-Br, from the initiator to the monomer during the polymerization. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) shows the narrow dispersity of polymer composites fabricated through SI-ATRP. The SEM and FTIR results show the successful 'graft' of the polymer chains from the surface of ZnAl2O4:Mn/GO. The dual green and red-emitting polymer composites were synthesized, confirmed by the photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) results.

19.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 7021770, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089975

RESUMO

In order to improve the spatial layout ability of ecological buildings under the background of rural revitalization, a multiobjective planning and decision-making model for the spatial layout of ecological buildings is constructed. Based on the visual impact detection of ecological building space, a three-dimensional rendering model is established. The block matrix matching and boundary contour parameter analysis methods are used to plan and design the layout boundary feature points, and the wavelet scale decomposition method is used to analyze the mixed tone of the layout image. Based on this, a multiobjective planning decision-making model for the spatial layout of ecological buildings is established, based on which the spatial layout design scheme of ecological buildings is output to realize the spatial layout planning of ecological buildings. The simulation results show that the spatial layout of ecological buildings using this method is more reasonable, and the expression ability of ecological aesthetics is stronger, which has a good application value in rural planning and design.

20.
Anal Cell Pathol (Amst) ; 2022: 9303081, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090016

RESUMO

Background: GPNMB is a newly discovered tumour-promoting factor that may promote tumour cell progression by activating the PI3K/AKT pathway by EGFR. However, there are insufficient studies about GPNMB in ESCC. This study investigated the relationship between GPNMB and EGFR/PI3K pathway genes in ESCC. Methods: The expression levels of GPNMB, EGFR, p-PI3K, and Ki-67 were examined using immunohistochemistry. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS 22.0 and R. Results: GPNMB mRNA expression is higher in ESCC compared with paracancerous tissues. The expression of EGFR, PIK3CA, PIK3CB, and AKT1 was increased in GPNMB upregulated samples. GPNMB expression was positively correlated with EGFR, p-PI3K, and Ki-67 expression. GPNMB was expressed higher in the AJCC III stage, lymph node metastasis, and moderately poorly differentiated patients. EGFR was higher expressed in patients with vascular invasion; p-PI3K expression in Kazak was higher than that in Han; Ki-67 expression was higher in tumour size ≥ 3 cm. Patients with high expression of GPNMB, p-PI3K, and Ki-67 had worse OS. p-PI3K, Ki-67, nerve invasion, and lymphatic metastasis were independent risk factors, and postoperative adjuvant therapy was a protective factor in ESCC. Conclusion: As a tumour-promoting factor, GPNMB is expected to be a potential target for ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Metástase Linfática , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Prognóstico
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