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1.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(1): 82-85, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979775

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors and preventive strategies of pancreatitis after percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in patients with pancreatic cancer and obstructive jaundice. Methods: A total of 241 patients were retrospectively analyzed from May 2001 to October 2014 in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital. The possibly correlated 9 factors were analyzed, including gender, age, hemoglobin level, total bilirubin level, degree of pancreatic duct dilatation, degree of pancreatic atrophy, degree of biliary stenosis, the pancreatic duct visualization, and drainage mode. Results: Univariate analysis suggested that pancreatic duct dilatation, pancreatic atrophy, visualized pancreatic duct and drainage mode were associated with the incidence of pancreatitis after PTBD (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that visualization of pancreatic duct (OR=6.33) was a risk factor for pancreatitis, while pancreatic duct dilatation (OR=0.14), pancreatic atrophy (OR=0.12) and external drainage (OR=0.11) were protective factors for pancreatitis. Conclusion: In pateints with pancreatic cancer and obstructive jaundice, pancreatic duct dilatation and pancreatic atrophy predict low risk of pancreatitis after PTBD,while intraoperative pancreatic duct visualization and internal or external drainage may increase the incidence of postoperative pancreatitis.


Assuntos
Icterícia Obstrutiva , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Pancreatite , Drenagem , Humanos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/etiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 26: 1446-1465, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938600

RESUMO

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is considered to be a crucial gene in the animal development of bone and body size. In this study, a unique synonymous mutation (c.258 A > G) of the IGF-1 gene was modified with an adenine base editor to observe the growth and developmental situation of mutant mice. Significant expression differences and molecular mechanisms among vectors with different alanine synonymous codons were explored. Although modification of a single synonymous codon rarely interferes with animal phenotypes, we observed that the expression and secretion of IGF-1 were different between 8-week-old homozygous (Ho) and wild-type (WT) mice. In addition, the IGF-1 with optimal codon combinations showed a higher expression content than other codon combination modes at both transcription and translation levels and performed proliferation promotion. The gene stability and translation initiation efficiency also changed significantly. Our findings illustrated that the synonymous mutation altered the IGF-1 gene expression in individual mice and suggested that the synonymous mutation affected the IGF-1 expression and biological function through the transcription and translation processes.

3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 800-806, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788918

RESUMO

Objective: Factors influencing the prognosis of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in adults were analyzed based on multicentric data. Methods: Clinical data of 124 adult patients with HLH diagnosed in eight medical centers in the Huaihai Lymphoma Working Group from March 2014 to July 2020 were collected. The optimal truncation value of continuous variables was obtained based on the Maxstat algorithm, X-Tile software, and restricted cubic spline. Cox proportional risk regression model was used to construct the adult HLH risk prediction model, and the visualization of the model was realized through the histogram. The bootstrap resampling method was used to verify the model, C-index and calibration curve was used to verify the histogram, and the prediction accuracy was checked. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to calculate the survival rate and draw the survival curve. Furthermore, the differences between groups were tested by log-rank. Results: The median age of the 124 patients was 55 (18-84) years, including 61 (49.19%) males. The most common etiology was infection. Serum ferritin increased in 110 cases (88.71%) , hepatosplenomegaly in 57 cases (45.97%) . Of the 124 patients, 77 (62.10%) died, and the median survival time of the patients was 7.07 months. Univariate results showed that the prognosis of adult HLH was influenced by sex, age, fibrinogen, serum creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, and albumin (P<0.05) . The results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, platelet, albumin, alanine aminotransferase, and treatment regimens were independent influencing factors for prognosis. Based on the above five risk factors, the prediction model of the histogram was established, and the C-index of the model was 0.739. Finally, the calibration chart showed good consistency between the observed and predicted values of HLH. Conclusion: The prognosis of the adult hemophagocytic syndrome is influenced by many factors. Gender, platelet, albumin, alanine aminotransferase, and treatment regimens are independent risk factors. Therefore, the established histogram provides a visual tool for clinicians to evaluate the prognosis of adult HLH.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Linfoma , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1628-1634, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814594

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a multilocus sequence typing (MLST) assay for Corynebacterium (C.) striatum, explore the population structure and evolution relationship of clinical isolates of C. striatum. Methods: Seven housekeeping genes (gyrA, gyrB, hsp65, sodA, secA1, rpoB, 16S rRNA) were amplified with PCR by using self-designed specific primers and sequenced. Then, the sequences were assembled with software SeqMan. The gene diversity and gene recombination characteristics were evaluated by using software DnaSP 5.10.01 and Splits tree 4.14.2. The phylogenetic tree and the minimum spanning tree were constructed based on the sequence types (ST) characteristics by using software MEGA 7.0.14 and BioNumerics, respectively. In addition, the genetic evolutionary relationship among STs were analyzed by using software eBURST 3.0. Results: The expected amplification products of seven sites selected in all the test strains were obtained. Splits tree showed that the clustering of all C. striatum strains was consistent, suggesting that gene recombination is the potential driving force for the evolution of C. striatum. All of the 344 C.striatum strains were divided into 72 STs by MLST and 85.7% of the strains formed clonal complexes. CC19 was the predominant clonal complex, whereas ST16 in the clonal complex was detected in the most strains. ST had a certain geographic clustering and a certain correlation with the isolation time. Conclusions: C. striatum showed high genetic diversity in China and CC19 was the predominant clonal complex. The MLST assay established in this study can be used for the typing of C. striatum, but further improvement is needed.


Assuntos
Corynebacterium , Variação Genética , Humanos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(12): 1065-1073, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839591

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the status of height and weight of 3-18-year-old children and adolescents in urban China, and to provide a basis for establishing puberty phase specific curves for age-specific height and age-specific weight. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 218 185 children and adolescents aged 3-18 years in urban China was conducted by using the method of stratified random cluster sampling from January 2017 to December 2019. The sampling areas included 12 provinces municipalities in China and autonomous regions in total. Data were collected on weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference and secondary sexual characteristics. The generalized additive model for location, scale, and shape (GAMLSS) was employed to establish percentile reference values and growth curves of height and weight for boys and girls aged 3-18 years. Wilcoxon rank sum test was applied to compare the P50 value of height and weight between children of each Tanner stage and children of the same age ignoring the different puberty phase. Results: The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentile curves for height and weight for age were developed for boys and girls aged 3-18 years. The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentile curves for age-specific height and age-specific weight for each puberty phase were developed for boys and girls. Compared with all children ignoring the different puberty phase, boys aged 9 and over and girls aged 7 and over who are at Tanner stage 1 showed shorter height and lighter weight than those of the same age group (all P<0.01), the difference ranges of height at P50 are -4.0 to -0.6 cm for boys, and -4.4 to 0.5 cm for girls; the difference ranges of weight are -4.8 to 0.4 kg for boys, and -4.0 to -0.3 kg for girls; children at Tanner stage 2 & 3 initially were taller and heavier than those of the same age group; and later grew shorter and lighter than those of the same age group, the two sets of curves cross over; boys aged 16 and under and girl aged under 14 who are at Tanner stage 4 were taller and heavier than those of the same age group (all P<0.01), the difference ranges of height at P50 are 0.2 to 10.0 cm for boys, and 0.2 to 9.4 cm for girls; the difference ranges of weight at P50 are 0.7 to 10.9 kg for boys, and 1.0 to 11.2 kg for girls, and the differences showed narrowing trend with age. Conclusion: The puberty phase specific growth curves of age-specific height and age-specific weight for boys and girls aged 3-18 years are established, it is useful for clinical work to evaluate physical development of children at different puberty phases.

6.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(10): 103304, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717424

RESUMO

Neutron-gamma discrimination (NGD) for gadolinium-containing scintillators is a challenging issue which prevents them from being used in highly efficient neutron detectors with high signal-to-noise ratios. Pulse-shape based digital-signal processing has been selected to tackle this issue, with an emphasis on the dimensionality reduction of the raw data and capability to mitigate the influence of noise, unwanted variations, and outliers on the accuracy of classification. We present two graph-embedded non-negative matrix factorization digital classifiers in which an event graph (or a network) is introduced to find a low-dimensional structure hidden in the high-dimensional experimental data. Utilizing energy-independent normalized features of waveforms and a graph composed of mixed-source reference events, the smooth or sparse low-dimensional representation of detector signals from a Ce:Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator leads to a high thermal neutron detection efficiency (77%-80%) and a high NGD ratio (neutron-gamma efficiency ratio, ∼109) simultaneously. Moreover, excellent discrimination between neutron and ambient background events has been achieved. The proposed graph-embedded algorithms may be applied not only for thermal-neutron position-sensitive detectors and single-channel detectors but also for other radiation detectors that need excellent particle (or crystal) discrimination capabilities and high detection efficiencies in many applications, including medical imaging, nondestructive testing, and security scans.

7.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 935-941, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711028

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the trends of overweight and obesity prevalence in Chinese children, aged from 6 to 15 years old among 4 provinces and cities from 2009 to 2019. Methods: Reviewed the national multi-center epidemiological survey data of children from the National Key Technology R&D Program of China during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan (2009 to 2010) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China during the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan (2017 to 2019). The participants' data were selected from four provinces,municipalities and autonomous region,including Beijing, Tianjin (Northern region), Zhejiang (Eastern region), and Guangxi (Southern region). Totally 14 597 pairs of 6-15 year-old children were surveyed. According to the body mass index (BMI) and standard deviation score (SDS) of children among different genders, ages, and regions, t test or chi-square test was used to evaluate the changes in overweight and obesity over a 10-year span. Results: Totally 7 721 pairs of boys and 6 876 pairs of girls were collectted in this study, whose mean age was (10.7±2.5) years. In the past 10 years, the overall BMISDS were 0.39±1.24 and 0.36±1.31 and the overall obesity rate were 11.8% (n=1 773) anel 12.5% (n=1 813) of children in the 4 administrative regions did not have statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). However, the overall overweight rate rose from 17.1% (n=2 496) to 19.1% (n=2 781) (χ²=18.657, P<0.01), and the average annual growth rate was 0.20%. The BMISDS in the Eastern region increased from 0.10±1.07 to 0.19±1.22 (t=-4.095, P<0.01), and the overweight rate and obesity rate increased by 3.8% (n=202) and 3.1% (n=169) respectively (both P<0.01); the BMISDS in the Northern region and the obesity rate did not have statistically significant differences(all P>0.05), but the overweight rate rose from 20.5% (n=1 233) to 22.8% (n=1 365) significantly (χ²=7.431, P<0.01); BMISDS in the Southern region was significantly decreased from 0.30±1.19 to 0.09±1.25 (t=1.426, P<0.01), and the rate of obesity decreased from 9.8% (n=315) to7.9% (n=256) (χ²=6.46, P<0.05), the overweight rate was not stafistically significant (P=0.10), respectively. The obesity rate of boys had risen from 16.4% (n=1 265) to 18.2% (1 407) (χ²=8.997, P<0.01) in the past 10 years, and the overweight rate had risen from 18.0% (n=1 393) to 20.5% (n=1 579) (χ²=14.26, P<0.01). The overweight+obesity rate rose from 34.4% (n=2 658) to 38.7% (n=2 986) (χ²=29.859, P<0.01), and the weight problem in the age group of 8 to 11 years was particularly severe (all P<0.01). The obesity rate of girls dropped from 6.8% (n=468) to 5.9% (n=406) (χ²=4.546, P<0.05), the overweight rate rose from 16.0% (n=1 103) to 17.5% (n=1 202) (χ²=5.006, P<0.05), and the overall overweight+obesity rate rose from 22.8% (n=1 571) to 23.4% (n=1 608) (χ²=0.53, P>0.05). Conclusions: The growth rate of obesity among children in China had slowed down from 2009 to 2019, but the overweight rate was still on the rise. The overall base of overweight and obesity population continued to expand. The weight problem of peri-adolescent boys was particularly prominent. The current status of obesity epidemics in different regions, ages, and genders are significantly different and had their own characteristics. It is necessary to establish a personalized prevention and control strategy.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 167-170, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645174

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic shows the defects of current public health law system and the necessity of the amendment to Law on Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases. The institutional design of the prevention and control of emerging communicable disease shall be modified and Principle of Preventive Legislation shall be determined. Following the multicultural coordination in the pandemic prevention and control, the responsibilities of the central and local government shall be clarified and the functions of the experts and the public need to work fully and effectively. Current pandemic information release system shall be reformed to solve the conflict of laws and the information direct system shall be optimized. Principle of proportionality shall be obeyed to protect the appropriateness, necessity and balance of the pandemic prevention and control measures.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Animal ; 15(10): 100365, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543994

RESUMO

Shifting ruminal fermentation via feeding a blend of oregano (Organum vulgare L.) essential oils and Co-lactate (EOC; Rum-A-Fresh, Ralco, Inc. Marshall, MN) could improve lamb growth and carcass performance. Eighteen Suffolk × Little Han Tail F1 male lambs (20.3 ± 0.23 kg BW and approximately 3 months old) were randomly assigned using a completely random design to one of three treatments. Treatments were (1) EOC0: basal ration without EOC, (2) EOC4: basal ration plus 4 g/d EOC, and (3) EOC7: basal ration plus 7 g/d EOC. Initial and 24 d BW was similar (P > 0.10), but at 48 and 72 d, lambs fed EOC7 demonstrated greater (P = 0.01) BW compared with EOC0 fed lambs, while lambs fed EOC4 were intermediate and similar (P > 0.05). Average daily gains (ADGs) for 0-24 and 0-72 d were greater (P < 0.05) for lambs fed EOC4 and EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0, while DM intake was similar (P > 0.10). Feed conversions for 0-24 d were improved (P < 0.02) for lambs fed EOC4 and EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0. However, 0-72-d feed conversions were greater (P < 0.01) for lambs fed EOC7 compared to lambs fed EOC0, with lambs fed EOC4 being intermediate and similar (P > 0.05). DM, NDF, and ADF digestibilities were similar (P > 0.10) among treatments, while CP digestibility was greater (P < 0.01) for lambs fed EOC4 and EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0. Carcass weight and dressing percentages were improved (P < 0.01) for lambs fed EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0 and EOC4. Head width was greater (P > 0.01) for lambs fed EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0 and EOC4, while rump width was greater (P > 0.01) for lambs fed EOC4 and EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0. Plasma triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations were lower (P < 0.05) for lambs fed EOC4 and EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0, while albumin, total serum protein, and glucose concentrations were greater (P < 0.05) for lambs fed EOC4 and EOC7 compared with lambs fed EOC0. Feeding an EOC blend as an alternative antibiotic growth promoter at 4 and 7 g/d linearly improved lamb growth performance, feed conversions, frame growth, carcass weights, dressing percentages, and immunity.


Assuntos
Origanum , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Cobalto , Dieta/veterinária , Digestão , Nutrientes , Ovinos
11.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(8): 802-808, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404190

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the independent risk factors of cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS1) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to build a predictive equation for the development of CRS1 in these patients. Method: Consecutive inpatients with AMI, who hospitalized from January 2017 to December 2018 in the Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, were enrolled in this case-control study. Patients were divided into CRS1 group and non-CRS1 group according to the presence or absence of CRS1.The clinical data were collected through the electronic medical record system of Hunan Provincial People's Hospital. The matching process was conducted with a minimum-distance scoring method and a 1∶1 match between the CRS1 group and the no-CRS1 group, the propensity score was calculated through the logistic regression model. Factors with statistically significant differences in univariate analysis were included in the multivariate logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of AMI patients with CRS1, then the independent risk factors were used to establish a predicting equation for CRS1 by logistic regression function for model building. Area under the curve (AUC) value and the best cut-off value of the combined predictors was determined according to the ROC curve. Python 3.8 software was used to perform 10-fold cross-validation on modeling samples. Results: A total of 942 patients were included, there were 113 cases in CRS1 group and 829 cases in non-CRS1 group. Ultimately, 99 CRS1 patients were successfully matched to 99 non-CRS1 patient using 1∶1 matching. After propensity score matching, the baseline age and sex along with heart rate, mean arterial pressure, percentage of people with a history of diabetes, hypertension, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia time, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blockers use, and ß receptor blocker use were similar between the two groups(all P>0.05). The contrast agent dosage was also similar between the two groups (P=0.266). The peak cardiac troponin I (cTnI), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP), white blood cell count, base estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albumin and hemoglobin levels were statistically significant between the two groups (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that decreased baseline eGFR, increased NT-proBNP, peak cTnI concentrations and white blood cell count were independent risk factors of CRS1 in AMI patients (all P<0.01).The predicting equation of the combined predictor was established by transforming the logistic model equation, L=0.031×cTnI+0.000 2×NT-proBNP-0.024×eGFR+0.254×white blood cell count, where L represented the combined predictor. ROC curve analysis indicated that the AUC of the peak cTnI, NT-proBNP, baseline eGFR, white blood cell count, and combined predictor were 0.76, 0.85, 0.79, 0.81, and 0.92 respectively (all P<0.05), and the cutoff value of combined predictor was 2.6. The AUC of ROC curve after the model's ten-fold cross validation was 0.89. Conclusions: Decreased baseline eGFR, increased NT-proBNP, peak cTnI concentrations and white blood cell count are the independent risk factors for CRS1 in AMI patients. The combined predictor equation based on the above 4 biomarkers presents a good predictive value for CRS1 in AMI patients.

12.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(7): 666-667, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304407

RESUMO

According to a document issued by the General Office of National Health Commission, "one person, one diagnosis, and one room" is required in the process of outpatient consultation. However, the patient will need to go to another room for dressing change after the doctor checks the wound if sticking to the conventional layout of current wound repair specialist outpatient clinic in hospitals and following the regulation of "separation of diagnosis and treatment". To allow a patient walking back and forth with the exposed wounds to different clinics or going to another clinic for dressing change with the original dressing reapplied to the wound is against the regulation of nosocomial infection control and the principle of sterility. To ensure that the layout of the outpatient clinic in the wound repair outpatient department not only conforms to the principle of "one person, one diagnosis, and one room", but also meets the characteristics of the diagnosis and treatment process of chronic wounds, this paper proposes the layout of "large space and small partition" in the wound repair clinic.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Bandagens , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(9): 3460-3469, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002819

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the correlation between N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and the progression and prognosis of CRC. Through in vitro and in vivo experiments, the biological functions of NAT2 in the occurrence and development of CRC were explored. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot were used to detect the difference of NAT2 expression in CRC tissues and normal tissues. The role of NAT2 in the cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and tumorigenesis and development of CRC was analyzed by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, flow cytometry, transwell cell invasion, wound-healing assays and construction of nude mouse xenograft model. The correlation between the expression level of NAT2, and the overall survival and clinicopathological characteristics of CRC patients were statistically analyzed to preliminarily determine the clinical significance of NAT2 in the diagnosis and prognosis of CRC. RESULTS: The expression level of NAT2 was notably upregulated in CRC. NAT2 knockdown inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion and in vivo tumor formation of CRC cells, and promoted cell apoptosis. High NAT2 expression was associated with TNM stage, differentiation degree, tumor size, distant metastasis, lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis in CRC patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the expression level of NAT2 in CRC tissues was increased and closely related to the metastasis and prognosis of CRC. In addition, NAT2 can be used as a new prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC.

15.
Cancer Radiother ; 25(4): 323-329, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446419

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the valuable predictors of grade≥2 radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patient treated with radiotherapy after pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); and to construct a nomogram predicting the incidence of grade≥2 RP in such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 82 patients with NSCLC received radiotherapy after pneumonectomy from 2008 to 2018. The endpoint was grade≥2 RP. Univariate and multivariate regression analysis were conducted to evaluate significant factors of grade≥2 RP. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to establish optimal cutoff values and the nomogram was built to make the predictive model visualized. Descriptive analysis was performed on 5 patients with grade 3 RP. RESULTS: A total of 22(26.8%) patients developed grade 2 RP and 5(6.1%) patients were grade 3 RP. V5, V10, V20, V30, MLD, PTV, and PTV/TLV were associated with the occurrence of grade≥2 RP in univariate analysis, while none of the clinical factors was significant; V5(OR,1.213;95%CI,1.099-1.339; P<0.001) and V20(OR,1.435;95%CI,1.166-1.765; P=0.001) were the independent significant predictors by multivariate analysis and were included in the nomogram. The ROC analysis for the cutoff values for predicting grade≥2 RP were V5>23% (AUC=0.819, sensitivity:0.701, specificity:0.832) and V20>8% (AUC=0.812, sensitivity:0.683, specificity:0.811). Additionally, grade≥3 RP did not occur when V5<30%, V20<13% and MLD<751.2cGy, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that V5 and V20 were independent predictors for grade≥2 RP in NSCLC patients receiving radiotherapy after pneumonectomy. Grade 3 RP did not occur whenV5<30%, V20<13% and MLD<751.2cGy, respectively. In addition, patient underwent right pneumonectomy may have a lower tolerance to radiation compared to left pneumonectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Pneumonite por Radiação/etiologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Pneumonectomia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Curva ROC , Pneumonite por Radiação/epidemiologia , Pneumonite por Radiação/patologia , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Carga Tumoral
16.
Int Endod J ; 54(6): 916-925, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377178

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the presence and function of NLRP6-caspase 4 inflammasome in human pulp tissue and human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). METHODOLOGY: Pulp tissue was collected from freshly extracted human caries-free third molars and third molars with irreversible pulpitis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot were performed to assess the expression of NLRP6-caspase 4 inflammasome. HDPCs were prepared from normal human pulp tissues and challenged with Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and qRT-PCR were performed to assess if LPS can upregulate NLRP6 and caspase-4. HDPCs were further challenged with LPS followed with cytosolic Streptococcus mutans lipoteichoic acid (LTA). SiRNA targeting NLRP6 and Casp4 and pharmacology inhibitor Ac-FLTD-CMK and MCC950 were used to assess if Streptococcus mutans LTA can activate the NLRP6 but not the NLRP3 inflammasome. Western blot and ELISA were performed to evaluate inflammasome activation. The Student's t-test and one-way anova were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: NLRP6-caspase 4 inflammasome was upregulated and activated in inflamed human dental pulp tissue. In HDPCs, Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS upregulated the expression of NLRP6, CASP1 and CASP4 in a type I interferon dependent manner. After LPS priming, cytosolic Streptococcus mutans LTA triggered NLRP6-caspase 4 inflammasome activation. Knockdown of NLRP6 or CASP4 using siRNA or using pharmacology inhibitor Ac-FLTD-CMK but not MCC950 efficiently suppressed inflammasome activation by cytosolic LTA. CONCLUSIONS: NLRP6-caspase 4 inflammasome may play an important role in pulp inflammation and immune defence. Inflammatory caspases represent a pharmacological target to restrain pulpal inflammation.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Caspases , Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Inflamação , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Ácidos Teicoicos
17.
Anim Genet ; 52(1): 78-89, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301219

RESUMO

DNA methylation was one of the earliest discovered epigenetic modifications in vertebrates, and is an important epigenetic mechanism involved in the expression of genes in many biological processes, including muscle growth and development. Its effects on economically important traits are evidenced in reported differences in meat quality traits between Chinese indigenous pig breeds (Wannanhua pig) and Western commercial pig breeds (Yorkshire pig), and this presents a unique model for analyzing the effects of DNA methylation on these traits. In the present study, a whole genome DNA methylation analysis was performed on the two breeds using methylated DNA immunoprecipitation. GO functional enrichment and pathway enrichment analyses identified differentially methylated genes primarily associated with fatty acid metabolism, biological processes of muscle development and signaling pathways related to muscle development and pork quality. Differentially methylated genes were verified by sodium pyrosequencing, and the results were consistent with the sequencing results. The results of the integrative analysis between DNA methylation and gene expression revealed that the DNA methylation levels showed a significantly negative correlation with gene expression levels around the transcription start site of genes. In total, 41 genes were both differentially expressed and methylated; these genes were related to fat metabolism, lipid metabolism and skeletal muscle development. This study could help further explore the molecular mechanisms and phenotypic differences in pig growth and development among different breeds.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Suínos/genética , Animais , Cruzamento , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Carne de Porco , Transdução de Sinais , Transcriptoma
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(9): 1017-1025, 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907295

RESUMO

Human vaccine is the most effective tool to prevent infectious diseases. At present, there are dozens of vaccines that can prevent dozens of infectious diseases. Vaccines for human use include vaccines that do not contain living micro-organisms (inactivated vaccines, toxoid vaccines, component vaccines), and vaccines that contain living micro-organisms (live attenuated vaccines and vector vaccines). The research and development of human vaccine includes clinical trial, process development and test method research, and the production process of human vaccine is very important for the preparation of high-quality and reliable vaccine. In this paper, the development of human vaccines, the production process and the characteristics of various human vaccines are reviewed.


Assuntos
Vacinação , Humanos , Vacinas Atenuadas , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados
19.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(7): 603-607, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791797

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the clinical phenotype and spectrum of ATP7B gene mutation in children with Wilson's disease (WD). Methods: A total of 55 cases diagnosed with WD at the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from June 2012 to June 2018 were taken as the research subject. ATP7B gene point mutation was detected by direct sequencing after PCR amplification. Heterozygous mutation in children was discovered by sequencing. Furthermore, the long segment mutation of exon was analyzed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Results: All 55 WD children had varying degree of liver damage symptoms. Among them, 2 cases had combined neurological symptoms. The positive rates of K-F ring (21%), 24-hour urine copper (97.7%), and ceruloplasmin were all abnormal. The results of ATP7B gene had identified 8 homozygous, 41 compound heterozygous and 6 heterozygous in 55 cases. Direct sequencing method had detected ten cases of ATP7B heterozygotes. In addition, MLPA analysis showed that other allele in four cases had a deletion of the ATP7B gene exon. In all cases, 35 different ATP7B gene mutations were detected, including 23 missense mutations, 3 frameshift mutations, 4 nonsense mutations, 3 exon deletions and 2 splicing changes. The most common allele mutation was c.2333G > T/p.R778L in exon 8, with an allele frequency of 36.54%, followed by c.2975C > T/p.P992L in exon 13, with an allele frequency of 14.42%. Conclusion: ATP7B gene c.2333G > T/p.R778L and c.2975C > T/p.P992L mutations are the most common mutations in children with WD in China. WD patients report shows that there are three long deletion mutations in the exon of the ATP7B gene. For WD children whose DNA sequencing is heterozygous ATP7B gene, it is suggested to further use MLPA method to detect deletion mutations of exons.


Assuntos
ATPases Transportadoras de Cobre/genética , Degeneração Hepatolenticular , Criança , China , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Genótipo , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(29): 2293-2296, 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746601

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of percutaneous extensor tendon reconstruction in treating spastic hammery deformity. Methods: From February 2009 to July 2018, the clinicaldata of 36 patients with fresh sputum hammer fingers treated in Jinan People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The tendon was percutaneously sutured with PDS Ⅱmonofilament suture and the distal end of the tendon was fixed to the base of the distal phalanx through the bone hole. Removal of the K-wire 6 weeks after the operation, the brace was used to fix the affected finger in the dorsal extension. For 8-10 weeks, only the brace was worn at night and the flexion and extension of the affected finger was gradually strengthened.The extension and flexion function of the interphalangeal joint of the finger was compared pre and post the operation with t test. Results: A total of 36 patients were enrolled but only 33 patientswere followed up for 6 to 15 months. The hammer-shaped deformity was corrected and there was no pain when moving fingers after the operation.The straightening angle of the interphalangeal joint of the finger improved from 46.2°±6.3° before surgery to 7.5°±0.6° after (t=35.12, P<0.05). The passive straightening angle decreased from 3.2°±0.3° before surgery to 0.9°±0.2° after (t=37.11, P<0.05). According to the Crawford functional assessment: excellent in 19 fingers, good in 10 fingers, can be in 4 fingers. The excellent rate was 87.9%. There was no knot exposure, skin necrosis and other complications. Conclusions: Percutaneous resection of the extensor tendon is fixed in the basal phalanx. It is a simple and feasible minimally invasive surgery for hammer-shaped deformity. It can obviously correct the hammer-shaped deformity and has fewer complications.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Dedos , Deformidades Adquiridas da Mão , Humanos , Espasticidade Muscular , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tendões , Resultado do Tratamento
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