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1.
Anesthesiology ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022771

RESUMO

WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: The Perioperative Ischemic Evaluation-2 study (POISE-2) authors previously reported that neither aspirin nor clonidine reduced a 30-day composite of nonfatal myocardial infarction or death. Aspirin caused perioperative bleeding, and clonidine provoked hypotension and bradycardia.In a subgroup analysis of patients who had previous percutaneous coronary interventions, those given aspirin had fewer infarctions or deaths. WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: This article reports 1-yr outcomes of the POISE-2 study. Consistent with the 30-day analysis, neither aspirin nor clonidine reduced a 1-yr composite of nonfatal myocardial infarction or death.In a subgroup analysis of patients who had prior percutaneous coronary interventions, those given aspirin had significantly fewer nonfatal myocardial infarctions and/or deaths. BACKGROUND: The authors previously reported that perioperative aspirin and/or clonidine does not prevent a composite of death or myocardial infarction 30 days after noncardiac surgery. Moreover, aspirin increased the risk of major bleeding and clonidine caused hypotension and bradycardia. Whether these complications produce harm at 1 yr remains unknown. METHODS: The authors randomized 10,010 patients with or at risk of atherosclerosis and scheduled for noncardiac surgery in a 1:1:1:1 ratio to clonidine/aspirin, clonidine/aspirin placebo, clonidine placebo/aspirin, or clonidine placebo/aspirin placebo. Patients started taking aspirin or placebo just before surgery; those not previously taking aspirin continued daily for 30 days, and those taking aspirin previously continued for 7 days. Patients were also randomly assigned to receive clonidine or placebo just before surgery, with the study drug continued for 72 h. RESULTS: Neither aspirin nor clonidine had a significant effect on the primary 1-yr outcome, a composite of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction, with a 1-yr hazard ratio for aspirin of 1.00 (95% CI, 0.89 to 1.12; P = 0.948; 586 patients [11.8%] vs. 589 patients [11.8%]) and a hazard ratio for clonidine of 1.07 (95% CI, 0.96 to 1.20; P = 0.218; 608 patients [12.1%] vs. 567 patients [11.3%]), with effect on death or nonfatal infarction. Reduction in death and nonfatal myocardial infarction from aspirin in patients who previously had percutaneous coronary intervention at 30 days persisted at 1 yr. Specifically, the hazard ratio was 0.58 (95% CI, 0.35 to 0.95) in those with previous percutaneous coronary intervention and 1.03 (95% CI, 0.91to 1.16) in those without (interaction P = 0.033). There was no significant effect of either drug on death, cardiovascular complications, cancer, or chronic incisional pain at 1 yr (all P > 0.1). CONCLUSIONS: Neither perioperative aspirin nor clonidine have significant long-term effects after noncardiac surgery. Perioperative aspirin in patients with previous percutaneous coronary intervention showed persistent benefit at 1 yr, a plausible sub-group effect.

2.
J Proteomics ; 216: 103680, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028038

RESUMO

Snake venoms contain complex mixtures of proteins vital for the survival of venomous snakes. Aligned with their diverse pharmacological activities, the protein compositions of snake venoms are highly variable, and efforts to characterise the primary structures of such proteins are ongoing. Additionally, a significant knowledge gap exists in terms of the higher-order protein structures which modulate venom potency, posing a challenge for successful therapeutic applications. Here we use a multifaceted mass spectrometry approach to characterise proteins from venoms of Collett's snake Pseudechis colletti and the puff adder Bitis arietans. Following chromatographic fractionation and bottom-up proteomics analysis, native mass spectrometry identified, among other components, a non-covalent l-amino acid oxidase dimer in the P. colletti venom and a C-type lectin tetramer in the B. arietans venom. Furthermore, a covalently-linked phospholipase A2 (PLA2) dimer was identified in P. colletti venom, from which the PLA2 species were shown to adopt compact geometries using ion mobility measurements. Interestingly, we show that the dimeric PLA2 possesses greater bioactivity than the monomeric PLA2s. This work contributes to ongoing efforts cataloguing components of snake venoms, and notably, emphasises the importance of understanding higher-order venom protein interactions and the utility of a combined mass spectrometric approach for this task. SIGNIFICANCE: The protein constituents of snake venoms represent a sophisticated cocktail of biologically active molecules ideally suited for further exploration in drug design and development. Despite ongoing efforts to characterise the diverse protein components of such venoms there is still much work required in this area, particularly in moving from simply describing the protein primary sequence to providing an understanding of quaternary structure. The combined proteomic and native mass spectrometry workflow utilised here gives new insights into higher order protein structures in selected snake venoms, and can underpin further investigation into the protein interactions which govern snake venom specificity and potency.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062891

RESUMO

Objective: To detect the prevalence of sleep disorders among metro staff and to analyze influencing effects of effort reward imbalance (ERI) on it. Methods: In January 2015, subway driver, dispatcher and station operator from Guangzhou subway were selected as the research object in the whole group sampling method. A total of 1200 questionnaires were distributed and 1124 were valid questionnaires, and the effective questionnaire recovery rate was 93.7%. Based on the effort reward imbalance questionnaire and the self-administered sleep questionnaire, the data of the general demographic characteristics, life satisfaction, occupational stress and sleep status of the respondents were collected. Epi.data3.1 and spss19.0 were used for analyzing. Results: A total of 1124 subway employees were surveyed, with an average age of (28±5) years; the working age was (4.5±3.6) years. ERI occupied 24.7% (278/1124) of the study population and sleep disorders as 42.2% (474/1124) . Single factor analysis showed that marital status, educational level, work position, life satisfaction and ERI could significantly influence sleep disorders of metro staff (P<0.05) . Logistic regression showed that higher effort (adjusted OR=2.56, 95%CI: 1.79-3.68) , lower reward (adjusted OR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.34-2.68) and ERI (adjusted OR=2.33, 95%CI: 1.69-3.22) could increase the risk of sleep disorders after the confounding factors were controlled. ERI (adjusted OR=2.89, 95% CI: 1.80-4.64) , and over commitment (adjusted OR=4.64, 95%CI: 2.81-7.68) could influence the risk of sleep disorders independently when over commitment was evaluated as a moderating variable. Conclusion: Occupational stress as ERI could influence the risk of sleep disorders among metro staff. The situation should not be neglected for occupational health of metro staff.

5.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(2): 188-193, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of the FRAIL-NH and four frailty screening instruments among institutionalized older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Institutionalized setting, Jinan, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 305 older adults (mean age 79.3 ± 8.4 years, 57.0% female) were enrolled from nursing homes. MEASUREMENTS: Frailty was assessed by the FRAIL-NH, Physical Frailty Phenotype (PFP), FRAIL, Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI), and Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI), respectively. The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) was used as a reference standard of frailty. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to examine the DTA of five frailty screening instruments against the CGA. The optimal cut-point was determined by the maximum value of the Youden index (YI, calculated as sensitivity + specificity - 1). RESULTS: The prevalence of frailty ranged from 25.9% (FRAIL) to 56.4% (GFI). Areas under the curve (AUCs) against the CGA ranged from 0.80 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.74 - 0.85: FRAIL] to 0.83 (95% CI 0.78 - 0.88: PFP). At their original cut-points, all five frailty screening instruments presented low sensitivity (32.9% - 69.3%) and high specificity (80.0% - 93.8%), as well as high positive predictive values (90.7% - 94.9%) and low negative predictive values (33.2% - 48.1%). At their optimal cut-points, the sensitivity and specificity of the FRAIL-NH, PFP, and FRAIL tended to be balanced, and their correctly classified rates (76.1% - 81.3%) and kappa values (0.465 - 0.523) increased a lot. ROC contrasts showed that all five frailty screening instruments had similarly good diagnostic accuracy (χ2: 0.0003 - 1.38, P > .05). CONCLUSION: In the institutionalized setting, the specific FRAIL-NH, self-report FRAIL, TFI, and GFI as well as hybrid PFP, show similarly good diagnostic properties in identifying frailty against the CGA.

6.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(3): e013816, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973598

RESUMO

Background Pediatric heart transplant recipients have high-risk cardiovascular profiles that can affect their long-term outcomes; however, promoting exercise and healthy diet has not been a major focus in the field. The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and impact of a supervised exercise and diet intervention delivered via live videoconferencing in this population. Methods and Results Patients 8 to 19 years of age at least 1 year post heart transplantation were enrolled. The 12- to 16-week intervention phase included live video-supervised exercise (×3/week) and nutrition (×1/week) sessions. The 12- to 16-week maintenance phase included ×1/week live video-supervised exercise and nutrition sessions and ×2/week self-directed exercise sessions. Cardiac, vascular, nutritional, and functional health indices were obtained at baseline, after intervention, and after maintenance. Fourteen patients (median age, 15.2; interquartile range, 14.3-16.7 years) at a median of 3.3 (interquartile range, 1.5-9.7) years after heart transplant completed the intervention. Patients attended 89.6±11% of exercise and 88.4±10% of nutrition sessions during the intervention and 93.4±11% of exercise and 92.3±11% of nutrition sessions during maintenance. After intervention, body mass index percentile (median, -27%; P=0.02), endothelial function (median, +0.29; P=0.04), maximum oxygen consumption (median, +2 mL/kg per minute; P=0.002). Functional Movement Screening total score (median, +2.5; P=0.002) and daily consumption of saturated fat (median, -6 g; P=0.02) improved significantly. After maintenance, improvements in maximum oxygen consumption (median, +3.2 mL/kg per minute; P=0.02) and Functional Movement Screening total score (median, +5; P=0.002) were sustained. Conclusions In pediatric heart transplant recipients, a live video-supervised exercise and diet intervention is feasible. Our results demonstrate excellent adherence with significant improvements in cardiovascular and functional health. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02519946.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 190: 110128, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891838

RESUMO

Over the last few decades, the threat posed to biodiversity and ecosystem function by atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition has been increasingly recognized. The disturbed nutrient balance and species composition of plants induced by higher N deposition can impact the biodiversity of the organisms that consume the plants. In this research, we implemented several experiments to estimate the effects of increased N deposition on the growth, survival, and nutrients of the dominant epiphytic lichens in the subtropical mountains in Central China to assess the lichen food amount and nutritional quality for two endangered primates endemic to China. Our results indicated that the thallus growth and propagule survival of the lichens were significantly decreased when nitrogen addition changed from 6.25 to 50.0 kg N·ha-1·y-1; it was also shown that lichen biomass could be decreased by 11.2%-70.2% when the deposition addition exceeded 6.25 kg N·ha-1·y-1. Further, our study revealed that increased nitrogen deposition also reduced the nutritional quality of the lichens via reducing the soluble protein and soluble sugar levels and increasing the fiber content, which would substantially affect the diet selection of the plants consumers in the region, particularly the populations of the two lichen-eating endangered primate species, Rhinopithecus roxellana and R. bieti. Our experimental study suggested that the nitrogen pollution derived from anthropogenic activities could cause cascading effects for the whole forest ecosystem of Central China; thus, more studies about nitrogen deposition in this region are required.

8.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(1): 57-61, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914536

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression and clinicopathological significance of high mobility group box protein B1 (HMGB1) protein in breast cancer. Methods: The expression of HMGB1 protein in 26 normal breast tissues and 417 invasive breast cancer tissues diagnosed at Dongyang People's Hospital, Zhejiang Province from 2016 to 2018 were detected by immunohistochemical EnVision method. The relationship between nuclear and cytoplasmic HMGB1 protein expression and clinicopathologic features of breast cancer patients were analyzed. Results: The nuclear and cytoplasmic expression of HMGB1 protein was 80.8% (337/417) and 16.8% (70/417) respectively in breast cancer, and was 46.2%(12/26) and 0(0/26) respectively in normal breast tissue. Both nuclear and cytoplasmic expression of HMGB1 protein in breast cancer were significantly higher than normal breast tissue (P<0.001, P=0.046, respectively). The nuclear expression of HMGB1 protein was also higher in high grade, estrogen receptor (ER) negative, progesterone receptor (PR) negative (P=0.006, P=0.004, P<0.001, respectively); whereas the cytoplasmic expression of HMGB1 protein was also higher in high grade, estrogen receptor (ER) negative, progesterone receptor (PR) negative (P<0.001 in all) breast cancers. Multivariate logistic regression model showed that nuclear HMGB1 expression correlated with histologic grade (OR=2.188, 95%CI=1.078-4.443, P=0.030), while cytoplasmic HMGB1 expression correlated with histologic grade (OR=3.031, 95%CI=1.600-5.742, P=0.001), ER (OR=0.129, 95%CI=0.034-0.494, P=0.003) and TNM staging (OR=3.820, 95%CI=1.042-14.001, P=0.043). Multivariate analysis of Cox proportional hazard model showed that nuclear HMGB1 expression was an independent risk factor for the overall survival of breast cancer patients (HR=0.366, 95%CI=0.138-0.972, P=0.044). Conclusion: Nuclear and cytoplasmic HMGB1 proteins are related to multiple poor prognostic factors in breast cancer, and may be a potential biomarker for breast cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Prognóstico , Receptores Estrogênicos
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 99-103, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914576

RESUMO

To explore the epidemiological characteristics, trends and relevant factors of pre-hospital mortality due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2016 in Tianjin city, based on mortality surveillance information and household registration population information. Standardized mortality rates were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. From 1999 to 2016, the research result showed that the pre-hospital crude mortality rates of AMI were 39.47/100 000 to 90.64/100 000 and the standardized mortality rates were 30.92/100 000 to 53.90/100 000. The proportion of pre-hospital AMI deaths was 73.96%-81.92% (t=1.09, P>0.05) within the same period. Aged, female, rural residents, unmarried, divorced, widowed, low education level, and outdoor workers have a relative higher proportion of pre-hospital AMI mortality.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Fatores Socioeconômicos
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 235, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932585

RESUMO

Topological superconductors have attracted wide-spreading interests for the bright application perspectives to quantum computing. Cu0.3Bi2Se3 is a rare bulk topological superconductor with an odd-parity wave function, but the details of the vector order parameter d and its pinning mechanism are still unclear. Here, we succeed in growing CuxBi2Se3 single crystals with unprecedented high doping levels. For samples with x  = 0.28, 0.36 and 0.37 with similar carrier density as evidenced by the Knight shift, the in-plane upper critical field Hc2 shows a two-fold symmetry. However, the angle at which the Hc2 becomes minimal is different by 90° among them, which indicates that the d-vector direction is different for each crystal likely due to a different local environment. The carrier density for x  = 0.46 and 0.54 increases substantially compared to x ≤ 0.37. Surprisingly, the in-plane Hc2 anisotropy disappears, indicating that the gap symmetry undergoes a transition from nematic to isotropic (possibly chiral) as carrier increases.

11.
World J Urol ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965286

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Increasing evidence shows that many metabolic factors are involved in the progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We aimed to assess the relationship between the status of glucose homeostasis and prostate size in aging Chinese males undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for BPH. METHODS: A total of 1006 medical records of BPH patients undergoing TURP were reviewed. Prostate size was measured by transrectal ultrasound. Annual total prostate (TP) and transitional zone (TZ) growth rates were calculated. According to the American Diabetes Association criteria, the patients were categorized as normoglycemic, prediabetic, or diabetic. Levels of glucose homeostasis and other variables were considered independent variables in an effort to evaluate any potential correlations using non-adjusted and multivariate-adjusted regression models. RESULTS: A total of 659 individuals were included in the study. BPH patients < 70 years old and ≥ 70 years old in the normoglycemic group had a stable prostate growth rate. The change in prostate size in those younger than 70 years, however, was faster in the prediabetic and diabetic group. Further analysis revealed that abnormal glucose homeostasis was positively correlated with prostate size. In those younger than 70 years, compared with the normal glucose group, the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for TP and TZ enlargement in the prediabetic group was 2.27 (95%CI 1.29-4.00) and 3.19 (95%CI 1.78-5.72), respectively, and the adjusted ORs were 4.74 (95%CI 2.18-10.30) and 6.16 (95%CI 2.70-14.06), respectively, for men with diabetes. However there was no significant difference among men aged ≥ 70 years. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing TURP, the prostate volume and growth rate were affected by different status of glucose homeostasis. Hyperglycemia may play an important role in prostate growth.

12.
Rhinology ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and asthma have poorer outcomes after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and higher recurrence rate. The aim of present study was to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of extended surgical strategies for patients with recurrent CRSwNP and asthma. METHODS: Eighty-one patients with CRSwNP and asthma were enrolled in this 5-year prospective study. They were randomly assigned to undergo FESS, radical endoscopic sinus surgery (RESS), or RESS+Draf 3 surgery. Disease severity and clinical outcomes were evaluated using symptoms scoring, endoscopic scoring system, computed tomography staging system, sinus-specific quality of life scores, tissue and peripheral blood eosinophil percentage, and pulmonary function tests. Baseline, 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year follow-up data were compared among the groups. RESULTS: RESS and RESS+Draf 3 strategies yielded better short-term (1 year) outcomes than did FESS. FESS had a higher short-term recurrence rate, although recurrence rates were similarly high (95.6-96.1%) in all the groups at 5 years postoperatively. RESS and RESS+Draf 3 yielded a lower long-term revision surgery rate and a longer time to recurrence post-surgery than FESS, which was negatively correlated with tissue and peripheral blood eosinophil percentage. CONCLUSIONS: CRSwNP with asthma is a systemic disease that inevitably recurs. Radical surgery prolongs recurrence time and improves olfaction, rhinorrhea, and quality of life in the short-term. Combining Draf 3 with RESS did not yield better clinical outcomes than RESS alone; thus, although RESS alone appears to be the best option, these findings need to be confirmed in further studies involving more patients, longer follow-up duration and stricter standardized medication use especially the adequate steroid irrigations.

13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 141, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919351

RESUMO

The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) spacecraft encounter an electron diffusion region (EDR) of asymmetric magnetic reconnection at Earth's magnetopause. The EDR is characterized by agyrotropic electron velocity distributions on both sides of the neutral line. Various types of plasma waves are produced by the magnetic reconnection in and near the EDR. Here we report large-amplitude electron Bernstein waves (EBWs) at the electron-scale boundary of the Hall current reversal. The finite gyroradius effect of the outflow electrons generates the crescent-shaped agyrotropic electron distributions, which drive the EBWs. The EBWs propagate toward the central EDR. The amplitude of the EBWs is sufficiently large to thermalize and diffuse electrons around the EDR. The EBWs contribute to the cross-field diffusion of the electron-scale boundary of the Hall current reversal near the EDR.

14.
Rev Neurol (Paris) ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911002

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the correlation between blood glucose variability and the risk of death in patients with severe acute stroke. One hundred and fifty-eight patients diagnosed with severe acute stroke were divided into survival group and death group and were retrospectively analyzed. The baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, mean blood glucose, blood glucose standard deviation, mean amplitude of glycemic excursion, and mean variation coefficient of blood glucose were obtained and compared. Single-factor binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of death in patients with severe acute stroke. The baseline NIHSS score (P<0.001), APACHE II score (P<0.001), blood glucose standard deviation (P<0.001), mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (P<0.001) and mean coefficient of variation of blood glucose (P<0.001), between the survival group and the death group significant difference. The results showed that baseline NIHSS score (OR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.13, P=0.004), blood glucose standard deviation (OR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.28, P=0.028), mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (OR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.04 to 1.83, P=0.027), mean coefficient of variation of blood glucose (OR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.73 to 1.21, P=0.03), are related to the death within 3 months in patients with severe acute stroke. The blood glucose variability is an independent predictor of death in patients with severe acute stroke. Great range of glycemic excursion indicates poor disease outcome. In contrast, the mean blood glucose level does not have significant correlation with the outcomes of patients.

15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 9-12, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902162

RESUMO

For more than one hundred years, the surgery and non-surgery around acute necrosis pancreatitis, early and late stage-operative surgery have been strive explored, and every change in treatment concept, technological progress and breakthrough in efficacy have been gradually summarized and improved in practice.Clinical practice and basic research gradually clarified the understanding of the pathological physiological process of acute necrosis pancreatitis "two peaks of death", greatly improved the treatment of early organ failure, deepened the understanding of the diversity of pathological of local complications of acute necrosis pancreatitis, and changed the treatment mode of necrosis pancreatitis. A modern comprehensive treatment system has been gradually formed. That is, in the early stage of the disease, to prevent and control multi-organ failure as the main axis; In the later stage, to explore the best surgical intervention time as the main axis, the implementation of micro-invasive and open combination of intervention strategy, and strive to explore and improve the success rate of one-time surgery. At present, China's treatment level of acute necrosis pancreatitis in many large-capacity centers is in the forefront of the world. Through the Pancreatic Surgery Group of Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association's tour of the Guide and a large number of academic exchanges, the level of treatment of necrosis pancreatitis in China's primary hospitals is also constantly improving. Therefore, we have reasons to believe that the day when China's acute necrotizing pancreatitis diagnosis and treatment level can break further will not be far away.


Assuntos
Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/terapia , China , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/história
16.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-24, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992377

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of rumen-protected folic acid (RPFA) and betaine (BT) on growth performance, nutrient digestion and blood metabolites in bulls. Forty-eight Angus bulls were blocked by body weight and randomly assigned to four treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Betaine of 0 or 0.6 g/kg dry matter (DM) was supplemented to diet without or with addition of 6 mg/kg DM of folic acid from RPFA, respectively. Average daily gain increased by 25.2% and 6.29% for addition of BT without RPFA and with RPFA, respectively. Neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre digestibility and ruminal total volatile fatty acids increased, feed conversion ratio and blood folate decreased with addition of BT without RPFA but these parameters were unchanged with BT addition in diet with RPFA. Digestibility of DM, organic matter and crude protein as well as acetate to propionate ratio increased with RPFA or BT addition. Ruminal ammonia-N decreased with RPFA addition. Activity of carboxymethyl-cellulase, cellobiase, xylanase, pectinase and protease as well as population of total bacteria, protozoa, Fibrobacter succinogenes and Ruminobacter amylophilus increased with RPFA or BT addition. Laccase activity and total fungi, Ruminococcus (R.) flavefaciens and Prevotella ruminicola population increased with RPFA addition whereas R. albus population increased with BT addition. Blood glucose, total protein, albumin, growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 increased with RPFA addition. Addition of RPFA or BT decreased blood homocysteine. The results indicated that addition of BT stimulated growth and nutrient digestion in bulls only when RPFA was not supplemented.

17.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(1): 38-43, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958929

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of gastric neuroendocrine tumors (G-NEN). Methods: Clinical and pathological data of patients with G-NEN diagnosed by pathological examination in Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2000 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed in this case-control study. Patients with complicated visceral lesions, other visceral primary tumors, mental disorders and incomplete clinicopathological data were excluded. Finally, 240 hospitalized patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled. Physical examination information, tumor characteristics and pathological characteristics of patients were summarized. The Cox regression models were used to analyze the risk factors affecting G-NEN and the survival conditions were described by Kaplan-Meier survival curves and log-rank test. Results: In 240 patients with G-NEN, the mean age was (60.3±10.1) years; 181 were male (75.4%) and 59 females (24.6%); mean tumor diameter was (4.2±2.8) cm; 51 cases (21.2%) were neuroendocrine tumor (NET), 139 cases (57.9%) neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), 50 cases (20.8%) mixed neuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC); 28 cases (11.7%) were G1 low grades, 34 cases (14.2%) G2 medium grades, and 178 cases (74.2%) G3 high grades; tumor infiltration depth T1 to T4 were 44 cases (18.3%), 27 cases (11.2%), 60 cases (25.0%) and 109 cases (45.4%) respectively; 163 cases (67.9%) developed lymphatic metastasis and 46 patients (19.2%) distant metastasis; tumor stage from stage I to stage IV were 55 cases (22.9%), 42 cases (17.5%), 94 cases (39.2%) and 53 cases (22.1%) respectively. Of the 240 G-NEN patients, 223 cases (92.9%) were followed up. The median survival time of the patients was 39.2 (95% CI: 29.1 to 47.5) months. Univariate survival analysis showed that age ≥ 60 years, tumor diameter ≥ 4.2 cm, tumor grade G3, lymphatic metastasis, distant metastasis, and tumor stage III-IV were risk factors for G-NEN patients. Multivariate survival analysis revealed that lymphatic metastasis (HR=1.783, 95%CI: 1.007-3.155, P=0.047) and distant metastasis (HR=2.288, 95% CI: 1.307-4.008, P=0.004) were independent risk factors of the prognosis. Further analysis of the G3 subgroup of G-NEN showed that the 5-year survival rate of NET-G3 was 76.19%, which was significantly higher than that of NEC-G3 and MANEC-G3 (15.60% and 24.73%, P=0.012). Conclusions: Most G-NEN patients are in advanced stage at diagnosis. Lymphatic metastasis and distant metastasis indicate poor prognosis. The prognosis of high proliferation NET-G3 patients is better as compared to those of NEC-G3 and MANEC-G3. This classification is worth further attention.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/mortalidade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 65-68, 2020 01 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905483
20.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(1): 92-96, 2020 01 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914547

Assuntos
Citodiagnóstico , China
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