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1.
Front Immunol ; 13: 911260, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35967388

RESUMO

Medulloblastoma, a common pediatric malignant tumor, has been recognized to have four molecular subgroups [wingless (WNT), sonic hedgehog (SHH), group 3, group 4], which are defined by the characteristic gene transcriptomic and DNA methylomic profiles, and has distinct clinical features within each subgroup. The tumor immune microenvironment is integral in tumor initiation and progression and might be associated with therapeutic responses. However, to date, the immune infiltrative landscape of medulloblastoma has not yet been elucidated. Thus, we proposed MethylCIBERSORT to estimate the degree of immune cell infiltration and weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA) to find modules of highly correlated genes. Synthesizing the hub genes in the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and modules of the co-expression network, we identify three candidate biomarkers [GRB2-associated-binding protein 1 (GAB1), Abelson 1 (ABL1), and CXC motif chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4)] via the molecular profiles of medulloblastoma. Given this, we investigated the correlation between these three immune hub genes and immune checkpoint blockade response and the potential of drug prediction further. In addition, this study demonstrated a higher presence of endothelial cells and infiltrating immune cells in Group 3 tumor bulk. The above results will be conducive to better comprehending the immune-related pathogenesis and treatment of medulloblastoma.

2.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 921860, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937366

RESUMO

To determine the optimal row ratio configuration of waxy sorghum-soybean intercropping systems, a field experiment with seven treatments, including sole waxy sorghum (SW), sole soybean (SS), two rows of waxy sorghum alternated with one row of soybean (2W1S), two rows of waxy sorghum alternated with two rows of soybean (2W2S), three rows of waxy sorghum alternated with one row of soybean (3W1S), three rows of waxy sorghum alternated with two rows of soybean (3W2S), and three rows of waxy sorghum alternated with three rows of soybean (3W3S), was conducted during 2019 and 2020 in Guiyang, China. Accumulation and transportation of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in waxy sorghum were investigated. The results showed that the row ratio configurations had significant effects on the N, P, and K accumulation and transportation of waxy sorghum. On the one hand, compared to SW treatment, intercropping treatments showed higher N, P, and K contents and accumulation amounts, N, P, and K transportation amounts before anthesis, N, P, and K transportation rates before anthesis, and contribution rates of N, P, and K transportation before anthesis to the grain of each organ in waxy sorghum. Similarly, the waxy sorghum-soybean intercropping system increased the yield components (including spike length, grain number per spike, and 1,000-grain weight) of waxy sorghum. In addition, the yields of waxy sorghum and soybean among all treatments were in the sequence of SW (SS) > 2W1S > 3W1S > 3W2S > 3W3S > 2W2S. Besides, the 2W1S treatment showed the highest land equivalent ratio and economic benefit. On the whole, the waxy sorghum-soybean intercropping system can increase the N, P, and K absorption among organs and promote the N, P, and K transportation from vegetative organs to grain in waxy sorghum so as to promote the growth and development of spike in waxy sorghum to obtain higher land equivalent ratio and economic benefits. The 2W1S treatment was recommended as the optimal row ratio configuration of the waxy sorghum-soybean system to achieve the maximum utilization of nutrient resources.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 243: 113956, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964397

RESUMO

Bioreduction is an efficient approach to in-situ remediate Cr(VI)-contaminated soil, but further strengthening methods are still urgently needed. Herein, a novel immobilized biocomposite (B-HA-VE-SA) was successfully synthesized by embedding a efficient strain Bacillus sp. CRB-7 with humic acid (HA) combined vermiculite (VE) and sodium alginate (SA). The performance and enhancement mechanism of the immobilized biocomposite on remediating Cr(VI)-contaminated soil were also investigated by analyzing the whole-genome of CRB-7, Cr(VI) detoxification, soil microecological regulation, and subsequent crop growth response. Genomic annotation demonstrated that CRB-7 contains multiple genes contributed to Cr(VI) tolerance, Cr(VI) reduction and other metals resistance. Results showed that embedded CRB-7 biocomposites exhibited more effective reduction of Cr(VI) in soil compared with control and free CRB-7 treatment, especially B-HA-VE-SA achieved the highest Cr(VI) removal efficiency (96.18%) and the residual Cr proportion (49.04%) via multiple mechanisms including carrier effects, nutrient sustained-release, and electron-shuttle effect enhanced the bioremediation process. Furthermore, the synergies of CRB-7 and immobilizers (HA, VE and SA) significantly improved soil microecology (soil enzyme activities, microbial quantity and diversity), and engendered the evolution of microbial community composition and functional pathways. Consequently, pot experiments (Brassica napus L.) verified the plant-growth-promoting (12.00-18.00% and 43.82-69.00% higher in emergence rate and biomass) and Cr-accumulation-reducing effects (19.47-91.09% and 29.11-89.80% lower in root and aerial parts) of free and immobilized CRB-7. Taken together, these findings highlighted the superiority of B-HA-VE-SA in simultaneous remediation, microecological improvement and safe utilization of Cr(VI)-contaminated soil.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35965297

RESUMO

Concern over the influences of constant addition of emerging anthropogenic chemicals to the environment has become a public issue during the rapid urbanization. Here, we investigated the occurrence of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in soil and corresponding tree bark in a megacity, Western China. Our results showed levels of OPEs in tree bark (1250 ± 573 ng/g dry weight (dw)) were 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than those in soil (40.4 ± 30.8 ng/g dw). Rooster Mountain is a background mountain area, exhibiting significantly lower concentrations of OPEs in soil and tree bark than those in other sites with relatively high population density. This result highlights the effect of human activities on the distribution of OPEs in environmental matrices. Alkyl-OPEs were predominant compounds in soil, whereas halogenated- (Cl-) OPEs were characterized in tree bark. Furthermore, tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) positively correlated with tris(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCIPP) in soil (r2 = 0.43, P < 0.05) while negatively correlated with TCIPP in tree bark (r2 = 0.31, P < 0.05). The ratios of logarithm concentrations of OPEs in tree bark to those in soil correlated well with logKOA values of OPEs from 6 to 10, indicating the equilibrium status was achieved between OPE partitioning in soil and in tree bark. Nevertheless, tris (2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBEP) and tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (TEHP) with high values of logKOA deviated from this linear tendency, which was possibly due to the fact that they were subjected to the particle-bound deposition process, leading to partition into the soil.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 849: 157943, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35952877

RESUMO

Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is a typical persistent organic pollutant with a high load in the agricultural soils of vegetable crops. Currently, studies on the toxicity of DBP in vegetable crops are limited. Therefore, in this study, pakchoi (Brassica campestris L.), a typical vegetable crop, was used to evaluate the toxic effects of DBP. Pakchoi was exposed to DBP for 24 d at three doses (2, 20, and 200 mg/kg), and the phenotypic, biochemical, and molecular indicators were determined. The results revealed that DBP could reduce the emergence of pakchoi and inhibit plant height, root length, fresh weight, and leaf area. At the biochemical level, DBP exposure could reduce the content of three typical photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a and b and carotenoids). The effects of DBP exposure on the quality of pakchoi were primarily through reduced soluble sugar and increased proline contents. In addition, O2·- and H2O2 levels increased after DBP stress, and the corresponding antioxidant enzymes (SOD, POD, and CAT) were activated to resist oxidative damage. The dose- and time-dependent toxicities of DBP to pakchoi were demonstrated using an integrated biological response index. Finally, the molecular-level results on Day 24 showed that the three antioxidant enzyme genes (sod, pod, and cat) were significantly downregulated, and the antioxidant enzyme genes were more sensitive biomarkers than the enzyme activities. However, the expression level of enzyme genes was opposite to that of enzyme activity (SOD and POD); thus, DBP might directly interact with these enzymes. Molecular docking showed that DBP could stably bind near the SOD/POD active center through intermolecular interaction forces. This study provides essential information on the risk of DBP toxicity to vegetable crops.

6.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 905668, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928156

RESUMO

The gut microbiota of wild birds are affected by complex factors, and cross-species transmission may pose challenges for the host to maintain stable gut symbionts. Farmland habitats are environments strongly manipulated by humans, and the environmental characteristics within a large area are highly consistent. These features provide the ideal natural conditions for conducting cross-species comparative studies on gut microbiota among wild birds. This study aimed to investigate and compare the gut microbiota of three common farmland-dependent bird species, Great Bustard (Otis tarda dybowskii), Common Crane (Grus grus), and Common Coot (Fulica atra), in a homogeneous habitat during the wintering period. The results indicated that under the combined action of similar influencing factors, the gut microbiota of different host species did not undergo adaptive convergence, maintained relatively independent structures, and exhibited host-driven signals. In addition, we also detected various pathogenic genera that may cause outbreaks of periodic infections among sympatric migratory birds. We conclude that phylosymbiosis may occur between some wild birds and their gut microbiota. Usage of non-invasive methods to monitor the changes in the gut microbiota of wild bird fecal samples has important implications for the conservation of endangered species.

7.
Front Neurorobot ; 16: 928206, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928729

RESUMO

The AUV (Autonomous Underwater Vehicle) navigation process relies on the interaction of a variety of sensors. The side-scan sonar can collect underwater images and obtain semantic underwater environment information after processing, which will help improve the ability of AUV autonomous navigation. However, there is no practical method to utilize the semantic information of side scan sonar image. A new convolutional neural network model is proposed to solve this problem in this paper. The model is a standard codec structure, which extracts multi-channel features from the input image and then fuses them to reduce parameters and strengthen the weight of feature channels. Then, a larger convolution kernel is used to extract the features of large-scale sonar images more effectively. Finally, a parallel compensation link with a small-scale convolution kernel is added and spliced with features extracted from a large convolution kernel in the decoding part to obtain features of different scales. We use this model to conduct experiments on self-collected sonar data sets, which were uploaded on github. The experimental results show that ACC and MIoU reach 0.87 and 0.71, better than other classical small-order semantic segmentation networks. Furthermore, the 347.52 g FOLP and the number of parameters around 13 m also ensure the computing speed and portability of the network. The result can extract the semantic information of the side-scan sonar image and assist with AUV autonomous navigation and mapping.

8.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(15): 10963-10976, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35838378

RESUMO

Herein, we tailored a series of ultrathin MnO2 nanolayers coated on the surface of commercial goethite (α-FeOOH) by a facile in situ chemical precipitation method. α-FeOOH inhibited the MnO2 crystal growth via the incorporation of K+ ions between MnO2 and α-FeOOH interfaces during the synthesis process. The hybrid design of MnO2 with an ultrathin nanolayer structure could reduce the electron transfer resistance and bring abundant oxygen vacancies, accelerating the activation of molecular O2 to generate more oxygen-free radical species and favoring the thermodynamic HCHO oxidation. The ROS quenching in gas/aqueous systems and DRIFTS results demonstrated that •O2- was responsible for HCHO oxidization, which assisted the preliminary intermediate dioxymethylene dehydrogenation into formate species. The 25%MnO2@FeOOH(25wt% of MnO2) catalyst was subsequently loaded into the filter substrates of a commercial air cleaner and tested in an indoor room with actual application conditions. As a result, the composite filter could eliminate different initial concentrations of HCHO (150-450 ppb) to the WHO guideline value (≈81 ppb) within 60 min. Furthermore, the 25%MnO2@FeOOH sample was also effective against the representative bacteria and mold in indoor air. This study provides new insight into the role of the chemisorbed ROS for HCHO oxidation at ambient temperature.


Assuntos
Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , Formaldeído , Compostos de Manganês/química , Óxidos/química , Oxigênio/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Temperatura
9.
J Affect Disord ; 315: 7-12, 2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35901989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the context of rapid aging, "empty nest syndrome" is becoming a major public health concern. The causal effects of empty nest on depressive symptoms have been studied in developed countries, but the mediating mechanism of depressive symptoms in the association between empty nest and cognitive impairments has not been studied. This study estimated the causal association of empty nest with depressive symptoms and cognitive impairments in China, and then estimated how depression mediates the association between empty nest and cognitive impairments. METHODS: Using data of 23,614 urban older adults (65+) obtained from the Shandong Province Aging and Mental Health Survey in 2020, a weighted linear regression model combined with instrumental variable was applied to explore the causal effects of empty nest, and a four-step mediation model was run to test the mediator of depressive symptoms. The Ascertain Dementia 8-item Questionnaire and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were used to measure cognitive impairments and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: Empty nest was associated with 0.13 (95%CI: 0.04-0.23) and 0.23 (95%CI: 0.14-0.33) increases in the Ascertain Dementia 8-item Questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scores, respectively. The association between empty nest and the Ascertain Dementia 8-item Questionnaire scores was mediated by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scores. CONCLUSIONS: Empty nest affected depression in adulthood with cognitive impairments. A focus on integrative intervention for empty nesters is recommended, taking depression and cognition into account. LIMITATIONS: It is a cross-sectional study and the data is not nationally representative.

10.
Molecules ; 27(13)2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807534

RESUMO

Polymer materials with excellent physicochemical and electrical properties are desirable for energy storage applications in advanced electronics and power systems. Here, Al2O3@ZrO2 nanoparticles (A@Z) with a core-shell structure are synthesized and introduced to a P(VDF-HFP) matrix to fabricate P(VDF-HFP)/A@Z nanocomposite films. Experimental and simulation results confirm that A@Z nanoparticles increase the crystallinity and crystallization temperature owing to the effect of the refined crystal size. The incorporation of A@Z nanoparticles leads to conformational changes of molecular chains of P(VDF-HFP), which influences the dielectric relaxation and trap parameters of the nanocomposites. The calculated total trapped charges increase from 13.63 µC of the neat P(VDF-HFP) to 47.55 µC of P(VDF-HFP)/5 vol%-A@Z nanocomposite, indicating a substantial improvement in trap density. The modulated crystalline characteristic and interfaces between nanoparticles and polymer matrix are effective in inhibiting charge motion and impeding the electric conduction channels, which contributes to an improved electrical property and energy density of the nanocomposites. Specifically, a ~200% and ~31% enhancement in discharged energy density and breakdown strength are achieved in the P(VDF-HFP)/5 vol%-A@Z nanocomposite.

11.
Hortic Res ; 9: uhac099, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35795387

RESUMO

Camptothecin is a chemotherapeutic drug widely used to treat various cancers. Ophiorrhiza pumila is an ideal plant model for the study of camptothecin production, with various advantages for studying camptothecin biosynthesis and regulation. The DNA-binding WRKY transcription factors have a key regulatory role in secondary metabolite biosynthesis in plants. However, little is currently known about their involvement in camptothecin biosynthesis in O. pumila. We identified 46 OpWRKY genes unevenly distributed on the 11 chromosomes of O. pumila. Phylogenetic and multiple sequence alignment analyses divided the OpWRKY proteins into three subfamilies. Based on spatial expression and co-expression, we targeted the candidate gene OpWRKY6. Overexpression of OpWRKY6 significantly reduced the accumulation of camptothecin compared with the control. Conversely, camptothecin accumulation increased in OpWRKY6 knockout lines. Further biochemical assays showed that OpWRKY6 negatively regulates camptothecin biosynthesis from both the iridoid and shikimate pathways by directly downregulating the gene expression of OpGES, Op10HGO, Op7DLH, and OpTDC. Our data provide direct evidence for the involvement of WRKYs in the regulation of camptothecin biosynthesis and offer valuable information for enriching the production of camptothecin in plant systems.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 826744, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845040

RESUMO

Background: Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is one of the most frequently occurring valvular heart diseases among the aging population. Currently, there is no known pharmacological treatment available to delay or reverse CAVD progression. The regulation of gene expression could contribute to the initiation, progression, and treatment of CAVD. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) and transcription factors play essential regulatory roles in gene expression in CAVD; thus, further research is urgently needed. Materials and Methods: The gene-expression profiles of GSE51472 and GSE12644 were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in each dataset. A protein-protein-interaction (PPI) network of DEGs was then constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins database, and functional modules were analyzed with ClusterOne plugin in Cytoscape. Furthermore, Gene Ontology-functional annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes-pathway analysis were conducted for each functional module. Most crucially, ncRNAs and transcription factors acting on each functional module were separately identified using the RNAInter and TRRUST databases. The expression of predicted transcription factors and key genes was validated using GSE51472 and GSE12644. Furthermore, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) experiments were performed to validate the differential expression of most promising candidates in human CAVD and control samples. Results: Among 552 DEGs, 383 were upregulated and 169 were downregulated. In the PPI network, 15 functional modules involving 182 genes and proteins were identified. After hypergeometric testing, 45 ncRNAs and 33 transcription factors were obtained. Among the predicted transcription factors, CIITA, HIF1A, JUN, POU2F2, and STAT6 were differentially expressed in both the training and validation sets. In addition, we found that key genes, namely, CD2, CD86, CXCL8, FCGR3B, GZMB, ITGB2, LY86, MMP9, PPBP, and TYROBP were also differentially expressed in both the training and validation sets. Among the most promising candidates, differential expressions of ETS1, JUN, NFKB1, RELA, SP1, STAT1, ANCR, and LOC101927497 were identified via qRT-PCR experiments. Conclusion: In this study, we identified functional modules with ncRNAs and transcription factors involved in CAVD pathogenesis. The current results suggest candidate molecules for further research on CAVD.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 439: 129612, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35872456

RESUMO

The elimination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from the process of industry production is of great significance to improve the atmospheric environment. Herein the catalytic oxidation of the toluene and iso-hexane mixture, as the typical components from furniture paint industry, and the enhancement in the catalytic stability for toluene oxidation were investigated in detail. The formation rate of active oxygen species was very important for the development of the catalyst with high catalytic stability. Compared with the Pt/M catalyst, the Pt-Cu/M catalyst owned stronger ability of VOCs adsorption and gaseous oxygen activation by introducing additional sites for activating O2. The Langmuir-Hinshelwood (adsorbed oxygen) and Mars-van Krevelen (lattice oxygen) mechanism existed in toluene oxidation over the present Pt/M and Pt-Cu/M catalysts, respectively. The change in the involved active oxygen species during toluene oxidation was resulted from the Pt-Cu alloy structure. In addition to the adsorption of O2, a part of active lattice oxygen species can also be replenished by the migration of bulk lattice oxygen over Pt-Cu/M. With a rise in the reaction temperature, weakly adsorbed iso-hexane could be timely reacted with the more active lattice oxygen species to keep the catalytic stability over the Pt/M and Pt-Cu/M catalysts. Generally, we not only prepared a promising material for the catalytic removal of VOCs from the furniture paint industry, but also provided a new strategy for the generation of active oxygen species, making the catalyst exhibit high catalytic oxidation stability.

14.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 284, 2022 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35871659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The superiorities in proximal facet joint protection of robot-assisted (RA) pedicle screw placement and screw implantation via the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) have rarely been compared. Moreover, findings on the screw accuracy of both techniques are inconsistent. Therefore, we analyzed the screw accuracy and incidence of facet joint violation (FJV) of RA and CBT screw insertion in the same study and compared them with those of conventional pedicle screw (PS) insertion. The possible factors affecting screw accuracy and FJV were also analyzed. METHODS: A total of 166 patients with lumbar degenerative diseases requiring posterior L4-5 fusion were retrospectively included and divided into the RA, PS, and CBT groups from March 2019 to December 2021. The grades of intrapedicular accuracy and superior FJV were evaluated according to the Gertzbin-Robbins scale and the Babu scale based on postoperative CT. Univariable and multivariable analyses were conducted to assess the possible risk factors associated with intrapedicular accuracy and superior FJV. RESULTS: The rates of optimal screw insertion in the RA, PS, and CBT groups were 87.3%, 81.3%, and 76.5%, respectively. The difference between the RA and CBT groups was statistically significant (P = 0.004). Superior FJVs occurred in 28.2% of screws in RA, 45.0% in PS, and 21.6% in CBT. The RA and CBT groups had fewer superior FJVs than the PS group (P = 0.008 and P < 0.001, respectively), and no significant difference was observed between the RA and CBT groups (P = 0.267). Multivariable analysis revealed that the CBT technique was an independent risk factor for intrapedicular accuracy. Furthermore, older age, the conventional PS technique and a smaller facet angle were independently associated with the incidence of superior FJVs. CONCLUSIONS: The RA and CBT techniques were associated with fewer proximal FJVs than the PS technique. The RA technique showed a higher rate of intrapedicular accuracy than the CBT technique. The CBT technique was independently associated with screw inaccuracy. Older age, conventional PS technique and coronal orientation of the facet join were independent risk factors for superior FJV.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Robótica , Fusão Vertebral , Osso Cortical/cirurgia , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Parafusos Pediculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
15.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 788, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35850679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Findings from numerous studies have revealed that ferroptosis is closely related to tumorigenesis and immune cell infiltration. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are reportedly involved in the progression of various cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). This study was designed to establish a ferroptosis-related lncRNA (frlncRNA) signature to predict PCa prognosis. METHODS: The frlncRNAs were identified by studying their expression by Pearson's correlation analysis. Differentially expressed prognosis related frlncRNAs were identified by the Wilcoxon test and univariate Cox regression analysis. The LASSO Cox regression model was used to build a model to predict biochemical recurrence (BCR) based on frlncRNAs. The GSEA software (version 4.1.0) was used to explore the enriched pathways in high- and low- risk groups. Patients with PCa were clustered into different subgroups by unsupervised clustering based on the frlncRNAs considered in the prognostic model. Real-time PCR and CCK8 assays were performed to verify the expression and function of frlncRNAs. RESULTS: We identified 35 differentially expressed prognosis related frlncRNAs based on data on PCa from TCGA. A risk signature based on five frlncRNAs (AP006284.1, AC132938.1, BCRP3, AL360181.4 and AL135999.1), was confirmed to perform well in predicting BCR. The high-risk group had higher disease grades and a greater number of infiltrating immune cells. Besides this, we found that the five frlncRNAs were connected with typical immune checkpoints. With respect to molecular mechanisms, several metabolic pathways were found to enriched in the low-risk group. Furthermore, patients could be classified into different subtypes with different PSA-free times using the five frlncRNAs. Notably, AP006284.1, AC132938.1, BCRP3 and AL135999.1 were upregulated in PCa cells and tissues, whereas AL360181.4 exhibited the opposite trend. The downregulation of BCRP3 and AP006284.1 impaired the proliferation of 22RV1 cells. CONCLUSION: We generated a prognostic model based on five frlncRNAs, with clinical usefulness, and thus provided a novel strategy for predicting the BCR of patients with PCa.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias da Próstata , RNA Longo não Codificante , Ferroptose/genética , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
16.
J Environ Manage ; 319: 115512, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35803068

RESUMO

The expansion of road networks in emerging economies such as China causes significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This development is conflicting with China's commitment to achieve carbon neutrality. Thus, there is a need to better understand life cycle emissions of road infrastructure and opportunities to mitigate these emissions. Existing impact studies of roads in developing countries do not address recycled materials, improved pavement maintenance, or pavement-vehicle interaction and electric vehicle (EV) adoption. Combining firsthand information from Chinese road construction engineers with publicly available data, this paper estimates a comprehensive account of GHG emissions of the road pavement network to be constructed in the next ten years in the Shandong province in Northern China. Further, we estimate the potential of GHG emission reductions achievable under three scenario sets: maintenance optimization, alternative pavement material replacement, and EV adoption. Results show that the life cycle GHG emissions of highways and Class 1-4 roads to be constructed in the next 10 years amount to 147 Mt CO2-eq. Considering the use phase in our model reveals that it is the dominant stage in terms of emissions, largely due to pavement-vehicle interaction. Vehicle electrification can only moderately mitigate these emissions. Other stages, such as materials production and road maintenance and rehabilitation, contribute substantially to GHG emissions as well, highlighting the importance of optimizing the management of these stages. Surprisingly, longer, not shorter maintenance intervals, yield significant emission reductions. Another counter-intuitive finding is that thicker and more material-intensive pavement surfaces cause lower emissions overall. Taken together, optimal maintenance and rehabilitation schedules, alternative material use, and vehicle electrification provide GHG reduction potentials of 11%, 4%-16% and 2%-6%, respectively.

17.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2022 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35795968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The predominant mechanism driving hyperuricemia in gout is renal uric acid underexcretion, yet the standard urate-lowering therapy (ULT) recommendation is first line xanthine oxidase inhibition (XOI) irrespective of the cause of hyperuricemia. Here, we conducted a comparative effectiveness clinical trial of first line un-titrated, low-dose benzbromarone uricosuric therapy vs. XOI ULT with low-dose febuxostat in gout with renal uric acid underexcretion. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-center, open-labeled trial of men with gout and renal uric acid underexcretion (defined as fractional excretion of urate <5.5% and uric acid excretion ≤600 mg/day/1.73m2 ) was conducted. We randomly assigned 196 participants to low-dose benzbromarone 25 mg daily (LDBen) or low-dose febuxostat 20 mg daily (LDFeb) for 12 weeks. All participants received daily urine alkalization with oral sodium bicarbonate. The primary endpoint was rate of achieving serum urate (SU) target <6 mg/dL. RESULTS: More participants in the LDBen group achieved the serum urate target than LDFeb (61% vs. 32%, P<0.001). Adverse events, including gout flares and urolithiasis, did not differ between groups, with the exception of more transaminase elevation in the LDFeb group (LDBen 4% vs. LDFeb 15%, P=0.008). CONCLUSION: Compared to LDFeb, LDBen had superior urate-lowering and similar safety in the relatively young and healthy patients with gout of renal uric acid underexcretion type.

18.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 67(4): 299-305, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35809276

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori bacterium is one of the most common bacterial infections globally and is the leading cause of indigestion, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and gastric cancer. This bacterium can escape the antibacterial effects of stomach acid by adapting to the inner layers of the stomach. It combines with the natural sugars in the gastric mucosa. The compound is so effective that it makes bacterium resistant. For genes related to the pathogenesis of H. pylori, using the existence of genes such as cagA, hopQI, and hopQII, PCR is performed on some of these genes to amplify fragments of different lengths. One of the less-studied cases is that two or more pathogenic genes are simultaneously associated with H. pylori. This study examined the frequency of diseases and healthy individuals infected with H. pylori and cagA and hopQII genotypes. To diagnose H. pylori infection in healthy and stomach cancer patients, the PCR products are electrophoresed on the agarose gel after glmM gene amplification by PCR. To this aim, stomach tissue biopsies were used for patients, and saliva was used for healthy individuals. For this purpose, 150 gastric biopsy samples from stomach cancer patients and 150 saliva samples from healthy people were collected. Data showed a significant relationship between the coexistence of two genes, cagA and hopQII, and stomach cancer. 34.2% of patients and 10.1% of healthy individuals showed two genotypes, while other healthy people (89.9%) infected with H. pylori did not have this genotype. Therefore, the simultaneous presence of these two bacterial genes in human societies can be an essential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Antígenos de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Genótipo , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia
19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 128(25): 250401, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35802432

RESUMO

First proposed by Mayers and Yao, self-testing provides a certification method to infer the underlying physics of quantum experiments in a black-box scenario. Numerous demonstrations have been reported to self-test various types of entangled states. However, all the multiparticle self-testing experiments reported so far suffer from both detection and locality loopholes. Here, we report the first experimental realization of multiparticle entanglement self-testing closing the locality loophole in a photonic system, and the detection loophole in a superconducting system, respectively. We certify three-party and four-party GHZ states with at least 0.84(1) and 0.86(3) fidelities in a device-independent way. These results can be viewed as a meaningful advance in multiparticle loophole-free self-testing, and also significant progress on the foundations of quantum entanglement certification.

20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9338, 2022 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665769

RESUMO

The Chinese government has recently issued the strictest ever guideline to improve the compulsory education system. The new policy aims at reducing the burden of excessive homework and supplementary tutoring, whilst promoting extracurricular activities, including sports and arts, for primary and junior middle school students. To examine the impact that this reform might have on sensory development-which is critical for higher-order cognitive functions-we assessed proprioceptive abilities in children from 5 to 8 years of age. Proprioception refers to sensations of position and motion of the body in space and is mediated by activity in somatosensory and prefrontal cortical areas. By asking participants to perform position matching tasks in the forward-backward directions, we were able to compare the proprioceptive maps of children with and without regular sports training. We demonstrate that extracurricular sports activities can modify the proprioceptive map and improve proprioceptive acuity and stability in school-aged children.


Assuntos
Propriocepção , Esportes , Terapia Comportamental , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos
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