Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.907
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120962065, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008277

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Treatment of corneal injury depends on the self-proliferation ability of human corneal epithelial cells (HCEp). Our previous study revealed kojic acid had the anti-senescence function on human corneal endothelial cells. In this study, we researched the enhancive proliferation effect of kojic acid in HCEp. METHODS: Cell viability was evaluated by MTT assay. The expression of proliferation-related protein was detected by western blotting and immunofluorescence assay. RESULTS: Kojic acid could enhance HCEp proliferation, characterized by promoting cell proliferation rate, decreasing the expression levels of p21, galectin 8 and ki67, and increasing that of p-p38. The p38 signaling pathway inhibitor, SB203580, could reverse the enhancive proliferation function of kojic acid. Furthermore, knockdown of p21 had similar enhancive proliferation effect to kojic acid. CONCLUSION: Kojic acid might enhance HCEp proliferation through p38 and p21 signaling pathways, potentially via reduced expression levels of galectin 8 and ki67. Hence, kojic acid might be a potential drug to accelerate the healing of corneal epithelial injury.

2.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009518

RESUMO

Although the interaction between tumors and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) has been reported to facilitate the targeted drug resistance and progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the related mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we report that SOX17 serves as a novel tumor suppressor in ccRCC and a positive regulatory loop, SOX17low/YAP/TEAD1/CCL5/CCR5/STAT3, facilitates the ccRCC-TAM interaction. SOX17 expression was commonly downregulated and negatively correlated with TAM infiltration in ccRCC specimens, and the integration of SOX17 and TAMs with the existing clinical indicators TNM stage or SSIGN score achieved better accuracy for predicting the prognosis of ccRCC patients. Mechanistically, SOX17 knockdown activated YAP signaling by promoting the transcription and nuclear distribution of YAP, which recruited TEAD1 to trigger CCL5 transcription. Then, CCL5 educated macrophages toward TAMs, which reciprocally enhanced ccRCC progression through CCL5/CCR5 and activated STAT3/SOX17low/YAP. However, SOX17 overexpression in ccRCC achieved the opposite effect. Thus, a positive regulatory loop, SOX17low/YAP/TEAD1/CCL5/CCR5/STAT3, was identified in the ccRCC-TAM interaction. Furthermore, targeting tumor-TAM interactions by blocking this positive regulatory network impaired the metastasis and targeted drug resistance of ccRCC in in vivo mouse models of lung metastasis and orthotopic ccRCC. These findings provide a new mechanism underlying the tumor-TAM interplay in ccRCC progression and present a potential target for inhibiting targeted drug resistance and metastasis in advanced ccRCC.

3.
Chem Rec ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021040

RESUMO

Gas sensors based on metal oxides semiconductor (MOS) have attracted extensive attention from both academic and industry. ZnO, as a typical MOS, exhibits potential applications in toxic gas detection, owning to its wide band gap, n-type transport characteristic and excellent electrical performance. Meanwhile, doping is an effective way to improve the sensing performance of ZnO materials. In this review, the effects of different types of doping on morphology, crystal structure, band gap and depletion layer of ZnO materials are comprehensively discussed. Theoretical analysis on the strategies for enhancing the sensing properties of ZnO is also provided. This review puts forward the reasonable insight for designing efficient n-type ZnO-based semiconductor oxide sensing materials.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016859

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, brick red-pigmented bacterium, designated R-22-1 c-1T, was isolated from water from Baiyang Lake, Hebei Province, PR China. The strain was able to grow at 20-30 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and pH 6-7 (optimum, pH 6) in Reasoner's 2A medium. 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic analyses of R-22-1 c-1T revealed closest relationships to Rufibacter immobilis MCC P1T (97.8 %), Rufibacter sediminis H-1T (97.9 %) and Rufibacter glacialis MDT1-10-3T (97.0 %), with other species of the genus Rufibacter showing less than 97.0 % sequence similarity. The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminophospholipids and three unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C15 : 1 ω6c, C17 : 1 ω6c, anteiso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1B). The respiratory quinone was MK-7. The draft genome of R-22-1 c-1T was 5.6 Mbp in size, with a G+C content of 50.2 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between strain R-22-1 c-1T and related type strains were R. immobilis MCC P1T (77.2 and 21.8 %), R. sediminis H-1T (81.6 and 21.4 %) and R. tibetensis 1351T (78.5 and 22.9 %). Based on these phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic results, strain R-22-1 c-1T represents a novel species in the genus Rufibacter, for which the name Rufibacter latericius sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R-22-1 c-1T (=CGMCC 1.13570T=KCTC 62781T).

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142588, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039886

RESUMO

Continuous economic loss and even human death caused by various microbial pathogens in drinking water call for the development of water disinfection systems with the features of environmentally friendly nature, high inactivation efficacy without pathogen regrowth, facile disinfection operation and low energy consumption. Alternatively, g-C3N4-based visible-light-enabled photocatalytic disinfection can meet the above requirements and thus has attracted increasing interest in recent years. Here, we explored for the first time the antimicrobial ability and mechanisms of a wide spectrum of representative pathogens ranging from bacteria (Escherichia coli), to viruses (human adenoviruses) and spores (Bacillus subtilis spores) by g-C3N4/Vis system with the assistance of two common oxidants (H2O2 and PMS), especially in a comparative perspective. Pristine g-C3N4 could achieve a complete inactivation of bacteria (5-log) within 150 min, but displayed negligible antimicrobial activity against human viruses and spores (< 0.5-log). Fortunately, simple addition of oxidants into the system could greatly enhance the inactivation of bacteria (5-log with PMS within 120 min) and human viruses (2.6-log with H2O2 within 150 min). Roles of reactive oxygen species were found to be quite different in the disinfection processes, depending on both types of chemical oxidants and microbial pathogens. Additionally, disinfection efficiency could be facilely and effectively improved by statistical optimization of two important operating factors (i.e., catalyst loading and oxidant addition). Selection of added oxidants was determined by not only the target pathogen but also the water matrix. As a proof of concept, this work can provide some meaningful and useful information for advancing the field of green and sustainable water disinfection.

6.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035280

RESUMO

The surfaces of some IIB-VI semiconductors (ZnX, X = O, S, Se) are metallized by neighboring highly polar and atomically vertically aligned (VA) liquid crystal (LC) molecules. Owing to polar catastrophe, the charge carriers swarm in an extremely thin layer and the density can achieve 4.86 × 1028 m-3 close to the LC layer, which can be regarded as a 2-dimensional electron gas (2DEG). Using density functional theory (DFT), it was found that the dielectric functions of the modified layer become negative in the visible region. This indicates the semiconductor/LC platform is an ideal active plasmonic candidate, apart from the lossy metal constituents. Experimentally, after mediation with phase gratings written in the LC system, surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) can be excited at the semiconductor surface and localized charges are gathered in an adjacent LC layer. With the help of the enhanced static electric field from the metallic surface, significantly more 2D diffraction orders in many rows and columns and a huge energy transfer between the laser beams and SPPs was observed, which is consistent with the metallization results and the bidirectional coupling between the SPPs and incident lights. The generalization of the II-VI semiconductors means the system has great promise for use in practical applications owing to the ultra-low loss. The novel insights regarding this combination with liquid crystals will be beneficial for real-time holographic displays and the study of tunable epsilon near zero points.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035395

RESUMO

Herein, we report arylazopyrazole ureas and sulfones as a novel class of photoswitchable serine hydrolase inhibitors and present a chemoproteomic platform for rapid discovery of optically controlled serine hydrolase targets in complex proteomes. Specifically, we identify highly potent and selective photoswitchable inhibitors of the drug-metabolizing enzymes carboxylesterases 1 and 2 and demonstrate the pharmacological application of our compounds by optically controlling the metabolism of the immunosuppressant drug mycophenolate mofetil. Collectively, this proof-of-concept study provides a first example of photopharmacological tools to optically control drug metabolism by modulating the activity of a metabolizing enzyme. Our arylazopyrazole ureas and sulfones offer synthetically accessible scaffolds that can be expanded to a larger library with hundreds of compounds to identify specific photoswitchable inhibitors for other serine hydrolases, including lipases, peptidases, and proteases and our chemoproteomic platform can be expanded to other photoswitches and scaffolds to achieve optical control over diverse protein classes.

8.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026979

RESUMO

The slow light sensor techniques have been applied to bio-related detection in the past decades. However, similar testing-systems are too large to carry to a remote area for diagnosis or point-of-care testing. This study demonstrated a fully automatic portable biosensing system based on the microring resonator. An optical-fiber array mounted on a controller based micro-positioning system, which can be interfaced with Matlab to locate a tentative position for light source and waveguide coupling alignment. Chip adapter and microfluidic channel could be packaged as a product such that it is cheap to manufacture and can be disposed of after every test conducted. Thus, the platform can be more easily operated via an ordinary user without expertise in photonics. It is designed based on conventional optical communication wavelength range. The C-band SLEDs light source couples in/out the micro-ring sensor to obtain quasi-TE mode by grating coupler techniques. For keeping a stable chemical binding reaction, the cost-effective microfluidic pump was developed to offer a specific flow rate of 20 L/min by using a servo-motor, an Arduino board, and a motor driver. The subwavelength grating metamaterial ring resonator shows highly sensitive sensing performance via surface index changes due to biomarker adhered on the sensor. The real-time peak shifts monitoring shows 10 g/mL streptavidin detection of limit based on the biotin-streptavidin binding reaction. Through the different specific receptors immobilized on the sensor surface, the system can be utilized on the open applications such as heavy metal detection, gas sensing, virus examination and cancer marker diagnosis.

9.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-16, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044899

RESUMO

MicroRNA functions as an oncogenic regulator or tumor suppressor in various human tumors. Although bioinformatics analysis suggested that miRNA-20b-5p may be associated with the tumorigenesis, its role in colon cancer remains elusive. To investigate the role of miRNA-20b-5p, HCT116 cell, a human colon cancer cell line used in therapeutic research and drug screenings, was chosen as a model system for our in vitro studies. We first carried out bioinformatics and microarray analysis. To gain further mechanism insight, flow cytometry was performed to determine cell apoptosis and cell cycle, and western blot or immunohistochemistry were employed to check the expression of CCND1/CDK/FOXM1 axis in HCT116 cells. In addition, wound-healing migration assay and transwell assay were conducted to uncover the effect of miR-20b-5p on tumor migration and invasion. Finally, we examined the role of miR-20b-5p by subcutaneous xenograft mouse models. Our data have shown that miRNA-20b-5p inhibited the cell cycle, migration, and invasion in HCT116 cells, but had no effect on cell apoptosis. CyclinD1 (CCND1) was identified as a direct target of miR-20b-5p. Overexpression of miRNA-20b-5p downregulated CCND1 level in HCT-116 cells. Mechanically, the inhibition of cell cycle, migration, and invasion of CC cells mediated by miRNA-20b-5p are through regulating the CCND1/CDK4/FOXM1 axis. Furthermore, miRNA-20b-5p inhibited the tumorigenesis in Balb/c nude mice CC xenograft models. Our data demonstrated that miR-20b-5p may serve as a tumor suppressor in colon cancer by negatively regulating CCND1, implying that miR-20b-5p could be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of colon cancer.

10.
J Minim Access Surg ; 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047683

RESUMO

Background: Intracorporeal oesophagojejunostomy is one of the key steps in laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG). At present, there is no widely accepted anastomosis technique in oesophagojejunostomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied 63 patients with gastric cancer who underwent LTG. Two types of anastomosis techniques have been applied during LTG: the reverse puncture device (RPD) (28 patients) and overlap (35 patients). Results: A total of 63 patients (51 males and 12 females: mean age = 58 years and mean body mass index [BMI] = 26.3 kg/m2) were enrolled in this study. There were no significant difference in age, BMI, duration of surgery, duration of anastomosis, blood loss, post-operative hospital stay, tumour location, tumour size, degree of tumour differentiation, Borrmann type, total number of lymph nodes, number of positive lymph nodes, hospital stay, hospitalisation costs, intra-operative complications, post-operative complications and prognosis between the RPD group and the overlap group. RPD group showed a significant advantage in terms of the distance between the top border of tumours and the top resection margin (P < 0.001). We further found that the oesophageal lateral negative surgical margin distance of the upper gastric cancer in the RPD group was significantly longer than that in the overlap group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Both the RPD and overlap techniques are safe and applicable in LTG. However, RPD has the advantage of obtaining an adequate safe margin compared with that of overlap technique, especially in patients with gastro-oesophageal junction carcinoma.

11.
Int Dent J ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In mid-March 2020, the World Health Organization declared that COVID-19 was to be characterised as a pandemic. The purpose of this article is to recommend emergency management procedures for dental clinics during this public health emergency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have implemented a series of emergency management measures to prevent cross-infection in our dental clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic, including personnel scheduling, division of the clinic into functional areas, limitation or delay of non-emergency patients, staff protection and infection controls, clinical environmental disinfection, and the use of online consultation services, among others. RESULTS: Due to public health policy and dental emergency management, the number of dental visitors to our clinic dropped sharply, and no COVID-19 suspected cases or high-risk patients received treatment. There have been no reports of infection of dental staff or patients during dental treatment in China to date. CONCLUSION: These public health policies and dental emergency management measures were effective in controlling cross-infection of COVID-19 in the dental clinic. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: We share control measures for COVID-19, and hope that they will be helpful for dental professionals worldwide to continue to provide dental care in a safe and orderly manner.

12.
Chem Asian J ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029926

RESUMO

Molecular engineering of fluorophore scaffolds, especially heteroatom replacement, is a promising method to yield novel fluorophores with tailored properties for various applications. Yet, molecular origins of the distinct fluorescent properties in newly developed SCOTfluors, i.e., varied emission wavelengths, distinct quantum yields, and fluorogenicity, remain elusive. Such understanding, however, is critical for the rational molecular engineering of high-performance fluorophores. Herein, we employed quantum chemical calculations to understand the structure-property relationships of nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD)-like SCOTfluors. Our findings are important not only for the rational deployment of SCOTfluors, but also for the effective modifications of other fluorophore scaffolds, for satisfying the increasingly diversified requirements of bioimaging and biosensing applications.

13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(20)2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050320

RESUMO

A novel interactive system for calligraphy called mind calligraphy that reflects the writer's emotions in real time by affective computing and visualization techniques is proposed. Differently from traditional calligraphy, which emphasizes artistic expression, the system is designed to visualize the writer's mental-state changes during writing using audio-visual tools. The writer's mental state is measured with a brain wave machine to yield attention and meditation signals, which are classified next into the four types of emotion, namely, focusing, relaxation, calmness, and anxiety. These emotion types then are represented both by animations and color palettes for by-standing observers to appreciate. Based on conclusions drawn from data collected from on-site observations, surveys via Likert-scale questionnaires, and semi-structured interviews, the proposed system was improved gradually. The participating writers' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral engagements in the system were recorded and analyzed to obtain the following findings: (1) the interactions with the system raise the writer's interest in calligraphy; (2) the proposed system reveals the writer's emotions during the writing process in real time via animations of mixtures of fish swimming and sounds of raindrops, insects, and thunder; (3) the dynamic visualization of the writer's emotion through animations and color-palette displays makes the writer understand better the connection of calligraphy and personal emotions; (4) the real-time audio-visual feedback increases the writer's willingness to continue in calligraphy; and (5) the engagement of the writer in the system with interactions of diversified forms provides the writer with a new experience of calligraphy.

14.
ACS Sens ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052655

RESUMO

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), one of the most toxic mycotoxins, poses great health risks. Rapid and sensitive detection of AFB1 is important for food safety, environment monitoring, and health risk assessment. We report here the development of a simple and reusable electrochemical aptasensor for rapid and sensitive detection of AFB1. Main improvements were achieved through engineering an aptamer containing a short stem-loop structure and enhancing the binding affinity at a lower temperature. The DNA aptamer with a methylene blue (MB) label at one end was immobilized on a gold electrode. Upon AFB1 binding, the aptamer folded into a stem-loop structure and brought MB close to the electrode surface, resulting in increases in electric current. The aptamer having a shorter stem (2-4 bp) underwent a larger conformation change upon target binding. The sensors built with the aptamer containing a 2 bp stem generated much higher signal-on responses to AFB1 at 4 °C than at room temperature (25 °C). The improvements resulted in a detection limit of 6 pM, enabling the determination of trace AFB1 in a complex sample matrix. This study demonstrates that low temperature greatly enhances the performance of aptamer electrochemical sensors. This aptasensor is simple to construct and readily regenerated by washing with deionized water for reuse. This aptasensor strategy could be applied to the development of an electrochemical aptasensor for other targets.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22619, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019483

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Xanthogranuloma of the sellar region is exceedingly rare, and described in only a handful of case reports. Herein, we present a case of xanthogranuloma of the sellar region to improve our knowledge for the diagnosis and management of this unusual disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old female presented with the symptoms of intermittent vomiting, occasional head discomfort, and diabetes insipidus of 1 month duration. DIAGNOSES: Magnetic resonance imaging showed a large well-defined, vase-like, heterogeneous mass in the sellar region. The lesion showed mixed signal with hierarchical signal presentation. Fluid-fluid level sign can be found within the lesion. The upper part of the lesion was hyperintense, and the lower part was hypointense on both T1-weighted images and T2-weighted images. The lesion showed no enhancement following the intravenous administration of gadolinium. The normal pituitary tissue was not clearly visible. Optic chiasm was compressed and displaced by the lesion. Initial diagnosis of pituitary macroadenoma with hemorrhage in the sellar region was made before surgery. Final diagnosis of sellar xanthogranuloma was confirmed by histopathological examination after surgical resection. INTERVENTIONS: Gross total resection of the lesion was achieved using the microscope through endonasal transsphenoidal approach. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered well with improved binocular vision and no symptom of diabetes insipidus, and was discharged 5 days after operation. LESSONS: Sellar xanthogranuloma should receive diagnostic consideration for the lesion that is a heterogeneously mixed mass with a degree of T1-weighted images hyperintense in the sellar region.


Assuntos
Diabetes Insípido/etiologia , Granuloma/cirurgia , Sela Túrcica/patologia , Xantomatose/patologia , Xantomatose/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Gadolínio/administração & dosagem , Granuloma/patologia , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Sela Túrcica/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito/etiologia
16.
Neuroimage Clin ; 28: 102451, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022581

RESUMO

The thalamus, with the highest density of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) in the brain, plays a central role in thalamo-cortical circuits that are implicated in nicotine addiction. However, little is known about whether the thalamo-cortical circuits are potentially predictive of smoking relapse. In the current study, a total of 125 participants (84 treatment-seeking male smokers and 41 age-matched male nonsmokers) were recruited. Structural and functional magnetic resonance images (MRI) were acquired from all participants. After a 12-week smoking cessation treatment with varenicline, the smokers were then divided into relapsers (n = 54) and nonrelapsers (n = 30). Then, we compared thalamic volume and seed-based thalamo-cortical resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) prior to the cessation treatment among relapsers, nonrelapsers and nonsmokers to investigate the associations between thalamic structure/function and smoking relapse. Increased thalamic volume was detected in smokers relative to nonsmokers, and in relapsers relative to nonrelapsers, especially on the left side. Moreover, decreased left thalamo-precuneus rsFC was detected in relapsers relative to nonrelapsers. Additionally, a logistic regression analysis showed that the thalamic volume and thalamo-precuneus rsFC predicted smoking relapse with an accuracy of 75.7%. These novel findings indicate that increased thalamic volume and decreased thalamo-precuneus rsFC are associated with smoking relapse, and these thalamic measures may be used to predict treatment efficacy of nicotine addiction and serve as a potential biomarker for personalized medicine.

17.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23619, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ongoing coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is posing a threat to the public health globally. Serological test for SARS-CoV-2 antibody can improve early diagnosis of COVID-19 and serves as a valuable supplement to RNA detection. METHOD: A SARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgM combined antibody test strip based on colloidal gold immunochromatography assay was developed, with both spike protein and nucleocapsid protein of SARS-CoV-2 antigen used for antibody detection. From 3 medical institutions across China, serum or plasma of 170 patients with confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis and 300 normal controls were collected and tested with the strip. Sensitivity, specificity, kappa coefficient, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and area under the curve (AUC) were analyzed. Positive rates in different medical centers, age group, gender, and different disease course were compared. RESULTS: 158 out 170 samples from confirmed COVID-19 patients had positive results from the test, and 296 out of 300 samples from normal controls had negative results. The kit was 92.9% sensitive and 98.7% specific. The positive rate was 77.3% during the first week after disease onset, but reached 100% since day 9. AUC and kappa coefficient were 0.958 and 0.926, respectively, which showed the consistency of the test results with the standard diagnosis. Age or gender caused little variations in the kit sensitivity. CONCLUSION: The rapid, easy-to-use SARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgM combined antibody test kit has a superior performance, which can help with accurate diagnosis and thus timely treatment and isolation of COVID-19 patients, that contributes to the better control of the global pandemic.

18.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e037603, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033019

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a distressing symptom. There are many ways to treat RAS, such as pudilan anti-inflammatory oral liquid and doxycycline and laser therapy, but these take a long time to produce positive effects and compliance is low. Previous reviews of acupuncture treatment for RAS has been growing, but a systematic review is not available. To assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the management of RAS. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following databases will be searched from their inception to 1 February 2020: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang. The randomised controlled trials in English or Chinese associated with acupuncture for patients with RAS will be included. Eligible study conference abstracts and reference lists of manuscripts will also be searched. Two reviewers will select the studies, extract data independently. The Cochrane risk of bias tool will be used to assess the risk of bias for the studies. According to heterogeneity testing, data will be synthesised using a random-effects model. A meta-analysis will be performed using Rev Man V.5.3.5 statistical software for each outcome. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis are planned according to clinical evidence. Mean difference or standardised mean difference for continuous data and risk ratio for dichotomous data will be calculated. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethical approval is required. This protocol will not involve individual patient information and endangering participant rights. The results will be reported in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/QASUY.

19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113461, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039625

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Jinmaitong (JMT) is a prescription of Traditional Chinese Medicine, which is composed of ten herbal drugs and two animal drugs. It has long been used for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). AIM OF STUDY: Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is considered as an essential and direct driver of myelinogenesis. This study aims to evaluate the protective effect of JMT against DPN dynamically during a 16-weeks' treatment, and to investigate the underlying mechanism in which the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetic model was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of Streptozotocin (STZ) using male Sprague-Dawley rats. The model rats were divided into five groups and administrated with JMT at three doses (0.437, 0.875, and 1.75 g/kg per day), neurotropin (positive drug, 2.67 NU/kg per day), and placebo (deionized water), respectively, for continuous 8 weeks (n = 9-10), 12 weeks (n = 8-10), or 16 weeks (n = 7-9). Meanwhile, rats in control group were administrated with placebo (n = 10 for 8 weeks, n = 9 for 12 and 16 weeks, respectively). Blood glucose and body weight were monitored every four weeks. Mechanical allodynia was assessed using mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) test. The morphological change of sciatic nerves were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) stain. The mRNA and protein levels of targeted genes were evaluated by quantitative real time-PCR and western bolt, respectively. Myelin protein zero (MPZ) and mediators involved in Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, such as ß-catenin, glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK-3ß), and WNT inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1), were compared among different groups after treatment of 8, 12, and 16 weeks, respectively. RESULTS: The mechanical allodynia and peripheral nerve morphology were degenerated in DPN rats over time, and notably improved after JMT-treatment of 12 and 16 weeks. The decreased MPZ level in DPN rats were also significantly amended by JMT. More importantly, we found that the suppressed Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in sciatic nerves of DPN rats was overtly up-regulated by JMT in a time-dependent manner. Among the three doses, JMT at the middle dose showed the best effect. CONCLUSIONS: JMT effectively ameliorated diabetic-induced peripheral neuropathy, which was mediated by the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. This study provided new perspective to understand the neuroprotective mechanism of JMT.

20.
Zootaxa ; 4821(3): zootaxa.4821.3.9, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056317

RESUMO

Sarcophaga (Hoa) membranijuxta sp. nov. is described from the Chinese provinces Guangxi and Hainan and documented with illustrations, photographs and scanning electron microscopy images. The habitus and male terminalia of Sarcophaga (Hoa) basiseta Baranov, 1931 are documented with photographs for the first time, and the circumscription and distribution of the subgenus Hoa Rohdendorf, 1937 are updated.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Sarcofagídeos , Animais , China , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA