Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 79
Filtrar
1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 270: 113845, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485974

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Polygoni Multiflori Radix, the dried root of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., and its processed products have been used as restoratives for centuries in China. However, the reports of Polygoni Multiflori Radix-induced liver injury (PMR-ILI) have received wide attention in recent years, and the components and mechanism of PMR-ILI are not completely clear yet. Our previous studies found that the PMR-ILI was related to the down-regulation of some drug metabolism enzymes (DME). AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the effect of the inhibition of CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 on PMR-ILI, screen the relevant hepatotoxic components and unveil its mechanism. METHODS: RT-qPCR was used to detect the effects of water extract of Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR) and its main components on the mRNA expression of CYP3A4 and UGT1A1 in human hepatic parenchyma cell line L02. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was employed to detect the content of major components in the PMR. And then, the stable CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 knockdown cells were generated using short hairpin RNAs (shRNA) in L02 and HepaRG cells. Hepatotoxic components were identified by cell viability assay when PMR and its four representative components, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene glycoside (TSG), emodin (EM), emodin-8-O-ß-D-glucoside (EG), and gallic acid (GA), acted on CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 knockdown cell lines. The PMR-ILI mechanism of oxidative stress injury and apoptosis in L02 and HepaRG cells were detected by flow cytometry. Finally, the network toxicology prediction analysis was employed to excavate the targets of its possible toxic components and the influence on the metabolic pathway. RESULTS: PMR and EM significantly inhibited the mRNA expression of CYP3A4 and UGT1A1 in L02 cells, while TSG and GA activated the mRNA expression of CYP3A4 and UGT1A1, and EG activated CYP3A4 expression while inhibited UGT1A1 expression. The contents of TSG, EG, EM and GA were 34.93 mg/g, 1.39 mg/g, 0.43 mg/g and 0.44 mg/g, respectively. The CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 knockdown cells were successfully constructed in both L02 and HepaRG cells. Low expression of CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 increased PMR cytotoxicity remarkably. Same as PMR, the toxicity of EM and GA increased in shCYP3A4 and shUGT1A1 cells, which suggested EM and GA may be the main components of hepatotoxicity in PMR. Besides, EM not only inhibited the expression of metabolic enzymes but also reduced the cytotoxicity threshold. EM and GA affected the level of ROS, mitochondrial membrane potential, Ca2+ concentration, and dose-dependent induced hepatocyte apoptosis in L02 and HepaRG cells. The network toxicology analysis showed that PMR-ILI was related to drug metabolism-cytochrome P450, glutathione metabolism, and steroid hormone biosynthesis. CONCLUSION: The inhibition of mRNA expression of CYP3A4 or UGT1A1 enhanced hepatotoxicity of PMR. EM and GA, especially EM, may be the main hepatotoxic components in PMR. The mechanism of PMR, EM and GA induced hepatotoxicity was proved to be related to elevated levels of ROS, mitochondrial membrane potential, Ca2+ concentration, and induction of apoptosis in liver cells.

2.
Ther Adv Psychopharmacol ; 10: 2045125320973794, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33282177

RESUMO

Background: This study is the first to examine the association between plasma levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the antisuicidal effects of repeated ketamine infusions in depressed patients with suicidal ideation. Methods: Fifty-seven depressed patients with suicidal ideation received six ketamine infusions (0.5 mg/kg) during a 12 days period. Suicidality was measured with the Scale for Suicidal Ideations (SSI-part 1), item 10 of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and item 3 of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) at baseline, 1 day after the first infusion (1 day), 1 day after the sixth infusion (13 days), and at 2 weeks after the last infusion (26 days). Plasma levels of BDNF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at baseline, 13 days, and 26 days. Results: Overall, 46 (80.7%) depressed patients with suicidal ideation had an antisuicidal response at 13 days. Despite a significant reduction in suicidal symptoms over time, no changes in plasma levels of BDNF were found after ketamine treatment when compared with baseline. Correlation analysis showed that no significant association was observed between the plasma levels of BDNF and the changes in the severity of suicidal symptoms as measured by SSI-part 1, item 10 of the MADRS, or item 3 of the HAMD at 1 day, 13 days, and 26 days (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our results indicated that plasma levels of BDNF may not serve as a biomarker for determining the antisuicidal effects of six ketamine infusions in depressed patients with suicidal ideation.

3.
PeerJ ; 8: e10208, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194410

RESUMO

Objective: The N-methyl-D-aspartate subtype glutamate receptor antagonist ketamine has rapid antidepressant and antisuicidal effects in treating treatment-resistant bipolar depression (TRBD). The neurocognitive effects of repeated ketamine infusions in TRBD are not known. Methods: Six intravenous infusions of ketamine (0.5 mg/kg over 40 min) were administered on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule during a 12-day period on 16 patients with TRBD followed by a 2-week observational period. The assessment of neurocognitive function was conducted using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery at baseline, 13 and 26 days. Tasks were designed to test speed of processing, working memory, visual learning and verbal learning. Results: A significant improvement was found only in scores of speed of processing (F = 9.9, p = 0.001) after a 2-week observational period, which was accounted for by the improvement of depression symptoms. There were no significant changes over time in terms of working memory, visual learning and verbal learning. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the improvement of depression symptoms through six ketamine infusions was greater among TRBD patients with lower working memory at baseline (r = 0.54, p = 0.03). In multiple regression analysis, the significant correlation was still maintained (beta = 0.67, t = 2.2, p = 0.04). Conclusion: This preliminary study indicated that six ketamine infusions were not harmful but were slightly beneficial for speed of processing in TRBD. However, this change was mainly accounted for the improvement of depression symptoms over time. Lower baseline working memory appears to be associated with greater antidepressant response after completion of six ketamine infusions in patients with TRBD.

4.
Protoplasma ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929630

RESUMO

Wheat contains the largest number of miR396 family with 17 miR396 in Poaceae. MiR396 regulatory network underlying wheat grain development has not comprehensively been explored. Our results showed that precursor miR396 family in Poaceae exhibited not only conservativeness but also diversification especially in wheat. Five haplotypes were detected in Poaceae species, while 4 haplotypes in wheat with Hap-4 (miR396a) and Hap-5 (miR396n) unique to wheat. GO enrichment analysis of target genes showed that the first 20 enrichment functions of miR396a and miR396n are completely different from each other, and also completely different from miR396(b-g), miR396(h-m), and miR396(o-q). Functional annotation on the 18 target genes shared by miR396(b-g), miR396(h-m), and miR396(o-q) found that 11 of the 18 target genes are growth-regulating factor (GRF) genes. Our results indicated that, during the grain filling stage of wheat, miR396 is involved in the development of grains by regulating the expression of GRF genes (GRF1, GRF6, and GRF9). Although the enrichment function of miR396(b-g), miR396(h-m), and miR396(o-q) is the same, the gene functional networks they formed differ greatly. Our results indicated that polyploidization enriches not only the diversity of miR396 family and its target genes but also gene functional networks in wheat. These results laid foundation for further elucidating function of miR396 gene family underlying wheat grain development.

5.
ACS Nano ; 14(10): 13038-13046, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929968

RESUMO

Light scattering is typically undesired in optical systems as it often introduces defects or otherwise negatively impacts device performance. However, rather than being a hindrance, scattering can also be exploited to achieve lensless imaging using a scattering mask instead of lenses to enable devices with low-cost, compact construction, and yet a large field of view. Lensless imaging can benefit greatly from the ability to dynamically tune the scattering pattern produced by the mask; however, this often results in increased complexity and cost. Herein, we propose and demonstrate particle-based reconfigurable scattering masks to dynamically tune light scattering for lensless imaging, enabling multishot image reconstruction. Disordered particle populations are tuned by rational application of electric fields without requiring bulky or expensive components. Several assembly motifs are explored and studied for optimal performance; in particular, gold nanowires chained between planar electrodes yield the best reconstruction quality and are the main focus in this study. The distinct gold nanowire based scattering masks achieve a complex wavelet structural similarity as low as 0.36. By leveraging the submicrometer thickness of particles and the resultant large optical memory effect, an angular field of view of ±45° is demonstrated. The reconfigurable nature of the particle arrays enables multishot reconstruction which results in enhanced image quality and improved signal-to-noise ratios by up to 10-fold. These results suggest that reconfigurable particle masks could be a broadly applicable means of achieving dynamically tunable light scattering with potential applications in lensless microscopy or high-resolution imaging.

6.
J Affect Disord ; 276: 608-615, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidences suggest that inflammatory marker-mediated neuroplasticity contributes critically to brain changes following antidepressant treatment. To date, no study has examined the relationship between changes in hippocampal volume, depressive symptoms, and inflammatory markers following repeated ketamine treatment. METHODS: Forty-four patients with major depressive disorder received six intravenous ketamine (0.5 mg/kg) infusions over 12 days. The Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) was used to assess depressive symptoms, and peripheral blood was collected to test multiple cytokines and tryptophan (TRP) metabolites at baseline, 24 h and 14 days after the sixth infusion (day 13 and day 26). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were carried out at baseline and day13, and FreeSurfer software was used to process the T1 images and analyze hippocampal volume. RESULTS: Following ketamine, a significant improvement in depressive symptoms, a small increase in right hippocampal volume and alterations in inflammatory markers was found. No significant association was found between changes in inflammatory markers and changes in hippocampal volume from baseline to day 13 (P>0.05), while a weak association was found between TRP metabolite changes and other cytokine changes from baseline to day 26 (beta=-0.357, t=-2.600, P = 0.013). LIMITATIONS: The patients continued receiving previous medications during ketamine treatment, which may have impacted hippocampal volume and inflammatory markers. CONCLUSIONS: Hippocampal volume increase following ketamine was an independent neurobiological effect that was not associated with changes in peripheral inflammatory markers, suggesting a likely complex neurobiological mechanism of the antidepressant effect of ketamine.

7.
Transl Psychiatry ; 10(1): 264, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747631

RESUMO

Abnormal subcortical structures have been associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) and could be reversed by antidepressant treatment. To date no study has examined the relationship between subcortical volumes and repeated ketamine treatment. The current study investigated volume changes in specific subcortical structures and hippocampal subfields after six ketamine infusions. Forty-four patients with MDD received six subanesthetic dose infusions of ketamine. Depressive symptoms were assessed and magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed before and after six ketamine infusions. FreeSurfer software was used to process the T1 images and analyze the volumes of the subcortical regions and hippocampal subfields. After six ketamine infusions, increases were observed in the volumes of the left amygdala; the right hippocampus; the cornu ammonis 4 body, granule cell and molecular layer of the dentate gyrus body in the left hippocampus; and the cornu ammonis 4 head and molecular layer head in the right hippocampus. Positive correlations were found between symptom improvement and the pretreatment volumes of the right thalamus (r = 0.501; P = 0.001) and left subiculum head of the hippocampus (r = 0.471; P = 0.002), and changes in the volumes of the left amygdala (r = -0.452; P = 0.003) and the left cornu ammonis 4 body (r = -0.537; P < 0.001). Our findings provided evidence for critical roles of the amygdala and specific hippocampal subfields in the antidepressant effect of repeated ketamine treatment. Relatively larger volumes in right thalamus and left subiculum head in the hippocampus can predict a superior clinical outcome of ketamine treatment in MDD patients.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 1182, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32848785

RESUMO

Background: Long QT syndrome 3 (LQT3) is caused by SCN5A mutations. Late sodium current (late I Na) inhibitors are current-specific to treat patients with LQT3, but the mechanisms underlying mexiletine (MEX) -sensitive (N1325S and R1623Q) and -insensitive (M1652R) mutations remains to be elucidated. Methods: LQT3 patients with causative mutations were treated with oral MEX following i.v. lidocaine. Whole-cell patch-clamp techniques and molecular remodeling were used to determine the mechanisms underlying the sensitivity to MEX. Results: Intravenous administration of lidocaine followed by MEX orally in LQT patients with N1325S and R1623Q sodium channel mutation shortened QTc interval, abolished arrhythmias, and completely normalized the ECG. In HEK293 cells, the steady-state inactivation curves of the M1652R channels were rightward shifted by 5.6 mV relative to the WT channel. In contrast, the R1623Q mutation caused a leftward shift of the steady-state inactivation curve by 15.2 mV compared with WT channel, and N1325S mutation did not affect steady-state inactivation (n = 5-13, P < 0.05). The extent of the window current was expanded in all three mutant channels compared with WT. All three mutations increased late I Na with the greatest amplitude in the M1652R channel (n = 9-15, P < 0.05). MEX caused a hyperpolarizing shift of the steady-state inactivation and delayed the recovery of all three mutant channels. Furthermore, it suppressed late I Na in N1325S and R1623Q to a greater extent compared to that of M1652R mutant channel. Mutations altered the sensitivity of Nav1.5 to MEX through allosteric mechanisms by changing the conformation of Nav1.5 to become more or less favorable for MEX binding. Late I Na inhibitors suppressed late I Na in N1325S and R1623Q to a greater extent than that in the M1652R mutation (n = 4-7, P < 0.05). Conclusion: The N1325S, R1623Q, and M1652R mutations are associated with a variable augmentation of late I Na, which was reversed by MEX. M1652R mutation changes the conformation of Nav1.5 that disrupt the inactivation of channel affecting MEX binding, corresponding to the poor response to MEX. The lidocaine test, molecular modeling, and drugs screening in cells expressing mutant channels are useful for predicting the effectiveness of late I Na inhibitors.

9.
Protoplasma ; 257(6): 1615-1637, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728849

RESUMO

To understand the molecular and physiological mechanism underlying the heat stress in maize, transcriptional and physiological response to heat stress in the heat-resistant Huangzaosi (HZS) and heat-sensitive Lv-9-Kuan (L9K) inbred lines at seedling stage were analyzed and compared at seedling stage. Our results indicated that MDA content of the two inbred lines increased significantly under heat stress; the values of MDA in L9K was significantly higher than that in HZS. The level of SOD, CAT, and POD enzyme activities in HZS was higher than those in L9K for both the heat-treated group and controls. The values of Fv/Fm, qP, and ФPSII reduced by heat stress in L9K were higher than the respective values in HZS. RNA-seq data showed that heat stress induced more heat stress-related genes in HZS (257 heat stress-related genes) than in L9K (224 heat stress-related genes). GO and KEGG enrichment analyses indicated that HZS and L9K changed their physiological and biochemical mechanisms in response to heat stress through different molecular mechanisms. Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis showed that HZS might obtain stronger heat resistance than L9K through a unique transcriptional regulatory network. Our findings provide insights into the molecular networks that mediate the tolerance of maize heat stress and also help us to mine key heat stress-related genes.

10.
J Psychopharmacol ; : 269881120936909, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ketamine produces significant rapid-onset and robust antidepressant effects in patients with major depressive disorder. However, this drug also has transient cardiovascular stimulatory effects, and there are limited data about potential predictors of these cardiovascular effects. METHODS: A total of 135 patients with unipolar and bipolar depression received a total of 741 ketamine infusions (0.5 mg/kg over 40 min). Blood pressure and pulse were monitored every 10 min during the infusions and 30 min after the infusions. Depressive, psychotomimetic and dissociative symptom severity was assessed at baseline and 4 hours after each infusion. RESULTS: The maximum blood pressure and pulse values were observed at 30-40 min during infusions. The largest mean systolic/diastolic blood pressure increases were 7.4/6.0 mmHg, and the largest mean pulse increase was 1.9 beats per min. No significant change in blood pressure and pulse was found in the second to sixth infusions compared with the first infusion. Patients who were older (age⩾50 years), hypertensive and receiving infusions while exhibiting dissociative symptoms showed greater maximal changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure than patients who were younger (age<50 years), normotensive and without dissociative symptoms (all p < 0.05). Hypertensive patients had less elevation of pulse than normotensive patients (p < 0.05). Ketamine dosage was positively correlated with changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Blood pressure and pulse elevations following subanaesthetic ketamine infusions are transient and do not cause serious cardiovascular events. Older age, hypertension, large ketamine dosage and dissociative symptoms may predict increased ketamine-induced cardiovascular effects.

11.
J Affect Disord ; 275: 38-43, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ketamine has shown rapid antidepressant effects in depressed patients. However, the antidepressant and antisuicidal effects of repeated ketamine infusions in patients with treatment-resistant bipolar depression (TRBD) are not known. METHODS: TRBD patients received six intravenous infusions of 0.5 mg/kg ketamine over 40 min on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule during a 12-day period followed by a 2-week follow-up period. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) at baseline and at each follow-up visit. RESULTS: Nineteen patients with TRBD were enrolled in the study, and 16 patients (84.2%) received all six ketamine infusions. After the first infusion, the rates of response and remission were 21.1% (95% CI: 0.9 to 21.2) and 15.8% (95% CI: 0 to 33.9), respectively, and after the sixth infusion, the rates of response and remission were 73.7% (95% CI: 51.9 to 95.5) and 63.2% (95% CI: 39.3 to 87.0), respectively. The average times for nineteen patients who responded and remitted were 9.1 and 12.5 days, respectively. There were large decreases in the scores on the MADRS and the Scale for Suicidal Ideation-part 1 within 4 h after the first infusion, and the decreases were maintained across subsequent infusions. There were no significant increases in dissociative and psychotomimetic symptoms as measured by the Clinician-Administered Dissociative States Scale (CADSS) and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)-4 items, respectively. CONCLUSION: These pilot findings suggest the feasibility of repeated ketamine infusions at subanaesthetic doses for patients with TRBD. Future controlled studies are needed to confirm and expand these findings.

12.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(28): 5354-5358, 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643742

RESUMO

With an iron catalyst playing dual roles as a radical initiator and terminator, we report a selective remote C-H functionalization to access δ-azido sulfonamides through a radical relay process. The reaction of N-fluorosulfonamide furnishes the corresponding products in excellent yields with high regioselective control. The key to success is the highly efficient iron-mediated redox azido transfer to the in situ generated carbon radical. The products provide incentives for drug discovery and ligand designs.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 400: 122974, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593942

RESUMO

Microporous materials exhibit fast CO2 adsorption rate with possible sacrificed capacity, while CO2 chemisorption on metal oxides is remarkable but kinetics and reactive area are critical. In order to adopt the advantages of both microporous sorbent zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) and metal oxide (MO), in this research, magnesium oxide (MgO) and zinc oxide (ZnO) were doped to ZIF-8 (MO@ZIF) using infiltration and calcination processes. The powder X-ray diffraction patterns showed retained ZIF-8 integrity after MO addition. Broad MgO peaks implied well-dispersed nanoparticles, while sharp ZnO diffractions indicated oxide agglomeration, supported by the field emission transmission electron microscope images. ZIF pore size was expanded due to confined MgO without sacrificing the framework porosity. Because of nanoconfinement, the MgO@ZIF-8 room temperature CO2 adsorption, as well as the adsorption rate constant in pseudo-second order model, were two-fold higher than expectation. In addition, the decarbonation temperature in MgO@ZIF-8 was reduced by 40 degrees. In general, it was found that metal oxide nanoconfinement in microporous zeolitic imidazolate frameworks performed improved CO2 uptake, facilitated adsorption kinetics at ambient temperature, and lowered regeneration temperature to release CO2.

14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2616024, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32461972

RESUMO

Oxidative damage is closely involved in the development of doxorubicin- (DOX-) induced cardiotoxicity. It has been reported that tetrandrine can prevent the development of cardiac hypertrophy by suppressing reactive oxygen species- (ROS-) dependent signaling pathways in mice. However, whether tetrandrine could attenuate DOX-related cardiotoxicity remains unclear. To explore the protective effect of tetrandrine, mice were orally given a dose of tetrandrine (50 mg/kg) for 4 days beginning one day before DOX injection. To induce acute cardiac injury, the mice were exposed to a single intraperitoneal injection of DOX (15 mg/kg). The data in our study showed that tetrandrine prevented DOX-related whole-body wasting and heart atrophy, decreased markers of cardiac injury, and improved cardiac function in mice. Moreover, tetrandrine supplementation protected the mice against oxidative damage and myocardial apoptotic death. Tetrandrine supplementation also reduced ROS production and improved cell viability after DOX exposure in vitro. We also found that tetrandrine supplementation increased nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) expression and activity in vivo and in vitro. The protection of tetrandrine supplementation was blocked by Nrf2 deficiency in mice. In conclusion, our study found that tetrandrine could improve cardiac function and prevent the development of DOX-related cardiac injury through activation of Nrf2.

15.
Org Lett ; 22(10): 4006-4009, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367722

RESUMO

The highly efficient copper-catalyzed enantioselective alkynylation of the remote C(sp3)-H bond on linear primary sulfonamides is presented here using a radical relay strategy. The chiral box-copper complex, which is used to recapture the in-situ-generated alkyl radical via a 1,5-HAT strategy, is the key to success, affording the chiral alkynes after a following reductive elimination. A general substrate scope, mild conditions, and excellent regio- and enantioselective control are demonstrated in this method.

16.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 1469-1482, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161499

RESUMO

Purpose: In order to clarify which variants of the MMR gene could provide current "healthy" members in affected families a more accurate risk assessment or predictive testing. Patients and Methods: One family, which meets the criteria according to both Amsterdam I/II and Bethesda guidelines, is reported in this study. The proband and some relatives of the patient have been investigated for whole genome sequencing, microsatellite instability, immunohistochemical MMR protein staining and verified by Sanger sequencing. Results: A heterozygous insertion of uncertain significance (c.420dup, p.Met141Tyrfs) in MSH2 gene was found in proband (III-16) and part of His relatives. The variant was associated with a lack of expression of MSH2 protein (MMR deficient) and high microsatellite instability analysis (MSI) status in tumor tissues of LS patients. In addition, we found that the variant could affect the expression of MSH2 and the response to chemotherapy drugs in vitro. Conclusion: We identified an insertion mutation (rs1114167810, c.420dup, p.Met141Tyrfs) in MSH2 in LS using whole genome-wide sequencing (WGS). We further confirmed that this mutation plays an important role in LS patients of this pedigree based on in vivo and vitro study.

17.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(5): 932-938, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32190630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Generally, hemangiomas do not require surgical intervention; however, cases of large hemangiomas, potentially involving the throat and trachea, necessitate surgical therapy. Here, we present a case of hypopharyngeal hemangioma in an adult that was successfully treated with neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd-YAG) laser. CASE SUMMARY: Laryngoscopic examination of a 61-year-old man demonstrated the presence of a large, submucosal vascular lesion that extended into the epiglottis, left arytenoid cartilage, lateral to the aryepiglottic fold, and pyriform sinus. The lesion was resected and photocoagulated with limited hemorrhage using Nd: YAG laser. The hypopharyngeal hemangioma was completely excised. The patient showed no recurrence of hypopharyngeal hemangioma during the 1.5-year follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Laser therapy is one of the effective tools for treating hemangiomas with rapid, uncontrolled growth or in functional areas, with few side effects and complications. The present case of a male patient with a large hypopharyngeal hemangioma, treated with YAG laser, demonstrates the efficacy of laser photocoagulation in treating cases of hemangiomas, without the risk of bleeding or airway obstruction. The favorable postoperative outcomes demonstrated by our patient with Nd: YAG laser therapy indicate its consideration in the therapy of similar cases.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(12): 14095-14104, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096620

RESUMO

Preparation of reliable, stable, and highly responsive gas-sensing devices for the detection of acetone has been considered to be a key issue for the development of accurate disease diagnosis systems via exhaled breath. In this paper, novel CeO2 nanodot-decorated WO3 nanowires are successfully synthesized through a sequential hydrothermal and thermolysis process. Such CeO2 nanodot-decorated WO3 nanowires exhibited a remarkable enhancement in acetone-sensing performance based on a miniaturized micro-electromechanical system device, which affords high response (S = 1.30-500 ppb, 1.62-2.5 ppm), low detection limit (500 ppb), and superior selectivity toward acetone. The improved performance of the acetone sensor is likely to be originated from the fast carrier transportation of WO3 nanowires, the formation of WO3-CeO2 heterojunctions, and the existence of large amounts of oxygen vacancies in CeO2. The improved reaction thermodynamics and sensing mechanisms have also been revealed by the specific band alignment and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis.

19.
Nano Lett ; 20(3): 2047-2055, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031817

RESUMO

Photonic nanostructures that realize ultrafast switching of light polarization are essential to advancements in the area of optical information processing. The unprecedented flexibility of metasurfaces in light manipulation makes them a promising candidate for active polarization control. However, due to the lack of optical materials exhibiting a fast as well as large refractive index change, photonic metadevices capable of ultrafast polarization switching remain elusive. Here, an ultrathin nonlinear chiral meta-mirror consisting of an array of amorphous silicon (α-Si) split-ring resonators on top of a silver backplane is demonstrated as a feasible platform for picosecond all-optical polarization switching of near-infrared light at picojoule-per-resonator pump energies. This success was made possible by the high-quality-factor resonances of the proposed meta-atoms that enable the mirror to exhibit strong chiro- and enantioselectivity. Experimental results confirm that our meta-mirrors can be used to facilitate high-speed and power-efficient polarization-state modulators.

20.
Planta ; 251(2): 44, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907626

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: In Hordeum vulgare, nine differentially expressed novel miRNAs were induced by colchicine. Five novel miRNA in colchicine solution showed the opposite expression patterns as those in water. Colchicine is a commonly used agent for plant chromosome set doubling. MicroRNA-mediated responses to colchicine treatment in plants have not been characterized. Here, we characterized new microRNAs induced by colchicine treatment in Hordeum vulgare using high-throughput sequencing. Our results showed that 39 differentially expressed miRNAs were affected by water treatment, including 34 novel miRNAs and 5 known miRNAs; 42 miRNAs, including 37 novel miRNAs and 5 known miRNAs, were synergistically affected by colchicine and water, and 9 differentially expressed novel miRNAs were induced by colchicine. The novel_mir69, novel_mir57, novel_mir75, novel_mir38, and novel_mir56 in colchicine treatment showed the opposite expression patterns as those in water. By analyzing these 9 differentially expressed novel miRNAs and their targets, we found that novel_mir69, novel_mir56 and novel_mir25 co-target the genes involving the DNA repair pathway. Based on our results, microRNA-target regulation network under colchicine treatment was proposed, which involves actin, cell cycle regulation, cell wall synthesis, and the regulation of oxidative stress. Overall, the results demonstrated the critical role of microRNAs mediated responses to colchicine treatment in plants.


Assuntos
Colchicina/farmacologia , Hordeum/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Hordeum/efeitos dos fármacos , Hordeum/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA de Plantas/genética , RNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...