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1.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068078

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy. It is of great clinical significance to screen microRNAs (miRNAs) in urine as noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers for MM. METHODS: Urinary miRNAs in MM were performed by Agilent Bioanalyzer 2100 and verified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of abnormal miRNAs for MM. Progression-free survival (PFS) of MM was calculated by Kaplan-Meier. RESULTS: In microarray analysis, twelve down-regulated miRNAs dysregulated in MM. The expression levels of miR-134-5p, miR-6500-5p, miR-548q, and miR-548y were validated. These miRNAs were significantly lower in MM (P < .05), but there was no significant difference between newly diagnosed, relapse, and remission group of MM (P> .05). ROC curve analysis showed that the sensitivity of miR-134-5p, miR-6500-5p, miR-548q, and miR-548y to MM was 91.7%, 100%, 100%, and 91.7%, and the specificity was 66.7%, 75.0%, 75.0%, and 100%, respectively. The four miRNAs were negatively correlated with the total urinary light chain (r = -0.427 P = .030, r = -0.461 P = .018, r = -0.469 P = .016, r = -0.493 P = .011). In addition, miR-134-5p, miR-6500-5p, and miR-548q were positively correlated with serum ALB (r = 0.518 P = .006, r = 0.400 P = .039, r = 0.492 P = .009). The expression level of miRNAs had no significant influence on PFS in MM patients (P> .05). CONCLUSION: The results show that miR-134-5p, miR-6500-5p, miR-548q, and miR-548y are potential noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers for MM.

2.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027042

RESUMO

The diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection globally has relied extensively on molecular testing, contributing vitally to case identification, isolation, contact tracing, and rationalization of infection control measures during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Clinical laboratories have thus needed to verify newly developed molecular tests and increase testing capacity at an unprecedented rate. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to pose a global health threat, laboratories continue to encounter challenges in the selection, verification, and interpretation of these tests. This document by the International Federation for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Task Force on COVID-19 provides interim guidance on: (A) clinical indications and target populations, (B) assay selection, (C) assay verification, and (D) test interpretation and limitations for molecular testing of SARS-CoV-2 infection. These evidence-based recommendations will provide practical guidance to clinical laboratories worldwide and highlight the continued importance of laboratory medicine in our collective pandemic response.

3.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027043

RESUMO

Serological testing for the detection of antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is emerging as an important component of the clinical management of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as well as the epidemiological assessment of SARS-CoV-2 exposure worldwide. In addition to molecular testing for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection, clinical laboratories have also needed to increase testing capacity to include serological evaluation of patients with suspected or known COVID-19. While regulatory approved serological immunoassays are now widely available from diagnostic manufacturers globally, there is significant debate regarding the clinical utility of these tests, as well as their clinical and analytical performance requirements prior to application. This document by the International Federation for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Taskforce on COVID-19 provides interim guidance on: (A) clinical indications and target populations, (B) assay selection, (C) assay evaluation, and (D) test interpretation and limitations for serological testing of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 infection. These evidence-based recommendations will provide practical guidance to clinical laboratories in the selection, verification, and implementation of serological assays and are of the utmost importance as we expand our pandemic response from initial case tracing and containment to mitigation strategies to minimize resurgence and further morbidity and mortality.

4.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027044

RESUMO

Routine biochemical and hematological tests have been reported to be useful in the stratification and prognostication of pediatric and adult patients with diagnosed coronavirus disease (COVID-19), correlating with poor outcomes such as the need for mechanical ventilation or intensive care, progression to multisystem organ failure, and/or death. While these tests are already well established in most clinical laboratories, there is still debate regarding their clinical value in the management of COVID-19, particularly in pediatrics, as well as the value of composite clinical risk scores in COVID-19 prognostication. This document by the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Task Force on COVID-19 provides interim guidance on: (A) clinical indications for testing, (B) recommendations for test selection and interpretation, (C) considerations in test interpretation, and (D) current limitations of biochemical/hematological monitoring of COVID-19 patients. These evidence-based recommendations will provide practical guidance to clinical laboratories worldwide, underscoring the contribution of biochemical and hematological testing to our collective pandemic response.

5.
J Recept Signal Transduct Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019871

RESUMO

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are a demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system based on the involvement of the optic nerve and/or spinal cord. The disease is characterized by high recurrence and disability. NMOSD is mainly diagnosed by AQP4-IgG and MOG-IgG. However, there are still some patients with negative or undetermined double-antibody, and AQP4-IgG and MOG-IgG cannot indicate the clinical disease activity. Therefore, it is urgent to explore interesting biomarkers in serum and cerebrospinal fluid to promote early clinical diagnosis and/or as a target for diagnosis and treatment. This article summarized the research progress in serum and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of astrocytes, neurons, myelin sheath, and other damage after the onset of NMOSD. Besides the value of microglial activation-related proteins in the diagnosis and treatment of NMOSD was prospected, so as to promote the research progress of NMOSD.

6.
J Recept Signal Transduct Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900261

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, with poor prognosis mainly related to metastasis. Fibronectin (FN), a vital component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), has been found involved in tumorigenesis and malignant progression in different types of malignancy. Numerous studies have indicated the distinct expression of FN in various cancers and demonstrated the different functions of FN in the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cancers. Meanwhile, FN isoforms have been extensively used for targeted drug delivery and imaging for tumors. Although a growing number of studies on FN in CRC have been reported, integrated reviews on the relationship between FN and CRC are rare. In this review, we will summarize the association between FN and CRC, including the signaling pathways and molecules involved in, as well as potential diagnostic and therapeutic values of FN for patients with CRC.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886769

RESUMO

Despite recent declines in the incidence of acute otitis media (AOM), more than 5 million cases and 5-6 million primary AOM visits still occur in young children in the United States, resulting in $4.4 billion direct medical costs annually. Our aims in this review are to describe the role of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in the etiology of AOM, discuss the prospect of prevention of RSV-associated AOM through immunization, and suggest future research strategies to assess the impact of immunization on RSV-associated AOM.

8.
Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci ; 57(6): 365-388, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645276

RESUMO

In December 2019, an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown origin was reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Pneumonia cases were epidemiologically linked to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market. Inoculation of respiratory samples into human airway epithelial cells, Vero E6 and Huh7 cell lines, led to the isolation of a novel respiratory virus whose genome analysis showed it to be a novel coronavirus related to SARS-CoV, and therefore named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 is a betacoronavirus belonging to the subgenus Sarbecovirus. The global spread of SARS-CoV-2 and the thousands of deaths caused by coronavirus disease (COVID-19) led the World Health Organization to declare a pandemic on 12 March 2020. To date, the world has paid a high toll in this pandemic in terms of human lives lost, economic repercussions and increased poverty. In this review, we provide information regarding the epidemiology, serological and molecular diagnosis, origin of SARS-CoV-2 and its ability to infect human cells, and safety issues. Then we focus on the available therapies to fight COVID-19, the development of vaccines, the role of artificial intelligence in the management of the pandemic and limiting the spread of the virus, the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on our lifestyle, and preparation for a possible second wave.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Apoptose , Inteligência Artificial , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify potential ALS biomarkers in patients and to evaluate their diagnostic performance using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum. METHOD: We recruited a discovery cohort, comprising 20 ALS patients and 20 controls to screen for potential CSF biomarker, UCHL1, using a Luminex neurodegenerative disease panel. To validate UCHL1's diagnostic performance, we used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to determine the potential for early diagnosis in another cohort comprising 23 CSF and 69 serum ALS samples. Finally, we analyzed its correlation with clinical features. RESULTS: We found significantly elevated levels of CSF-derived UCHL1 in both discovery and validation cohorts (P < 0.05). ROC curves revealed an AUC of 0.8288, with a sensitivity and specificity of 73.91% and 81.25%, respectively, when the cut-off value for UCHL1 was >291.9 pg/mL. A similar result was observed in the serum cohort, with the ALS group exhibiting significantly higher serum UCHL1 levels than the controls (P < 0.05). AUC of the ROC in the serum UCHL1 cohort was 0.7709, with sensitivity and specificity of 61.43% and 79.59%, respectively, when the cut-off value of serum UCHL1 was >15.22 pg/mL. At the early stage CSF and serum UCHL1 were significantly different between ALS patients and controls (P < 0.05). Furthermore, serum UCHL1 levels showed a positive relationship with the burden of UMN and LMN dysfunction, albeit with no statistical significance. INTERPRETATION: Taken together, our findings suggest that ALS patients exhibit significantly elevated CSF- and serum-derived UCHL1. Moreover, our data warrant that UCHL1 displays good diagnostic performance and provide novel options for ALS early diagnosis. However, its prognostic value needs to be further investigated.

10.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-605894

RESUMO

Objectives The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Task Force on COVID-19 conducted a global survey to understand how biochemistry laboratories manage the operational challenges during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Materials and methods An electronic survey was distributed globally to record the operational considerations to mitigate biosafety risks in the laboratory. Additionally, the laboratories were asked to indicate the operational challenges they faced. Results A total of 1210 valid submissions were included in this analysis. Most of the survey participants worked in hospital laboratories. Around 15% of laboratories restricted certain tests on patients with clinically suspected or confirmed COVID-19 over biosafety concerns. Just over 10% of the laboratories had to restrict their test menu or services due to resource constraints. Approximately a third of laboratories performed temperature monitoring, while two thirds of laboratories increased the frequency of disinfection. Just less than 50% of the laboratories split their teams. The greatest reported challenge faced by laboratories during the COVID-19 pandemic is securing sufficient supplies of personal protective equipment (PPE), analytical equipment, including those used at the point of care, as well as reagents, consumables and other laboratory materials. This was followed by having inadequate staff, managing their morale, anxiety and deployment. Conclusions The restriction of tests and services may have undesirable clinical consequences as clinicians are deprived of important information to deliver appropriate care to their patients. Staff rostering and biosafety concerns require longer-term solutions as they are crucial for the continued operation of the laboratory during what may well be a prolonged pandemic.

11.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-605893

RESUMO

Objectives A global survey was conducted by the IFCC Task Force on COVID-19 to better understand how general biochemistry laboratories manage the pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical processes to mitigate biohazard risks during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods An electronic survey was developed to record the general characteristics of the laboratory, as well as the pre-analytical, analytical, post-analytical and operational practices of biochemistry laboratories that are managing clinical samples of patients with COVID-19. Results A total of 1210 submissions were included in the analysis. The majority of responses came from hospital central/core laboratories that serve hospital patient groups and handle moderate daily sample volumes. There has been a decrease in the use of pneumatic tube transport, increase in hand delivery and increase in number of layers of plastic bags for samples of patients with clinically suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Surgical face masks and gloves are the most commonly used personal protective equipment (PPE). Just >50% of the laboratories did not perform an additional decontamination step on the instrument after analysis of samples from patients with clinically suspected or confirmed COVID-19. A fifth of laboratories disallowed add-on testing on these samples. Less than a quarter of laboratories autoclaved their samples prior to disposal. Conclusions The survey responses showed wide variation in pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical practices in terms of PPE adoption and biosafety processes. It is likely that many of the suboptimal biosafety practices are related to practical local factors, such as limited PPE availability and lack of automated instrumentation.

12.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(9): 1441-1449, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32549122

RESUMO

Objectives: The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Task Force on COVID-19 conducted a global survey to understand how biochemistry laboratories manage the operational challenges during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Materials and methods: An electronic survey was distributed globally to record the operational considerations to mitigate biosafety risks in the laboratory. Additionally, the laboratories were asked to indicate the operational challenges they faced. Results: A total of 1210 valid submissions were included in this analysis. Most of the survey participants worked in hospital laboratories. Around 15% of laboratories restricted certain tests on patients with clinically suspected or confirmed COVID-19 over biosafety concerns. Just over 10% of the laboratories had to restrict their test menu or services due to resource constraints. Approximately a third of laboratories performed temperature monitoring, while two thirds of laboratories increased the frequency of disinfection. Just less than 50% of the laboratories split their teams. The greatest reported challenge faced by laboratories during the COVID-19 pandemic is securing sufficient supplies of personal protective equipment (PPE), analytical equipment, including those used at the point of care, as well as reagents, consumables and other laboratory materials. This was followed by having inadequate staff, managing their morale, anxiety and deployment. Conclusions: The restriction of tests and services may have undesirable clinical consequences as clinicians are deprived of important information to deliver appropriate care to their patients. Staff rostering and biosafety concerns require longer-term solutions as they are crucial for the continued operation of the laboratory during what may well be a prolonged pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Laboratórios Hospitalares/organização & administração , Laboratórios Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Temperatura Corporal , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , Desinfecção/estatística & dados numéricos , Mão de Obra em Saúde/organização & administração , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestão de Riscos/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(9): 1433-1440, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32549123

RESUMO

Objectives: A global survey was conducted by the IFCC Task Force on COVID-19 to better understand how general biochemistry laboratories manage the pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical processes to mitigate biohazard risks during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: An electronic survey was developed to record the general characteristics of the laboratory, as well as the pre-analytical, analytical, post-analytical and operational practices of biochemistry laboratories that are managing clinical samples of patients with COVID-19. Results: A total of 1210 submissions were included in the analysis. The majority of responses came from hospital central/core laboratories that serve hospital patient groups and handle moderate daily sample volumes. There has been a decrease in the use of pneumatic tube transport, increase in hand delivery and increase in number of layers of plastic bags for samples of patients with clinically suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Surgical face masks and gloves are the most commonly used personal protective equipment (PPE). Just >50% of the laboratories did not perform an additional decontamination step on the instrument after analysis of samples from patients with clinically suspected or confirmed COVID-19. A fifth of laboratories disallowed add-on testing on these samples. Less than a quarter of laboratories autoclaved their samples prior to disposal. Conclusions: The survey responses showed wide variation in pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical practices in terms of PPE adoption and biosafety processes. It is likely that many of the suboptimal biosafety practices are related to practical local factors, such as limited PPE availability and lack of automated instrumentation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Laboratórios Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gestão de Riscos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo de Espécimes/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 34(9): e23424, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32537767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The practices used to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) could only be carried out around the time of detectable symptoms, and predictive capacity is little. METHODS: LC-MS/MS was conducted to explore overview proteomics for GDM complicated pregnant woman at 16-18 gestation weeks, while normal pregnant for control. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was further applied in an independent cohort of 15 GDM cases and 15 controls for verification. RESULTS: The results indicated that 24 protein expression levels were significantly changed in GDM group samples, and inflammation, oxidative stress, insulin resistance, blood coagulation, and lipid homeostasis were associated with GDM. The abnormal expression of CRP and IGFBP2 was verified in the first-trimester maternal plasma in women who subsequently developed GDM. CONCLUSIONS: This study not only identified 24 potential predictive biomarkers for GDM also provided a global overview of protein rearrangements induced by GDM.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9680474, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596401

RESUMO

Background: Animal tissues and tissue-derived biomaterials are widely used in the field of xenotransplantation and regenerative medicine. A potential immunogenic risk that affects the safety and effectiveness of xenografts is the presence of remnant α-Gal antigen (synthesized by GGTA1 or/and iGb3S). GGTA1 knockout mice have been developed as a suitable model for the analysis of anti-Gal antibody-mediated immunogenicity. However, we are yet to establish whether GGTA1/iGb3S double knockout (G/i DKO) mice are sensitive to Gal antigen-positive xenoimplants. Methods: α-Gal antigen expression in the main organs of G/i DKO mice or bovine bone substitutes was detected via a standardized ELISA inhibition assay. Serum anti-α-Gal antibody titers of G/i DKO mice after immunization with rabbit red blood cells (RRBC) and implantation of raw lyophilized bone substitutes (Gal antigen content was 8.14 ± 3.17 × 1012/mg) or Guanhao Biotech bone substitutes (50% decrease in Gal antigen relative to the raw material) were assessed. The evaluation of total serum antibody, inflammatory cytokine, and splenic lymphocyte subtype populations and the histological analysis of implants and thymus were performed to systematically assess the immune response caused by bovine bone substitutes and bone substitute grafts in G/i DKO mice. Results: α-Gal epitope expression was reduced by 100% in the main organs of G/i DKO mice, compared with their wild-type counterparts. Following immunization with RRBC, serum anti-Gal antibody titers of G/i DKO mice increased from 80- to 180-fold. After subcutaneous implantation of raw lyophilized bone substitutes and Guanhao Biotech bone substitutes into G/i DKO mice, specific anti-α-Gal IgG, anti-α-Gal IgM, and related inflammatory factors (IFN-γ and IL-6) were significantly increased in the raw lyophilized bone substitute group but showed limited changes in the Guanhao Biotech bone substitute group, compared with the control. Conclusion: G/i DKO mice are sensitive to Gal antigen-positive xenogeneic grafts and can be effectively utilized for evaluating the α-Gal-mediated immunogenic risk of xenogeneic grafts.

16.
Acta Haematol ; : 1-6, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the F10-coding gene can cause factor X (FX) deficiency, leading to abnormal coagulation activity and severe tendency for hemorrhage. Therefore, identifying mutations in F10 is important for diagnosing congenital FX deficiency. METHODS: We studied a 63-year-old male patient with FX deficiency and 10 of his family members. Clotting and immunological methods were used to determine activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen levels, FX activity, and FX antigen levels. The platelet count was determined. A mixing study was performed to eliminate the presence of coagulation factor inhibitors and lupus anticoagulant. Mutations were searched using whole-exome sequencing and certified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Genetic analysis of the proband identified two single-base substitutions: c.1085G>A (p.Ser362Asn) and c.1152C>A (p.Tyr384Ter, termination codon, caused by the DNA sequence TAA). His FX activity and antigen levels were 1.7% and 408.53 pg/mL, respectively; aPTT and PT were 52.3 and 48.0 s, respectively. One brother had the same compound heterozygous mutations, and his FX activity and antigen levels were 1.3% and 465.47 pg/mL, respectively; his aPTT and PT were 65.2 and 54.5 s, respectively. His mother, another brother, and one sister were heterozygous for c.1085G>A (p.Ser362Asn), and his daughter and grandson (6 years old) were heterozygous for c.1152C>A (p.Tyr384Ter). CONCLUSION: The heterozygous variants p.Ser362Asn or p.Tyr384Ter indicate mild FX deficiency, but the compound heterozygous mutation of the two causes severe congenital FX deficiency and bleeding. Genetic analysis of these two mutations may help characterize the bleeding tendency and confirm congenital FX deficiency.

17.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(7): 1037-1052, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-382089

RESUMO

The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented major challenges for clinical laboratories, from initial diagnosis to patient monitoring and treatment. Initial response to this pandemic involved the development, production, and distribution of diagnostic molecular assays at an unprecedented rate, leading to minimal validation requirements and concerns regarding their diagnostic accuracy in clinical settings. In addition to molecular testing, serological assays to detect antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are now becoming available from numerous diagnostic manufacturers. In both cases, the lack of peer-reviewed data and regulatory oversight, combined with general misconceptions regarding their appropriate use, have highlighted the importance of laboratory professionals in robustly validating and evaluating these assays for appropriate clinical use. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Task Force on COVID-19 has been established to synthesize up-to-date information on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and laboratory diagnosis and monitoring of COVID-19, as well as to develop practical recommendations on the use of molecular, serological, and biochemical tests in disease diagnosis and management. This review summarizes the latest evidence and status of molecular, serological, and biochemical testing in COVID-19 and highlights some key considerations for clinical laboratories operating to support the global fight against this ongoing pandemic. Confidently this consolidated information provides a useful resource to laboratories and a reminder of the laboratory's critical role as the world battles this unprecedented crisis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Biomarcadores , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico/tendências , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Humanos , Laboratórios/tendências , Pandemias , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(7): 1053-1062, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-245500

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the third coronavirus outbreak that has emerged in the past 20 years, after severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). One important aspect, highlighted by many global health organizations, is that this novel coronavirus outbreak may be especially hazardous to healthcare personnel, including laboratory professionals. Therefore, the aim of this document, prepared by the COVID-19 taskforce of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC), is to provide a set of recommendations, adapted from official documents of international and national health agencies, on biosafety measures for routine clinical chemistry laboratories that operate at biosafety levels 1 (BSL-1; work with agents posing minimal threat to laboratory workers) and 2 (BSL-2; work with agents associated with human disease which pose moderate hazard). We believe that the interim measures proposed in this document for best practice will help minimazing the risk of developing COVID-19 while working in clinical laboratories.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Laboratórios , Pessoal de Laboratório
19.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(7): 1053-1062, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396137

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the third coronavirus outbreak that has emerged in the past 20 years, after severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). One important aspect, highlighted by many global health organizations, is that this novel coronavirus outbreak may be especially hazardous to healthcare personnel, including laboratory professionals. Therefore, the aim of this document, prepared by the COVID-19 taskforce of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC), is to provide a set of recommendations, adapted from official documents of international and national health agencies, on biosafety measures for routine clinical chemistry laboratories that operate at biosafety levels 1 (BSL-1; work with agents posing minimal threat to laboratory workers) and 2 (BSL-2; work with agents associated with human disease which pose moderate hazard). We believe that the interim measures proposed in this document for best practice will help minimazing the risk of developing COVID-19 while working in clinical laboratories.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Laboratórios , Pessoal de Laboratório
20.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(7): 1037-1052, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459192

RESUMO

The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented major challenges for clinical laboratories, from initial diagnosis to patient monitoring and treatment. Initial response to this pandemic involved the development, production, and distribution of diagnostic molecular assays at an unprecedented rate, leading to minimal validation requirements and concerns regarding their diagnostic accuracy in clinical settings. In addition to molecular testing, serological assays to detect antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are now becoming available from numerous diagnostic manufacturers. In both cases, the lack of peer-reviewed data and regulatory oversight, combined with general misconceptions regarding their appropriate use, have highlighted the importance of laboratory professionals in robustly validating and evaluating these assays for appropriate clinical use. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Task Force on COVID-19 has been established to synthesize up-to-date information on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and laboratory diagnosis and monitoring of COVID-19, as well as to develop practical recommendations on the use of molecular, serological, and biochemical tests in disease diagnosis and management. This review summarizes the latest evidence and status of molecular, serological, and biochemical testing in COVID-19 and highlights some key considerations for clinical laboratories operating to support the global fight against this ongoing pandemic. Confidently this consolidated information provides a useful resource to laboratories and a reminder of the laboratory's critical role as the world battles this unprecedented crisis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Biomarcadores , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico/tendências , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Humanos , Laboratórios/tendências , Pandemias , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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