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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045201

RESUMO

Li metal has been regarded as one of the most promising anode candidates for high-energy rechargeable lithium batteries. Nevertheless, the practical applications of the Li anode have been hampered because of its low Coulombic efficiency and safety hazards. Here, acid-treated g-C3N4 with O- and N-containing groups are coated on Li foil through a facile physical pressing method. The O- and N-containing groups cooperate to rearrange the concentration of Li ions and enhance the Li ion transfer. Hence, the cycle and rate performances of acid-treated g-C3N4-coated Li electrodes are greatly improved in symmetric cells, which show cycling stability over 400 h at 1 mA cm-2 in ester-based electrolytes and over 2100 h in ether-based electrolytes. As for the Li//LiFePO4 full cells, there is a high capacity retention of 80% over 400 cycles at 1 C. The full cells of Li//S in ether-based electrolytes also exhibit a capacity of 520 mA h g-1 after 400 cycles at 1 C.

2.
Plant Physiol ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907298
3.
Plants (Basel) ; 8(11)2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698739

RESUMO

Limited information is available on the cold acclimation of non-heading Chinese cabbage (NHCC) under low temperatures. In this study, the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) were used to illustrate the molecular machinery of cold acclimation. Compared to the control (Cont), altogether, 89 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in wucai leaves responding to low temperatures (LT). Among these proteins, 35 proteins were up-regulated ((and 54 were down-regulated). These differentially expressed proteins were categorized as having roles in carbohydrate metabolism, photosynthesis and energy metabolism, oxidative defense, amino acid metabolism, metabolic progress, cold regulation, methylation progress, and signal transduction. The fructose, glucose, and sucrose were dramatically increased in response to cold acclimation. It was firstly reported that aspartate, serine, glutamate, proline, and threonine were significantly accumulated under low temperatures. Results of quantitative real-time PCR analysis of nine DEPs displayed that the transcriptional expression patterns of six genes were consistent with their protein expression abundance. Our results demonstrated that wucai acclimated to low temperatures through regulating the expression of several crucial proteins. Additionally, carbohydrate and amino acid conversion played indispensable and vital roles in improving cold assimilation in wucai.

4.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 810, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brassinosteroids (BRs) have a positive effect on many processes during plant growth and development, and in response to various abiotic stressors. Low-temperature (LT) stress constricts the geographic distribution, growth, and development of wucai (Brassica campestris L. ssp. chinensis var. rosularis Tsen). However, there is little information on the global gene expression of BRs under LT stress in wucai. In this study, the molecular roles of 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) after exogenously application, were explored by RNA sequencing under LT conditions. RESULTS: According to the Gene Ontology (GO) term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses, photosynthesis was significantly enriched after spraying EBR under LT. The transcripts encoding the photosystem II (PSII) oxygen-evolving enhancer protein, photosystem I (PSI) subunit, light-harvesting chlorophyll protein complexes I and II, and ferredoxin were up-regulated after the application of EBR. Transcripts encoding several key enzymes involved in chlorophyll biosynthesis were also up-regulated, accompanied by significant differences in the contents of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), porphobilinogen (PBG), protoporphyrin IX (Proto IX), Mg-protoporphyrin IX (Mg-proto IX), protochlorophyllide (Pchl), and photosynthetic pigments. Notably, transcriptional and physiological analyses revealed that under LT stress, plant responses to EBR involved a major reorientation of photosynthesis, as well as porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism. CONCLUSION: This study explored the role of EBR as an LT stress tolerance mechanism in wucai. At the transcription level, LT tolerance manifests as an enhancement of photosynthesis, and the amelioration of porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism.

5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4810, 2019 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641112

RESUMO

Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a long-lasting broad-spectrum plant immunity induced by mobile signals produced in the local leaves where the initial infection occurs. Although multiple structurally unrelated signals have been proposed, the mechanisms responsible for perception of these signals in the systemic leaves are unknown. Here, we show that exogenously applied nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) moves systemically and induces systemic immunity. We demonstrate that the lectin receptor kinase (LecRK), LecRK-VI.2, is a potential receptor for extracellular NAD+ (eNAD+) and NAD+ phosphate (eNADP+) and plays a central role in biological induction of SAR. LecRK-VI.2 constitutively associates with BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE1-ASSOCIATED KINASE1 (BAK1) in vivo. Furthermore, BAK1 and its homolog BAK1-LIKE1 are required for eNAD(P)+ signaling and SAR, and the kinase activities of LecR-VI.2 and BAK1 are indispensable to their function in SAR. Our results indicate that eNAD+ is a putative mobile signal, which triggers SAR through its receptor complex LecRK-VI.2/BAK1 in Arabidopsis thaliana.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(20)2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623239

RESUMO

Light is one of the most important abiotic factors for most plants, which affects almost all growth and development stages. In this study, physiological indicators suggest that the application of exogenous Ca2+ improves photosynthesis and changes phytohormone levels. Under weak light, photosynthetic parameters of the net photosynthetic rate (PN), stomatal conductance (Gs), and transpiration rate (Tr) decreased; the antioxidation systems peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) reduced; the degrees of malondialdehyde (MDA), H2O2, and superoxide anion (O2-) free radical damage increased; while exogenous Ca2+ treatment was significantly improved. RNA-seq analysis indicated that a total of 13,640 differently expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and 97 key DEGs related to hormone, photosynthesis, and calcium regulation were differently transcribed. Gene ontology (GO) terms and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses, plant hormone signal transduction, photosynthesis, carbon metabolism, and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were significantly enriched. Additionally, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis confirmed some of the key gene functions in response to Ca2+. Overall, these results provide novel insights into the complexity of Ca2+ to relieve injuries under weak light, and they are helpful for potato cultivation under weak light stress.

7.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(8): 614-620, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555329

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether C-reactive protein (CRP) is a biomarker of malignant ventricular arrhythmias (MVA) occurring in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients with Global Registry of Acute Coronary events (GRACE) scores < 140. Methods: A total of 1450 NSTEMI patients were included in this study. Hs-CRP blood levels were measured via a turbidimetric immunoassay after confirming the diagnosis of NSTEMI with GRACE scores < 140. Results: Consistent with prior studies, the MVA occurrence rate in our cohort was 6.7%, and patients with MVA exhibited a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (46.1% ± 6.9% vs. 61.5% ± 8.7%, P = 0.032), a higher incidence of Killip classification > 1 (34.1% vs. 24.2%, P < 0.001), an increased surgical revascularization rate (34.1% vs. 9.7%, P < 0.001), and increased mortality (16.5% vs. 5.8%, P < 0.001). Serum hs-CRP levels were higher (P = 0.003) in NSTEMI patients with MVA, and this increase appeared unrelated to other clinical parameters. The C-statistic to discriminate MVA was 0.82 (95% CI: 0.74-0.89). Using receiver operating characteristics analysis, we optimized a cutoff point of 16 mL/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 95% and 61%, respectively; the positive predictive value was 20% and the negative predictive value was 99%. Conclusions: An hs-CRP assay is a potential MVA biomarker in low-risk NSTEMI patients with GRACE scores < 140. If validated in prospective studies, hs-CRP may offer a low-cost supplementary strategy for risk stratification for NSTEMI patients.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(15)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374822

RESUMO

The genotype WS-1, previously identified from novel wucai germplasm, is tolerant to both low-temperature (LT) and high-temperature (HT) stress. However, it is unclear which signal transduction pathway or acclimation mechanisms are involved in the temperature-stress response. In this study, we used the proteomic method of tandem mass tag (TMT) coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to identify 1022 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) common to WS-1, treated with either LT or HT. Among these 1022 DEPs, 172 were upregulated in response to both LT and HT, 324 were downregulated in response to both LT and HT, and 526 were upregulated in response to one temperature stress and downregulated in response to the other. To illustrate the common regulatory pathway in WS-1, 172 upregulated DEPs were further analyzed. The redox homeostasis, photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, heat-shockprotein, and chaperones and signal transduction pathways were identified to be associated with temperature stress tolerance in wucai. In addition, 35S:BcccrGLU1 overexpressed in Arabidopsis, exhibited higher reduced glutathione (GSH) content and reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio and less oxidative damage under temperature stress. This result is consistent with the dynamic regulation of the relevant proteins involved in redox homeostasis. These data demonstrate that maintaining redox homeostasis is an important common regulatory pathway for tolerance to temperature stress in novel wucai germplasm.


Assuntos
Brassica/fisiologia , Termotolerância , Brassica/genética , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Homeostase , Oxirredução , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteômica
9.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 131, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an important cause of premature coronary artery disease (CAD). Prognosis data are lacking in patients with FH and coronary artery disease particularly in the era of widespread statin use. We compared long-term prognosis between patients with and without FH after a coronary event. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 865 patients younger than 40 years of age with CAD were enrolled. FH was diagnosed based on the Dutch Lipid Clinic Network algorithm. Baseline characteristics, coronary angiographic findings and prognosis during median follow-up of 5 (3-8) years were compared between patients with or without FH. RESULTS: Definite or probable FH was detected in 37 patients (4.3%) and possible FH in 259 patients (29.9%). FH was associated with significantly higher prevalence of multi-vessel lesions (p < 0.001) and higher Gensini score (p = 0.008). In the subset of 706 patients for whom follow-up data were available, 127 (18.0%) suffered major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). FH was associated with increased risk of MACCE, independently of age, sex, smoking, body mass index, hypertension or diabetes mellitus (HR = 2.30, 95%CI = 1.09 to 4.84, p = 0.028). CONCLUSIONS: FH is an independent risk factor for MACCE in young patients after a coronary event during long-term follow-up. It is necessary to optimize lipid treatment of patients with FH after a coronary event.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/diagnóstico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/complicações , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/patologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/patologia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Caracteres Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Platelets ; : 1-7, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043110

RESUMO

In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), treatment using ticagrelor demonstrated significant ischemic benefits over clopidogrel; however, it was associated with increased bleeding complications leading to frequent de-escalation to clopidogrel. The objective of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of de-escalation in early and late phase after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We performed a retrospective study of 4678 ACS patients from March 2016 to April 2017 who initially received ticagrelor then de-escalated to clopidogrel and categorized them into Group 1: early phase (1-30 days) and Group 2: late phase (>30 days-1 year) switching groups. The primary efficacy endpoints included cardiovascular death, definite/probable stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction, unplanned revascularization, and stroke. The safety endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium classification 3 or 5 bleeding events within 1 year after PCI. The incidence of switching occurred in 1019 patients; 380 (37.3%) in Group 1 (median 14 days, interquartile range 4-30 days) versus 639 (62.7%) in Group 2 (median 180 days, interquartile range 90-270 days). The ischemic endpoints occurred in 53 (13.9%) patients in Group 1 versus 35 (5.4%) in Group 2 (HR 1.93,95%CI 1.22-3.08, p < .0001). There were no significant differences of major bleeding events (HR 0.91; 95%CI, 0.58-1.43, p = .90) seen between the groups. The main cause for switching between the two groups was due to BARC 1 or 2 bleeding types. Early de-escalation from ticagrelor to clopidogrel during the initial 30 days after ACS was associated with higher risk of ischemic events when compared with switching beyond 30 days.

11.
J Proteome Res ; 18(6): 2478-2492, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038978

RESUMO

Chlorophyll is a vital photosynthetic pigment that plays a key role in plant development, participating in light energy capture and energy conversion. In this study, a novel wucai ( Brassica campestris L.) germplasm with green outer leaves and yellow inner leaves at the adult stage (W7-2) was used to examine chlorophyll metabolism response to cold acclimation. A green leaf wucai genotype without leaf color changes named W7-1 was selected as the control to evaluate the chlorophyll metabolism changes of W7-2. Compared to W7-1, the contents of chlorophyll a (Chl a) and chlorophyll b (Chl b) in W7-2 were significantly reduced at five developmental stages (13, 21, 29, 37, and 45 days after planting (DAP)). An iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis was carried out at 21 and 29 DAP according to the leaf color changes in both of genotypes. 1409 proteins were identified, while 218 of them displayed differential accumulations between W7-2 and W7-1 during the two developmental stages. The differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) mainly assigned to chlorophyll biosynthesis, photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, ribosome metabolism and posttranslational modification. Among these DEPs, NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (PORB) and Mg-protoporphyrin IX chelatase 1 (CHLI1) were the key enzymes participating in chlorophyll (Chl) biosynthesis, which was down-regulated at 21 DAP and up-regulated at 29 DAP in W7-2 compared with W7-1, respectively. The expression analysis of genes of three subunits of Mg-chelatase ( CHLI1, CHLD, and CHLH), Genomes Uncoupled 4 ( GUN4), and Thioredoxin ( TRX3) associated with chlorophyll metabolism also displayed significant down-regulation in W7-2. In particular, PORB showed significant up-regulation in W7-2, significantly affecting chlorophyll biosynthesis. Additionally, differences in chlorophyll metabolism between W7-2 and W7-1 were in terms of altered photosynthesis, carbohydrate, and energy metabolism. We found that the transcription levels of most photosynthesis proteins showed significantly lower levels, and the genes expression level, associated with carbohydrate and energy metabolism, were lower in W7-2 than in W7-1. Therefore, the present study results help understand the physiological and molecular mechanisms underlying leaf coloring responding to cold acclimation.

12.
Se Pu ; 37(4): 412-417, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30977344

RESUMO

The separation of mitiglinide and its three isomer impurities was achieved by reversed-phase ultra-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. An ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 1.8 µm) was used as the stationary phase and water-acetonitrile-n-pentanol (75:25:1, v/v/v; formic acid was added to adjust pH to 1.8) was used as the mobile phase with a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. According to the exact mass and high resolution mass spectrometry fragmentation (Q Exactive), significant differences were observed in the fragment ion abundance in the secondary mass spectra of mitiglinide and its three isomer impurities. Two of these isomer impurities were newly discovered. The possible fragmentation mechanisms of mitiglinide and its three isomer impurities were also deduced. The limit of detection of the developed method was 1 µg/L. The linearity of the developed method was good from the limit of quantitation (2 µg/L) to 10000 µg/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.9999. The relative standard deviation of the peak area was 2.0%. On the basis of these results, the sources of the mitiglinide isomer impurities were discussed. Isomer impurity 1 was degraded at high temperature, while isomer impurities 2 and 3 were determined to be synthetic impurities. In addition, samples of mitiglinide calcium raw materials were analyzed.


Assuntos
Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Isoindóis/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas
13.
Plant Cell Rep ; 38(5): 577-586, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758711

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: We developed a novel Agrobacterium-mediated anther transformation for Wucai in planta, and in this procedure, the male germ line was the predominant target. Wucai (Brassica campestris L.), a variant of non-heading Chinese cabbage, is widely cultured in China and only improved by classic breeding methods. Here, a novel and efficient in planta Agrobacterium-mediated anther transformation method is developed based on the optimization of several factors that affect anther transformation. After optimization, transformation with the manual pollination application led to increased transient GUS expression in anthers (reaching 91.59%) and the transformation efficacies in planta (0.59-1.56% for four commercial cultivars). The stable integration and inheritance of the transgenes were further examined by molecular and genetic analyses. Three T2 transgenic lines presented a segregation ratio of 3:1, which was consistent with the Mendelian feature of a single dominant gene. In addition, the GUS histochemical assay and genetic crossing analysis revealed that the male germ line was the predominant target in this transformation. This optimized transformation system could provide a useful tool for both the improvement of cultivar qualities and investigation of functional genes in Wucai.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genética , Brassica/genética , Brassica/fisiologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/fisiologia , Transformação Genética/genética , Brassica/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Polinização/genética , Polinização/fisiologia
14.
BMC Genomics ; 19(1): 908, 2018 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30541424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wucai (Brassica campestris L. ssp. chinensis var. rosularis Tsen) is a variant of nonheading Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L.), which is one of the major vegetables in China. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) has been used for Wucai breeding in recent years. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of Wucai CMS remains unclear. In this study, the phenotypic and cytological features of Wucai CMS were observed by anatomical analysis, and a comparative transcriptome analysis was carried out to identify genes related to male sterility using Illumina RNA sequencing technology (RNA-Seq). RESULTS: Microscopic observation demonstrated that tapetum development was abnormal in the CMS line, which failed to produce fertile pollen. Bioinformatics analysis detected 4430 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the fertile and sterile flower buds. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed to better understand the functions of these DEGs. Among the DEGs, 35 genes (53 DEGS) were implicated in anther and pollen development, and 11 genes were involved in pollen cell wall formation and modification; most of these showed downregulated expression in sterile buds. In addition, several genes related to tapetum development (A6, AMS, MS1, MYB39, and TSM1) and a few genes annotated to flowering (CO, AP3, VIN3, FLC, FT, and AGL) were detected and confirmed by qRT-PCR as being expressed at the meiosis, tetrad, and uninucleate microspore stages, thus implying possible roles in specifying or determining the fate and development of the tapetum, male gametophyte and stamen. Moreover, the top four largest transcription factor families (MYB, bHLH, NAC and WRKY) were analyzed, and most showed reduced expression in sterile buds. These differentially expressed transcription factors might result in abortion of pollen development in Wucai. CONCLUSION: The present comparative transcriptome analysis suggested that many key genes and transcription factors involved in anther development show reduced gene expression patterns in the CMS line, which might contribute to male sterility in Wucai. This study provides valuable information for a better understanding of CMS molecular mechanisms and functional genome studies in Wucai.


Assuntos
Brassica/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Genes de Plantas , Infertilidade das Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Flores/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ontologia Genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , RNA de Plantas/química , RNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , RNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA
15.
Nanoscale ; 10(40): 19004-19013, 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30198035

RESUMO

High-security deformable energy-storage devices that are mechanically robust, with considerable energy and power densities are becoming desirable for smart wearable electronics. Here, a highly flexible hydrogel-based all-solid-state hybrid supercapacitor was rationally designed and assembled, with unique NiCo2O4@NixCoyMoO4 (x : y = 3 : 1) nanostructures as the electrode, which was bio-inspired by the curling up and relaxation of hedgehogs. The hybrid supercapacitor shows no obvious decay in capacitance during bending to different states, indicating its outstanding flexibility and mechanical stability. The capacitance was still maintained at 92.0% of the initial value, even after continuous bending for 3000 cycles. The highly monodisperse NiCo2O4@NixCoyMoO4 nanostructures releasing stress during bending is responsible for the favorable stability and flexibility. Furthermore, the hybrid supercapacitor displayed outstanding electrochemical performance, with a high specific capacitance of 207 F g-1 at 1 A g-1, a high energy density of 64.7 W h kg-1 at 749.6 W kg-1, and favorable cycling stability (nearly 100% after 10 000 cycles). The flexible hybrid supercapacitor could be charged with a solar cell and served as the power source to light up LEDs. This simple and reliable hybrid supercapacitor, with extraordinary mechanical stability and electrochemical performance, is a promising power source for smart wearable electronics.

16.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 13(1): 260, 2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30167915

RESUMO

ZnO@NiO core-shell heterostructures with high photocatalytic efficiency and reusability were prepared via electrochemical deposition on carbon fiber cloth substrates. Their photocatalytic properties were investigated by measuring the degradation of rhodamine B and methyl orange (MO) under ultraviolet light irradiation. The photodegradation efficiency of the ZnO@NiO heterostructures toward both dyes was better than those of the pure ZnO nanorods and NiO nanosheets. The higher performance could be attributed to the formation of p-n heterojunction between ZnO and NiO. Especially, the ZnO@NiO heterostructure formed upon deposition of NiO for 10 min degraded 95% of MO under ultraviolet light irradiation for 180 min. The high photodegradation efficiency of the ZnO@NiO heterostructures was also attributed to the high separation efficiency of photogenerated carriers, as confirmed by the higher photocurrent of the ZnO@NiO heterostructures (eightfold) when compared with that of the pure ZnO nanorods. Moreover, the high photodegradation efficiency of the ZnO@NiO heterostructures was maintained over three successive degradation experiments and decreased to 90% after the third cycle.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(17): 2025-2031, 2018 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127211

RESUMO

Background: Coronary calcification is a major determinant of stent underexpansion and subsequent adverse events. This study aimed to evaluate the acute- and long-term outcomes of rotational atherectomy (RA) followed by cutting balloon (CB) versus plain balloon before drug-eluting stent implantation for calcified coronary lesions. Methods: From June April 2013 to March 2016, a total of 127 patients with moderately or severely calcified coronary lesions were treated with RA. Patients were divided into two groups according to the balloon type after RA: RA+CB group (n = 75) and RA+plain balloon group (n = 52). Minimal lumen diameter and acute lumen gain were analyzed by quantitative coronary angiography. In-hospital and long-term (>1 year) outcomes were recorded. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to determine the independent predictors of in-stent restenosis. Results: The mean age of the patients was 65.5 years, and 76.4% were men. Total lesion length and minimal lumen diameter at baseline were similar in the two groups. After RA and balloon dilation, the lumen diameter was significantly larger in the RA+CB group than in the RA+plain balloon group (1.57 ± 0.46 mm vs. 1.10 ± 0.40 mm, t = 4.123, P < 0.001). The final lumen diameter was also larger in the RA+CB group compared to that in the RA group (2.81 ± 0.41 mm vs. 2.60 ± 0.25 mm, t = 2.111, P = 0.039). Moreover, patients receiving RA and CB tended to have larger final lumen gain (2.15 ± 0.48 mm vs. 1.95 ± 0.47 mm, t = 1.542, P = 0.132). Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that the strategy of RA+CB was a significant protective factor against long-term (>1 year) in-stent restenosis (hazard ratio: 0.136, 95% confidence interval: 0.020-0.936, P = 0.043). Conclusions: In patients with moderately or severely calcified lesions, a strategy of RA followed by CB before stent implantation can increase lumen diameter and acute lumen gain. This strategy is safe with lower risk of long-term in-stent restenosis.


Assuntos
Aterectomia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Econ Hum Biol ; 29: 17-30, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29413585

RESUMO

We estimate the impact of the Great Recession of 2007-2009 on health outcomes in the United States. We show that a one percentage point increase in the unemployment rate resulted in a 7.8-8.8% increase in reports of poor health. In addition, mental health was adversely impacted. These effects were concentrated among those with strong labor force attachments. Whites, the less educated, and women were the most impacted demographic groups.


Assuntos
Recessão Econômica/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Desemprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 19(2): 286-299, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27868335

RESUMO

DEFORMED ROOT AND LEAVES1 (DRL1) is an Arabidopsis homologue of the yeast TOXIN TARGET4 (TOT4)/KILLER TOXIN-INSENSITIVE12 (KTI12) protein that is physically associated with the RNA polymerase II-interacting protein complex named Elongator. Mutations in DRL1 and Elongator lead to similar morphological and molecular phenotypes, suggesting that DRL1 and Elongator may functionally overlap in Arabidopsis. We have shown previously that Elongator plays an important role in both salicylic acid (SA)- and jasmonic acid (JA)/ethylene (ET)-mediated defence responses. Here, we tested whether DRL1 also plays a similar role as Elongator in plant immune responses. Our results show that, although DRL1 partially contributes to SA-induced cytotoxicity, it does not play a significant role in SA-mediated expression of PATHOGENESIS-RELATED genes and resistance to the virulent bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola ES4326. In contrast, DRL1 is required for JA/ET- and necrotrophic fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea-induced defence gene expression and for resistance to B. cinerea and Alternaria brassicicola. Furthermore, unlike the TOT4/KTI12 gene which, when overexpressed in yeast, confers zymocin resistance, a phenotype of the tot4/kti12 mutant, overexpression of DRL1 does not change B. cinerea-induced defence gene expression and resistance to this pathogen. Finally, DRL1 contains an N-terminal P-loop and a C-terminal calmodulin (CaM)-binding domain and is a CaM-binding protein. We demonstrate that both the P-loop and the CaM-binding domain are essential for the function of DRL1 in B. cinerea-induced expression of PDF1.2 and ORA59, and in resistance to B. cinerea, suggesting that the function of DRL1 in plant immunity may be regulated by ATP/GTP and CaM binding.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/microbiologia , Botrytis/patogenicidade , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/imunologia , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Etilenos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo
20.
Elife ; 62017 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28722654

RESUMO

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) participates in intracellular and extracellular signaling events unrelated to metabolism. In animals, purinergic receptors are required for extracellular NAD+ (eNAD+) to evoke biological responses, indicating that eNAD+ may be sensed by cell-surface receptors. However, the identity of eNAD+-binding receptors still remains elusive. Here, we identify a lectin receptor kinase (LecRK), LecRK-I.8, as a potential eNAD+ receptor in Arabidopsis. The extracellular lectin domain of LecRK-I.8 binds NAD+ with a dissociation constant of 436.5 ± 104.8 nM, although much higher concentrations are needed to trigger in vivo responses. Mutations in LecRK-I.8 inhibit NAD+-induced immune responses, whereas overexpression of LecRK-I.8 enhances the Arabidopsis response to NAD+. Furthermore, LecRK-I.8 is required for basal resistance against bacterial pathogens, substantiating a role for eNAD+ in plant immunity. Our results demonstrate that lectin receptors can potentially function as eNAD+-binding receptors and provide direct evidence for eNAD+ being an endogenous signaling molecule in plants.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , NAD/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Arabidopsis/imunologia , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética
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