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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 139: 104592, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414098

RESUMO

Pulmonary collectins have been reported to bind carbohydrates on pathogens and inhibit infection by agglutination, neutralization, and opsonization. In this study, surfactant protein A (SP-A) was identified from goose lung and characterized at expression- and agglutination-functional levels. The deduced amino acid sequence of goose surfactant protein A (gSP-A) has two characteristic structures: a shorter, collagen-like region and a carbohydrate recognition domain. The latter contains two conserved motifs in its Ca2+-binding site: EPN (Glu-Pro-Asn) and WND (Trp-Asn-Asp). Expression analysis using qRT-PCR and fluorescence IHC revealed that gSP-A was highly expressed in the air sac and present in several other tissues, including the lung and trachea. We went on to produce recombinant gSP-A (RgSP-A) using a baculovirus/insect cell system and purified using a Ni2+ affinity column. A biological activity assay showed that all bacterial strains tested in this study were aggregated by RgSP-A, but only Escherichia coli AE17 (E. coli AE17, O2) and E. coli AE158 (O78) were susceptible to RgSP-A-mediated growth inhibition at 2-6 h. Moreover, the swarming motility of the two bacterial strains were weakened with increasing RgSP-A concentration, and their membrane permeability was compromised at 3 h, as determined by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. Therefore, RgSP-A is capable of reducing bacterial viability of E. coli O2 and O78 via an aggregation-dependent mechanism which involves decreasing motility and increasing the bacterial membrane permeability. These data will facilitate detailed studies into the role of gSP-A in innate immune defense as well as for development of antibacterial agents.

2.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702221128573, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36426712

RESUMO

Immune-mediated hepatitis is marked by liver inflammation characterized by immune cell infiltration, chemokine/cytokine production, and hepatocyte injury. C-X3C motif receptor 1 (CX3CR1), as the receptor of chemokine C-X3C motif ligand 1 (CX3CL1)/fractalkine, is mainly expressed on immune cells including monocytes and T cells. Previous studies have shown that CX3CR1 protects against liver fibrosis, but the exact role of CX3CL1/CX3CR1 in acute immune-mediated hepatitis remains unknown. Here, we investigate the role of the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis in immune-mediated hepatitis using concanavalin A (ConA)-induced liver injury model in CX3CR1-deficient (Cx3cr1-/-) mice. We observed that Cx3cr1-/- mice had severe liver injury and increased pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α], interferon-gamma [IFN-γ], interleukin-1 beta [IL-1ß], and IL-6) in serum and liver compared to wild-type (Cx3cr1+/+) mice after ConA injection. The deficiency of CX3CR1 did not affect ConA-induced immune cell infiltration in liver but led to elevated production of TNF-α in macrophages as well as IFN-γ in T cells after ConA treatment. On the contrary, exogenous CX3CL1 attenuated ConA-induced cytokine production in wild type, but not CX3CR1-deficient macrophages and T cells. Furthermore, in vitro results showed that CX3CR1 deficiency promoted the pro-inflammatory cytokine expression by increasing the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 (p-NF-κB p65). Finally, pre-treatment of p-NF-κB p65 inhibitor, resveratrol, attenuated ConA-induced liver injury and inflammatory responses, especially in Cx3cr1-/- mice. In conclusion, our data show that the deficiency of CX3CR1 promotes pro-inflammatory cytokine production in macrophages and T cells by enhancing the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65, which exacerbates liver injury in ConA-induced hepatitis.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 992587, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275830

RESUMO

Introduction: Myopia is the most common visual disorder in school-aged children and adolescents worldwide. This study aimed to explore the ocular biometric characteristics of children aged 6-14 years from the Wenzhou optometry center and to determine the relationship between spherical equivalent refraction (SER) and macular pigment optical density (MPOD). Subjects and methods: Participants underwent a full-scale ophthalmic examination anteriorly and posteriorly. Relevant parameters were documented, such as axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), SER and lens thickness (LT), corneal curvature radius (CCR), and MPOD. Lens power (LP) was calculated using Bennett's formula. Shapiro-Wilk tests and histograms were used to check the normality of the distribution of refractive and ocular biometric parameters. Scatter diagrams were adopted to analyze the relationships between refraction and parameters of ocular biometry. Multiple linear regression models were employed to fit the associated factors of AL, AL/CCR, and LP. Results: A total of 902 mild hyperopia to mild myopia (+3.00 D ≤ SE ≤ -3.00 D) children aged 6-14 years were included. The mean age of participants was 10.03 ± 2.47 years, and the prevalence of mild hyperopia, emmetropia, and myopia was 5.65, 27.05, and 67.30%, respectively. The prevalence of mild myopia increased from 30.53% at 6 years of age to 93.62% at 14 years of age. Overall, AL, ACD, and AL/CCR increased, but LP declined from 6 to 14 years of age, whereas CCR and MPOD remained stable. An increase of 1 mm in AL was associated with -0.69 D of myopic change. A unit increase in AL/CCR was associated with -7.87 D in SER. As for the SER variance, AL explained 30.5% and AL/CCR explained 51.1%, whereas AL/CCR and LP accounted for 59.2%. Discussion: In this work, we have studied the distributions of ocular biometric characteristics of mild hyperopia to mild myopia children from the perspective of an optometry center rather than a sampling survey. In addition, we found that children from the optometry center had a slower progression toward myopia than those from previous sampling surveys, which was an informative finding for future myopia prevention. In addition, we have made a correlation analysis between the macular pigment optical density and spherical equivalent refraction. Though, no correlation was found.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 991423, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36304187

RESUMO

Purpose: Hyperopic anisometropia is a major cause of amblyopia and may be associated with macular pigment optical density (MPOD) reduction. To explore whether the MPOD changes in hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia, we measured the MPOD using fundus reflectometry in eyes with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia and normal vision. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from January 2017 to June 2017. Forty subjects (25 males and 15 females) between the ages of 6 and 10 years were recruited. The subjects' eyes were divided into two groups: amblyopic eyes (best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) not more than 20/25 or BCVA of two eyes differing by two or more lines) and fellow eyes. All enrolled subjects underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination, including extraocular motility assessment, cover-uncover testing, and refractive error (noncycloplegic), BCVA, axial length (AL), macular foveal thickness (MFT) and MPOD (Visucam® 200, Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Germany). Results: The MPOD of amblyopic and fellow eyes was 0.12 ± 0.03 log units and 0.13 ± 0.04 log units, respectively, with a significant difference (P = 0.026). The MFT of amblyopic and fellow eyes was 241.28 ± 13.95 and 237.13 ± 16.02 µm, respectively, revealing that the MFT was significantly higher in amblyopic eyes than in fellow eyes (P = 0.028). Conversely, there was no correlation between the MPOD and MFT in the two groups. Conclusions: This study is the first to report that the MPOD is decreased in hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia. In this study, no correlation between the MPOD and MFT was found. In the future, factors that induce a decrease in the MPOD in eyes with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia should be explored in a large-sample study with follow-up observation.

5.
EBioMedicine ; 82: 104161, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35841873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ocular diseases may exhibit common clinical symptoms and epidemiological comorbidity. However, the extent of pleiotropic mechanisms across ocular diseases remains unclear. We aim to examine shared genetic etiology in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy (DR), glaucoma, retinal detachment (RD), and myopia. METHODS: We analyzed genome-wide association analyses for the five ocular diseases in 43,877 cases and 44,373 controls of European ancestry from UK Biobank, estimated their genetic relationships (LDSC, GNOVA, and Genomic SEM), and identified pleiotropic loci (ASSET and METASOFT). FINDINGS: The genetic correlation of common SNPs revealed a meaningful genetic structure within these diseases, identifying genetic correlations between AMD, DR, and glaucoma. Cross-trait meta-analysis identified 23 pleiotropic loci associated with at least two ocular diseases and 14 loci unique to individual disorders (non-pleiotropic). We found that the genes associated with these shared genetic loci are involved in neuron differentiation (P = 8.80 × 10-6) and eye development systems (P = 3.86 × 10-5), and single cell RNA sequencing data reveals their heightened gene expression from multipotent progenitors to other differentiated retinal cells during retina developmental process. INTERPRETATION: These results highlighted the potential common genetic architectures among these ocular diseases and can deepen the understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the related diseases. FUNDING: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61871294), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (LR19C060001), and the Scientific Research Foundation for Talents of Wenzhou Medical University (QTJ18023).


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética , Glaucoma , Degeneração Macular , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Retinopatia Diabética/epidemiologia , Retinopatia Diabética/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/genética , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/epidemiologia , Degeneração Macular/genética , Miopia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Descolamento Retiniano , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
6.
mSystems ; 7(3): e0005822, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35582921

RESUMO

The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has become a severe global public health crisis. Therefore, understanding the molecular details of SARS-CoV-2 will be critical for fighting the virus's spread and preventing future pandemics. In this study, we globally profiled the stability of SARS-CoV-2-encoded proteins, studied their degradation pathways, and determined their correlation with the antibody responses in patient plasma. We identified 18 proteins with unstable half-lives and 6 relatively stable proteins with longer half-lives. The labile SARS-CoV-2 proteins were degraded mainly by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. We also observed a significant correlation between antibody levels and protein half-lives, which indicated that a stable antigen of SARS-CoV-2 could be more effective for eliciting antibody responses. In addition, levels of antiviral antibodies targeting NSP10 were found to be negatively correlated with systemic levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in patients. These findings may facilitate the development of novel therapeutic or diagnostic approaches. IMPORTANCE SARS-CoV-2, the etiological cause of COVID-19, carries 29 genes in its genome. However, our knowledge of the viral proteins in biological and biochemical aspects is limited. In this study, we globally profiled the stability of the viral proteins in living lung epithelial cells. Importantly, the labile SARS-CoV-2-encoded proteins were mainly degraded through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Stable proteins, including spike and nucleocapsid, of SARS-CoV-2 were more effective in eliciting antibody production. The levels of antiviral antibodies targeting NSP10 were negatively correlated with systemic levels of IL-6 in COVID-19 patients.

7.
Molecules ; 27(7)2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408510

RESUMO

The exploitation of mineral resources may cause the environmental release of radionuclides and their introduction in the human trophic chain, affecting public health in the short and long term. A case study of the environmental radiation impact from coal mining and germanium processing was carried out in southwest China. The coal mines contain germanium and uranium and have been exploited for more than 40 years. The farmlands around the site of the coal mining and germanium processing have been contaminated by the solid waste and mine water to some extent since then. Samples of crops were collected from contaminated farmlands in the research area. The research area covers a radius of 5 km, in which there are two coal mines. 210Pb and 210Po were analyzed as the key radionuclides during the monitoring program. The average activity concentrations of 210Pb and 210Po in the crops were 1.38 and 1.32 Bq/kg in cereals, 4.07 and 2.19 Bq/kg in leafy vegetables and 1.63 and 1.32 Bq/kg in root vegetables. The annual effective doses due to the ingestion of 210Pb and 210Po in consumed crops were estimated for adult residents living in the research area. The average annual effective dose was 0.336 mSv/a, the minimum was 0.171 mSv/a and the maximum was 0.948 mSv/a. The results show that the crops grown on contaminated farmland contained an enhanced level of radioactivity concentration. The ingestion doses of local residents in the research area were significantly higher than the average level of 0.112 mSv/a in China, and the world average level of 0.042 mSv/a through 210Pb and 210Po in crop intake, respectively.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Germânio , Adulto , Carvão Mineral , Produtos Agrícolas , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Chumbo , Polônio , Radioisótopos/análise
8.
Eye Vis (Lond) ; 9(1): 1, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the precision of corneal higher-order aberrations measurements after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) using the Sirius Scheimpflug-Placido topographer (CSO, Italy). METHODS: Seventy-five eyes from 75 postoperative subjects were included in this prospective study. Three consecutive corneal aberrometric measurements were obtained with the Scheimpflug-Placido topographer by two experienced operators to assess intra- and inter-observer reproducibility. The within-subject standard deviation (Sw), test-retest repeatability (TRT) and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were calculated. RESULTS: For intraobserver repeatability of anterior and total corneal aberrations, all ICCs were more than 0.922, except for trefoil (0.722 to 0.768). The ICCs of total root mean square (RMS), coma Z (3, ± 1), and spherical aberration Z (4, 0) were over 0.810 while higher-order RMS, trefoil Z (3, ± 3), and astigmatism II Z (4, ± 2) were below 0.634 for posterior corneal surface aberrations. All Sw values for all types of aberrations were equal to or below 0.07 µm. Regarding interobserver reproducibility, all TRT values were no more than 0.12 µm, 0.05 µm, and 0.11 µm for anterior, posterior, and total corneal aberrations, respectively. The ICC values ranged from 0.875 to 0.989, from 0.686 to 0.976 and over 0.834 for anterior, posterior, and total corneal aberrations, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The repeatability of measurements of anterior and total corneal aberrations with the Sirius system in corneas after SMILE surgery was high, except for trefoil. There was some variability in posterior corneal aberrometric measurements. High reproducibility of corneal aberrometric measurements was observed between measurements of both examiners, except for trefoil, with poor to moderate reproducibility.

9.
Adv Mater ; 33(49): e2103801, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623694

RESUMO

A relatively unexplored aspect of noble-metal nanomaterials is polymorphism, or their ability to crystallize in different crystal phases. Here, a method is reported for the facile synthesis of Ru@Pd core-shell nanocrystals featuring polymorphism, with the core made of hexagonally close-packed (hcp)-Ru while the Pd shell takes either an hcp or face-centered cubic (fcc) phase. The polymorphism shows a dependence on the shell thickness, with shells thinner than ≈1.4 nm taking the hcp phase whereas the thicker ones revert to fcc. The injection rate provides an experimental knob for controlling the phase, with one-shot and drop-wise injection of the Pd precursor corresponding to fcc-Pd and hcp-Pd shells, respectively. When these nanocrystals are tested as catalysts toward formic acid oxidation, the Ru@Pdhcp nanocrystals outperform Ru@Pdfcc in terms of both specific activity and peak potential. Density functional theory calculations are also performed to elucidate the origin of this performance enhancement.

10.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 99: 108051, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426110

RESUMO

Hepatic fibrosis represents as a dynamic pathological process characterized by the net accumulation of extracellular matrix in the progression of various chronic liver diseases, including viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, and metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is well-defined to play a central role in the initiation and progression of hepatic fibrosis. However, the activation of HSCs is affected by the complicated microenvironments in liver, which largely attributes to the communication between hepatocytes and multiple tissue-resident cells, including sinusoidal endothelial cells, bile duct epithelial cells, platelets, T cells, B cells, macrophages, natural killer cells, neutrophils, dendritic cells, in the direct or indirect mechanisms. Cellular crosstalk between HSCs and surrounding cells contributes to the activation of HSCs and the progression of hepatic fibrosis. Currently, accumulating evidence have proven the complexity and plasticity of HSCs activation, and further clarification of cellular communication between HSCs and surrounding cells will provide sufficient clue to the development of novel diagnostic methods and therapeutic strategies for hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Comunicação Celular , Células Estreladas do Fígado/imunologia , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/imunologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Animais , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo
11.
Comput Human Behav ; 125: 106968, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334932

RESUMO

With the outbreak of COVID-19, online sharing of rumors about the disease is of growing concern worldwide. Drawing on the stimulus-organism-response (S-O-R) framework, this study aims to explore the impacts of peer condition and peer communication on fear of COVID-19, and the impact of fear of COVID-19 on online rumor sharing behavior, by considering the contingency effect of health self-efficacy. Data from 1167 respondents to an online survey in China were adopted to test our research model. The results indicate that peer communication and peer condition induce fear of COVID-19, and fear of COVID-19 results in online rumor sharing. Fear of COVID-19 mediates the effects of peer communication and peer condition on online rumor sharing. Health self-efficacy alleviates the positive effect of peer communication on fear of COVID-19, and the positive effect of fear of COVID-19 on online rumor sharing. This study advances the literature on online rumor sharing and S-O-R, and provides practical implications to social media users and governments.

12.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 8076-8091, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335981

RESUMO

Rationale: Pulmonary vascular endotheliitis, perivascular inflammation, and immune activation are observed in COVID-19 patients. While the initial SARS-CoV-2 infection mainly infects lung epithelial cells, whether it also infects endothelial cells (ECs) and to what extent SARS-CoV-2-mediated pulmonary vascular endotheliitis is associated with immune activation remain to be determined. Methods: To address these questions, we studied SARS-CoV-2-infected K18-hACE2 (K18) mice, a severe COVID-19 mouse model, as well as lung samples from SARS-CoV-2-infected nonhuman primates (NHP) and patient deceased from COVID-19. We used immunostaining, RNAscope, and electron microscopy to analyze the organs collected from animals and patient. We conducted bulk and single cell (sc) RNA-seq analyses, and cytokine profiling of lungs or serum of the severe COVID-19 mice. Results: We show that SARS-CoV-2-infected K18 mice develop severe COVID-19, including progressive body weight loss and fatality at 7 days, severe lung interstitial inflammation, edema, hemorrhage, perivascular inflammation, systemic lymphocytopenia, and eosinopenia. Body weight loss in K18 mice correlated with the severity of pneumonia, but not with brain infection. We also observed endothelial activation and dysfunction in pulmonary vessels evidenced by the up-regulation of VCAM1 and ICAM1 and the downregulation of VE-cadherin. We detected SARS-CoV-2 in capillary ECs, activation and adhesion of platelets and immune cells to the vascular wall of the alveolar septa, and increased complement deposition in the lungs, in both COVID-19-murine and NHP models. We also revealed that pathways of coagulation, complement, K-ras signaling, and genes of ICAM1 and VCAM1 related to EC dysfunction and injury were upregulated, and were associated with massive immune activation in the lung and circulation. Conclusion: Together, our results indicate that SARS-CoV-2 causes endotheliitis via both infection and infection-mediated immune activation, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of severe COVID-19 disease.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/patologia , Animais , COVID-19/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/imunologia , Células Endoteliais/virologia , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Camundongos Transgênicos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296606

RESUMO

Carbon-supported Pt-M (M = Co, Ni, and Fe) alloy nanocrystals are widely used as catalysts toward oxygen reduction, a reaction key to the operation of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells. Here we report a colloidal method for the in situ growth of Pt-Co nanocrystals on various commercial carbon supports. The use of different carbon supports resulted in not only variations in size and composition for the nanocrystals but also their catalytic activity and durability toward oxygen reduction in acidic media. Among the nanocrystals, those grown on Vulcan XC72 and Ketjenblack EC300J showed the highest specific and mass activities in the 0.1 M HClO4 and 0.05 M H2SO4 electrolytes, respectively. Additionally, the catalysts also showed different durability depending on the strength of the interaction between the nanocrystals and the carbon support. Our analysis demonstrated that the difference in catalytic performance could be ascribed to the distinct effects of carbon support on both the synthetic and catalytic processes.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2276-2286, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047131

RESUMO

The metabolites of salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B in rats were analyzed and compared by ultra-high-perfor-mance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS). After the rats were administrated by gavage, plasma at different time points and urine within 24 hours were collected to be treated by solid phase extraction(SPE), then they were gradient eluted by Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) and 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) mobile phase system, and finally all biological samples of rats were analyzed under negative ion scanning mode. By obtaining the accurate relative molecular mass and multi-level mass spectrometry information of metabolites, combined with the characteristic cleavage law of the reference standard and literature reports, a total of 30 metabolites, including salvianolic acid A and B, were identified. Among them, there were 24 metabolites derived from salvianolic acid A, with the main metabolic pathways including ester bond cleavage, dehydroxylation, decarboxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their multiple reactions. There were 15 metabolites of salvianolic acid B, and the main biotransformation pathways were five-membered ring cracking, ester bond cleavage, decarboxylation, dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their compound reactions. In this study, the cross-metabolic profile of salvianolic acid A and B was elucidated completely, which would provide reference for further studies on the basis of pharmacodynamic substances and the exploration of pharmacological mechanism.


Assuntos
Tecnologia , Animais , Benzofuranos , Ácidos Cafeicos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Lactatos , Espectrometria de Massas , Ratos
15.
Foods ; 10(3)2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804726

RESUMO

This work aimed to improve the functional properties of soybean protein isolate (SPI) by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) and develop SPI incorporated yogurt. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the HHP treatment parameters, including pressure, holding time, and the ratio of SPI/water. Water holding capacity, emulsifying activity index, solubility, and hardness of SPI gels were evaluated as response variables. The optimized HPP treatment conditions were 281 MPa of pressure, 18.92 min of holding time, and 1:8.33 of SPI/water ratio. Water and oil holding capacity, emulsifying activity, and stability of SPI at different pH were improved. Additionally, relative lipoxygenase (LOX) activity of HHP treated SPI (HHP-SPI) was decreased 67.55 ± 5.73%, but sulphydryl group content of HHP-SPI was increased 12.77%, respectively. When incorporating 8% of SPI and HHP-SPI into yogurt, the water holding capacity and rheological properties of yogurt were improved in comparison with yogurt made of milk powders. Moreover, HHP-SPI incorporated yogurt appeared better color and flavor.

16.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(8): 681-685, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the enzyme activity of neuraminidase 1 (Neu1) on the biological behavior of prostate cancer PC3 and DU145 cell lines. METHODS: We detected the expression of Neul in the prostate cancer PC3 and DU145 cell lines by Western blot. Using sialidase inhibitors and antibody blocking, we suppressed the enzyme activity of Neu1 and then measured the proliferation and invasiveness of the two cell lines by CCK-8 and Transwell assay, respectively. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found in the Neu1 expression between the PC3 and DU145 cell lines. The proliferation and invasiveness of the two types of cells were both increased after inhibition of the Neu1 enzyme activity. CONCLUSIONS: The enzyme activity of Neu1 is correlated with the biological behavior of prostate cancer PC3 and DU145 cells and capable of inhibiting the proliferation and invasiveness of the two types of cells.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neuraminidase/fisiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/enzimologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Inorg Chem ; 59(23): 17134-17142, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164506

RESUMO

Metal and nitrogen codoped carbon (M-Nx/C) materials with good metal dispersion in a carbon matrix have attracted great attention because they can efficiently catalyze various kinds of chemical/electrochemical reactions. However, the existing strategies for preparing M-Nx/C materials still face the challenge of metal site aggregation when the carbon skeleton in the precursor is substantially lost during pyrolysis. Herein, we propose a general strategy that the increase of metal site density and inhibition of metal aggregation could be realized by separating M-N4 units in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The metal sites can be well separated and distributed in carbon materials during the pyrolysis of a metal-coordinated block copolymer, one of the specific MOFs. The strategy can be widely applicable for the synthesis of M-Nx/C materials with dense metal sites, such as Fe-, Mn-, Ni-, and Co-Nx/C materials, which are potentially used as the efficient catalysts for various kinds of reactions. Taking Fe-Nx/C as a model oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalyst, it shows the ORR half-wave potentials of 0.90 and 0.81 V vs RHE in alkaline and acidic electrolytes, respectively.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 49(44): 15739-15749, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146181

RESUMO

The novel multidentate chelating ligands N'-(2-pyridylmethylidene)-2-(2-pyridylmethylideneamino)benzohydrazide (Hpphz) and N'-(2-salicylmethylidene)-2-(2-salicylmethylideneamino)benzohydrazide (H3sshz), which incorporate both amine and acylhydrazine Schiff base groups, were synthesized and investigated in DyIII coordination chemistry. The reactions of Hpphz and Dy(OAc)3·4H2O have yielded two {Dy2} featuring double OAc- bridges: [Dy2(H2aphz)2(OAc)4(ROH)2] [R = Me (1) and Et (2)], where the Hpphz ligands were in situ hydrolyzed into 2-amino-(2-pyridylmethylideneamino)benzohydrazide ions (H2aphz-). Besides, the reaction between H3sshz and Dy(NO)3·6H2O afforded a [Dy6(sshz)4(µ3-OH)4(µ4-O)(MeOH)4]2·17.5MeOH·2H2O cluster (3). This cluster contained two discrete {Dy6} cores, each of which consisted of a pair of {Dy3} triangular units. All the complexes displayed a single relaxation process of single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviors under a zero dc field. Both 1 and 2 showed field-induced dual magnetic-relaxation behaviors. However, their diluted samples (1@Y and 2@Y) only showed one-step relaxation behaviors whether under a zero or applied dc field, indicating that the dual magnetic-relaxation behaviors of 1 and 2 were absent after the dilution. Combined with ab initio calculations, it could be infered that the dual magnetic-relaxation behaviors of 1 and 2 might be ascribled to the joint contributions of the single ion anisotropy and magnetic interactions. Examples of this type are rather rare in previous studies. Ab initio calculations also suggested that the discrepancy between the relaxation processes of 1 and 2 may be caused by the small difference between their magnetic interactions.

19.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 13(9): 1459-1466, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32953587

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the topographic distribution features of choroidal thickness (CT) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT), and determine the relationship between CT and ocular parameters in school-aged children. METHODS: The healthy school-aged children with low ametropia or emmetropia in Wenzhou were recruited for this cross-sectional study. With high-density optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT) combined with MATLAB software, the CT and RNFLT values in the macular area were measured at different locations and compared. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate the correlation between CT and ophthalmic parameters, such as spherical equivalent (SE) and the axial length (AL). RESULTS: A total of 279 school-aged children with 8.00±1.35 years of mean age (range, 6-10y) were included. The mean AL was 23.66±0.86 mm. The mean CT in CT-C (264.31±48.93 µm) was thicker than that in CT-N1 (249.54±50.52 µm), and the average CT in the parafoveal region was also thicker than that in CT-N2 (235.65±50.63 µm). The subfoveal CT also varied substantially across refractive errors (P<0.001), and those with myopia (250.59±47.01 µm) exhibited a thinner choroid compared with those with emmetropia (278.74±48.06 µm). CT negatively correlated with AL (y=-21.72x+779.17; R 2=0.1458), and positively correlated with SE (y=15.76x+271.9; R 2=0.0727, OD; y=18.31x+269.8; R 2=0.1007, OS). The average RNFLT was thickest in the peripapillary region (236.35±19.03 µm), the mean RNFLT-S (131.10±15.16 µm) was thicker than the RNFLT-I (128.20±16.59 µm), and the mean RNFLT-T (76.54±11.99 µm) was thicker than the RNFLT-N (64.28±8.55 µm). The variations in the RNFLT between quadrants did differ between those with myopia and emmetropia (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: We establish demographic information for the choroid and RNFLT. These findings provide information that should be considered in future analyses of the CT and RNFLT in OCT studies in school-aged children.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3952-3960, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893594

RESUMO

A method of ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole/electrostatic field Obitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-Exactive MS) was established to comprehensively identify the metabolites of carnosic acid in rats. After oral gavage of carnosic acid CMC-Na suspension in rats, urine, plasma and feces samples were collected and pretreated by solid phase extraction(SPE). Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18 )column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) was used with 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as the mobile phase for the gradient elution. Biological samples were analyzed by quadrupole/electrostatic field Obitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry in positive and negative ion mode. Based on the accurate molecular mass, fragment ion information, and related literature reports, a total of 28 compounds(including carnosic acid) were finally identified in rat samples. As a result, the main metabolic pathways of carnosic acid in rats are oxidation, hydroxylation, methylation, glucuronide conjugation, sulfate conjugation, S-cysteine conjugation, glutathione conjugation, demethylation, decarbonylation and their composite reactions. The study showed that the metabolism of carnosic acid in rats could be efficiently and comprehensively clarified by using UHPLC-Q-Exactive MS, providing a reference for clarifying the material basis and metabolic mechanism of carnosic acid.


Assuntos
Abietanos , Extração em Fase Sólida , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas , Ratos
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