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1.
Am J Surg ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ≥ 3 cm (defined as atypical HCC) is uncommon. We evaluated the characteristics and outcomes of atypical HCC patients underwent liver resection (LR). METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent LR for HCC from 2007 to 2017. Patient characteristics and overall survival (OS) were compared between patients with atypical HCC and patients with typical HCC (moderate-to-undifferentiated HCC ≥ 3 cm). RESULTS: Among 598 patients, 51 (8.5%) had atypical HCC. Patients with atypical HCC had higher rates of non-hepatitis B or C infections (p = 0.02) and American Joint Committee on Cancer T1 pathology (p < 0.001), a lower rate of alpha-fetoprotein >20 ng/ml (p < 0.001) and a longer OS (p < 0.001) than those with typical HCC. Multivariate analysis showed that atypical HCC was associated with OS (HR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.27-0.91, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with atypical HCC have a higher rate of non-hepatitis B or C infections and a lower rate of aggressive tumor biologic behavior. Atypical HCC is an independent predictor of OS.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0249194, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system is the most widely applied staging system for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and is recommended for treatment allocation and prognostic prediction. The BCLC guidelines were modified in 2018 to indicate that Child-Pugh A without any ascites is essential for all stages except stage D. This study sought to provide a description of patients with HCC treated at a high-volume liver surgery center in Taiwan where referral is not needed and all treatment modalities are available and reimbursed by the National Health Insurance program. As such, certain variables that could modulate treatment decisions in clinical practice, including financial constraints, the availability of treatment procedures, and the expertise of the hospital, could be excluded. The study further sought to evaluate the adherence to the modified BCLC guidelines. METHODS: This was a retrospective study with prospectively collected data. 1801 consecutive patients with de novo HCC were enrolled through our institution from 2011-2017. RESULTS: There were 302 patients with stage 0, 783 with stage A, 242 with stage B, 358 with stage C, and 116 with stage D HCC. Treatment adhering to the modified BCLC guidelines recommendations was provided to 259 (85.8%) stage 0 patients, 606 (77.4%) stage A patients, 120 (49.6%) stage B patients, 93 (26.0%) stage C patients, and 83 (71.6%) stage D patients. CONCLUSIONS: We reported treatment adhering to the modified BCLC guidelines at a high-volume liver surgery center in Taiwan. We found that non-adherence to the modified BCLC staging system was common in treating stage B and C patients.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247231, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metformin is proposed to have chemopreventive effect of various cancer currently. However, the anti-cancer effect of metformin for diabetic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing liver resection remains unclear. The aim of our cohort study was to assess whether metformin influence the recurrence of HCC. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 857 HCC patients who received primary resection from April 2001 to June 2016. 222 patients were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) from medical record. Factors influence the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: During the follow-up period (mean, 75 months), 471 (54.9%) patients experienced recurrence, and 158 (18.4%) patients died. Multivariate analysis revealed that DM (p = 0.015), elevated AST (p = 0.006), hypoalbuminemia (p = 0.003), tumor number (p = 0.001), tumor size (p < 0.001), vascular invasion (p <0.001), high Ishak fibrosis score (p <0.001), hepatitis B (p = 0.014), hepatitis C (p = 0.001) were independent predictors for RFS. In diabetic patients, only HbA1c>9% (p = 0.033), hypoalbuminemia (p = 0.030) and vascular invasion (p = 0.001) were independent risk factors for HCC recurrence; but the metformin use revealed no significance on recurrence. DM is a risk factor of HCC recurrence after resection. Adequate DM control can reduce the recurrence of HCC. However, the use of metformin does not reduce the risk of HCC recurrence in diabetic patient after initial resection. Hence, metformin may not have protective influences on HCC recurrence in diabetic patients who undergo initial liver resection.

4.
Updates Surg ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687694

RESUMO

Increasing proportions of elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) requiring oncological treatment have been noted. We aim to evaluate the impact of elderly age on outcomes of liver resection (LR) for HCC. This retrospective study enrolled 1004 patients with HCC who underwent curative LR in our institution from 2007 to 2017, dividing them into three groups according to age (18-59 years, n = 461; 60-74 years, n = 447; ≥ 75 years, n = 96). Elderly patients were defined as those ≥ 75 years old. Outcomes were then compared among the three groups, with a multivariate competing risk model used to estimate cause-specific subdistribution hazard ratios (SHRs) for HCC- and non-HCC-related deaths. The OS was significantly lower in the elderly than younger patients. However, recurrence-free survival was similar among the three groups. The cumulative incidence of HCC-related death was similar among the three groups; however, the cumulative incidence of non-HCC-related death was significantly higher in the elderly than younger patients. Moreover, the multivariate analysis showed that elderly age was not an independent variable associated with HCC-related death. However, elderly age was an independent variable associated with non-HCC-related death. The 60-year SHR for non-HCC-related death increased with increasing age. The elderly patients had significantly worse OS after LR than the younger patients, possibly due to the cumulative incidence of non-HCC-related death being significantly higher among the elderly than among the younger patients. Elderly patients should be more stringently selected for LR.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6041, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723365

RESUMO

Curative resection is recommended for patient with early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, the prognosis is limited by high recurrence rate. This study was to investigate liver stiffness (LS) and metabolic factor in prediction of HCC recurrence for patients with early stage HCC who had undergone curative resection. Consecutive patients with suspicion of HCC who had undergone curative resection were prospectively enrolled. Transient elastography was performed to determine LS pre-operatively. The demographics, clinical characteristics and histological findings were recorded. All patients were followed up regularly until recurrence, death or last visit. Ninety-four patients with early stage HCC were enrolled. LS positively correlated with fibrosis stage (r = 0.666). In a median follow-up of 3.2 years, forty patients developed recurrences including 22 recurrences after 1-year post resection. The 5-year cumulative recurrence rate was 44.2%. LS was the independent factor associated with recurrence. Patients with LS > 8.5 kPa had higher 5-year cumulative recurrence rate (59.8% vs 25.1%, p = 0.007). For the prediction of recurrence after 1-year post resection, LS > 8.5 kPa (hazard ratio 2.72) and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) (hazard ratio 1.24) were independent factors in multivariate analysis. Those patients with both LS > 8.5 kPa and HOMA-IR > 2.3 had the highest recurrence rate after 1-year post resection.

6.
Surg Innov ; : 1553350621996972, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of laparoscopic hepatic procedures for the resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intraoperative tumor localization and demarcation remains challenging in comparison to open surgery. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of positive liver segment staining through the super-selective intra-arterial indocyanine green (ICG) administration. METHODS: Eight patients presenting with a single HCC underwent an interventional vascular procedure followed by laparoscopic surgery. A microcatheter was advanced into the hepatic artery branches perfusing the HCC followed by digital subtraction angiography and angiography computed tomography (angio-CT). Patients were then transferred to the operating room, and a laparoscopic hepatectomy was performed under ultrasound guidance. A 5 mL bolus of ICG with a concentration of .125 mg/mL was injected through the microcatheter, and a near-infrared laparoscope was used to detect the fluorescence signal to assess the correspondence between the fluorescence-based demarcation and the intraoperative ultrasound-based demarcation. RESULTS: The duration for the angiography procedure was 32.7 +/- 5.3 min, and it took 242 +/- 118 min from the end of angiography procedure until the start of the surgical procedure. In all cases, the fluorescent liver segment was corresponding to the angio-CT findings. In 6/8 cases, fluorescence imaging was considered helpful in the identification of the resection line. In 3 patients, the resection line was changed according to the positively stained liver segment. CONCLUSION: We successfully demonstrated the feasibility of the super-selective intra-arterial ICG administration for fluorescence-based positive staining of hepatic segmentation during laparoscopic surgery for HCC (NCT04266548).

7.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244939, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A recent study from the United States reported that nearly 12% of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) occurred in patients without cirrhosis. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was the most common liver disease in these patients. We aim to evaluate the characteristics, etiologies, and outcomes of cases of non-cirrhotic HCC in East Asia, where there is a higher prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated non-cirrhotic HCC. METHODS: This retrospective study consecutively enrolled de novo HCC patients managed at our institution from 2011 to 2017. The presence of cirrhosis was assessed by histology; if histology was not available, it was assessed by image study. RESULTS: 2055 patients with HCC were enrolled in this study. Among them, 529 (25.7%) were non-cirrhotic. The non-cirrhotic patients were younger (60.9 vs. 62.5 years, p = 0.006), included a greater proportion of males (78.1% vs. 71.3%, p = 0.002), and had a lower body mass index (24.3 vs. 25.3 kg/m2, p<0.001) than the cirrhotic patients. Among the non-cirrhotic patients, HBV was the most common liver disease (49.0%). The patients with non-cirrhotic HCC had larger tumors (5.9 vs. 4.7 cm, p<0.001), underwent liver resection at a higher rate (66.0% vs. 17.4%, p<0.001), and had better overall survival than the cirrhotic HCC patients (median 5.67 vs. 2.83 years, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Nearly 26% of the HCCs occurred in patients without cirrhosis. HBV was the most common liver disease in these patients, and the survival was better in the non-cirrhotic patients than the cirrhotic patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 60, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, the evidence on the safety and benefits of minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) in elderly patients is still controversy. This study aim to compare the risk and benefit between MIPD and open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD) in elderly patients. METHODS: From 2016 to 2020, we retrospective enrolled 26 patients underwent MIPD and other 119 patients underwent OPD. We firstly compared the baseline characteristics, 90-day mortality and short-term surgical outcomes of MIPD and OPD. Propensity score matching was applied for old age patient (≥ 65-year-old vs. < 65-year-old) for detail safety and feasibility analysis. RESULTS: Patients received MIPD is significantly older, had poor performance status, less lymph node harvest, longer operation time, less postoperative hospital stay (POHS) and earlier drain removal. After 1:2 propensity score matching analysis, elderly patients in MIPD group had significantly poor performance status (P = 0.042) compared to OPD group. Patients receiving MIPD had significantly shorter POHS (18 vs. 25 days, P = 0.028), earlier drain removal (16 vs. 21 days, P = 0.012) and smaller delay gastric empty rate (5.9 vs. 32.4% P = 0.036). There was no 90-day mortality (0% vs. 11.8%, P = 0.186) and pulmonary complications (0% vs. 17.6%, P = 0.075) in MIPD group, and the major complication rate is comparable to OPD group (17.6% vs. 29.4%, P = 0.290). CONCLUSION: For elderly patients, MIPD is a feasible and safe option even in patients with inferior preoperative performance status. MIPD might also provide potential advantage for elderly patients in minimizing pulmonary complication and overall mortality over OPD.


Assuntos
Ampola Hepatopancreática/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Idoso , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 70, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Use of statins is associated with a reduced risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the effect of statin use on HCC recurrence is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of statin use on recurrence after curative resection among patients with HCC. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 820 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage 0 or A HCC who underwent primary resection between January 2001 and June 2016 at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Exposure to statins was defined as use of a statin for at least 3 months before HCC recurrence. Factors that influenced overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: Of the 820 patients, 46 (5.6%) used statins (statin group) and 774 (94.4%) did not (non-statin group). During the mean follow-up of 76.5 months, 440 (53.7%) patients experienced recurrence and 146 (17.8%) patients died. The cumulative incidence of HCC recurrence was significantly lower in the statin group than the non-statin group (p = 0.001); OS was not significantly different between groups. In multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.291; p = 0.010), liver cirrhosis (HR: 1.743; p < 0.001), diabetes (HR:1.418; p = 0.001), number of tumors (HR: 1.750; p < 0.001), tumor size (HR: 1.406; p = 0.004) and vascular invasion (HR: 1.659; p < 0.001) were independent risk factors for HCC recurrence, whereas statin use (HR: 0.354; p < 0.001) and antiviral therapy (HR: 0.613; p < 0.001) significantly reduced the risk of HCC recurrence. The statin group still had lower RFS than the non-statin group after one-to-four propensity score matching. CONCLUSION: Statins may exert a chemo-preventive effect on HCC recurrence after curative resection.

10.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(4): e13945, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive techniques for liver fibrosis diagnosis are very important for clinician especially in high-risk patients for liver biopsy. We further explored the diagnostic accuracy of FibroScan, FIB-4 and aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) in identifying liver fibrosis and assess their predictive role for oesophageal varices in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: In total, 380 patients who underwent surgery for HCC were included based on retrospective study design. Liver fibrosis was pathologically diagnosed using the Ishak scoring system. Liver stiffness parameters were measured using FibroScan. APRI and FIB-4 were calculated. Among those, 121 patients who received oesophagogastroduodenoscopic examination underwent variceal evaluation. RESULTS: For liver cirrhosis diagnosis with FibroScan, the optimal cut-off values for the patients with HCC overall, left HCC and right HCC were 8.85, 11.75 and 8.70 kPa (the accuracy were 78.7%, 78.4% and 79.2%, respectively). They had high areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.84, 0.84 and 0.85. The combined FibroScan, APRI and FIB-4 had very high specificity (more than 92%) for cirrhosis diagnosis. The optimal cut-off liver stiffness values for the diagnosis of varices were all 11.2 kPa. For predicting varices, the optimal cut-off values of FIB-4 and APRI were 2.64 and 0.71, their accuracy were 64.3%-78.4%, 69.4% and 72.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: FibroScan, FIB-4 and APRI have moderate accuracy for liver fibrosis diagnosis and oesophageal varices prediction in patients with hepatoma. This is a study of these non-invasive techniques applied in specific hepatoma patients and with inevitable limitations and need future more studies for validation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
11.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 120(1 Pt 2): 422-428, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Population aging and unequal accessibility of health care are increasingly important in developed countries. One strategy to overcome these issues is utilizing telemedicine, which is recently made possible technologically by the advancement of internet speed, high speed zooming cameras, and the information storages. In Taiwan, the telemedicine is granted legally by the amendment for Taiwan's Physician Act in 2018. METHODS: Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (Kaohsiung CGMH) is the first hospital in Taiwan to provide the telemedicine service connecting to Cheng Kung Branch of Taitung Hospital since Nov 2018. Consultation services from Dermatology, ENT, and Ophthalmology have been delivered in the live-interactive and face to face module every week. RESULTS: Dermatology consultation comprises the majorities. In the first year, there were totally 426 dermatology consultation services. Eczema, fungal infections, and scabies infestation were the three most common diseases in the beginning. The disease diagnosis became more diverse after several months, including some ready-to-treat diseases pending correct diagnosis, such as pediculosis, psoriasis, and urticaria. Coupled with dermoscopic images, diseases such as hair loss, pediculosis capitis, skin tumor, and scabies, were diagnosed promptly. The subjective patient improvement rate was more than 75% year-round and the case closure rate was more than 85% year-round. CONCLUSION: Teledermatology is a promising approach to serve the remote medical-underprivileged regions. The teledermatology is anticipated to help underserved regions, nursing homes, prisons, and in situations with severe pandemic infections, such as COVID-19.


Assuntos
Dermatologia/métodos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Hospitais de Distrito , Hospitais Rurais , Serviços de Saúde Rural/organização & administração , Dermatopatias , Telemedicina/métodos , Dermatologia/organização & administração , Humanos , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/terapia , Taiwan , Telemedicina/organização & administração
12.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228157

RESUMO

Alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) is a common indication for liver transplantation (LT). Alcohol relapse after LT is associated with graft loss and worse prognosis. Over the past 20 years, the number and prevalence of living donor liver transplantations (LDLTs) have increased in Taiwan. The aims of this retrospective study are to analyze the incidence and risk factors of alcohol relapse after LT at a single center in Taiwan. A total of 98 patients with ALD who underwent LT from January 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively evaluated by chart review. Pre-transplant characteristics as well as psychosocial and alcoholic history were used to test the possible associations among the risk factors studied and post-LT alcohol relapse. The incidence of post-LT alcohol relapse was 16.3%. The median duration of alcohol relapse after liver transplantation was 28.1 months (range: 1-89.4 months). The cumulative incidence was 12% and 19% at 1 year and 3 years after LT, respectively. The most powerful risk factors were a pre-LT abstinence period less than 6 months and younger age of starting alcohol. For predicting alcohol relapse, the accuracy rate of abstinence less than 6 months was up to 83.7%. In summary, pre-abstinence period plays a role in predicting post-LT alcohol relapse. Post-LT interventions should be considered specifically for the patients with short abstinence period. Long-term follow-up, patient-centered counseling, and enhancement of healthy lifestyle are suggested to prevent alcohol relapse.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238532

RESUMO

Liver transplantation (LT) is an essential treatment for end-stage alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The patients' psychosocial condition plays a vital role in post-transplantation prognosis. A survey of the candidates' psychosocial wellbeing is necessary before LT. This study aims to investigate the psychosocial characteristics, including the depression degree, family function, alcohol use duration, and alcohol abstinence period, of LT candidates with ALD. In addition, 451 candidates for LT due to ALD were enrolled. They received psychosocial evaluations, including depression scale (Hamilton depression rating scale) and family functioning assessment (adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, resolve (APGAR) index). The test scores were analyzed according to age, alcohol use duration, and alcohol abstinence period. The Hamilton depression rating scale (HAM-D) score and the family APGAR index score differentiated significantly according to the age, alcohol use duration, and abstinence period of the LT candidates. The patients with shorter alcohol use duration tended to have more severe depressive symptoms and poorer family support. The younger patients showed a significantly shorter abstinence period, more severe depression, and poorer family functioning than older patients. The younger ALD patients and patients with shorter alcohol use duration showed an increased severity of depression before transplantation. They need more mental health care over time.

14.
PeerJ ; 8: e10382, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240675

RESUMO

Background: Lenvatinib has been approved for use in the systemic treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib in patients with unresectable HCC who received sorafenib. Methods: A total of 40 patients who received lenvatinib after sorafenib were retrospectively identified: as second line in 20 patients, third line in 10 patients, and fourth line and later lines in 10 patients. The treatment response to lenvatinib was determined in accordance with the guidelines of the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) every 2-3 months after commencement of lenvatinib. Results: Median progression-free survival (PFS) and median overall survival (OS) of the whole population were 3.3 and 9.8 months, respectively. The objective response rate was 27.5%. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that alpha-fetoprotein level >400 ng/mL was an independent prognostic factor of worse PFS and OS. The clinical outcomes of lenvatinib therapy as second-line, third-line, or fourth line and later line treatment were similar, and previous response to sorafenib could predict the response to subsequent lenvatinib. Most adverse events were grades 1-2, and the majority of patients tolerated the side effects. Our study confirms the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib as second-line and later line treatment for patients with unresectable HCC who received sorafenib in clinical practice.

15.
Updates Surg ; 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245549

RESUMO

To determine the optimal cutoff time point of early versus late recurrence relative to post-recurrence survival (PRS) among patients who underwent liver resection (LR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a high-volume liver surgery center in East Asia. This was a retrospective study. Patients who underwent LR for HCC between 2011 and 2018 at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital were enrolled. The optimal cutoff time point to differentiate early versus late recurrence was evaluated relative to PRS. Among 826 patients, 282 (34.1%) of the patients experienced recurrence, with a median time to recurrence of 12.2 months. 6 months was defined as the optimal cutoff time point based on sensitivity analyses relative to PRS. Ninety (31.9%) of the patients developed early recurrence within 6 months, and 192 patients (68.1%) developed late recurrence beyond 6 months. Early recurrence was associated with worse PRS (median PRS, 13.2 versus 48.9 months, p < 0.001), as well as overall survival (OS) (median OS, 16.2 versus 65.4 months, p < 0.001), than late recurrence. Six months was identified as the cutoff time point to differentiate early versus late recurrence among patients undergoing LR for HCC.

16.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A recent study proposed simple classifications of microscopic vascular invasion (MVI): microscopic portal vein invasion (MPVI) and microvessel invasion (MI). We aim to validate these classifications of MVI. METHODS: This retrospective study consecutively enrolled 514 Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage 0, A, and B naïve hepatocellular carcinoma patients who underwent liver resection in our institution from 2011 to 2017. RESULTS: Among these 514 patients, 240 patients were classified as having no MVI at all (designated as no vascular invasion, NVI), 157 patients were classified as having MI only, and 117 patients were classified as having MPVI. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate in the MI-only group was 83.3%, which was not significantly different from that of the NVI group (87.2%), p = .20. Using NVI as a reference, multivariate analysis showed that MI-only is not an independent variable associated with OS. The 5-year OS in the MPVI group was 59.2%, which was significantly lower than those for MI-only (p < .001) and NVI groups (p < .001). Using NVI as a reference, multivariate analysis showed that MPVI is an independent variable associated with OS (HR, 3.12; 95% CI, 1.80-5.40; p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study validate the simple MVI classifications to be clinically useful.

17.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) guidelines were updated in 2012, and a single large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) more than 5 cm was regarded as BCLC stage A rather than B in the updated version. In this study, we sought to re-evaluate the outcomes of patients with HCC who underwent liver resection (LR) within (stage 0 and A) and beyond (stage B and C) the BCLC guideline recommendations of the updated BCLC staging system. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 774 consecutive patients with naïve HCC who underwent LR from 2011 to 2018 at our institution. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of these patients were examined. RESULTS: Of the patients, 606 had BCLC stage 0 or A HCC, and 168 had BCLC stage B or C HCC. The 5-year OS and RFS among the patients within the BCLC criteria for LR were 75.2% and 56.1%, respectively, vs 54.9% and 34.0%, respectively, among the patients beyond the BCLC criteria (P < .001). Alpha-fetoprotein more than 400 ng/mL (hazard ratio = 2.06, 95% confidence interval, 1.31-3.26, P = .002) was the only independent variable associated with recurrence among the patients beyond the BCLC criteria. CONCLUSIONS: LR provided acceptable outcomes among selected patients with BCLC stage B and C HCC.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7290, 2020 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350365

RESUMO

The albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade has been validated as a significant predictor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, there is little information about the impact of postoperative ALBI grade in patients with HCC who are undergoing liver resection. We enrolled 525 HCC patients who received primary resection from April 2001 to March 2017. The impact of the pre- and post-operative ALBI grades on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed by multivariate analysis. During the follow-up period (mean, 65 months), 253 (48.1%) patients experienced recurrence, and 85 (16.2%) patients died. Multivariate analysis revealed that diabetes mellitus (DM) (p = 0.011), alpha-fetoprotein levels (AFP) (p < 0.001), low platelet count (p = 0.008), liver cirrhosis (p < 0.001), and the first year of ALBI grade after resection (p < 0.001) were independent predictors for RFS. Additionally, old age (p = 0.006), DM (p = 0.002), AFP (p = 0.027), and ALBI grade at the first year after resection (p < 0.001) were independent risk factors for poor liver-related survival. Patients with post-operative ALBI grades II/III had older age (p = 0.019), hypoalbuminemia (p = 0.038), DM (p = 0.043), and high stages of pTNM (p = 0.021). The post-operative ALBI grade is better for predicting the outcomes in HCC patients after curative hepatectomy than the pre-operative ALBI grade.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
J Hepatol ; 73(4): 873-881, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32454041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The outbreak of COVID-19 has vastly increased the operational burden on healthcare systems worldwide. For patients with end-stage liver failure, liver transplantation is the only option. However, the strain on intensive care facilities caused by the pandemic is a major concern. There is an urgent need for ethical frameworks to balance the need for liver transplantation against the availability of national resources. METHODS: We performed an international multicenter study of transplant centers to understand the evolution of policies for transplant prioritization in response to the pandemic in March 2020. To describe the ethical tension arising in this setting, we propose a novel ethical framework, the quadripartite equipoise (QE) score, that is applicable to liver transplantation in the context of limited national resources. RESULTS: Seventeen large- and medium-sized liver transplant centers from 12 countries across 4 continents participated. Ten centers opted to limit transplant activity in response to the pandemic, favoring a "sickest-first" approach. Conversely, some larger centers opted to continue routine transplant activity in order to balance waiting list mortality. To model these and other ethical tensions, we computed a QE score using 4 factors - recipient outcome, donor/graft safety, waiting list mortality and healthcare resources - for 7 countries. The fluctuation of the QE score over time accurately reflects the dynamic changes in the ethical tensions surrounding transplant activity in a pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: This four-dimensional model of quadripartite equipoise addresses the ethical tensions in the current pandemic. It serves as a universally applicable framework to guide regulation of transplant activity in response to the increasing burden on healthcare systems. LAY SUMMARY: There is an urgent need for ethical frameworks to balance the need for liver transplantation against the availability of national resources during the COVID-19 pandemic. We describe a four-dimensional model of quadripartite equipoise that models these ethical tensions and can guide the regulation of transplant activity in response to the increasing burden on healthcare systems.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Doença Hepática Terminal , Recursos em Saúde/tendências , Transplante de Fígado , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Betacoronavirus , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Transplante de Fígado/ética , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Inovação Organizacional , Pandemias/ética , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Seleção de Pacientes/ética , Inquéritos e Questionários , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/ética , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/organização & administração , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/tendências , Listas de Espera/mortalidade
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