Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 242
Filtrar
1.
Environ Res ; 207: 112640, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity and ambient air pollution are independent risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), however, the evidence regarding their joint associations on T2DM was sparsely studied in low-middle income countries. METHODS: A total of 38,841 participants were selected from Henan Rural Cohort study which was carried out during 2015-2017. Obesity was identified by body mass index (BMI), WC (waist circumstance), WHR (waist-to-hip ratio), WHtR (waist-to-height ratio), BFP (body fat percent), and VFI (visceral fat index). Three-year averaged-concentrations of NO2, PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 were assessed by using the method of spatiotemporal model incorporated into the satellites data. The independent associations of obesity indicators and exposure to air pollutants on fasting blood glucose (FBG) and T2DM were assessed by generalized linear and logistic regression model, respectively, and their interaction associations on T2DM were quantified by using relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP), and synergy index (S). RESULTS: Positive associations of six obesity measures and four air pollutants with FBG levels and prevalent T2DM were observed. Obese participants measured by BMI plus high exposure to NO2, PM1, PM2.5 and PM10 were related to a 2.96-fold (2.66-3.29), 2.87-fold (2.58-3.20), 2.98-fold (2.67-3.32) and 3.01-fold (2.70-3.35) increased risk for prevalent T2DM, respectively; similarity of joint associations of the other obesity measures and air pollutants on T2DM were observed. The additive associations of different obesity measures and air pollutants with prevalent T2DM were further found. CONCLUSIONS: The synergistic associations of obesity and air pollutants on FBG levels and prevalent T2DM were observed, indicating that obese participants were at high risk for prevalent T2DM in highly polluted rural regions.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988821

RESUMO

Much attention has been paid to the health effects of ambient particulate matter pollution; the effects of gaseous air pollutants have not been well studied. Emergency ambulance calls (EACs) may provide a better indicator of the acute health effects than the widely used health indicators, such as mortality and hospital admission. We estimated the short-term associations between gaseous air pollutants [nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3)] and EACs for all-cause, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases in seven Chinese cities from 2014 to 2019. We used generalized additive models and random-effects meta-analysis to examine the city-specific and pooled associations. Stratified analyses were conducted by age, sex, and season. A total of 1,626,017 EACs were observed for all-cause EACs, including 230,537 from cardiovascular diseases, and 96,483 from respiratory diseases. Statistically significant associations were observed between NO2 and EACs for all-cause diseases, while the effects of SO2 were positive, but not statistically significant in most models. No significant relationship was found between O3 and EACs. Specifically, each 10 µg/m3 increase in the 2-day moving average concentration of NO2 was associated with a 1.07% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.40%, 1.76%], 0.76% (95% CI: 0.19%, 1.34%) and 0.06% (95% CI: -1.57%, 1.73%) increase in EACs due to all-cause, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, respectively. Stratified analysis showed a larger effect of NO2 on all-cause EACs in the cold season [excess relative risk (ERR): 0.33% (95% CI: 0.05%, 0.60%) for warm season, ERR: 0.77% (95% CI: 0.31%, 1.23%) for cold season]. Our study indicates that acute exposures to NO2 might be an important trigger of the emergent occurrence of all-cause, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and this effect should be of particular concern in the cold season. Further policy development for controlling gaseous air pollution is warranted to reduce the emergent occurrence of cardiopulmonary diseases.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; : 152789, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although low temperature and air pollution exposures have been associated with the risk of anxiety, their combined effects remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the independent and interactive effects of low temperature and air pollution exposures on anxiety. METHOD: Using a case-crossover study design, the authors collected data from 101,636 outpatient visits due to anxiety in three subtropical Chinese cities during the cold season (November to April in 2013 through 2018), and then built conditional logistic regression models based on individual exposure assessments [temperature, relative humidity, particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)] and twelve cold spell definitions. Additive-scale interactions were assessed using the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI). RESULTS: Both cold spell and air pollution were significantly associated with outpatients for anxiety. The effects of cold spell increased with its intensity, ranging from 8.98% (95% CI: 2.02%, 16.41%) to 15.24% (95% CI: 6.75%, 24.39%) in Huizhou. Additionally, each 10 µg/m3 increase of PM2.5, PM10, NO2 and SO2 was associated with a 1.51% (95% CI: 0.61%, 2.43%), 1.58% (95% CI: 0.89%, 2.28%), 13.95% (9.98%, 18.05%) and 11.84% (95% CI: 8.25%, 15.55%) increase in outpatient visits for anxiety. Synergistic interactions (RERI >0) of cold spell with all four air pollutants on anxiety were observed, especially for more intense cold spells. For particulate matters, these interactions were found even under mild cold spell definitions [RERI: 0.11 (95% CI: 0.02, 0.21) for PM2.5, and 0.24 (95% CI: 0.14, 0.33) for PM10]. Stratified analyses yielded a pronounced results in people aged 18-65 years. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that both cold spell and air pollution are important drivers of the occurrence of anxiety, and simultaneous exposure to these two factors might have synergistic effects on anxiety. These findings highlight the importance of controlling air pollution and improving cold-warning systems.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 229: 113082, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ambient sulfur dioxide (SO2) has been associated with morbidity and mortality of respiratory diseases, however, its effect on length of hospital stays (LOS) and cost for these diagnoses remain unclear. METHODS: We collected hospital admission information for respiratory diseases from all 11 cities in the Shanxi Province of China during 2017-2019. We assessed individual-level exposure by using an inverse distance weighting approach based on geocoded residential addresses. A generalized additive model was built to delineate city-specific effects of SO2 on hospitalization, hospital expenditure, and length of hospital stay for respiratory diseases. The overall effects were obtained by random-effects meta-analysis. We further estimated the respiratory burden attributable to SO2 by comparing different reference concentrations. RESULTS: We observed significant effects of SO2 exposure on respiratory diseases. At the provincial level, each 10 µg/m3 increase in SO2 on lag03 was associated with a 0.63% (95% CI: 0.14-0.11) increase in hospital admission, an increase of 4.56 days (95% CI: 1.16-7.95) of hospital stay, and 3647.97 renminbi (RMB, Chinese money) (95% CI: 1091.05-6204.90) in hospital cost. We estimated about 6.13 (95% CI: 1.33-11.10) thousand hospital admissions, 65.77 million RMB (95% CI: 19.67-111.87) in hospital expenditure, and 82.13 (95% CI: 20.87-143.40) thousand days of hospital stay could have potentially been avoided had the daily SO2 concentrations been reduced to WHO's reference concentration (40 µg/m3). Variable values in correspondence with this reference concentration could reduce the hospital cost and LOS of each case by 52.67 RMB (95% CI: 15.75-89.59) and 0.07 days (95% CI: 0.02-0.117). CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that short-term ambient SO2 exposure is an important risk factor of respiratory diseases, indicating that continually tightening policies to reduce SO2 levels could effectively reduce respiratory disease burden in Shanxi Province.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Gastos em Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Dióxido de Enxofre/análise
5.
Sex Health ; 18(6): 466-474, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914887

RESUMO

Background Neisseria gonorrhoeae can be cultured from saliva in men with pharyngeal gonorrhoea and could theoretically be transmitted from the pharynx to the urethra when saliva is used as a lubricant for masturbation. In this work, we proposed that saliva use during masturbation may be a potential transmission route of gonorrhoea. Methods We analysed the transmission of Neisseria gonorrhoeae at the oropharynx, urethra and anorectum with mathematical models among men who have sex with men using data from six different studies. Model 1 included transmission routes (oral sex, anal sex, rimming, kissing, and three sequential sex practices). In Model 2, we added saliva use during solo masturbation and mutual masturbation to model 1. Results Model 2 could replicate single site infection at the oropharynx, urethra and anorectum and multi-site infection across six different datasets. However, the calibration of Model 2 was not significantly different from Model 1 across four datasets. Model 2 generated an incidence of gonorrhoea from masturbation of between 5.2% (95% CI: 3.2-10.1) to 10.6% (95% CI: 5.8-17.3) across six data sets. Model 2 also estimated that about one in four cases of urethral gonorrhoea might arise from solo masturbation and mutual masturbation. Conclusions Our models raise the possibility that saliva use during masturbation may play a role in transmitting gonorrhoea. This is an important area to explore because it contributes to the knowledge base about gonorrhoea transmission.

6.
J Psychosom Res ; 153: 110709, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963065

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the association between mask wearing practice and the risk of anxiety symptoms during the COVID-19 epidemic among Chinese students aged 12-18 years old. METHODS: Totally, 386,432 junior and senior high school students were recruited using a cluster sampling method across three cities of Henan Province in China during February 4-12, 2020. Mask wearing practice was defined according to its type and the behavior exhibited in relation to wearing a mask. Presence of anxiety symptoms was determined by Generalized Anxiety Disorder tool (GAD-7). Multiple logistic regression was performed to estimate the association between mask wearing and anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: Among the participants, compared with students who completely adhered to the all the mask wearing practice, students who did not adhere to all the mask wearing practice had 1.97 times more likely to suffer from anxiety symptoms (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.97; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.74-2.22). Furthermore, compared with students who did not know the proper type of mask, students who knew the proper type of mask had a lower risk of anxiety symptoms (aOR = 0.78; 95%CI: 0.76-0.80). Students who adhered to proper behavior of mask wearing was associated with 34% decreased odds for anxiety symptoms (aOR = 0.68; 95%CI: 0.62-0.74). CONCLUSIONS: To conclude, proper mask wearing may be an important attribute that play a significant role in reducing the risk of anxiety symptoms among junior and senior school student. However, since this study is a cross-sectional study, prospective studies are needed to further verify.

7.
Lancet Public Health ; 6(12): e897-e906, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the temporal trend of the disease burden of stroke and its attributable risk factors in China, especially at provincial levels, is important for effective prevention strategies and improvement. The aim of this analysis from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) is to investigate the disease burden of stroke and its risk factors at national and provincial levels in China from 1990 to 2019. METHODS: Following the methodology in the GBD 2019, the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) of stroke cases in the Chinese population were estimated by sex, age, year, stroke subtypes (ischaemic stroke, intracerebral haemorrhage, and subarachnoid haemorrhage), and across 33 provincial administrative units in China from 1990 to 2019. Attributable mortality and DALYs of underlying risk factors were calculated by a comparative risk assessment. FINDINGS: In 2019, there were 3·94 million (95% uncertainty interval 3·43-4·58) new stroke cases in China. The incidence rate of stroke increased by 86·0% (73·2-99·0) from 1990, reaching 276·7 (241·3-322·0) per 100 000 population in 2019. The age-standardised incidence rate declined by 9·3% (3·3-15·5) from 1990 to 2019. Among 28·76 million (25·60-32·21) prevalent cases of stroke in 2019, 24·18 million (20·80-27·87) were ischaemic stroke, 4·36 million (3·69-5·05) were intracerebral haemorrhage, and 1·58 million (1·32-1·91) were subarachnoid haemorrhage. The prevalence rate increased by 106·0% (93·7-118·8) and age-standardised prevalence rate increased by 13·2% (7·7-19·1) from 1990 to 2019. In 2019, there were 2·19 million (1·89-2·51) deaths and 45·9 million (39·8-52·3) DALYs due to stroke. The mortality rate increased by 32·3% (8·6-59·0) from 1990 to 2019. Over the same period, the age-standardised mortality rate decreased by 39·8% (28·6-50·7) and the DALY rate decreased by 41·6% (30·7-50·9). High systolic blood pressure, ambient particulate matter pollution exposure, smoking, and diet high in sodium were four major risk factors for stroke burden in 2019. Moreover, we found marked differences of stroke burden and attributable risk factors across provinces in China from 1990 to 2019. INTERPRETATION: The disease burden of stroke is still severe in China, although the age-standardised incidence and mortality rates have decreased since 1990. The stroke burden in China might be reduced through blood pressure management, lifestyle interventions, and air pollution control. Moreover, because substantial heterogeneity of stroke burden existed in different provinces, improved health care is needed in provinces with heavy stroke burden. FUNDING: National Key Research and Development Program of China and Taikang Yicai Public Health and Epidemic Control Fund.

8.
Sleep Breath ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839464

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association of sleep duration with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural Chinese population. METHODS: A 1:1 matched nested case-control study was performed based on a cohort that had been established in rural communities in Henan Province, China. T2DM patients and healthy controls (550 pairs) were included in this study. RESULTS: Abnormal sleep duration significantly increased the risk of T2DM with an approximate U-shaped association (sleep duration ≤ 6 h, OR = 1.742, 95% CI = 1.007-3.011, P = 0.047; sleep duration 8-9 h, OR = 1.462, 95% CI = 1.038-2.060, P = 0.030) compared with participants with a night sleep duration of 7-8 h, after adjusting for multiple confounders. When stratified by gender, only women were sensitive to shorter sleep duration (OR = 2.483, 95% CI = 1.149-5.366, P = 0.021). Abnormal sleep duration (too short or too long) had adverse effects on homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and blood metabolites, and the effect was more noticeable in people with longer sleep durations. CONCLUSION: In a rural Chinese population, both too short and too long sleep duration increased the risk of T2DM. Especially women with less sleep duration have a higher risk of T2DM. Abnormal sleep also affects the HOMA index and metabolites; the relationship between HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, and LDL-Cholesterol with sleep duration was U-shaped, while fasting plasma glucose, body mass index, waist circumference, and triglyceride levels increased significantly only with longer sleep duration.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787807

RESUMO

Tobacco exposure is the major risk factor for lung cancer. Previous studies have shown that there is a correlation between tobacco consumption and lung cancer mortality, but they do not show a specific trend. This study established the polynomial distributed lags (PDLs) model to explore the distributional lag effect between tobacco consumption and lung cancer mortality by using the lung cancer mortality rate of residents in Henan Province and the annual per capita tobacco consumption data from 1992 to 2016 and adopted dynamic simulation prediction method to predict lung cancer mortality for the next 20 years. We found that per capita tobacco consumption had a 10-year lag effect on lung cancer mortality. The harm of tobacco consumption did not show in the first 4 years, but after a lag of 4 years or more, the lung cancer mortality in men was higher than that in women, with a peak effect occurring 10 years later. The prediction showed that if per capita tobacco consumption was controlled, lung cancer mortality would show a steady decline trend after 10 years. These results suggested that tobacco consumption and lung cancer mortality were asynchronous, with a lag effect of tobacco use on the occurrence of lung cancer.

10.
Psychiatry Res ; 305: 114251, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739953

RESUMO

This study was conducted on elementary school students in Henan Province, China, from February 4th to 11th, 2020, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. The purpose of the study was to examine the prevalence of anxiety among students and identify the related risk factors contributing to anxiety. Demographic information and psychological status were assessed by using self-reported measures. The generalized anxiety disorder tool (GAD-7) and a multiple logistic regression model were used to assess anxiety and identify potential influencing factors. Cross-sectional data indicated that the overall anxiety prevalence was 13.4%. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms was highest among rural primary school students and lowest among city students. Three groups of students in different regions were surveyed, and the prevalence of anxiety symptoms was significantly higher among students with poor knowledge of COVID-19 than among students with good knowledge of COVID-19. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, it was found that location, knowledge, and practice were related to anxiety. This study showed that the prevalence of anxiety symptoms was higher among Chinese primary school students. The influencing factors found in this study may help relevant staff improve the mental health of children during the epidemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Internet , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 592043, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744561

RESUMO

Objectives: The study aimed to explore the association between Ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) among rural population. Methods: This study included 20,683 participants aged 18-79 years from "the Henan Rural Cohort study". Generalized linear and Tobit regression models were employed to explore the associations of ICH with EQ-5D-5L utility scores and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, respectively. Results: The mean EQ-5D-5L utility scores and VAS scores were 0.962 ± 0.095 and 79.52 ± 14.02, respectively. Comparing with poor CVH participants (EQ-5D-5L utility scores and VAS scores: 0.954 ± 0.111 and 78.44 ± 14.29), people with intermediate and ideal CVH had higher EQ-5D-5L utility scores (0.969 ± 0.079 and 0.959 ± 0.099) and VAS scores (80.43 ± 13.65 and 79.28 ± 14.14). ICH scores were positively correlated with EQ-5D-5L utility scores (0.007 (0.004, 0.009)) and VAS scores (0.295 (0.143, 0.446)), respectively. Conclusions: Higher ICH scores is positive associated with better HRQoL in rural population, which suggests that improvement of cardiovascular health may help to enhance HRQoL among rural population.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical activity and vitamin D receptor (VDR) have been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the associations of VDR methylation with T2DM and physical activity remained unknown. We aimed to investigate whether VDR methylation was a link between physical activity and T2DM. METHODS: A 1:1 matching case-control study was designed based on the Henan Rural Cohort Study, including 272 pairs of T2DM patients and nonpatients. Physical activity level was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The high-resolution melt method was applied to determine the methylation level of the promoter region of VDR. The association between physical activity and T2DM was analyzed with a conditional logistic regression model. The effect modification of VDR methylation levels on the association between physical activity and T2DM was conducted. A multivariate correlation analysis model was applied to investigate correlations of VDR methylation with insulin sensitivity. RESULTS: Physical activity level was associated with T2DM risk (crude model: odds ratio [OR] 0.611; 95% CI, 0.416-0.897; adjusted model: OR 0.619; 95% CI, 0.418-0.917). In effect modification analysis, the effects of physical activity on T2DM were stronger for low VDR methylation levels than for high (P = .025). Moreover, VDR methylation levels were associated with insulin (r = -0.089, P = .039) as well as homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (r = -0.098, P = .022). CONCLUSIONS: The methylation status of the VDR promoter is associated with the secretion and sensitivity of insulin. VDR methylation attenuates the association between physical activity and T2DM, indicating that proactively physical activity may reduce the risk of T2DM, especially in people with low VDR methylation level.

13.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(12): 3352-3358, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to investigate the associations of testosterone and androstenedione with coronary heart disease, and the interaction effect of testosterone or androstenedione and age on coronary heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 6178 participants were included in this study. Serum testosterone and androstenedione were detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used to assess the independent effects of testosterone and androstenedione on coronary heart disease. Interactive plots were employed to examine the interaction effects of testosterone or androstenedione with age on coronary heart disease. After adjusting for multiple variables, serum testosterone and androstenedione levels were negatively associated with coronary heart disease in males (tertile 3 vs tertile 1, odd ratio (OR) = 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.33, 0.96), and OR = 0.40, 95% CI (0.22, 0.74)). Per 1 unit increase in ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione was associated with a 24% (OR = 0.76, 95% CI (0.63, 0.91)) and 30% (OR = 0.69, 95% CI (0.55, 0.86)) lower risk of coronary heart disease, respectively. Additionally, the positive association of age with coronary heart disease was attenuated by increasing concentrations of ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione concentration in males. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that serum testosterone and androstenedione were negatively associated with coronary heart disease risk in Chinese rural males. To some extent, this study supports the application of hormone therapy in males with coronary heart disease, which can contribute to reducing the burden of coronary heart disease and related cardiovascular disease.

14.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e052823, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The incidence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and its antimicrobial resistance is increasing in many countries. Antibacterial mouthwash may reduce gonorrhoea transmission without using antibiotics. We modelled the effect that antiseptic mouthwash may have on the incidence of gonorrhoea. DESIGN: We developed a mathematical model of the transmission of gonorrhoea between each anatomical site (oropharynx, urethra and anorectum) in men who have sex with men (MSM). We constructed four scenarios: (1) mouthwash had no effect; (2) mouthwash increased the susceptibility of the oropharynx; (3) mouthwash reduced the transmissibility from the oropharynx; (4) the combined effect of mouthwash from scenarios 2 and 3. SETTING: We used data at three anatomical sites from 4873 MSM attending Melbourne Sexual Health Centre in 2018 and 2019 to calibrate our models and data from the USA, Netherlands and Thailand for sensitivity analyses. PARTICIPANTS: Published available data on MSM with multisite infections of gonorrhoea. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of gonorrhoea. RESULTS: The overall incidence of gonorrhoea was 44 (95% CI 37 to 50)/100 person-years (PY) in scenario 1. Under scenario 2 (20%-80% mouthwash coverage), the total incidence increased (47-60/100 PY) and at all three anatomical sites by between 7.4% (5.9%-60.8%) and 136.6% (108.1%-177.5%). Under scenario 3, with the same coverage, the total incidence decreased (20-39/100 PY) and at all anatomical sites by between 11.6% (10.2%-13.5%) and 99.8% (99.2%-100%). Under scenario 4, changes in the incidence depended on the efficacy of mouthwash on the susceptibility or transmissibility. The effect on the total incidence varied (22-55/100 PY), and at all anatomical sites, there were increases of nearly 130% and large declines of almost 100%. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of mouthwash on gonorrhoea incidence is largely predictable depending on whether it increases susceptibility to or reduces the transmissibility of gonorrhoea.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Gonorreia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Gonorreia/epidemiologia , Gonorreia/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Antissépticos Bucais , Neisseria gonorrhoeae
15.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 244, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous reports regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of hypertensive individuals commonly concentrated on urban population. This study focused on rural population and aimed to explore the influencing factors of HRQoL. METHODS: Date were derived from Henan Rural Cohort study. The HRQoL of participants were assessed via European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) instrument. Tobit regression model and generalized linear model were employed to explore the influencing factors of HRQoL. Another binary logistic regression was utilized to examine the robustness of our results. RESULTS: Among 23,485 rural population, 8128 participants were identified with hypertension. The mean (SD) utility index and VAS score of non-hypertension group were 0.96 (0.09) and 79.66 (14.20), respectively, while in hypertension group were 0.94 (0.14) and 75.88 (15.50), respectively. Pain/discomfort was the most common self-reported problem (23.05%) for patients. Aging and suffering with other diseases were negatively associated with HRQoL among rural patients, while high socioeconomic status and healthy lifestyles corresponded with high HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension did push considerable pressures on patients' HRQoL. Maintaining healthy lifestyles and improving the socioeconomic status of patients were advisable ways to reduce this burden. Trial registration The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , População Rural
16.
Sleep Med ; 87: 233-240, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the present study were to explore independent and interactive associations between night sleep duration, night sleep quality and coronary heart disease (CHD) based on a rural population in China. METHODS: A total of 27,935 participants (11,177 men and 16,758 women) were investigated from the Henan Rural Cohort. Information about sleep was assessed by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Restricted cubic splines and logistic regression were used to estimate the relationship between night sleep duration and quality with CHD. RESULT: Among the 27,935 participants, 1506 participants with CHD were identified. Compared with participants with scores lower than 3, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of participants with score of 3-5, 6-8, ≥9 were respectively 1.42 (1.24-1.63), 1.99 (1.70-2.33), and 2.56 (2.13-3.08) with full adjustment of covariates. Compared with night sleep duration of 7 h, men and women who slept less than 5 h were 1.55 (1.11-2.17), 1.12 (0.59-2.12) and 1.80 (1.20-2.68), after being adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of the total. Moreover, the ORs and 95% CIs of CHD increased with the shortening of sleep duration at PSQI score above the highlighted levels. CONCLUSION: Poor sleep quality and short night sleep duration were all associated with CHD in Chinese rural areas. Moreover, the association was more obvious in women. In addition, the strongest prevalence of CHD was found in short sleepers with poor sleep quality.

17.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(12): 3484-3491, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) play an important role in the energy metabolism. Whether there is a causal relationship between JAK2 methylation levels and obesity remains unclear. Based on the instrumental variables of 5 SNP sites, this study was aimed to explore the causal relationship between JAK2 methylation levels and obesity by Mendelian randomization analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1021 participants (511 cases and 510 controls defined by body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28.0 kg/m2) was conducted from the Henan Rural Cohort study. SNPscan® was performed to test the SNP genotyping and MethylTarget™ was applied to detect the DNA methylation level. The logistic regression model was used to evaluate the associations between SNP or methylation of JAK2 and obesity (according to BMI). Mendelian randomization analysis was used to assess the potential causal association between JAK2 methylation and obesity. According to the logistic regression model, 1 CpG sit in the promotor was related to an increased risk of obesity (P < 0.05). 10 CpG sites in the exon were associated with decreased risk of obesity (P < 0.05). Mendelian randomization analysis showed a causal association between the methylated level of JAK2 and obesity, based on the instrumental variables of 5 SNPs (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study supported that the methylation degree of JAK2 has a complex relationship with obesity, which might be related to the region of methylation. A causal relationship exists between the methylated level of JAK2 and obesity.

18.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(9): 10014-10037, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650679

RESUMO

To date, the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a difficult problem for clinicians. In the present study, we assessed whether ZLN005, a novel peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) agonist, can protect against ischemic AKI in vivo and in vitro. Notably, ZLN005 treatment significantly alleviated Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced tubular injury and reversed the decrease in hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced cell viability by restoring PGC-1α expression in a dose-dependent manner. This beneficial effect of ZLN005 was associated with the preservation of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (MitoFAO) and the alleviation of oxidative stress. Cotreatment with etomoxir, a specific inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1α (CPT-1α) activity, or CPT-1α siRNA abrogated ZLN005-induced antistress responses by mitigating reactive oxygen species production and decreasing apoptosis under ischemia-hypoxia conditions by suppressing MitoFAO. Further studies revealed that activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may be involved in the effect of CPT-1α inhibition observed in vivo and in vitro. Collectively, our results suggest that ZLN005 confers a protective effect on I/R-induced kidney injury by mitigating ER stress through the restoration of MitoFAO by targeting PGC-1α.

19.
J Hypertens ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670995

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the associations of cortisol-to-cortisone ratio (F/E) and 11-deoxycortisol (S) in hypertension and blood pressure among Chinese rural population. METHODS: A total of 6233 participants from the Henan Rural Cohort Study were included. Serum cortisol (F), cortisone (E), and S were assessed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Generalized linear model (GLM) and logistic regression model were performed to assess the associations of F, E, F/E, and S with blood pressure and hypertension. Moreover, the sex specificity of the associations was assessed. RESULTS: Serum F, F/E, and S were positively associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP), while E was negatively associated with SBP and PP. There were no statistically significant associations of F and E with the prevalence of hypertension, while F/E and S were positively associated with hypertension [odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)] of F/E and S were 1.28 (1.13, 1.44) and 1.10 (1.04, 1.17), respectively. Also, the combination of high F/E and S was significantly associated with hypertension. The blood pressure indicators and the prevalence of hypertension increased with an incremental in the serum concentration of F, F/E, and S (all Ptrend < 0.05). In addition, the positive association between F/E and SBP was stronger in women than that in men, and F/E was strongly positively associated with hypertension only in women (all Pinteraction < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Serum F/E and S were positively associated with hypertension and blood pressure. Additionally, their combination has a synergistic effect on hypertension. Moreover, the associations of F and F/E with hypertension and blood pressure were in a sex-specific manner.

20.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4297-4306, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703262

RESUMO

Background: Although the concentrations of progesterone (P4) and 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) have been correlated with some characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MetS), the relationships with MetS are inconclusive. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between P4 and 17-OHP with MetS. Methods: In all, the present study includes 4807 participants. Serum P4 and 17-OHP were measured through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used to assess the independent and combined effects of P4 and 17-OHP on MetS. Results: After adjusting for multiple variables, the positive association of P4 with MetS was observed in postmenopausal women (Third tertiles vs First tertiles: OR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.20-1.86) and the negative association of 17-OHP with MetS was observed in men (Third tertiles vs First tertiles: OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.32-0.58). Compared with the combination of low P4 and low 17-OHP, the combination of high P4 and high 17-OHP were significantly related to MetS in postmenopausal women (OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.18-2.48). Moreover, the combination of low P4 and high 17-OHP was negatively associated with MetS in men (OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.24-0.69). Conclusion: The association between P4 and MetS in postmenopausal women was positive, whereas 17-OHP was negatively associated with MetS in men. Additionally, their combination has a synergistic effect on MetS in postmenopausal women and an antagonistic effect on MetS in men.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...