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1.
Food Chem ; 303: 125379, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446361

RESUMO

In this study, heterologous competitive antigens (HCAs) suitable for improving the sensitivity of ELISA were successfully screened based on their cross-reactivities (CRs) with 19 quinolone analogues; each containing the norfloxacin amino derivative (NOR0) coupled with bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a coating antigen. HCAs prepared with hapten analogues (CRs of 0.77%-49.92%) remarkably enhanced the sensitivity of the subsequent ELISA. ELISA sensitivity for NOR detection improved 26-fold when moxifloxacin-BSA was used as a heterologous coating antigen relative to when NOR0-BSA was used as a homologous coating antigen. This work, therefore, represents a detailed screening method to select suitable heterologous competitive antigens that improve ELISA sensitivity. Secondly, we present new theoretical tools to estimate hapten structures for use in the method, which may also be applied to improve the sensitivity of other immunoassays.

2.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; : 114787, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669718

RESUMO

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) are widely used in the manufacturing of many commercial products. Workers exposed to ZnO particles may develop metal fume fever. Our previous study suggested that the oropharyngeal aspiration of ZnONPs could cause eosinophilic airway inflammation and increase T helper 2 (Th2) cytokine expression in the absence of allergens in mice. ZnO has been used topically as a sunscreen and a therapeutic agent for dermatological conditions. To understand whether inhalation and topically applied ZnONPs might cause or exert an adjuvant effect on the development of allergic airway inflammation in mice, C57BL/6 J mice were exposed to filtered air or 2.5 mg/m3 ZnONPs via whole-body inhalation for 5 h a day over 5 days, and BALB/c mice were topically exposed to ZnONPs using modified mouse models of atopic dermatitis (AD) and asthma. Ovalbumin (OVA) solution was used as an allergen in the topical exposure experiments. A significantly increased eosinophil count and mixed Th1/Th2 cytokine expression were detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) after ZnONP inhalation. However, only mild eosinophilia and low Th2 cytokine expression were detected in the BALF after oropharyngeal OVA aspiration in the high-dose ZnONP topical treatment group. These results suggest that ZnONP inhalation might play a role in the development of allergic airway inflammation in mice. However, topically applied ZnONPs only play a limited role in the development of allergic airway inflammation in mice.

3.
Mol Oncol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670863

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with its ineffective therapeutic options and poor prognosis, represents a global threat. In the present study, we show that RAD52 motif 1 (RDM1), a key regulator of DNA double-strand break repair and recombination, is downregulated in HCC tissues and suppresses tumor growth. In clinical HCC samples, low expression of RDM1 correlates with larger tumor size, poor tumor differentiation and unfavorable survival. In vitro and in vivo data demonstrate that knockdown of RDM1 increases HCC cell proliferation, colony formation and cell population at G2/M phase, whereas RDM1 overexpression results in the opposite phenotypes. Mechanistically, RDM1 binds to the tumor suppressor p53 and enhances its protein stability. In the presence of p53, RDM1 suppresses the phosphorylation of Raf and ERK. Overexpression of p53 or treatment with ERK inhibitor significantly abolishes cell proliferation induced by the depletion of RDM1. In addition, overexpression of methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) markedly induces N6-methyladenosine (m6 A) modification of RDM1 mRNA and represses its expression. Taken together, our study indicates that RDM1 functions as a tumor suppressor and may be a potential prognostic and therapeutic factor for HCC.

4.
Int Heart J ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666451

RESUMO

Few reports have focused on which patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) were not good candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) alone. This single-center study aimed to assess risk factors for moderate or more residual regurgitation within two years after CABG alone for the treatment of moderate chronic IMR to optimize the operation strategy and prognosis.A total of 189 eligible patients were entered into a failure group (n = 108) or an improved group (n = 81) according to whether moderate or more residual regurgitation occurred within two years after surgery. Baseline and surgical characteristics were analyzed, and clinical outcomes were compared between groups.Prior myocardial infarction (MI)/chronic myocardial ischemia and region wall motion abnormality (anterior/inferior-posterior wall) were two independent risk factors for moderate or more residual regurgitation, following CABG alone, for the treatment of moderate chronic IMR (OR = 3.15, 95% CI 1.66-5.75, and OR = 2.45, 95% CI 1.36-4.84, respectively). During a median follow-up of 40 months, compared with the improved group, the failure group was more likely to present with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV and cardiac re-hospitalization (57.4% versus 11.1%, P < 0.001, and 13.9% versus 4.9%, P = 0.043, respectively) and had worse cumulative survival (χ2 = 4.259, log-rank P = 0.039).Patients suffering from moderate chronic IMR secondary to prior MI (rather than chronic ischemia) with anterior wall motion abnormalities (rather than inferior-posterior wall motion abnormalities) may not be good candidates for CABG alone, and may have a poor prognosis after CABG alone.

5.
Nanotechnology ; 31(5): 055702, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671071

RESUMO

Filtering of industrial PM2.5 is a major challenge for global environmental and animal protection. Filtering of materials with excellent thermal stability and other comprehensive performances is required for the removal of fine particles in high-temperature operating industries such as steel, cement, metallurgy, incineration, etc. In this study, a meta-aramid/polysulfone-amide (PMIA/PSA) composite nanofibrous filtration membrane is prepared via solution electrospinning for the development of high-temperature-resistant filtering products. To maximize the merits of each component, PMIA/PSA composite nanofibrous membranes with different mass blending ratios are prepared to determine the optimal balance. It is found that the PMIA/PSA composite nanofibrous membranes show excellent thermal stability and thermal shrinkage performance. They also maintain superb mechanical retention ratios after 200 h treatment at 200 °C. In addition, they exhibit excellent removal efficiency of polystyrene aerosol (PSL) particles of various sizes. It is found that the removal efficiency of PMIA/PSA (3/7) is 96.7% for 0.1 µm, 98.3% for 0.2 µm and 99.6% for 0.3 µm particles and it possesses optimal filtration resistance (79 Pa), while other composite membranes can reach a removal efficiency of over 99.7%. Our experimental results illustrate that the filtration efficiency for PM2.5 of PMIA/PSA (7/3), (5/5) composite nanofibrous membranes is still kept as high as 99.9% even after being treated at 200 °C for 120 h. It indicates that the prepared composite nanofibrous membranes have potential for applications where high-efficiency filtration is desired, such as bag dust filters for use under high temperatures.

6.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599153

RESUMO

A formal [4 + 2] cycloaddition of N-tosylhydrazones with ortho-quinone methides was developed, affording the facile synthesis of diverse 1,3-oxazine derivatives under mild conditions. In this transformation, N-tosylhydrazones are used as a 1,2-dipole synthon under base-free conditions. Moreover, the substrate scope is broad, and the products are formed with high diastereoselectivities in most of the cases.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3491-3500, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621236

RESUMO

The dynamic simulation of cucumber growth and development in sunlight greenhouse can provide technical support for the intelligent management of cucumber production. According to the cucumber response characteristics to light and temperature, the cucumber development module based on the algorithm of clock model was established by using data from four-stage experiment with 'Jinyou 35' as experiment variety in two years. Based on the relationship between the leaf growth and key meteorological factors (temperature and radiation), leaf area index (LAI) module was established with the accumulated product of thermal effectiveness and photosynthetically active radiation (TEP) as independent variables. The simulation module of cucumber dry matter production was established by taking into consideration the double integral of LAI and daily length in photosynthesis per unit leaf area as well as the respiratory expenditure of different organs. Combined with water content of organs, fresh weight simulation module of cucumber organs was constructed. The whole cucumber development and growth simulation model in greenhouse was built based on each sub-module. The model parameters were calibrated and determined. The results showed that root mean square error (RMSE) of simulated values and observed values of four deve-lopment stages (from transplanting date to stretch tendril, to initial flowering, to early harvested and to uprooting), was 3.9-10.5 d. The normalized root mean square error (nRMSE) was 6.5%-28.6%. The coincidence index (D) was 0.79-0.97. The relationship between LAI and TEP was the regression of 'S' type curve. The RMSE of simulated and observed LAI values was 0.19. The nRMSE was 17.2%. The D value was 0.90. The RMSE of dry weight of root, stem, leaf, flower and fruit of the simulated values and observed values were 0.39-8.94 g·m-2. The nRMSE were 10.9%-17.7%. The D values were all above 0.98. The growth and development model of cucumber could accurately simulate the key development period of cucumber, leaf area and the dry and fresh weight of various organs and quantify the growth and development of cucumber in sunlight greenhouse.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Luz Solar
8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3535-3543, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621241

RESUMO

China has put forward CO2 emissions reduction target (committing to achieve CO2 emissions peak or plateau by 2030) to prevent global climate change. With Jiangsu Province as a case, we explored whether China could achieve the 2030 CO2 emissions reduction target. We predicted the peak volume and time of CO2 emission in three scenarios, i.e., quick scenario, medium scenario, slow scenario, respectively, based on the long-range energy alternatives planning system (LEAP) model and the logarithmic mean Divisia index decomposition approach. The results showed that, during the period 2000 to 2015, the economic scale effect was the most important driver, whose contribution to the increase of total CO2 emissions was as high as 147.4%. The technology progress effect was the main mitigation factor for CO2 emissions, which caused CO2 emissions to decrease by 60.4%. In addition, the contributions of energy structure effect, industrial structure effect, per capita income effect and population scale effect to CO2 emissions were -5.3%, 9.7%, 11.0%, and 0.6% respectively. In quick and medium scenarios, the peak CO2 emissions of Jiangsu Province would be 701 million tons in 2025, and 795 million tons in 2029, respectively. In slow scenario, however, Jiangsu Province could not achieve the 2030 CO2 emissions reduction target. To achieve the 2030 target, Jiangsu Province needs to adopt some strategies, including actively developing the tertiary industry to balance the economic structure, continuously promoting energy saving and emissions reduction technologies to reduce energy consuming intensity, and vigorously deploying clean energy to optimize the energy consuming structure.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Indústrias , China
9.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(10): 3596-3604, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621248

RESUMO

Mycorrhizae, formed through the colonization of soil mycorrhizal fungi into the roots of host plants, are common symbiosis in the terrestrial ecosystems. The establishment of mycorrhizae is mainly based on the bidirectional nutrient exchanges between the symbiotic partners. Mycorrhizal fungi can absorb mineral nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, from soil and transport them to the host plants for their growth. As an exchange, host plants supply mycorrhizal fungi with the carbohydrates in the form of lipids or sugars, which are essential for fungal growth. In recent years, the mechanism of nutrient exchange between the mycorrhizal fungi and host plants has been a hot research topic. Important progresses have been achieved in mechanisms of host plants nutrient uptake and transport mediated by the mycorrhizal fungi. In this review, recent advances in nutrient exchange between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, ectomycorrhizal fungi and host plants were summarized, especially in the absorption and bidirectional transfer mechanisms of important nutrients, such as carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. The potential regulatory effects of nutrient exchange in the mycorrhizal development were also reviewed. In addition, key problems and prospects of related researches were analyzed. This paper would be meaningful for the establishment of mycorrhizal model and the optimization of mycorrhizal effects.


Assuntos
Micorrizas , Ecossistema , Fungos , Nutrientes , Raízes de Plantas , Plantas , Simbiose
10.
Bioorg Chem ; : 103350, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640933

RESUMO

One new polycyclic furanobutenolide-derived norcembranoid, xiguscabrolide H (1), together with eleven known related norditerpenoids 2-12 were isolated from South China Sea soft corals Sinularia scabra and S. polydactyla, respectively. Among them, compounds 1, 6, 8, and 12 were discovered from the former species, while compounds 2-5, 7, and 9-11 were obtained from the latter species. The structure of new compound 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by the comparison with the reported data. With the assistance of time-dependent density functional theory electronic circular dichroism (TDDFT-ECD) calculations, its absolute configuration was determined. Moreover, the absolute stereostructures of the known compounds 3, 4, and 9-12, of which only relative configurations were assigned, were established for the first time by X-Ray diffraction analysis and TDDFT-ECD calculations, respectively. In bioassay, several isolates exhibited potent inhibitory effects on the ConA-induced T lymphocytes and/or LPS-induced B lymphocytes proliferation.

11.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 466-470, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect cardiac amyloidosis (CA) using cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking(CMR-FT). METHODS: Forty-three CA patients and 24 healthy volunteers underwent steady-state free precession cine sequence on 3.0T MRI after injection of Magnevist. Software cvi 42 was used for analyzing the left ventricular function including left ventricular mass (diastole) (LVMD), left ventricular mass (systole) (LVMS), left ventricle end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricle end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricle stroke volume (LVSV), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), as well as myocardial strains including 3D global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), and global radial strain (GRS), and 2D endocardial and epicardial longitudinal strain, circumferential strain, and radial strain (ENDO-LS, EPI-LS, ENDO-CS, EPI-CS, ENDO-RS, and EPI-RS). The global and layer-specific strains were compared between the CA patients with LVEF >50%, the CA patients with LVEF ≤50%, and the healthy controls. RESULTS: For the left ventricular function, the CA patients had greater myocardial mass than the healthy controls (P < 0.05); the CA patients with LVEF ≤50% had greater LVESV and lower LVSV than those with LVEF >50% (P < 0.05). For the global strains, significant differences also appeared in GLS and GCS among the three groups (all P < 0.05). The CA patients had lower GRS than the healthy controls (P < 0.05), while no significant difference was found in GRS between the CA patients with LVEF >50% and those with LVEF ≤50% (P>0.05). For the layer-specific strains, significant differences in ENDO-LS, EPI-LS, ENDO-CS, EPI-CS, ENDO-RS, and EPI-RS were found among the three groups (all P < 0.05). There were significant correlations between GLS and LVEF (r=-0.404, P=0.016), and between GCS and LVEF (r=-0.602, P < 0.001) in the CA patients. CONCLUSION: CMR-FT can assess not only global strains but also layer-specific strains for the myocardial function of CA patients.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14162, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578339

RESUMO

A new kind of nanocomposite, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)-carbon nanotubes (CNTs), has been synthesized via solid grinding, and followed by thermal polymerization process of melamine and CNTs. Pd nanoparticles were loaded on the as-prepared nanocomposite by the self-assembly method. The Pd/g-C3N4-CNTs nanocomposite exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), and compared with other detection methods of EE2, such as HPLC, this detection platform does not need the samples for further purification processing. And this detection platform was compared with HPLC, there is no significant difference between two methods, and the accuracy and precision of the determination of EE2 in feedstuff sample by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) to a satisfactory level. Thus, the Pd/g-C3N4-CNTs nanocomposite can be used as a signal amplification platform for the detection of EE2 in feedstuffs samples. Under the optimum condition, the current response increased linearly with EE2 concentration from 2.0 × 10-6 ~ 1.5 × 10-4 M with a detection limit of 5.0 × 10-7 M (S/N = 3) by DPV. The Pd/g-C3N4-CNTs showed good reproducibility and excellent anti-interference ability that the relative standard deviation was 3.3% (n = 5). This strategy may find widespread and promising applications in other sensing systems involving EE2.

13.
Clin Cardiol ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials showed the nonvitamin K oral anticoagulant (NOAC) edoxaban was effective and safe for stroke and systemic embolism prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE; including pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis). Additional research is needed to evaluate the effects of edoxaban in routine clinical practice. Therefore, the Edoxaban Treatment in routine cliNical prActice (ETNA) program is being conducted to provide routine clinical care data on characteristics and outcomes in patients with AF or VTE receiving edoxaban. METHODS: The Global ETNA program integrates prospectively collected data from edoxaban patients in regional ETNA noninterventional studies across Europe, Japan, and East and Southeast Asia into indication-specific databases for AF and VTE. Targeted enrollment is >31 000 patients (AF >26 000; VTE >4500), with a follow-up of 2 years for AF and 1 year for VTE. Data integration will be possible using consistent terminology, parameter definitions, and data collection across the regional noninterventional studies. Safety and effectiveness data will be assessed. Crude rates of outcomes including bleeding and thromboembolic events will be reported. RESULTS: Globally, enrollment began in early 2015 and is ongoing. CONCLUSIONS: Global ETNA will generate the largest integrated prospective repository of routine clinical care data for a single NOAC in patients with AF or VTE. It will provide important information on the safety of edoxaban in routine clinical care and gather further information on its effectiveness.

14.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(20): e012052, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595836

RESUMO

Background The impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on clinical short-term outcomes after stroke thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator remains controversial. Methods and Results We analyzed 18 320 ischemic stroke patients who received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator at participating hospitals in the Chinese Stroke Center Alliance between June 2015 and November 2017. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between eGFR (<45, 45-59, 60-89, and ≥90 mL/min per 1.73 m2) and in-hospital mortality and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics and the hospital clustering effect. Of the 18 320 patients receiving tissue plasminogen activator, 601 (3.3%) had an eGFR <45, 625 (3.4%) had an eGFR 45 to 59, 3679 (20.1%) had an eGFR 60 to 89, and 13 415 (73.2%) had an eGFR ≥90. As compared with eGFR ≥90, eGFR values <45 (6.7% versus 0.9%, adjusted odds ratio, 3.59; 95% CI, 2.18-5.91), 45 to 59 (4.0% versus 0.9%, adjusted odds ratio, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.18-3.38), and 60 to 89 (2.5% versus 0.9%, adjusted odds ratio, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.20-2.34) were independently associated with increased odds of in-hospital mortality. However, there was no statistically significant association between eGFR and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Conclusions eGFR was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality in acute ischemic stroke patients after treatment with tissue plasminogen activator. eGFR is an important predictor of poststroke short-term death but not of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage.

15.
Anticancer Drugs ; 30(10): 1048-1051, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584455

RESUMO

As a first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, gefitinib was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of advanced non-small cell carcinoma with sensitizing EGFR mutations. Gefitinib is known to have adverse effects, which may necessitate dose reduction or even change to alternative preparation of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor. There has been concern on dose reduction resulting in reduced dose gefitinib, especially on its efficacy. This was a retrospective single-center cohort study conducted in Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong that included 159 Chinese patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of lung that carried sensitizing EGFR mutations and had received gefitinib as first-line treatment. Patients who had reduced dose at 250 mg alternate day were compared with those who were able to maintain on standard dose of gefitinib at 250 mg daily. The primary end-point was progression-free survival. Among the 159 patients, 17 (10.7 %) of them were on reduced dose gefitinib, 14 among the 17 patients (82.4%) because of hepatotoxicity, and 3 (17.6%) because of cutaneous side effects. Patients on reduced dose and standard dose of gefitinib have comparable median progression-free survival. Hazard ratio was 1.121 (95% confidence interval = 0. 655-1.917, P-value = 0.678) for the reduced dose group and 3.385 for the standard dose group (95% confidence interval = 2.181-5.255) respectively (P-value < 0.001). Dose reduction in gefitinib to 250 mg alternate day in response to adverse effects was not associated with inferior outcome for patients on first-line gefitinib for advanced non-small cell carcinoma. Dose reduction is a feasible option for patients who have significant adverse effects with gefitinib.

16.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(21): e013053, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623498

RESUMO

Background The ROCKET AF (Rivaroxaban Once Daily Oral Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared with Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation) evaluated rivaroxaban (20/15 mg/d) versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. A separate trial, J-ROCKET AF (Japanese ROCKET AF), compared rivaroxaban (15/10 mg/d) and warfarin in Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation. Data about rivaroxaban following J-ROCKET AF criteria compared with warfarin and ROCKET AF dosage were limited. Methods and Results This retrospective study used medical data from a multicenter healthcare provider in Taiwan that included 3162 patients taking rivaroxaban. Among 2320 patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥50 mL/min per 1.73 m2, 384 and 1936 patients followed the ROCKET AF (20 mg/d) and J-ROCKET AF (15 mg/d) recommendation, respectively. Among 842 patients with an eGFR <50 mL/min per 1.73 m2, 422 and 420 patients followed the ROCKET AF (15 mg/d) and J-ROCKET AF (10 mg/d) recommendation, respectively. A total of 2053 patients with atrial fibrillation receiving warfarin were identified. Rivaroxaban following either ROCKET AF or J-ROCKET AF dosage criteria was associated with a comparable risk of thromboembolism but a lower risk of bleeding than warfarin. For patients with an eGFR ≥50 mL/min per 1.73 m2, risks of clinical events did not differ significantly between the 2 dosage criteria of rivaroxaban. For patients with an eGFR <50 mL/min per 1.73 m2, the ROCKET AF dosage was associated with a higher risk of major bleeding compared with the J-ROCKET AF dosage (hazard ratio, 2.70; P=0.0445) without significant differences regarding the risk of ischemic events. Conclusions In Asian patients with atrial fibrillation, the J-ROCKET AF dosage was as effective as the ROCKET AF dosage irrespective of renal function. The risk of major bleeding was lower with the J-ROCKET AF dosage in patients with an eGFR <50 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Compared with warfarin, rivaroxaban following either dosage criteria was effective and even safer.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121430, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635818

RESUMO

A nitrogen-doped metal organic framework (MOF) based porous carbon (C-(C3N4@MOF)) was produced by the carbonization of a graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) templated MOF (NH2-MIL-125). The C-(C3N4@MOF) was then coated on a stainless steel wire by sol-gel technique to serve as a solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coating. The coated fiber was studied for the extraction of fourteen organophosphorous pesticides (OPPs) from different fruit and vegetable samples followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) detection. The C-(C3N4@MOF) coated fiber exhibited a high extraction capability for the OPPs. Both single factor optimization and response surface analysis (Box-Behnken Design) methods were implemented to optimize the experiment conditions for the extraction. The results indicated that the linear response for the fourteen OPPs was in the range from 0.69 to 3000 ng g-1 and the coefficients of determination (r2) ranged from 0.9981 to 0.9998. The limits of detection (LODs, S/N = 3) ranged from 0.23 to 7.5 ng g-1. The method recoveries (R) of the fourteen OPPs for spiked fruit and vegetable samples were between 82.6% and 118%, with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) varying from 2.8% to 11.7%. The fiber can be reused over 100 times without a significant loss of extraction efficiency.

18.
Small ; : e1903753, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565857

RESUMO

Colloidal liquid metal alloys of gallium, with melting points below room temperature, are potential candidates for creating electrically conductive and flexible composites. However, inclusion of liquid metal micro- and nanodroplets into soft polymeric matrices requires a harsh auxiliary mechanical pressing to rupture the droplets to establish continuous pathways for high electrical conductivity. However, such a destructive strategy reduces the integrity of the composites. Here, this problem is solved by incorporating small loading of nonfunctionalized graphene flakes into the composites. The flakes introduce cavities that are filled with liquid metal after only relatively mild press-rolling (<0.1 MPa) to form electrically conductive continuous pathways within the polymeric matrix, while maintaining the integrity and flexibility of the composites. The composites are characterized to show that even very low graphene loadings (≈0.6 wt%) can achieve high electrical conductivity. The electrical conductance remains nearly constant, with changes less than 0.5%, even under a relatively high applied pressure of >30 kPa. The composites are used for forming flexible electrically-conductive tracks in electronic circuits with a self-healing property. The demonstrated application of co-fillers, together with liquid metal droplets, can be used for establishing electrically-conductive printable-composite tracks for future large-area flexible electronics.

19.
Mar Drugs ; 17(10)2019 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614893

RESUMO

In this paper, the effect of skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) enzymatic peptide (SEP), which was prepared and purified from a byproduct of skipjack, on inflammation, ulcerative colitis and the regulation of intestinal flora was studied in a mouse ulcerative colitis model and a transgenic zebrafish inflammation model. The aggregation of transgenic granulocyte neutrophils in zebrafish from a normal environment and from a sterile environment was calculated, and the anti-inflammatory activity of SEP was evaluated. To evaluate the anti-ulcerative colitis activity of SEP, DSS-induced colitis mice were given SEP, salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP), or SASP + SEP. Then, the concentrations of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α in the serum were detected, the HE-stained colon tissue was examined by microscopy the species composition and abundance distribution of the intestinal flora was analyzed. The results showed that 500 µg/mL SEP treatment significantly alleviated neutrophil granulocyte aggregation in the zebrafish inflammation model; Diarrhea, hematochezia and body weight loss were alleviated to a certain extent in mice gavaged with SEP and SASP, and the combination of SASP with SEP was the most effective in mice. The damage to villi in the intestine was completely repaired, and the levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α, which are associated with inflammation, were all reduced. In addition, the proportion of intestinal probiotics or harmless bacteria increased, while that of pathogenic bacteria decreased, and the effect of the combined treatment was the most pronounced. These results show that SEP could relieve inflammation, cure ulcerative colitis, regulate intestinal flora and enhance the therapeutic effect of the clinical drug SASP. This study provides a theoretical basis for the development of SEP as an anti-inflammatory adjuvant therapy and intestinal flora regulator.

20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(19): 2286-2291, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who present without typical chest pain are associated with a poor outcome. However, whether angiographic characteristics are related to a higher risk of mortality in this population is unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether the higher mortality risk in patients with STEMI without chest pain could be explained by their "high-risk" angiographic characteristics. METHODS: We used data of 12,145 patients with STEMI who was registered in China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry from January 2013 to September 2014. We compared the infarct-related artery (IRA), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade in the IRA, and other angiographic characteristics between patients without and those with chest pain. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify independent risk factor of in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: The 2922 (24.1%) patients with STEMI presented without typical chest pain. These patients had a higher TIMI flow grade (mean TIMI flow grade: 1.00 vs. 0.94, P = 0.02) and a lower rate of IRA disease of the left anterior descending artery (44.6% vs. 51.2%, χ = 35.63, P < 0.01) than did those with typical chest pain. Patients without chest pain were older, more likely to have diabetes, longer time to hospital and higher Killip classification, and less likely to receive optimal medication treatment and primary percutaneous coronary intervention and higher In-hospital mortality (3.3% vs. 2.2%, χ = 10.57, P < 0.01). After adjusting for multi-variables, presentation without chest pain was still an independent predictor of in-hospital death among patients with STEMI (adjusted odds ratio: 1.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.83). CONCLUSIONS: Presentation without chest pain is common and associated with a higher in-hospital mortality risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Our results indicate that their poor prognosis is associated with baseline patient characteristics and delayed treatment, but not angiographic lesion characteristics. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01874691, https://clinicaltrials.gov.

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